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Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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で used with non-action verbs like あります

On another forum I encountered the sentence 私の国では色々な店にあります。I understood it as “In my country [it] is in various stores.” But I am wondering about the use of the particle で. In common grammatical ...
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What Is The Difference Between 「好きじゃないです」and 「好きではないんです。」?

I understand that they both mean I do not like, but I'm not sure what exactly 「好きではない」means. Moreover, does the particle 'では'make a difference, or could you have just used 'は'? Thank you
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が in the expression “耳が聞こえない”

I tried to translate this phrase literally and came up with "(My) ears can't hear". Since the expression means "(I'm) deaf", this makes sense. However, I can't really get it to work grammatically, ...
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715 views

The difference between 時 and 時は

I know that it's correct to use は after 時, and it's also correct to omit it. For example: 子供の 時、よく海で泳ぎました。 子供の 時は、よく海で泳ぎました。 How does the meaning of the sentence change when the particle is ...
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The particle は before 押す [duplicate]

スイッチは押しましたか。 Can を be used in place of は here? (Have you pressed the switch? / Did you press the switch?) 押す is a transitive verb, so the use of は is confusing. Thank you for your help!
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Will expression retain the same definition if particle is changed?

自分を奮い立たせるために、わざと自分の考えを声に出し行動を始めた。 I came across the expression 声を出す on jisho.org. I don't know if replacing the expression's を with に (because を is already used earlier in the sentence) will allow me ...
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“~たい”-form and associated particle usage

My question is about the "~たい"-form ("want to"). I know that in a sentence containing this form, you can use は to mark the person who desires something. For example, "私は、東京に行きたい". But then I came ...
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1answer
65 views

Dictionary form + と for a single occasion

自由が丘の駅で、大井町線から降りると、ママはトットちゃんの手を引っ張って、改札口を出ようとした。 As far as I know, a dictionary verb form + と is used to mean "when/if", "whenever" (e.g. 秋になると、木が赤くなります (it's always like that)). But the sentence ...
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What is the meaning of ご in どうかご in the following sentence? [closed]

If it helps at all with the context, I'm going to put down the sentence that comes before the dialogue. The silver-haired man is now listening to the other character's reply, the start of which I am ...
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1answer
102 views

How to specify a day and a shop/office/etc. when asking for business hours? [closed]

I'm very sorry this is a very basic Question, I just started learning japanese as my third language (german being my native one and english my second) and Right now I learned a basic way of asking for ...
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In Okinawan, what is the ン in ウチナーンチュ?

The Okinawan word for "Okinawa" is ウチナー, for "person" is チュ, and for "Okinawan" (person) is ウチナーンチュ. I'd like to know where this ン comes from between the part for "Okinawa" and the part for "person". ...
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Word Order - は and が Particles

Today I learn that word order is not very strict in Japanese. You could change the order of noun phrases with no loss of meaning, as long as the correct particles are used. I've learned this with the ...
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Why is 街に歩く not grammatical?

I have read this, this and this, but I still do not understand why 「街{まち}に歩{ある}く」 is not grammatical. The person who wrote this wanted to say "I will walk to town".
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何を食べても美味しくない vs 魚を食べてもいい

歯が痛くて何を食べても美味しくない vs 魚を食べてもいい The first example seems to me as though 何ても - anything and in the middle is 食べ So basically reading as Anything Eaten is not delicious but the second example ...
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plain form + bakari vs. te form + bakari

How to translate plain form + ばかり? And what's the difference between plain form + ばかり vs. te form + ばかり? For example: 赤ちゃんが泣いてばかりいます。In my understanding this means "The baby is always crying/does ...
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Meaning of「残るは」in a sentence

Came across this sentence in a memoir and I have a grammar question about it. For context, a person is thinking about someone sleeping nearby: さっき声をかけてきたヤツは当分寝ないだろ。残るは寝ているか寝ていないかわからない隣の隣。 ...
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2answers
123 views

Difference between も and だって

Both of those particles can mean "too", "even" or "any" (when used with wh-question). Do they have any difference in meaning or connotation when used like this? E.g. 私もフランスに行きたい vs 私だってフランスに行きたい.
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Implied particles in the lyrics “桜咲いてひとひら / 秘めた想い預けて”

The lyrics are from this song (lyrics are in tab in the main info box.) I am pretty sure that 秘めた想い預けて = 秘めた想い[を]預けて in this context. But I'm not so sure how to understand the lyrics as a whole. ...
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ものだ expressing ambiguous emotions/concern?

This article lists many examples of using ものだ to articulate "deep concern." The author of this article explains that when you connect words which indicate desire like …たい and 欲しい with ものだ, your speech ...
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The usage of とは in 緊急招集とは、おだやかではないな

From what I understand, とは can be used to "define" things. So does this mean that it can be used to expand on what comes before とは/というのは and that which comes after will explain the speakers view/...
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Confusion about 大したこと(で)(は)ない

There are three variations on this phrase that I can find in Google, and I'm not sure whether all three are really used, or how frequently. But I am confused about the differences between them. ...
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The difference between 'no naka' and 'no naka ni'

I understand that 'no naka' means 'in' or 'inside', but how does the meaning change when 'ni' is placed after it? For example: Hako no naka - inside the box. Hako no naka ni - ???
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Are there various ways to use ~し?

The many ways to say “and” in Japanese thread showed me that ~し, ~し can be used give reasons for something. この部屋は綺麗だし広いし間取りもいいから人気がある。This room is clean, wide and also good partition, so most of ...
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1answer
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か after short forms

In the Genki textbook, it is said that "In the casual conversational use of short forms, question sentences do not end with the question particle か, but with rising intonation alone." Nonetheless, in ...
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1answer
112 views

「を」Vてある - Typo or actual construction?

Seen in the introduction to a book entitled 日本語文法ハンドブック, so it would greatly surprise me if it's a typo. Each section in the book is broken into parts and one is entitled "これだけは", being described ...
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“と” plus a clause — but what is it doing? [duplicate]

I have a question about a passage in an article I'm reading. For context, here's the passage: 仕事はご縁。もちろん求められていることができる能力がなければ元も子もないが、そこさえクリアしていれば、あとは相性だったりタイミングだったりする。そんなご縁が転がっているかもしれないと、...
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Particles after に [duplicate]

I've been given two examples: Niwa ni ki ga arimasu and Kono heya ni wa nani ga arimasu ka? Why is wa required in the second sentence, but not in the first one? Thank you in advance!
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Clarification of -たら context [duplicate]

I read the following sentence on the BBC Japanese site: 「そうしたら温かいものに触れて、直感的に下を見たら、小さな赤ちゃんの頭と両腕が見えた」 Until now I understood the -たら form only to mean "if", but the 見たら in this sentence indicates that ...
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Use of 当たる in this sentence

Character A and B (A's coach) discuss C (A's opponent), who is known for having an amazing defense. Then C joins in and positively talks with B about A's potential. Then C drops this line: ...
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What`s the meaning of のを and だと in this text?

** この羽織は、三輪田のお光さんのおっかさんが織ってくれたのを、紋付に染めて、お光さんが縫い上げたものだと、母の手紙に長い説明がある. ** I can grasp the overall meaning: in mom's letter there is a long explanation about the fact that omitsu's mother wove a ...
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Why we should use “を” instead of “に” when talking about a place?

I have a question regarding this sentence: かのじょといっしょにこうえんをさんぽします。 If the "を" marks a direct object of a sentance, why we use it the way it looks above. Could we use here "に" instead of "を"? ...
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71 views

What is 「や」doing in these sentences?

From a book about space: 近年になり、観測技術の向上や大きなプロジェクトとして取り組まれるようになって、惑星の存在の確認が待たれていたのです。 And from a ghost story: そんな訳で、小学生の頃は友達と学校帰りや家に帰ってから山へ入り、虫取りや秘密基地を作ったりして泥だらけになるまで遊んでいました。 The や seems like ...
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1answer
101 views

Usage of で after みんな [duplicate]

これしかないから みんなでどうにかやってきたんだろう In the sentence above, why after みんな, instead of particle は or particle が, particle で is used?
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2answers
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Verb woes; two or three questions

I'm working on a translation and there's this one line I can get through but can't get a handle on. こんなヤツに負けおって いままで何のために練習 してきたと思っておる! Problem 1 is that I can't figure out if this is one sentence ...
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How to express future times?

I'm a little confused on how exactly I would say "I'm going to Japan in 2 months." I don't want to make it seem like I'm saying "I'm going to Japan for 2 months" What would be the difference between ...
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1answer
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Can't find this handwritten kanji/kana?

I'm a beginner and this word or particle or whatever it is has left me dumbfounded. Greatly appreciate if anyone can tell me what this is supposed to be.
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Why is 何が used to mean “sorry for what?” instead of 何で?

I was watching an anime where character A apologizes to character B after trying to kiss her: A: ごめん!I’m sorry! B: 何が?言ってみて!For what? Just try to say it! My question is why was が used after ...
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What is the grammatical function of と in the sentence 同じ心を持った人は二人といない

What is the grammatical function of と in the sentence: 同じ心を持った人は二人といない。
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1answer
70 views

What does「のには」mean in this sentence?

[彼女]{かのじょ}が[最初]{さいしょ}に[来]{き}たのにはびっくりした。 What is the usage of のには? I think that「の」means「こと」, that is, a generic event. But I can't understand the usage of には in this case.
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Changing を to は in negative statements

I've got confused and have a few questions: In some situations speaker is obligated to change the particle e.g. answering yes/no questions. Question: あなたはくじにひこうきにのりますか。(A) Answer: いいえ、わたしはくじ ...
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2answers
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Particles after time expressions like “三週間”

I am a beginner in Japanese so I was trying to write some simple sentences to practice my vocabulary and grammar. I wanted to write the sentence: My friend is in Japan for three weeks. as: ...
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Help translating this paragraph: doubts about 「への」and「と共に」forms, and structure of a sentence beggining with 「これ」?

The paragraph is from the introduction to the wikipedia article on David Ben-Gurion: ポーランドのプロニスクで生まれ、パレスチナ移住後はユダヤ系住民のイギリス軍への参加を呼びかけると共に、ナチスの弾圧によって多くのユダヤ系難民がパレスチナへ押し寄せる様になると、...
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1answer
131 views

is “と” always needed for when saying ”with?"

can I say しごとがんばってね for saying have a nice day at work? do I need the particle と to make it "with work" しごととがんばってね
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Why is this sentence using が here? [duplicate]

娘が一人で服が着られるようになった。 着る is supposed to take を but it's using が here. Why?
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Reason why に is used in this sentence [duplicate]

The title for the fifth episode of My Hero Academia is 今僕に出来ることを which means "What I can do now". The problem is I don't understand why they decided to use に instead of just using が after 僕. Again, ...
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2answers
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Can particle と and で both mean with? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is particle で used instead of particle と in 家族で出かける (Kazoku de dekakeru)? For example: 今晩家族でレストランに行きます。(Konban kazoku de resutoran ni ikimasu) Tonight, I will go ...
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1answer
80 views

Particle “に” in sentences with “です” and “あります”

I do not quite understand why some sentences do not need particle に. For example: いすはテーブルの上です Instead, is it gramatically correct to say: いすはテーブルの上にです Like in this sentence: いすはテーブルの上にあります ...
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Is 感じる {かんじる} transitive or intransitive? Which particle to use?

Please consider 一段 {いちだん} verb 感じる {かんじる}. Sometimes I see particle に applied and sometimes particole を. In the Jisho.org vocabulary it is not specified if this verb is 他動詞 {たどうし} (transitive) or 自動詞 {...
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1answer
65 views

「に」used to signify addition? [duplicate]

There are several instances where I noticed people use に to mean something along the lines of "and". Here's an example: https://youtu.be/3cjyUg-XjjU?t=24 I think the narrator says, "修理人が使う道具は、牛の皮、...
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1answer
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Sentence-ending で in a formal context

I am aware that there is another question that talks about sentence-ending で. But the example in that question is in an informal setting. I have an example of a sentence-ending で in a newspaper ...