Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

3
votes
2answers
112 views

Why can't I shorten 僕の好きな本は to 僕のは?

好きな本を教えてください。僕のは春の雪です。 got corrected to 好きな本を教えてください。僕の好きなのは春の雪です。 Why is it not possible to replace all of 好きな本 by の、given that the context makes the intended meaning obvious?
6
votes
1answer
130 views

Why is 文学**の**好きな人 ungrammatical?

When saying 文学の好きな人はいますか? I was corrected to 文学が好きな人はいますか? Why aren't both possibilities correct? I thought that ga can always be replaced by no in phrases that are used attributively.
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Question ending with “no?” — can I use “n da?” instead, among friends?

I know what "no da" and "n da" are for. When I hear the question something like "nani wo shite iru no?" from a friend, I wonder: can the question "nani wo shite iru n da?" be used instead? Do they ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Does 「天使が好きを見るで人間は。」 mean “Angels like to look at humans”

So I just randomly thought of something to write and this popped up. My thought process behind it is that 「天使」 means angel and angels are the ones performing the liking so I put 「が好き」 to get "Angels ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

How does 分 and として work in this sentence?

女性との行為に価値を認めていない分、ハードルも低いという事なのだろうが、エアリエルとしては堪らない。 Does it works as "Due to" or "Because of"? I have been encountering this kanji used in the same manner and I tried searching about it but it doesn't ...
0
votes
2answers
229 views

Nuance of "わね”: whose interest does「興味深いわね」refer to?

I have a question about the nuance of わね in the below song lyric (from 衛星カフェテラス): あのさ、もし意識思考そのものが自律して   この体を逃れたなら (意識は自律して? 興味深いわね) I was thinking that this was implying that the matter being '...
4
votes
3answers
248 views

How do say “They use X to mean Y.” in Japanese

For example, let's say I want to say: The French use "sushi" to mean "nigirizushi". Is the following Japanese translation correct? フランス人は「握り寿司」という意味で「スシ」を使用します。 Thanks in advance!
0
votes
2answers
204 views

Passive or active object?

The sentence inu ga suki is translated as I like dogs. But why don't we translate it as Dogs like ... (something/someone)? For example, for a question Who likes meat? we can answer inu ga suki.
2
votes
2answers
240 views

What is the difference between these sentences used が and は

I'm trying to translate an English sentence into Japanese , but i got some problems and confuse which should i use between が or は . So please tell me which is the correct one . ジョンさんは休日にいつも東京にいる。 ...
2
votes
2answers
219 views

What is the difference between 前と and 前に? [closed]

I've seen both used to mean "X ago", e.g. "六日前と" and "3ヶ月前に".
4
votes
1answer
243 views

is there any reason why “waratteru ka naiteru noka” uses first the ka particle for the first part and no ka for the second?

Dragon Ball Super ending 9 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5lRjWkjHKDg in a part of the song says "waratteru ka naiteru noka" which is translated as were you laughing or were you crying? Is ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Omitting “da” in casual speech

How acceptable is it to omit "da" in casual speech in phrases such as -- chokoreto ga suki (da) yo -- boku wa daigakusei (da) And so on..... Do it also depend if it's a male or female talking?
4
votes
2answers
200 views

Usage of も in a Specific Context

Heard this in an anime recently, and I was unsure why the particle was used. Context: a guy has invited his girlfriend over to study, and the girlfriend finds a dirty magazine. The following exchange ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Is には a contraction of のには or ためには and how did it come to be like this ?

,Hello, this is a question I've been wondering for ages but I can't find anything that answers clearly. So firstly I have read in "a dictionary of japanese grammar" the のに/のには part on which it is ...
5
votes
2answers
108 views

にも after the 連体形 of a verb and sentence

I started reading 三人法師 by Tanizaki Junichiro and I came accross this sentence : 高野の山へ集って来たからにはどうせ世を厭う人々ではありながら、同じ厭離の願いを遂げるにも座禅入定の法もあれば念佛三昧の道もある。 I interpret this sentence as : While they are ...
0
votes
1answer
157 views

what is the meaning of the particles in the sentence: 言ったじゃねえかよ。

I especially don't understand the grouping of them. I know what the sentence means, but all of those words after 言った are a bit confusing to me. thank you!
3
votes
2answers
149 views

Why is と used in this sentence? [duplicate]

This sentence translation is given as: He has been asked to sit on the committee. I can see the meaning, except with the と after ように. Can anyone explain why と is used in here? ...
4
votes
2answers
155 views

Particle usage of に in 南北に長い?

I was reading page 5 of my 上級へのとびら textbook, and in line 12, the following sentence caught my eye: 日本は南北に長いので…… I cannot figure out why the に is used instead of が (南北が長い). Is に the 連用形 of なる here?
3
votes
2answers
121 views

Confused by “~奴らをあの連中~” in this sentence

I was reading a passage from a novel and this exchange between two characters came up; Character A「もうほっといてもいいのに、レミーって時々ゆーじよーとか大事にするよねぇ?それとさ、部隊の残党を助けてるのって、半分は手駒にする為じゃなくって、あの療養所の人達への恩返しだったりしちゃうー?」 ...
9
votes
1answer
722 views

Is the ね here a negative particle?

The following sentence was spoken by a poor black man (American) who has experienced racism his entire life and is fed up to the teeth about it. この国じゃ、肌が黒いってだけで、自由に呼吸することも、歩き回ることもできねぇ Parsing the ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

When to and not to use the particle の to link to nouns? [duplicate]

I know that the particle の can be used for linking several nouns together or to indicate possession. However I have seen several cases where the の is droped. Like for example 未来日記. My question is when ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Confused about って in this sentence

A man and a woman who had undergone hardship together as children before being forced to part meet again and remember their last words to each other. The woman says: 生きてて良かったって、心の底から思える瞬間って、...
3
votes
2answers
375 views

What's the purpose of “し” after “買い物” in this sentence?

昨夜スーパーへ買い物しに行きました。 I understand the purpose of the "ni" particle, but why does it need the "shi"? Did I miss something? Thanks.
5
votes
1answer
239 views

“…there is a very peculiar phenomenon of particle duplications in Japanese” (Kuno 1973)

Apparently, in "The Structure of the Japanese Language" chapter 8 page 119, Kuno asserts that the following is grammatical: John wa Tokyo ni ni wa itta ga, Osaka ni ni wa ikanakatta I have a few ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

どうしてこの「が」は動詞に付いていますか。 [duplicate]

「手さぐり」という章を読んでいる最中、ややこしい助詞の用法にあいました。 (前略)  目の見えない人は手さぐりで歩む。一歩一歩が慎重である。謙虚である。そして一足歩むために全神経を集中する。これほど真剣な歩み方は、目の見える人にはちょっとあるまい。  人生で思わぬケガをしたくなければ、そして世の中でつまずきたくなければ、この歩み方を見習うがいい。 (後略) 「...
0
votes
1answer
176 views

When do you use の to join nouns and colours/adjectives?

When do you use の to join nouns and colours? I know that green pencil is 緑{みどり}の鉛筆 【えんぴつ】but I'm not sure if it's the same for other colours or adjectives.
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Why も in 私も暇な時、犬といっしょに・・・

Can somebody explain も here to me please? And why it is not の? 私も暇な時、犬といっしょに近所を散歩します I know it is used to mean with or also (私もです - me too), but the above to me would be 私の暇な時 showing possession. Or ...
1
vote
2answers
250 views

When to use te form vs. で

So 「バスに乗って、会社に行きます。」means "I go to work by bus." Yet, 「バスで会社に行きます。」also means "I go to work by bus." Do these two sentences convey the exact same meaning, or is there some kind of nuance that exists ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

The purpose of で in this context?

I've stumbled across this line in a short novel and all of a sudden, everything I've learnt so far as a student in the language has gone out the window by something as simple as the "で" particle. 「...
2
votes
1answer
404 views

What is really the use of the particle “no”? [duplicate]

So I learned that no/の is used as a possesive noun. For example, Kimi no/君の = "Your" in English. I also learned that it can be used to connect nouns together. So, say kookoo no sensei/高校の先生, means "...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

What is this を doing here?

For full context, see the document: https://www.docdroid.net/qteAJpo/img-20170628-0002-new.pdf.html The sentence in question: 成功した自分と雑誌の記者を一人でやるのです。 I understand it as follows: "I do on my own my ...
0
votes
1answer
363 views

Why ga and not o in “Mari wa neru koto ga suki desu”? [duplicate]

When I saw this sentence alone Mari wa neru koto ga suki desu I first thought neru koto is the direct object of the answer and should have an "o" particle, and not a "ga". Later I thought I might dont ...
0
votes
2answers
130 views

What does this ため say here?

かたい帯を上手に結ぶことができない若い女性が多いため、柔らかい帯を去年より30%増やしたと言っています。 From http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10010984931000/k10010984931000.html I would translate it as follows (without ため): They say that there ...
5
votes
1answer
510 views

What is the difference between ~気もする and ~気がする? [duplicate]

I encountered the following line in a visual novel. Context: Somebody says that a person is very expressive (in countenance) by using the word 表情豊か. Then, somebody else says the following. ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Can you use は to mark the object with negative verbs? [duplicate]

I've been studying Japanese for about two years, and recently started working though Japanese Duolingo. I'm confused by their particle usage for verbs: 魚を食べます versus 魚は食べません I.e using を for ...
2
votes
2answers
441 views

Why is the particle を used in this sentence? [duplicate]

I found this example in a japanese textbook: 外を歩いている人はみんな傘をさしています: Everyone is using umbrellas outside. Why is を in that sentence?, and because it is a japanese textbook I doubt that it is ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Translating きり in a sentence [duplicate]

子供が店に入ったきり姿を消した。 What does きり mean in this context? How would you translate this sentence?
4
votes
2answers
583 views

Is “は” really a “topic marker”?

I hope this doesn't count as one of the は/が difference duplicates (that isn't what I'm asking), but I'm slightly confused about how to think of the は particle. I've heard it called the "topic marker", ...
19
votes
3answers
4k views

I think that she thinks that I think she is dumb

Just trying have some fun with Japanese grammar, but the sentence in the title has me stumped. I just don't understand Japanese particles enough to even know where to begin. Here is my best attempt at ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

What do は and と stand for here?

家で一人で勉強するよりはと通信制の高校をすすめた。 Does は like summarize the first sentence and と means "from"? Is there a different way to construct that part?
0
votes
1answer
49 views

I'm doing well. But some particles seem not to fit. What's the role of “こと” in this sentence? [duplicate]

そっか。みなさん、どなたか木村さんのことしりませんか。 Thankyou.
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Triple Particles

Double particles certainly occur in Japanese, but do triple particles ever occur? And if so, what is their pitch pattern?
2
votes
3answers
119 views

translation: とか and 結構

何年か前の話ですが、 ディズニーランドで子供がトイレに入って、出てくるのを外で待ってると、 トイレ内で髪を染められ、服も着替えさせられて子供が誘拐された、ディズニーランドでは 出入り口を全て封鎖して、犯人が見つかったとか、 そのまま子供がいなくなっちゃったとか 結構聞きましたが、 その話本当ですか? Hello, again, I'm translating ...
1
vote
1answer
720 views

Japanese equivalent to 'and/also' for part-sentences?

I know of using と for noun & noun phrases, て-form to connect sentences Perhaps when speaking English you might suddenly remember something and go 'Oh! And (whatever you remembered). Another ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What is 何で (nande) in the sentence 何できた

In the sentence 何できた (nandekita), the de is a particle and connects nande to the verb kita, but in the case of nande, there isn't a particle, so what is it in the sentence? I'm just confused about ...
2
votes
1answer
238 views

Translating a sentence cointaining ても, と, とこ and 上 (colloquial japanese)

TDLって実は誘拐が多くて見つからないって本当ですか?なんでも迷子の呼び出しは規則上できないそうですね。迷子の子があつめられるとこはあっても。そういう理由で誘拐しやすいとうわさになってるんですが。本当ですか。 This text is a post I found on a website. While translating it I had troubles with many ...
0
votes
2answers
153 views

It it correct / normal to use か after だ?

I've heard 'ですか' all too often in textbook Japanese. I've personally never heard だ and か used together - only 'の' or a rising intonation. Eg: なまえはなんですか? vs なまえはなんだか? Is it normal/natural in ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

could someone clarify this text about the へparticle

In Particles used with verbs, Japanese grammar guide by Tae Kim: Note that we cannot use the 「へ」 particle with verbs that have no physical direction. For example, the following is incorrect. • ...
5
votes
1answer
983 views

What particle is にでも and what does it mean? [duplicate]

What monster particle is this? This is from my textbook: そんなに働いてばかりいないで、たまには旅行にでも行ったほうがいいです。 I wrote it in bold. I would analyse it as に で も. But I can't make sense of it. EDIT: I also don't ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Do particles like を、で、に、and へ、form noun-phrases?

Can particles like を、で、に、and へ be used like nouns? Can you do something like: [ 学校 + に ] + の + 学生 + です。= 学校にの学生です。 [ School + at ] + *'s + student + is. = To-be at-school's student. Is this kind ...