Questions tagged [readings]

読み. The reading of a kanji character or a word written in kanji characters refers to how it is “read” in terms of kana characters. Please use this tag rather than 'pronunciation' if it fits your question.

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6
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5answers
627 views

How do I make sense of the calligraphic characters for 六波羅坂東寺会戦?

Hi Can anyone assist by shedding light on the way that hiragana/kanji characters have been historically used in this 1850’s title cartouche? The catalogue raisonné for the artist simply records the ...
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3answers
408 views

Reading of 年 in いつもの年よりたくさん作っています

熱中症にならないように飲み物を買う人が増えていて、飲み物の会社はいつもの年{とし}よりたくさん作っています。 The number of people buying drinks to avoid heat stroke is increasing, and the drinks companies are making a lot more than in usual years. It ...
6
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2answers
208 views

-ei/-you alternation in some kanji: what's going on?

There's a reasonable number of kanji that have on-readings like めい・みょう, へい・ひょう (possibly modulo voicing), etc. For example: 平: 平均【へいきん】 vs. 平等【びょうどう】 兵: 兵士【へいし】 vs. 兵庫県【ひょうごけん】 明: 不明【ふめい】 vs. 明朝【...
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2answers
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What is “kanji illiteracy” (kanji yomenai) in the context of native Japanese speakers?

In the context of native Japanese speakers (not non-natives), is there a concept that roughly translates as "kanji illiteracy"? If so, what are the Japanese terms for it? Also, what does it mean? Does ...
6
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3answers
290 views

In compound words what is it called when two Ks assimilate into a っ?

Eg. 厄介、欲求、直径、即興、却下、借金、引っ越す、北海道、積極、薬局 Wouldn't っ normally require the first onyomi to have a tsu ending? Why doesn't it happen in certain words like 加湿器?
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1answer
538 views

How to pronounce 上 with the meaning of “when”?

I know how to pronounce and translate 上 in 1, but not sure if it is pronounced うえ or じょう in 2 and if it is also translated "when". Could someone explain case 2 please? 利用上{りようじょう}の注意{ちゅうい} ...
6
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1answer
195 views

How is 向 pronounced in 男性向同人?

Different sources have given me different pronunciations. I figured it must mean "Doujin aimed at males", but if that's the case, from what I know, it should be written [男性向け同人]{だんせいむけどうじん}。 Is 男性向 ...
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1answer
656 views

Is 子年 read as ねずみどし or ねどし? What about 卯年 and 亥年?

My dictionary says that 子年 can be read as both ねずみどし and ねどし, but when typing it in my computer, my IME only seems to convert ねずみどし to kanji. The same goes for 卯年 (うどし and うさぎどし) and 亥年 (いどし and ...
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2answers
891 views

How can a verb be in the beginning of a sentence when it is usually at the end? Ex. 折れた淡い翼。

When composing sentences in Japanese, the verb tends to be last right? For example, バナナを食べました。 --> I ate a banana But recently I came across a sentence where the verb was at the beginning of the the ...
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2answers
193 views

several difficulties reading an extract about Kobayashi Issa's works

I'm still reading "小林{こばやし}一茶{いっさ}" (a book written by 宗左近/Sō Sakon about the famous poet). I'm facing several difficulties with the following extract : 愛{あい}の歌{うた} 怒{いか}りの歌{うた} 作品{さくひん}の特色{...
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1answer
262 views

Is a kanji list read in 訓読み or 音読み?

I have been wondering this for a while now, but hesitated to ask. I have been studying jouyou kanji for several years, yet I do not know if there is a general way of how to read a list of kanji out ...
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1answer
252 views

Is there any relationship between the verb 死{し}ぬ and the 音読み 死{し}?

I noticed that both 死ぬ and the 音読み of 死 share a し sound. Is this a huge coincidence between Japanese and Chinese, or is there some sort of relation? I guess the former, because I don't know any ...
6
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1answer
234 views

Reading of 味 as a suffix in “X-flavour” / as a counter in “X flavours”

This question brought to you by the existence of カレー味のラムネ In my head, the reading here is あじ。 But I know 七味唐辛子{しちみとうがらし}, so it seems like as a counter it's み。 I'm almost 100% sure that カレーの味 would ...
6
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1answer
201 views

How can 池仲 be read as 'ikenohata' in the seal 'Ō Ikenohata Jōkin', 大池仲上金? Doesn't 仲 = 'naka'; can it be 'hata'?

If Ō Ikenohata Jōkin is written as 大池仲上金, how can 池仲 be 'ikenohata'? 池 is ike, but 仲 is usually naka? Can 仲 -- and presumably its homonym 中 -- also be read as hata (はた)? Am I missing something? ...
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2answers
501 views

How should I read 早々? As そうそう or はやばや?

How do you read 早々 in these sentences? I learned there are two readings: そうそう、and はやばや。 How do they differ, if at all? 早々にごへんじいただきありがとうございます。 Thank you for your prompt reply. 新年早々、...
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2answers
838 views

Does the kanji 妾 still get used by women to refer to themselves?

In this answer, the kanji 妾 was defined as "mistress". I'm not so familiar with this kanji, so I looked it up, and it seems to have about four readings and two definitions. Although I think some of ...
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1answer
123 views

Why is 雌 also read as メン?

I noticed the rare reading of メン contained in the word 雌鳥{めんどり} and I wondered how this unusual reading could have come about. I am not aware of any other words which use this reading for 雌. Is it ...
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2answers
465 views

How many possible phonological forms could be represented by a randomly chosen single character?

In Chinese, every character is monosyllabic and Mandarin has a total of about ~1200 licit syllables including tone (about 400 if you don't count tone). This means that if I take any Chinese character ...
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1answer
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Words for Ginkgo in Japanese: ぎんきょう and ぎんなん

I decided to read about the words for Ginkgo in Japanese (as in Ginkgo biloba). I was surprised to learn that Ginkgo comes from Japanese! According to Wikipedia, Engelbert Kaempfer, while writing ...
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1answer
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方 - also read ほう when referring to a person?

The following sentence is from "A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar": 留守番電話は、一方ではかかる方にもかける方にも便利な面もあるが、他方ではお互いに直接話が出来ないから、不自然な面もある "The answering machine is, on the one hand, ...
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1answer
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Why the mixture of *on* and *kun* readings of numbers?

One thing that always puzzled me was why some terms and names that are based on numbers will mix the on and kun readings. I never really understood the rules for that, but it occurs to me that there ...
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1answer
115 views

Reading/meaning of 裡

日頃は冷静な乾さんの裡から、ちらりと激情が見えたようだった。 What is the reading and meaning of 裡 here? I found the readings うち and うら in Jisho.org
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1answer
177 views

Readings of 漏斗:じょうご vs ろうと

Is there any difference in meaning between the words じょうご and ろうと, both meaning something like "funnel", both written with the kanji 漏斗? There's some indication in the answers here that ろうと may be a ...
6
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1answer
311 views

How to choose a reading for 降る? ふる & くだる

I always read 降る as ふる but for a particular sentence I noticed that the reading was written as くだる. Are there any tips to help figure out which reading to use? Examples: たとえ雨が降ろうとサイクリングにいくぞ。 I ...
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1answer
141 views

What was the process by which 有職読み applied to personal names?

In premodern Japanese, it was traditional for a prestigious or extremely honorable man whose name was read with kun'yomi to have the reading of his personal name changed to on'yomi in certain ...
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1answer
182 views

What is the common reading of the word 外海?

外海 has two readings がいかい and そとうみ. What is the difference of the two? Personally, I am under the impression that がいかい is the common reading because of its similarity to the word 外国【がいこく】. However, I ...
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4answers
2k views

Is it possible to algorithmically convert Japanese text to Romaji?

I am a programmer and I recently wrote two browser extensions, one will translate English text to "pronunciation" replacing all words founf on a web page, and another will replace all Chinese ...
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2answers
1k views

Reading 九十九 as “tsukumo”

Why can 九十九 be read as "tsukumo"? I don't understand how those kanji could be read that way.
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2answers
356 views

テキ in 形声: 適・滴・嫡・摘・敵・鏑

適・滴・嫡・摘・敵・鏑 Since all the listed above kanji are pronounced テキ and have the same common element, it is safe to assume that this element is pronounced テキ. The composition of this element is 立・古・冂. ...
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2answers
1k views

人 as a suffix. General rule for a reading? [duplicate]

When 人 is used as a suffix the reading could be jin or nin (or other readings?). 犯人 - はんにん 別人 - べつじん Is there a general rule to tell when the reading will be jin vs nin, or should I just learn it ...
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2answers
189 views

Reading of ___の音

I am trying to read this sentence: 水の音が聞こえる Which I think means You can hear the sound of the water (lit. sound of the water is audible) But not 100% sure on how to read 水の音 here. Google ...
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1answer
3k views

What is the correct way to read chapter numbers? (e.g.: 第1話)

I see this form often in manga book indexes. My dictonary gives me ダイ and テイ as possible readings for the first kanji, and I'm also not sure if the number should be read as a counter (like 一つ is read ...
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1answer
410 views

when to use がつ or げつ readings for 月?

I am trying to learn the readings for various words that include 月, and am having a hard time remembering when to use がつ or げつ for the on'yomi readings. The month names, 一月、二月、etc all use がつ, as far ...
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2answers
292 views

Is there a name for kanji with the same ON and KUN readings?

Is there a name for kanji with the same on and kun reading? I mean kanji like 労.
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2answers
841 views

How to write 'seaweed'?

This video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L8fVS78tvzU) says that seaweed is written like 海草、but Google Translate later told me it's instead 海藻, with 藻 as the second Kanji instead of 草. I know GT ...
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1answer
314 views

Has anyone come across the word 畸端?

I've started reading my first Japanese book and the word 畸端検査官 keeps popping up. I know 検査官 means inspector, but I can't find a reference anywhere to 畸端. Can anyone help?
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1answer
1k views

Usage and reading of the Ampersand

In English, & is rather frequently used to mean "and". How should & be read in Japanese? I think these are some likely readings: や と アンド Case 1: Assume sentence structure is of the form "A &...
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1answer
223 views

How to read 前 on its own?

For example, when you're on a homepage, and on the bottom, you can go to the previous page with the 前 button and the next page with the 次 button.
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1answer
450 views

How is 懐く read in this case?

I came across this word in a manga page, on the top right speech bubble. I'm not sure whether this Kanji should be read as なつく or いだく. Moreover, neither of the readings make too much sense to me, ...
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4answers
432 views

Bridging tsu (“つ”) when joining two kanji

I am currently studying Japanese grammar through Japanistry's Grammar Guide (https://www.japanistry.com/the-number-system/) I've come across a section when it says that a reading changes when two ...
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2answers
4k views

Mainen or Maitoshi used for every year?

I see Mainen and Maitoshi used for every year? Is there any difference and why would one be used over another?
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1answer
1k views

“Full” names of metals

When written as a standalone kanji, the following metals have longer, "full" names (based on their colour): [金]{こがね} → こがね [銀]{しろがね} → しろがね [銅]{あかがね} → あかがね [鉄]{くろがね} → くろがね In my ...
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1answer
317 views

クラウド上で - pronunciation?

I've seen 上で quite a few times recently, in contexts like: In the cloud クラウド上で and: On the computer コンピュータ上 In this case, is it pronounced うえ, as in クラウドうえで, or じょう? Silly little question, but ...
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2answers
238 views

What is the nuance of 解{げ}す?

Today in my JLPT text book, I came across the word 解{げ}す. I know that the kanji 解 means "unravel", and it can be read 解{わか}る, and with that reading it's synonymous with 分{わ}かる, "to understand". When ...
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1answer
156 views

Reading of 笑 in the meaning of lol/heh

What is the reading of 笑 when used as a “lol” or “heh” interjection? Is it わらい or something shorter? Is the reading the same when written as “w”? What if it’s repeated like 笑笑 or wwww?
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2answers
402 views

Reading 開く in SharePointで開く

So, I was reading through a list of options in Japanese when I saw "SharePointで開く." My initial reaction was to read it as あく but it felt wrong and thought that maybe it was ひらく. I checked this link ...
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1answer
359 views

一部屋一部屋 Meaning and reading

I'm having some trouble with the following sentence: 一部屋一部屋が大きいのだろう、部屋のドアの間隔が広かった。 What's the meaning of the double "一部屋"? I think it's supposed to be each/every room, but I'm not sure. Also, is ...
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1answer
111 views

Appending 内 to a company name is read ない or うち?

For example, if I say マイクロソフト内のパートナーシップは強いです, is the 内 here read as うち or ない?
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1answer
389 views

Why are there two readings of 留める?

It seems like 留める can be read as either とめる or とどめる. JED, my Android dictionary app, cites とどめる, and so does wiktionary. But wiktionary's kanji entry for 留, it lists とめる, とどまる, and とまる as kun readings,...
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1answer
509 views

Are all “on'yomi” monosyllabic?

I think that the Wikipedia entry for "kanji" has an error. Please look at the last sentence in the third paragraph underneath the "kun'yomi" heading. quote: "...This contrasts with on'yomi, which ...

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