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Questions tagged [passive-voice]

受動態. Verb forms with the affix -(r)are-. Besides the passive meaning, this morpheme also has spontaneous, honorific, and potential meanings.

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[…]と言われ、傷つく母親たち - Was the に left out here or is it something else?

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_1130.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_002 The following sentence: 死産や流産のあと「早く忘れた方がいい」「次の子どもを」と言われ、傷つく母親たち。 My attempt at translation:...
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Grammar of プレッシャーに晒される

不条理な暴力によるプレッシャーに晒される after some searching, I also found these sentences: 絶え間ないプレッシャーにさらされる 来る日も来る日もプレッシャーにさらされる プレッシャーに晒す, as far as i can tell, you a transitive verb can't take noun+に ...
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Relative clauses modifying a noun: passive tense?

Hopefully, the two following sentences are grammatically valid: 旅行の後で帰った時話を話す。 旅行の後で帰った時話が話される。 If so, can I use either as a basis for a relative clause modifying 話; are the two following ...
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What means えらばれしもの? [duplicate]

Hey question in the Title :) thank you very much
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Using 初めて with the passive

I was wondering how a passive sentence like: トムさんに話しかけられた。 Tom started talking (to me). could be changed to express that it was the first time that it happened. My attempt was: ...
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Does 考えさせられる小説 make sense?

Something I learned early on, when I learnt the causative-passive was, that the sentences also make sense, when you drop the causative-passive, e.g. 私はパンを食べさせられた。 私はパンを食べた。 Basically, "it's just a ...
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some questions on られる form

im self learning japanese and having problems understanding られる or 受け身 form of verbs. I am wondering why the following sentences are not ok: 私は石に頭に落ちられた トムは交差点の真ん中で車に止められた However it says ...
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Is 「悩まされている 」a 使役受身形

In a Grammar book, they are introducing the 使役受身形 with the example, 感心させられる But they also classified this sentence 隣の家の騒音に悩まされている in this grammar structure too. But my Jisho told me that 悩まされる is ...
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Is there a good etymological reason why the potential form in Japanese requires the が particle?

Is there a good etymological reason why the potential form in Japanese requires the が particle? When dealing with the -たい suffix, which also requires the -が particle for what in other languages would ...
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Is there a reason why the passive and the potential form are identical (at least for える/いる verbs)?

Is there a reason why the passive and the potential form in Japanese are identical (at least for える/いる verbs)? I mean, does one etymologically derive from the other? Or were they perhaps modelled on a ...
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殺す vs 殺して vs 殺されて confusion

In the trailer of the game-based anime Satsuriku no Tenshi, at 1:08 Rachel (the blonde little girl) says "私を殺して“. Now, as for my limited japanese, I would think that she says "I'll kill you", because ...
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受け身形, 使役形, and 使役受け身形: A side by side comparison practice

受け身形, 使役形, and 使役受け身形. These forms confuse me to no end. Therefore, I have done a sort of comparison practice using these forms side by side. Each sentence is followed by my translation, and then a ...
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発する, 罰する, 反する, etc. taking strange conjugation せられる for the passive form

I am sure this has been asked before, but due to this form's similarity to the causative-passive (e.g. 行かせられる), I simply cannot find anything except for some thick Japanese explanations complete with ...
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the passive/potential form used in this sentence

Context: girl breaks up with guy, he gets sad and says this line 私だけがあなたの特別でいられたのに! why is the passive/potential form used here? is it possible to use only the past simple with た here? I'm not sure ...
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Two に with 行かれて

Context: Person A, has just left to look for persons B, and it would be bad if she met them. Person C comments on this saying: まずいな。 今彼女にBたちの所に行かれては……! There are two things that kinda confuse ...
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Saying “I like you”: 好きって言われたい vs. 好きって言いたい

I encountered this usage while watching a video on grammar on 日本語の森: 好きって言われたい Now, judging by the context, it apparently means that the speaker "wants to say 'I like her.'" However, if I were to ...
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What does this に imply?

せっかくの休みに、あなほり なんかやらされて。。。 In a ドラえもん comic, someone said this and took a break from digging a hole in the ground. I understand the sentence generally (probably), but not enough grammatically, and ...
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Introducing a subject and implying it in the same sentence

From this article: 映像はドローンを使って空から撮りました。 The images were taken from the sky using a drone. Whilst the meaning is clear, I find this sentence very awkward. I can't write the sentence in a natural ...
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Can someone translate this sentence please? Thanks in advance!

わたしは誰かに買いたかったものを買われた。 Hi there I’m slightly confused with this sentence means, and also why is 買いた used?isn’t the past tense for買う 買った?
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Difference between 〜に限らない and 〜に限られていない?

I'm a bit puzzled by the use of 〜に限らない vs 〜に限られていない. Here are example sentences from a textbook: 日本語を勉強している学生は、日本語専攻に限りません。 最近、プロの相撲の力士は日本人に限られていない。 These both mean "not limited to", and ...
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Passive form of 逃げる: 逃げられた vs. 逃げられる

I was reading in Basic Japanese Grammar Dictionary about the passive voice, and it says that you use ~られる form to conjugate verbs. (p33) So [逃]{に}げる would be 逃げられる, ok. But it is used other form, ...
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Meaning of かけられる in the following sentence or context and its corresponding Kanji

Can any one please tell me what かけられる means in the following sentence and if it has any corresponding Kanji? 年明けの築地市場の初競りにかけられるのでしょうか。
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Is it OK to promote an object as the topic and change all relevant verbs to passive forms?

Once I have thrown an opponent to the ground and if I push his elbow outward, he will automatically lie face down to counter his pain. 相手は投げられてから、外側に肘を押されると、痛くならないように自動にうつ伏す。 Is it OK to promote ...
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私に言われても versus 私が言われても

I am aware that "言われる" means "to be told". My impression would be that "私に言われても" means "Even if I told you..." while "私が言われても" means "Even if I am told...". But this site answer seems to suggest that ...
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Causative-passive contracted form

I'm working through the book Nihongo So-matome N3 Choukai and on one page there is a side note about contracting the causative-passive form (e.g. 待たせられる=待たされる). Underneath it says 「食べる、話す、する、来る、...
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Differing explanations of 〜ところを

My textbook has this example sentence: 試験中、となりの人の答えを見ているところを先生に注意された。 The interpretation of this sentence hinges around ところを, and I'm not 100% sure what that means. The textbook simply indicates ...
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Specific usage of て形

Could someone please explain what function the 落ち着いて is serving in the below? What is its subject? CONTEXT: One character is musing out loud about the recent murders (it's a mystery manga) and she ...
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Confusing embedded question

Context: a girl and her parents are attacked, and her parents are killed before she is saved by someone. He apologizes (for being too late to save her parents) and then says this: ……せめて。...
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Difference between ~のことを書いた本 and ~のことを書かれた本

From the start of 星の王子さま: 僕が六歳だったときのことだ。「ほんとうにあった話」という原生林のことを書いた本で、すごい絵を見た。 It was when I was six years old. I saw an amazing picture in a book called "Stories that Really Happened" that (someone)...
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Can the auxiliary ~やがる be used with passive tense?

I thought I heard someone use it in this way recently, but it just a conversation I overheard so I cannot be sure exactly. A standard use might be: 「あいつが邪魔しやがった。」 But can it ever be combined with a ...
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causative, passive, causative-passive [closed]

I have been studying the causative, passive, causative-passive forms and found that they are very confusing. I am not confused much about the conjugation (される, etc), but in identifying the who/what ...
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How to use わめかれた?

As like this 泣きわめかれた。 I know it has to do with crying.
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Nuances? 見つける vs 見つかる

So I get that 見つける takes an object and 見つかる doesn't, but can anyone tell me if there are any major differences between 答えを見つけた and 答えが見つかった If I came across an answer by chance, does the second ...
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Meaning and use of けが (injury)

a) 2つの事件で13人が亡くなって、52人がけがをしました。 In the two events 13 people died and 52 people were injured. b) 彼女はけがをした 1) The girl was injured 2) The girl injured herself The meaning of a) is ...
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Usage of 方 to mean person, interchangeability of くれる and もらう and passive form

So I stumbled upon the following sentence: 特に日本人以外の人に日本語を教えてもらっている方に質問です I was having a problem with translating it because of the parsing, but now I kinda get it. What I could translate was "...
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Parsing potential phrase modifying a noun

From Hirameki Hatsume-chan Vol 1, chapter 71 How does the sentence in the third panel translate, and who is doing what to whom? Is it a potential and the どうぐ is "enabling" him to have good dreams or ...
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Could ひきつけられる mean “to get distracted”?

Context: a boy will soon take the test to become a pro-boxer. After a training match, his trainer says to him: まだひきつけられる。まだ寸歩踏み込める。紙一重の域はまだ遠いな。 I found on dictionaries that 〜にひきつけられる means "to be ...
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君は、持っているものに気づかれなかったのか、元から持っていないのか、どっちだ。Meanining passive

I have a problem with the following sentence: 君は、持っているものに気づかれなかったのか、元から持っていないのか、どっちだ。 The sentence was translated as: "Did they not notice what you had, or wasn't it yours from the beginning, ...
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Why 喜んで in 喜んであなたのお手伝いをします。is in some sort of imperative voice and not in passive voice?

喜んであなたのお手伝いをします。 is translated as I will be pleased to help you. あなたのお手伝いを "help to you" and is the direct object of the verb します , I understand this. But I don't understand why the verb ...
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When to use 受身形 (passive voice) And when to use 能動形 (active voice)?

The Japanese passive voice has been bothering me for quite a while. I mean, We don't really use it in English, and I still have not come across many situation (at least daily situations)Where the ...
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What is the use of the passive conjugation in these sentences?

I stumbled upon this sentence: 多くの方々が命を奪われた。 While I understand what this means, I'm not sure of why the passive verb there is (supposedly) correct. If I were to say that, I'd say 多くの方々の命が奪われた。 ...
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Why is the passive form used in this sentence?

The following sentence uses 感じられ which I understand to be the continuative passive form of the verb 感じる - "to feel". Why is this form used here? たった1分がものすごく長く感じられ 時間は はっきりとした悪意をもって ...
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Passive Verb + みる

A comment in one of my previous questions (Why is a verb in the past (た形) contradicted with ~ていない?) contained the following sentence (fragment?): 言われてみると不思議...。 I'm not entirely certain what this ...
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JLPT N3 Grammar - Passive form AND passive + te iru

I picked up the 日本語総まとめ book and I don't quite understand their explanation of passive. The book says that passive can be used when you mention a fact without a subject. However, in the example (...
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Do I need to use passive form here? “The mirror is broken due to his/her ugly face”

There is a proverb as follows. The mirror is (intentionally) broken due to his/her ugly face. More precisely, the mirror is broken by the user right after the user knows that her/his face is (so) ...
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恥をかく versus 恥をかかされる

Consider the following 2 sentences: A: 彼は恥をかく。He disgraces himself. B: 彼は恥をかかされる。He is disgraced. Questions Is かかされる rather than かかれる the passive form of かく in this case? Why does 彼は恥をかく ...
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Please help me understand 注がれた in this sentence and its conjugation

信じられないほど青い目、まるで淡いサファイアのようだ。その目がハリーを観察している。そして額の傷にじっと注がれた。 Why did they use passive form in this sentence and what does it mean when coming after noun + に ?
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How to understand this use of “sareru” in 「植物が成長を妨げられる」?

What does this mean? 植物が成長を妨げられる。 Can I get a more detailed overlook of 貰わせる and rareru and saseru and all those things depending on whether wo ni ga or whatever is used. It's really frustrating ...
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Could you help me translate this sentence? < 今更、咎められることなんて恐ろしくもない。>

I'm not really getting the meaning of this. Is it "At this point getting suspected is not even scary"? 今更、咎められることなんて恐ろしくもない。 I would be grateful if someone could help me :]
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Confusing 受け身 questions

I am looking at the following problem: 自分の考えに自信を持ち、これで良いのだと自分に言いきかせるだけは充分ではない。他の人の考えにも、肯定的な姿勢を(  )しなくてはならない。どんなものでもその気になって探せば、必ずいいところがある。それを称揚する.... The four possible answers are : a. とるように b. ...