Questions tagged [pitch-accent]

高低アクセント. Changes in pitch associated with a particular word. Does not include changes in pitch due to intonation.

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1answer
99 views

How do I read pitch accent notation (alternatively, why does my pitch notation in yomichan and OJAD disagree)?

I've installed this Anki plugin that adds pitch accent info. The author has helpfully provided some guidelines about the notation: Overline: Indicates "High" pitch Downfall arrow: usually ...
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0answers
21 views

Do pitch accent dictionaries exist for dialects other than Tokyo/Kantō dialect? [migrated]

I know there are pitch accent dictionaries for Kantō/Tokyo/Standard Japanese, at least monolingual Japanese ones, such as NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典. I wonder if these exist or have ever been published for other ...
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1answer
112 views

Pitch Accent for Single-Mora Words

In words with more than one mora, there are three types of endings in the standard Tokyo dialect: ...H(H) ...H(L) ...L(L) where H/L mean High-Low pitch, and the parentheses apply to any attached ...
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1answer
126 views

Pitch Accent (下 vs 舌)

What is the difference in the pronunciation between下 and 舌 ? I have tried to do a research and found this website with the native speakers pronouncing these words: https://forvo.com/word/%E4%B8%8B/#ja ...
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2answers
149 views

How do you tell the difference between 決行 and 欠航?

So apparently 決行-けっこう (to carry out) and 欠航-けっこう (cancelled) are pronounced the same way? Or does one of them have a different pitch accent pattern? At least Google translate pronounced them the same. ...
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1answer
116 views

Distinguishing meaning of 「 庭」 and 「には」aurally

In the sentence, 「私の家の庭には小さな池があります」 the sound 「には」 appears twice in a row. When listening but without any writing to inform interpretation, how will I know whether to interpret the first 「には」 sound as ...
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196 views

How does adding 自体 to a noun affect the accent?

Examples phrases: 料理自体 みそ自体 アメリカ自体 鼻自体 男自体 食べたこと自体 My intuition is that the noun and 自体 are said as two separate words, both of their accents being preserved. (I guess this would make sense ...
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1answer
160 views

Pitch Accent of ありがとうございます According to Forvo

One of the first things you learn in Japanese is that the proper pitch accent of ありがとう has the step-down after り (in standard dialect). But if you listen to the pronunciations on Forvo (and more ...
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1answer
353 views

Understanding how pitch accent changes in words, especially 和語

These words all begin with 花(はな↓), but they all have different pitch accent patterns. 花火 は↓なび (There is also 花火↓師) 花芽 はな↓め 花見 はなみ↓ (also, 花見↓月 vs 花見時 which is 平板) Knowing that the pitch accent of each ...
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1answer
135 views

一日二日 pronunciation

I was trying to determine the pitch accent for the phrase 一日二日 when it means "for a day or two" and realised I might not even have the right reading. I thought it would be いちにちににち, but then ...
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1answer
276 views

In what cases do 平板 verbs change their pitch?

I recently realized that 平板 verbs become 尾高 when there is a の after them. For example: 戦うの→たたかうの{LHHHL} 寝るの→ねるの{LHL} That really does happen right? Or am I mishearing? What are other situations where ...
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1answer
86 views

いつか日本に行きます。/ 五日日本に行きます。

Do these two sentences have the same sound? (The romanji are the same, but I am not sure about the stress). いつか日本に行きます。(I will go to Japan someday.) 五日日本に行きます。(I'm going to Japan on the 5th.) How ...
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1answer
93 views

Sounds of 大体 (Approximately) vs 代替 (Alternative)

Are the two phrases having the identical sound (including the accent)? 大体 だいたい (Approximately) (Dictionary: OJAD)  代替 だいたい (Alternative) (Dictionary: Weblio) I could not look them up in the same ...
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1answer
175 views

difference between 介護士 and 看護師

I learnt both of these words as an equivalent to "nurse". What is the difference in meaning between those two ? Also what is the pitch accent for 介護士 ?
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2answers
276 views

pitch accent for suffixes

I am trying to learn about pitch accent, and I have heard that there are rules for suffixes regarding pitch accent. Are there any resources where I could learn about those rules ? I am not yet able ...
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0answers
54 views

Interaction between pitch accent and mi-prefixation

I'm interested in the ways in which words that can be prefixed with mi- might vary in accent. For instance, both mi-kokoro and mi-gokoro are attested (albeit rare and highly archaic), but mi-kokoro is ...
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1answer
633 views

Pitch accent of 超自然的

The word 超自然的 seems to have a somewhat mysterious pitch accent. In WaniKani's audio (click the speaker icons) as well as in this random YouTube video it sounds like the accent is ちょうしぜんてき{HHLLHHHH}. ...
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0answers
120 views

Pitch Accent Confusion

Occasionally, I hear the pitch accent of phrases that should be heard as 平板型 end up not being this way. Some examples are 卒業して、それは、これは、気がする、私は、私が. All of these words and phrases should be "flat&...
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1answer
119 views

How to understand the pronunciation as listed in Wiktionary

Wiktionary has two transcriptions: 私 (Tokyo)¹ わ[たし]{——}² [wàtáshí]³ (Heiban⁴ – [0]⁵) IPA: [[ɰᵝa̠ta̠ɕi]] What is the 1st one called and how is it read? "Tokyo" stands for the Tokyo dialect ...
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1answer
347 views

愛する pitch accent confusion

I'm reasonably new to learning pitch accent. Started learning this year, as it was never actually taught in any form at school or university. I'm confused about why 愛する should have the accent on the ...
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1answer
577 views

How can I find the pitch-accent pattern for 頭高型?

I don't mean the meaning of 頭高型, but the pitch-accent pattern of the actual word 「頭高型」. I've found several pitch-accent dictionaries including the two OJAD sites (here and here), but the first site ...
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0answers
79 views

Higher amplitude in accented mora?

From ear, despite what the conventional literature tells me, I often hear that the accented mora has a higher amplitude, not just coming before the downstep. This is particularly obvious in This ...
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1answer
241 views

Pitch Accent Patterns with Pluralized たち Nouns

Curious if there are any general rules for the pitch accent for pluralized たち nouns. For example: 子供達 - the pattern seems to be こどもたち{LHHLL} 私たち - the pattern seems to be わたしたち{LHHLL} 自分たち - the ...
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1answer
362 views

Does the honorific prefix お/ご have an effect on pitch accent?

Does the honorific prefix お/ご have an effect on pitch accent? For example, can it make an unaccented word accented or an accented word unaccented? If this prefix does have an effect on pitch accent, ...
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2answers
248 views

Pitch accent websites differing for certain words

For the word 九日 (ここのか{LHHH}), both OJAD and weblio agree on the pitch accent of the word itself, but for the particle that comes afterwords (say 九日の), they differ by this: OJAD: ここのかの{LHHHH} ...
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1answer
256 views

Rise in pitch right before quotative って?

On the last mora of reported speech, right before って, I sometimes hear a high pitch (or maybe stress) where I would normally not expect one. If there is a ない in front of the って, for example, I often ...
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1answer
456 views

Are there any rules to the intonations they are discussing in this video?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TpbOoSbnp5k I rarely if ever see anything like this covered in Japanese textbooks or courses besides the hashi (bridge) vs hashi (chopstick) discussion. Is there no ...
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1answer
277 views

ありがとう pronounced with heibangata pitch pattern?

I've always heard a lot of Japanese people pronounce ありがとう as ありがとう{LHHHH}, but I've never actually seen anyone talk about it on the Internet. People always say ありがとう should be pronounced ありがとう{...
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1answer
265 views

Pitch accent pattern for verb stem + な

I've only ever heard this form be used in the command "待ちな!" (Wait!), but just out of curiosity, I'd like to know what pitch accent rule(s) apply here. I thought I'd heard the above-mentioned phrase ...
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1answer
369 views

Pitch accent for ないで and なくて

When I listen to Japanese people speak, I usually hear them say ないで{HLL} and なくて{HLL}, with the pitch drop always placed on な, no matter the verb. But I might just be hearing things wrong. However, I ...
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3answers
1k views

What are some examples of three-mora atamadaka verbs besides 帰る?

I couldn't find a good way to research this on my own, I'm afraid. I'm not looking for a comprehensive list by any means (in before it turns out 帰る is the only one...), but rather just a few examples ...
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2answers
183 views

How to differentiate between 異常 and 異状 in speech?

I believe I roughly understand the difference in meaning between the two. However, as far as I can tell, they have the same pitch accent - 大辞林 lists them both as being [0], ie 平板. Would context always ...
2
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1answer
431 views

Pitch Accent for Honorifics

I have been studying pitch accent for a few months now, primarily from the NHK Accent Dictionary. My Japanese is not terribly strong, so it took me a while to muddle through the explanations and ...
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1answer
174 views

Can native Japanese speakers pick up a distinctive accent in people whose first language contains contour tones?

First of all, I am an American, and my native language is American English. My home language or first language, on the other hand, is a contour tonal language, with multiple tones, probably 4 or 5, ...
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1answer
194 views

What is the difference between the pronunciation of 「休校【きゅうこう】」and「急行【きゅうこう】」?

「休校【きゅうこう】」と「急行【きゅうこう】」の発音はどう違いますか。 よろしくお願いします!
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1k views

Pitch Accent for ~ない and ~たい

It seems to be a pattern for i-adjectives (in their "dictionary-form") to have low intonation on the first and last morae and high intonation in between, at least if they are three morae or more in ...
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1answer
481 views

Pitch accent of nominalizers

Do the nominalizers "no" and "koto" have recessive accent (i.e. no downstep) or downstep after the first syllable? Or are they enclitic (i.e. unaccented unless following a word with no downstep in ...
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1answer
272 views

Difference between おじいさん and おじさん

I'm wondering if there is much difference in the pronunciation of the words or intonation of them. Is it just the long vowel?
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1answer
233 views

Pronunciation Troubles with トラブル and トラブる: Loanwords with both noun and verb ending in ru mora

Following this comment: What is the difference in pronunciation or pitch accent between: トラブル and トラブる ダブル and ダブる What are the regional differences (if any)? Is the pronunciation rule ...
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1answer
219 views

'mo' and 'demo' pronunciation research

I am looking for a native speaker who could answer the following question: Is there any difference in pronunciation of the morpheme 'mo' in the following words (are there any differences in tone)? ...
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1answer
286 views

Pitch accent variations within giongo words like ふわふわ

According to the NHK Accent dictionary, the pitch accent for ふわふわ can be: (a) ふわふわ {HLLL} or (b) ふわふわ {LHHH} It is (a) when する is attached and it is (b) when used as a simple adjective. First, ...
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1answer
105 views

Am I hearing the pitch accent of "家具売り場" correctly?

I was watching the anime K-On and came across this sentence: えっと家具売り場は… https://instaud.io/_/2JFq.mp3 They were at a big store, wanted to buy a shelf and were looking for where they sell furniture. ...
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1answer
122 views

Different pitch accent patterns of もっとも?

The word もっとも has a few different uses. For example, jisho.org lists the following: 最も(もっとも) Adverb most; extremely Other forms 最も ​【もとも​】、尤も ​【もっとも​】、尤も ​【もとも​】 尤も(もっとも) Conjunction but then; ...
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0answers
350 views

Pitch accent in combination with the を particle

I learnt that a word like 花 (はな) is of pitch pattern (2), i.e. with a drop after the last mora in case it is followed by a particle. Yet, when I hear people use a word like this is combination with ...
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1answer
223 views

Is there a historical explanation why verbs fall into two categories of pitch accent?

Is there a good historical or logical explanation why all verbs fall into two categories of pitch accent: either accentless (such as 買う, 浴びる) or accented (such as 食べる, 書く)? I am having a hard time ...
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1answer
291 views

Can somebody give me the right pitch accent for the following verbal forms?

Can somebody give me the right pitch accent for the following verbal forms? As they are verbs, they should all be either accentless or accented on the penultimate syllable (although I am not sure how ...
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2answers
852 views

How do you find pitch accent? Is it important?

I've seen some people say it is unecessary to learn pitch accent, but with my current knowledge, there are multiple ways to say a word with pitch accent and if you don't know the pitch accent, the ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Pitch accent for numbers?

I haven't been able to find a good source online, so I'm asking you guys. What is the pitch-accent rule for numbers? Is 十五 (じゅうご) a 0 or a 1 or a 3 or what? Is there a general pattern? I realize that ...
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0answers
272 views

Word lists/sources for pitch accent in Middle Japanese

Is there anywhere I can find a list of words and what their reconstructed pitches were in Middle Japanese? Or especially what words we have tone dot information on (with a preference for the oldest ...
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1answer
2k views

Why is that sometimes I hear kudasai (with d) pronounced as kurasai (a slight r sound)?

Here's an example: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YMgXlcgj8Y8&t=61s I'm a Chilean-born Taiwanese, so I'm not sure if my ears are confusing things. Or maybe this is due different Japanese ...