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Questions tagged [potential-form]

可能形. The conjugated form that allows the verb to express ability.

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ことができる versus V~える form

Way back in the day when I was first learning Japanese, I learned that you could add ことができる to a verb to indicate potential. Like so: 食{た}べることができる (I) can eat (something) It became my ...
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3answers
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The difference between が and を with the potential form of a verb

When using the potential form of a verb, I was taught that the particle を becomes が. However, in real life this seems to not always be the case. I've even heard Japanese people use を instead of が ...
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4answers
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Why doesn't 分かる have a potential form?

This question may be related to What does で分かる mean? (Cf. Tsuyoshi Ito and my comments to my answer). (Regular) verbs can be turned into the potential form by attaching -((ra)r)e-: tabe-ru vs. ...
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2answers
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How to differentiate ~られる conjugation between passive form and potential form?

For verbs of group 2, whose ~ます form is formed by dropping the ending ~る from the plain form, both the passive and potential forms have the same conjugation: ~られる. Example: 食べられる 1. to be eaten ...
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5answers
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What is the difference between 見える【みえる】/聞こえる【きこえる】 and 見られる【みられる】/聞ける【きける】?

In Japanese, there is a potential form to express that it's possible for something to be done. My own examples of potential form: 辛【から】い食【た】べ物【もの】が食【た】べられる。 (I can eat spicy foods.) ギターが弾【ひ】...
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4answers
608 views

“Unsolvable problem”

What is the correct construction of "unsolvable problem"? Is it "解{と}けられない問題{もんだい}"?(Question 1) Plain(intransitive): 解{と}ける "To be solved". Potential form(of intransitive): 解けられる "can be ...
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Is it bad practice to use “することができる” as opposed to just “できる”?

The potential form of "する" is "できる". However, "~ことができる" can be appended to verbs to create a potential form. Hence, "することができる" can be used as the potential form of "する". While I think there are times ...
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2answers
5k views

How to distinguish between passive and potential forms of the verb?

I've read that potential form of the ru-verb is formed by replacing る with られる, which is exactly the same for the passive form of ru-verbs. How can we tell the passive form and potential apart in this ...
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2answers
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Verb + うる form. What is this?

Can't really understand this form: I've seen already this form with 考える and translated it like this: 考えうることだ - conceivable (possible) However how do you translate with other verbs? is this some ...
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1answer
567 views

What is going on with 書けている? What is Potential Form+ている?

I'm having difficulty in understanding 書けている (initially observed from an answer to "パソコンが 得意だ/わかる/上手だ"). Also observed from SPACEALC: この小説は上手に書けている。 最もよく書けている記事。 いくつかのスペルミスを除けば、その小論文はよく書けている。...
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How does one make potential passive in Japanese?

For ichidan verbs, potential form is made by changing the ru to rareru. The same is done to change them to passive. e.g taberu -> taberareru (can eat; also, be eaten) For godan verbs, potential is ...
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878 views

What's the most appropriate negative potential form for this situation?

This morning my co-worker asked me if I wanted some coffee. I said, "No thanks, I can't drink coffee because it upsets my stomach." I was thinking of how I'd say this in Japanese, but I'm not sure ...
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2answers
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Transitive/Intransitive + にくい (and +られる)

This question is based on the discussion arising from "Unsolvable Problem" Start of Excerpt Relevant discourse extracted from "Unsolvable Problem": Quoted from Derek Schaab's reply to "Unsolvable ...
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1answer
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How to construct potential form for adjectives

I could not help but notice that adjectives cannot directly conjugate to have a potential form: E.g. 赤い does not become 赤られる for (can be red) (Question) Which of the below are acceptable forms to ...
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1answer
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causative passive potential form

I've been reading into a little bit of more advanced grammar and am trying to get my head around the causative and the passive form. (yes yes N1 people. That's not actually advanced.) The causative I ...
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1answer
393 views

Usage of 合える with verb stems

Occasionally I come across an interesting usage of 合える with a verb stem, mostly when I listen to music. One such example can be found here at approximately 0:42: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...
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If 日本語する is not ok, why is 日本語できる ok?

This is my understanding: する名詞: 運転する。 残業する。 勉強する。 their potential forms: 運転することができる。 残業することができる。 勉強することができる。 abbreviated potential forms: 運転できる。 残業できる。 勉強できる。 Can ...
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1answer
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The potential form 思う and 思える are two different things?

The potential form of 思う is 思える. If 思う is "to think", then 思える is "can think", right? Well... at tangorin.com 思える is translated as "to seem" and "to appear likely". So 思える is different verb or there ...
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1answer
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「聞こえなくなった」 or 「聞けなくなった」?

I wanted to say: "I became unable to hear." I said: "聞こえなくなった" but I was corrected and told to say: "聞けなくなった" That sounds strange to me. I've never even heard the verb form "聞ける" what does "...
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1answer
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meaning of 歩けなくなっちゃって

I'm trying to translate 駅から歩けなくなっちゃって. I don't really speak Japanese but this is what I got so far: なっちゃって apparently means having done something against one's intention 駅から is "from the station" ...
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2answers
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で vs が in 上手に話せます?

日本語で上手に話せます。 日本語が上手にはなせます。 Hello, I'm sorry if this has been asked before, but is it で or が? I know you're supposed to use で for languages, but this sentence I got from class is using が。 I'm ...
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2answers
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What's the difference between 話せる and 話す?

I came across [話]{はな}せます in the Japanese WOTD chat room. あなたは英語が話せますか? Can you speak English? What's the difference between it and [話]{はな}します? (Googling got some hits, but they were from user ...
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1answer
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とまらない in One Punch Man OP meaning とまれない (negative potential)

The negative form of 止{と}まる (to stop) is 止まらない, and the negative potential form is 止まれない. However, I've noticed that 止まらない can be used in the sense of 止まれない. For example, the OP for One Punch Man ...
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1answer
663 views

Potential form vs Intransitive Verbs

So I was looking at conjugations and I saw that the potential form of 切る【きる】 is 切れる【きれる】. However, 切れる【きれる】 is also an intransitive verb. There are others e.g. 休む【やすむ】>休める【やすめる】 行く【いく】>行ける【いける】 So, ...
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1answer
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two levels for teiru and rare

What would be the interpretation of verbs that have two levels of 'teiru' and 'rare' in them? I figure that the 'teiru' will be one for stative/perfective and the other for progressive, and the 'rare' ...
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meaning of て-form + られない

I assume that 死んでられない is 死んでる in the negative potential form, which means it would mean something like "I can't be dying" or "I can't be dead". Can anyone help me understand this better?
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Difference between using ていない/ている and just ない/る when used with potential (られる) form

I was surfing online for Japanese articles and chanced upon this sentence: 初めて飛行機に乗ったうちの子どもは静かに座っていられませんでした which translates to: my child who sat on a plane for the first time, couldn't sit quietly. ...
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1answer
890 views

Causative-Potential or Causative-Passive

Does a verbal form like this exist. I found this sentence while reading. 一体どこの誰に、今のこいつを黙らせられるっていうのか。 Or should I say, who the hell could be able to silence her. I think the meaning is this,...
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1answer
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Is “Airman ga Taosenai” grammatical?

I've been listening to this memetic song for quite a bit, but recently I was thinking perhaps the title could be inaccurate. Shouldn't it be "Airman wo Taoserarenai"? There are 2 points I have to ...
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1answer
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Are 「〜のは欲しい」 and 「〜のは出来る」 valid alternatives to 「〜たい」and 「られる」?

Are 「〜のは欲しい」 and 「〜のは出来る」 valid alternatives to 「〜たい」and 「られる」conjugations for desire and potential form? If so, what's the difference? Examples: If 見れる means "can see," does 見るのは出来る mean the same? ...
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1answer
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Is “Xがどこに見つけられますか” an acceptable translation of “Where can I find X”?

I'm currently studying the potential form by making up sentences from several scenarios, and am finding it rather difficult to check their correctness using nothing but vague online translators. Is ...
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1answer
251 views

Is there a good etymological reason why the potential form in Japanese requires the が particle?

Is there a good etymological reason why the potential form in Japanese requires the が particle? When dealing with the -たい suffix, which also requires the -が particle for what in other languages would ...
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2answers
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Two questions about “can”

If 食べれる means "can eat", 食べれます means the same but polite, and 食べれません means "can not eat" but in its polite form, how do I say "can not eat" in the nonpolite form? Another little question: how can I ...
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2answers
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How to use 満足する

A statement by North Korea: 話し合いの結果、韓国と意見が合って満足できた。 The result of the discussions was that we agree with the views of South Korea and are satisfied. I understand 満足する to mean 'to be satisfied', ...
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1answer
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what form 死ねたのに is?

I've come across this phrase 今の一撃を素直に食らっておけば、楽に死ねたのにね and I think it translates to something like: "if you had taken that attack obediently, you would have died in peace", but I can't really ...
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1answer
229 views

How to write the passive form of the potential form?

I am curious about the passive form(受動態) of the potential form(可能形). I thought about using (先生に)褒められられる but it seems awkward, and there are no search results in Google for it. So is (先生に) ...
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2answers
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逃げられた (full sentence)

A girl ties up a cat and puts it in the corner. She's not paying attention and it escapes. When she looks in the corner she sees the ropes, and she sees that the cat is gone, and she says "逃げられた". Is ...
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2answers
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What's the difference between 勝つ可能性 and 勝てる可能性?

In English I think there is a subtle difference between "there's a possibility we'll win" and "there's a possibility we can win". I think the former implies "if things keep going as they are now, we ...
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1answer
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In this sentence, is changing “迎える” to “迎えられる” for a potential or honorific reason?

Here is part of a document that I am reading: 本日は、世界最高の大学のひとつで卒業式を迎えられる皆さんとご一緒できて、とても光栄です。 "everyone who is able to be attending" or "everyone who is attending" as an honorific ?
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1answer
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uses of できる apart from potential?

The following is a JLPT N4 question: 旅行の荷物はもう___できました. 1。 やくそく 2。りよう 3。せわ 4。ようい I don't really understand the meaning of the sentence. Is it "I was already able to do the preperations for the ...
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1answer
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What forms of verbs (potential or passive) are more frequent in Japanese?

A simple question to those speaking and the native ones. What of the two forms (potential verbs or passive voice verbs) in Japanese verbs is more frequent? This question may seem strange, but I need ...
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1answer
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Combination of causative-passive and intransive verb with a direct object?

I am struggling to understand this sentence’s structure: 宿題を時間内に終わらせられなかった。 I think I get the idea of causative-passive as in “I was being made to finish the homework”. However, I noticed that we ...
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1answer
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What is this 連用形+ゆる grammar? How is it different from the potential form?

I have come across this grammar a lot lately: 連用形+ゆる For example, in this comment, 文語と現代語を交じたる文はインターネットで見ゆるなあ I've also heard しゆる. Judging from the context I think that this grammar is similar ...
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3answers
274 views

Dictionary form (解ける) as potential form (解けられる)?

Suppose I wanted to say to someone, "Can you solve this question?" According to my Memrise app and some Google results, this is the model sentence: (1) この問題が解けますか。 Since potential ("can") is ...
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2answers
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生徒が分かる and 彼が見える and Intransitivity

I have been searching all internet and haven't found an "acceptable" answer for it yet. I hope you guys can help me! I was reading a text in the website KawaJapa about 分かる and the sentence 日本語が分かる. ...
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1answer
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Asking someone to sing a song with me

I would like to say "Ryura! Would you like to sing 'Isshin Furan' with me and a friend?" This is what I have so far... Ryuraさん!「一心不乱」を私と一緒に歌えませんか? Please help me make it sound more fluid if ...
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1answer
184 views

In what cases do I use 見られる with を? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: The difference between が and を with the potential form of a verb. I know the difference between 見る, 見られる, and 見える. I know that 見える and 見られる are verbs expressing a potential, ...
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2answers
589 views

Use of いける in this sentence

戦術と戦闘どっちもいける奴には勝てない The translation of this seems to be (He) will not win against someone who can do both strategy and fighting However this is the first I've seen いける used to mean "can do". I ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

Why would you use 見えます instead of 見ます?

In the song イドラサーカス sung by 鏡音{かがみね}リン, there is the line, 「青{あお}い空{そら}が汚{よご}れて見{み}えますか?」I translated it using て as the present continuous. "Can you see the blue sky becoming dirty?" Is my translation ...
3
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1answer
438 views

Potential and Causative form clarification - 倒せる / 倒せない

Hopefully this is a nice easy one, but it's something I need clarification on. So I have a sentence here, using (I think) -せる form. (倒せない) アイテムを使わないと倒せない敵もいるが、戦いの基本はやはり剣だ。 My question is a general ...