Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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27 views

What nuances do ~というところにあります and ~のであって add?

There's a long sentence describing the differences between transitive and intransitive verbs in a Japanese grammar book: 自動詞と他動詞の違いは、自動詞の場合は、自然力の影響などで出来事が起こったのであって、そこには人間などの意志 (意図) は含まれていない、...
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153 views

Unknown string of kana “-始めようとしていたなかで-”?

The above image is screengrabbed from the intro to ロンドン精霊探偵団, a story set in 19th century London. This is a line from the prologue. It reads: その予感が 人々の中に芽生え始めようとしていたなかで きままに暮らす ひとりの少年がいた…… I have ...
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158 views

How to say “All [sth.] says is …”

I'm working on a project for my Japanese class. I'm writing about Sweden's right of public access (allemansrätten) (yes, I had to look up a lot of vocabulary) and trying to say "the constitution ...
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137 views

Question about some grammar structures in the sentence

While I was learing Japanese through 小1くちばし音読・授業・クイズ2, I came acorss sentences at at about the 7 minute mark (thanks to @Leebo) as this: 正解ですね、ここの部分なんですね、この羽がさ頭の部分からぴょんと違う方向に出ているでしょう。これのことを「冠羽」...
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Double negation sentence in manga

だけど... 冷えるんだったら スカートじゃない ほう が いい ん じゃないのか? I just don't understand this sentence. I'm not keen on if ん is の(?) in both cases and I assume ほう(方)simply indicates an action and there's a double ...
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88 views

は after words like 何か or 誰か

So I know you can't use は after an interrogative word like 何 or 誰. However, if you add a か after them, they're no longer interrogative words, right? So I should be able to say something like: ...
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2answers
74 views

What is な’sfunction in this sentence?

I have not seen な used with a noun in this manner before (I know it can be used with な "nouns" but I do not believe that 日曜日 is one of these) and was wondering what is the exact effect of な ...
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62 views

Passive voice and complex or connecting sentence

Imagine a situation where you've been informed by Mr. Rentarou that on Wednesday you will have an interview with Ms. Suzuki. Then, you've decided to confirm the information directly to Ms. Suzuki. I'...
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のだとしても vs としても What’s the difference?

そもそも七罪は、士道に霊力を封印される前に、士道や精霊たちを巻き込んで事件を起こしてしまっていたのだ。皆、そのときのことは水に流してくれてはいたのだが……1人くらい、皆に同調したように見せかけて、七罪への恨みを残している者がいてもおかしくはなかった。 しかもそのとき七罪が化けていたのは『よしのん』……四糸乃の無二の友だちなのである。士道や他の精霊たちが学校へ行ってしまった瞬間を見計らって、...
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ご存じ how to use properly and why

I found a couple of examples using this noun; neither makes a lot of sense. i think that ご存じ is an irregular polite form of 知る. However, if that is the case it is a bit odd as the polite form of a ...
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Resource for looking up particles for verbs,

I will give an example; 出る is a verb where its unclear what you use as the particle depending on circumstance. if you are to say something like "Bill appeared on stage." you would use the ...
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72 views

Can が be replaced by something else in this structure?

So reviewing basic grammar I've come across a structure where you use は and が to show contrast in the following way: (私は)土曜日は暇ですが、日曜日は忙しいです。 This sentence sounds right to me, but it would sound ...
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function of に in 学業にスポーツ [duplicate]

学業にスポーツ、なにをやっても秀でいる兄と違い、原島は、何もかもが平凡であった。 I can`t figure out the meaning/funtction of に in this sentence... I checked a page which listed several usages of に but nothing seems to fit
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66 views

Interchangeability of も and と to emphasize size

Both も and と, when used with counters, emphasize the size of the amount being mentioned. From what I've learned, も usually emphasizes how "large" it is while と emphasizes how "small&...
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91 views

what does してん do here? [duplicate]

「なにしてんだよ。」 appears in this book ISBN-13: 978-0143118336 On page 61, the longer context is 下の子どもの泣き声が聞こえた。いつの間にか、姿が見えなくなっている。あわてて辺りを見渡した私に、上の娘が、あの子、あんなところにいる、と笑いながら教えてくれた。はじめの仔猫のいた場所に、...
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Aren't 「から」 and 「ので」 closer to the meaning of “because” rather than “so”?

To my understanding all particles affect the word or clause that appears before them: 「駅から家まで行く。」 means "I'll go from the station to my house" rather than "I'll go the station from house to go". So ...
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how to know when to say “ha” or “wa” with は

it is going to be the end of week 3 in learning japanese and i've noticed how sometimes in sentences the hiragana は can sound like "wa" as well, why is this so? And also when do i know when ...
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Can you add a “cause” to an intransitive verb with に

I was wondering if when you have the transitive statement 誰が窓を[開]{あ}けた? You can make an intransitive version like 窓は誰に[開]{あ}いた? I can't find any sources that tell if you can add the "actual&...
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120 views

Why is では used here? What does it do to the meaning of this sentence?

I came across a sentence that has puzzled me. 今度ばかりはいたずらでは済まされません。 Why is では used here?
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Particle Use When Using Form V-ている/ある at a Location: で or に?

So imagine I get asked this question, perhaps when calling someone: 図書館...何をしている。 Perhaps I am reading a book, so: [僕は]としょかん...本を読んでいる。 Here is the problem. For "...", I am conflicted on whether to ...
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63 views

Ne & yone purposes

それは最近話題の本ですね. その 会社は 欧米に 進出しているよね。 How would each of these sentences fit in a conversation? Ne & yone are very nuanced so surrounding context would help me understand their purposes, thank you.
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Why is を used instead of が in the following sentence?

While translating Kanzaki Iori's song '命に嫌われている', I've found strange the following sentence: ...誰かを嫌うこともファッションで... Isn't が used in sentences like "I like/hate sth"? Please explain why here ...
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となる vs になる - Grammar [duplicate]

There is a whole video describing the grammar but its in Japanese . How would you explain the difference between: 彼がリーダーとなった And 彼がリーダーになった
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What are the guidelines of omitting particles?

I've recently discovered that certain particles could be omitted from a Japanese sentence (to help make it shorter), and still preserve the original meaning. Unfortunately, most resources about this ...
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When would you use the volitional form with なんて?

Why is the volitional form being used here? 荒地{あれち}の魔女{まじょ}に張{は}りあおうなんて いい度胸{どきょう}ね (Source: Howl's Moving Castle) Is it that なんて is functioning as a kind of quotation particle here as well as its ...
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Function of なワケ of 一体何の用なワケ?

すると、士道が話を切り出すより早く、焦れたように三人が声を発してきた。 「……で、一体何の用なワケ?こんな手紙で呼び出すなんて」 Context: In the name of 士道, a letter was sent to 亜衣, one of 士道’s classmates, telling her (亜衣) to go alone to meet 士道 in a cafe. But it ...
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85 views

に followed by nouns, what is its usage?

Most of the usages of に I've seen have it directly followed by a verb directly attached to it. (The location of existance にある/にいる, The action objective e.g 私は電車に乗りました, etc) I know there are some that ...
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150 views

Can に be translated to “be”?

I've been trying to learn Japanese for a little over a month now which let me finally read this little tag line on a My Hero Academia poster I have 「最高のヒーローに」 Once I looked up the meaning of each ...
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93 views

Why is 毎日 placed before 家 here?

"妻は毎日家でお茶を飲みます。" It seems so weird. I was told by a Native that in Japanese, they tend to put words for time at the start of the sentence, so putting it before 妻 makes sense to me. I'm using ...
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170 views

What does 「で」mean in 「試合で 失敗しました」? Why not use 「に」?

I just did the listening Mondai 2 for Lesson 33 of Minna No Nihongo 2 (the older ver.). And in question 5, it says「山田君は 今の試合で 失敗しましたが、次の試合で 頑張ります。」 I've learned that you use 「に」before 「失敗する」, and I ...
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61 views

Interrogative/Counters with か、も、でも, but also with particles

I know that by attaching か、も、でも to the end of an interrogative word can form a new meaning, but if particles are also used, where should the position of each thing be? Example: Which day? いつの日? Some ...
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Why is では (dewa) necessary in the following sentence? And what does it mean?

This is the sentence: 私は韓国人ではありません。 Watashi wa kangokujin de wa arimasen. I'm not Korean. I was expecting something like: 私は韓国人ありません。 Watashi wa kangokujin arimasen. Why is the ...
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Evolution of が (ga) particle: How did use as conjunctive arise from use as a subject marker

As mentioned in this post, が started as an attributive case particle, became a subject particle, and then turned into a conjunctive particle. and in modern Japanese it has its main uses as both a ...
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78 views

How to say 'also', but in different contexts? [duplicate]

I am trying to work out how to say 'Today is also my birthday', but I can think of three different situations and wondering what is the best way to say each of them in Japanese. [Not only is it ...
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Meaning of “であること” in “親子であることのむずかしさについて (…)”

There is a book called 街場の親子論 by 内田樹, and I'm trying to read its preface on the author's blog. There is the following sentence: ここでは「まえがき」として、もう少し一般的なこと、親子であることのむずかしさについて思うところを書いてみたいと思います。 I ...
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129 views

What does と mean when it is at the beginning of a sentence?

I believe it is acting maybe as a conjunction of すると But I'm not 100% sure。Here is the paragraph for full context. さすがに少女の落胆にも物申したいところだが、自分の不甲斐なさが身にしみていてついつい言葉が出てこない。 と,それまで彼女の肩の上で沈黙を守っていた小猫が尻尾を振りながら ...
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131 views

I want to be able to speak more casual Japanese. I just wanted to know if it was possible to drop です out of a sentence. example: これは犬

Could I drop です out of a sentence? I want to be able to speak more casual Japanese. I just wanted to know if it was possible to drop です out of a sentence. example: これは犬
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134 views

Confused over which is more grammatically correct here: ~たことをごめんなさい or ~たことはごめんなさい

この世に生まれたことを本当にごめんなさい! この世に生まれたことは本当にごめんなさい!
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116 views

Fuction of 私に when someone else wants someone to do something

私の妻はこの古いよい帽子を私にすててほしいと思っている。 I understand this sentence, but when I dissect it, I realize I'm not sure why に is being used. Does anyone care to explain?
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74 views

Function of で in these lyrics

I've been trying to self-translate the lyrics for Secret Base, and this line somehow confuses me. 突然の 転校で どうしようもなく What exactly is the use of the で here? And what is its translation?
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Word Order で And に before topic

I am Slightly confused about the word order for に And で Are both of these examples correct and the only difference the emphasis? 私は夏に公園で先生に会います: I am meeting my teacher at the park in the summer ...
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59 views

How to use いざ…や and what it exactly means

I have problems understanding how いざ...や works in the following sentence. たとえ部長からの文書だろうが、そんなもの(経費報告書)は認められるわけがない、と新田は思った。ところが、いざ抗議文が届くや、上司は主張を全面的に認め、そのケンカは新田の完全敗北で終わったのであった。 I'm quite sure that it ...
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74 views

は and を with Passive verb

Why does を show the nuance of the speaker being prejudiced in this ? Example: With は 窓は田中さんに開けられた The window was opened by Tanaka With を 田中さんに窓を開けられた Tanaka opened the window [and now I am ...
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145 views

Is there a particle dropped in the sentence お届け物いたします?

In the sign in the movie "Kiki's Delivery Service" it says お届け物いたします. In this case is the particle を or が dropped due to informal spoken language? Is the tacit が the person offering the ...
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77 views

Why is に used with causativeて+もらう but not causativeて +くれる?

Example: 両親が一人で日本に行かせてくれた My parents let me go to Japan alone And 両親に一人で日本に行かせてもらった My parents let me go [after me asking] to Japan alone
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46 views

What is the difference between the conditionals なら & ば?

Examples: なら: みんなが行くなら私も行く ば: 楽しくなければ、私も行かない What is the difference between the two? なら says it's used to represent what will happen in a given context. ば says there is no condition. I understand と (...
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1answer
61 views

How does the なら particle work in the sentence [地獄なら知っている]?

A recent episode of Re: Zero is titled 地獄なら知っている, when I watched the preview I could not understand exactly what it meant but when I finally saw the translation, they translated it as "I know ...
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1answer
55 views

には agent or object of the potential form?

This sentence is translated as: "In the end I could never beat him, not even once" by JTest4You 結局彼には、一度も勝てなかった So the agent in I which is assumed here. But I was under the impression that ...
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110 views

I need help with parsing out this one, really long sentence from a book

I'm not sure if I would consider myself advanced or n2 level just yet, but I bought a Japanese book recently (an autobiography) to get more input. I'm slowly translating words on Jisho, reading about ...
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73 views

Specifying what's different between two things, 違い

I wanted to write a sentence that means: Okinawa and Hokkaido are different, their climate and the time cherry blossoms bloom differ. I was wondering if this would be the appropriate way to write ...

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