Questions tagged [relative-clauses]

連体修飾節(関係節). A type of subordinate clause which modifies a noun phrase.

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3
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1answer
152 views

Arithmetic and relative clauses

Consider the following sentence: 八引く一は七です。 Eight minus one is seven. This doesn't seem to obey the usual grammar rules. If I think of 引く as a verb meaning 'to subtract' then I have a relative clause ...
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1answer
79 views

How to say “She is the girl I said I like.”?

I have some questions about relative clauses. How can I express "She is the girl I said (to you) I like"? This is my attempt 僕はこの女子が好きなんですよ I like this girl. 彼女は僕が好きな女子なんですよ She is the ...
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1answer
84 views

Relative clause vs. の to “categorize” a noun

According to my low level of Japanese, I know two ways to "categorize" a noun with an another noun + adjective: 髪が長い男の人が少しいる。 長い髪の男の人が少しいる。 Are these two sentences grammatically correct? ...
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92 views

Use of は in indirect quotes

This question had the following example: 人間に上下はないと考えるアメリカ人にとって、日本の目上と目下の関係は面倒だろう ? and the OP was asking about the meaning of は. I'd like to expand on this. Firstly, I'm assuming that 上下は is part of ...
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85 views

Syntactic structure of “what is something which is done”

What is this sentence syntactic structure? お国では何語を話すのですか。 If what the sentence is all about is "which language", why does the action verb ("to talk") need to be nominalized? I ...
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1answer
46 views

Can we use a comma to separate the noun of a relative clause verb?

「ひとはだれしもが、心に灯台を持っている。その光に従って生きるだけで幸福になれる」と信じる著者が綴った、奇跡のファンタジー体験ノベル! Is the comma after 綴った separating the 奇跡のファンタジー体験ノベル from 綴った, or the sentence ends in 綴った? Also, how can I translate ...
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How can there be 2 X が in this sentence? [duplicate]

This sentence is an excerpt from https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10012813311000/k10012813311000.html 京都大学の西浦博教授は、東京都でこれから新しいコロナウイルスがうつる人がどのように変わるか計算しました。 Is my understanding correct? うつる人が is the ...
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65 views

Meaning of もの in this sentence

The sentence is: 芸術は思いをかたちにするもの What does this mean? Does it mean "Art is about giving form to thoughts/feeling", "Art is the thing that gives thoughts/feeling form. I am unsure of ...
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63 views

Long relative clause grammar rules

This is a sentence from Tobira's book ch11 読み物. 江戸時代は約250年も続き、当時の江戸は世界中で一番人口の多い、独自の芸術文化が発達した清潔で文化レベルの高い都市だったと言われている The part that confuses me is 独自の芸術文化が発達した清潔で文化レベルの高い都市. So far I know that you can ...
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77 views

Is the sequence -んだと missing?

I found this sentence in a textbook: 来月までには出来あがらないと思います。 It was translated as "I think that we'll not make it until next month". But the と particle after the negated verb is confusing me. I ...
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87 views

Mixed modifiers with a noun

Can you do that, modify a noun by mixing modifiers? Say, something like this: 昨日買ったきれいな白い夫子の帽子 昨日買った きれいな しろい 夫子の each is modifying 帽子.
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Syntax of 住み心地のいい小さな家

I was randomly reading a grammar book (despite I'm still being in N5) and found the follow sentence: 住み心地のいい小さな家 The sentence was alone, without context, and it was translated to something like "...
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339 views

Can the passive agent be gapped?

Can the passive agent be gapped in a relative clause? I mean, can the head of a relative clause be the passive agent (the word that would be marked by に)?
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Explanation for 変わった and 似た as adjectivals

I often see the two verbs 変わる and 似る used in their た-form when modifying nouns and I'm not really sure exactly how to make sense of them. 変わる: e.g. as in 「変わった人」. Here I'm wondering why it's not just ...
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2answers
139 views

Verbs joined with くて and modifying a noun

I understand that くて joins verbs but what happens if they modify a noun? For example: お金がなくて食べない料理 - I don't have money and hence this is food that I won't eat 見た目がなくて届かない想い - I don't have the looks ...
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159 views

Can't understand why this sentence is written this way

The sentence I am talking about is ジュースが出る大きいな桃 . I don't understand why 大きいな桃 is written at the end. I would say something like: ジュースが大きいな桃から出る Thanks
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88 views

Which of the following forms are allowed in relative clauses?

I recently discovered that Relative clauses are mostly made with dictionary form verbs/adjectives, but [the answer here]says my “... sentence indeed has three relative clauses marked by (1), (2), and ...
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120 views

Is the 出し in the following sentence a relative clause?

Is the 出し -which I believe to be 出す- in the following text a relative clause, as the 行動 is a noun? 「ここにじっとしていてもしょうがない………か」 自分を奮い立たせるために、わざと自分の考えを声に出し行動を始めた。
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125 views

Ambiguity when describing with verbs, e.g. 酒を飲ませる人

Here's a small thing I never thought about for too long as I always kinda dismissed it due to the context usually being clear enough, but now I've gotten curious and I figured I'd ask away: Let's take ...
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1answer
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Why is the particle omitted in this relative clause?

I am doing this exercise from wasabi-jpn.com. The exercise includes this sentence: The sweater (I) bought last week was expensive. Apparently, the correct answer is 先週買ったセーターは高かったです。 I realize that ...
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139 views

Can I use a relative clause like this?

Let's say I wanted to render the sentence "Money's worth what we make it worth." into Japanese. I'd break it down like so: money-topic 貨幣は is worth-suru verb 値打ちする "what we make it ...
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Please help me to deconstruct the grammar of this relative clause: この法律に違反する可能性がある政治の団体が活動をやめています。

This is an excerpt from an NHK easy article talking about the new law passed in Hong Kong: この法律に違反する可能性がある政治の団体が活動をやめています。 この法律に this law 違反する可能性がある政治の団体が活動 activities (by?) government groups (...
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Noun or Adjective?

I am new to qualifying nouns. Why is the adjective of 好きな used here instead of just 好き as a noun? 猫が好きな女の人は私の友達です Does that means it is wrong to say: 猫が好きあの女の人は私の友達です I am used to seeing 猫が好き,...
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Can a て conjunction be used in a relative clause?

I considered a situation where two modifying clauses are joined by a て conjunction and wondered if such a thing was too ambiguous to be commonly used. (Brackets show what is being used as a modifying ...
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Can one noun be modified by both a clause and a の marked noun?

I have tried to create a sentence wherein a noun is modified by both a clause and の marked noun, but found it to be difficult with my current understanding: Intended sentence: I stole the king’s ...
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203 views

Object of a sentence ambiguity

The sentence: 守りたいのはあなた This sentence can either mean "The one I want to protect is you" or it can mean "the one who wants to protect (someone else) is you". Any way to distinguish besides context?
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103 views

Is the main clause in the relative clause construct an actual clause?

I know that relative clause compounds are generally made with the following format. sentence/verb/adjective + noun My Genki I textbook supports this with the following example of a relative ...
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Relative clause confusion: “whose company I am leaving” or “who is leaving the company” [closed]

I came across this one in a study book: 本日、退社することになりました社長を初め皆様には本当にお世話になりました。 The translation reads 'Today I am leaving the company, and I would like to thank not only the President, but everybody.' ...
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3answers
209 views

The meaning of ”あれは魔術師に与えられた祝福”

I translated the sentence "あれは魔術師に与えられた祝福” to something along the line of "That is something that was given a blessing by a sorcerer" but in the translation that I compared it to, the translator ...
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141 views

Relative Clauses and Adjective Placement

How would you add adjectives inside a relative clause to the thing being modified? Is the placement set? For example, in this sentence, can "new" come directly before computer (1) or should it be ...
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147 views

Question about 変な奴だって思う子がいたら

Im reading a manga called Yotsubato and this phrase occurs when Yotsuba dad is talking to a girl witch is his neighbour. He says: 変な奴だって思う子がいたら. The meaning is: If you see a girl that makes you ...
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verbs with adjectival function?

In the sentence "忘れられない夜にする" does the verb "忘れる" have the function of an adjective? What is the meaning of the phrase? Is there any way to make verbs have a Japanese adjectival function?
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負かした俺: who beat whom in this relative clause?

Context: Riku is a boxer of Baba gym. Tokorozawa is a retired boxer of Baba gym. Ishigami is a retired boxer of an unmentioned gym. Tokorozawa beat Ishigami in the past. Recently, Tokorozawa asked a ...
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How to say “the one I sent the letter to”

I sent him the letter - 彼に手紙を送ってあげた  He was the one who sent me the letter - 手紙を送ってくれたのは、彼だった He was the one I sent the letter to - ???
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Is 誰か行きたい人 a form of double-headed relative clause?

I came across the phrase "誰か行きたい人" in this thread and I think it would be used in a context like "誰か行きたい人がいるか?". However I am kind of confused by how it works grammatically. Is 誰か行きたい a relative ...
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Aren't 「から」 and 「ので」 closer to the meaning of “because” rather than “so”?

To my understanding all particles affect the word or clause that appears before them: 「駅から家まで行く。」 means "I'll go from the station to my house" rather than "I'll go the station from house to go". So ...
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300 views

Help parsing a sentence with two を

Context: in the Dead Tube manga, a villain is talking about how she turned people into zombies by giving them a hallucinogenic drug and explains that they are "contagious". ...
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What tense of a verb should be used in the subordinate clause?

In the following example, what tense of the verb should be used: past or non-past? If both are possible will the meaning change? Children will eat anything their mother brings home. ...
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How to say “Why I started studying Japanese”

I have a Japanese assignment that requires me to write about anything I want. I decided that I wanted to write about why I want to learn Japanese. I think the title should be "Why I want to study ...
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The exquisite depths of 和菓子's mind

Consider the following quote from this article: 和菓子は季節とともに変化するもの。パッと見て何を模したかわかる形もあれば、どんな意味が込められているのか考えるものもあり……。 As I understand it, the last clause is supposed to mean "there are ones (ie. certain ...
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Meaning for 昔から大好きな親戚の姉さん

I sometimes hear 姉さん used as just another way of addressing an older woman but I don't understand the usage of 親戚の姉さん. 親戚(shinseki) is relative so does Shinseki no Nesan mean the literal older sister ...
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Help with showing lack of a 'because' construct in translating the bolded sentence?

Two characters are having the following conversation: A:「あなたにも殺し屋になってもらうの。ツヴァイ」 “You too will become a assassin. Zwei.” B:「馬鹿言うなよ……。なんで僕が、そんなことやらなきゃならないんだよ⁉」 “Don’t say something so ...
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152 views

Which clause is the だけ in 身の危険が迫った時にだけ発現する能力だから attached to?

身の危険が迫った時にだけ発現する能力だから I know there are two relative clauses in the above sentence, as shown below. Example structure is [verb/sentence]noun/main clause] Relative clause 1: [身の危険が迫った]時] ...
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204 views

Questions about Noun+が+Adjective

Here is a phrase: ねだんが たかいレストランは あまり すきじゃない I don't like high price restaurant very much Now, the questions. If I used たかいねだん レストラン, would it be wrong? Or would mean something different? The が ...
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110 views

Is it possible to make a relative clause & main clause using a formal noun, such as はず?

I know that a relative clause and main clause are formed when you have a construct of [sentence/verb] + noun in Japanese. While attempting to translate the following sentence, I found three of the ...
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290 views

Is the function of this ある a pre-noun adjectival, or is it a verb that forms a relative clause?

I'm going over my previously done translations to see if any need further editing, and the following comes up. 背後{はいご}で聞{き}き覚{おぼ}えのある声{こえ}がして、思{おも}わず一歩後{いっぽあと}ずさってしまった。 I relearned yesterday that ...
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149 views

Using prepositions in relative clauses?

Example: Let's say I want to reference "the bridge that I ran underneath". I would presume that the sentence would be: 下に走った橋 I feel like there's a lot of ambiguity here, but I guess that's ...
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84 views

Delimiting prenominal relative clauses

I encountered this sentence: 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・発展的に拡大する戦略を立案する Is there any way of knowing if this is 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・発展的に拡大する戦略を立案する or 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・...
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3answers
117 views

noun adjective grammar

学校の窓ガラスを割った生徒に反省文を書かせました。 in this phrase why did we use two を particles, does it mean two objects are here ?? can anyone explan the sentence structure..any similar examples also
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117 views

Relationship between temporal/adverbial nouns modified by relative clauses with verbs

I came across with the following sentence: 受験勉強で疲弊した深夜、グレープフルーツのへそに親指を挿入した瞬間、胸からぷしゅっと黄色の粒子が噴出した。 I was doubtful about how the sentences separated by commas were related to each other, so I asked a ...

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