Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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2answers
102 views

Differences between いる and まつ

I understand what the verb まつ (wait) means fairly clearly but my book has no example of いる in a sentence and its definition seems to be similar except it uses が and に as particles for some reason? ...
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1answer
82 views

とやら in direct addressing

I encountered this sentence. 「○○とやら、渡してはならんぞ。」 The meaning is quite obvious: “○○, you mustn’t give it to them!” The mystery to me is the とやら there. The meaning of “somebody called ○○” doesn’t fit ...
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1answer
60 views

How to indicate where you are taking something out of?

If I wanted to say that I am taking meat out of the fridge, would I say 冷蔵庫に肉を出す, or should I use a different particle other than に after 冷蔵庫?
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1answer
198 views

How do you use “ああして” and “もんね”

context are from here, it's a comic sample 相棒をああして亡くしたショックで退職したもんね…かわいそうに I would like to ask The meaning of ああして Can we tell the subject/the one who killed 相棒 from "相棒をああして亡くした"? The meaning of ...
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1answer
80 views

Why there is a “を” in この素晴らしい世界に祝福を and not a “が”? [duplicate]

この素晴らしい世界に祝福を! is translated to English as "A blessing to this wonderful world!" . Why is there a "を" and not a "が" in this sentence? In Spanish (and I assume also in English) "a blessing" would be ...
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1answer
85 views

The role of か in [VERB+か+のNOUN]

The following is from one of the definitions of a word in goo辞書: どちらに傾くかの度合い I do not understand why か is used here instead of こと. Usually, I would expect to see の (or こと) nominalize a verb. ...
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1answer
340 views

Why isn't 笑う usually used with に particle?

From what I understand, there are two types of intransitive verbs (might be wrong) The intransitive verb can act with a direct object or direction with the particle に 私は学校に行きます。 私は友達に会います。 ...
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1answer
89 views

Meaning and usage of “だっておる/だっており”

日本での並び方は、先に来た人から順番に一列に並び、空いたカウンターに、列の一番前の人が向かいます。見た目にも秩序だっており、列が一列しかないので、割り込みも容易ではありません。このような並び方を、フォーク並びといいます。 This だっており confuses me a lot, because I cannot figure out its meaning and usage after ...
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1answer
91 views

「砂を噛むように味__ない。」: Which particle(s) to use best, and how do the meanings differ?

The sentence I encountered was originally: 「砂を噛むように味のない。」 Which I would translate as follows: (Something) lacks taste so much that it is just like chewing on sand. *Don't try this at home. I ...
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1answer
215 views

か as a suffix to mean “a few”: Why is 何__かがVERB not allowed

Here is yet another puzzling sentence for me from a dictionary I am using: 何ページ か 欠けている。 A few pages are missing. (研究社) My understanding is that while 何ページ ambiguously means "what/which/how many ...
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1answer
796 views

What is an emphatic particle?

The explanation I have found says that it is a particle on the end of the sentence. However, in the book I am reading (An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese) it is stated that も is an ...
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1answer
53 views

水面*が*月を映していた: Is に interchangeable?

澄んだ水面 が 月を映していた。 Under the 映す entry in a dictionary (ルミナス、研究社), I found the sample sentence in question among others. However, I couldn't understand why only in this particular sentence is が used in ...
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2answers
149 views

What would happen if I use は or が in 今日何を食べたいですか?

今日何を食べたいですか What do you want to eat today? In other words, what would happen if I say: 今日何は食べたいですか ? 今日何が食べたいですか ? (I want to know the rough meaning of the sentence even if the sentence is ...
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4answers
156 views

あ、バス、(a. 行かないと b. 行っちゃった)。How come answer a is not right?

I am currently preparing for the N3 with the 日本語総まとめ books and one question confuses me: あ、バス、(a. 行かないと b. 行っちゃった)。 Supposedly, a. is wrong while b. is correct. But doesn't a. sound more ...
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1answer
140 views

Sentence structure of いつだって不安な朝は迎え難い 今日くらい大丈夫だって言って

What is the sentence structure of this sentence, which is from the lyrics of this song? I'm lost. How to understand くらい? いつだって不安な朝は迎え難い 今日くらい大丈夫だって言って Does the sentence mean: Mornings of anxiety ...
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2answers
106 views

Is それ何語 the informal version of それは何語ですか?

I heard (maybe I misheard) someone say それ何語? It seems to be the informal version of それは何語ですか? However, I was a bit surprised to see は ommited. Is それ何語 a very informal version of それは何語ですか? Is the ...
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1answer
156 views

How to construct a sentence that’s correct, using についての?

I know the sentence structure XについてのY, but I don’t know how to effectively use it. I know that what precedes it must be a noun or has to be nominalised, but still can’t figure out how to use it ...
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357 views

What is the difference between “を” and “は”? Can I say both “お茶を飲みます。” and “お茶は飲みます。”?

I'm aware that I can say "お茶を飲みます。" (with the particle "を") to convey the meaning "I drink tea." in the sense of indicating that an action is taking place. However, I'd like to know if I can also say ...
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86 views

How to properly use particles in translating the following sentence? [closed]

I'm still trying to figure out how to use two verbs together in Japanese. Like pairing the words "going" and "learn". Please excuse me for my beginner question, as this is my first time posting. I can ...
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1answer
226 views

Using 'Wa' and 'O' particles

Im using this thread for a while as a base for choosing 'o' or 'Ga' particles, and most of the time I hit correctly if there is a need for 'Ga' or 'Wa' particle. However, I couldn't understand what ...
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1answer
453 views

Why is では (dewa) necessary in the following sentence? And what does it mean?

This is the sentence: 私は韓国人ではありません。 Watashi wa kangokujin de wa arimasen. I'm not Korean. I was expecting something like: 私は韓国人ありません。 Watashi wa kangokujin arimasen. Why is the ...
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1answer
102 views

The significance of の in this sentence

I've come across the title of this book: 文句の付けようがないラブコメ And while i do understand the meaning, I don't quite get the usage of の there. Or, in other words why it is used over を. Any help would be ...
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0answers
60 views

is に + は a common construction? [duplicate]

I have a question regarding the phrase はるには -- I get that に is a temporal particle and は is the theme marker. However, I never saw them together. Is this a standard thing to do? Would the literal ...
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1answer
104 views

もう一度やってみるように+と what's the purpose of it?

もう一度やってみるようにと彼を励ましなさい。 I'm confused by the usage of と here. もう一度やってみるように彼を励ましなさい。would be translated as "in order to make him try one more time, please encourage him" but with と I'm not sure how it'...
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1answer
149 views

Help with the grammar of this sentence

I don't understand the grammar in this sentence. The context is someone recalling memories of overseas study exchange program and graduation. アメリカでgraduationがあったのが2月の14日。 もう7ヶ月。それからを休暇と捉えるのか、いや、...
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1answer
202 views

嘘をついているのではないかと疑った。

私は彼が嘘をついているのではないかと疑った。 The amount of particles used here confused the shit out of me and I couldn't understand anything so I need help understanding what each particle does here. Why not just say ...
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1answer
89 views

規則に違反してはいけない。に or を?

I'm confused if I should use に or を in this sentence. (Also if は/が could fit here).
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1answer
92 views

How is のに used here? [duplicate]

https://youtu.be/tdiMAnRekgs?t=4m37s 開けるのに時間を要します. Translated in a Japanese teaching video as "It takes some time to open". From what I understand, it has meanings of despite/although and the like. ...
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1answer
652 views

Use of Nagara if two people are involved

Can you still use nagara if two people are doing the actions? For example I was reading while he was making dinner.
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2answers
169 views

Sushi wa sukidesuka vs sushi ga sukidesuka?

According to Google, I should use ga: (Anata wa) sushi ga sukidesuka? Why ga and not wa?
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1answer
154 views

When can you use the particle さ? [duplicate]

I've seen and heard so much the particle さ but I don't get the hang of it. Does it mean anything or make some kind of emphasis? Can you use it anywhere in the sentence? Because I've seen it in any ...
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0answers
204 views

Difference between か, の and のか

To ask, for example, "Have you already finished doing homework?", is there any difference in using か, の and のか? もう宿題を終えたか? もう宿題を終えたの? もう宿題を終えたのか? I'm a little bit confused about how many ...
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3answers
259 views

Usage of で particle in this sentence: この問題用紙は全部で8ページあります

Usage of particle で and に have been causing me quite some difficulties from the beginning (I keep on using で instead of に and vice versa). From what I've learned so far, particle で indicates either ...
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1answer
205 views

Is 今日本に何時ですか correct?

What I'm trying to say is "what time is it in Japan right now?". My main problem is if I placed 今 correctly and if I should use に or は?
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1answer
116 views

Usage of な in this sentence

What is the meaning of な in the following sentence? この動画に映り込んでる背景は僕の家な気がする。 Is it an abbreviation of なんて or なんか? Or is it simply a filler as explained in this answer?
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1answer
85 views

Is に required after 後?

"I moved two years ago" would be 二年前に引っ越した I think, but if I want to say after x time, would I use に?E.g. 四日後に, or is it not required?
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1answer
261 views

ここに書いた or ここで書いた?

Which particle do I use to say that something is written somewhere? I googled both versions and they have a similar number of hits. Can I use both? Is there a difference between the two?
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2answers
439 views

Why is the が particle used in this sentence?

In this sentence: 彼女はお姉さんが着るのと同じ種類の服を着る。 She wears the same variety of clothes as her sister wears. Why is the が particle used to mark the sister as the subject, when the one doing the action ...
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1answer
250 views

に->には / で->では etc

My question is kinda simple (I hope). When somebody asks you, for example: 学生りょうにTVがありますか。 Can you answer: 台所にはありますが、部屋にはありません。 Or do you use: 台所にありますが、部屋にはありません。 Can you also explain ...
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1answer
160 views

Need help with particles to understand sentences

first english is not my mothertongue, so if i make mistakes, correction are welcome. i'm reading an adult light novel and have some problem translating and understanding precisely two sentences. First ...
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1answer
991 views

About は particle and the 'contrast' it implies

I started learning Japanese about 2 months ago and today, while talking with a friend of mine who has been studying Japanese for about two years, he gave me this example scenario about は particle and ...
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1answer
459 views

Confusion with に、を、と particles used with verbs like 感じる

Consider this sentence: 私は試験のために勉強しなかったことが残念に感じる。I feel regret that I didn't study for the exam. 1.Why is the に particle used instead of と? I have read the answer to this post which considers how ...
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1answer
963 views

How do I combine “I speak Japanese” with “I like to …”?

So to say you like something, you you could say: 僕は[blank]がすきです。 and to say something like "I speak Japanese", you could say: 僕は日本語が話します。 So say I wanted to say I like to speak Japanese, how could ...
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1answer
112 views

can someone explain the use of で particle in this sentence: こんなに単純で当たり前なこと

i'm getting confused with the で particle in this sentence. This line belongs to Keno. The complete line is: こんなに単純で当たり前なことが 本当は、一番見失いがちだからね.
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1answer
177 views

The difference between に and で when focusing on location vs. action

Consider these sentences (scenario 1): (私は)公園に花を植える。(I) plant flowers IN the park. (focus on the park) vs (私は)公園で花を植える。(I) PLANT flowers in the park. (focus on planting) First of all, I would ...
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2answers
168 views

can someone explain the use で in this sentence: 今日も元気で過ごせたらイイよね

Im having trouble getting the correct translation of the sentence because of the で particle, i dont know if its being use as a particle or is the imperative form of 元気
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1answer
120 views

を after particle (であるかを)

This is probably an easy question, but I can't find a clear satisfying answer to it after looking it up so I figured I'd ask here. 自分がどんな人であるかを知ってもらいたい 1) Why can を act on a particle? I understand ...
9
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1answer
223 views

Did つ (助数詞) actually mean の?

There are quite a few examples were tsu actually means no. まつ毛・睫毛・睫 matsuge actually comes from 目の毛 me no ke (ma is another pronunciation for 目 me) 沖つ宮 okitsumiya(aslo written 沖津宮, but, as Meikyou ...
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2answers
206 views

The meaning of “もの” in this sentence [duplicate]

その地域では今も戦争で日に何人もの人が死んでいる。 I encountered the above sentence. But, if it were me, I would write something like this: その地域では今も 戦争で(日々or日)に何人も死んでいる。 Is there any difference between the two in terms ...
2
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1answer
148 views

Can sentence-ending particles be used at the end of an independent clause?

With the sentence: 「僕は今度遠い所へ行くからね、その前一寸お前に遭いに来たよ。」 "I am leaving now to go to a far away place, so before that I came to meet you for a short time." Assuming I read that right, then it seems like ...