Questions tagged [passive-voice]

受動態. Verb forms with the affix -(r)are-. Besides the passive meaning, this morpheme also has spontaneous, honorific, and potential meanings.

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76 views

Intransitive verb that becomes passive?

What are the nuances when an intransitive verbs becomes a passive verb. Is not it just duplication: Example 窓が開いた And 窓が開かれた Isnt 開かれる and 開く both mean "to be opened".
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What does the phrase 落し物をされる mean in this sentence? It doesn't sound like correct passive voice [duplicate]

The context is that someone has lost a present and the main character goes to look for it. He goes up to a shopkeeper who asks him what's wrong and he responds with ええ、少々探し物を。昨日チャミーさんが落し物をされたらしくて。。。...
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だれにも + passive verb

誰にも怪しまれずに動き回れた Does 怪しまれず take the に in 誰にも or has the second に after も been omitted because it can not be used after も?
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327 views

Can the passive agent be gapped?

Can the passive agent be gapped in a relative clause? I mean, can the head of a relative clause be the passive agent (the word that would be marked by に)?
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Passive voice and complex or connecting sentence

Imagine a situation where you've been informed by Mr. Rentarou that on Wednesday you will have an interview with Ms. Suzuki. Then, you've decided to confirm the information directly to Ms. Suzuki. I'...
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Confusion about the use of active and passive voice

Here is a sentence from a textbook: 「どちら/どっち」は、二つのものから一つを選択するときか、2人の中から1人を選択するときに使われます。 Passive voice makes sense here because the actor is irrelevant, but then there's this sentence on the same ...
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199 views

Why are there separate passive versions of so many verbs? How do they differ in meaning from the regular passive conjugation?

The example I came across today (though I've seen this with many other verbs): 「潰れる」 – "to be crushed" which, as far as I can tell, means exactly the same as 「潰される」, the passive form of「潰す」. ...
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Unknown verb form (typo?) in manga

I've been trying to translate Touhou doujinshi, when I came across this sentence: A man talks about events related to youkai's den down the road. The first part of the sentence is: なんでも綺麗【きれい】な女【おんな】...
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Why 無茶ぶりした and not 無茶ぶりされた

In the below I would have thought 無茶ぶりした時 would have been 無茶ぶりされた時. Am I missing something? でもあんたって、どんな仕事でも途中で放り出したりしないでしょ? 無茶ぶりした時こそ必死になって動くのが、あんたの昔からの長所だからね
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を-marked 非情-Passive in Adjectival Phrase

I've come across this sentence in a publicly available preview of ノルウェイの森: 何日かつづいたやわらかな雨に夏のあいだのほこりをすっかり洗い流された山肌は深く鮮かな青みをたたえ。 I see two different ways of parsing the adjective phrase describing the ...
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は and を with Passive verb

Why does を show the nuance of the speaker being prejudiced in this ? Example: With は 窓は田中さんに開けられた The window was opened by Tanaka With を 田中さんに窓を開けられた Tanaka opened the window [and now I am ...
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Is こられた (from 来られた from 来られる) here working as a passive helping?

I came across two paragraphs in which こられた is mentioned. 1st paragraph: 萩生田文部科学大臣は、NHKの取材に対し、「報道が事実だとすれば、これまで体調が悪い中でも業務を続けてこられたのに、ここにきて辞任されるのは非常に残念だ。まだお若いので、今後は体調に気をつけていただきながら後輩への指導をしっかりしてもらいたい」...
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聞く and the passive

Without additional context, what is the meaning, or possible meanings of: XにYを聞かれる I know 聞く can mean both to hear/listen or to ask. Which interpretation is correct: X is heard by Y Y is heard by X ...
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Does/Can the “standalone” 来る have a passive form in Japanese? [duplicate]

Due to my dictionary 来られる would be the passive as well as potential form. Potential form is clear: 来られる? -> Can you come? But I have great trouble imagining a sentence of 来られる in the passive ...
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100 views

Passive voice with ている

When a verb in the passive voice is used in the ている form, what nuance does that carry? Some examples: 図書館はいろいろな情報が集められています。 米は特にアジアで食べられています。 漢字は中国や日本などで使われています。 中国からお茶が輸入されています。 My interpretation ...
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Why do these two sentences take different particles (に and で) despite being broadly similar?

日本人の会話には下の例のように、「~けど」や「~から」や「し」などで文を終わらせる話し方が多く見られます。 日本語の会話では、文の倒置もよく見られます。 These two sentences (which are not in sequence) come from a text from the Tobira Gateway to Advanced Japanese textbook. ...
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462 views

Why is this sentence passive?

これには砂糖が含まれていますか I don't see a reason for this to be passive. Isn't it just asking if a grammatical subject is performing an action? I don't see that anything is being done to the subject marked with ...
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Can in this passive tense structure the topic be the same as the performer of the action?

I've been skimming through Minna no Nihongo and I found this structure: [N1は]...[N2に]...[N3を]...「Vpassive] And I understand the example sentence given with it: 私は弟にパソコンを壊されました。 They say that N1 is ...
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How was 組まされた conjugated?

I am wondering how 組まされた was conjugated. I know it is a form of the verbs 組む and する, but I don't know why む became ま, instead of the stem plus the passive form of する. Is there something I am not ...
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How would I translate ’期待されとっても倒れたら’ in this sentence

Here's the full sentence: ’なんぼ期待されとっても倒れたら元も子もないんやから。’ And here's where I ended up: 'Because no matter what you say, even if you have hopes, you'll lose everything if you burn out.' The context ...
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Difference between 聞こえる and 聞かれる / 見える and 見られる

I came across this problem when I was studying, and I couldn't really understand the difference between using the passive form of 聞く or 見る and using the verbs 聞こえる and 見える, considering that, in my ...
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71 views

助けられる vs 助けてもらう, what's the difference?

I understand that both mean "to be saved/receive help" but that they have slightly different connotations. I can't find any explanation of the difference, however, nor any pairs of example sentences ...
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Can you build the passive with Verb te-form + しまいました instead of the passive form of the verb?

I came across this sentence: パトカーに 捉まってしまいました。 The book I am using, explains に is used here to indicate the passive form. I looked up a video explaining it by Misa from Japanese Ammo. She explains ...
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Meaning of 怒られた, scolded or angry at?

例えば、東北地方に「なげる」という方言がある。これは「捨てる」という意味だが、方言を知らない人が「これをなげて」と言われて、「投げる」だと解釈して、ごみを投げ返して怒られたという話がある。 My question is about the word 「怒られた」. For the dictionary form「怒る」, there are two meanings in the ...
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Why can't passive be used to express dissatisfaction from somebody failing to do something?

From Genki II: You cannot express your suffering from somebody failing to do something either, because you cannot add the passive suffix to an already negated verb. Therefore you cannot use the ...
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Why use 流されていく in this sentence?

This is a sentence from Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, from the scene towards the beginning where Harry and Ron are flying the car and are just approaching Hogwarts. 車は湖のほうに流されていき、...
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The meaning of ”あれは魔術師に与えられた祝福”

I translated the sentence "あれは魔術師に与えられた祝福” to something along the line of "That is something that was given a blessing by a sorcerer" but in the translation that I compared it to, the translator ...
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Causative sentence translation

全力ダッシュでこっちにやってきたメガネの男が放つ唾から弁当を避難させる。 The sentence above means 'A glasses wearing guy dashed here and made me move my bentou away from the saliva he released' The question is, why is 避難させる used to ...
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Passive form 作られる usage

I'm currently studying for N4 of the JLPT, and came across this conversation. 山田:「田中さん、そのバッグ、素敵ですね。どこで買いましたか。」 田中;「日本で作られたものですが、ハワイに行ったときに、買いました。」 In the above example, 田中 said 「日本で作られたもの」Is there a ...
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Struggling with identifying the 'correct' verb here (+intransitivity)

This sentence is giving me a hard time ... 「下り坂を休まれちまった、残りは1000と数百...」 (The sentence was uttered during a horse race when the speaker was passed by other competitors as he was saving his horse's ...
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What is AはBにCに?

I've seen this construction a few times but couldn't find it in my textbooks, so I'd like to know how it's called and, if possible, how it works. Since it was pretty much unclear, here I add some ...
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される and られる confusing meaning

I have some trouble with my Japanese studies. I am stuck on some causative passive meanings. So far, if I am right, there are 3 causative-passive forms: られる: X is being ... by Y させられる: Y forces X ...
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Who is the object and subject in this passive sentence?

I came along a conversation between two characters that have a sort of rivals-to-lovers relationship. There's only two lines of dialogue, but I can't place the meaning. Person 1: 僕に愛される気あんの? Person 2:...
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Meaning of 小せェもんに縛られてる

Context: in a flashback, a Cuban boxer is thinking back to when he was in Cuba before seeking asylum (亡命) and migrating to America. He had just won a gold medal for his country in the Olympics. ...
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Could you please explain the use of passive voice in the following sentences?

I would like you to help me to understand this grammar pattern (Nに)Vれる presented in Nihongo Sou Matome JLPT N3 (Pg.14). I'm not able to understand why the passive voice is used in the example ...
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What does やられてる mean in this sentence?

I came across this line today which left me a bit confused: 彼らには子分を二人もやられてる。 The speaker is referring to men from a gang. I've struggled with the meaning of やる outside of its most basic usage, but ...
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Passive ambiguity in this passage (「あなたに向けられる視線」・「殿下が判断された」)

A is a commoner right now. B is a high ranking commander. A ceremony just finished, involving A getting bestowed a role by the queen/殿下 as a reward for some good deeds. B was in the audience and was a ...
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がる passive form

In the following sentence, the verb がる appears to be used in passive form when the speaker is describing herself as a child: 私は少し奇妙がられる子供だった What does がる indicate when used in passive form? ...
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Why is に used with this verb?

I just read a manga where by context a girl broke up with her boyfriend. She says this. 逃げられたの 彼氏に!! 仕事に入れ込みすぎだって Why is 彼氏に used alongside the verb?
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Difference between します and されます

I'm trying to figure out the exact difference in the usage of します and されます. For example: (something)画面が表示します。 (something screen) will display 画面が表示されます。 (the screen will be displayed) ...
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How to use the passive form to say “This flower was watered.”

I would like to use the passive form in describing the fact that a flower has been watered. Is この花は水をやられた correct? What difference does この花は水がやられた make or would that be incorrect? A brief ...
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Confused by passive verb in 無理矢理されたこと

This is a sentence from the fifth story in キノの旅, which is 大人の国. For context, the narrator is talking about a time when she was a kid and she said something about the "surgery" that offended her ...
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Do you always need the passive voice when saying what happened to you?

For example if I wanted to say “He told me what I needed to know.” would I say 彼に知らなきゃことを教えられた? Or would it be something different? And do I always need to use it if I’m telling someone what ...
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られる honorific/polite versus passive origin

Is the られる used as a honorific (some sources use "polite", but I assume it's a honorific?) related to the passive form (perhaps it's alternative usage) or is it something that emerged separately? (...
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What is 誘われて (Sasowarete) in this song lyric?

I am a beginner Japanese student, and I'm going through a song and translating it. I am struggling to understand the word 誘われて in the first line. I understand that the verb is 誘う; is this the -te form?...
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怒られるのが sentence construction

怒られるのが怖くて嘘をつくのは、子供にありがちな行動です。 why did we use 怒られるのが as subject ?? what is the sentence constructon
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Direct or indirect passive form?

外国人に質問を聞かれたが、答えられなかった。 Can anybody analyze the grammatical structure of this sentence? Is this an indirect passive sentence? Thanks.
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“Was Warned that …” (correct word choice / use of passive?)

I am trying to write out a short speech to say after my companies morning exercises, and I have chosen the very exciting topic of ... the weather! Anyway I wish to convey this meaning in my ...
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134 views

Passive sentence construction

I came across this sentence: 全員に作業が割り当てられました。 In a passive sentence, the particle に marks the action doer, and that means the sentences should translate to "Work was assigned (to me) by all ...
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240 views

What does 呼ばれてる mean in this context?

I’m reading a story, and in it 2 students are talking about a teacher. One says, ね、榎本先生ってさ。。。 男子にエロ本って呼ばれてるらしいよ。This is followed by a scene where the boys were caught with a prön mag, and the teacher ...