Questions tagged [readings]

読み. The reading of a kanji character or a word written in kanji characters refers to how it is “read” in terms of kana characters. Please use this tag rather than 'pronunciation' if it fits your question.

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Are groups of kanji classified as on or kun'yomi overall or individually?

Individual kanji have on and kun readings. Which character in a multiple kanji word determines if the word has an on or kun reading? 月曜日is a better example, on on kun. Would Nichiyoubi be considered ...
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85 views

Which reading does Google Translate use for kanji words?

I used a web service to emulate the name "Siavosh" in Kanji. First, you select your name parts from a table of kana and then it gives you a combination of kanji with pronunciation of each kanji ...
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Reading of 大: だい or たい?

The おお reading is out of the scope of this question - it might be involved in the answer though I'm learning some vocabulary, and noticed that 大 was sometimes read だい, sometimes たい. The instance ...
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213 views

When is 前 read さき?

I’ve noticed that Daijisen lists 前 as kanji for さき together with the expected 先. However all compounds at the end of the article include only 先, and I don’t think I’ve ever seen 前 with furigana さき. ...
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Which is the more common reading of 仏陀 - ぶつだ or ブッダ?

I realize that 仏陀 is probably more common in writing where the reading is ambiguous anyway, but I am curious to know: do people tend to read it as ぶつだ or ブッダ? For what it's worth, my IME recognizes ...
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58 views

hiragana/kanji and readings

The question 何か楽器をひけますか appeared in ISBN-13: 978-4828867588 on page 102. Question 1: Is the kanji form of the verb 弾く【ひく】to play (a stringed or keyboard instrument)? Question 2: If the answer to ...
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What is the correct reading of 黙然?

黙然 has two different readings which are もくねん and もくぜん. I am fairly confident in saying that もくぜん is the more common of the two and that もくねん is some sort of outdated reading. Is this interpretation ...
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What is the common reading of the word 外海?

外海 has two readings がいかい and そとうみ. What is the difference of the two? Personally, I am under the impression that がいかい is the common reading because of its similarity to the word 外国【がいこく】. However, I ...
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赤らめる 大それた rule for reading

[大]{だい}それた On’yomi before hiragana in a word looks special. Are there any other examples? If any, how can I know whether it is kun’yomi or on’yomi? Like: [赤]{あか}らめた
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When are 止める, 停める and 留める read as とめる, やめる or とどめる?

When are 止める, 停める and 留める read as とめる or とどめる (and in the case of 止める, やめる)? I think 止めてください could be read as both やめてください and とめてください, which I think could maybe be translated as "cut it out" and "...
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Romanizing doubled-up kango

I am reading some old prewar books that smush two kango together to create a complex noun, for example 伝説伝統 for "legends and traditions". An academic citation, by an author who I am finding a bit ...
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Does a kanji with only a kun'yomi reading indicate a Japanese origin? [closed]

Does a kanji with only a kun reading mean that it originated in Japan?
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Foreign names in Kanji. On'yomi, Kun'yomi or a mix of readings?

It is known that Japanese names often have multiple readings depending on what reading (on'yomi, kun'yomi, nanori ...) is applied to each kanji. But my question is about foreign names written in ...
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What is the correct reading of 水気?

From researching about the word 水気 in Jisho, I found that it has two different readings: すいき and みずけ. Unfortunately, the information on the site did not really help me in differentiating on what the ...
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Looking Up Whether 御 Is Read お or ご

Is there a good way to look up whether a 御 prefix is お or ご for a word? I know there is the Chinese origin versus Japanese origin thing (mentioned here). But is there a way to look up for a certain ...
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Why is the “NO” pronounced but not written in 山手, 井上 , 木下? [duplicate]

The names are read Yamanote, Inoue and Kinoshita. Where is the NO written? Is NO the only pronunciation that is used but omitted when writing names? Does it only happen when NO is used? Apparently, ...
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つけ用 in Udon preparation recipe

I have the following text on some Sanuki Udon I brought home with me ;) This is the part for ざるうどん: 水洗いした麺をざるに盛り、あらかじめ用意したつけ用つゆに、生姜、ねぎ、ごまなどお好みの薬味を添えてお召し上がりください。 So, つゆ is the sauce or soup, ...
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On-/Kun-yomi & Hiragana/Katakana

fellow Japanese lovers! I've been studying Japanese on my own for a few months, and have reached the point where I have a question that I can't find decisively asked or answered anywhere. I'm hoping ...
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What's the difference between 堪える{こたえる} and 堪える{こらえる}?

to bear; to stand; to endure; to put up with What is the difference between 堪える(こたえる) and 堪える(こらえる)? There is also 堪える(たえる) but it got additional to support; to withstand; to resist; to brave ...
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Reading per kanji / irregular readings

My question essentially boils down to the following: Is it always possible to assign a (regular / irregular) reading to a single kanji within some word? It is related to this post: Kanji that don'...
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Pronunciation of 上下

上下 has lots of potential pronunciations: じょうげ うえした しょうか かみしも Are there any guidelines on how to know which readings to use? I'm particularly interested in this sentence: 顔が上下に割れるかと思ったほど大きくにっこりして、....
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How are Japanese names romanized in localization?

I've read that that romanizing Japanese names can be particularly difficult, due to the fact that the kanji that make them up have multiple pronunciations, or even a completely random one. However, ...
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93 views

Which reading/meaning of 入り込む is more common?

The word 入り込む has two possible readings いり込む and はいり込む. What exactly is the more common reading and the difference of the two? Based on my research online, it seems that はいり込む is more frequently used ...
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105 views

Is the reading 腹【なか】 neither an on-yomi nor a kun-yomi?

currently trying hard to refresh my Kanji skills and stumbled over お腹 == おなか To my surprise none of the Kanji dictionaries list the reading なか for this Kanji. Only フク and はら. Is there a third ...
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Determine the correct reading of a word made up from kanjis

Supposed I know some kanjis and their reading, and come across a word I don't know yet that's made up from these kanjis, how do I determine the correct reading? Example: 大好き - daisuki 大きい - ookii ...
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300 views

Has anyone come across the word 畸端?

I've started reading my first Japanese book and the word 畸端検査官 keeps popping up. I know 検査官 means inspector, but I can't find a reference anywhere to 畸端. Can anyone help?
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Multiple Kun Reading

According to a dictionary website that I use, the character 終 has multiple kun readings. Is there any reason for this? Are there other kanji characters that have a similar case? Do their definitions ...
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Why are there two readings of 留める?

It seems like 留める can be read as either とめる or とどめる. JED, my Android dictionary app, cites とどめる, and so does wiktionary. But wiktionary's kanji entry for 留, it lists とめる, とどまる, and とまる as kun readings,...
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111 views

Why are 湖 and 山 in geographical names typically read in On-reading but 川 in Kun-reading?

This question is based on my somewhat limited understanding and observation of places I have been to so I may be falling victim to a bad sample size. If that is the case, please alert me. In the ...
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112 views

Help identifying a Kanji character from image

I've been struggling to identify this Kanji for 30 minutes now. Tried looking up radicals, stroke order, etc. but can't figure it out. More context:
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What is the correct reading of 心底?

The word 心底 has 2 readings which are しんそこ and しんてい. Both seem to be interchangeable with one another. Searching online has this page popping up. https://detail.chiebukuro.yahoo.co.jp/qa/...
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Meaning of 離れている間 and how do I read it, please?

I'm reading a japanese manga and the boy didn't want to get away from his senpai, he told senpai that and senpai thought was having a monologue "離れている間". Thankyou for taking your time reading this.
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How many Joyo (and perhaps Jinmeiyo) Kanji have only one onyomi?

I feel this is really beneficial to have a list for in my studies. The reason is if I see an unknown word that I'm reasonably sure has onyomi readings, if the kanji in question have only one possible ...
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Reading of 摘み in this sentence

ぱっと出て、薬草を摘み、すぐに戻ってくればいい。 Is 摘み read here as つみ or つまみ?
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Do you read the 一片 in「一片の雲」as ひとひら or いっぺん?

I found the sentence "A cloud was sailing in the sky" here : 空に一片の雲が浮かんでいた。 How is it pronounced? そら に ひとひら の くも が うかんで いた。 そら に いっぺん の くも が うかんで いた。 I do not know whether in Japanese a cloud is ...
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Is there a specific reading for 常訓 and 常音?

Is there a specific reading for 常訓 and 常音? I see this in an electronic dictionary to indicate on'yomi and kun'yomi reading of kanjis. What I struggle to find is the meaning of the combination of both ...
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Question about how to read 如何

Taking this sentence as an example: 納入した学費は、理由の如何{を問わず/に関わらず}返却しません。 I always have a hard time knowing how to read 如何; いか, いかが, even どう or いかん sometimes.. I've checked if the question was ...
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What does “水着勿体ないんでよかったら今度のお休み” mean here?

水着勿体ないんでよかったら今度のお休み Context: this girl sent this guy a picture of her in her swimsuit while she lay in bed because she just bought it and thought it was cute and just found out that her vacation ...
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378 views

How to pronounce 伝統色

I have a book called 日本の伝統色 and I'm confused if 色 should be pronounced as いろ or しょく. Someone said to me that the correct way to say it is いろ to avoid confusion with 食, but Wikipedia says it is しょく。
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六道 is it rikudou or rokudou

I'm not sure whether to read 六道 rikudou or rokudou.
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Are there kun'yomi ateji?

In a Linguistics SE question on loanwords from Japanese into Chinese, it was said that the Chinese import the kanji and use their own reading thereof. So words in kun'yomi are unrecognizable in speech....
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How should I read 花弁?

How should I read 花弁? I came across it in this sentence from ねじまき鳥と火曜日の女たち by 村上春樹. テーブルの上には紫色の木蓮の花弁が雨に打たれてはりついていた 大辞泉 has these two entries, which leads me to believe 花弁 is more officially ...
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テキ in 形声: 適・滴・嫡・摘・敵・鏑

適・滴・嫡・摘・敵・鏑 Since all the listed above kanji are pronounced テキ and have the same common element, it is safe to assume that this element is pronounced テキ. The composition of this element is 立・古・冂. ...
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Difference in reading 下に: When to use しも.に or した.に [duplicate]

As I observed, 下に can be read in two ways: しも.に and した.に. As far as I know, した.に can be used to indicate objects spacial arrangement. How about しも.に? Dictionary says that it also means down; below; ...
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Was the Japanese reading “raito” for moon, ever been used before Death Note came to existence?

The only time I have ever seen this reading for moon was with the Japanese pronunciation of the Death Note character, Light, who's first name is written with the word moon. I want to know if the ...
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66 views

How to pronounce 面?

For example in the phrase "物の面", how would you commonly pronounce 面? I see three possibilities: めん、つら、おも. Which one (or ones) are commonly used? Example sentence: "人の手の指先の内側にある、多くの細い線からできている模様。また、...
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117 views

Identical on and kun readings

死 is read either し or シ. What would be the difference compared to there being only one reading?
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225 views

Pronunciation of 年

The general rule to choose between kun (とし) and on (ネン) readings does not seem to work here. Are 今年, 去年, 来年, 毎年, 半年, etc. different kinds of compounds justifying using different readings? Is this the ...
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o'clock kanji pronunciation 時

Is 時 read as "toki" or "ji"? Duolingo and Google Translate don't seem to be in agreement.
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119 views

How to write こたえ: 答え or 答?

In the microsoft IME keyboard, and my cellphone's as well, when I write こたえ it is suggested 答え. However, in the Genki I textbook, I've seen it written as 答{こたえ} Are both of these valid? If so, ...