Questions tagged [passive-voice]

受動態. Verb forms with the affix -(r)are-. Besides the passive meaning, this morpheme also has spontaneous, honorific, and potential meanings.

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102 views

Passive ambiguity in this passage (「あなたに向けられる視線」・「殿下が判断された」)

A is a commoner right now. B is a high ranking commander. A ceremony just finished, involving A getting bestowed a role by the queen/殿下 as a reward for some good deeds. B was in the audience and was a ...
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がる passive form

In the following sentence, the verb がる appears to be used in passive form when the speaker is describing herself as a child: 私は少し奇妙がられる子供だった What does がる indicate when used in passive form? ...
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429 views

Why is に used with this verb?

I just read a manga where by context a girl broke up with her boyfriend. She says this. 逃げられたの 彼氏に!! 仕事に入れ込みすぎだって Why is 彼氏に used alongside the verb?
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Difference between します and されます

I'm trying to figure out the exact difference in the usage of します and されます. For example: (something)画面が表示します。 (something screen) will display 画面が表示されます。 (the screen will be displayed) ...
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How to use the passive form to say “This flower was watered.”

I would like to use the passive form in describing the fact that a flower has been watered. Is この花は水をやられた correct? What difference does この花は水がやられた make or would that be incorrect? A brief ...
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When to use 受身形 (passive voice) And when to use 能動形 (active voice)?

The Japanese passive voice has been bothering me for quite a while. I mean, We don't really use it in English, and I still have not come across many situation (at least daily situations)Where the ...
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Confused by passive verb in 無理矢理されたこと

This is a sentence from the fifth story in キノの旅, which is 大人の国. For context, the narrator is talking about a time when she was a kid and she said something about the "surgery" that offended her ...
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Do you always need the passive voice when saying what happened to you?

For example if I wanted to say “He told me what I needed to know.” would I say 彼に知らなきゃことを教えられた? Or would it be something different? And do I always need to use it if I’m telling someone what ...
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How to say “I let him do X to me”?

If I said “he did X to me,” I would probably say 彼にXされた. On the other hand, if I said “I let him do X,” I would say 彼にXさせた. But if I were to combine the two and say 彼にXさせられた, that would mean “he made ...
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られる honorific/polite versus passive origin

Is the られる used as a honorific (some sources use "polite", but I assume it's a honorific?) related to the passive form (perhaps it's alternative usage) or is it something that emerged separately? (...
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What is 誘われて (Sasowarete) in this song lyric?

I am a beginner Japanese student, and I'm going through a song and translating it. I am struggling to understand the word 誘われて in the first line. I understand that the verb is 誘う; is this the -te form?...
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怒られるのが sentence construction

怒られるのが怖くて嘘をつくのは、子供にありがちな行動です。 why did we use 怒られるのが as subject ?? what is the sentence constructon
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もらわれていくの grammar

I have problem understanding grammar in this sentence: アニー、もらわれていくのがいやになったの。。。 Could you help to translate it and give links to grammar?
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Passive voice (~あれる) + Te form?

I've been faced with the following sentence: いきなりあんな事聞かれて平常心でいられるかよ! What I'm wondering about it is the "聞かれて" part. I know that Kikareru would be the passive form of Kiku - to listen. So, what ...
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Direct or indirect passive form?

外国人に質問を聞かれたが、答えられなかった。 Can anybody analyze the grammatical structure of this sentence? Is this an indirect passive sentence? Thanks.
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Was Warned that … (correct word choice / use of passive?)

I am trying to write out a short speech to say after my companies morning exercises, and I have chosen the very exciting topic of ... the weather! Anyway I wish to convey this meaning in my ...
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Passive sentence construction

I came across this sentence: 全員に作業が割り当てられました。 In a passive sentence, the particle に marks the action doer, and that means the sentences should translate to "Work was assigned (to me) by all ...
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What does 呼ばれてる mean in this context?

I’m reading a story, and in it 2 students are talking about a teacher. One says, ね、榎本先生ってさ。。。 男子にエロ本って呼ばれてるらしいよ。This is followed by a scene where the boys were caught with a prön mag, and the teacher ...
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105 views

How to use 誤認されます

How to say A was misidentified as B? AがBと誤認されました or AをBと誤認されました?
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Using もらう with に/を particle and passive/causative forms

I was learning passive and causative forms of Japanese coupled with もらう and particles, and got very confused. A couple of examples and what I think they mean: AさんはBさんを病院に送ってもらう - A received a favor ...
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もらう and もらって when used with various forms of verbs

What happens when I post-fix a って to もらう. Example: 手伝ってもらって. I know 手伝ってもらう means I receive the favor of someone helping me. But what does conjugating もらう to its て form does? Also, in its ...
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1answer
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Could one have more than one verb in the same sentence be converted to indirect passive?

I understand Adversity (indirect) passive are used to describe unfortunate event. Am I correct in saying that the sentence patterns with transitive verbs of both adversity passive and simple (direct) ...
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What conjugation is 熱せられる? [duplicate]

This is a sentence from ねじまき鳥と火曜日の女たち by 村上春樹. スチーム・アイロンの蒸気音とコットンが熱せられる独得の匂いを楽しみながら... 熱する is a "special suru verb". I am assuming 熱せられる is read as ねっせられる. What form of conjugation is this? It ...
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Why 気にされる instead of 気にする?

These two characters are discussing ヒューバート in the below, and about how he lacks self awareness. However I am not sure why 気にされる was used instead of 気にする here. I know that される can be used as an ...
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Combination of causative-passive and intransive verb with a direct object?

I am struggling to understand this sentence’s structure: 宿題を時間内に終わらせられなかった。 I think I get the idea of causative-passive as in “I was being made to finish the homework”. However, I noticed that we ...
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Xに捕まる vs Xに捕まえられる

Xに捕まる was used when describing the speaker getting grabbed by X when trying to leave. Why was the intransitive used over passive when it was Xに...?
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Weird Inflection -されていかん

I am reading Alita Battle Angel, and I came across a sentence that I do understand, but for some reason is conjugated to the negative. Please could someone break the sentence down for me? (...
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passive ambiguity in this sentence

そう言って今度は頭を下げられる俺。 After saying that, she directs a bow at me. the other party is making a request so there is no doubt in context who is bowing. In isolation i find rearanging this relative ...
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Difference between passive form and てある

I'm confused about the difference between the passive form and the てある form. 飲み物はもう買ってあります。 The drinks have already been bought. 飲み物はもう買われました。 The drinks were already bought. Are my ...
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られる noun phrase

In the sentence : 日本で作られたもの ですが, ハワイに行ったときに買いました the noun phrase 日本で作られた describes もの. Why not use 日本の or 日本が in the noun phrase? From my understanding It would still mean that it is 'made in Japan'. ...
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What is the meaning of '育てられ方’ in this sentence?

I would appreciate it if someone could break down the grammar in this sentence for me and offer an English translation. What I am confused about is who the subject in this sentence is and whether '...
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Passive referring to one's own actions

for example 優美な笑顔を向けられ、そう答えるしかなかった。 寝たきりだった体を起こした時のような鈍い痛みが全身に走っていて、それは彼女と森で出会った頃よりも強く感じられた。 In these cases, the first person narrator is describing his own actions. In what circumstances ...
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[…]と言われ、傷つく母親たち - Was the に left out here or is it something else?

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_1130.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_002 The following sentence: 死産や流産のあと「早く忘れた方がいい」「次の子どもを」と言われ、傷つく母親たち。 My attempt at translation:...
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Grammar of プレッシャーに晒される

不条理な暴力によるプレッシャーに晒される after some searching, I also found these sentences: 絶え間ないプレッシャーにさらされる 来る日も来る日もプレッシャーにさらされる プレッシャーに晒す, as far as i can tell, you a transitive verb can't take noun+に ...
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Relative clauses modifying a noun: passive tense?

Hopefully, the two following sentences are grammatically valid: 旅行の後で帰った時話を話す。 旅行の後で帰った時話が話される。 If so, can I use either as a basis for a relative clause modifying 話; are the two following ...
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What means えらばれしもの? [duplicate]

Hey question in the Title :) thank you very much
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Using 初めて with the passive

I was wondering how a passive sentence like: トムさんに話しかけられた。 Tom started talking (to me). could be changed to express that it was the first time that it happened. My attempt was: ...
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Does 考えさせられる小説 make sense?

Something I learned early on, when I learnt the causative-passive was, that the sentences also make sense, when you drop the causative-passive, e.g. 私はパンを食べさせられた。 私はパンを食べた。 Basically, "it's just a ...
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some questions on られる form

im self learning japanese and having problems understanding られる or 受け身 form of verbs. I am wondering why the following sentences are not ok: 私は石に頭に落ちられた トムは交差点の真ん中で車に止められた However it says ...
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How do I interpret the Japanese construction of verb+noun?

A) Let's take just transitive verbs first: 食べる人 食べられる人 B) Now let's take intransitive verbs: 起きる人 起きられる人 起こす人 起こされる人 OK, this thing has confused me for a very long time now, like really long. Thus ...
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Is there a good etymological reason why the potential form in Japanese requires the が particle?

Is there a good etymological reason why the potential form in Japanese requires the が particle? When dealing with the -たい suffix, which also requires the -が particle for what in other languages would ...
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Is 「悩まされている 」a 使役受身形

In a Grammar book, they are introducing the 使役受身形 with the example, 感心させられる But they also classified this sentence 隣の家の騒音に悩まされている in this grammar structure too. But my Jisho told me that 悩まされる is ...
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Is there a reason why the passive and the potential form are identical (at least for える/いる verbs)?

Is there a reason why the passive and the potential form in Japanese are identical (at least for える/いる verbs)? I mean, does one etymologically derive from the other? Or were they perhaps modelled on a ...
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1answer
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殺す vs 殺して vs 殺されて confusion

In the trailer of the game-based anime Satsuriku no Tenshi, at 1:08 Rachel (the blonde little girl) says "私を殺して“. Now, as for my limited japanese, I would think that she says "I'll kill you", because ...
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How to differentiate ~られる conjugation between passive form and potential form?

For verbs of group 2, whose ~ます form is formed by dropping the ending ~る from the plain form, both the passive and potential forms have the same conjugation: ~られる. Example: 食べられる 1. to be eaten ...
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受け身形, 使役形, and 使役受け身形: A side by side comparison practice

受け身形, 使役形, and 使役受け身形. These forms confuse me to no end. Therefore, I have done a sort of comparison practice using these forms side by side. Each sentence is followed by my translation, and then a ...
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発する, 罰する, 反する, etc. taking strange conjugation せられる for the passive form

I am sure this has been asked before, but due to this form's similarity to the causative-passive (e.g. 行かせられる), I simply cannot find anything except for some thick Japanese explanations complete with ...
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105 views

the passive/potential form used in this sentence

Context: girl breaks up with guy, he gets sad and says this line 私だけがあなたの特別でいられたのに! why is the passive/potential form used here? is it possible to use only the past simple with た here? I'm not sure ...
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155 views

Two に with 行かれて

Context: Person A, has just left to look for persons B, and it would be bad if she met them. Person C comments on this saying: まずいな。 今彼女にBたちの所に行かれては……! There are two things that kinda confuse ...
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108 views

Saying “I like you”: 好きって言われたい vs. 好きって言いたい

I encountered this usage while watching a video on grammar on 日本語の森: 好きって言われたい Now, judging by the context, it apparently means that the speaker "wants to say 'I like her.'" However, if I were to ...