Questions tagged [relative-clauses]

連体修飾節(関係節). A type of subordinate clause which modifies a noun phrase.

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入れた男 ending a sentence, is 男 the subject

I recently started to learn some Japanese, to get some practice I'm trying to translate and analyse some bits of One Piece, that I'm already familiar with. Right at the very start there's this ...
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Relative clauses with various nouns

As far as I know, the relative clause should be placed immediately in front of the noun it modifies. For example, in sentence [木の下で休んでいる人の眼鏡], relative clause [木の下で休んでいる] modifies the noun [人]. Then ...
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The effect of adjectives on adjectival verbs

Recently I was reading「鶴の笛」by (林芙美子) and came across this sentence: 足の悪い鶴は、みんなのいなくなったさびしい沼地のふちの葦のしげったところに立ってみんなが飛びたって行った空をみていました。 The English translation of this sentence by J. D. Wisgo says: The ...
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Choice of 入れた in 缶に入れた蚊取り線香

A passage from the second chapter of 夜は短し歩けよ乙女 by 森見登美彦: ⁠ 先ほどまで、ご主人は奥さんと一緒に本棚に囲まれた内側にいて、レジを打っていました。私と樋口さんが姿を見せると、あとを大学生のアルバイトに任せて出てきてくれました。そして案内されたのは店舗の背後にある木立の奥です。そこには缶に入れた蚊取り線香の煙がふんわり漂い、...
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彼がいる場所、彼がいるその場所、彼がいる学校

I am trying to understand what makes a 文節 内の関係 or 外の関係. And if 外の関係, which one. 彼がいる場所 彼女と初めて会ったところ Am I correct in thinking these two can only be 外の関係の内容補充修飾節, because I can't put the 被修飾名詞 back ...
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Meaning of 巡り合う好機 in this passage

A passage from the first chapter of 夜は短し歩けよ乙女 by 森見登美彦: ⁠ あな恐ろしやと思いながら肩身の狭い思いをしてカウンターをすり抜けると、その奥に隠れ家のような薄暗い空間があって、羽貫さんが四人のナイスミドルの方々に交じってお喋りしていました。  紅い布張りのソファに座ったおじさん方は、皆さん紅いネクタイを締めています。...
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What is the Order of Operations for translating sentences which have both passive form and relative clauses?

The bolded sentence in the following excerpt contains the passive form of a verb which is also being used in a relative clause. Should I translate the verb as a relative clause first, then transcribe ...
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Why not the past tense before 方 in this sentence?

みんなが彼の指差す方を見たんだ。 Why not 指差した or 指差していた ?
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Noun+の+adjective+Noun: エネルギー消費の大きい生き方

エネルギー消費の大きい生き方に敬礼 Those who expend great energy in their lives, I salute you.‌ I've seen this pattern used several times, Noun+の+adjective+Noun, but I've never really understood if the adjective is ...
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Nuances and correct usage of verbs modifying nouns

I found this very interesting older post and there are couple of things I am uncertain about. Could I also technically write "ロックしたSIM/ロックしているSIM" to mean "ロックされたSIM/ ロックされているSIM", ...
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Is this relative clause correct?

彼女からは警戒心が剥き出しの刺々しい雰囲気はない In this sentence, 刺々しい雰囲気 appears as the noun here and being modified by 警戒心が剥き出し. But how could a complete sentence like 警戒心が剥き出し take the particle の to modify another noun? ...
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Is 「子供を映画へ連れて行く約束した」 ungrammatical?

子供を映画へ連れて行く約束をした。 I promised to take my child to a movie. Here's my parsing: 子供を映画へ連れて行く | relative clause 約束をした | verb phrase We need a noun in order for it to be modified by a relative clause, so ...
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Question regarding subjects in relative clauses

I may be completely off the mark here, but this my understanding. I am a native speaker of neither Japanese nor English. 2018年、SNSで実施した1294人の読書のアンケート... Does this sentence mean that it is a survey ...
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How to parse アニメが日本語に興味を持ったきっかけ

アニメが日本語に興味を持ったきっかけというのもあったし、普通にアニメも好きだったんです。 I don't understand how the part "アニメが日本語に興味を持った" can be a modifier for the noun きっかけ if I'm talking about myself. The way I would go about ...
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What does the の do in それ以上は一切の言い表しようもないほど ...?

本当に死んでいる....それ以上は一切の言い表しようもないほど....彼女は完全に死んでいた。 My understanding is that 一切の言い表しようもない is a clause inside ほど, but I do not understand what 一切の means. I know that の can sometimes mark the subject in ...
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How to tell which noun is being modified in 二人だけの世界

In the song あの夢をなぞって (Ano Yume o Nazotte), the third line is 音の無い二人だけの世界で聞こえた言葉は「好きだよ」. The translations to English give this as some variation of In that soundless world with only two of us, the ...
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meaning of というように [duplicate]

I'm interested in the grammatical function and overall precise translation of the conjunction made of two particles(?) in the following clause. My attempt: "being tall, (as/like/for example/of/...
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A counter example to the rule on tense in relative clauses?

In the comments to this question I learnt that 明日、林さんに会うときに、この本を返そう and 明日、林さんに会ったときに、この本を返そう have the same meaning, although 会った is more common. With my current understanding, that the tense in a ...
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その小説には、夫に先に死なれた妻の悲しみが丁寧に書かれていた。

その小説には、夫に先に死なれた妻の悲しみが丁寧に書かれていた。 I was always taught that in a passive sentence like the one written above, the DOER in the action is marked by に, So in the case above the doer is the husband, correct? ...
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How to parse 「店は人の多いところがいいです」

店は人の多いところがいいです Book translation: stores are better (to be) located at heavily trafficked places. My question is related to Relative Clauses: 多い人 vs 多くの人 in which the answerer provides a similar ...
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Sentence construction 活躍をしてる現場

他のヒーローが俺くらい活躍をしてる現場なんて見たことがない In this sentence, the main noun in the clause before なんて is 現場, so I would understand this sentence as "I haven't seen a place that the other heroes flourish as ...
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How does the transitive and intransitive verbs work when modifying a noun?

How do they work in relation with the particles? Like for example わたしの知らないこと vs 私に分からないこと. I notice that the 知らない doesn’t really go with the particle に like in the other one. Why is that and do ...
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Is が wrong in sentences like 私がplaceに行ったことがある?

I saw someone getting corrected for using が in a ことがある sentence, and I was wondering why using が in sentences specifically like 私がplaceに行ったことがある is wrong, I can't seem to wrap my head around it. I was ...
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Sentence seems to have multiple relative clause「気の合う人々のいる場を見つけたら、休まずに通うこと。」

気の合う人々のいる場を見つけたら、休まずに通うこと。 When you find a place with people that matches your interest... To understand this sentence I tried changing it into "(あなたは)気が合う人々がいる場" And I think I seemed to ...
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difference between のか/か in question clause

i want to settle this once and for all since i cant find any legitimate source about this grammar pattern and i see very different answers online. some say they are interchangable, some say the nuance ...
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Does Japanese mark restrictive and non-restrictive relatives differently?

I was wondering whether Japanese distinguishes restrictive and non-restrictive relative clauses in some way, either structurally or prosodically. English, for example, marks the distinction ...
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Can relative clauses be nested without particles in between?

I searched for other questions about nested relative clauses, and while they seem possible, most examples seem to have particles inside the nested structure: ワインが詳しい人と飲む機会がないので、楽しみにしています。 Here we ...
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Arithmetic and relative clauses

Consider the following sentence: 八引く一は七です。 Eight minus one is seven. This doesn't seem to obey the usual grammar rules. If I think of 引く as a verb meaning 'to subtract' then I have a relative clause ...
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How to say "She is the girl I said I like."?

I have some questions about relative clauses. How can I express "She is the girl I said (to you) I like"? This is my attempt 僕はこの女子が好きなんですよ I like this girl. 彼女は僕が好きな女子なんですよ She is the ...
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Relative clause vs. の to "categorize" a noun

According to my low level of Japanese, I know two ways to "categorize" a noun with an another noun + adjective: 髪が長い男の人が少しいる。 長い髪の男の人が少しいる。 Are these two sentences grammatically correct? ...
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Use of は in indirect quotes

This question had the following example: 人間に上下はないと考えるアメリカ人にとって、日本の目上と目下の関係は面倒だろう ? and the OP was asking about the meaning of は. I'd like to expand on this. Firstly, I'm assuming that 上下は is part of ...
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Syntactic structure of "what is something which is done"

What is this sentence syntactic structure? お国では何語を話すのですか。 If what the sentence is all about is "which language", why does the action verb ("to talk") need to be nominalized? I ...
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Can we use a comma to separate the noun of a relative clause verb?

「ひとはだれしもが、心に灯台を持っている。その光に従って生きるだけで幸福になれる」と信じる著者が綴った、奇跡のファンタジー体験ノベル! Is the comma after 綴った separating the 奇跡のファンタジー体験ノベル from 綴った, or the sentence ends in 綴った? Also, how can I translate ...
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How can there be 2 X が in this sentence? [duplicate]

This sentence is an excerpt from https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10012813311000/k10012813311000.html 京都大学の西浦博教授は、東京都でこれから新しいコロナウイルスがうつる人がどのように変わるか計算しました。 Is my understanding correct? うつる人が is the ...
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Meaning of もの in this sentence

The sentence is: 芸術は思いをかたちにするもの What does this mean? Does it mean "Art is about giving form to thoughts/feeling", "Art is the thing that gives thoughts/feeling form. I am unsure of ...
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Long relative clause grammar rules

This is a sentence from Tobira's book ch11 読み物. 江戸時代は約250年も続き、当時の江戸は世界中で一番人口の多い、独自の芸術文化が発達した清潔で文化レベルの高い都市だったと言われている The part that confuses me is 独自の芸術文化が発達した清潔で文化レベルの高い都市. So far I know that you can ...
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Is the sequence -んだと missing?

I found this sentence in a textbook: 来月までには出来あがらないと思います。 It was translated as "I think that we'll not make it until next month". But the と particle after the negated verb is confusing me. I ...
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Mixed modifiers with a noun

Can you do that, modify a noun by mixing modifiers? Say, something like this: 昨日買ったきれいな白い夫子の帽子 昨日買った きれいな しろい 夫子の each is modifying 帽子.
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Syntax of 住み心地のいい小さな家

I was randomly reading a grammar book (despite I'm still being in N5) and found the follow sentence: 住み心地のいい小さな家 The sentence was alone, without context, and it was translated to something like "...
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Can the passive agent be gapped?

Can the passive agent be gapped in a relative clause? I mean, can the head of a relative clause be the passive agent (the word that would be marked by に)?
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Explanation for 変わった and 似た as adjectivals

I often see the two verbs 変わる and 似る used in their た-form when modifying nouns and I'm not really sure exactly how to make sense of them. 変わる: e.g. as in 「変わった人」. Here I'm wondering why it's not just ...
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Verbs joined with くて and modifying a noun

I understand that くて joins verbs but what happens if they modify a noun? For example: お金がなくて食べない料理 - I don't have money and hence this is food that I won't eat 見た目がなくて届かない想い - I don't have the looks ...
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Can't understand why this sentence is written this way

The sentence I am talking about is ジュースが出る大きいな桃 . I don't understand why 大きいな桃 is written at the end. I would say something like: ジュースが大きいな桃から出る Thanks
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Which of the following forms are allowed in relative clauses?

I recently discovered that Relative clauses are mostly made with dictionary form verbs/adjectives, but [the answer here]says my “... sentence indeed has three relative clauses marked by (1), (2), and ...
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Is the 出し in the following sentence a relative clause?

Is the 出し -which I believe to be 出す- in the following text a relative clause, as the 行動 is a noun? 「ここにじっとしていてもしょうがない………か」 自分を奮い立たせるために、わざと自分の考えを声に出し行動を始めた。
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Ambiguity when describing with verbs, e.g. 酒を飲ませる人

Here's a small thing I never thought about for too long as I always kinda dismissed it due to the context usually being clear enough, but now I've gotten curious and I figured I'd ask away: Let's take ...
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Why is the particle omitted in this relative clause?

I am doing this exercise from wasabi-jpn.com. The exercise includes this sentence: The sweater (I) bought last week was expensive. Apparently, the correct answer is 先週買ったセーターは高かったです。 I realize that ...
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Can I use a relative clause like this?

Let's say I wanted to render the sentence "Money's worth what we make it worth." into Japanese. I'd break it down like so: money-topic 貨幣は is worth-suru verb 値打ちする "what we make it ...
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Please help me to deconstruct the grammar of this relative clause: この法律に違反する可能性がある政治の団体が活動をやめています。

This is an excerpt from an NHK easy article talking about the new law passed in Hong Kong: この法律に違反する可能性がある政治の団体が活動をやめています。 この法律に this law 違反する可能性がある政治の団体が活動 activities (by?) government groups (...
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Noun or Adjective?

I am new to qualifying nouns. Why is the adjective of 好きな used here instead of just 好き as a noun? 猫が好きな女の人は私の友達です Does that means it is wrong to say: 猫が好きあの女の人は私の友達です I am used to seeing 猫が好き,...
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