Questions tagged [passive-voice]

受動態. Verb forms with the affix -(r)are-. Besides the passive meaning, this morpheme also has spontaneous, honorific, and potential meanings.

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25
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2answers
4k views

Passive-transitive-verb vs. Intransitive-verb (他動詞の受け身 vs. 自動詞)

I think I know the answer to this, but it still creeps up in my mind all the time; something I'd like to research more. I want to know technical differences as well as common usage. When do you use ...
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Passive form - The exact difference between を and が

I've seen this question asked before, but i feel the answer didn't quite answer all my questions, so here goes. Now, I am rather sure that this: ケーキが食べられた Means: The cake was eaten. (by ...
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1answer
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How to interpret indirect passives?

While looking up some grammar points I stumbled across this paper which describes something that it calls "indirect passives". I can't think of anything similar in English, and I'm having ...
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Meaning of volitional passive form

お姉ちゃんに何を言われようが、まる子はウキウキ気分なのであった。 What was said by her sister ???? but, Maruko felt cheerful. I can't think of any way in which something which is passive can also be volitional. How do I understand ...
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512 views

Why is the passive form used in this sentence?

The following sentence uses 感じられ which I understand to be the continuative passive form of the verb 感じる - "to feel". Why is this form used here? たった1分がものすごく長く感じられ 時間は はっきりとした悪意をもって ...
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481 views

「を」 object marker in this 受身形{うけみけい} sentence [duplicate]

A native speaker told me that: 泥棒{どろぼう}に、お財布{さいふ} を 、盗{ぬす}まれた。 is correct. However, I sure think that: 泥棒に、お財布 が 、盗まれた。 is correct. Moreover, I am pretty sure that using the object marker, 「を」, in ...
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Fun with synonyms - “to grab/catch/capture”

Here's a question for you experts. I've actually asked this to my Japanese friends, but I want to see how you guys answer too. Explain the differences in the following verbs and which one(s) appear ...
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1answer
235 views

How to use 紹介される?

Active A: AはBにCを紹介する。 A': A introduces C to B. Questions How to make C and B (respectively) subjects of passive sentences?
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2answers
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How to differentiate ~られる conjugation between passive form and potential form?

For verbs of group 2, whose ~ます form is formed by dropping the ending ~る from the plain form, both the passive and potential forms have the same conjugation: ~られる. Example: 食べられる 1. to be eaten ...
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4answers
586 views

Does indirect passive allow for the を in “四方を海に囲まれる”

My textbook has this example: 四方を海に囲まれる。 Is it the indirect passive that allows for the を direct object marker to be used in that passive voice example? This sentence matches my understanding of ...
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Passive verb forms for intransitive verbs

Okay, so I'm confused about passive verbs. From how I understand it, the verb is performed on the subject. but how come you can say something like 明日の会議に行かれるんですか? Are you going to tomorrow's ...
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1answer
281 views

can 美化語{びかご} create implied subjects?

As mentioned in the Addressing strangers without knowing the name thread, 敬語{けいご} often communicates the implied actors in a sentence. The thread titled using 美化語 in 謙譲語 verb forms does not make sense,...
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809 views

Shorter Causative Form Popularity

How common is the shortened causative form, eg. 食べさす instead of 食べさせる. Tae Kim says in his grammar guide (http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/causepass) that the shorter causative-passive ...
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3answers
262 views

発する, 罰する, 反する, etc. taking strange conjugation せられる for the passive form

I am sure this has been asked before, but due to this form's similarity to the causative-passive (e.g. 行かせられる), I simply cannot find anything except for some thick Japanese explanations complete with ...
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1answer
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causative passive potential form

I've been reading into a little bit of more advanced grammar and am trying to get my head around the causative and the passive form. (yes yes N1 people. That's not actually advanced.) The causative I ...
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2answers
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Difference between passive form and てある

I'm confused about the difference between the passive form and the てある form. 飲み物はもう買ってあります。 The drinks have already been bought. 飲み物はもう買われました。 The drinks were already bought. Are my translations ...
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2answers
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How to distinguish between passive and potential forms of the verb?

I've read that potential form of the ru-verb is formed by replacing る with られる, which is exactly the same for the passive form of ru-verbs. How can we tell the passive form and potential apart in this ...
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925 views

私に言われても versus 私が言われても

I am aware that "言われる" means "to be told". My impression would be that "私に言われても" means "Even if I told you..." while "私が言われても" means "Even if I am told...". But this site answer seems to suggest that ...
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1answer
234 views

Differing explanations of 〜ところを

My textbook has this example sentence: 試験中、となりの人の答えを見ているところを先生に注意された。 The interpretation of this sentence hinges around ところを, and I'm not 100% sure what that means. The textbook simply indicates ...
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1answer
272 views

Passive usage of 「済まされない」 in sentences

I cannot get my head around the verb 「済ます」/「済まされない」 in this sentence. 月10万円では済まされない。 I found this in the プログレッシブ和英中辞典 on goo dictionary's page for the verb 「済ます」. The page says that the sentence ...
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1answer
236 views

Is this sentence correct? courtesy/honorific use of the passive

総理大臣【そうりだいじん】はヨーロッパを訪問【ほうもん】されたくさんの国々の大統領【だいとうりょう】に会われた。 "The prime minister visited Europe and met the presidents of various countries". され is as this to link the phrase right? Why use &...
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1answer
105 views

why does the following title end “…守られる” and not “守られている”? just to save space?

I read the title of the article キタシロサイ、地球にたった1匹のオス、24時間体制で守られる as "The last male rhino on earth is being protected by a system that is active 24-hrs per day." The " ...is being protected... " makes ...
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3answers
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The meaning of ”あれは魔術師に与えられた祝福”

I translated the sentence "あれは魔術師に与えられた祝福” to something along the line of "That is something that was given a blessing by a sorcerer" but in the translation that I compared it to, the translator ...
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3answers
628 views

How do I interpret the Japanese construction of verb+noun?

A) Let's take just transitive verbs first: 食べる人 食べられる人 B) Now let's take intransitive verbs: 起きる人 起きられる人 起こす人 起こされる人 OK, this thing has confused me for a very long time now, like really long. Thus ...
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Verbs which are more frequently used to built the honorific passive forms

I'd like to ask you a question about this honorific form. I will give an example as detailed as possible to make this question clear. The verb yomu is often used in passive form to show respect: ...
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2answers
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Grammar and meaning of 凝りに凝って出された

The author complains that when men cook they only put one dish (type of food) on the table: なぜならその一品は、素材を選び抜いて、奮発して、時間をかけて、腕によりをかけて、凝りに凝って出された逸品なのだから。 If (you ask) why that one dish, it's because ...
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1answer
208 views

Is there a reason why the passive and the potential form are identical (at least for える/いる verbs)?

Is there a reason why the passive and the potential form in Japanese are identical (at least for える/いる verbs)? I mean, does one etymologically derive from the other? Or were they perhaps modelled on a ...
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How does one make potential passive in Japanese?

For ichidan verbs, potential form is made by changing the ru to rareru. The same is done to change them to passive. e.g taberu -> taberareru (can eat; also, be eaten) For godan verbs, potential is ...
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283 views

How to use わめかれた?

As like this 泣きわめかれた。 I know it has to do with crying.
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1answer
334 views

Subject and object of a passive sentence are interchangeable?

I am a bit confused with passive sentences in Japanese. For example, when I want to say "My back was pushed by someone on the train.", if I am correct, the Japanese version can be phrased in 2 ...
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3answers
268 views

Xに捕まる vs Xに捕まえられる

Xに捕まる was used when describing the speaker getting grabbed by X when trying to leave. Why was the intransitive used over passive when it was Xに...?
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1answer
249 views

Could you please explain the use of passive voice in the following sentences?

I would like you to help me to understand this grammar pattern (Nに)Vれる presented in Nihongo Sou Matome JLPT N3 (Pg.14). I'm not able to understand why the passive voice is used in the example ...
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1answer
231 views

How does the passive form work here?

This is from a visual novel. A dude is talking to his underlings: さって本日よりきさまらに新たな命令が下されるわけだが It translates to "Well now I’m calling you to give new orders" I was under the impression that ...
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1answer
313 views

Is there a good etymological reason why the potential form in Japanese requires the が particle?

Is there a good etymological reason why the potential form in Japanese requires the が particle? When dealing with the -たい suffix, which also requires the -が particle for what in other languages would ...
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1answer
435 views

What forms of verbs (potential or passive) are more frequent in Japanese?

A simple question to those speaking and the native ones. What of the two forms (potential verbs or passive voice verbs) in Japanese verbs is more frequent? This question may seem strange, but I need ...
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1answer
452 views

Meaning of 小せェもんに縛られてる

Context: in a flashback, a Cuban boxer is thinking back to when he was in Cuba before seeking asylum (亡命) and migrating to America. He had just won a gold medal for his country in the Olympics. ...
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1answer
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Meaning of 言われ + ても

I was looking up the conjugation of 言う, and the passive form of it is 言われる. In the sentence below, which I did not write, ても gets attached to that verb form after first dropping る. Can someone please ...
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1answer
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The grammar of “虎から食べられた” and “虎に食べられた”?

MORE INFO In an effort to make my question as short as possible, I abbreviated too much. This is the complete sentence that originated my question: 少年時代から20年間もずっと過ごしてきて、他人から軽んじられるのに慣れていなかった。 ...
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1answer
439 views

Function of に in this passive construction

I understand the basics of the "suffering passive". For example, it's my understanding that in a sentence like 友達にビールを飲まれた, "tomodachi ni" marks the person who drank your beer. ぼくにもんくいわれても困る Who ...
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2answers
551 views

What is the difference between 捕まえられた and 捕まった?

Consider the following sentences: A: 私が警察に捕まえられた。 B: 私が警察に捕まった。 Both mean I was caught by the police. Question What is the difference between 捕まえられた and 捕まった ?
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What does やられてる mean in this sentence?

I came across this line today which left me a bit confused: 彼らには子分を二人もやられてる。 The speaker is referring to men from a gang. I've struggled with the meaning of やる outside of its most basic usage, but ...
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2answers
259 views

Passive form of 逃げる: 逃げられた vs. 逃げられる

I was reading in Basic Japanese Grammar Dictionary about the passive voice, and it says that you use ~られる form to conjugate verbs. (p33) So [逃]{に}げる would be 逃げられる, ok. But it is used other form, ...
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1answer
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Passive voice (~あれる) + Te form?

I've been faced with the following sentence: いきなりあんな事聞かれて平常心でいられるかよ! What I'm wondering about it is the "聞かれて" part. I know that Kikareru would be the passive form of Kiku - to listen. So, what ...
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1answer
183 views

Is this sentence indirect passive?

昔、ある月刊誌で書評を頼まれたことがある。 Some time ago, I was asked to do a book review by a certain monthly magazine. Am I correct in my understanding that when a passive verb conjugation takes an object then you ...
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1answer
883 views

Is 行かされた a typo?

I have the following to translate for class. 病気になって 頭と首が痛くて 熱もあったので 銀行の隣の病院に 行かされた This is what I have so far. I became sick and my head and neck hurt and I also had a fever so to ...
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2answers
5k views

When to use 受身形 (passive voice) And when to use 能動形 (active voice)?

The Japanese passive voice has been bothering me for quite a while. I mean, We don't really use it in English, and I still have not come across many situation (at least daily situations)Where the ...
3
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1answer
159 views

Using もらう with に/を particle and passive/causative forms

I was learning passive and causative forms of Japanese coupled with もらう and particles, and got very confused. A couple of examples and what I think they mean: AさんはBさんを病院に送ってもらう - A received a favor ...
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1answer
191 views

How was 組まされた conjugated?

I am wondering how 組まされた was conjugated. I know it is a form of the verbs 組む and する, but I don't know why む became ま, instead of the stem plus the passive form of する. Is there something I am not ...
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2answers
188 views

Parsing potential phrase modifying a noun

From Hirameki Hatsume-chan Vol 1, chapter 71 How does the sentence in the third panel translate, and who is doing what to whom? Is it a potential and the どうぐ is "enabling" him to have good dreams or ...
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1answer
91 views

Grammar of プレッシャーに晒される

不条理な暴力によるプレッシャーに晒される after some searching, I also found these sentences: 絶え間ないプレッシャーにさらされる 来る日も来る日もプレッシャーにさらされる プレッシャーに晒す, as far as i can tell, you a transitive verb can't take noun+に ...