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Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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2
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1answer
119 views

using wa or ga. about particles [duplicate]

I started to learn Japanese grammar yesterday,so I am kinda of new to this. My question is this: in an example in my textbook it says : すしは食べた。 Sushi wa tabeta. I ate sushi. (Literally: As for ...
6
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2answers
319 views

What does 弟は友だちの大きいくるまで学校に行きます properly translate to?

I was asked to translate the following sentence: 弟は友だちの大きいくるまで学校に行きます。 I first split it up (in my head) so it looks easier to read, whilst recognising the particles. 弟は 友だちの 大きい くるまで ...
2
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0answers
61 views

Contradictory Usage of だろう・でしょう [duplicate]

I continue seeing sentences that (based on my knowledge) seem to contain conflicting usages of だろう・でしょう. 「妻はルイヴィトンのバッグを欲しがっているんだけど、そんなもん、買えるわけないでしょう! 」 To my understanding わけがない is an expression ...
2
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2answers
225 views

Direct objects of motion verbs and help with the difference between を and に

まちをぶらぶらあるく。 English translation: Walk aimlessly through town. I understand that aimlessly walk takes the object town and that’s why we use を, but wouldn’t it make more sense to use に as the town is ...
5
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1answer
121 views

動詞の前の「と」の使い方と意味

どうしてこの下の文章で「と」を使われましたか。 一、二年とうけもたれた先生。 この「と」の使い方と意味を説明していただけませんか。 よろしくお願いします。
2
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0answers
86 views

What is the function of を in this sentence? [duplicate]

彼は高齢を理由に社長を辞めたよ。 I found this example sentence in some core flashcards, and the translation says He gave up the company presidency due to age. Which makes sense to me, but I don't understand the ...
2
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1answer
194 views

Which is the verb belonging to the particle を?

recently I stumbled upon a sentence in Yukio Mishima's 憂国{ゆうこく} - "Patriotism". It is BTW part Japanese/English parallel text stories, so I basically know what it intends to say but I simply can't ...
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1answer
300 views

What does “とは” mean in these sentences? [duplicate]

I can't understand why "とは" is being used in the following sentences: 1)...質問があります。その質問とは、「なぜ、皆マスクをしているの?」... 2) 花粉症とは、植物の花粉によって起こるアレルギーです。
3
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1answer
118 views

What's the difference between particle へ and を?

Whats the difference between these particles and these two sentences? 国へ帰ります 国を帰ります Don't they both mean "I return to the country"? or A. おかあさんはみせへいく。 B. おかあさんはみせをいく。 Are those both correct ways ...
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0answers
63 views

Use of の in colored objects [duplicate]

It seems to me that some colors need の when describing an item, yet others don't. For example: 黄色のくつ (Yellow shoes; has の) 赤いくつ (Red shoes; no の) オレンジ色のくつ (Orange shoes; has の) 青いくつ (Blue shoes; no ...
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1answer
125 views

Why な instead of の is used in the anime title “はるかなレシーブ”?

There is an anime named "はるかなレシーブ" this season. While the official English name is just using the Romaji (i.e. Harukana Receive) instead of translating the meaning, from the Chinese official ...
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174 views

が particles and their usages

A follow-up to Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip? I'm currently aware of the following が particles / usages: 1) Subject marker (exhaustive listing). I think it can appear at the end if ...
9
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2answers
204 views

Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip?

Audio Clip Is something being omitted here? Is it just a figure of speech?
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0answers
232 views

How many of Japanese text can be written using only kanji?

With many frequent words normally written in kana having their rare kanji (looking at ‘ya, 一寸待{ちょっとま}って!), one starts to wonder of an exercise: is it even possible to rewrite any complete text using ...
2
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1answer
75 views

"と使います”, Why と is used instead of を?

I am preparing for my exam and have a question about the purpose of using と in a sentence. Does anyone know why と is used but not を before the verb 使います in the sentence below? Thanks so much! ...
3
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2answers
254 views

Why is there a 'な' before ’ので’ in this sentence? [duplicate]

このバックパックはよさそうなので、買うつもりです。 'Because this backpack looks good, I intend to buy it.' Following ~sou there is a 'na' placed before the 'node'. Why is this the case? Is it because of the ~sou implemented ...
4
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3answers
311 views

「が」 meaning “or”

I found this sentence in a game manual: 16回に1度、グリーンがブルーのかわりに出現。 Unfortunately I don’t understand why there is 「が」 used between the two color names. The sentence clearly means that this red candy ...
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1answer
237 views

What is the exact meaning of “Xのは”? [duplicate]

I just came across this sentence: 日本語を上手に話すのは難しい。 While I do understand the meaning overall, I am confused as for why it's 話すのは instead of 話すは. If anybody could explain what のは means, that'd be ...
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0answers
24 views

Which is preferred, 気が遠くなるほど or 気の遠くなるほど? [duplicate]

Considering the expression 気が遠くなるほど to describe something of a large scale or hard to conceive, is the variant 気の遠くなるほど also correct and is there any difference in meaning or nuance? Is there any sort ...
1
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1answer
143 views

I do not understand why と is incorrect when trying to say “both” [duplicate]

Before I begin, this post is unrelated, despite the similar title. Here was the question: My father and mother both are English teachers. 父と母は英語の先生です。 父も母も英語の先生です。 父も母も英語先生です。 ...
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0answers
31 views

この下の文章の「は」はどういう意味ですか。 [duplicate]

「そりゃあ、人間だって勉強しなけりゃ、字を読んだり書いたりできるようにはならない。」
0
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1answer
103 views

Why is だ being used at the end of the following sentence?

This is the full sentence: おかしいけど、中国人を理解するのは難しい。私は日本人を理解する方が簡単だ。 I think I was expecting something like です or よ. I'm really confused about this だ.
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2answers
1k views

Missing particle after など in article about new technologies to monitor employees

I'm reading this article about new technologies that are getting introduced to monitor employees. I am unsure about the following sentence. I do not understand why there isn't a particle or something ...
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1answer
77 views

The usage of 比べて — without saying the thing being compared to?

I want to express: 'He is good at basketball. In comparison, she is less skilled.' My sentence is: 彼はバスケットボールで上手です。彼女は、比べて、下手です。 Is this correct? Please correct me for any errors I've made ...
0
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1answer
122 views

Confused on use of ため in article about Honda's robot Ashimo [duplicate]

I'm reading this article about Ashimo the robot made by Honda and I don't understand the use of ため in this sentence. I have usually seen ため followed by the particle の or に, but in this case no ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

What's the meaning of こと in this sentence?

聞いたことない! I'm still confused about the meaning of こと. But I think it means "this," "that," "about," and maybe "it." So, this sentence could be translated as: "I've never heard of this/that/it!" But ...
0
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1answer
88 views

What particle to use in this sentence? [closed]

I want to say “I like spending lunchtimes with Sarah.” (Sarah is a fill-in name) I am absolutely clueless, because I’ve only done Japanese for a semester at school (but I plan on choosing it as a ...
10
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1answer
227 views

What does よ bring in 「〜ないでよね」?

I sometimes hear or read sentences such as: 行かないでよね! 聞かないでよね! I get 「行かないでね!」and 「行かないでよ!」 but I wonder what nuance is added when both of them are used like in these examples. I have the feeling ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

How to say 'It differs depending on the person'

Would the following sentence be correct? 人によってちがいます。 Or would it make more sense to use '人々'? As in; 人々によってちがいます。
2
votes
1answer
80 views

How to say 'Exercise is also very important' (Hontō ni)

In context, I'm attempting to say 'For the sake of a long life, eating well is important but exercise is also very important'. So far I have: 長生きのために よく食べることが大切ですが、運動も本当に大切です。 Is the usage of ...
0
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1answer
111 views

Is it usual for men to use な instead of ね?

I was surprised when in this video: https://youtu.be/m9rf63DsN-s?t=2m44s I heard ごめんな instead of ごめんね. Is this because men ten to use な instead of ね? So maybe men would say, for example, 怖いな ...
2
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3answers
176 views

What's the role of the に particle in this sentence?

I'm having trouble to understand why the ni particle is being used here. ギルダが「情報源」? 本当にギルダ…? That's a part of Yakusoku no Neverland manga, when Emma (one of the main characters) is doubting if Gilda ...
1
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1answer
95 views

What's the use of ね in the following two sentences?

私はそろそろ寝るね。 I understand ね as is it? or isn't it (I think it has other uses)? But in the example above: I will go to bed early. I can't see any possible use for ね. Maybe it could act as "okay?" ...
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2answers
124 views

I don't understand the role of the に particle in this sentence?

The definition of 募集【ぼしゅう】 given in an article by NHK News Web Easy is 人や作品などを、大勢の人に呼びかけて集めること. I don't know what is the role of the に particle in that sentence, is it marking the subject of the ...
4
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2answers
125 views

Why do you use に with 欲しい?

I recently encountered the sentence 「あなたに嬉しくなって欲しい」, which means “I want you to be happy.” Why is に used to mark “you”? If you rephrase the sentence as 「あなたが嬉しくなることが欲しい」, the meaning still comes ...
3
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1answer
189 views

何とも Usage and Meaning

象は 大きい。 象は おりに入れた。 象は えさをやった。 象は 鼻が長い。 などの文では、「象は」はいずれも題目を示している。4の「象は」は「象が」に言い換えられるもので、事実上は文の主語を兼ねる。しかし、5以下は「象が」には言い換えられない。5は「象を」のことであり、6は「象に」のことである。さらに、7の「象は」は何とも言い換えられないものである(「...
3
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1answer
90 views

Turning down an invitation: grammar question

Turning down an invitation For some reason I got it into my head that すみませんがちょっと was a way to turn down an invitation. But for example say you were asked to do X at time Y, and you want to do X but ...
2
votes
1answer
380 views

How do I ask about the specifics of a general activity (like watching TV, reading) with correct grammar?

For example, テレビをみませ is "I will watch TV". I would like to say なにをテレビをみますか but I'm not sure the double を makes any sense, for example in なにをみますか the person may answer テレビ but I want to know what is on ...
2
votes
2answers
258 views

Who is the subject of すきです?

I am a beginner in Japanese language and I started studying particles は and が and I wanted a confirmation to make sure I understand things properly. When it comes to saying "I like you", it should be ...
0
votes
2answers
100 views

Differences between いる and まつ

I understand what the verb まつ (wait) means fairly clearly but my book has no example of いる in a sentence and its definition seems to be similar except it uses が and に as particles for some reason? ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

とやら in direct addressing

I encountered this sentence. 「○○とやら、渡してはならんぞ。」 The meaning is quite obvious: “○○, you mustn’t give it to them!” The mystery to me is the とやら there. The meaning of “somebody called ○○” doesn’t fit ...
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vote
1answer
60 views

How to indicate where you are taking something out of?

If I wanted to say that I am taking meat out of the fridge, would I say 冷蔵庫に肉を出す, or should I use a different particle other than に after 冷蔵庫?
1
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1answer
187 views

How do you use “ああして” and “もんね”

context are from here, it's a comic sample 相棒をああして亡くしたショックで退職したもんね…かわいそうに I would like to ask The meaning of ああして Can we tell the subject/the one who killed 相棒 from "相棒をああして亡くした"? The meaning of ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Why there is a “を” in この素晴らしい世界に祝福を and not a “が”? [duplicate]

この素晴らしい世界に祝福を! is translated to English as "A blessing to this wonderful world!" . Why is there a "を" and not a "が" in this sentence? In Spanish (and I assume also in English) "a blessing" would be ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

The role of か in [VERB+か+のNOUN]

The following is from one of the definitions of a word in goo辞書: どちらに傾くかの度合い I do not understand why か is used here instead of こと. Usually, I would expect to see の (or こと) nominalize a verb. ...
9
votes
1answer
329 views

Why isn't 笑う usually used with に particle?

From what I understand, there are two types of intransitive verbs (might be wrong) The intransitive verb can act with a direct object or direction with the particle に 私は学校に行きます。 私は友達に会います。 ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Meaning and usage of “だっておる/だっており”

日本での並び方は、先に来た人から順番に一列に並び、空いたカウンターに、列の一番前の人が向かいます。見た目にも秩序だっており、列が一列しかないので、割り込みも容易ではありません。このような並び方を、フォーク並びといいます。 This だっており confuses me a lot, because I cannot figure out its meaning and usage after ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

「砂を噛むように味__ない。」: Which particle(s) to use best, and how do the meanings differ?

The sentence I encountered was originally: 「砂を噛むように味のない。」 Which I would translate as follows: (Something) lacks taste so much that it is just like chewing on sand. *Don't try this at home. I ...
6
votes
1answer
213 views

か as a suffix to mean “a few”: Why is 何__かがVERB not allowed

Here is yet another puzzling sentence for me from a dictionary I am using: 何ページ か 欠けている。 A few pages are missing. (研究社) My understanding is that while 何ページ ambiguously means "what/which/how many ...
7
votes
1answer
754 views

What is an emphatic particle?

The explanation I have found says that it is a particle on the end of the sentence. However, in the book I am reading (An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese) it is stated that も is an ...