Questions tagged [pronouns]

代名詞. Words that substitute for a noun or noun phrase.

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11
votes
1answer
4k views

Difference between どこですか and どこにいますか/どこにありますか?

(1) 本はどこですか。 (2) 本はどこにありますか。 Unless I'm mistaken, both those sentences mean something like "where is the book", what's the difference between using です and あります to indicate position? I ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

What does it mean when この is in front of a personal pronoun?

As in このオレさま and この僕も. I know the literal translation, but I never understood what the intent of it is.
7
votes
3answers
18k views

Speaking in the third person

Many things that seem normal in English look arrogant in Japanese. I think I found a special case where the reverse is true. In Japanese is it normal to speak in the third person when referring to ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Usage of いる/います and ある/あります in combined words and sentences

Actually, this has been lingering for sometime in my mind about how Japanese convey a sentence which has both the living and non-living things. Will Japanese use いる or ある? or whichever comes first? or ...
19
votes
4answers
7k views

Is it offensive to say あなた?

My teacher says that we should avoid あなた, like わたし, which could be taken off. Following this, I try to refer to the second person by the name: 加藤さんの趣味は何ですか. But there are situations where we forget ...
6
votes
1answer
886 views

When can you use の to replace a noun?

How come the sentence 白いのは、高い is ok, but the sentence 学生じゃないのは、学校に行かない is not? Wouldn't the second sentence just mean "the one who isn't a student does not go to school"? On Tae Kim's grammar guide, ...
4
votes
1answer
475 views

When is it appropriate to use お宅 to refer to the second-person?

An answer to "What is the most natural way to refer to someone when you don't know their name and don't have a close relationship with them?" suggests that お宅 may be used to refer to the second person....
10
votes
1answer
2k views

When is it appropriate to refer to yourself using your name, rather than 私 (or others)?

I have heard—though not often—people refer to themselves using their first name, not by using a pronoun for "I." Does this have special connotation in Japanese? Nothing about the usage (to me) seemed ...
5
votes
1answer
369 views

あちし。。。Real or fiction

I've heard in some mangas あちし, which means "I". However, in every dictionary I've look at, It doesn't exist. So is this a fictional pronoun?
2
votes
1answer
295 views

How to use 彼 and 彼女?

The first time I saw these two terms, they were used in a love context, to mean "boyfriend/girlfriend". Later, I came to know that you can also use these to refer to "that guy/girl". So, what I ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

Is 僕 (boku) only appropriate for cisgendered men?

I'm enrolled in Japanese at my university, and we recently had a review of personal pronouns. The professor encourage us to understand and practice casual speech, and as part of that, to try finding ...
15
votes
3answers
705 views

When is it appropriate to refer to yourself by これ?

I have occasionally heard and read instances, where a person has referred to themselves as これ. My Japanese dictionary also lists "Me, I." as a definition of これ. Now, this obviously isn't used as ...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

Difference between 自分 and 自分自身 and how to reflect their difference in English

Consider: 自分について書きたいことがあります。 = There are times that I want to write about myself (lit: things concerning me) 自分自身について書きたいことがあります。 What is their difference? I think the second sentence has more ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

What's the female equivalent for the informal ぼく?

What's the female equivalent for the informal ぼく? I've heard that females will tend to use わたし, but then it's said to be formal. Doesn't there exist a female informal "I"?
6
votes
2answers
745 views

What rules should be followed when saying "we"?

I know that, in Japanese, you can say X達【たち】 or Xら (where X is a first person pronoun) to say we. However, what rules should be followed for choosing that "X". Can I use whatever I would use to refer ...
4
votes
1answer
297 views

Can 彼 be used as an indefinite pronoun like やつ or 男?

気取らない彼が好きです。 I like him, who doesn't put on airs. My first reading of this sentence was to assume that 彼 was referring to the boyfriend meaning of 彼, and thus my interpretation was "I like an ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Can ぼくたち (bokutachi) be used for mixed-gender group?

*disclaimer:*I'am still learning hiragana, so forgive me for any wrong spelling I've learnt that normally only males use ぼく (boku). What about ぼくたち (bokutachi)? Should it normally be reserved for ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Japanese automatic subjects (Omitting pronouns)

In Japanese, you can often omit 私, あなた, and friends in sentences, then rely on context to get the correct subject. However, without these words, I have no idea how to differentiate between sentences ...
2
votes
2answers
727 views

use of 〜ちゃん as a generic term

In a Shimajiro educational book I saw a line similar to this: ___ちゃんが知ってる乗り物は何ですか? (the actual one had less Kanji but you get the point) The question is why was ちゃん used here as a generic term. ...
2
votes
1answer
449 views

こちらの vs この when referring to something

Is there a actual usage difference between these two pronouns? Or is it simply that こちらの is more formal than この?
1
vote
1answer
360 views

How do parents say "I" when talking to their children in Japanese?

When a parent is talking to their child in Japanese, what are the common ways of saying "I"? I've often heard parents refer to themselves in the 3rd person, ie お母さんについてきて ("come with me"), お父さんの車を洗って (...