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Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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117 views

When to use ~えば、~たら、場合 specifically

I understand most Japanese grammar, but there is one thing that eludes me. I don't understand when to use ~えば, ~たら, or 場合 specifically, to express conditional (if then) statements. Would someone ...
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2answers
76 views

How to properly use particles in translating the following sentence? [closed]

I'm still trying to figure out how to use two verbs together in Japanese. Like pairing the words "going" and "learn". Please excuse me for my beginner question, as this is my first time posting. I can ...
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1answer
98 views

Using 'Wa' and 'O' particles

Im using this thread for a while as a base for choosing 'o' or 'Ga' particles, and most of the time I hit correctly if there is a need for 'Ga' or 'Wa' particle. However, I couldn't understand what ...
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1answer
176 views

Why is では (dewa) necessary in the following sentence? And what does it mean?

This is the sentence: 私は韓国人ではありません。 Watashi wa kangokujin de wa arimasen. I'm not Korean. I was expecting something like: 私は韓国人ありません。 Watashi wa kangokujin arimasen. Why is the ...
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1answer
91 views

The significance of の in this sentence

I've come across the title of this book: 文句の付けようがないラブコメ And while i do understand the meaning, I don't quite get the usage of の there. Or, in other words why it is used over を. Any help would be ...
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52 views

is に + は a common construction? [duplicate]

I have a question regarding the phrase はるには -- I get that に is a temporal particle and は is the theme marker. However, I never saw them together. Is this a standard thing to do? Would the literal ...
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1answer
86 views

もう一度やってみるように+と what's the purpose of it?

もう一度やってみるようにと彼を励ましなさい。 I'm confused by the usage of と here. もう一度やってみるように彼を励ましなさい。would be translated as "in order to make him try one more time, please encourage him" but with と I'm not sure how it'...
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1answer
117 views

Help with the grammar of this sentence

I don't understand the grammar in this sentence. The context is someone recalling memories of overseas study exchange program and graduation. アメリカでgraduationがあったのが2月の14日。 もう7ヶ月。それからを休暇と捉えるのか、いや、...
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1answer
157 views

嘘をついているのではないかと疑った。

私は彼が嘘をついているのではないかと疑った。 The amount of particles used here confused the shit out of me and I couldn't understand anything so I need help understanding what each particle does here. Why not just say ...
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1answer
79 views

規則に違反してはいけない。に or を?

I'm confused if I should use に or を in this sentence. (Also if は/が could fit here).
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1answer
80 views

How is のに used here? [duplicate]

https://youtu.be/tdiMAnRekgs?t=4m37s 開けるのに時間を要します. Translated in a Japanese teaching video as "It takes some time to open". From what I understand, it has meanings of despite/although and the like. ...
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520 views

Use of Nagara if two people are involved

Can you still use nagara if two people are doing the actions? For example I was reading while he was making dinner.
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2answers
142 views

Sushi wa sukidesuka vs sushi ga sukidesuka?

According to Google, I should use ga: (Anata wa) sushi ga sukidesuka? Why ga and not wa?
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1answer
104 views

When can you use the particle さ? [duplicate]

I've seen and heard so much the particle さ but I don't get the hang of it. Does it mean anything or make some kind of emphasis? Can you use it anywhere in the sentence? Because I've seen it in any ...
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1answer
135 views

Difference between か, の and のか

To ask, for example, "Have you already finished doing homework?", is there any difference in using か, の and のか? もう宿題を終えたか? もう宿題を終えたの? もう宿題を終えたのか? I'm a little bit confused about how many ...
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174 views

Usage of で particle in this sentence: この問題用紙は全部で8ページあります

Usage of particle で and に have been causing me quite some difficulties from the beginning (I keep on using で instead of に and vice versa). From what I've learned so far, particle で indicates either ...
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1answer
160 views

Is 今日本に何時ですか correct?

What I'm trying to say is "what time is it in Japan right now?". My main problem is if I placed 今 correctly and if I should use に or は?
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1answer
106 views

Usage of な in this sentence

What is the meaning of な in the following sentence? この動画に映り込んでる背景は僕の家な気がする。 Is it an abbreviation of なんて or なんか? Or is it simply a filler as explained in this answer?
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1answer
80 views

Is に required after 後?

"I moved two years ago" would be 二年前に引っ越した I think, but if I want to say after x time, would I use に?E.g. 四日後に, or is it not required?
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1answer
160 views

ここに書いた or ここで書いた?

Which particle do I use to say that something is written somewhere? I googled both versions and they have a similar number of hits. Can I use both? Is there a difference between the two?
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What is this combination of 'to' and 'no' particles mean? [duplicate]

I have reading a lesson in japanese regarding keigo. where I saw this line . 先ほど 、山田様 と いう かた が お見えになりました。 一階 の ロビー で お待ちして いる と の 事 で ございます。 I am not able to understand " iru to no " part of the ...
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2answers
285 views

Why is the が particle used in this sentence?

In this sentence: 彼女はお姉さんが着るのと同じ種類の服を着る。 She wears the same variety of clothes as her sister wears. Why is the が particle used to mark the sister as the subject, when the one doing the action ...
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196 views

に->には / で->では etc

My question is kinda simple (I hope). When somebody asks you, for example: 学生りょうにTVがありますか。 Can you answer: 台所にはありますが、部屋にはありません。 Or do you use: 台所にありますが、部屋にはありません。 Can you also explain ...
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1answer
153 views

Need help with particles to understand sentences

first english is not my mothertongue, so if i make mistakes, correction are welcome. i'm reading an adult light novel and have some problem translating and understanding precisely two sentences. First ...
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1answer
653 views

About は particle and the 'contrast' it implies

I started learning Japanese about 2 months ago and today, while talking with a friend of mine who has been studying Japanese for about two years, he gave me this example scenario about は particle and ...
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1answer
277 views

Confusion with に、を、と particles used with verbs like 感じる

Consider this sentence: 私は試験のために勉強しなかったことが残念に感じる。I feel regret that I didn't study for the exam. 1.Why is the に particle used instead of と? I have read the answer to this post which considers how ...
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1answer
628 views

How do I combine “I speak Japanese” with “I like to …”?

So to say you like something, you you could say: 僕は[blank]がすきです。 and to say something like "I speak Japanese", you could say: 僕は日本語が話します。 So say I wanted to say I like to speak Japanese, how could ...
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1answer
97 views

can someone explain the use of で particle in this sentence: こんなに単純で当たり前なこと

i'm getting confused with the で particle in this sentence. This line belongs to Keno. The complete line is: こんなに単純で当たり前なことが 本当は、一番見失いがちだからね.
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148 views

The difference between に and で when focusing on location vs. action

Consider these sentences (scenario 1): (私は)公園に花を植える。(I) plant flowers IN the park. (focus on the park) vs (私は)公園で花を植える。(I) PLANT flowers in the park. (focus on planting) First of all, I would ...
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2answers
157 views

can someone explain the use で in this sentence: 今日も元気で過ごせたらイイよね

Im having trouble getting the correct translation of the sentence because of the で particle, i dont know if its being use as a particle or is the imperative form of 元気
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1answer
96 views

を after particle (であるかを)

This is probably an easy question, but I can't find a clear satisfying answer to it after looking it up so I figured I'd ask here. 自分がどんな人であるかを知ってもらいたい 1) Why can を act on a particle? I understand ...
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1answer
182 views

Did つ (助数詞) actually mean の?

There are quite a few examples were tsu actually means no. まつ毛・睫毛・睫 matsuge actually comes from 目の毛 me no ke (ma is another pronunciation for 目 me) 沖つ宮 okitsumiya(aslo written 沖津宮, but, as Meikyou ...
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2answers
184 views

The meaning of “もの” in this sentence [duplicate]

その地域では今も戦争で日に何人もの人が死んでいる。 I encountered the above sentence. But, if it were me, I would write something like this: その地域では今も 戦争で(日々or日)に何人も死んでいる。 Is there any difference between the two in terms ...
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1answer
115 views

Can sentence-ending particles be used at the end of an independent clause?

With the sentence: 「僕は今度遠い所へ行くからね、その前一寸お前に遭いに来たよ。」 "I am leaving now to go to a far away place, so before that I came to meet you for a short time." Assuming I read that right, then it seems like ...
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1answer
72 views

Help understanding trailing “ものを” in song lyrics

The following is a stanza from an enka song: あれから幾つの 流れ星 かぞえた女の 一途な願い 面影胸に 待ちわびて 積丹かもめに なれるなら カムイの岬 どこまでも あなたを探して 飛ぶものを I get what the lyrics are saying, I'm just wondering what the ...
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1answer
284 views

Is writing the “wa particle” as は a modern convention?

Recently, I was given a copy of Complete Course of Japanese Conversation-Grammar by Oreste and Enko Elisa Vaccari. As it dates back to 1967, I was expecting at least a few things to be a bit old-...
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2answers
124 views

What is the inheritance order of も and は topics?

Can a topic that is identified via the も particle be included in a は topic that comes AFTER it? e.g. Two sequential sentences from a book I'm reading: 1st Sentence: ほかの鳥は、もう、よだかの顔を見ただけでも、...
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1answer
124 views

reason for the ね in いいですね。

To my understanding, ”いいですね” means something along the lines of "that's good" or "that's fine." However, the ending particle ”ね” is used to prompt a response from the listener. As I've seen it used in ...
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2answers
131 views

Could someone please explain the correct translation of this sentence?

While reading a JP children's book, I found this sentence: 顔は、ところどころ、味噌をつけたようにまだらで、くちばしは、平たくて、耳までさけています。 which I roughly understand as: [As for its] face, here and there, [it has ] spots/speckles ...
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3answers
127 views

~にけがをする versus ~をけがする

私は左手にけがをした。 私は左手をけがした。 Are both correct?
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1answer
65 views

流すのもなんなので - Translation help

I'm currently reading through the 灰と幻想のグリムガル light novel at the moment and have become stuck on this page containing the below sentence. I've provided an image for context as I think you'll need it. ...
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1answer
85 views

What particle (の;を) should I use between noun/verb and ~方 (買い方;歩い方 etc.)?

I'm not sure of particles in these 3 sentences, especially this particle-の between noun/verb and ~方, are they OK? (If you see any other grammar mistake, you may let me know too.) 1)着物を着ての歩い方は何ですか。 ...
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1answer
91 views

Do we really have to change particles (usually が into は) in negative and interrogative sentences?

Which alternatives sounds more natural? 1.1 - その本は読めない。 1.2 - その本が読めない。 2.1 - ゴルフは上手じゃない。 2.2 - ゴルフが上手じゃない 3.1 - この映画は見たくない。 3.2 - この映画が見たくない。 3.3 - この映画を見たくない。 4.1 - 日本語は分からない。 4.2 - 日本語が分からない。 ...
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2answers
188 views

Usage of に to indicate purpose

I'm trying to understand the use of に as a particle to indicate the purpose of someone moving to another place to do something. For example, lets say that I want to say "I'm going home to eat dinner." ...
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1answer
116 views

V + n-janai vs -ne vs -n-desu-ne

What's the difference between these 3 forms of a verb: 1) 勝てるんじゃない 2) 勝てるね 3) 勝てるんですね ?
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1answer
186 views

Usage of しな particle [duplicate]

As I've treated it, the しな at the end of the sentence is just し("not only, but also")+な(=ね). But Jisho.org says it could also mean "having just started...". Is this true? Is there an example of this ...
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1answer
200 views

Meaning of からと?

The following is a sentence in 新完全マスターN2. 高い服をもったいないからと着ないでいるのは、それこそもったいないというものだ。 I don't understand what is happening with からと, or how the meaning would be any different if the と were removed ...
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3answers
387 views

When is the particle “に” redundant in the phrase “ために”

Compare the following two sentences, "ため" is used to express 原因 in both sentences: 寒さのために死んだ。 日本は島国のため、陸上には国境がない。 I wonder if I can choose to add the particle "に" as I want, but one of my ...
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3answers
610 views

How to know if ~たら is hypothetical or temporal

I encountered the following sentence in the chapter introducing conditionals from the online grammar guide Imabi. 休んだら、元気になったWhen I rested, I got better. Earlier, the article explained that たら can ...
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1answer
108 views

Help me with this Translation

I'm a beginner in Japanese so I'm trying to read and translate a light novel to improve my vocabulary so I came across this sentence: 他{ほか}の生徒{せいと}たちが部活{ぶかつ}に帰宅{きたく}にと平和{へいわ}な放課後{ほうかご}を過{す}ごす中{なか}、...