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Questions tagged [radicals]

部首. Components of kanji, which may serve as a semantic or phonetic factor in the meaning or pronunciation of the character. Along with stroke count, radicals provide a way to index and give an ordering to kanji.

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Relationship between radicals, components, kanji and words

As a novice learner, I'm finding understanding the relationship between radicals, components, kanji and words difficult. For example, this post on tofugu.com says that: The kanji is 町, which means ...
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What is the story behind “peach kanji” 桃?

I wanna know why this kanji is containing the tree kanji 木 + the omen kanji 兆 ? What is the relation between tree and omen to give us a kanji for the peach ? Is it a historical story?
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What is the upper radical in the Kanji 悪?

I recognize the heart radical at the bottom of the kanji 悪, but I cannot make my mind about the upper one. Do you know the name of this radical? Do you also know of another Kanji using this radical? ...
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What semantic role does ⺉/刀(sword/cut) tend to have in Kanji?

判 Has the phonetic component 半, but why the semantic component knife? 刊 has the phonetic component 干, but why the semantic component knife? 剛 has the phonetic part 岡, but why the semantic ...
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1answer
133 views

Is “爿” a 略字--if so, how is it pronounced/written normally?

If not. . .part of how I help myself learn is to translate things that interest me--comics and art and song lyrics now and then. While reading, I ran into this dialogue, starting with "爿に"--and I've ...
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is 𢌬 a variant of 廾, or is it another radical with another meaning?

廾 is part of kanjis like 弁 . 𢌬 is part of kanjis like 発. In Wikipedia 廾 is listed to mean "2 hands" or "twenty". is 𢌬 the same? or does it have another meaning?
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Does the etymology of 星 suggest the japanese/chinese knew the sun was a star?

星 contains the radical 日 meaning sun/day. This makes sense from a modern understanding, as it is well known that the sun was a star. However, it appears this has only been known since the 19th century,...
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226 views

Do radicals mean different things in Japanese and Chinese

Do any radicals have differing meanings between Japanese and Chinese? (This is not a discussion post. Please say whether or not radicals have different meanings between languages and additional ...
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What is the significance of a repeated radical in a Kanji character?

What is the significance (if any) of a repeated radical in a Kanji character? I have been learning Kanji for almost a year now. In the early days my assumption would have been that repeating a ...
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3answers
357 views

Is the 𠆢 radical usually identified as 入 or 人?

I have read the questions that kind of talk about this already: What is the radical of 全? 人 or 入? and Why are there different names for the same kanji radical? However, I would like to ask about ...
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Why is there two different ways of writing the 衣 component?

I notice that 衣 as a kanji component is sometimes written without the third stroke. For example, in 壌, 衣 is written with strokes 13 through to 16: below the horizontal line there are 4 strokes. But ...
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Radicals - components outside the 214 Kangxi (but in Joyo list)

I've been reading many questions here about radicals, and it seems there is some confusion over them. My question is: Apart from the 214 radicals of Kangxi, what are the other components/elements/...
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How do I call the 巾 radical?

Every source I look it says it's called はば AND きん. But in what situation do I call it きん instead of はば? Also, it's usually specified as はばへん and きんへん, in my understanding へん radicals are always on ...
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292 views

What are the left and top right part of 叚(暇{ひま}・霞{かすみ}・蝦{えび}…)?

In RADKFILE, the only radical 暇{ひま}, 霞{かすみ} and 蝦{えび} share is 又. It doesn't have anything for the two other distinct parts of 叚. I haven't seen the parts in other kanji, except that the left one ...
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302 views

How do I know which radical in a character is the primary radical?

I recently acquired The New Nelson Japanese-English Character Dictionary, and all of the characters inside are ordered by radicals. I understand what a radical is in the most basic sense--sub ...
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1answer
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Are there any radicals with immutable position in kanji?

Reading Is there a difference in drawing between the "mouth" and "enclosure" kanji radicals? made me think: does 囗 (enclosure) have to be the outermost radical? Apparently the ...
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Is there a difference in drawing between the “mouth” and “enclosure” kanji radicals?

The two kanji radicals from the image are supposed to be 2 different kanji radicals, one meaning "mouth", and the other meaning "enclosure". I'm not sure if they are supposed to look different or not. ...
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Is there any reason a lot of body parts use the Month/Moon radical?

腕、胸、お腹、肘、脇、肩 are all body parts, and their radical is 月. I wonder how that came to be?
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2answers
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Is this a kanji, a radical or something?

I've seen some kanjis have this figure inside it. It's similar to other radicals and kanjis, but I couldnt find anywhere that it is a kanji or radical of its own. Is this a kanji or a radical by its ...
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1answer
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To describe how to write a kanji, is it more useful to say the radical first, or the base kanji?

When explaining how to write a kanji verbally (by using radicals) is it more natural to say the radical, then the base kanji, or the other way around? Does it matter?: (1)「てへん」に「しろ」でできている漢字の、...
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Can an individual Kanji have more than one radical?

I am learning about radicals and their use in forming an individual Kanji character, but I am wondering if more than one radical can be used in developing one. Thank you.
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Is 云 related to 𠫓 in any way?

Depending on the kanji face the left element 言 in multi-element kanjis like 語 is sometimes depicted with 丶 instead of top 一 . It makes me think that the same transformation occurs for 𠫓: 云 changes to ...
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2answers
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About the kanji 鱈 where 魚's bottom is written as 大

I was looking at the picture of a newspaper during the times of the Hibiya riot (1905) and it took me a while to find the headline word 出鱈目{でたらめ}. In fact, in every dictionary I have checked so far ...
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1answer
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Official radical names (部首{ぶしゅ}名称{めいしょう}) vs radical nicknames (部首{ぶしゅ}通称{つうしょう})

There seems to be a great many nicknames, but only one official name for each radical. I'm thus more inclined to learn the latter, but I'm left wondering about the practicality of that. All of the ...
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Is there a list of “pieces” all the kanjis are made of?

I started to make a list of all the "pieces" (I don't know how to call them) all the joyo kanjis are made of, for me to be easier to memorize all the kanjis (I memorize them by remembering the "pieces"...
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2answers
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Can I use a Chinese newspaper to learn kanji radicals and maybe some kanji?

Upon looking for ways on how to start learning kanji, I have found that many people recommend learning the radicals first. After exposing myself to the radicals, I plan on practicing by spotting them ...
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3answers
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Do all kanji parts have a meaning?

I'm beginner in Japanese, and I was analysing some kanji. I was noticing the parts of 燃. I see a dog there, a fire, another fire, and then there is this 夕 with two strokes in the middle instead of one,...
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1answer
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How often do single dots stick to the top of kanji?

In Chinese, characters with a single dot on top stay separated from the rest of the character. (Eg. Chinese 宝) In kanji, this is frequently not the case - virtually all 宀 characters I see have dots ...
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1answer
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Two Kanji Radicals for “River”?

I was studying some radicals using an app and one of the radicals listed is defined as river and looks like this: 巛 Yet I know the kanji for river looks like: 川 Can anyone explain to me what ...
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1answer
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Why are there different names for the same kanji radical?

I was wondering why some of the names for kanji radicals are different depending on the source. For example, right now I'm learning radicals on kaniwani and they called 「丶」 drop, but on my kanji ...
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1answer
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Why is the order of bottom-left radicals different for some kanji?

In the kanji 道, 週 and so on, the ⻌ radical is written last, then the main element. The same for 建 and 延, in which the top-right component is written first, then the 廴 radical. But in 起, 走 is written ...
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1answer
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Usage of Heisig radical “big”

I'm using RTK to learn the Kanji and yet am pretty happy with it. To review the Kanji I am using an Anki deck. My question is about the usage of Heisig's 大 radical for example in 器. In the book ...
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1answer
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Radicals : How to remember suffix-es, readings and positions?

There are 214 radicals, and their positions can be either Hen, Tsukuri, Ashi/ Ashi Variant, Kanmuri, Nyō, Tare or Kamae/ Kamae Variant. One example 衝(oposition), so this kanji is made of the kanji 行(...
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1answer
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Radicals: がしら (gashira) endings?

Does somebody know for what the [がしら]{gashira} ending stands in radicals like: eight (はちがしら{hachigashira}) winter (ふゆがしら{fuyugashira}), or short thread (いとがしら{itogashira})? Is it part of あし{ashi} (...
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How do you decide the alias of the radical for kanjis such as “字” and “旧”?

I recently came across a document that says the radical of "字" is "こへん". And I think that is wrong. Any "_へん" must be in the left region of a kanji (or is that just a guideline?). The aliases for "子" ...
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1answer
685 views

What are the benefits of learning radicals? [closed]

How useful is it to learn radicals? I have just started learning kanji and while I don't find too difficult so far (I only learned a dozen), I doubt things will go this easily with a couple thousands ...
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533 views

What is the radical of 全? 人 or 入?

I don't have any kanji reference books so I have to rely on kanji sites for kanji information. A lot of websites list 入 (いる) as the radical for 全: Jisho beta (as well as other sites which use the ...
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1answer
369 views

Proper Grass Radical Stroke Order

I was told today that the grass radical, e.g. the top of 花 has a gap in the middle of it, and googling it suggests that it is sometime written like this. Is that strictly in Chinese, is it sloppy, or ...
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2answers
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Kanji radicals: Question to the radical assignment in dictionaries

I was browsing through the webpage of Japanese radicals on wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_of_Japanese_kanji_radicals) I noticed 74 - 月 and 130 - 肉 bot entries are referencing in ...
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What is the radical which is written by two dots on the top of a Kanji?

I have seen a lot of kanjis with two dots on the top as in 前、咲く、呼ぶ、etc. What is that radical? In http://jisho.org/kanji/radicals/, I see they have mentioned this two dot radical in their list, but ...
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Native speakers (basically) don't study radicals. So, how could they be useful for learning kanji? [closed]

In a recent post titled "Kanji identification?" the accepted answer stated that the "parts" for 「烙」 are "fire", "folding chair" and "mouth". Japanese native speakers don't understand what that means. ...
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what is the logic for assigning Kanji characters to certain radicals?

Why is 富 character under 宀 40th radical? why isn't it under 102nd radical 田 ? Why is 仏 character under 人 9th radical? why isn't it under 28nd radical 厶 ? etc. what is the logic for assigning Kanji ...
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Kanji for Hirohito [closed]

I cannot find the kanji for hito, as in the name Hirohito, in my Modern Reader's Japanese-English Character Dictionary (Andrew Nelson). When I searched online I found that the hito was shown as a four ...
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1answer
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Why don't radicals have the same definition for all kanji?

A radical is the portion of a kanji that is used to list that kanji in a kanji dictionary. It could represent the "general" meaning (whatever that is), it could represent the sound, or it could ...
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Is there a reliable translation of the kangxi radicals?

Inspired by the Wikipedia page on Kangxi radicals I decided to study the meaning and writing of radicals before I tackle the much more numerous kanji. But in working my way through the list, I started ...
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kanji composition question — why these radicals for 出?

My explanatory Kanji dictionary lists 山 and 冂 as radicals used in 出. I see how the first one would be used, but cannot understand the reasoning for the second one. I see two alternatives: 冂 is used ...
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1answer
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Are kanji characters made up of radicals only or could they contain strokes that are not radicals?

Inspired by this question of rounded or circular strokes in kanji, I got an idea to prove that there is no circular strokes in kanji by examining all kanji radicals, which is a lot less that examining ...
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1answer
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How can you input and display a radical in a computer text document? [closed]

(I apologize if this question is off-topic on Japanese.SE or is more suitable for SuperUser). I like to write computer notes about what I learn in Japanese. From time to time, I would like to be able ...
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2answers
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What rules are there regarding the role a radical plays in a kanji (such as telling us about the kanji's reading or meaning)?

Are there certain rules for knowing what role a radical plays in a kanji? I've heard sometimes a radical tells us about how to read the kanji, and sometimes it tells us the meaning of the kanji. But ...