Questions tagged [potential-form]

可能形. The conjugated form that allows the verb to express ability.

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1answer
207 views

In what cases do I use 見られる with を? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: The difference between が and を with the potential form of a verb. I know the difference between 見る, 見られる, and 見える. I know that 見える and 見られる are verbs expressing a potential, ...
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Use of いける in this sentence

戦術{せんじゅつ}と戦闘{せんとう}どっちもいける奴{やつ}には勝{か}てない。 The translation of this seems to be (He) will not win against someone who can do both strategy and fighting However this is the first I've seen いける used ...
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137 views

Why would you use 見えます instead of 見ます?

In the song イドラサーカス sung by 鏡音{かがみね}リン, there is the line, 「青{あお}い空{そら}が汚{よご}れて見{み}えますか?」I translated it using て as the present continuous. "Can you see the blue sky becoming dirty?" Is my translation ...
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Can you add です after a plain form of a verb?

In the lyric of イノコリ先生, there is a phrase that surprised me. It goes like : 手を上げられないです。does this mean です can come after verb? such as 来られるです. What if the verb is polite? Should you add です or not? ...
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452 views

Potential and Causative form clarification - 倒せる / 倒せない

Hopefully this is a nice easy one, but it's something I need clarification on. So I have a sentence here, using (I think) -せる form. (倒せない) アイテムを使わないと倒せない敵もいるが、戦いの基本はやはり剣だ。 My question is a general ...
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219 views

Is there a reason why the passive and the potential form are identical (at least for える/いる verbs)?

Is there a reason why the passive and the potential form in Japanese are identical (at least for える/いる verbs)? I mean, does one etymologically derive from the other? Or were they perhaps modelled on a ...
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1answer
128 views

How do these negations differ? (Plain negative vs. potential negative)

本当よ響ちゃん。私たちは帰らなかったんじゃなくて帰れなかったの 響 - Hibiki (name of a character) So the storie goes like Hibiki goes in search of her friends who haven't come back in 2 weeks. When she founds them she asks them "...
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できる vs ~えます form for “can”, “able to” [duplicate]

A couple of days ago I tried to express "I can ..." where "..." was some some verb or verb phrase. I used the ~て form of the ... verb followed by 出来ます but was told instead to change the form of the .....
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113 views

Meaning of verb + つもりも + potential verb + 程

In a letter by a mangaka at the end of a manga, I encountered the following sentence: 〝正しいこと〟なんて描くつもりも描ける程、自分を上等とも思っていないけど〝つまらないこと〟だけはしないようにしていきたいなって思います Is verb + つもりも + potential verb + 程 a ...
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1answer
183 views

function of 一度 in the following sentence

In the sentence: 一度にケーキを全部は、とても食べられない。 I am confused about the function and placement of 「一度」. Also, the object is the 'cake' because of the particle を, but why is it followed by 全部 as the subject? ...
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201 views

How to denote the object and the subject of potential form verbs clearly?

The source in where I studied told me that you mark the object of potential form with が particle instead of を particle because potential form is just a state, no actual action is taken. It ...
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2k views

What is the difference between 見る and 見える?

I've been coming across this weird verb conjugation that seems to happen in some verbs, where you replace る with える, e.g. 見る → 見える。 Is this a different verb form, how does it change the meaning of ...
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570 views

passive voice and potential voice

I'm having troubles with distinguishing between passive voice and potential voice in the following sentences, help me please. 鍔姫:「だから、弟が幼稚園の頃、母に頼まれて、よく風呂にいれていてだな。その、だから見慣れているというか」 幼稚園の頃……? ...
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1answer
124 views

Why can には here ONLY mean にとっては?

日本人には________かもしれないが、私たち外国人にとっては、_________はとても大変なことです。 So I answered the first blank with 漢字が簡単に書ける and the second one with 漢字を書くの. My Japanese teacher, who is a native, told me that it should be ...
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1answer
122 views

誰も + potential verb form

I'm pretty sure "誰にも読めない本" is correct. However, I have also heard something in the same vein as "誰も読めない本", without the に. Is this also correct? If so, does も replace が here?
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162 views

What is the difference between できる and 能う?

能う is translated as being able to do something or having capability to do something. How is its meaning and usage different from できる and potential form of a verb?
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277 views

Dictionary entry and derived forms, were they equal at some point?

I will first state the dictionary entry, and then other formations that also yield the dictionary entry. Consider the following : 思える - to seem/appear, potential form of 思う - can think 合わせる - to ...
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1answer
275 views

Why is the potential form of 滑る 滑れる and not 滑られる?

For る-verbs we usually drop る and replace it with られる but I noticed this exception?
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1answer
457 views

Need help understanding causative and passive form: 外国人に質問を聞かれたが、答えられなかった。

I was reading up some lesson on causative and passive form online. I am still a little confused as to when and why use these form. For this example: plain form: 答える passive form: 答えられる ...
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604 views

「たら〜のに」Grammar help!

I've looked up the 「たら〜のに」grammar, and the site says it means "would have/could have" but I'm having trouble with the potential verb 食える. I know it means "can eat" but I don't know the English ...
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1answer
188 views

A question about the particle used with potential form

As I know, when the potential form of a verb is being used, direct object particle "を" should not be used. Instead, が or は should be used. So when should we use which? For example, 富士山が 登れた ...
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725 views

Is Mierareru the potential form of Mieru?

The verb mieru appears to be able to conjugate to mierareru (potential form). If it is so, what is the meaning of mierareru and how is it different from mieru? To my knowledge mieru = "can see". So ...
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2answers
759 views

What is potential form?

I am in my fourth online Japanese class at UMUC Asia and we just started learning about potential form of verbs. I was wondering if there is an easy way to explain what it is? My teacher's explanation ...
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757 views

もらえる, 見える rules

From what I learned, もらえる = もらうことが出来る 'can be got' 見える = 見ることが出来る 'can be seen' This looks like there is some kind of a more general rule for this transformation. If there is a pair of such verbs, ...
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149 views

「から」 and the potential form in 「~ことから~言える」

The entire sentence was: この種の文は、次に示すように、いくつかの属性を並立させて記述することができることからも記述文であると言える。 「~ことからも~言える」 here means something like "judging from this fact, it can be said that..." or "based on this fact, it ...
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1answer
110 views

Distinguish between homonyms & potential form

How can you distinguish two verbs when the dictionary form of one is exactly the same as the "potential" form of another. E.g: 開く  [Godan verb with ku ending, intransitive verb] (Potential form: 開ける)...
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307 views

Is できる always used with が?

So I'm studying and I ran into an example that stated to go from a (noun)suru to (noun)dekiru is this: 私は車を運転する -> 私は車の運転ができる。 Why isn't 私は車を運転できる。
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731 views

When conjugating, is 'なる’ a potential verb, like '分かる'?

So, 分かる is never used as 分かれる, right? Because 分かる is already a potential-form verb, according to my Japanese grammar dictionary. About なる: can it be conjugated as なれる? Or how about ならせる? For ...
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1answer
577 views

expressing casual potential for adjectives

This is a follow up to How to construct potential form for adjectives I'd like to know how to say "can be x" where x is an adjective, in a casual way. For example with a friend, this seems a little ...
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Can someone explain to me how “としまして” is formed?

Could someone help me by explaining how this is formed? The question here refers to an answer to my question (second comment on answer), but I don't understand it: Could someone help with the ...
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149 views

が in the expression “耳が聞こえない”

I tried to translate this phrase literally and came up with "(My) ears can't hear". Since the expression means "(I'm) deaf", this makes sense. However, I can't really get it to work grammatically, ...
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Why is this sentence using が here? [duplicate]

娘が一人で服が着られるようになった。 着る is supposed to take を but it's using が here. Why?
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1answer
126 views

Is this indirect passive or potential?

「第三級冒険者」と明確な地位を認められるのもLv.2からだ。Lv.1が平均的であるなら、そこから先は少なからず才能と素質を求められる世界ということになる。 I'm not sure whether to interpret the two verbs as passive or potential. If it's passive what is the agent of the verbs? ...
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少し日本語を話します and 少し日本語を話せます - What's the difference?

What changes, in these phrases? The change is the し for the せ. A friend told me that the second one was better for saying I speak little japanese. 私は少し日本語を話します。 私は少し日本語を話せます。
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337 views

Meaning of もてり and use of が

白き布 もて盤上を 磨きたり 人は心に 鏡をもてり。 Is もてり 持てる? If so, in that case why does a potential verb have the が particle?
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Parsing potential phrase modifying a noun

From Hirameki Hatsume-chan Vol 1, chapter 71 How does the sentence in the third panel translate, and who is doing what to whom? Is it a potential and the どうぐ is "enabling" him to have good dreams or ...
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1answer
83 views

What’s the difference between “書けるか” and “書けますか“?

What’s the difference between “書けるか“ and “書けますか” (Can you write?). I read the rule for the potential form, but then in an example it said ます on the end instead of る. So do both work and what’s the ...
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74 views

Potential following の that follows a noun

顔の見えない誰かに... I wonder how this is translated as '(to) someone that cannot see their faces'. I thought at first that 見えない誰か, as a modified noun, is connected to 顔 with の to mean 'someone that cannot ...
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2answers
184 views

What does いられるかっ mean in this sentence?

水着で密着されて無反応でいられるかっ I roughly translated to "Having the swimsuit stuck so close, there's no way you don't have a reaction" What does いられるかっ mean in this sentence? Any ideas?
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1answer
158 views

ていい after potential form

I was listening to the song 命に嫌われている and came across the following lyrics: 寂しいなんて言葉でこの傷が表せていいものか そんな意地ばかり抱え今日も一人ベッドに眠る I don’t understand what ていい is doing here. An attempt at a direct ...
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1answer
69 views

人間は普通ここに来れんのになあ I Know it means Humans Cannot Come here usually

人間は普通ここに来れんのになあ I Know it means Humans Cannot Come here usually. but doesn't 来られます Means can come Potential Form But 来れ Then ん Confuses me.
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188 views

“Can do” Form grammar?

Watashi wa hon o yomeru hayai dekiru. = I can read books quickly. I know that you can either conjugate the verb to be -eru or -rareru, or you could leave the verb in the plain form and add "koto ga ...
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1answer
796 views

What is N+できる grammar?

Consider the following two sentences. A: 僕は左と右が区別できない。 B: 僕は左と右を区別することができない。 I often see B but just know A now. How can A be possible? What kind of grammar is A? The following sentence (from ...
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1answer
168 views

What is the difference between 「帰る」and 「帰れる」?

I believe the latter is not the passive form of 帰る, so what makes it different?
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59 views

About the specific difference between 見えます and 見られます

I have a question about the specific usage of 見えます and 見られます. As already explained on the net, 見えます is used when something is visible to the speaker or comes into view. 見られます is used instead, when ...
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1answer
1k views

遊びます vs 遊べます - 'be' meaning “you can”?

I'm going through a Nintendo DS instruction manual and trying to do a bit of translation. I'd like to ask about the difference between 遊びます and 遊べます。 本ゲームは、 ボタン操作とタッチスクリーン操作の どちらでも遊べます。 I'm sure ...
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78 views

Difference between potential form and ことができる [duplicate]

What is the difference between the potential form and using ことができる? Are they interchangeable? For example: 日本語が話せます。 vs 日本語が話すことができます。
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1answer
185 views

In the phrase 「褒められたものではない」, why is 「褒められた」 in past tense (as opposed to present tense 「褒められる」)? [duplicate]

For reference, there's an entry in 実用日本語表現辞典: 褒められたものではない
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95 views

Why is there を coupled with potential form?

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_1130.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_002 The sentence in question: その後、適切なケアを受けられないと、「次の子どもを愛せない」など深刻なケースにつながることが分かってきました。 My ...
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1answer
116 views

Potential verb + でも: meaning?

The sentence is: あの 狐ねばばあに 餌付けでも  されたか? 餌付け - is a potential form of the verb. What role is でも playing here?