Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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118 views

Which clause is the だけ in 身の危険が迫った時にだけ発現する能力だから attached to?

身の危険が迫った時にだけ発現する能力だから I know there are two relative clauses in the above sentence, as shown below. Example structure is [verb/sentence]noun/main clause] Relative clause 1: [身の危険が迫った]時] ...
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3answers
674 views

Why is there a が in 深淵に臨むが如し?

In the sentence 深淵に臨むが如し why is there a particle が after the verb 臨む? Shouldn't it be 深淵に臨むよう?
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55 views

What is the difference between を vs の in 何を勉強します and 何の勉強します?

What is the difference between を vs の in 何を勉強します and 何の勉強します ? I noticed in sentences both variants. And I wonder which of them more properly or in which case they are should be used? P.S.Neither ...
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1answer
142 views

Couldn't “ni” particle be used in this example?

I'm a total newbie learning japanese as you will see, so please be patient with me. I have this sentence from my textbook: Shiken no toki jisho o minai de kudasai! Because it was a new lesson, I ...
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1answer
585 views

What is the meaning of でも 私 あなたのそういうところ すきよ?

I was reading a manga and the character said: でも 私 あなたのそういうところ すきよ I translated it as "You like someone such as me." I may be completely wrong because ところ throws me off. I know some particles are ...
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1answer
137 views

占める and particles

My book says that AはBの[割合]を占めている is a structure used to say A accounts for [fraction] of B So far, so good. But it also provides the following two alternative structures, which bother me: ...
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2answers
130 views

Why is みんな sometimes used with a particle and without?

I've seen in Genki I みんな used without a particle (no particle follows the word). For example: たいていみんな寝ています 私のかぞくは四人です。みんなとてもしんせつです。 However, I've also seen sentences in which it is followed ...
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2answers
157 views

What is the meaning of がち + に + Verb?

I understand that がち can be loosely translated as "apt to" "tend to" and these meanings are present in がち よく、すぐ、しやすい、することが多い I can see the meaning of "tend to" easily in this type of sentence ...
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1answer
99 views

What で is the で in the expression 「朝寝坊した、それで仕事に遅れたんだ」?

There are a few expressions in Japanese where particle で is used but I don't really know which で that one is. それで (translated as and then; after that; due to that) is one of those cases. I basically ...
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63 views

ところ+particle(助詞) precision

Hy, I am currently working on with 新完成マスター N3 for my grammar part and I get stuck on a small section of the lesson related to ところ(~p.17)。 So far, I understand that, according to this lesson, ところ can ...
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1answer
106 views

What is the difference between ending a question with んだ?and の?

I thought の when used in questions is for when you’re asking for an explanation or to have a curious tone, but んだ is also for explanation and I’ve seen both used to end questions so what are the ...
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1answer
50 views

Particle Use When Using Form V-ている/ある at a Location: で or に?

So imagine I get asked this question, perhaps when calling someone: 図書館...何をしている。 Perhaps I am reading a book, so: [僕は]としょかん...本を読んでいる。 Here is the problem. For "...", I am conflicted on whether to ...
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1answer
103 views

Given the context, what is the correct way to parse this sentence segment 次に訊くべき言葉が出てこない。?

この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され、それを着込みながら僕は彼女に質問した。 「君は……」 [名前なら、ないわ] こちらから訊くより先に、低く呟くような声が返ってきた。 「呼びにくければアインと呼んで。 いつもそう呼ばれてたから」 質問の出鼻をくじかれ、次に訊くべき言葉が出てこない。 My western brain doesn't ...
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1answer
101 views

Use of ni or wa for “ I always eat with my older brother on monday”

In my textbooks solution it says getsuyoubi ha itsumo ani to isshoni tabemasu I thought it would be getsuyoubi ni Thank you in advance
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1answer
48 views

Is 「っしょ」possibly a colloquial sentence ending particle?

In this chapter of Chainsawman I saw this 「いいっしょ」 and am confused by what it means. Are there any other particles like this? I don't see this on any lists online. Thanks!
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77 views

Which Japanese Particle should go here, (ni) or (wa)?

わたしの いえ_ へやが みっつ あります。 Essentially what I'm trying to say here is, "There are three rooms in my house"... What should go after ie (house)?
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92 views

The location crisis を + が + で + に

I realize that an explanation of when to use に or で must be everywhere on this site but i have a rather peculiar question on this topic. For me alot of things in japanese atart out as "memorize this"...
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23 views

When do you use the particles “ga” or “wo” for certain adjectives? [duplicate]

I understand the differences between using "ga" and "wo" for action verbs and static verbs, but what about for adjectives? For example, typically you would say Xが怖い, but I see several cases where it's ...
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89 views

Could anyone tell me about how to use か at the end of the news article I see it a lot and get confused about it all the time

I get confused about it all the time Please explain how to use and how to translate it Thank you for your explanation
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1answer
67 views

Meaning of 荷重が乗りきる

Context: a boxer has just landed a great uppercut with an upward movement. His father describes the punch in this way: 荷重が乗りきってからの急激な〝縦〟一閃 I think here 乗りきる means "to overcome", so my rough ...
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91 views

Particle を with てある

Which particle, が(は)or を、 is correct to use with てある? According to my textbook, が(は)should be used. For example, ヒーターがつけてあります。 But a native Japanese speaker has told me that he'd use を instead of ...
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1answer
118 views

What is the meaning? — 誰かいないのか

I need your help. "誰かいないのか" As far as I understand it, this translates to something like, "I want to know, if there somebody, who is available now" The questions are: Is the translation ok? Could ...
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46 views

Explanation of でもあります? [duplicate]

I saw this in my Genki I book and I don’t quite understand how to use でもあります. Also, how would I say this informally? パットはアメリカ人でもある?
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193 views

Are there any consistent rules as to how to distinguish words in Japanese?

I got involved with tokenization (mecab, kuromoji) and got confused as to what a "word" is in the Japanese language. Scenario 1: "たべません" analyzed by a tokenizer, outputs the following tokens: たべ ...
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145 views

What's the correct translation for 'Japanese Student': 'Nihonjin gakusee' or 'Nihonjin no gakusee'?

I have seen both uses in different contexts, but I'm having trouble figuring out in which case to use the 'no' particle!
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2answers
94 views

決めることに賛成です Ni particle

私としては、多数決で決めることに賛成です。 in this sentence why did we use に particle before 賛成です. is 賛成 here working as a noun or adjective ?
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970 views

What's the meaning of こそ in this sentence?

While doing some exercises I found one where I am supposed to insert the correct answer in this dialogue, but I don't understand why it goes こそ。 マイクさん:「ジャンさん、歌うまいね」 ジャンさん:「そんなことないよ。マイクさん…………...
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What does なんと mean here? [duplicate]

I'm reading this introduction to mahjong, and found this use of なんと I cannot match to anything in Daijisen. 1回目のツモがまったく関係ない西で、そこでローワンをアンカンしたら、なんとリンシャンからイーソウをツモ。 As I understand it, the line means ...
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1answer
293 views

What is the correct parsing of お高くとまる?

I had always thought that the phrase お高くとまる consisted of the adverbial お高く combined with the verb とまる. I never actually paid much attention to the literal meaning since it is obviously a figurative ...
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1answer
49 views

Listing nouns (using “and”)

I'm practicing particles as well as general grammar and I'm wondering if this is an accurate translation of the English statement: "I like sunshine, candy, and apples." 私は日光やキャンディやりんごが好きです。 I have ...
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80 views

に or で in the sentence pattern “ニュース(に/で)、…という報道があった”

I made the following sentence: テレビ東京は、政治に関するニュースに、(中略)という報道があった However, a Japanese friend of mine advised that I should replace the particle に with で. I googled and found a similar sentence, and ...
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58 views

より vs から to mean “from”

Suppose person A writes a letter to someone. I think the standard way for A to sign it off would be 「Aより」. Would it still be correct if I replaced より with から? Is there any difference in formality ...
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83 views

Using 場合 with adjectives

I was learning the uses of 場合は from japanesetest4you.com (in the sense "in the event of"), and couldn't help but notice that, although it behaves like a noun, its uses with adjectives were not listed. ...
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80 views

Can 「に」, 「は」 and 「を」 be used as 終助詞 (particles at the end of the sentence)?

I would like to understand more about the practical use of the shūjoshi. な、かしら、かな、の、ぜ、わ、こと were some I found. But I already saw に、は、を being used in the same way. Are they also shūjoshi?
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135 views

How is the passive form used with を?

I encountered this sentence in my textbook: いつか、日本人政治家の中にも世界で尊敬され、名前を知られるような人物が現れるようになるには、まず日本国民一人一人の意識を変えるべきなのだろう。 In all cases of passive form that I learned so far, I only ever seen it used ...
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31 views

の and が before 丘 [duplicate]

光が丘 and 梅が丘 are places in Tokyo, and 平和の丘 is a place in Okinawa. Why is the particle が used in the first two names? Why isn't の used like in 平和の丘?
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163 views

Rain in the city

東京は今雨が降っている。 literally: Tokyo now rain is falling. Question: why Tokyo is [wa]-ed but not [ni]-ed? Is it allowed to say the same idea in English manner like this? 東京に今雨は降っている。 東京では今雨は降っている。 ...
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94 views

Professional Titles for Engineer

I am setting up a Japanese language profile in LinkedIn. I am a Nuclear Engineer, but am unsure exactly how that profession is worded in japanese. The two options that seem most appropriate are: ...
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1answer
317 views

Meaning of もてり and use of が

白き布 もて盤上を 磨きたり 人は心に 鏡をもてり。 Is もてり 持てる? If so, in that case why does a potential verb have the が particle?
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31 views

Do へ帰る and に帰る carry the same meaning? [duplicate]

I'm having trouble distinguishing the difference between に and へ with directional verbs and came about two usages where the translation was the same.
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1answer
54 views

place+にて background

I was listening to the Final Fantasy X soundtrack the other day, specifically the famous track To Zanarkand which has the Japanese title of ザナルカンドにて and I realized I don't have a clue what function ...
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3answers
450 views

How to parse 「場合でも」

I was standing at a urinal recently as tried to read the note on the top surface. It was as follows:  人がいない場合でも水が流れることがあります Based (mostly) on the words and context I would expect this to mean ...
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2answers
1k views

「捨ててしまう」Why are there two て’s used here?

The full sentence was : 「捨ててしまうのはもったいないと思って」 I think to throw away (something) is a waste But why are there two て’s? Why is it not 捨てしまう?
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149 views

Why is に marking time and not で?

As i have learned, the に particle is marking the target of the verb. And it make sense for most cases i have seen except for time. How exactly can time be the target of any verb? wouldn't it make more ...
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61 views

先に used with nouns

I quite often come across sentences that post-fixes 先に to a place. For example: xxx駅先に各駅に止まります or 待ち合わせ先に直帰 I know that 先 can either mean before or after, and after reading Takumi Sueda's answer to ...
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2answers
112 views

Use of が in プラス50円でキャラメルラテかカフェラテがお選び頂けますが。

I've found this sentence in a lesson about ordering food: プラス50円でキャラメルラテかカフェラテがお選び頂けますが。 A Starbucks employee says this to a customer. The meaning should be "If you pay 50 extra yen, you can get ...
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1answer
118 views

って as the equivalent of は

-あっ、トロが来た。 -トロって何ですか。 I have read that って is the equivalent of the topic marker は. (is これって何ですか just as natural as これは何ですか?) Are there situations when we can't use って instead of は?
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81 views

さえなっている even becoming [closed]

I am having difficulty figuring out the meaning of this sentence. This is from a Pokémon commercial which is 30 seconds long. I am posting the full transcript and a translation I received just for ...
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3answers
210 views

What does というように mean?

I've been seeing this structure a lot lately, and I feel like it takes on different meanings depending on how it's used. Basically I understand it as: Quotative と + いう(to say, define etc.) + ように (...
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108 views

How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...