We’re rewarding the question askers & reputations are being recalculated! Read more.

Questions tagged [readings]

読み. The reading of a kanji character or a word written in kanji characters refers to how it is “read” in terms of kana characters. Please use this tag rather than 'pronunciation' if it fits your question.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
11
votes
2answers
8k views

How are the different pronunciations of kanji used, such as onyomi and kunyomi?

Even when I think I've memorized how to read a particular kanji, 人 (ひと) for example, and try to read other words I find that it's also pronounced じん...and I'm sure it probably has many other readings. ...
15
votes
1answer
2k views

How to read: the “~” (tilde) in “3~4 行”

How should I read the "~" mark that stands for range, as described in the title? I saw this in the following sentence: 3~4行ごとに1行あけると読みやすい。
10
votes
3answers
8k views

Which readings would you use to pronounce people's names?

I'm confused whether it is normally appropriate to use On-readings or Kun-readings when dealing with people's names; I'm fine when its just two character names; I just make a logical deduction in my ...
51
votes
4answers
67k views

How to choose between “よん” (yon) vs “し” (shi) for “四” (4) and “しち” (shichi) vs “なな” (nana) for “七” (7)?

Two numbers in Japanese have two pronunciation alternatives. 四 / 4 can be pronounced either "よん" (yon) or "し" (shi) 七 / 7 can be pronounced either "しち" (shichi) or "なな" (nana) I know that "し" (shi) ...
17
votes
4answers
5k views

When Chinese personal names are written in Japanese in kanji is there always an obvious reading?

In their comment to an answer on the question "Are foreign personal names usually written in katakana rather than Romaji?", user sawa says: ... Chinese names should be written in kanji rather than ...
19
votes
3answers
3k views

How many unique on'yomi are there?

This question is of interest to me because of my own difficulty with remembering on'yomi, as there are fewer possible on'yomi than kun'yomi. So there must be a finite number of valid on'yomi ...
9
votes
1answer
903 views

Kanji that don't use their specified readings

Hello I'm trying to understand something about kanji readings. As far as I understand each Kanji character has multiple readings and each of these readings can be used alone or in conjunction with ...
17
votes
6answers
15k views

What's with this “On reading”/“Kun reading” thing? Is it important to learn both as a beginner?

I was reading this article on Japanese numerals and I first encountered the whole On reading/Kun reading thing, with an additional column on "Preferred reading," which was almost always the On reading....
6
votes
4answers
12k views

Do we really need to remember the kunyomi and onyomi reading of each kanji?

I am learning how to write kanji using the obenkyo app. I am trying to remember the strokes of each kanji and how to read them (onyomi & kunyomi). But do I really need to remember the onyomi &...
18
votes
3answers
4k views

How do you read simple arithmetic equations in Japanese?

My dictionary (EN → JP) suggests to translate "Three multiplied by four is twelve" as 3 × 4 = 12 without giving a hint as to how to read this in Japanese. How do you read simple arithmetic ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

When are 止める, 停める and 留める read as とめる, やめる or とどめる?

When are 止める, 停める and 留める read as とめる or とどめる (and in the case of 止める, やめる)? I think 止めてください could be read as both やめてください and とめてください, which I think could maybe be translated as "cut it out" and "...
8
votes
2answers
735 views

How to classify the non-standard reading of “お土産{みやげ}”?

Is お土産{みやげ} an 当{あ}て字{じ}、 熟字訓{じゅくじくん}、 or something else? For 「お土産」 to be 当て字, the「み」reading must be part of the 音{おん}、訓{くん} readings or a 名乗り{なのり} reading for the「土」kanji. This is not the case. For ...
8
votes
2answers
403 views

Seeing the invisible の in old names and words

In many place and people names, there is an "invisible の", e.g., 三宮 is read さんのみや and 中大兄皇子 is なかのおおえのおうじ. This can also happen in words: 班田収授法 is read はんでんしゅうじゅのほう, which I am less comfortable with ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

What are the rules determining the use of the dash in katakana?

As explained in this question, a dash character is used in katakana as an extension of a sound. First, what exactly is this character called? A "nobasu mark"? Anyway, I saw this sign in Shibuya the ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

方 - also read ほう when referring to a person?

The following sentence is from "A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar": 留守番電話は、一方ではかかる方にもかける方にも便利な面もあるが、他方ではお互いに直接話が出来ないから、不自然な面もある "The answering machine is, on the one hand, very ...
5
votes
3answers
254 views

In compound words what is it called when two Ks assimilate into a っ?

Eg. 厄介、欲求、直径、即興、却下、借金、引っ越す、北海道、積極、薬局 Wouldn't っ normally require the first onyomi to have a tsu ending? Why doesn't it happen in certain words like 加湿器?
4
votes
2answers
354 views

Name identification for 安田 味子, and “saying” using という

I have the following sentence I need to translate for my introductory Japanese class. 私の友達の名前は、安田味子さんといいます。 There are 2 parts I am having trouble with. First, the name translation. I think it ...
7
votes
2answers
667 views

Reading a number range [duplicate]

I have a bottle of 洗顔料(facial soap), and the instructions are: ご使用量の目安 ポンプ1~2回 (use about 1 to 2 pumps) If I were to read 1~2 aloud, how would I do it?
6
votes
1answer
178 views

How is 向 pronounced in 男性向同人?

Different sources have given me different pronunciations. I figured it must mean "Doujin aimed at males", but if that's the case, from what I know, it should be written [男性向け同人]{だんせいむけどうじん}。 Is 男性向 ...
5
votes
1answer
445 views

How to decide whether to read 「昨夜」 as 「さくや」 or「 ゆうべ」?

I found an answer saying that 「さくや」is the correct reading of 「昨夜」, but despite that I often encounter it as「ゆうべ」. Is there a difference in meaning or are both readings interchangeable?
1
vote
2answers
1k views

When am I supposed to know when to use the On-Yomi (sound-element) or Kun-Yomi (meaning element)? [duplicate]

I'll just start off by saying I'm not exactly new to Japanese but I'm still learning the kindergarten equivalent of what native speakers learn. I've mastered Hiragana and Katakana and am using Genki ...
24
votes
2answers
4k views

What does the highlighted portion of this handwritten Kanji say?

知恵袋で***いてるし… I tried searching Google, hoping it's a phrase that might come up more often, but none of the Kanji that came up looked even remotely like the one written here. Thank you!
22
votes
2answers
26k views

Words/characters for fast food meal sizes: 並, 大, 特

When dining at Yoshinoya I never know how to ask for the size meal I want. Their sizes are 並, 大, and 特. I only know that "大" means big, but it also has two readings so I have no idea whether to ask ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the reading of -中 as a suffix?

I see this all the time, but I don't know that I've heard it spoken. For example: インストール中 Is it simply "なか"?
13
votes
1answer
601 views

How is 名 pronounced in computer terms?

For usernames, etc., you usually see like ユーザ名 or something similar. Or like on my Skype, it says Skype名. How is the 名 pronounced in these situations? I've never been able to conclusively find this ...
15
votes
2answers
699 views

What are the rules for reading numbers before a foreign counter-word?

Is there a rule of thumb for knowing the reading of a number when it is written in western numerals, and is followed by a loaned counter-word? For example, how would you pronounce the "1" in 1セット? My ...
18
votes
2answers
3k views

Reading of 入る - 「はいる」 vs 「いる」

Sometimes I'm having trouble choosing the reading for 入る. There was a related question about the reading of 入れる, however my JMdict-based dictionary marks both 入る{はいる} and 入る{いる} as intransitive ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

“Full” names of metals

When written as a standalone kanji, the following metals have longer, "full" names (based on their colour): [金]{こがね} → こがね [銀]{しろがね} → しろがね [銅]{あかがね} → あかがね [鉄]{くろがね} → くろがね In my ...
18
votes
2answers
657 views

Is there a specific time to pronounce 日本, にほん/にっぽん?

Are the two used completely interchangeably or are there specific situations where one might be used more than the other? For example I've never heard 日本語 said にっぽんご.
9
votes
4answers
476 views

Pronunciation of 九

The dictionary I'm using lists two common pronunciations of 「九」: 「きゅう」 and 「く」. I've usually heard it as 「きゅう」 before, but when saying 「9時」, it always seems to be 「くじ」. Is there a rule to this?
8
votes
1answer
573 views

What's the difference between 落す and 落とす?

Both 落す and 落とす seem to be pronounced おとす and have the same meaning. Are they variants? Different words? Is one of them technically wrong?
8
votes
1answer
309 views

Looking Up Whether 御 Is Read お or ご

Is there a good way to look up whether a 御 prefix is お or ご for a word? I know there is the Chinese origin versus Japanese origin thing (mentioned here). But is there a way to look up for a certain ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How to know which On reading to use?

Just something as simple as the character for "one" has the On readings "ichi" and "itsu." So how would I know which one to use if I saw this as part of a compound?
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Is it possible to algorithmically convert Japanese text to Romaji?

I am a programmer and I recently wrote two browser extensions, one will translate English text to "pronunciation" replacing all words founf on a web page, and another will replace all Chinese ...
3
votes
1answer
315 views

How to read 連体形 + 上

Taking an example from a page naruto linked in another thread: 外国人が日本語を習得する上で難しい点がたくさんあります。 My inclination is to read this as うえ since it's followed by で, however I've got a nagging feeling it ...
5
votes
2answers
274 views

Is there a name for kanji with the same ON and KUN readings?

Is there a name for kanji with the same on and kun reading? I mean kanji like 労.
5
votes
2answers
697 views

What's the reading of 空く?

すく or あく? What's the difference?
25
votes
7answers
3k views

Does anyone have advice on how to get over/through/around the intermediate language plateau? (Self-learner) [closed]

How do you get through this? Especially in regards to reading. How do you practice reading at beyond the beginner level (No little black sambo's or whatever other children's books like I found in the ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Some Japanese dictionaries (e.g. 大辞林, 大辞泉, and 明鏡国語辞典) use this inverted triangle outline symbol (▽) for some kanji compounds. What does it mean?

It doesn't apply to all the words, just some. Here are examples of words from that are marked with that symbol 悪い (with reading にくい): 大辞泉; 大辞林 面倒くさい (with reading めんどくさい): 大辞泉; 大辞林 皆 (with reading ...
10
votes
3answers
934 views

How to read single stand-alone language-name kanji?

So we all know that most (all?) countries' names can be written in kanji as well as kana. And occasionally kanji from these names are used to represent the language of those countries. For example, we ...
15
votes
1answer
794 views

Reading and usage of 「垂オます」

A while ago I was chatting with a Japanese man and when he introduced himself instead of using 「申す」 or 「言う」 he used 「垂オます」, as in (His name)と垂オます. Can this be used in the same way as 「申す」 and 「言う」 ...
11
votes
2answers
467 views

Nuance between いっとき and いちじ as a pronunciation of 一時

I am writing a flashcards deck to memorize Minato-ku's list of 防災-related words. Excerpt: 一時集合場所 いっときしゅうごうばしょ Temporary meeting places 一時滞在施設 いちじたいざいしせつ   Temporary stay facilities As you see, ...
7
votes
2answers
387 views

人 - on'yomi ニン or ジン rule of thumb

I sometimes have trouble figuring out what on'yomi 人 has in unfamiliar jukugo, and was wondering whether there was any kind of rule-of-thumb for figuring it out, assuming it is the only character ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Difference between 間【あいだ】 and 間【ま】

What is the difference between the words 間【あいだ】 and 間【ま】 ? Both seem to have the basic meaning space or time interval.
20
votes
4answers
8k views

What is the difference between 「食う」 and 「食べる」?

I've often seen 「食べる」 used, when should we use 「食う」 ? Are these two interchangeable ? Can you provide examples ?
9
votes
1answer
449 views

Remembering when to use [原]{げん} and when to use [源]{げん}?

The kanji 原 and 源 seem to often have not only an identical pronunciation, but also a very similar meaning, and I'm having a lot of trouble remembering the spellings of several words: Using 原: [原]{げん}...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Most egregious examples of the reading of a kanji changing due to (textually) distant characters

I've been thinking about how Japanese people can read a text (out loud, say) when the readings of the kanji can be so variable depending on okurigana, suffixes, or prefixes that change the meaning and/...
5
votes
1answer
204 views

When 大 is read as たい versus だい?

There is a general rule that for a kanji compound of the form 大*, you tend to read 大 using 音読み (タイ・ダイ) if * is 漢語 and with 訓読み (おお) if * is 和語. See e.g. this question on goo (in Japanese). (Of ...
14
votes
1answer
837 views

Do native speakers consciously use phonetic elements in 形声文字?

Do native speakers of Japanese use phonetic elements when reading less common kanji? For example, does the compound 咆哮 look like ほうこう because of the elements 包 and 孝, even if you haven't learned to ...
13
votes
2answers
469 views

How to read the X in 5X4間?

A book about architecture I'm trying to read (it's a bit of a slog what with the technical jargon and such) contained this description of a temple building: 二重、初重5X4間、裳階 (もこし) つき、上重4X3間. So it's two ...