Questions tagged [pronunciation]

発音. How the Japanese language i​s pronounced. For questions about which readings to use for particular kanji, use the "readings" tag instead.

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6
votes
2answers
171 views

How to pronounce noun compounds

How do I determine the pronounication of compound nouns such as 来年夏. Obviously 来年の夏 is pronounced らいねんのなつ but what happens when I remove the の? Does it just become らいねんなつ? My guess from everything I'...
6
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1answer
753 views

Are Japanese speakers likely to confuse “message” and “massage” in English?

I've occasionally noticed native speakers of Japanese using "massage" when they mean "message", but I can't recall native speakers of other languages mistaking the two. As far as I know, both "massage"...
6
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2answers
1k views

Why are Japanese vowels occasionally rhotacised in songs?

This might be a bit weird, but when I listen to Japanese music, sometimes I notice "r"-like sounds in syllable-final positions, or between vowels where there should be no [r]. I know that /r/ is not ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Pronunciation of the Japanese ん and nasalized vowels

I've been trying to grasp how ん sounds when placed after a vowel. Apparently the vowel becomes nasalized (and extended?) but does it get rid of the n sound completely then? If so wouldn't ほん have its ...
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4answers
2k views

Is it possible to algorithmically convert Japanese text to Romaji?

I am a programmer and I recently wrote two browser extensions, one will translate English text to "pronunciation" replacing all words founf on a web page, and another will replace all Chinese ...
5
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2answers
561 views

How is アェ pronounced?

A video game I've been playing has the following word in it: アェウクス I'm not familiar with アェ. Does it represent a specific sound? If so, what sound? If it makes sense to do so, please include アィ・...
5
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1answer
288 views

Pronunciation of Ōsaka / 大阪 / おおさか / オオサカ

Is the difference in pronunciations of Ōsaka in Google Translate different for the same reasons as "Sayaka" ? I acknowledge this may be a dupe.
5
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1answer
280 views

日曜日,the different meanings and pronunciations of 日

I am not sure about the pronunciation rules of kanji in Japanese. I understand that there are several pronunciations for each kanji, and I am wondering how native speakers decide when to use which ...
5
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1answer
240 views

The yomikata of 十三

This has been obsessing me for quite a while. While 十三 is normally pronounced ジュウサン, it is often pronounced ジュウゾウ in people's names and also pronounced ジュウソウ in names of places. I am wondering how ...
5
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2answers
480 views

Use of Dash or Hyphen in Telephone Numbers

If reading out a telephone number e.g. 123-456789 Denwa bangō wa ichi ni san - yon go roku nana hachi kyū desu What is the dash / hyphen called? Is it spoken? If so how is it pronounced or how do ...
5
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2answers
572 views

Pronunciation of 家

In this sentence: ゆうむら家の3人は、半年前にこの家を購入し、転居してきた。 この家を is pronounced as "kono yo" as opposed to "kono ie o". And this phrase あんたは一人でこの家から学校に通っている。 この家 is pronounced as "kono ye" as opposed to "...
5
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3answers
215 views

Should 「ソウル」 be pronounced as “so u ru” or “so: ru”?

According to the ipadic attached to Mecab, it's "so u ru". According to the bccwj dict attached to Julius, it's "so: ru". Which one is correct? Or are they both OK?
5
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1answer
173 views

Pitch accent pattern for verb stem + な

I've only ever heard this form be used in the command "待ちな!" (Wait!), but just out of curiosity, I'd like to know what pitch accent rule(s) apply here. I thought I'd heard the above-mentioned phrase ...
5
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3answers
2k views

Repeated word puzzle – 庭には二羽鶏がいる

I am thinking of adding more Japanese words or phrases, that have the same pronunciation as には has, to the following sentence. 庭{にわ}には二{に}羽{わ}鶏{にわとり}がいる。 Could you help me to find such words (if ...
5
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1answer
144 views

「実父」's pronunciation

I have always pronounced the word [実父]{じっぷ}, and it seems the dictionaries agree. (jisho.org. Also WWWJDIC, I would put a link here, but it seems the link I get on WWWJDIC is dynamic and the content ...
5
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1answer
558 views

How to pronounce 0.11% in Japanese?

Sometimes I heard people refer 0.11% as レイテン イチイチ パーセント While others believe レイテン ジュウイチ パーセント is more correct. Which version is more popularly accepted?
5
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1answer
319 views

Confusion with pronunciation in some words: 'm' and 'n' sounds when there is 'g'

It has been bugging me for a while; I'm using memrise for learning and for example: ちゅうごく china -> I hear it pronounced chumoku かがくscience -> I hear it pronounced kanaku Is this an error from ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Why is “UFO” pronounced as if it were a word?

In English, "UFO" (Unidentified flying object) is generally pronounced with each letter being pronounced. By contrast, I've read in my textbook that in Japanese, "UFO" is pronounced "ユーフォー". Is ...
5
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1answer
291 views

Two stations written with the same kanji but pronounced differently — why?

The JR Nara line and the Keihan Uji line are almost parallel on their way through southeastern Kyoto and Uji. In most areas, both have a station and the names are clearly related if not identical (e.g....
5
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2answers
518 views

Pronouncing ない as ねい / ねえ (also ~oi to ~ei)

I noticed that in anime and other Japanese shows, people often pronounce 「ない」 as 「ねい」. For example, instead of saying 「使わない」, the person will say 「使わねい」, but the translation is the same. I have many ...
5
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1answer
302 views

Pronunciation of 書 when by itself (meaning “book” / “piece of writing”)

I am just beginning to read book reviews in Japanese, starting with this one at 小説すばる. I'm noticing that quite often the kanji 書 appears by itself, in phrases like: 書の内容 幅広いジャンルの書 さまざまな書に敬意を払い and ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Does おお sound different from おう?

I know おう sounds like a long o, but does おお sound the same, or should it be pronounced differently?
5
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1answer
351 views

How to pronounce 繁栄 han'ei?

How to pronounce 繁栄 han'ei? Is there a glottal stop between the two syllables? Is it //haɴʔeː//, //haɴeː//, //haŋʔeː// or //haŋeː//?
5
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2answers
237 views

Pronunciation of n+y consonants

I recently learned the word 運輸{うんゆ}, which has ん immediately followed by ゆ. However, seeing this made me wonder in what way this is different to にゅ. I can't imagine that there's much of a difference ...
5
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1answer
540 views

what is the meaning of 腹んばいになって?

What is the meaning of 腹んばい and 腹んばいになって? Also, is it read 「はらんばい」? I understand that 腹んばい悪い seems to mean 'get mad' (腹が立つ), but this other usage seems like it isn't about anger. Here is the ...
5
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1answer
146 views

Inaccurate ruby for 等?

I'm reading a book that contains this sentence: 携帯やパソコンでのメール等{とう}のやり取りすらしていない・・・ My first instinct is to read 等 as など, but it has explicitly been given the pronunciation とう via the ruby characters ...
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3answers
259 views

激情 and its pronunciation

I've heard the じょう being pronounced as some kind of voiceless fricative in multiple works of entertainment, especially in the case of 激情. Is it some kind of remnant phoneme from old Japanese or is it ...
5
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1answer
580 views

Native pronunciation of the character "し”

I have recently become aware of the difference between the English and Japanese "sh" sounds, which I understand are formalized as the palato-alveolar fricative [ʃ] and the voiceless alveolo-palatal ...
5
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2answers
382 views

Open /o/ and closed /e/ - what are these allophones?

Some speakers, mainly middle-aged and older males, sometimes pronounce ねえ as [ne:], i.e. with a more closed variant of the usual /e/-sound, let's call it [ɛ]. There are also speakers for the same ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Pronunciation of 日 in compound words

I learnt from my teacher that the days of the month from 1 to 10 use kun and irregular pronunciations: 一日: ついたち (irregular) 二日: ふつか (kun) 三日: みっか (kun) ... 十日: とおか (kun) But for words like 一日目, 二日間 ...
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2answers
342 views

How to pronounce 体?

Does anyone have any tips on how to pronounce 体{からだ}. I can do ら and だ fine by themselves/in different words, but when they're right next to each other I really struggle to make both sounds ...
5
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0answers
111 views

Why is “there” pronounced あそこ and not just あこ? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Irregularity of あ-series in demonstratives Maybe this is a little hard to answer, but I'm curious why the typical これ/それ/あれ pattern doesn't apply to ここ/そこ/あそこ. Is anyone ...
4
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3answers
8k views

Why are し/ち transliterated as 'shi'/'chi', and not 'si'/'ti'?

In Japanese あいうえお are pronounced 'a i u e o', かきくけこ are pronounced 'ka ki ku ke ko'. The spelling is simple and natural. However, when it comes to サ行, さしすせそ, its relevant roman spelling is 'sa shi su ...
4
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1answer
817 views

町{ちょう}、町{まち}、街{がい}、街{まち} - how to pick the correct pronunciation?

I've grown accustomed to enunciating both 町 and 街 as まち in my head but it turns out this may have been totally incorrect, as 三省堂{さんせいど} lists two possible pronunciations for 町 and only one (がい) for 街 -...
4
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2answers
774 views

Pronunciation of the hiragana け and か

I have just started learning hiragana, and am confused about the pronunciation of some of them. I have heard some pronunciation guides for け which say it should sound like kay, and some which say it ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Dakuten on る character

I saw a dakuten used on a る, but it doesn't seem to exist in basic rules. My assumption is it's some sort of slang or implied definition as opposed to "proper" Japanese (it was in a manga). Does ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Can genki be pronounced as henki?

I've watched a few anime and keep coming across a word that sounds like "henki". In the subtitles, the sentences are like "Are you ok?", "How are you feeling?". With those translations, I'd expect the ...
4
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2answers
1k views

How do I read 通常版?

According to jisho.org, 通常 is pronounced as つうじょう. I don't know how to pronounce 版 in 通常版. How is it pronounced?
4
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2answers
270 views

Is it correct to read 黒川 as くろかわ or is くろがわ correct?

I always run into this problem. Sometimes か and が are very similar to me so I have to type them in the computer to find the correct pronunciation of word. When I type くろがわ or くろかわ they both give me ...
4
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2answers
312 views

思う pronunciation

I checked in google translate but I wanted to be sure. Is 思う pronounced as "omou" or "omoo"? Usually when there is a お (or こ、ど etc), followed by a う, the う is pronounced as お, but I was not sure if ...
4
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2answers
292 views

Voiced stops pronounced as their unaspirated voiceless counterparts

In this Japanese song, there is a line saying: まるで夢かまぼろし The /d/ in 「で」 and the /b/ in 「ぼ」 sound to me as if they (especially the /b/) are pronounced as unaspirated /t/ and /p/ respectively. ...
4
votes
2answers
363 views

Pronouncing sumimasen (すみません), implications of extending the -se(せ) and eliding the n(ん)

When pronouncing "sumimasen" (すみません), sometimes native speakers will elide the "-n"(ん) and elongate it, sort of like "sumimaseee~". This is the same and not a conjugation I would assume? Might anyone ...
4
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1answer
163 views

Difference between おじいさん and おじさん

I'm wondering if there is much difference in the pronunciation of the words or intonation of them. Is it just the long vowel?
4
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1answer
486 views

How to pronounce 自払

ゆうちょ銀行 uses 自払 in the description of automatic payment transactions. I guess 自払 is an abbreviation of 自動支払. Should 自払 be pronounced as じはらい?
4
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2answers
182 views

Is it ok to read こみち as komiti?

I think it should probably be pronounced as komichi or komich.
4
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2answers
379 views

前 in 十年前の話 - ぜん, まえ, or さき?

十年前の話 I'm not sure how 前 is supposed to be read in constructs like these. Is it safe to assume that because 十年{じゅうねん} is 音読み then I should use the whole thing as じゅうんえんぜん (IME is returning both ...
4
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1answer
2k views

When would I use ふん instead of ぷん?

What's the difference for using these? Examples: さんじごじゅうぷん ろくじよんじゅうごふん
4
votes
2answers
249 views

Pronunciation difference: イオ/イヨ

Is there a sound difference between イオ and イヨ (I can't hear a difference)? When asked to spell baiorin in katakana I tend to mistake バイオリン with バイヨリン.
4
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1answer
342 views

Omitting half of a letter in Japanese

Specifically when transcribing foreign words into katakana, it is often implied that half of a letter is dropped in pronunciation. Take for example メルボルン, the Japanese import of the Australian city ...
4
votes
2answers
374 views

Pronunciation: W杯?

From Jim Breen's EDICT: ワールドカップ, ダブルはい 【W杯】 What is most commonly used? Is W ever pronounced the same as 'W' in English and not ダブル? Will people ever say: ダブルカップ? ワールドはい? I know everyone ...

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