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Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

7
votes
2answers
468 views

Particles after time expressions like “三週間”

I am a beginner in Japanese so I was trying to write some simple sentences to practice my vocabulary and grammar. I wanted to write the sentence: My friend is in Japan for three weeks. as: ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What is 何で (nande) in the sentence 何できた

In the sentence 何できた (nandekita), the de is a particle and connects nande to the verb kita, but in the case of nande, there isn't a particle, so what is it in the sentence? I'm just confused about ...
5
votes
1answer
284 views

Is writing the “wa particle” as は a modern convention?

Recently, I was given a copy of Complete Course of Japanese Conversation-Grammar by Oreste and Enko Elisa Vaccari. As it dates back to 1967, I was expecting at least a few things to be a bit old-...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Difference between か, の and のか

To ask, for example, "Have you already finished doing homework?", is there any difference in using か, の and のか? もう宿題を終えたか? もう宿題を終えたの? もう宿題を終えたのか? I'm a little bit confused about how many ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Help translating this paragraph: doubts about 「への」and「と共に」forms, and structure of a sentence beggining with 「これ」?

The paragraph is from the introduction to the wikipedia article on David Ben-Gurion: ポーランドのプロニスクで生まれ、パレスチナ移住後はユダヤ系住民のイギリス軍への参加を呼びかけると共に、ナチスの弾圧によって多くのユダヤ系難民がパレスチナへ押し寄せる様になると、...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Particle usage of は and が in this sentence

I had some particle trouble translating these lines: 四月の魚は風が吹いて 長い髪が揺れている The first two lines seem to go together in one sentence, but then there would be too many particles. I have it as "The ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Usage of the Particle で alone and with は

I understand what the particle で does as far as describing how or where an action took place. But I notice that I run into で many other times where it seems to have a different function. Could ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

How to express future times?

I'm a little confused on how exactly I would say "I'm going to Japan in 2 months." I don't want to make it seem like I'm saying "I'm going to Japan for 2 months" What would be the difference between ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

What does “なのか” mean in 彼女 が 誰 なのか わかりますか?

彼女 が 誰 なのか わかりますか。is a question which has 2 "ka" question markers? or is it 2 questions? (Could it be translated as who is she? you know? ) And what does the "なの" means here? I think I've heard other ...
0
votes
0answers
163 views

が particles and their usages

A follow-up to Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip? I'm currently aware of the following が particles / usages: 1) Subject marker (exhaustive listing). I think it can appear at the end if ...
0
votes
0answers
106 views

How many of Japanese text can be written using only kanji?

With many frequent words normally written in kana having their rare kanji (looking at ‘ya, 一寸待{ちょっとま}って!), one starts to wonder of an exercise: is it even possible to rewrite any complete text using ...
0
votes
0answers
113 views

When to use ~えば、~たら、場合 specifically

I understand most Japanese grammar, but there is one thing that eludes me. I don't understand when to use ~えば, ~たら, or 場合 specifically, to express conditional (if then) statements. Would someone ...
0
votes
0answers
162 views

Did I use NI/DE/WO correctly in these examples?

Previous question got deleted because I apparently worded it wrong so here's another attempt. Just started with verbs and particles that come with them and it took me a while to get the structure, ...