Questions tagged [pronunciation]

発音. How the Japanese language i​s pronounced. For questions about which readings to use for particular kanji, use the "readings" tag instead.

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5
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1answer
267 views

日曜日,the different meanings and pronunciations of 日

I am not sure about the pronunciation rules of kanji in Japanese. I understand that there are several pronunciations for each kanji, and I am wondering how native speakers decide when to use which ...
2
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1answer
67 views

The pronunciation of the Japanese translation of dictionary

the pronunciation of 辞書 is jisho, however, why does it sound like jishyo in prerecorded pronunciation online?
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0answers
109 views

Listening, I mistake R for any of L, R or even D. Is there any exercise to improve my ability to hear this sound correctly?

I'm learning Japanese at an advanced age, and I'm having difficulty hearing R. Depending on the speaker, I hear one of three different consonants: R, or L but also it can sound like a D. In the first ...
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1answer
553 views

How to pronounce 0.11% in Japanese?

Sometimes I heard people refer 0.11% as レイテン イチイチ パーセント While others believe レイテン ジュウイチ パーセント is more correct. Which version is more popularly accepted?
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1answer
208 views

“z” sound, which to choose?

I've read about if "z" sound is pronounced /z/ or /dz/ and found the answer here that: Typically, though not consistently, [dz] occurs at the beginning of a word or in the middle of a word ...
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80 views

Writing conventions / pronounciations for words with っ

I'm currently trying to figure out on how to do karaoke for some songs and I got a bit confused about the following. So let's say you have the words like ずっと [zutto] のって [notte] How would you ...
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0answers
107 views

Pronunciations of と/ど, た/だ, ち/じ [duplicate]

I am a Japanese beginner, and a lot of times I find it hard to distinguish the pronunciations betweenた/だ, と/ど, ちじ etc. For example, わたし, the pre-record pronunciation online sounds like “wadashi” to me;...
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1answer
1k views

things that look like long vowels but aren't

Are there words written with "ei" or "ou" that are pronounced with both vowels instead of as a long vowel? I think this is true in cases like 拾う and している, but are there cases of it happening where you'...
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1answer
173 views

Pronuncation of r in Japanese name [duplicate]

I'm not sure if this is the right place to post this but I was wondering how one would pronounce the Japanese name Reita when speaking English. Should it be [leːtə], [reːtə], or something else? For ...
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1answer
120 views

Why are some names pronounced differently from their on-yomi and kun-yomi?

I'm learning how Japanese names work for a story I'm writing and creating names is one of the most fun things I've done in some time. However, it comes with a share of frustrations. One for me is that ...
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3answers
7k views

Why is 「昨夜」 pronounced as 「ゆうべ」 {yuube} and 「今日」 as 「きょう」 {kyou}?

「ゆう」 is neither the kun'yomi nor on'yomi of 「昨」 and 「べ」 is not a pronunciation of 「夜」 either. The same can be said about the pronunciation 「きょう」 for 「今日」. So how come the pronunciations of the two ...
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0answers
65 views

Why is 鬼蜘 pronuenced おにぐも and not おにくも? [duplicate]

I noticed that sometimes the pronunciation changes when combining words. An other example is 不死斬り (ふしぎり) and 腹切り (はらきり); both 斬り and 切り are pronounced きり independently but only in 不死斬り is 斬り ...
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1answer
637 views

How to pronounce 1ターン?

I've seen the phrase 1ターン1度 "once per turn" used in the Yu-Gi-Oh! Card game, so it seems like ターン is a legit counter. But I'm not sure how to pronounce it. From what I've googled so far, some people ...
6
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2answers
267 views

Why is 輩 in 先輩 pronounced ぱい while 輩 in 後輩 is pronounced はい?

I wonder in this case if there is any rule that turns H to P.
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1answer
76 views

Pronunciation of verbs ending in う

One of the things you learn when studying Japanese is that おう is pronounced like a long おお as in words like そうです (soo desu), but I would like to know if this rule also applies to verbs because there ...
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1answer
110 views

Are they the same: コショウ vs コショー

The question is are these two pronounced the same. If they are how would one know how to spell them. This applies to any case of ウ vs 一.
2
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1answer
167 views

Does this Kanji: 全効答 (Zen kō Kotae) mean “total efficiency” or at least convey it symbolically?

I've been playing around with using Kanji as a quick way to convey a company's goals and/or ideals. As I understand it, Zen 全 means "whole/complete", Kō 効 means "efficiency/result" and Kotae 答え means "...
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1answer
278 views

Pronunciation of Ōsaka / 大阪 / おおさか / オオサカ

Is the difference in pronunciations of Ōsaka in Google Translate different for the same reasons as "Sayaka" ? I acknowledge this may be a dupe.
2
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1answer
324 views

Transcription and pronunciation of words that had “wi” in them in English and are「ウィ」in Japanese

I was looking up how the name Will Smith is pronounced and written in Japanese. Why does "Will" become 「ウィル」? I would have expected ワ to be used instead for the first sound. I found mentions of the "...
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1answer
128 views

Is the し in はじめまして pronounced as “shi” or as “sh”? [duplicate]

Is this always the case for words that end in して similar to how です is pronounced "des"?
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2answers
244 views

Pronunciation difference: イオ/イヨ

Is there a sound difference between イオ and イヨ (I can't hear a difference)? When asked to spell baiorin in katakana I tend to mistake バイオリン with バイヨリン.
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1answer
125 views

How do I pronounce/Translate this last name: マッキェネン into english?

I'm translating this book, and the character's full name pops up as " クロウディア=マッキェネン". I managed to translate the first name as Claudia, but I don't know if I should use McCunnen, McCullen, or some ...
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1answer
151 views

How to read mp3 in Japanese?

If I read it word by word in Japanese, it would be 'em pi san'. But, I once heard someone read it quite differently. How is it read in Japanese?
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2answers
204 views

Unvoiced vowels in katakana: special case?

When foreign words or proper names are used in Japanese, some modifications are necessary, in particular a lot of vowels are introduced. E.g. 'plastic' (two syllables) becomes プラスチック (five). In this ...
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3answers
317 views

When is お pronounced「ä」instead of「ō」?

Most often お is pronounced [ō], however sometimes I hear an [ä] instead. It might be arbitrary, but it sounds so consistent to me, thus I ask, are there? And if so, what are they?
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2answers
282 views

Are words always pronounced as spelled?

I came across the word ケーブルカー, or cable-car. Based on the pronunciation I have, the ブ and ル are pronounced like one syllable (like 'brr') instead of two like I expected ('bu ru'). Is this an ...
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3answers
3k views

Actual phonetic realization of “devoiced” vowels

Descriptions of Japanese phonology (such as Wikipedia's) usually describe high vowels between voiceless consonants (or word-finally) as "devoiced". For example, the pronunciation of ⟨圧⟩ 'pressure' and ...
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1answer
172 views

How to Read 醤玉子?

I know that 玉子 is read "tamago". I also know that 醤油 is read "shouyu". I can imagine that 醤玉子 refers to the boiled egg that is submerged in soy sauce. How do you read it though? I assume it's read ...
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1answer
98 views

Difference between おじいさん and おじさん

I'm wondering if there is much difference in the pronunciation of the words or intonation of them. Is it just the long vowel?
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1answer
160 views

Is it common for Kanjis to have several pronounciation like for 乾?

While doing introductionary courses of Japanese, I stumble on a fact that afrights me about the difficulty of the language. When congratulating each other around a drink: 乾杯 the Kanji 乾 is ...
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3answers
5k views

How do you write the sound “wu”?

As in "Wu Tang" or something similar. Would it be something like ウゥ? I know that "wool" is written as ウール, but 1) the "woo" sound is pronounced slightly differently than "wu", and 2) ウール doesn't ...
22
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2answers
14k views

Why is the Japanese currency pronounced “yen” in English?

I'm wondering what the reason for the mispronunciation of 円 in English came to be "yen". I can understand how some words like 東京 became "Tokyo", but "en" to "yen" seems strange. On a side note, why is ...
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1answer
160 views

What are the common practice of reading names of modern Chinese people?

From what I've seen from the Japanese Wikipedia, names of communist figures (Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Xi Jinping) seem to be read with on'yomi (Mou Takutou, Tou Shouhei, Shuu Kinpei). On the other ...
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1answer
202 views

Pronunciation Troubles with トラブル and トラブる: Loanwords with both noun and verb ending in ru mora

Following this comment: What is the difference in pronunciation or pitch accent between: トラブル and トラブる ダブル and ダブる What are the regional differences (if any)? Is the pronunciation rule ...
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4answers
1k views

Do native speakers think of prolonged vowels as one long vowel, or two vowel sounds following each other?

In a native speaker's mental model, are long vowel sounds - for example the おう in 「教室」 the ああ in 「唐揚げ」, the えい in 「先生」 or just 「いい」 (I chose these examples quite deliberately, since they represent ...
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2answers
108 views

Do words differing only in the voicedness of consonants act as functionally homophonous?

In Japanese, there are some sound differences that clearly distinguish words from one another, such as falling on a different 行 or 段 on the 五十音 ([傘]{かさ} vs. [風]{かぜ} or [友]{とも} vs その); while other ...
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1answer
101 views

What's the difference between these two names?

オタ オター I want a name translated but not sure which to pick, what sounds the best and what's the difference between them? The name which I'm trying to translate is "Oter".
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1answer
466 views

Do native speakers pronounce long vowels えい or おう as one long vowel, or two different vowels?

In Japanese, long vowels ā, ī, ū are written as ああ (aa), いい (ii), うう (uu). However, ē and ō, in most cases, written as えい (ei) and おう (ou), but in other cases as ええ (ee) and おお (oo). For example: 先生{...
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2answers
672 views

Why does Duolingo say that 中 is pronounced “naka” but spelled ちゅう?

I am currently doing the beta course for Japaneses on duolingo. In one of the lessons, I was confronted with this question which I kept getting wrong: When I play the sound, the voice clearly says "...
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3answers
2k views

How are し, ち, and じ pronounced differently than in English?

I know that sh, ch, and j are pronounced differently in Chinese than in English, but what about Japanese? I have read that し, ち, じ are pronounced slightly differently than they would be in English (...
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1answer
228 views

On hiragana, romaji and pronunciation

I have heard a Japanese teacher explain how long vowels should be pronounced and how they should be written when using hiragana. That's what I saw on the whiteboard: がっこう - gakkoo, (not gakkou) Is ...
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2answers
630 views

ほ /ho/ pronunciation

I've just started using Mango's On-the-Go (meaning "audio-only version") Japanese course. (It's free from my library. They also have Pimsleur, though their only copy is in use right now.) I think I'...
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7answers
76k views

Why do Japanese speakers have difficulty pronouncing “L”?

Why is it that native speakers of Japanese have a hard time pronouncing "l"? Whenever a western word contains "L" I see that they pronounce it "ru", "ra", "ro", "ri", or "re".
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3answers
182 views

How do I read 上 in ご注文の際は予めそちらをご了承の上お願い致します? What does it mean?

ご注文の際は予めそちらをご了承の上お願い致します。 How do I read the 上? うえ? or じょう? What is the meaning of 上 in that sentence?
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1answer
83 views

Why the pronunciation of some words is different than their components? [duplicate]

美味しい is being pronounced おいしい, but it is not the sum of the way its kanji components are being pronounced. I think I have also seen it in some other words. So why is that the pronunciation of some ...
6
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2answers
160 views

How to pronounce noun compounds

How do I determine the pronounication of compound nouns such as 来年夏. Obviously 来年の夏 is pronounced らいねんのなつ but what happens when I remove the の? Does it just become らいねんなつ? My guess from everything I'...
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1answer
221 views

今しかない!! pronouncation

My memory from playing the VN that the sentence is based off of is 87% certain in the protagonist's voice pronouncing the above as "YareshKA-nai!!" and meaning something similar to "I have to do ...
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1answer
115 views

Different pronunciations of 主

I just stumbled across this - rather simple - sentence from the novel 堕落の王: それは魔王の意思ですらない。その目的は力の使用だけで、結果には興味すら抱かない。 ただ、主を見ていた。 It wasn't even the demon lord's will. His goal was only to ...
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2answers
2k views

How do we decide if 中 is ちゅう or じゅう?

How do we decide if 中 is ちゅう or じゅう ? For example, in this sentence 10人中3人はビデオを持っている which pronunciation should we use? What about this: そのピアニストの演奏中、彼らは一心に耳を傾けた。
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1answer
464 views

Ocha in Hiragana [duplicate]

I'm pretty early into learning Japanese. I've started learning hiragana, when writing "ocha" in hiragana I've noticed it comes up as おちゃ now I know お is "o" and normally ち is "chi" while ゃ is ya. Now ...

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