Questions tagged [passive-voice]

受動態. Verb forms with the affix -(r)are-. Besides the passive meaning, this morpheme also has spontaneous, honorific, and potential meanings.

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3
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1answer
100 views

Struggling with identifying the 'correct' verb here (+intransitivity)

This sentence is giving me a hard time ... 「下り坂を休まれちまった、残りは1000と数百...」 (The sentence was uttered during a horse race when the speaker was passed by other competitors as he was saving his horse's ...
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673 views

Likely Sentences (Nuance in use of 〜てもらう vs Passive form)

Our professor gave us some problems where you are suppose to circle which statement the person is more likely to say. Below is an example. おまわりさん よく道を聞かれます。 よく道を聞いてもらいます。 I think this means ...
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2answers
880 views

How to use the passive form to say “This flower was watered.”

I would like to use the passive form in describing the fact that a flower has been watered. Is この花は水をやられた correct? What difference does この花は水がやられた make or would that be incorrect? A brief ...
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3answers
230 views

発する, 罰する, 反する, etc. taking strange conjugation せられる for the passive form

I am sure this has been asked before, but due to this form's similarity to the causative-passive (e.g. 行かせられる), I simply cannot find anything except for some thick Japanese explanations complete with ...
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0answers
158 views

What is AはBにCに?

I've seen this construction a few times but couldn't find it in my textbooks, so I'd like to know how it's called and, if possible, how it works. Since it was pretty much unclear, here I add some ...
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1answer
94 views

される and られる confusing meaning

I have some trouble with my Japanese studies. I am stuck on some causative passive meanings. So far, if I am right, there are 3 causative-passive forms: られる: X is being ... by Y させられる: Y forces X ...
4
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1answer
231 views

Is this sentence correct? courtesy/honorific use of the passive

総理大臣【そうりだいじん】はヨーロッパを訪問【ほうもん】されたくさんの国々の大統領【だいとうりょう】に会われた。 "The prime minister visited Europe and met the presidents of various countries". され is as this to link the phrase right? Why use "を" as ...
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1answer
101 views

Who is the object and subject in this passive sentence?

I came along a conversation between two characters that have a sort of rivals-to-lovers relationship. There's only two lines of dialogue, but I can't place the meaning. Person 1: 僕に愛される気あんの? ...
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2answers
161 views

“Was Warned that …” (correct word choice / use of passive?)

I am trying to write out a short speech to say after my companies morning exercises, and I have chosen the very exciting topic of ... the weather! Anyway I wish to convey this meaning in my ...
2
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1answer
223 views

Could you please explain the use of passive voice in the following sentences?

I would like you to help me to understand this grammar pattern (Nに)Vれる presented in Nihongo Sou Matome JLPT N3 (Pg.14). I'm not able to understand why the passive voice is used in the example ...
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1answer
398 views

Meaning of 小せェもんに縛られてる

Context: in a flashback, a Cuban boxer is thinking back to when he was in Cuba before seeking asylum (亡命) and migrating to America. He had just won a gold medal for his country in the Olympics. ...
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2answers
170 views

Can the auxiliary ~やがる be used with passive voice?

I thought I heard someone use it in this way recently, but it just a conversation I overheard so I cannot be sure exactly. A standard use might be: 「あいつが邪魔しやがった。」 But can it ever be combined with a ...
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1answer
136 views

Relative clauses modifying a noun: passive voice?

Hopefully, the two following sentences are grammatically valid: 旅行の後で帰った時話を話す。 旅行の後で帰った時話が話される。 If so, can I use either as a basis for a relative clause modifying 話; are the two following ...
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1answer
159 views

生活になぶられた、男の子は自殺した。Passive voice in Descriptive Relative clauses, and word choice

生活になぶられた、男の子は自殺した。 My translation: Tormented by daily life, the boy killed himself. My other translation: The boy who was tormented by daily life killed himself. I was wondering if there is ...
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2answers
137 views

What does やられてる mean in this sentence?

I came across this line today which left me a bit confused: 彼らには子分を二人もやられてる。 The speaker is referring to men from a gang. I've struggled with the meaning of やる outside of its most basic usage, but ...
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1answer
110 views

Passive ambiguity in this passage (「あなたに向けられる視線」・「殿下が判断された」)

A is a commoner right now. B is a high ranking commander. A ceremony just finished, involving A getting bestowed a role by the queen/殿下 as a reward for some good deeds. B was in the audience and was a ...
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2answers
140 views

がる passive form

In the following sentence, the verb がる appears to be used in passive form when the speaker is describing herself as a child: 私は少し奇妙がられる子供だった What does がる indicate when used in passive form? ...
3
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1answer
437 views

Why is に used with this verb?

I just read a manga where by context a girl broke up with her boyfriend. She says this. 逃げられたの 彼氏に!! 仕事に入れ込みすぎだって Why is 彼氏に used alongside the verb?
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2answers
147 views

Difference between します and されます

I'm trying to figure out the exact difference in the usage of します and されます. For example: (something)画面が表示します。 (something screen) will display 画面が表示されます。 (the screen will be displayed) ...
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When to use 受身形 (passive voice) And when to use 能動形 (active voice)?

The Japanese passive voice has been bothering me for quite a while. I mean, We don't really use it in English, and I still have not come across many situation (at least daily situations)Where the ...
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1answer
55 views

Confused by passive verb in 無理矢理されたこと

This is a sentence from the fifth story in キノの旅, which is 大人の国. For context, the narrator is talking about a time when she was a kid and she said something about the "surgery" that offended her ...
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1answer
120 views

Do you always need the passive voice when saying what happened to you?

For example if I wanted to say “He told me what I needed to know.” would I say 彼に知らなきゃことを教えられた? Or would it be something different? And do I always need to use it if I’m telling someone what ...
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How to say “I let him do X to me”?

If I said “he did X to me,” I would probably say 彼にXされた. On the other hand, if I said “I let him do X,” I would say 彼にXさせた. But if I were to combine the two and say 彼にXさせられた, that would mean “he made ...
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1answer
140 views

られる honorific/polite versus passive origin

Is the られる used as a honorific (some sources use "polite", but I assume it's a honorific?) related to the passive form (perhaps it's alternative usage) or is it something that emerged separately? (...
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2answers
574 views

What is 誘われて (Sasowarete) in this song lyric?

I am a beginner Japanese student, and I'm going through a song and translating it. I am struggling to understand the word 誘われて in the first line. I understand that the verb is 誘う; is this the -te form?...
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2answers
113 views

怒られるのが sentence construction

怒られるのが怖くて嘘をつくのは、子供にありがちな行動です。 why did we use 怒られるのが as subject ?? what is the sentence constructon
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144 views

もらわれていくの grammar

I have problem understanding grammar in this sentence: アニー、もらわれていくのがいやになったの。。。 Could you help to translate it and give links to grammar?
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Passive voice (~あれる) + Te form?

I've been faced with the following sentence: いきなりあんな事聞かれて平常心でいられるかよ! What I'm wondering about it is the "聞かれて" part. I know that Kikareru would be the passive form of Kiku - to listen. So, what ...
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1answer
241 views

Direct or indirect passive form?

外国人に質問を聞かれたが、答えられなかった。 Can anybody analyze the grammatical structure of this sentence? Is this an indirect passive sentence? Thanks.
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1answer
130 views

Passive sentence construction

I came across this sentence: 全員に作業が割り当てられました。 In a passive sentence, the particle に marks the action doer, and that means the sentences should translate to "Work was assigned (to me) by all ...
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2answers
205 views

What does 呼ばれてる mean in this context?

I’m reading a story, and in it 2 students are talking about a teacher. One says, ね、榎本先生ってさ。。。 男子にエロ本って呼ばれてるらしいよ。This is followed by a scene where the boys were caught with a prön mag, and the teacher ...
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1answer
108 views

How to use 誤認されます

How to say A was misidentified as B? AがBと誤認されました or AをBと誤認されました?
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1answer
133 views

Using もらう with に/を particle and passive/causative forms

I was learning passive and causative forms of Japanese coupled with もらう and particles, and got very confused. A couple of examples and what I think they mean: AさんはBさんを病院に送ってもらう - A received a favor ...
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2answers
132 views

もらう and もらって when used with various forms of verbs

What happens when I post-fix a って to もらう. Example: 手伝ってもらって. I know 手伝ってもらう means I receive the favor of someone helping me. But what does conjugating もらう to its て form does? Also, in its ...
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1answer
167 views

Could one have more than one verb in the same sentence be converted to indirect passive?

I understand Adversity (indirect) passive are used to describe unfortunate event. Am I correct in saying that the sentence patterns with transitive verbs of both adversity passive and simple (direct) ...
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2answers
120 views

What conjugation is 熱せられる? [duplicate]

This is a sentence from ねじまき鳥と火曜日の女たち by 村上春樹. スチーム・アイロンの蒸気音とコットンが熱せられる独得の匂いを楽しみながら... 熱する is a "special suru verb". I am assuming 熱せられる is read as ねっせられる. What form of conjugation is this? It ...
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1answer
166 views

Why 気にされる instead of 気にする?

These two characters are discussing ヒューバート in the below, and about how he lacks self awareness. However I am not sure why 気にされる was used instead of 気にする here. I know that される can be used as an ...
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1answer
114 views

Combination of causative-passive and intransive verb with a direct object?

I am struggling to understand this sentence’s structure: 宿題を時間内に終わらせられなかった。 I think I get the idea of causative-passive as in “I was being made to finish the homework”. However, I noticed that we ...
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3answers
226 views

Xに捕まる vs Xに捕まえられる

Xに捕まる was used when describing the speaker getting grabbed by X when trying to leave. Why was the intransitive used over passive when it was Xに...?
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1answer
103 views

Weird Inflection -されていかん

I am reading Alita Battle Angel, and I came across a sentence that I do understand, but for some reason is conjugated to the negative. Please could someone break the sentence down for me? (...
4
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1answer
101 views

passive ambiguity in this sentence

そう言って今度は頭を下げられる俺。 After saying that, she directs a bow at me. the other party is making a request so there is no doubt in context who is bowing. In isolation i find rearanging this relative ...
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2answers
992 views

Difference between passive form and てある

I'm confused about the difference between the passive form and the てある form. 飲み物はもう買ってあります。 The drinks have already been bought. 飲み物はもう買われました。 The drinks were already bought. Are my ...
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2answers
71 views

られる noun phrase

In the sentence : 日本で作られたもの ですが, ハワイに行ったときに買いました the noun phrase 日本で作られた describes もの. Why not use 日本の or 日本が in the noun phrase? From my understanding It would still mean that it is 'made in Japan'. ...
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1answer
84 views

What is the meaning of '育てられ方’ in this sentence?

I would appreciate it if someone could break down the grammar in this sentence for me and offer an English translation. What I am confused about is who the subject in this sentence is and whether '...
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1answer
77 views

Passive referring to one's own actions

for example 優美な笑顔を向けられ、そう答えるしかなかった。 寝たきりだった体を起こした時のような鈍い痛みが全身に走っていて、それは彼女と森で出会った頃よりも強く感じられた。 In these cases, the first person narrator is describing his own actions. In what circumstances ...
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1answer
81 views

[…]と言われ、傷つく母親たち - Was the に left out here or is it something else?

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_1130.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_002 The following sentence: 死産や流産のあと「早く忘れた方がいい」「次の子どもを」と言われ、傷つく母親たち。 My attempt at translation:...
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1answer
84 views

Grammar of プレッシャーに晒される

不条理な暴力によるプレッシャーに晒される after some searching, I also found these sentences: 絶え間ないプレッシャーにさらされる 来る日も来る日もプレッシャーにさらされる プレッシャーに晒す, as far as i can tell, you a transitive verb can't take noun+に ...
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2answers
113 views

Using 初めて with the passive

I was wondering how a passive sentence like: トムさんに話しかけられた。 Tom started talking (to me). could be changed to express that it was the first time that it happened. My attempt was: ...
5
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2answers
158 views

Does 考えさせられる小説 make sense?

Something I learned early on, when I learnt the causative-passive was, that the sentences also make sense, when you drop the causative-passive, e.g. 私はパンを食べさせられた。 私はパンを食べた。 Basically, "it's just a ...
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1answer
77 views

some questions on られる form

im self learning japanese and having problems understanding られる or 受け身 form of verbs. I am wondering why the following sentences are not ok: 私は石に頭に落ちられた トムは交差点の真ん中で車に止められた However it says ...