Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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2
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1answer
296 views

What is the correct parsing of お高くとまる?

I had always thought that the phrase お高くとまる consisted of the adverbial お高く combined with the verb とまる. I never actually paid much attention to the literal meaning since it is obviously a figurative ...
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1answer
54 views

Listing nouns (using “and”)

I'm practicing particles as well as general grammar and I'm wondering if this is an accurate translation of the English statement: "I like sunshine, candy, and apples." 私は日光やキャンディやりんごが好きです。 I have ...
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0answers
88 views

に or で in the sentence pattern “ニュース(に/で)、…という報道があった”

I made the following sentence: テレビ東京は、政治に関するニュースに、(中略)という報道があった However, a Japanese friend of mine advised that I should replace the particle に with で. I googled and found a similar sentence, and ...
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59 views

より vs から to mean “from”

Suppose person A writes a letter to someone. I think the standard way for A to sign it off would be 「Aより」. Would it still be correct if I replaced より with から? Is there any difference in formality ...
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0answers
98 views

Using 場合 with adjectives

I was learning the uses of 場合は from japanesetest4you.com (in the sense "in the event of"), and couldn't help but notice that, although it behaves like a noun, its uses with adjectives were not listed. ...
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83 views

Can 「に」, 「は」 and 「を」 be used as 終助詞 (particles at the end of the sentence)?

I would like to understand more about the practical use of the shūjoshi. な、かしら、かな、の、ぜ、わ、こと were some I found. But I already saw に、は、を being used in the same way. Are they also shūjoshi?
3
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1answer
174 views

How is the passive form used with を?

I encountered this sentence in my textbook: いつか、日本人政治家の中にも世界で尊敬され、名前を知られるような人物が現れるようになるには、まず日本国民一人一人の意識を変えるべきなのだろう。 In all cases of passive form that I learned so far, I only ever seen it used ...
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31 views

の and が before 丘 [duplicate]

光が丘 and 梅が丘 are places in Tokyo, and 平和の丘 is a place in Okinawa. Why is the particle が used in the first two names? Why isn't の used like in 平和の丘?
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2answers
179 views

Rain in the city

東京は今雨が降っている。 literally: Tokyo now rain is falling. Question: why Tokyo is [wa]-ed but not [ni]-ed? Is it allowed to say the same idea in English manner like this? 東京に今雨は降っている。 東京では今雨は降っている。 ...
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2answers
100 views

Professional Titles for Engineer

I am setting up a Japanese language profile in LinkedIn. I am a Nuclear Engineer, but am unsure exactly how that profession is worded in japanese. The two options that seem most appropriate are: ...
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1answer
331 views

Meaning of もてり and use of が

白き布 もて盤上を 磨きたり 人は心に 鏡をもてり。 Is もてり 持てる? If so, in that case why does a potential verb have the が particle?
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32 views

Do へ帰る and に帰る carry the same meaning? [duplicate]

I'm having trouble distinguishing the difference between に and へ with directional verbs and came about two usages where the translation was the same.
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1answer
66 views

place+にて background

I was listening to the Final Fantasy X soundtrack the other day, specifically the famous track To Zanarkand which has the Japanese title of ザナルカンドにて and I realized I don't have a clue what function ...
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3answers
463 views

How to parse 「場合でも」

I was standing at a urinal recently as tried to read the note on the top surface. It was as follows:  人がいない場合でも水が流れることがあります Based (mostly) on the words and context I would expect this to mean ...
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2answers
1k views

「捨ててしまう」Why are there two て’s used here?

The full sentence was : 「捨ててしまうのはもったいないと思って」 I think to throw away (something) is a waste But why are there two て’s? Why is it not 捨てしまう?
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2answers
154 views

Why is に marking time and not で?

As i have learned, the に particle is marking the target of the verb. And it make sense for most cases i have seen except for time. How exactly can time be the target of any verb? wouldn't it make more ...
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0answers
71 views

先に used with nouns

I quite often come across sentences that post-fixes 先に to a place. For example: xxx駅先に各駅に止まります or 待ち合わせ先に直帰 I know that 先 can either mean before or after, and after reading Takumi Sueda's answer to ...
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122 views

Use of が in プラス50円でキャラメルラテかカフェラテがお選び頂けますが。

I've found this sentence in a lesson about ordering food: プラス50円でキャラメルラテかカフェラテがお選び頂けますが。 A Starbucks employee says this to a customer. The meaning should be "If you pay 50 extra yen, you can get ...
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1answer
129 views

って as the equivalent of は

-あっ、トロが来た。 -トロって何ですか。 I have read that って is the equivalent of the topic marker は. (is これって何ですか just as natural as これは何ですか?) Are there situations when we can't use って instead of は?
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さえなっている even becoming [closed]

I am having difficulty figuring out the meaning of this sentence. This is from a Pokémon commercial which is 30 seconds long. I am posting the full transcript and a translation I received just for ...
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3answers
528 views

What does というように mean?

I've been seeing this structure a lot lately, and I feel like it takes on different meanings depending on how it's used. Basically I understand it as: Quotative と + いう(to say, define etc.) + ように (...
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120 views

How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...
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1answer
156 views

How does が mark the subject in this sentence?

I'm trying to understand the way が is used in the following sentence: すると、難しい講義を聞いた後では平均123ミリグラムも上がった血糖値が、面白い話を聞いて笑った後では、平均77ミリグラムしか上がらなかったという結果が出たそうです。 In this case I believe it is a "subject " ...
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1answer
103 views

What is the difference between と話す and に話す

Just as the title says, I'd like to know the difference between 先生に話す and 先生と話す, since they are both correct (if I'm wrong please correct me)
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1answer
140 views

The difference between Verbても and Verbてでも

The difference between Verbても and Verbてでも was discussed in a thread here but I felt it wasn't fully clarified there. This difference is rarely mentioned in textbooks, as far as I can tell. So I ...
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2answers
134 views

Is it possible to use the 〜たい form with the particle が instead of を? [duplicate]

For example, 寿司【すし】を食【た】べたい。 寿司【すし】が食【た】べたい。 If it is possible, then what is the difference in meaning or nuance? Thank you.
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1answer
73 views

What is the purpose of the か in this sentence?

「僕達はあなたがどれほど頑張っているか心配です」 I know that 「か」in the middle of a sentence can be used for embedded questions or as "or," but I don't see any of that here.
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1answer
266 views

で in the copula である

I have always wondered where the で in ~である (and ~でございます) comes from. In the answer to the question 「です」, what is it really? Is my analysis correct?, Eiríkr Útlendi states that the で in ~である is the ...
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1answer
163 views

How is Volitional + と used in these sentences?

In these sentences, I don't understand this particular use of volitional + と. It seems that it's interchangeable with ように or ために in these cases. But I've never seen Volitional + と used like this. ...
3
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1answer
136 views

Sentences without topic particles?

how common is it for there to be sentences like 「私、死んでるよ!」or 「これ、怖い」? is it super informal? any guidelines on when to speak like this?
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1answer
59 views

Differentiation between subjects in relative clauses?

how do you distinguish between saying for example “A person he likes” and “A person who likes him” if they would both be 彼が好きな人?is there a way around that? different wording? a different particle? i ...
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1answer
117 views

Use of やと in 「日本人やとそれが当たり前やから、いまいちわからない」?

I understand や = だ in Kansai-ben but I don’t understand what either やと or だと would mean here. I’m guessing the meaning is close to “For Japanese people that is normal so I don’t understand.” Thanks!!!
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3answers
1k views

Purpose of のは in this sentence?

What is the purpose of のは in the sentence “今浮かんだのは”? The context is, I asked someone what their favorite English word was and they said “Hmm 今浮かんだのは bullshit. Just kidding!” Would the translation be ...
4
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1answer
74 views

Saying 'In my opinion, the internet has more good points than bad points'. [Comparative]

To say 'In my opinion, the internet has more good points than bad points', would the following phrase be correct; 「僕のいけんでインタネットは悪い点よりもっといい点があります。」 Would this phrase be correct? Or would it make more ...
3
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1answer
203 views

Question about かな and だろう

Among these phrases which is the correct one? 今日は雨が降るかな or 今日は雨が降るだろう/でしょう
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1answer
75 views

What does のかもな mean at the end of a sentence?

I played a game (visual novel for PS2) in Japanese. And I came across this sentence: でも、あの時の俺は、本当は違ったのかもな。。。 And I was wondering what the part after 違う(ちがう)means. I guess, that の may change it ...
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0answers
108 views

Usage of ところ to represent time with に and で

I am trying to understand the grammar of using ところ with に and で when using ところ to represent the time that actions have happened. These are (ungrammatical) sentences I made up: 1) ...
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2answers
282 views

Shigeru Miyamoto interview

I always have difficulty understanding 宮本 茂. His Japanese is like the hardest to understand. I can watch whole anime's with no problem, and read through lots of text in video games and manuals, but ...
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2answers
138 views

What nouns can ながら turn into adverbs, and how does this differ from に? (残念ながら、当然ながら…)

I learned 残念ながら quite early on and simply took it at face value, but as I've gained experience in Japanese I've come to question why this piece of grammar has two seemingly unrelated uses - expressing ...
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1answer
112 views

Particle missing in 'こんなにおいしいの食べたことありません'

I saw following sentence in one text book こんなにおいしいの食べたことありません But I would expect こんなにおいしいのは食べたことがありません Can both 'は' and 'が' be omitted here?
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2answers
154 views

Alternative to の

I would like to translate this sentence: In order to compensate the deviation of the actual from the requested output current, the input voltage must be adjusted. I would try as follows: ...
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1answer
74 views

~う/ることが(は、も)ある construction

During my studies I faced a situation where I stuck with understanding this construction. My textbook said that various particles can be used there but it hasn't explained the function of each ...
5
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1answer
89 views

で used with non-action verbs like あります

On another forum I encountered the sentence 私の国では色々な店にあります。I understood it as “In my country [it] is in various stores.” But I am wondering about the use of the particle で. In common grammatical ...
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1answer
131 views

What Is The Difference Between 「好きじゃないです」and 「好きではないんです。」?

I understand that they both mean I do not like, but I'm not sure what exactly 「好きではない」means. Moreover, does the particle 'では'make a difference, or could you have just used 'は'? Thank you
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0answers
145 views

が in the expression “耳が聞こえない”

I tried to translate this phrase literally and came up with "(My) ears can't hear". Since the expression means "(I'm) deaf", this makes sense. However, I can't really get it to work grammatically, ...
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1answer
773 views

The difference between 時 and 時は

I know that it's correct to use は after 時, and it's also correct to omit it. For example: 子供の 時、よく海で泳ぎました。 子供の 時は、よく海で泳ぎました。 How does the meaning of the sentence change when the particle is ...
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0answers
29 views

The particle は before 押す [duplicate]

スイッチは押しましたか。 Can を be used in place of は here? (Have you pressed the switch? / Did you press the switch?) 押す is a transitive verb, so the use of は is confusing. Thank you for your help!
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2answers
181 views

Will expression retain the same definition if particle is changed?

自分を奮い立たせるために、わざと自分の考えを声に出し行動を始めた。 I came across the expression 声を出す on jisho.org. I don't know if replacing the expression's を with に (because を is already used earlier in the sentence) will allow me ...
3
votes
2answers
151 views

“~たい”-form and associated particle usage

My question is about the "~たい"-form ("want to"). I know that in a sentence containing this form, you can use は to mark the person who desires something. For example, "私は、東京に行きたい". But then I came ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Dictionary form + と for a single occasion

自由が丘の駅で、大井町線から降りると、ママはトットちゃんの手を引っ張って、改札口を出ようとした。 As far as I know, a dictionary verb form + と is used to mean "when/if", "whenever" (e.g. 秋になると、木が赤くなります (it's always like that)). But the sentence ...

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