Questions tagged [pronouns]

代名詞. Words that substitute for a noun or noun phrase.

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8
votes
2answers
1k views

Usage of いる/います and ある/あります in combined words and sentences

Actually, this has been lingering for sometime in my mind about how Japanese convey a sentence which has both the living and non-living things. Will Japanese use いる or ある? or whichever comes first? or ...
4
votes
1answer
191 views

Please help me identify who does what in this sentence and check the translation

Here is the sentence: 妹に車で駅まで迎えに行かせます。 The translation from Tatoeba is I will have my sister pick you up at the station. I've been reading "Making Sense of Japanese: What the Textbooks Don't ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

How to address readers/viewers in an article or video?

How should one address readers or viewers in a published work? For example, it is common in English language articles and videos these days to end by asking the viewer to share their opinion in a ...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

Speaking in first person without saying "I"

For example: 今日から明日まで勉強します。 kyou kara ashita made benkyou shimasu. How do I know that the speaker talks about themselves?
1
vote
1answer
130 views

How can I explain about someone who is beside without saying their name for example "he likes to eat fruits"

Is it possible for me to use あの人は その人は この人は to address somebody (instead of using their name) who is beside me because i'm doing a presentation and i'm required to describe somebody but that person ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I say "the other person"?

I want to write a small dialogue. How do I say "the other person says/answers etc."? Then, one said...and the other replied... When names are available I usually use those to indicate who says what,...
4
votes
2answers
293 views

Pronoun collocations

I have embarked on a project of translating a novel I am writing into Japanese in parallel with writing it, and one of the hardest parts for me (in contemplation, I haven't really gotten that far) is ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

How can I tell wether this pronoun points forward or backwards in context

For full context see this document: https://www.docdroid.net/qteAJpo/img-20170628-0002-new.pdf.html 最近、いろいろなところで開かれているビジネスマナーのためのメンタルトレーニングでも、これと同じようなことを行います。 I'd like to know for this これ in bold: ...
4
votes
3answers
989 views

Nuance between 僕 and 俺?

I'm aware that this is a common question and one that can be quite situational, but I have a few specific questions regarding nuance between these two pronouns for "I". jisho.org describes 俺 as "Male ...
0
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2answers
226 views

In which cases pronouns can be omitted in questions?

The phrase "doko kara kimasu" is translated as "where do you come from" . I suppose this a short version of "anata wa doko kara kimasu ka" . If I want to ask where does he come from? I suppose I ...
7
votes
2answers
204 views

Why is "My Apps" translated to マイApp instead of something like 自分のApp?

In iTunesConnect (for those who don't know, iTunesConnect is a website where developers and iBook authors can manage their apps/books), there is this "My Apps" button: When I change my OS's language ...
3
votes
1answer
235 views

Use of personal pronouns when talking to different "ranked" people. (In the same conversation)

First time posting here. I have a question that have been bothering me for quite a while. I wonder how to use the personal pronouns (僕/俺 & お前/きみ/あなた) in a conversation with different "ranked" ...
3
votes
2answers
337 views

Using 貴様 {きさま}​ as a joke?

I already know that 貴様 {きさま} is a very rude, derogatory term in japanese, and is practically forbidden in real life situations. However, I came across a song called キモチ by Mukai Shuutoku, and it ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

How would one address oneself when speaking to royalty?

Apart from avoiding using personal pronouns, when speaking to royalty, would one just use watashi, like in the following example: Time: 05:32 - 05:50 http://www.dailymotion.com/video/...
1
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0answers
116 views

How to do plurals? [duplicate]

I've seen there are two ways of saying we and pluralizing words using: ら、たち But I can't see the difference and I'm not sure if it can be used with all the pronouns. Are there other forms of ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Subtle differences between だれ and どなた?

I would like to know what the subtle differences are between the interrogative pronouns だれ and どなた. Is the latter more subtle or something? What is the exact difference? Also, how compatible are ...
6
votes
3answers
38k views

こちら (kochira) or これ (kore)?

What's the difference between 'Kore wa watashi no ... desu' (これ は わたし の 。。。 です) and 'Kochira wa watashi no.. desu' (こちら は わたし の。。 です) when introducing a person? Is kore used for inanimate ...
1
vote
1answer
577 views

Are there rules for when pronouns in Japanese can be omitted?

Are there rules for when pronouns in Japanese can be omitted or you learn that by experience only?
7
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3answers
2k views

What word can I use for 'they', when referring to a mixed gender group?

I.e. for a group of guys, you have: 彼たち、かれら and for girls it's: 彼女たち 彼女ら So if you have a mixed group, which one should you go with? Is there a different word?
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Japanese automatic subjects (Omitting pronouns)

In Japanese, you can often omit 私, あなた, and friends in sentences, then rely on context to get the correct subject. However, without these words, I have no idea how to differentiate between sentences ...
0
votes
2answers
144 views

In a sentence that ends with a verb, when could "が" modify a 3rd person pronoun?

3rd person pronouns (both English and Japanese) and the particle "は" have a commonality. For pronouns (jp & eng) antecedent must exist in the conversation. An "antecedent" is what the pronoun ...
7
votes
3answers
18k views

Speaking in the third person

Many things that seem normal in English look arrogant in Japanese. I think I found a special case where the reverse is true. In Japanese is it normal to speak in the third person when referring to ...
2
votes
2answers
787 views

use of 〜ちゃん as a generic term

In a Shimajiro educational book I saw a line similar to this: ___ちゃんが知ってる乗り物は何ですか? (the actual one had less Kanji but you get the point) The question is why was ちゃん used here as a generic term. ...
6
votes
2answers
760 views

What rules should be followed when saying "we"?

I know that, in Japanese, you can say X達【たち】 or Xら (where X is a first person pronoun) to say we. However, what rules should be followed for choosing that "X". Can I use whatever I would use to refer ...
8
votes
1answer
190 views

自分 How to know what it means?

自分 can mean myself and yourself but, how do you know when the speaker is referring to him/herself or to you? As in, how could you know when the speaker is saying "myself" instead of "yourself" (to the ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Using a person's name in place of a pronoun

When is it right to use a persons's name instead of a pronoun when addressing that person? I'm confused by the following scenario: The kids are discussing what presents they got last year. Maruko ...
1
vote
2answers
158 views

What is the nuance of someone pointing at you with the pronoun あの人?

Consider the situation in which you are speaking closely around the same table with two other people or more. Someone talking to another person there and referring to you in the conversation with the ...
2
votes
1answer
231 views

Do you really have to say "かれ" (3rd person pronoun) here?

The context is that A, B, and C just got home. They are now wandering around a big house looking for a group of kids. The 3 are wondering if the kids have been studying. A has not yet talked with C: ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

What does it mean when この is in front of a personal pronoun?

As in このオレさま and この僕も. I know the literal translation, but I never understood what the intent of it is.
3
votes
1answer
726 views

僕 in 敬語 - is it possible?

With 丁寧語, it's very possible - 僕が行きます is a perfectly normal thing to say. But what of 僕が参ります? Would that sound odd? 私が参ります would be more normal, I think, but is 僕が参ります possible at all?
2
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1answer
465 views

こちらの vs この when referring to something

Is there a actual usage difference between these two pronouns? Or is it simply that こちらの is more formal than この?
11
votes
4answers
19k views

Why is "kisama" more refined than "temee"?

From Wikipedia:  –§–  貴様 — formerly an extremely honorific form of address; in modern speech is as insulting as, but more refined than, "temee" 貴様 is often said (...
4
votes
2answers
803 views

Politeness / political correctness and gender polarity of "plural" suffix -等(ら) for 彼 and 彼女 etc

The definitions on ejje.weblio: 彼ら 彼女ら What I would like to know is: 彼ら is definitely gender neutral and 彼女ら can only have females in the group, right? As explained in Why is “学生” made “plural” ...
3
votes
1answer
257 views

indefinite pronoun equivalent of "one" e.g. "one must...", "one might..."

What is the best way to formulate a natural equivalent in Japanese? From my experience, the most common way seems to be contextual inference. Pronoun dropping is obviously super common, but whether ...
1
vote
1answer
581 views

How should say I: 僕、俺、私? [duplicate]

I want to know the difference among all the ways of saying I, both men and women. I know there are 私、僕 and 俺 for men; 私、あたし and うち for women; and also for elder people I've heard わしゅ. I'm not sure ...
2
votes
1answer
266 views

Usage of the pronouns 「我が輩」 and 「方」 in everyday life

I want to know if these pronouns are used in real situations. I saw them come up in some video games and wonder if people really use them. 我{わ}が輩{はい} - I've read that this an old usage word but I've ...
3
votes
1answer
265 views

Are anaphoric personal pronouns limited to the third person (彼, 彼ら etc)?

(I hope this question is just a sanity check but these things are sometimes worth asking.) On p31 of the Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar, Makino tells us that anaphoric personal pronouns ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

When is it appropriate to refer to yourself using your name, rather than 私 (or others)?

I have heard—though not often—people refer to themselves using their first name, not by using a pronoun for "I." Does this have special connotation in Japanese? Nothing about the usage (to me) seemed ...
5
votes
2answers
315 views

Appropriate context for お前【まえ】

When I was learning about 持ってくる【もってくる】 in college we did some roleplaying to practice using it. When my turn came up it was a husband and wife, with a line along the lines of the following: ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Distinction between "not everyone" and "no-one"

I recently learnt that だれも means "everyone" with an affirmative verb and "no-one" with a negative verb. So, the literal translation of the Japanese "No-one is here" would be "Everyone is not here". ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

What's the female equivalent for the informal ぼく?

What's the female equivalent for the informal ぼく? I've heard that females will tend to use わたし, but then it's said to be formal. Doesn't there exist a female informal "I"?
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Can ぼくたち (bokutachi) be used for mixed-gender group?

*disclaimer:*I'am still learning hiragana, so forgive me for any wrong spelling I've learnt that normally only males use ぼく (boku). What about ぼくたち (bokutachi)? Should it normally be reserved for ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Is "anyone" 人はいます or 誰でも?

So I ran across this example sentence: 食べている人はいますか? And the translation was "Is anyone eating?" However I thought the sentence would be: 誰でもが食べていますか? Is this correct? Also is Xはいます = is any X? ...
4
votes
1answer
500 views

When is it appropriate to use お宅 to refer to the second-person?

An answer to "What is the most natural way to refer to someone when you don't know their name and don't have a close relationship with them?" suggests that お宅 may be used to refer to the second person....
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Are first, second, and third person in Japanese all the same as in English?

Are first, second, and third person nominals in Japanese used in the same way as in English? What should English speakers keep in mind when considering the three persons in Japanese? Particularly for ...
3
votes
2answers
381 views

What does 御用の向きとは mean + usage of うぬ in the meaning of "you"

I have two questions: What's the meaning of a phrase: 御用の向きとは? Is it a set expression? I found a few examples where it was ended with a question mark, in some cases preceded by addressing an ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Why is 自分 used instead of 私?

For example: 自分の名前が呼ばれたとき、私は自分の耳を疑った。I couldn't believe my ears when I heard my name called. Would it be appropriate if I said 私? When is it appropriate to use 自分? What is the difference?
8
votes
4answers
490 views

Giving something to oneself

what is the theory that 僕は自分にプレゼントをあげる is right but not 僕は自分にプレゼントをくれる ? Btw I'm also curious if these sentences are equally valid: A) 僕は自身にプレゼントをあげる B) 僕は自分自身にプレゼントをある C) ボブはボブにプレゼントを[あげる/くれる?] ...
4
votes
1answer
303 views

Can 彼 be used as an indefinite pronoun like やつ or 男?

気取らない彼が好きです。 I like him, who doesn't put on airs. My first reading of this sentence was to assume that 彼 was referring to the boyfriend meaning of 彼, and thus my interpretation was "I like an ...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

Difference between 自分 and 自分自身 and how to reflect their difference in English

Consider: 自分について書きたいことがあります。 = There are times that I want to write about myself (lit: things concerning me) 自分自身について書きたいことがあります。 What is their difference? I think the second sentence has more ...