Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [punctuation]

句読法. A set of symbols and marks such as the comma and period, typically used to indicate either syntactic structure or to indicate pauses in speech.

16
votes
1answer
914 views

What does it mean when multiple 々 marks follow a 、?

I was glancing at some old manuscripts from the Heian period (左経記 pg. 10) when I saw the following: I know that typically 々 means to repeat the previous kanji, but what does it mean when its ...
4
votes
1answer
300 views

Spaces and end of sentences in まんが

Up until now, I think have I never seen a space in the Japanese textbook I'm using (Genki). However, when I started trying to read this まんが, I realised that, sometimes, there are spaces. Since this ...
6
votes
1answer
143 views

What does te form of verbs mean in these two sentences?

犬は雪の中を走ってボールを取りに行く。 時間がありまして、映画を見ました。 Are the grammar in these two the same? If yes, why is there a comma in the second one and not in the first one?
1
vote
0answers
95 views

Is wrapping punctuation to a new line ok?

I am adding support for Japanese to a PDF generation tool and I noticed that punctuation is sometimes wrapped to a new line. I don't know enough about the Japanese language to know if this is okay or ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Interrupted Dialogue

In English, an em-dash is often used where dialogue is interrupted: Get into the c— Is there an equivalent punctuation in Japanese?
10
votes
1answer
177 views

Are there means (formal rules or conventions) of use-mention distinction in Japanese writing?

With English, when writing and looking to mention a word (as a word vs wanting to use the word as its semantic referent), writers have at their disposal quotation marks (punctuational) and italicized ...
3
votes
2answers
92 views

What does ー mean in this context?

(I'm sorry if it is a duplicate, I tried to search unsuccessfully) After 変わりつつある: 農業の現場で起きている担い手不足によって、日本人の食卓の景色も変わりつつあるー。 取材を通してそうした実感を抱きました。(source) I don't have the impression it generally ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Should I replace commas with と in Japanese?

I have seen many times sentences that connect many objects with と which in English would require comma. So, is it better to generally just replace comma with と whenever connecting many things together?...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Do Japanese use commas or “and”? [duplicate]

In English when we have sentences like I ate an apple, pear and orange we use a comma to separate the words in a list instead of constantly using "and". Does one use commas in Japanese in a ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

Why do some native Japanese speakers put a comma after a particle? [duplicate]

Example: あなたは、きっと日本の抹茶ティーは嫌いだね This is how I'm seeing the sentence: You'll, certainly hate Matcha tea in Japan. Or maybe I'm translating the sentence in the wrong way? Anyhow, could be the ...
0
votes
3answers
209 views

Is it 行 or 行く? I am unsure of which one

I have two sentences: 時々、うみえ行くをが好きです。 and 母はよく週末に祖父と祖母のいえ行、そこでとまリます。 I want to see if both of them are correctly stated, and I believe that the second one might not be. In the first sentence, ...
4
votes
1answer
217 views

Meaning of long horizontal bar in Japanese

――――― What does it mean when there's very long bar? I've encountered this many in novels etc. Also, can someone write the long bar correctly? For some reason there are spaces in my version (5 ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

What do ー, 「, and 」 mean? [duplicate]

I’m a bit new to Japanese and I’m a little confused about what they are used for.
5
votes
1answer
193 views

What's the difference between English & Japanese parenthesis?

I found this sentence while reading よだかの星: よだかは、じっと目をつぶって考えました。(一たい僕は、なぜこうみんなにいやがられるのだろう。) It seems pretty obvious that the parenthetical sentence is the Nightjar's internal monologue... but ...
4
votes
1answer
394 views

What is the meaning of the dot (.) in Japanese dictionaries?

What is the meaning of the dot (.) in Japanese dictionaries? http://tangorin.com/general/%E8%A1%A8 For example: [あらわ.]{arawa.}す{su}
1
vote
4answers
452 views

Meaning of Apostrophe in Words Translated to English

What does an apostrophe (') mean in English translations of Japanese words? For example, an online grammar site says, "When you contract te oku to t'oku…." Although just a beginning-level student, ...
2
votes
2answers
149 views

What does the hyphen in this dictionary entry mean?

What does the hyphen in this dictionary entry mean? どりょく‐か 努力家 In official Japanese-language typesetting, which Unicode character should it be? I suspect it is not the minus sign character on ...
7
votes
1answer
213 views

Quotation Mark Stroke Order

How do Japanese people hand-write the Japanese Quotation Marks (「 」)? Is there a correct stroke order? I am asking specifically about those used in horizontal writing, although I wouldn't mind ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

How to represent prefixes and suffixes in a L2 context

An Anki deck I've downloaded is representing a word as "o-miyage" and "おーみやげ". The deck isn't using any kanji - it's based on JFBP book 1, which doesn't teach any kanji. I've hidden the romaji, so I'm ...
2
votes
3answers
221 views

use of noun then comma and そして

I dont understand this sentence: Action servletは、リクエストのリクエストURLと対応するPATH、そしてACTIONクラスの完全修飾名を定義しているACTIONMAPPINGの集合によりなりたっています。 Does this mean: "the collection 'action'mapping, which defines the ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

Using parentheses (=round brackets) with equals sign

First, I want to say that this is in no way to question the way somebody is writing. I'm just curious. I have noticed that some Japanese people here use parentheses and an equals sign to clarify some ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

What does 「/\」 mean in this sentence?

皆さん、こんにちは! Now, I've been reading 竹取物語 and have come across (another) set of symbols that I've yet to understand. Given the following sentence. かくて翁やう/\豐になり行く。 What does the sudden 「/\」 mean?
6
votes
1answer
233 views

How many syllables does くの字点 affect?

It is my understanding that くの字点{じてん} (seen above) is the "double or multiple repeat marker" in vertical writing. Given that it can be used to repeat two or more syllables, how do you know how many ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does some manga have dots above some of the words? [duplicate]

Potential spoilers for readers of Jojo, but in the top-left-hand corner of this picture there are dots above the word こいつ. Why do some manga have dots above some of the words? I've only noticed this ...
4
votes
5answers
260 views

Is a sentence ending with 誰だ but without か a question?

I found the following sentence in tangorin.com, 台所をこんなに散らかしたのは誰だ。 And it is translated as Who's responsible for this mess in the kitchen? Is it really a question or just a statement? Do we ...
6
votes
2answers
502 views

Is there any Japanese language reason why Google Maps hyphenates some names and not others?

Looking at Google Maps I noticed when translating to Japanese some names are hyphenated and others are not. It seems to be arbitrary but maybe there's some Japanese rule I'm unaware of The first ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the meaning of dots and dashes in kunyomi readings?

I was introduced to jisho.org a few days ago and I find it a really good tool to use while using the Heisig method to learn the readings as I learn the writing and understanding of kanji. I noticed 2 ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

What do comma-like marks along a word mean? [duplicate]

What do comma-like marks along the word 捨て思い mean on book scan below? Update: ah, seems to be duplicate of What are these furigana (or punctuation marks)? and Do Japanese writers use underline for ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Is Japanese em dash equal to Latin em dash?

In Latin characters, we use — to represent the em dash (—) as follows. My home town — a small castle town in San'in ... However, if I use the same — in Japanese ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Questions about multiple particles 「は」and 「を」and interpunct in this sentence

Here is the sentence. 左ジャブと右ストレートのワンツーを覚えた矢吹丈は、力石徹を殴り倒すことだけを目的に地獄の中で生き抜くのですが、改めて読んでみて、これほど面白く・感動的な物語りはそう滅多にはないと、僕は思いました。 Note: This sentence is written vertically. For the second bold 「を」, I am not ...
6
votes
1answer
122 views

Are constructions like listing with 中黒 used in speech?

Example: according to kotobank, one of the definitions of 滑る is 俗に、面白いことをしゃべろうとして失敗する。冗談・ギャグが受けない状態をいう。 I'm curious, are constructions like "冗談・ギャグ" used in speech? If they are, is it basically ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

What does the second of these two Japanese symbols mean? [duplicate]

The first one is fine but I'm not sure about the second one? The first one is "na" and the second one looks like "shi" on its side, facing down, but is it "shi" or something else?
11
votes
2answers
4k views

Usage of spaces in Japanese?

I've never seen spaces before in Japanese. The other day, however, I noticed that Shin Kubota's name in Japanese is often stylized with a space: 久保田 信 which really struck me. It isn't ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

What is the purpose of the comma after the と in 異変と、その影に潜む陰謀を、彼はまだ知らない。

What is the reason for putting this comma in? 異変と、その影に潜む陰謀を、彼はまだ知らない。 As I understand it, the sentence means that he doesn't (yet) know about either the 異変 or the 陰謀. Is this comma here meant to ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

と followed by a comma

In the following sentence イタリアの理論物理学者フェルミ(Enrico Fermi )は,この現象を,原子核の崩壊を引き起こす力と,力を媒介する未知の粒子の存在を仮定することで説明しようとした。 I guess the と followed by a comma means an exhaustive and. But an and of what? I ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Which is more natural? ボディー vs ボディ

Which sentence is more natural? Sentence 1: また、突出部164は、シャフト130と平行にボディ162から延長形成されることができる。 Sentence 2: また、突出部164はシャフト130と平行にボディー162から延長形成されることができる。 Is ボディー a better translation for Body? Or ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Where do sentences begin and end? [closed]

Do you use punctuation in Japanese? Especially when typing on the internet.
2
votes
1answer
331 views

How can I produce Japanese quotation marks?

How can I produce the sort of Japanese quotation marks shown on this book page? I tried ″英語″ but in documents on my computer (Microsoft Word, plain text) it comes out looking like this screenshot: ...
12
votes
3answers
874 views

Spaces in children's books

Written Japanese ordinarily doesn't use any spaces to separate words. But Japanese children's books do. For example, the opening of Tomi Ungerer's The Three Robbers (すてきな 三にんぐみ) あらわれでたのは、 ...
26
votes
1answer
3k views

= sign in a katakana name

I was surprised when I came across this Wikipedia page: アーシュラ・K・ル=グウィン Does someone knows what that = sign is? I can see it works as a separator like 「・」 Is it simply an alternative?
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Do you need a question mark to indicate a question in Japanese?

I was listening to a song and decided to check the lyrics to it. http://www.kasi-time.com/item-74499.html 夜風に吹かれ 考える 好き 嫌い 嫌い 好き 繰り返す Since there were no question marks, so it made me doubt if it ...
2
votes
0answers
203 views

What do dots next to Hiragana mean in literature? [duplicate]

I've been reading more Japanese literature, and in doing so I've come across hiragana with something that looks like 、to the right of some characters where ふりがな would be (keeping in mind that Japanese ...
6
votes
1answer
907 views

How do you indicate line breaks in a poem when it is written without actual line breaks?

In English, if you have a poem, like Roses are red, Violets are blue, Sugar is sweet, And so are you. and you need to write it on just one line (for reasons of space or whatever), you would ...
4
votes
2answers
12k views

ダブルクォートと[鉤括弧]{かぎ・かっ・こ}の使い分けは?

日本語の文章では、引用符として、ダブルクォート(””)も鉤括弧(「」)も両方使用されているのを見たことがあります。もちろん、他の引用符も見たことがありますが、それはさておきます。 ダブルクォートは英文に引用符をつける時に使われているような気がしますが、この使い分けは正式に認められていますか?公文書などではダブルクォートも鉤括弧も使えますか?
2
votes
3answers
1k views

When mixing Japanese and English, should I use Japanese parentheses? [closed]

Should I use Japanese or Western parentheses when inserting a Japanese word into a sentence parenthetically? For example, Japanese uses morae (モーラ) or Japanese uses morae (モーラ) Is there ...
11
votes
2answers
4k views

Middle Dot (中黒) in Non-Japanese Names

My previous question about ellipses (三点リーダー) in Japanese got me thinking about the middle dot (中黒) in foreign names. When I was in college, I learned that if you have a non-Japanese (or, rather, non-...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Ellipsis Usage and Format

I'd like to ask about ellipses in Japanese. First, as I understand, ellipses in Japanese often indicate silence or trailing off at the end of a sentence in casual text communication and manga. I ...
25
votes
1answer
2k views

Why are points used where furigana would be normally?

Sometimes in mangas there are points where you would expect normally furigana. What meaning is it supposed to have?
2
votes
3answers
4k views

How do you punctuate phone numbers in Japanese?

Given the phone number in English: (012) 345-6789 how do you write this in Japanese? Is it: (012)345-6789 or: 012・345・6789 or somewhere in between? My personal research suggests the ...
4
votes
1answer
234 views

Use of a comma to separate a single word

I brushed up on the use of Japanese commas (読点) here, but I don't think it explained this usage I found on 知恵袋. The sentence is this: 忙しい、の対義語に当たる形容詞は何でしょうか。 Why exactly is the OP using the comma ...