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Questions tagged [past]

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8
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2answers
1k views

Is there a distinction between ‘did“ and ”have done" in Japanese?

According to internet sources and my Chinese friend living in Japan, there isn't. However, can someone provide more evidence on this issue? If there is no grammatical distinction, how can we ...
8
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2answers
193 views

What does the ~たものか mean in どうやって彼らを誤魔化したものか?

I stumbled upon this sentence: どうやって彼らを誤魔化したものか──と思案するように、ヒューイは愛想笑いを浮かべた。 and I was told that I should understand it as どうやって彼らを誤魔化せばいいだろうか──と思案するように、ヒューイは愛想笑いを浮かべた。 However I can't find in ...
7
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3answers
1k views

Differences between た/てた

Context: From Yotsuba&, they went gathering chestnuts and one of them had a bug in it so they threw it away. But here the young girl is eating from the rest and her sister is saying that there ...
5
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1answer
142 views

Does ばかり (meaning 'just happened') have to be a voluntary action (like たところ?)

Is ばかり the same as たところ in the sense that the action must be voluntary? e.g. Winter just ended, could you use ばかり?
5
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2answers
171 views

Can the て-form be used as a た-form substitute?

I've been reading manga by myself for some time, and I've been noticing sentences where the て-form takes the role of a past tense marker (that is, the role of the た-form). At first I was letting it ...
4
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1answer
214 views

ムダ足だった == useless leg?

When I look up the phrase 無駄足だった, I see it translated as "It was a Wild goose chase." I found this bizarre, since it seems like it would mean "It was a useless foot/leg." is this some sort of figure ...
4
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1answer
117 views

what form 死ねたのに is?

I've come across this phrase 今の一撃を素直に食らっておけば、楽に死ねたのにね and I think it translates to something like: "if you had taken that attack obediently, you would have died in peace", but I can't really ...
4
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2answers
250 views

Negative present endings translated as past tense

I've seen certain translations where I feels like there's a shift in the tenses. Ex: なぜ早く言わない!? translated to "Why didn't you say so sooner!?" In fact, I've experienced a lot of cases where a ...
3
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2answers
354 views

How to express feelings about a performed action?

I am wondering how I express my feelings about an action that has already occurred/been performed. For example, how would I state the following: I am happy to have returned home. I am sad that I ...
3
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2answers
236 views

Negative Past Tense

I was reading a book and ran into the following sentence: 「 聞こえたか聞こえないかというくらいの音だ。」 It's supposed to mean something along the lines of "The sound was so quiet that I wasn't even sure if I heard it or ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Usage of「次第に」with the past tense

I am confused as if I should put the verb preceding 「次第に」 at the past tense or just use the dictionary version: ランチを食べた次第に帰った Or ランチを食べる次第に帰った Also, if this grammar is not appropriate in this ...
3
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1answer
205 views

だったら as an interjection

だったらさ! だった is the completed tense of だ, ら is a rough indicator, and さ is an assertion. The completed existential verb with the rough indicator would seem to say something like "Things having been ...
2
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3answers
460 views

Why 入った and not 入た past tense

I've learned that ru verbs should drop る and replace it with た. But 入る becomes 入った and I'm not sure why. The same goes for 食べる → 食べた しゃべる → しゃべた Are these irregulars or am I misunderstanding ...
2
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2answers
3k views

How to say 'I had never been before'

I understand forming the past tense like 'I have not been' but I'm unsure as to how to phrase this as it is something that was true but now is not. If that makes sense. It's the 'had' part that's ...
2
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1answer
486 views

How do you say: “it could have been avoided” The correct way?

I tried, but ended up with this: それは避けられたかもしれない。 But, I do not know if it is right to say it that way
2
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2answers
4k views

what is the difference between oshieta and oshiete kureta?

oshieta is the plain past tense of oshieru and oshiete kureta is usually translated as the past tense of oshieru too. What is the difference between them?
2
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2answers
212 views

Future II Simple in Japanese

How can you express something like "Tomorrow I will have finished my work" or "Because I have to do hard word tomorrow, I will be very tired in the evening"? 明日、仕事を絶対終えたようとする。 ? 明日、にくい仕事があるから、...
2
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1answer
206 views

Connective だって and use of せっかく

It's hard to tell where the following breaks up as it's in one bubble. まあまあ せっかくだから[買]{か}いに[行]{い}ったらどうだ [山田]{やまだ}だって[必要]{ひつよう}だろ Anyway. My attempt at (somewhat literal) translation here is: ...
2
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1answer
126 views

A sentence where the conjugation in the past tense confounds me

In the sentence: これ以上は 死タからその 前に殺さナいと, I find it perplexing that 死タからそ is conjugated in the past tense. It being the reason (-から) for 殺さナいと, shouldn't it be in present tense? Or am I mixing it up ...
1
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2answers
3k views

Using とる to say I took a picture of my dog in the park

I see the を particle is used with the verb, but I don't know how it works in the sentence. Is it: わたしはこうえんでわたしのいぬのしゃしんをとりました。 Or: わたしはこうえんでわたしのいぬをとりました。
1
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1answer
113 views

plain + とき + plain or polite?

If I use the plain past tense of a verb before とき, do I have to use the plain past tense in the sentence that comes after it, or is it okay to use the polite past tense? For example, I'm trying to say,...
1
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1answer
98 views

Confusion on use of だった with sentence that uses nominalized verb

I'm reading a book and have come across this sentence アニーが指さしているのは、一本のなわばしごだった。 I know this sentence translates to something like Annie was pointing to a long rope ladder. But what I truly don'...
1
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2answers
140 views

Question about using the past form verb 「まった」 in this sentence

It is a situation that a boxing fight will begin very soon. Suddenly, a trainer of a boxer thought that his man could be knocked out very easily. He then said the following sentence. Anyway, the ...
1
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1answer
63 views

Expressing 'likeness' and using ku Verbs in the past tense

I'm trying to say "I drew an original character in the NEWGAME! style" 俺はオリギナル、カラクターを描いたNEWGAME!みたい That is the way I formulated my sentence but it seems off; can someone help?
1
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1answer
221 views

Chaining sentences, and past form

Take the following sentence: "I knew that you were/are an angel" For fun, and since I happened to know the one word of vocabulary required for this, I tried to translate it. To do so, I thought about ...
1
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1answer
69 views

atteita vs atteimashita

I am learning Japanese and I'm always mixing these two. Can someone explain what's the difference between them and how are they used? My only understanding is the first is verb+tte+ita which is kinda ...
1
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1answer
149 views

When to use te form and past tense

Was going through my Genki book and saw an example sentence of te form verb but it ended in past tense. (言う いってた) Why use the te form at all and not just past tense 「あきらさんは何て言ってた?」 「...
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1answer
346 views

The past tense casual form of iru and iku

In the question and similar ones: Nihon e itta koto ga aru? How can one know whether itta is the past tense of iku or iru?
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2answers
146 views

past / future — “抜けたら” — 「国境の長いトンネルを抜けると雪国であった」

Other uses of the particle と: トンネルを抜けると雪国であった 「国境の長いトンネルを抜けると雪国であった」 抜ける looks like present (but we know it's past) -- What is the usual explantion for this ? 「国境の長いトンネルを抜けたら雪国であった」 <--- Here ...
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1answer
275 views

Infinitive form + た or た form

兄ちゃんも行きたいって言ってたし。 I'm pretty sure it's 言. The only difference is the top mark is horizontal. Every time time I analyze it, though, I wind up with 言. Anyway, my question regards the 行きた. According ...
0
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1answer
112 views

Meaning of ジョンさんはきのう五時間しか寝ませんでした 。 [duplicate]

So I saw this one in one my books and was wondering how it gets translated into John slept five hours yesterday. ジョンさんはきのう五時間しか寝ませんでした. Any kind of explanation is appreciated, my book maybe covers ...
0
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0answers
55 views

Only 〜ます in ending verb vs. 〜ませんでした [duplicate]

As I understand, 〜ます should only be used in the ending verb while others inside the sentence should be in basic form. How come, then, that the polite past negative tense is made using 〜ませんでした, which ...
-1
votes
1answer
161 views

Is there a difference between 行くった and 行った or is the first one grammatically wrong?

When I want to write ‘Today I went to Nagoya.’ Which one is correct? 今日は名古屋に行くった。 Or 今日は名古屋に行った。
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2answers
413 views

相対テンス — ①ハワイへ行く時、帽子を買う。 ②ハワイへ行く時、帽子を買った。 ③ハワイへ行った時、帽子を買う。 ④ハワイへ行った時、帽子を買った。

http://blog.livedoor.jp/robinsonrobin/archives/8036910.html ハワイへ行く時、帽子を買う。  ハワイへ行く時、帽子を買った。  ハワイへ行った時、帽子を買う。 ハワイへ行った時、帽子を買った。 If I completely understand these, will I have undertood half of all ...