Questions tagged [passive-voice]

受動態. Verb forms with the affix -(r)are-. Besides the passive meaning, this morpheme also has spontaneous, honorific, and potential meanings.

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2
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2answers
62 views

Is it OK to promote an object as the topic and change all relevant verbs to passive forms?

Once I have thrown an opponent to the ground and if I push his elbow outward, he will automatically lie face down to counter his pain. 相手は投げられてから、外側に肘を押されると、痛くならないように自動にうつ伏す。 Is it OK to promote ...
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648 views

私に言われても versus 私が言われても

I am aware that "言われる" means "to be told". My impression would be that "私に言われても" means "Even if I told you..." while "私が言われても" means "Even if I am told...". But this site answer seems to suggest that ...
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1answer
309 views

Causative-passive contracted form

I'm working through the book Nihongo So-matome N3 Choukai and on one page there is a side note about contracting the causative-passive form (e.g. 待たせられる=待たされる). Underneath it says 「食べる、話す、する、来る、...
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Differing explanations of 〜ところを

My textbook has this example sentence: 試験中、となりの人の答えを見ているところを先生に注意された。 The interpretation of this sentence hinges around ところを, and I'm not 100% sure what that means. The textbook simply indicates ...
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83 views

Specific usage of て形

Could someone please explain what function the 落ち着いて is serving in the below? What is its subject? CONTEXT: One character is musing out loud about the recent murders (it's a mystery manga) and she ...
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2answers
269 views

Confusing embedded question

Context: a girl and her parents are attacked, and her parents are killed before she is saved by someone. He apologizes (for being too late to save her parents) and then says this: ……せめて。...
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4answers
444 views

Difference between ~のことを書いた本 and ~のことを書かれた本

From the start of 星の王子さま: 僕が六歳だったときのことだ。「ほんとうにあった話」という原生林のことを書いた本で、すごい絵を見た。 It was when I was six years old. I saw an amazing picture in a book called "Stories that Really Happened" that (someone)...
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137 views

Can the auxiliary ~やがる be used with passive tense?

I thought I heard someone use it in this way recently, but it just a conversation I overheard so I cannot be sure exactly. A standard use might be: 「あいつが邪魔しやがった。」 But can it ever be combined with a ...
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319 views

causative, passive, causative-passive [closed]

I have been studying the causative, passive, causative-passive forms and found that they are very confusing. I am not confused much about the conjugation (される, etc), but in identifying the who/what ...
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245 views

How to use わめかれた?

As like this 泣きわめかれた。 I know it has to do with crying.
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863 views

Nuances? 見つける vs 見つかる

So I get that 見つける takes an object and 見つかる doesn't, but can anyone tell me if there are any major differences between 答えを見つけた and 答えが見つかった If I came across an answer by chance, does the second ...
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Meaning and use of けが (injury)

a) 2つの事件で13人が亡くなって、52人がけがをしました。 In the two events 13 people died and 52 people were injured. b) 彼女はけがをした 1) The girl was injured 2) The girl injured herself The meaning of a) is ...
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208 views

Usage of 方 to mean person, interchangeability of くれる and もらう and passive form

So I stumbled upon the following sentence: 特に日本人以外の人に日本語を教えてもらっている方に質問です I was having a problem with translating it because of the parsing, but now I kinda get it. What I could translate was "...
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Parsing potential phrase modifying a noun

From Hirameki Hatsume-chan Vol 1, chapter 71 How does the sentence in the third panel translate, and who is doing what to whom? Is it a potential and the どうぐ is "enabling" him to have good dreams or ...
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Could ひきつけられる mean “to get distracted”?

Context: a boy will soon take the test to become a pro-boxer. After a training match, his trainer says to him: まだひきつけられる。まだ寸歩踏み込める。紙一重の域はまだ遠いな。 I found on dictionaries that 〜にひきつけられる means "to be ...
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328 views

君は、持っているものに気づかれなかったのか、元から持っていないのか、どっちだ。Meanining passive

I have a problem with the following sentence: 君は、持っているものに気づかれなかったのか、元から持っていないのか、どっちだ。 The sentence was translated as: "Did they not notice what you had, or wasn't it yours from the beginning, ...
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Why 喜んで in 喜んであなたのお手伝いをします。is in some sort of imperative voice and not in passive voice?

喜んであなたのお手伝いをします。 is translated as I will be pleased to help you. あなたのお手伝いを "help to you" and is the direct object of the verb します , I understand this. But I don't understand why the verb ...
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When to use 受身形 (passive voice) And when to use 能動形 (active voice)?

The Japanese passive voice has been bothering me for quite a while. I mean, We don't really use it in English, and I still have not come across many situation (at least daily situations)Where the ...
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What is the use of the passive conjugation in these sentences?

I stumbled upon this sentence: 多くの方々が命を奪われた。 While I understand what this means, I'm not sure of why the passive verb there is (supposedly) correct. If I were to say that, I'd say 多くの方々の命が奪われた。 ...
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Why is the passive form used in this sentence?

The following sentence uses 感じられ which I understand to be the continuative passive form of the verb 感じる - "to feel". Why is this form used here? たった1分がものすごく長く感じられ 時間は はっきりとした悪意をもって ...
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Passive Verb + みる

A comment in one of my previous questions (Why is a verb in the past (た形) contradicted with ~ていない?) contained the following sentence (fragment?): 言われてみると不思議...。 I'm not entirely certain what this ...
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994 views

JLPT N3 Grammar - Passive form AND passive + te iru

I picked up the 日本語総まとめ book and I don't quite understand their explanation of passive. The book says that passive can be used when you mention a fact without a subject. However, in the example (...
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196 views

Do I need to use passive form here? “The mirror is broken due to his/her ugly face”

There is a proverb as follows. The mirror is (intentionally) broken due to his/her ugly face. More precisely, the mirror is broken by the user right after the user knows that her/his face is (so) ...
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190 views

恥をかく versus 恥をかかされる

Consider the following 2 sentences: A: 彼は恥をかく。He disgraces himself. B: 彼は恥をかかされる。He is disgraced. Questions Is かかされる rather than かかれる the passive form of かく in this case? Why does 彼は恥をかく ...
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Please help me understand 注がれた in this sentence and its conjugation

信じられないほど青い目、まるで淡いサファイアのようだ。その目がハリーを観察している。そして額の傷にじっと注がれた。 Why did they use passive form in this sentence and what does it mean when coming after noun + に ?
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How to understand this use of “sareru” in 「植物が成長を妨げられる」?

What does this mean? 植物が成長を妨げられる。 Can I get a more detailed overlook of 貰わせる and rareru and saseru and all those things depending on whether wo ni ga or whatever is used. It's really frustrating ...
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Could you help me translate this sentence? < 今更、咎められることなんて恐ろしくもない。>

I'm not really getting the meaning of this. Is it "At this point getting suspected is not even scary"? 今更、咎められることなんて恐ろしくもない。 I would be grateful if someone could help me :]
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112 views

Confusing 受け身 questions

I am looking at the following problem: 自分の考えに自信を持ち、これで良いのだと自分に言いきかせるだけは充分ではない。他の人の考えにも、肯定的な姿勢を(  )しなくてはならない。どんなものでもその気になって探せば、必ずいいところがある。それを称揚する.... The four possible answers are : a. とるように b. ...
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135 views

A little help with the passive form

さて本日より貴様らに新たな命令が下されるわけだが "Now then, today I’m going to give you new orders" I don’t get why the 貴様 is being targeted by the action. Shouldn’t they be doing the action instead? For example, ...
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210 views

How does the passive form work here?

This is from a visual novel. A dude is talking to his underlings: さって本日よりきさまらに新たな命令が下されるわけだが It translates to "Well now I’m calling you to give new orders" I was under the impression that ...
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Can someone explain how to use the passive here

Im having a bit of trouble understanding the passive I would like to translate "You really want me to say that I'm weak don't you ?" 俺は弱いって かなり言われてほしいですね Is this right? Another line that I'd ...
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196 views

How to use 紹介される?

Active A: AはBにCを紹介する。 A': A introduces C to B. Questions How to make C and B (respectively) subjects of passive sentences?
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141 views

How to make a new sentence from 「母が私に卵を食べさせた。」where 卵 must be the subject?

A: 母が私に卵を食べさせた。My mother forced me to eat eggs. B: 私が母に卵を食べさせられた。I have been forced to eat eggs by my mother. Now I want to make the eggs as the subject. How to make this sentence in Japanese? ...
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Grammar and meaning of 凝りに凝って出された

The author complains that when men cook they only put one dish (type of food) on the table: なぜならその一品は、素材を選び抜いて、奮発して、時間をかけて、腕によりをかけて、凝りに凝って出された逸品なのだから。 If (you ask) why that one dish, it's because ...
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What is the difference between 捕まえられた and 捕まった?

Consider the following sentences: A: 私が警察に捕まえられた。 B: 私が警察に捕まった。 Both mean I was caught by the police. Question What is the difference between 捕まえられた and 捕まった ?
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Is this sentence correct? courtesy/honorific use of the passive

総理大臣【そうりだいじん】はヨーロッパを訪問【ほうもん】されたくさんの国々の大統領【だいとうりょう】に会われた。 "The prime minister visited Europe and met the presidents of various countries". され is as this to link the phrase right? Why use "を" as if ...
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280 views

Translation of “want to be taught by him”?

I know to teach is 教え, but I'm not sure how to use the passive form. Google Translate gave 彼が教えしたいです, but that seems he wants to teach (sb). How about 教わたい?
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Confused over 「ろうそくが置かれている」

I encountered this sentence. 「ろうそくが置かれている」 I can tell from context it means something like "Candles are placed", but I'm confused about the usage of ている with a transitive verb. Genki tells me that ...
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Meaning of 言われ + ても

I was looking up the conjugation of 言う, and the passive form of it is 言われる. In the sentence below, which I did not write, ても gets attached to that verb form after first dropping る. Can someone please ...
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237 views

relative clause with Causative-Passive Verb

In this grammatical construction: X (doer)-は/が + Y (place)-で\に + Z (causer)-に + W (direct object)-を + Causative-Passive Verb (transitive verb) What particles are used if the following relative ...
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240 views

によって and passive question

実力差は明確だった。 ライダーの速度は攻めれば攻めるほど減速していく。 目にも止まらぬ高速移動と連続攻撃。 セイバーによって傷つけられた体を癒す自然治癒。 後の事など考えない。 全ての燃料を燃やして畳み掛けなければセイバーを抑えきれない。 The fantranslation says: Natural healing that regenerates the ...
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301 views

Subject and object of a passive sentence are interchangeable?

I am a bit confused with passive sentences in Japanese. For example, when I want to say "My back was pushed by someone on the train.", if I am correct, the Japanese version can be phrased in 2 ...
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I have some problem with passive form of verbs, and actually with に particle in it

So, I have this: 父に犬を追いかけられています。 Is it correct? And what does that に particle mean?
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とでたしか。。。出してられます: particle and tense question

From Haruki Murakami's preface to Yume de Aimashō: ときどき「糸井さんと村上さんとでたしか『夢で会いましょう』という対談集出してられますね」と言われることがあるけれど、それは明らかなマチガイです。 I'm guessing that it parses as to de tashika, right? If so, questions: ...
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Meaning of volitional passive form

お姉ちゃんに何を言われようが、まる子はウキウキ気分なのであった。 What was said by her sister ???? but, Maruko felt cheerful. I can't think of any way in which something which is passive can also be volitional. How do I understand ...
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How to say “by ___”

How do I say an action was performed "by" someone? For example: I was rejected by him. I was laughed at by him Sorry if I'm not making sense.. basically when someone else does something to ...
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1answer
127 views

Using に as subject marker in non-passive/causative sentence

In this question I was given 「(私は)あの人に怒っている。」 as a way to say "that person makes me angry". I'm a little confused because it looks to me very much like a passive construction, "I, that person ...
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90 views

Can “AはBに影響されない” and “AはBに影響しない” ever have the same meaning?

In a conversation, I wanted to say: A does not affect B. We'd been discussing A and B for awhile, and I said: (1) AはBを影響{えいきょう}しない。 I was stopped and told to say: (2) AはBに影響されない。 then ...
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179 views

Making relative clauses in passive and active forms for every part of a sentence

I have a base sentence as follows. AさんはBさんに足を踏まれました。(A's feet was stepped on by B.) I am trying to make a relative clause for Aさん, Bさん, and 足 each as follows. Aさん Passive: Bさんに足を踏まれた人はAさんです。 ...
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932 views

Causative-Potential or Causative-Passive

Does a verbal form like this exist. I found this sentence while reading. 一体どこの誰に、今のこいつを黙らせられるっていうのか。 Or should I say, who the hell could be able to silence her. I think the meaning is this,...