Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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8
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1answer
928 views

Meaning and usage of 〜してからにしろ

From the manga yotsubato!, casual conversation: 早く寝るのはいいけど、せめて晩飯食って風呂入ってからにしろ In this sentence how does からにしろ at the end change it? I know the full sentence means this: It's ok to go to bed ...
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2answers
413 views

Which particle is better に or から?

〇〇さんにプレゼントをもらいました。 〇〇さんからプレゼントをもらいました。 I feel it is more natural to use particle に, but I'm not a native speaker. Can someone please help me out on this? Both these options are listed in the current ...
8
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1answer
393 views

Difference between と and とは

Difference between と and とは? For example in below sentences そんなに大きいと思わなかった。 and そんなに大きいとは思わなかった。
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1answer
5k views

When to use で vs に vs nothing at all

There are a lot of post that describe the ambiguous scenarios when to use で vs に, but there are still many scenarios that are confusing, and sometimes I'm not sure if I should be using a particle at ...
8
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1answer
258 views

How to express “with (x) as well” and “even with (x)”

I am trying to express something akin to these sentences: Even with a spoon, he digs well (でも?) Even without a shovel, he digs well I would also like to express this: With a shovel as ...
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1answer
1k views

得意とするところ explanation?

As far as I'm aware this expression means "(a persons) strong points', but I'm not sure how とする is being used in this context. My best guess would be something like "the thing (a person) tries to do ...
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1answer
233 views

Meaning of「残るは」in a sentence

Came across this sentence in a memoir and I have a grammar question about it. For context, a person is thinking about someone sleeping nearby: さっき声をかけてきたヤツは当分寝ないだろ。残るは寝ているか寝ていないかわからない隣の隣。 ...
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1answer
230 views

What is the difference between あっての and とあって?

From what I can tell they both mean "Because of", and the only differences in meaning I can see seem to be very subtle. あっての: Because of A (strong emphasis), B Thanks to (various things), (...
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1answer
572 views

Dative subjects

I just finished reading this paper, which describes the situations in which Japanese allows a dative subject and a nominative object. For example, the verb 分かる can be used like this: 彼に英語が分かる "彼" is ...
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750 views

Can the word まだしも be broken up into distinct meanings?

I'm studying grammar, and one of the new forms that I'm learning uses the word まだしも. I looked it up and I found: 類語: まだいいが / まだ何とかなるが Based on how the word is used in the following examples: ...
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1answer
289 views

“10倍もの” vs “10倍の”

Good afternoon all, I understand that "X倍の" means "X times of", however sometimes I see the phrase "X倍もの" and I was wondering what it means. For example, in the sentence: 人間の脳には、約140億の神経細胞と、...
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2answers
298 views

Why is 何が used to mean “sorry for what?” instead of 何で?

I was watching an anime where character A apologizes to character B after trying to kiss her: A: ごめん!I’m sorry! B: 何が?言ってみて!For what? Just try to say it! My question is why was が used after ...
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1answer
543 views

Is there a kanji for しか?

Is there kanji for しか as in 商品がひとつしかありません。
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2answers
1k views

What is the って in 連れてってくれる?

ALC can give several examples of this, not only in 連れてって: いつ私たちを湖に連れてってくれるの? When are you going to take us to the lake? これ、帰りに叔母さんとこ、持ってってちょうだい。Will you take this to your aunt on your way home ...
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3answers
507 views

When is the particle “に” redundant in the phrase “ために”

Compare the following two sentences, "ため" is used to express 原因 in both sentences: 寒さのために死んだ。 日本は島国のため、陸上には国境がない。 I wonder if I can choose to add the particle "に" as I want, but ...
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2k views

This use より baffles me

From the anime Noir, Episode 2. Context: The husband comes home and his wife and son greet him outside. Wife: おかえりなさい。今日は早いのね? Husband: ああ、思ったより早く仕事が終わってね。 The wife's line, I get. The husband'...
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2answers
489 views

「を」 object marker in this 受身形{うけみけい} sentence [duplicate]

A native speaker told me that: 泥棒{どろぼう}に、お財布{さいふ} を 、盗{ぬす}まれた。 is correct. However, I sure think that: 泥棒に、お財布 が 、盗まれた。 is correct. Moreover, I am pretty sure that using the object marker, 「を」, in ...
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3answers
562 views

に vs で with state of being (but no verb)

All the に vs で comparisons I can find discuss using them with verbs. However I recently wanted to say something like "I am alone at home", and phrased it without a verb: 家で一人です But that got me ...
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2answers
329 views

相手には when speaking of “two third persons”

I want to clarify my understanding of 相手には in the following sentence... 「人見知りをしない相手には強気なところがあるよな」 It refers to a person that usually acts rather shy around others but scolded one of her ...
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1answer
793 views

The difference between 時 and 時は

I know that it's correct to use は after 時, and it's also correct to omit it. For example: 子供の 時、よく海で泳ぎました。 子供の 時は、よく海で泳ぎました。 How does the meaning of the sentence change when the particle is ...
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4answers
371 views

Is 時間がありますか unnatural?

I asked a few native speakers about which phrase was more natural in a situation where I ask a friend if they had time: 時間がありますか? or 時間はありますか? They all chose the latter. So is the former ...
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1answer
814 views

Use of Nagara if two people are involved

Can you still use nagara if two people are doing the actions? For example I was reading while he was making dinner.
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501 views

は and が usage in a weird case

I know that there are tons upon tons of resources on this question because I did a thorough search in google before this post but they don't seem to address my case. I saw this used in a tutorial that ...
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1answer
4k views

What does 「~の ほうが」 mean in this sentence?

サッカー と やきゅう と どちらが おもしろいですか。 ....サッカーの ほうが おもしろいです。 What is the meaning of the answer here?
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504 views

Why can は and を sometimes be used interchangeably?

For example: 肉は食べますが、すしを食べません。
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3answers
270 views

In which situations is が used with 曲がる?

According to jmdict 曲がる is intransitive, therefore it should be used with が or は. However it always seems to be used with を - for example: この道を行って二つ目の角を右に曲がります。
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2answers
163 views

不幸な方へと進んでいる - why are there two particles after 方?

My question comes from this sentence: 四十年前までは確かにあった幸せを放棄して、不幸な方、不幸な方へと進んでいる気がする。 My attempted translation was: The happiness we definitely had up until 40 years ago we discarded; and on a path ...
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2answers
814 views

What does だけ mean in this sentence?

I'll start off with the line itself: 親公認で付き合えるこの状況だけで、奇跡と思わなくっちゃいけない。 The line seems simple enough. I know だけ has a few more meanings than just "only" but none of those appear to fit here either ...
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1answer
260 views

When is “私じゃ” used?

One of my Japanese friends wrote this sentence: 私じゃ歌えない She meant that she can't sing a particular song. Is じゃ used in that sentence the same way が would be used to put an emphasis on the subject, ...
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2answers
898 views

Which particle to use with 出会う {であう} : と, に or が?

From Google searches, I can see that all three particles と, に and が are used with 出会う, but are there differences when using each of the particles or are they interchangeable? For ease of explanation, ...
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1answer
1k views

What is an emphatic particle?

The explanation I have found says that it is a particle on the end of the sentence. However, in the book I am reading (An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese) it is stated that も is an ...
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1answer
486 views

には with plain form of verb

I'm trying to figure out what this sentence below means, but I'm having trouble with the には after the dictionary form of いる. もう1匹居るには居るんじゃが…。 I've read Dictionary form of verb followed by に, but ...
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1answer
2k views

とか and など in same sentence

This sentence includes both とか and など. 金魚の食べ物は虫とか水草などです。 Is there a difference in meaning between the two? Is there a reason to use both like this?
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2answers
3k views

Etymology of もん・もの

How do I make sense of the 終助詞 もん as in おいしいもん そうなんだもん Although I have only heard it in 時代劇 speak, I guess it comes from もの, which I think should be も + の. But what も can follow the 終止形 and ...
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1answer
472 views

Explain Noun + へ particle?

I have a sentence: 来年にはテレフォニカが製品投入へ。 This is translated by Google: Telefonica is to rollout next year. Where is the verb in this sentence as 製品投入 looks like "noun" + "noun"? And what is へ ...
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1answer
252 views

か as a suffix to mean “a few”: Why is 何__かがVERB not allowed

Here is yet another puzzling sentence for me from a dictionary I am using: 何ページ か 欠けている。 A few pages are missing. (研究社) My understanding is that while 何ページ ambiguously means "what/which/how many ...
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2answers
435 views

Nuance of ね vs よ in the phrase “I miss you”

I've been told that the common English phrase "I'll miss you" would be best said in Japanese by: 寂しくなりますね What I feel from this ね is that there is a sort of mutual acknowledgement assumed by the ...
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1answer
270 views

Can ぐらい be used to replace ごろ?

A question from my N5 mock test book reads: A 「何{なん}時{じ}に うちへ 帰{かえ}りますか。」 B 「7時{じ} (    ) 帰{かえ}ります。」 1 ごろ  2 じゅう  3 まで  4 ぐらい The answer was 1, but I've been taught that both ごろ and ぐらい are ...
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1answer
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をも… what on earth is this particle combination?

In my book I found this sentence... Aさんの健康に関して、特にその食事に関しての心配が、Aさんの心も家族の心をも蝕んでいるのだ。 I understand the sentence, but I had no idea such a particle combination was possible... could someone please ...
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3answers
301 views

Ending Questions with だ

Is it ever proper to end questions with だ? For instance: 誰だ? どんな食べ物は好きだ? I have been told it was correct and incorrect by many parties, but I've always learned to just raise the ending intonation to ...
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3answers
564 views

Can someone help me understand「どころの話ではない」in this sentence?

I don't think I really get it. Could someone please help me? 倍返しどころの話ではないぞ! Is it something like this: It's not even close to paying in double? Thanks in advance!
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2answers
397 views

What does the particle at the end of なぜと申しますと mean?

I've always known that と may be used as a particle that is required for the formation of a conditional phrase or to quote someone's speech. So, what is the function of the last particle in the ...
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1answer
1k views

~場合、 vs 場合は vs 場合には

So I recently read about 場合 for the use of "situation, or circumstance". What is the difference between ~場合、, 場合は, and 場合には? My friend couldn't explain it. He just said you need to feel for which is ...
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1answer
5k views

Difference between と・や and も for lists?

I know that you use と for complete lists, and や for incomplete ones, but when would you use xもyも instead of xとy or xやy? Doesn't も usually replace は or が? Why is も used for lists at all?
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1answer
284 views

で in the copula である

I have always wondered where the で in ~である (and ~でございます) comes from. In the answer to the question 「です」, what is it really? Is my analysis correct?, Eiríkr Útlendi states that the で in ~である is the ...
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1answer
310 views

What is “new information” for が?

I've been trying to understand the age old question of が vs は recently. The resources I've used so far have given helpful answers, but I'm still not getting 1 key point. I'll summarize my knowledge so ...
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2answers
421 views

How can the uses of 「は」and「が」 in this sentence be justified?

The sentence: ほかにも先勝{せんしょう}は午後{ごご}は良{よ}くない日{ひ}とされ、反対{はんたい}に、先負{せんぶ}は午後{ごご}が良{よ}い日{ひ}とされ、また赤口{しゃっこう}は昼{ひる}だけが良{よ}い日{ひ}だとされています。 No matter how much I progress in Japanese, the 「は」and「が」 distinction ...
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2answers
827 views

“Grammatically-correct” particle-less phrases/sayings

I know that within an informal/familiar setting, people often leave out particles. Whether or not this is grammatically correct I'm not positive, but for the sake of this question, I'll say that it's ...
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1answer
864 views

中心にする vs. 中心とする

I am currently studying Japanese and one of the recent grammar points I ran into is the construct「〜を中心[に・と]する」. I was wondering whether the choice of particle has any particular connotation, or ...
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2answers
699 views

Particles after time expressions like “三週間”

I am a beginner in Japanese so I was trying to write some simple sentences to practice my vocabulary and grammar. I wanted to write the sentence: My friend is in Japan for three weeks. as: ...

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