Questions tagged [punctuation]

句読法. A set of symbols and marks such as the comma and period, typically used to indicate either syntactic structure or to indicate pauses in speech.

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3
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1answer
107 views

Using commas when chaining verbs

When chaining verbs, especially long sentences during writing, is it common (and grammatically correct) to use commas? For example: 食堂に行って、焼うどんを食べて、帰ってくる Personally, I find it harder to read ...
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1answer
14k views

What do these symbols in manga mean?

In the manga Shinya no Dame Koizukan (深夜のダメ恋図鑑), I spotted four different symbols (marked in red in the picture). The Ψ symbol is even repeated a few times, but I can't figure out what it means. I've ...
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2answers
179 views

How to express “X (and parenthetically Y)”?

When writing in English, quite often I'll want to express a connection between two noun phrases as “X (or Y)” or “X (and Y)”, where the punctuation adds a notion of “Y is a little beside the point, ...
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2answers
3k views

What are these vertical lines called in Japanese?

I was reading the newspaper and saw these vertical lines. I'm guessing it's saying that 川上尚志 is in 広州 or something along those lines. But my question is what are they called and why they are used ...
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1answer
670 views

What does ▲ mean in a newspaper?

I was reading this article and noticed it had some ▲ symbols. 「われわれは欧州合衆国とでもいうべきものを成立させねばならない。その最初の一歩、欧州評議会創設の緊急事業を成功させるためにフランスとドイツは協働しなければならない」。はて、誰の発言か▲実はこれ、根っからの保守主義者でナショナリストだった英国のチャーチルの言葉である。...
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3answers
258 views

If it's okay to remove the punctuation in a modern text format of Kojiki (古事記)

The original version of the Kojiki looks like it has no punctuation whatsoever. I found a more recent text version of Kojiki online though, which has all kinds of punctuation and formatting. It has ...
3
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1answer
139 views

Is there a reason why the 濁点【だくてん】( ゙)are placed below the stroke at ぐ and で as opposed to the other hiragana characters?

Most of the 平仮名【ひらがな】 characters have the 濁点【だくてん】 above the stroke but there are two cases where it is placed below the stroke: がぎげござじずぜぞだぢづどばびぶべぼ ぐで Why?
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1answer
99 views

Is a sentence ending with “か……。” a question or a questionative statement?

I came across the following line inside a Japanese book I'm reading. しかし、 アインにツヴァイか……。 My understanding of the line is different depending on whether it would be a question (because of the か),. ...
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1answer
107 views

In terms of comma placement, does the following rough translation match the Japanese?

In terms of comma placement, does the following rough English translation match the Japanese? 厄介よ、 あの国のマスコミは How bothersome, that country's mass media. I know that in terms of proper English, ...
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1answer
1k views

What does it mean when multiple 々 marks follow a 、?

I was glancing at some old manuscripts from the Heian period (左経記 pg. 10) when I saw the following: I know that typically 々 means to repeat the previous kanji, but what does it mean when its ...
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1answer
335 views

Spaces and end of sentences in まんが

Up until now, I think have I never seen a space in the Japanese textbook I'm using (Genki). However, when I started trying to read this まんが, I realised that, sometimes, there are spaces. Since this ...
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1answer
158 views

What does te form of verbs mean in these two sentences?

犬は雪の中を走ってボールを取りに行く。 時間がありまして、映画を見ました。 Are the grammar in these two the same? If yes, why is there a comma in the second one and not in the first one?
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0answers
115 views

Is wrapping punctuation to a new line ok?

I am adding support for Japanese to a PDF generation tool and I noticed that punctuation is sometimes wrapped to a new line. I don't know enough about the Japanese language to know if this is okay or ...
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1answer
180 views

Interrupted Dialogue

In English, an em-dash is often used where dialogue is interrupted: Get into the c— Is there an equivalent punctuation in Japanese?
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1answer
190 views

Are there means (formal rules or conventions) of use-mention distinction in Japanese writing?

With English, when writing and looking to mention a word (as a word vs wanting to use the word as its semantic referent), writers have at their disposal quotation marks (punctuational) and italicized ...
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2answers
101 views

What does ー mean in this context?

(I'm sorry if it is a duplicate, I tried to search unsuccessfully) After 変わりつつある: 農業の現場で起きている担い手不足によって、日本人の食卓の景色も変わりつつあるー。 取材を通してそうした実感を抱きました。(source) I don't have the impression it generally ...
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0answers
195 views

Should I replace commas with と in Japanese?

I have seen many times sentences that connect many objects with と which in English would require comma. So, is it better to generally just replace comma with と whenever connecting many things together?...
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0answers
115 views

Do Japanese use commas or “and”? [duplicate]

In English when we have sentences like I ate an apple, pear and orange we use a comma to separate the words in a list instead of constantly using "and". Does one use commas in Japanese in a ...
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0answers
120 views

Why do some native Japanese speakers put a comma after a particle? [duplicate]

Example: あなたは、きっと日本の抹茶ティーは嫌いだね This is how I'm seeing the sentence: You'll, certainly hate Matcha tea in Japan. Or maybe I'm translating the sentence in the wrong way? Anyhow, could be the ...
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3answers
242 views

Is it 行 or 行く? I am unsure of which one

I have two sentences: 時々、うみえ行くをが好きです。 and 母はよく週末に祖父と祖母のいえ行、そこでとまリます。 I want to see if both of them are correctly stated, and I believe that the second one might not be. In the first sentence, ...
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1answer
398 views

Meaning of long horizontal bar in Japanese

――――― What does it mean when there's very long bar? I've encountered this many in novels etc. Also, can someone write the long bar correctly? For some reason there are spaces in my version (5 ...
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1answer
4k views

What do ー, 「, and 」 mean? [duplicate]

I’m a bit new to Japanese and I’m a little confused about what they are used for.
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1answer
256 views

What's the difference between English & Japanese parenthesis?

I found this sentence while reading よだかの星: よだかは、じっと目をつぶって考えました。(一たい僕は、なぜこうみんなにいやがられるのだろう。) It seems pretty obvious that the parenthetical sentence is the Nightjar's internal monologue... but ...
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1answer
465 views

What is the meaning of the dot (.) in Japanese dictionaries?

What is the meaning of the dot (.) in Japanese dictionaries? http://tangorin.com/general/%E8%A1%A8 For example: [あらわ.]{arawa.}す{su}
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4answers
822 views

Meaning of Apostrophe in Words Translated to English

What does an apostrophe (') mean in English translations of Japanese words? For example, an online grammar site says, "When you contract te oku to t'oku…." Although just a beginning-level student, ...
3
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2answers
179 views

What does the hyphen in this dictionary entry mean?

What does the hyphen in this dictionary entry mean? どりょく‐か 努力家 In official Japanese-language typesetting, which Unicode character should it be? I suspect it is not the minus sign character on ...
6
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1answer
306 views

Quotation Mark Stroke Order

How do Japanese people hand-write the Japanese Quotation Marks (「 」)? Is there a correct stroke order? I am asking specifically about those used in horizontal writing, although I wouldn't mind ...
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1answer
105 views

How to represent prefixes and suffixes in a L2 context

An Anki deck I've downloaded is representing a word as "o-miyage" and "おーみやげ". The deck isn't using any kanji - it's based on JFBP book 1, which doesn't teach any kanji. I've hidden the romaji, so I'm ...
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3answers
277 views

use of noun then comma and そして

I dont understand this sentence: Action servletは、リクエストのリクエストURLと対応するPATH、そしてACTIONクラスの完全修飾名を定義しているACTIONMAPPINGの集合によりなりたっています。 Does this mean: "the collection 'action'mapping, which defines the ...
2
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1answer
242 views

Using parentheses (=round brackets) with equals sign

First, I want to say that this is in no way to question the way somebody is writing. I'm just curious. I have noticed that some Japanese people here use parentheses and an equals sign to clarify some ...
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1answer
2k views

What does 「/\」 mean in this sentence?

皆さん、こんにちは! Now, I've been reading 竹取物語 and have come across (another) set of symbols that I've yet to understand. Given the following sentence. かくて翁やう/\豐になり行く。 What does the sudden 「/\」 mean?
6
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1answer
272 views

How many syllables does くの字点 affect?

It is my understanding that くの字点{じてん} (seen above) is the "double or multiple repeat marker" in vertical writing. Given that it can be used to repeat two or more syllables, how do you know how many ...
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2answers
3k views

Why does some manga have dots above some of the words? [duplicate]

Potential spoilers for readers of Jojo, but in the top-left-hand corner of this picture there are dots above the word こいつ. Why do some manga have dots above some of the words? I've only noticed this ...
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5answers
296 views

Is a sentence ending with 誰だ but without か a question?

I found the following sentence in tangorin.com, 台所をこんなに散らかしたのは誰だ。 And it is translated as Who's responsible for this mess in the kitchen? Is it really a question or just a statement? Do we ...
6
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2answers
522 views

Is there any Japanese language reason why Google Maps hyphenates some names and not others?

Looking at Google Maps I noticed when translating to Japanese some names are hyphenated and others are not. It seems to be arbitrary but maybe there's some Japanese rule I'm unaware of The first ...
5
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1answer
3k views

What is the meaning of dots and dashes in kunyomi readings?

I was introduced to jisho.org a few days ago and I find it a really good tool to use while using the Heisig method to learn the readings as I learn the writing and understanding of kanji. I noticed 2 ...
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0answers
67 views

What do comma-like marks along a word mean? [duplicate]

What do comma-like marks along the word 捨て思い mean on book scan below? Update: ah, seems to be duplicate of What are these furigana (or punctuation marks)? and Do Japanese writers use underline for ...
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3answers
3k views

Is Japanese em dash equal to Latin em dash?

In Latin characters, we use — to represent the em dash (—) as follows. My home town — a small castle town in San'in ... However, if I use the same — in Japanese ...
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2answers
180 views

Questions about multiple particles 「は」and 「を」and interpunct in this sentence

Here is the sentence. 左ジャブと右ストレートのワンツーを覚えた矢吹丈は、力石徹を殴り倒すことだけを目的に地獄の中で生き抜くのですが、改めて読んでみて、これほど面白く・感動的な物語りはそう滅多にはないと、僕は思いました。 Note: This sentence is written vertically. For the second bold 「を」, I am not ...
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1answer
130 views

Are constructions like listing with 中黒 used in speech?

Example: according to kotobank, one of the definitions of 滑る is 俗に、面白いことをしゃべろうとして失敗する。冗談・ギャグが受けない状態をいう。 I'm curious, are constructions like "冗談・ギャグ" used in speech? If they are, is it basically ...
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0answers
92 views

What does the second of these two Japanese symbols mean? [duplicate]

The first one is fine but I'm not sure about the second one? The first one is "na" and the second one looks like "shi" on its side, facing down, but is it "shi" or something else?
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2answers
7k views

Usage of spaces in Japanese?

I've never seen spaces before in Japanese. The other day, however, I noticed that Shin Kubota's name in Japanese is often stylized with a space: 久保田 信 which really struck me. It isn't ...
4
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1answer
98 views

What is the purpose of the comma after the と in 異変と、その影に潜む陰謀を、彼はまだ知らない。

What is the reason for putting this comma in? 異変と、その影に潜む陰謀を、彼はまだ知らない。 As I understand it, the sentence means that he doesn't (yet) know about either the 異変 or the 陰謀. Is this comma here meant to ...
3
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1answer
124 views

と followed by a comma

In the following sentence イタリアの理論物理学者フェルミ(Enrico Fermi )は,この現象を,原子核の崩壊を引き起こす力と,力を媒介する未知の粒子の存在を仮定することで説明しようとした。 I guess the と followed by a comma means an exhaustive and. But an and of what? I ...
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1answer
131 views

Which is more natural? ボディー vs ボディ

Which sentence is more natural? Sentence 1: また、突出部164は、シャフト130と平行にボディ162から延長形成されることができる。 Sentence 2: また、突出部164はシャフト130と平行にボディー162から延長形成されることができる。 Is ボディー a better translation for Body? Or ...
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1answer
128 views

Where do sentences begin and end? [closed]

Do you use punctuation in Japanese? Especially when typing on the internet.
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1answer
490 views

How can I produce Japanese quotation marks?

How can I produce the sort of Japanese quotation marks shown on this book page? I tried ″英語″ but in documents on my computer (Microsoft Word, plain text) it comes out looking like this screenshot: ...
14
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3answers
981 views

Spaces in children's books

Written Japanese ordinarily doesn't use any spaces to separate words. But Japanese children's books do. For example, the opening of Tomi Ungerer's The Three Robbers (すてきな 三にんぐみ) あらわれでたのは、 ...
27
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1answer
4k views

= sign in a katakana name

I was surprised when I came across this Wikipedia page: アーシュラ・K・ル=グウィン Does someone knows what that = sign is? I can see it works as a separator like 「・」 Is it simply an alternative?
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3answers
7k views

Do you need a question mark to indicate a question in Japanese?

I was listening to a song and decided to check the lyrics to it. http://www.kasi-time.com/item-74499.html 夜風に吹かれ 考える 好き 嫌い 嫌い 好き 繰り返す Since there were no question marks, so it made me doubt if it ...