Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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4
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1answer
162 views

What's the difference between 「〜とつきあう」 and 「〜につきあう」?

I understand that つきあう means "to hang out with, to date, to keep company…". I've seen it used both with と and with に, but I haven't been able to figure out when to use which. So for example, what's ...
1
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1answer
77 views

When can を be replaced with に?

In these two sentences, I would've thought に would be used in place, but instead を is used? When is it appropriate to use either? A: 反対側【はんたいがわ】50メートルあたりを探【さが】して! Search around 50 metres on the ...
1
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1answer
60 views

っといても after a verb

What does っといても mean after a verb, I've seen it several times. I'm guessing it's a slang form or a shortened form? I know that ても means "even if" (roughly), and I've seen って a lot so wasn't sure if it'...
3
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1answer
63 views

Questions about a correction, nominalizing, and particles

I was practicing writing sentences and tried to write the following in Japanese: I heard he escaped from the island. I originally came up with 彼が島から逃げるのを聞いたそうです。 But then I was corrected by 2 ...
5
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0answers
185 views

Is a particle required after 何か?

I noticed that particles are sometimes omitted after 何か. Is there a grammatical rule that dictates omission of a particle after 何か or this is just a conversational contraction? E.g., are the following ...
2
votes
2answers
293 views

Transforming (conjugating) verbs

So I am studying from an online site called Memrise but they seem to teach pretty straightforward stuff that you have to memorize in order to do them. Yeah I can ask and say things but I can notice ...
2
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2answers
202 views

~を出る vs. ~から出る: Grammar rule not consistent

In 初級を教える人のための日本語文法ハンドブック (pg. 24), an attempt is made to distinguish between ~を出る and ~から出る (also applied to 出発する or other "leaving" verbs), but the description seems inconsistent: 「を」vs.「から」 ...
4
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1answer
150 views

Difference between やめろい and やめろ

What exactly is the difference between やめろい and やめろ? Is this い the same as the one used to strenghten assertions and statements like the い used in the sentence-final かい, だい, and がい? Can it be used ...
3
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1answer
91 views

Aren't 「から」 and 「ので」 closer to the meaning of “because” rather than “so”?

To my understanding all particles affect the word or clause that appears before them: 「駅から家まで行く。」 means "I'll go from the station to my house" rather than "I'll go the station from house to go". So ...
3
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1answer
106 views

Meaning of がい in だろうがい

What exactly does "がい" mean in the phrase "リーダーは俺だろうがい"? To give some context, here's part of the video I heard it from: https://youtu.be/44UruxeJ_20?t=1127 This was said by a comedian, so maybe it'...
8
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2answers
194 views

What's the meaning of にもin その話は前にも聞いたよ。?

その話は前にも聞いたよ。is translated as "I heard that story before". I assume that the subject is implicit, その話 "that story" is the topic, 前 is "before" and 聞いた is the past of hear. What about にも? Why is 前 ...
2
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1answer
274 views

Help parsing a sentence with two を

Context: in the Dead Tube manga, a villain is talking about how she turned people into zombies by giving them a hallucinogenic drug and explains that they are "contagious". ...
1
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1answer
180 views

What is the meaning? — 誰かいないのか

I need your help. "誰かいないのか" As far as I understand it, this translates to something like, "I want to know, if there somebody, who is available now" The questions are: Is the translation ok? Could ...
1
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1answer
144 views

What I'm getting wrong on this sentence? あそこに立っているのが、あなたのみらいの子どもです

I translated the following sentence あそこに立っているのが、あなたのみらいの子どもです Into: "Your future child will be standing there." But the correct translation according to Wanikani would be: The person ...
3
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2answers
285 views

Double が particles

To my understanding, 誰{だれ}が猫{ねこ}が好き{すき}? is a valid sentence in Japanese. What exactly is happening here with the two が particles? Is it really the case that 好き can take two subjects? Or is it that ...
1
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1answer
88 views

What's the meaning of ともすると and かとも in this sentence?

I would like to understand the meaning and usage of those two sets of particles in here. 左の腋窩と右の脇腹に箆深く射された矢がなかったなら、 それはともすると羅馬の競技者が、 薄暮の庭樹に凭って疲れを休めている姿かとも見えた。 ともすると: I've read it works as an ...
2
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1answer
184 views

Question about ほど in this sentence

I wasn't able to find any explanation of 「ほど」 in these constructions... 「そんなテメーに盾突かれるほど頭に来る事はない」 In any case I would like to ask whether I am getting the general meaning right. Besides that I ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Nuances of「すらさえも」?

I came across this 「すらさえも」construction in the following sentence: 「子供を誘拐したロリコン野郎からすらさえもバカにされ続けた」 I've learned that they mean (mostly) the same, but haven't come across them in immediate succession;...
2
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1answer
166 views

How can this sentence be understood?

I'm reading 仮面の告白 by Mishima Yukio, and I came across this sentence: そのほか に縄目は見えず、青年の裸体を覆うものとては、腰のまわりにゆるやか に巻きつけられた 白い粗布があるばかりだった。 I would like to understand how is this sentence made by the ...
13
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2answers
692 views

In Okinawan, what is the ン in ウチナーンチュ?

The Okinawan word for "Okinawa" is ウチナー, for "person" is チュ, and for "Okinawan" (person) is ウチナーンチュ. I'd like to know where this ン comes from between the part for "Okinawa" and the part for "person". ...
1
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1answer
146 views

Omitting the particle? 「時の経つのも忘れさせる」

明快な口調とテンポの良い楽しい授業が時の経つのも忘れさせる。 When I searched the Internet I found the phrase 時の経つのを忘れさせる. So, what is the reason for replacing the particle を with も?
1
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1answer
62 views

とまで parsing and usage

In no game no life, this is one of the first things that is said about "blank", and it is supposed to translate to: "Among gamers, they're said to be unbeatable. 勝{か}つことは不可能{ふかのう}とまで言われるゲーマーの話を‌ (...
36
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3answers
10k views

Usage of なんて and なんか as emphasis

When are なんて and なんか used as emphasis in casual speech? Are they used when you're surprised, angry or can it be both? What sort of feeling does it convey to the listener compared to a normal sentence ...
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0answers
78 views

Interpretation of にはな in this sentence

I know that based on the title it might sound a bit odd, but thing is, there's a video game I like and it only has an English dub and Japanese subtitles. There's a line (which is spoken by a guy), ...
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0answers
53 views

では vs には in these two sentences

去年 広島に行きました 広島では原爆ドームに行きました。 私の国ではドラゴンロールというすしが人気があります。 In these two sentences why is では being used instead of には? 行きました is a traveling movement so you use に. No action is occurring in the ...
4
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2answers
122 views

Disambiguation of 大抵

I am having problems with when to understand 大抵 as: a) 事柄のあらまし。だいたいのようす。また、全体のうちの大部分。おおよそ。おおかた。(https://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/word/大抵/#jn-133918) (or as defined in Apple's dictionary) 全体の中の大部分のもの。...
3
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1answer
153 views

What is the meaning of this な?

少なくともあなた自身は 見たら抜かずにはいられないほど嫌い、な様ではないようですし So , what does this な in {な様} mean ?
3
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0answers
125 views

Why is が not being used in this sentence?

A: あの~、すみません。 B: はい。 A: このへんにこうしゅうでんわはありますか。 Image In the third sentence, は is used instead of が, but こうしゅうでんわ is something new being added to the conversation, which is a function of が.
2
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1answer
81 views

Meaning of particle and word in provided sentence

What is the meaning of this sentence 高橋ですが、今よろしいでしょうか, is が being used to indicate that the speaker has more to say. Also what is the meaning of でしょう in this sentence?
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0answers
83 views

What is the meaning of のだと in this context?

これが学習者にとっては妙なのだと気付くには慣れが必要かもしれませんが What does のだとmean here ?
2
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3answers
713 views

What is the meaning/usage of に in the following sentence?

ある事柄について感じた事(が、発表できる程度にまとまったもの)。 So, I understand the first sentence, but I'm a little confused about the second one. My translation is: to have a feeling about a certain matter to the extent of ...
1
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0answers
55 views

What is the meaning or usage of the に at the end of the following sentence?

あなたもできる対処法とは? 不安から日常安心できる生活に 。 So what does the に here refer to? Is it になる?
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0answers
76 views

Causative and the particle に + how to properly translate

I came across this sentence in the Yugioh Manga: 「最大の誤算は貴様ごときに神を拝ませることになろうなぁんてねぇ」 (the preceding sentence: 「俺は貴様を多少みくびっていた....」) I used Please help me identify who does what in this sentence and ...
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1answer
115 views

が vs は for intransitive verbs

In my textbook it says that to say: There is a good restaurant in this building. the translation is: このたてものにいいレストランがあります。 However, why is が used and not は? Would は be indicating a contrast (...
4
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1answer
230 views

Is this sentence correct? courtesy/honorific use of the passive

総理大臣【そうりだいじん】はヨーロッパを訪問【ほうもん】されたくさんの国々の大統領【だいとうりょう】に会われた。 "The prime minister visited Europe and met the presidents of various countries". され is as this to link the phrase right? Why use "を" as ...
11
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3answers
903 views

Problems with は and が

Consider: [A] 猫が好きだ To me this means [A']"I like cats." Contrast this to: [B] 猫は好きだ To me this means [B']"I like cats (among other animals)" I based my understanding of [B] from Derek ...
7
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1answer
233 views

で in the copula である

I have always wondered where the で in ~である (and ~でございます) comes from. In the answer to the question 「です」, what is it really? Is my analysis correct?, Eiríkr Útlendi states that the で in ~である is the ...
3
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2answers
448 views

都合の悪いところ + 見て判断したそう + punctuation of this sentence

I am having several problems understanding this sentence: 「都合の悪いところは破っておいた日記と一緒に持ち帰った、小型デストロイヤーの足を見て判断したそうだ。」 First of all と一緒に持ち帰った、, especially the "、" confuses in the sense of the scope of と一緒に. ...
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0answers
47 views

the meaning of との here? [duplicate]

その場合、ウイルス性脳炎やギラン・バレー症候群などの神経疾患との鑑別に苦慮するなど診断が困難を極める。 What is the meaning of との in this sentence ?
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0answers
22 views

…がいい…のいい difference? [duplicate]

I have been stumbling upon phrases like 「頭のいい人」 「頭がいい人」 Or in relation to my other question 「都合の悪いところ」 「都合の悪いところ」 Are there any differences in meaning/nuance? And extending on 「のいい」while I am ...
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0answers
33 views

what is the correct particle in this particular case, の or で [duplicate]

Which of these two forms is better to say "[This] is the best [something] in the world"? 「なになに」 これは世界で一番の「何々」ですよ それとも これは世界の一番の「何々」ですよ
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1answer
59 views

What is this usage of と at the end of a sentence in this song? And in general?

In the song Chercher by KOTOKO, there are a couple lines that look like completed thoughts/sentences, but end in と For example 約束{やくそく}する 私{わたし}がすぐあなたのこと探{さが}し出{だ}すと Also she definitely says 「と」...
7
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2answers
312 views

相手には when speaking of “two third persons”

I want to clarify my understanding of 相手には in the following sentence... 「人見知りをしない相手には強気なところがあるよな」 It refers to a person that usually acts rather shy around others but scolded one of her ...
4
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1answer
335 views

が function in this sentence?

In this sentence 昨日レストランに行きましたがすごく美味しかったですよ, what is the function of が? So far I have learned that this particle is used to emphasize what comes before it or is used as "but". However, I cannot ...
2
votes
1answer
467 views

What is the にはな used for in the following sentence?

「僕にはな、ちゃんとした名前が……」 Is the above にはな made from the に+は particles with a ない (omitted い), or is it something else entirely? Context provided below if it will help in solving the above issue. ...
5
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0answers
86 views

Who's afraid in 私が怖い? [duplicate]

In an anime I heard this sentence: どうして私と戦おうとしないの?私が怖いの? which is translated as "Why don't you want to fight me? Are you scared of me?". I'm not sure why が is used here: I found that 私は怖い means "I'...
1
vote
1answer
501 views

Say I want to speak with someone

How do you express that you want to speak with someone using Kanji? So far I imagine I would us something like マリオ話{はなせ}欲{ほ}しいます。Combining the name of the person "マリオ", expressing a want "欲{ほ}しい", and ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Can sentence-ending particles be used at the end of an independent clause?

With the sentence: 「僕は今度遠い所へ行くからね、その前一寸お前に遭いに来たよ。」 "I am leaving now to go to a far away place, so before that I came to meet you for a short time." Assuming I read that right, then it seems like ...
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0answers
66 views

NO adjectives list or complete explanation

how can i distinguish between no adjectives and noun? particularly, No adjectives are joined with a ni particles, Is there any full list or something to remember about them ?
6
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2answers
411 views

Understanding the の in ~ものの

I thought that の always had to modify a noun... so how come a sentence like the following is possible despite there being no nominalization of what follows の ? たたみに布団を敷いて寝てみたものの、背中が痛くて寝られなかった。 Is ...