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品詞. The primary lexical categories such as nouns, verbs, and particles. In linguistics, often referred to as 'lexical class' or 'word class'.

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The verb after conjugation in たり compound sentence, is still a verb? And if so, why is it despite する being the verb?

雨の日は滑ったり、転んだりする。 If する is the verb, then what is the role of the 転んだり in the grammatical sense? I understand that it is a verb which is transformed into 転んだり in a compound sentence but is it still ...
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Is それ何語 the informal version of それは何語ですか?

I heard (maybe I misheard) someone say それ何語? It seems to be the informal version of それは何語ですか? However, I was a bit surprised to see は ommited. Is それ何語 a very informal version of それは何語ですか? Is the ...
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130 views

The て form, the と and もの constructions: gerund, participle, transgressive, or verbal noun?

As far as I understand, among the constructions (て-form verb), (て-form verb)いる, (finite verb)こと, (finite verb)の, (verb phrase)と, (finite verb)もの the form (2) unambiguously functions as a finite verb ...
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1answer
129 views

Is 結晶 a verb and a noun?

I've seen it being used as a noun for 'crystals' in a game and it's also been used as a verb in the form of 'Kesshou!(crystallize!)' for a superhero transformation call in Spielban. Is simply saying ...
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1answer
107 views

V + n-janai vs -ne vs -n-desu-ne

What's the difference between these 3 forms of a verb: 1) 勝てるんじゃない 2) 勝てるね 3) 勝てるんですね ?
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1answer
241 views

How do the Japanese ask questions about language? [closed]

In Japanese class, when you are confused about vocab or grammar or sentence structure, you ask the professor in English. But if you live in Japan and are communicating with Japanese natives who barely ...
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2answers
90 views

What part of speech is スティール製?

What part of speech is スティール製{せい} from スティール製{せい}カテノイドexpression? I know スティール is a noun (steel), 製{せい} is a suffix (made of), but I don't know their value together. スティール製{せい} is a noun or an ...
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1answer
351 views

What's the difference between って and って言ってた

I'm guessing it's a matter of direct vs. indirect? 兄は「1分だけ、くださいね」って My older brother said "Just a minute, please" 兄は1分だけと言ってた。 My older brother said just a minute.
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2answers
99 views

I'm having trouble understanding the sentance どうだい、きに いったかい

What I'm reading says that どうだい、きに いったかい translates to "Well, do you like it?" The parts individually are translated as どうだい - How about きに - I can't figure out what きに means at all. Unless he ...
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is suki an adjective and a verb?

I thought that "suki" was a verb which meant "to like". It is hard to me to make sense why it seems to be always used with "desu". Now in a webpage I read that suki is an adjective, which means ...
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1answer
280 views

How are “サ変名詞” and “サ変接続” different?

I can't figure-out why certain words are categorized as サ変接続 such as 発表{はっぴょう} 機能{きのう} 仮想{かそう} All those words are definitely サ変名詞. So, what do those words have that also make them サ変接続? ...
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571 views

Onegaishimasu meanings, reply and when to use

Onegaishimasu is used by Japanese people a lot. What does it mean, in what context is it used, and how do I respond to this? I found on the web that it means: Please take care of me. I am in ...
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2answers
661 views

What part-of-speech is ゲゲゲ in ゲゲゲの鬼太郎?

I don't know if "part-of-speech" is the best term here, since it generally has a Western language orientation, but I am curious as to what function the word gegege has in reference to the TV show ...
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3answers
8k views

「ある」と「ない」は動詞か形容詞か…

「ある」と「ない」はどんな品詞名か教えてください。​​​​​
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3answers
204 views

About the words in format: ~がかり

What is the type of word ~がかり, e.g 気{き}がかり Is it noun, or adjective?
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2answers
254 views

Is 何か an adverb?

何かいいことがあったか? 何か一言を言ってください In sentences like these, is 何か an adverb? I have read that counters such as 一つ are adverbs when used in sentences like りんごを一つ食べた. Is it possible that 何か is functioning ...
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1answer
203 views

Making 「たくさん」act as a full-fledged 形容動詞{けいようどうし}

dic.yahoo.co.jp、weblio.jp、and other dictionaries, state that the parts of speech for「たくさん」are noun and 形容動詞。imho, usage cases where たくさん is used as 形容詞 is uncommon. I have seen たくさん take the な ...
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177 views

In technical usage, is there any difference between 間投詞 and 感動詞?

デジタル大辞泉 gives the following definition of 間投詞: 《interjection》「感動詞」に同じ。 It also gives the following definition of 感動詞 (emphasis added): 品詞の一。自立語で活用がなく、主語にも修飾語にもならず、他の文節とは比較的独立して用いられるもの。話し手の感動を表す「...
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1answer
443 views

What does うんたらかんたら mean?

I recently heard this phrase being told in a show, but I just couldn't make sense of what it means...And what really caught my attention was that the listener was really surprised to hear this phrase ...
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3answers
515 views

Translation of “に” into “natural” English

All of my Japanese teachers have told me that な-adjectives converted to に-ending words and い-adjectives converted to く-ending words, when followed by a verb, are 'adverbs'. However, sentences sound ...
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About the な part in negative imperative verb form (e.g. 飲むな)

In the Japanese version of "don't drink and drive" slogan, 【乗るなら飲むな】 (also 【飲んだら乗るな】), what part of speech is the な that follows the plain verb 飲む (or 乗る in the second variation) to form the negative ...
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2k views

Verb classifications by japanese learners

As a studies of Japanese I've come across two distinct ways to group verbs for purposes of remembering how to conjugate them. う動詞 / る動詞 Group1 / Group 2 Pacerier mentioned a verb1 and verb5, can ...
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Which part of speech is the 「ぞ」 in 「神のみぞ知るセカイ」?

「神{かみ}のみぞ知{し}るセカイ」 is the title of a manga/anime series but I'm not asking about the anime. I'm just curious about the 「ぞ」 part in the title. I know there is a ぞ particle that is similar to よ, such ...