Questions tagged [readings]

読み. The reading of a kanji character or a word written in kanji characters refers to how it is “read” in terms of kana characters. Please use this tag rather than 'pronunciation' if it fits your question.

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2answers
213 views

How does one know how to read 堪える? Is it 「こたえる」、「こらえる」 or 「たえる」?

The verb 堪える has three different readings: こたえる, こらえる, and たえる, and as far as I can tell they all mean "to bear, to endure, to put up with", with slight variations. Is there a way to tell which ...
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332 views

When 大 is read as たい versus だい?

There is a general rule that for a kanji compound of the form 大*, you tend to read 大 using 音読み (タイ・ダイ) if * is 漢語 and with 訓読み (おお) if * is 和語. See e.g. this question on goo (in Japanese). (Of ...
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1answer
3k views

What is the meaning of dots and dashes in kunyomi readings?

I was introduced to jisho.org a few days ago and I find it a really good tool to use while using the Heisig method to learn the readings as I learn the writing and understanding of kanji. I noticed 2 ...
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1answer
571 views

How to decide whether to read 「昨夜」 as 「さくや」 or「 ゆうべ」?

I found an answer saying that 「さくや」is the correct reading of 「昨夜」, but despite that I often encounter it as「ゆうべ」. Is there a difference in meaning or are both readings interchangeable?
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1answer
100 views

Decimal points and sound change of counters

I understand that when a series of numbers in Japanese includes a decimal point each number is voiced individually with the decimal point pronounced as てん as in the following example: 9.76 = ...
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1answer
333 views

In this example, should the number 4 be read し or よん?

Recently, on another question, I left a comment where I said I thought 1・2・3・4 might be pronounced イチニーサンヨン. I was quickly corrected by another user, who said the following: AFAIK, 1,2,3,4 is ...
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1answer
214 views

Romanizing doubled-up kango

I am reading some old prewar books that smush two kango together to create a complex noun, for example 伝説伝統 for "legends and traditions". An academic citation, by an author who I am finding a bit ...
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1answer
665 views

Iki versus Yuki meaning “bound for”

Can we read ー行き as "iki" talking about trains bound for some stations? For example, この列車は東京行きです。 Here they say we should read it as "yuki." Here I see that "iki" is used to mean "bound for". ...
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268 views

Is 何と read as なにと or なんと in 何と言いましたか?

彼は何と言いましたか. What is the reading of 何と in 何と言いましたか. Is it (なに or なん) + と?
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743 views

Reading of 退く meaning “Go away”

Here is a passage from my Japanese Bible 更に、悪魔はイエスを非常に高い山に連れて行き、世のすべての国々とその繁栄ぶりを見せて、「もし、ひれ伏してわたしを拝むなら、これをみんな与えよう」と言った。すると、イエスは言われた。「退け、サタン。『あなたの神である主を拝み、ただ主に仕えよ』と書いてある。」 - マタイによる[福音書]{ふく・いん・しょ}4章:8-...
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170 views

Is 窘める ever read なだめる?

I found the following in a book I'm reading: As far as I'm aware, 窘める is read たしなめる and means "to scold, rebuke, admonish". 宥める, on the other hand, is read なだめる and means "to soothe, placate". Are ...
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1answer
204 views

The reading of 砂利

砂利 I am fairly sure is normally read as じゃり but I saw that an alternate reading of ざり exists. Is the ざり reading at all used in the modern language? Why じゃ・ざ and not しゃ・さ?
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542 views

what is the meaning of 腹んばいになって?

What is the meaning of 腹んばい and 腹んばいになって? Also, is it read 「はらんばい」? I understand that 腹んばい悪い seems to mean 'get mad' (腹が立つ), but this other usage seems like it isn't about anger. Here is the ...
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1answer
210 views

Reading a non-numerical range

Expanding on my previous question, What if the range is not numerical? I encountered these on a book for learning Japanese. The 初~中級編 book for beginner to intermediate level and 中~上級編 for ...
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1answer
429 views

Kanji with unique on'yomi

The question is very simple: how many kanji there are that have a 'unique' ON-reading, not shared by any other kanji? Or, as it is probably a too general question given the variety of kanji: how many ...
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1answer
102 views

What is more common pronunciation for 本文?

What is more common pronunciation for 本文: ほんぶん or ほんもん? Is it geographically specific?
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2answers
118 views

In what context do you pronounce 行く as ゆく? [duplicate]

I am not entirely sure in what context you pronounce 行く as ゆく. I've read that it is pronounced as ゆく in more formal situations and in songs. For example, in the song lyric 闇へと進み行く it is pronounced as ...
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1answer
1k views

How is character size dealt with?

When reading manga, I frequently notice that I have no idea what a character says. This is not because I do not know what the kanji is, rather it is very difficult for me to decipher what the kanji ...
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1answer
85 views

Different ways to read out the year

In English, there are a few ways we could read out a year like 2012 - e.g. "two thousand and twelve", "twenty twelve". Does the same thing exist in Japanese, or is there only one way ever actually ...
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1answer
293 views

Cannot recognise the kanji in a cartouche 保里尾[ ][ ][ ]晴

In the context of a C19th work titled Takamatsu no shiro mizuzeme no zu, "Picture of the Flooding of Takamatsu Castle" (髙松城水責之圖 with furigana たかまつのしろみづぜめのづ), there is a name cartouche, but I am ...
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Why is the “NO” pronounced but not written in 山手, 井上 , 木下? [duplicate]

The names are read Yamanote, Inoue and Kinoshita. Where is the NO written? Is NO the only pronunciation that is used but omitted when writing names? Does it only happen when NO is used? Apparently, ...
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128 views

How did the on-readings with -チ appear?

This is what I know. 1) Unlike, say, -p, the final -t of Chinese readings was maintained in careful speech at least as long as the Christian resources of the XVIth century (Frellesvig 2010: 316-7). ...
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233 views

same reading, similar meaning, different Kanji [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: do people actually respect the nuances of 探す vs 捜す? There are many kanji that I have come across with similar meanings, and (seemly coincidentally) identical readings. But the ...
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141 views

How should I read the Kanji 「受」 in the word 「赤外線受発光部」?

Should it be read 「じゅ」 or 「う」 or something else?
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473 views

Is “gen” also a reading of this kanji? 間

According to a page, this word is pronounced "ningen" but according to another page, the readings for 間 are Are they the same kanji? Is "gen" an unofficial reading or something?
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3k views

Was the Japanese reading “raito” for moon, ever been used before Death Note came to existence?

The only time I have ever seen this reading for moon was with the Japanese pronunciation of the Death Note character, Light, who's first name is written with the word moon. I want to know if the ...
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2answers
307 views

How do i read 翼 in “one-winged”

I've encountered a song with romaji title Katatsubasa no tenshi, which I would understand, but the other day someone handed me an album with romaji-ed names, where the same song was written as ...
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3answers
779 views

Why some tutorials teach writing Japanese numbers with Hiragana when they are actually written with Katakana (as on-yomi) in dictionaries?

I've just began learning some Kanji by looking-up how the numbers are written (and read) and suddenly bumped into confusion while watching some tutorials. I can hear the tutors pronouncing a number in ...
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1answer
293 views

Difference between 怒り{いかり} and 怒り{おこり}

Both 怒り{いかり} and 怒り{おこり} are nouns and mean "anger". Even the kanji are the same! How can we distinguish these two?
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161 views

What is the correct reading of 水気?

From researching about the word 水気 in Jisho, I found that it has two different readings: すいき and みずけ. Unfortunately, the information on the site did not really help me in differentiating on what the ...
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2answers
387 views

why is the reading of 瞬く and 瞬き not the same?

Out of sheer curiosity I was wondering why 瞬く is read as またたく but 瞬き is read as まばたき.
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686 views

Why is 未来 read as あした?

The slogan of the 2020 Olympics in Japan is 未来{あした} をつかもう (Discover tomorrow) Why is it read as あした? I did not find a standardised dictionary with that reading, however I found あす as a reading in ...
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39k views

「猫種」「愛猫」などの読み方について

「愛犬」は「アイケン」と音読みで読みます。 「犬種」も「ケンシュ」と音読みです。 さて、猫の場合はどうでしょうか。 「猫」という字は音で読むと「ビョウ」ですので、正しくは「アイビョウ」「ビョウシュ」ではないでしょうか。 しかし「アイビョウが・・・」って言われてすぐにピンとくる人がどれほどいるのか疑問です。 ネットで調べたら、わかりやすさを優先し「あいねこ」「ねこしゅ」...
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365 views

Name identification for 安田 味子, and “saying” using という

I have the following sentence I need to translate for my introductory Japanese class. 私の友達の名前は、安田味子さんといいます。 There are 2 parts I am having trouble with. First, the name translation. I think it ...
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2answers
187 views

Pronunciation of 締 in 月末締/翌月末払

If I understood well, 月末締/翌月末払 means "close the deal before end of a given month then get payment before end of the following month" Is the pronunciation "げつまつしめ よくげつはらい" I am especially unsure ...
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1answer
379 views

How to pronounce 伝統色

I have a book called 日本の伝統色 and I'm confused if 色 should be pronounced as いろ or しょく. Someone said to me that the correct way to say it is いろ to avoid confusion with 食, but Wikipedia says it is しょく。
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144 views

How do I read 殺す者?

From a light novel I currently read [小鬼を殺す者]. Is it 'ころすもの' or 'ころすしゃ' and how do I know what to take...for future usage.^^ Thank You in Advance
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201 views

How to understand the last character 枚 in 福田熊治良枚

In the context of a C19th print of the actor Iwai Hanshirō, the publisher’s name and address is included: 長谷川丁十九バンチ 福田熊治良枚. How should the last character 枚 that comes after Hasegawachō jūku banchi ...
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1answer
513 views

文言 もんごん ぶんげん why are the differences between these two readings and why is もんごん more common?

As stated in the title the reading for 文言 can be もんごん or ぶんげん. I know that もんごん is almost always used in speech, but why do two readings exist and why is もんごん so much more common? Also, are their any ...
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1answer
322 views

Reading of 様 in SARS様ウィルス

I was watching a video https://youtu.be/XUK7ORYBgIs?t=235 until a Japanese vlogger stumbled on reading the phrase: SARS様ウィルス The phrase itself seems pretty widespread and even Wikipedia mentions ...
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1answer
96 views

What is the reading of 弓形?

The word 弓形 has three different readings which are きゅうけい, ゆみがた, and ゆみなり. Unfortunately, there does not seem to be much distinction between these three readings. Is this simply a case wherein all ...
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1answer
152 views

Snakes! Word/Reading Choice — 蛇: へび vs じゃ vs くちなわ

蛇 I'm wondering what the difference in usage between へび, じゃ, and くちなわ is to reference snakes/serpents. Is one more common than the other? Is one more casual or more literary? For example, "snake" ...
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96 views

百年 - ヒャクネン or モモトセ

When is 百年 read as ヒャクネン vs モモトセ? Likewise, when is 千年 read as センネン vs チトセ?
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324 views

What is the difference in usage between 夜【よ】 and 夜【よる】?

As I understand, both よ and よる mean 'night'. I guess that the difference might be purely idiomatic. In this sense: What are idioms where only one of them is correct? What are idioms where you can ...
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186 views

How do you read 遅ランチ?

I read 遅ランチ and while I think the meaning is pretty clear ("late lunch" unless I'm mistaken), I wasn't sure how to read it. I wanted to say おそ, but the lack of okurigana suggests to me that isn't the ...
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1answer
155 views

pronunciation of 一昨年

My dictionary lists both いっさくねん and おととし as readings of 一昨年. Which of these are commonly used? Is there any difference between these two readings?
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1answer
162 views

Why do people romanize 五兵衛 as “gohei” instead of “gohee”?

I will see 五兵衛 (a name) romanized as "gohei" in almost every English source and even some Japanese sources I can find with the name, even though I am pretty sure it is actually ごへえ. Why is this? Is ...
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2answers
140 views

訓読み for 歳: とせ vs. とし

There are two 訓読み readings of 歳: とし and とせ. Looking at はたち (二十歳), a reasonable hypothesis would be "ち is a contraction of とし". I know very little about sound shifting in Japanese. Is とせ more recent ...
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2answers
1k views

Reading 捻る: when is it ねじる or ひねる?

How can I tell whether 捻る is read as ひねる (P. ・ N.C.) or ねじる (P. ・ N.C.)? I assume the answer is "based on which verb is appropriate", so I've been trying to learn the difference between them. Based ...
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1answer
319 views

How to read いい方

How do you read 方 in 大きいクラスでは、一時間にせいぜい一、二度当たればいい方だ。 In a large class, on a good day, you will be called on at most once or twice.

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