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Questions tagged [prefixes]

接頭辞. A type of affix prepended to the beginning of a word to change its meaning.

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Adding 駄 on the beginning of the word

I've met a word 駄女 だおんな though not sure if wrote it well in kanji. Can I use this 駄 with other words? For example, like 駄先輩 or 駄宏 (with the name of a man)? Are there words that suit this scheme most ...
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1answer
80 views

On the topic of 美化語 (Refined Language), are there any websites that list words that take お〜, ご〜 or neither?

I'm just wondering, because I think it would be helpful to know which words should be prefixed with お〜, which words should be prefixed with ご〜, and which words should not be prefixed with either of ...
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83 views

一 (いち) before nouns

I sometimes come across expressions like this: 土地、宅地の利用区分の"一形態"で、受託の用途に供せられる土地のことを言うことが一般的である。 (definition of 住宅地) 特に、国家・団体などが立てる、"一会計年度"の収支の見積もり。(definition of 予算) Basically you have a noun ...
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Difference between「未熟練労働者」and「不熟練労働者」

I am writing an essay in Japanese and want to talk about non-skilled labor, but found two different words for the opposite of a skilled laborer: 「未{み}-」and「不{ふ}-」+「熟{じゅく}練{れん}労{ろう}働{どう}者{しゃ}」. I was ...
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What does 数% mean in 数%程度でしかなく?

The phrase in question comes from the Japanese global warming article. その一方で太陽放射等の自然要因による変化の寄与量は人為的な要因の数%程度でしかなく、自然要因だけでは現在の気温の上昇は説明できないことが指摘されている I think I understand the gist of 数%程度でしかなく. My ...
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1answer
123 views

Historically, how would a military lord and his direct subordinate address each other? [closed]

I am currently writing a short story, for a text prompt demanding I set my plot among medieval Japan's nobility, but I am unfamiliar with older honorifics. The main dialogue takes place between a ...
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708 views

Use of お in the beginning of these question phrases

Studying Japanese in a book, I saw this dialogue: A: お名前は? B: ペドロです A: お国は? B: スペインです From what I know, the お works as an honorific of respect, then, it is used only in formal phrases. But these ...
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How to speak about “one” thing in Japanese?

I know the title does not make much sense, sorry about that. In short, what I mean is, how can I mention about one certain thing (not one thing in amount) in Japanese? For example "one morning" in ...
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2answers
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「~ない」 vs 「無/不/非/未~」, 「的(な)<漢字>」, and general 熟語/漢語 affixes versus grammatical forms)

When trying to write in Japanese, I often come across words that have multiple possible translations into Japanese, and am unsure which one to use. Though it is difficult to make any general rule over ...
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1answer
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Appending 物 to certain adjectives

Certain adjectives (凄い and 足りない come to mind) seem to be able to take 物 as a prefix, but I haven't been able to find anything on the internet regarding this. Are the forms with 物 more formal or ...
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Closed: [休]{きゅう}〜 vs. [閉]{へい}〜

Are there particular rules on when to use one or the other? 休〜 appears to be more of a temporary closure or suspension (with implied continuation at some point in the near future)... ...
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What is the difference between 非親告罪 and 親告罪?

非親告罪【ひしんこくざい】 vs 親告罪【しんこくざい】 To my understanding 親告罪 means: A type of crime which requires a formal complaint from the victim in order to prosecute. 非【ひ】 means: a mistake, negative, injustice, non, ...
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1answer
151 views

What does the word 「ぶっぱたく」 mean?

A little girl who said the following sentence holding a geta in her hand is angry that officers not allow her and her friends to go inside a place. ひいきしやがるとぶっぱたくぞっ。
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1answer
93 views

と prefixing a verb?

I sometimes see と apparently being used as a verb prefix, e.g.: もう、とぼけないでよ。 Stop joking around. Can somebody explain what the と does in cases like this?
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1answer
284 views

What is お in お元気ですか?

Sorry if this is a very basic question, but I'm trying to understand everything in my first lesson (online, Rocket Japanese). I don't understand what the purpose of お is in the phrase お元気ですか, which ...
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2answers
203 views

What does the word 「さし心地」mean?

I have seen it from a sentence in an eye drop instruction manual. Here it is. かつてない気持ちいい、さし心地...それは、極小一滴だから! In my opinion, I translate it as "the very feeling" by referring 「さし」from a source that ...
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1answer
156 views

What is the function of “o”?

Why do people have to add "o" to "namae" like "Onamae wa?"
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How do I read 初商業誌?

I searched google, jisho, and yahoo. I couldn't find a proper pronunciation for 初商業誌.
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1answer
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What does the word 「たたっ」 mean?

I'm not sure if it means "very long time" in this sentence. If it means that, what does the 「っ」 do in the sentence? ジョーのやろうは刑{けい}務{む}所{しょ}へたたっこまれるようなことになるんでしょうか?
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What does the word 「ぶったてる」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. このドヤがいの西{にし}のはずれにりっぱな総{そう}合{ごう}病{びょう}院{いん}をぶったてること!
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1answer
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Prefix お for names - how is it used?

I recently watched a Japanese drama titled 「おせん」. The title comes from the first name of the main character - the character's name is 半田{はんだ}仙{せん} who is a young お上{かみ} of a traditional restaurant. ...
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249 views

a few words have an honorific 「お」or「ご」 as a necessary prefix, right?

I just came a across the word 「お巡りさん」。While 「お巡り」 is a word, 「巡り」 is not. Likewise, 「ご飯」 is a word, but while 「飯」is a word, the reading changes to the 訓読み (めし)。This means that the 「ご」in「ご飯」is not ...
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Does 本 work as a general purpose prefix?

The motivation for this question is the phrase 本法廷 which I recently read. Does ほん (本) work as a general purpose prefix? By this I mean can I look in the dictionary and pick any noun and put 本 in ...
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3answers
363 views

What is the か in「か弱い」?

I'm wondering what the か in か弱い, か細い and similar words is. It seems to act as an intensifier. The Daijisen tells me simply that this か is a 接頭語, and translates it as いかにも; it doesn't seem to have its ...
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1answer
302 views

inter- and intra- prefix

What would one use for the equivalent of the "inter-" and "intra-" prefixes in English? e.g. intercity, intracity, inter-server etc I did a fair amount of looking around. 間 looks like it might be ...
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3answers
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Are all kanji compounds considered words?

A friend once commented to me that Japanese has a larger vocabulary than English. I said I didn't think it did, because it wasn't really accurate to call all kanji compounds "words". My friend said I ...
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does anyone know of any o-words or go-words which are absolutely neutral?

Does anyone know of any o-words or go-words which are absolutely neutral (have no nuances of being polite / courteous / respectful / womanly / cute etc etc)? The only ones I'm aware of currently is ...
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1answer
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Honorific prefix 「ご」 vs 「お」

Some nouns take the 「ご」 prefix: ご両親 {りょうしん} ご家族 {かぞく} ご無事 {ぶじ} ご安心 {あんしん} ご丁寧 {ていねい} While many others take the 「お」 prefix: お母さん お仕事 {しごと} お月 {つき}さま お家 {うち} お客 {きゃく} In general,...
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Is 超 (chō) seldom used in written works?

Is it true that the prefix 超 to mean “very” is seldom used in written works (like novels, not counting direct speech), and is usually only used when talking?