Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
3 answers
164 views

Why do you leave out the の in some cases?

An example of this is that I have seen both 来週テスト and 来週のテスト. Both of them mean "next week's test". My issue is that I have no clue when to use which or what makes them different from each ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
95 views

Why do you put 名詞 plus の before ようだ, but you put 名詞 plus な before わけだ?

I looked up the dictionary, and found "よう" and "わけ" are both grammatical nouns (形式体言). But why is the 接続 different? Moreover, I found many sentence patterns have their own rules. ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
46 views

Regarding the use of が instead of は

いけのなかにさかな_たくさんいまですか。 So my question is, would the particle affect the emphasis we want to put on either asking if there ARE Fish inside the Pond, or if we are asking how MANY Fish are there in the ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
64 views

でも良ければ, なんか良ければ, なんかで良ければ

Related to this question that I asked a while ago 柴門を雇うなんてチーム, 柴門なんてを雇うチーム, 柴門を雇うチームなんて 私なんかで良ければ、何でも相談に乗りますので This seems to be the most common way to say it. But how do these alternatives sound? ...
user avatar
  • 9,167
1 vote
2 answers
138 views

Does おり serve a necessary grammatical function in this sentence, or is it simply redundant?

2年【にねん】に1度【ど】、目視【もくし】による検査【けんさ】を行【おこな】っており、強度【きょうど】に問題【もんだい】はないという (The bridge) is visually inspected every two years, and is said to have no strength problems. https://www.yomiuri.co.jp/hobby/travel/...
user avatar
  • 1,212
2 votes
1 answer
66 views

でも and other particles: conjunction, exclusion, and word order

I am not sure this has been asked here before. What I'm curious about is what particles get replaced by でも in its hedging usage ("or something") and what can occur alongside it and in what ...
user avatar
  • 9,167
1 vote
2 answers
70 views

About the difference in these sentences with のを and のが

I've been struggling to find the difference between those two structures, is one of them wrong or they are both right and have a difference in meaning/emphasis 俺が走るのが見た 俺が走るのを見た
user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
1 answer
62 views

Does the が particle always mark the focus when marking the subject?

I recently read lots of articles/posts from the が particle usages and there is something which isn't clear for me. So the basic usage of the が is to mark the subject of the sentence. But in addition が ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
77 views

The nomenclature of cases regarding dative and nominative

私にそれがよく分かりません In this sentence, 私 is said to be a dative subject and それ to be a nominative object. If they are named after their case markers, I wonder why we cannot simply regard に and が as a ...
user avatar
  • 167
3 votes
1 answer
169 views

“は…は” usage: What’s the function of the first は?

午後は授業はありません。 I saw this sentence in my book, and from my understanding the second は marks the topic of the sentence, and in some cases “は…は” highlights the contrast between two topics, but in this ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
107 views

Why use の instead of が?

I know that の can be used instead of が when modifying a noun like in these examples: 日本語のわかる人 私のできる日本語 But in these cases: 健康のためにあるいはリクリエーションのためにというスポーツのある一方で、スポーツが仕事というプロスポーツも存在している。 ...
user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
1 answer
85 views

Using か in casual speech

There are definitely many questions about the usage (or lack thereof) of か in casual speech. Although it is relatively common in anime, it sounds harsh, maybe rude in everyday casual speech. Alright, ...
user avatar
  • 604
0 votes
1 answer
72 views

Grammar meaning of でも in 何泊でもどうぞ

……まあ。本当は素晴らしい剣なのですね。そんなものをお預かりできるのでしたら、何泊でもどうぞ I know that でも can mean something like "Even", so 何泊でもどうぞ in this context probably means something like "Even if (でも) you stay as many ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
90 views

にで and でに confusion

So I saw these particles in a definition and a song. First, as ひとりでに, which got translated as by itself (this got approved by the way) and then "単独にでなく", which I'm guessing means not being ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
87 views

Grammar: understanding ~での, particle usage for なった, function of ため [closed]

Link: https://www.kanaloco.jp/news/government/article-905621.html プール管理の担当教員が水泳の授業での新型コロナウイルス感染を防ぐために、プールの水を常にあふれさせて水質をきれいにする必要があると勘違いしたことが原因。 Why is there a の after 水泳の授業で? 同月2日の検針時に学校全体の水道料金が、...
user avatar
  • 143
1 vote
1 answer
70 views

自殺に見せ掛ける - Particle に

Context: https://streamable.com/sk6rst Sentence: 単なる自殺か? 自殺に見せ掛けた 他殺か? Question: What is the function of the particle に in 自殺に見せ掛けた ?
user avatar
  • 397
0 votes
0 answers
112 views

日本語は話せますか, 日本語が話せますか and 日本語を話せますか what's the difference?

日本語は話せますか 日本語が話せますか 日本語を話せますか What's the difference? Some people said it means the same thing, but when I googled it several people were saying several different things and I'm lost. I read that ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
58 views

Is などなど a phrase-ending expression or it can be used in the middle of a sentence?

I recently learned the word などなど which means "etcetera", just like the good ol' など : 日本のものはポップでクール!車、オーディオ、家電製品、ファッション、文房具などなど。 フルーツが好きです。りんご、みかん、バナナなどなど。 Judging from these examples, I ...
user avatar
  • 4,336
0 votes
1 answer
62 views

What are the particles か and だと used for in relative clauses?

I am reading a book in Japanese and the following sentence came up: 今日「私は魔女よ」と宣言したところで危険はなく、うらやましがられるか、せいぜい無邪気な気まぐれだと、困った顔をされるぐらいでしょう The first part I translated as "nowadays, even if you ...
user avatar
  • 469
0 votes
1 answer
75 views

Understanding 飲料水などに使う上水道で導入される

宮城県の水道事業の運営主体が4月1日から民間企業に切り替わった。特に飲料水などに使う上水道で導入されるのは全国初の試みだ。水質悪化や災害復旧の遅れなどを不安視する声が根強いが、県は「対応は今後も変わらない」と強調する。 I'm not sure how to understand the part 飲料水などに使う上水道で導入される. Particularly, I'm not sure how ...
user avatar
  • 3,595
-2 votes
1 answer
160 views

Why である instead of でいる?

One solution that I heard is aru can be used for people you're not close to and iru for people you are close to, so like a humble thing, but, I don't know if it's actually said, and aru is for ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
149 views

omitted particle を can make conditional?

The translator is a native speaker of Japanese. He translated the title 70億人の頭の上に風船を as, If I Could Put Balloons on 7 Billion People's Heads. However, another old translator who was removed for an ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
155 views

What is the usage of なら in this sentence: 予定を確認すると、次の週末なら二人とも空いていたので、急いで温泉旅館を予約しました

予定を確認すると、次の週末なら二人とも空いていたので、急いで温泉旅館を予約しました。 I stumbled on this sentence, because I don't know how to translate "nara". Usually, "nara" means "if", but in this sentence, ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
73 views

Omitted verbs? 想いを音に音は思いをわずかでもいい届いてくれよ!

想いを音に 音は思いを わずかでもいい 届いてくれよ! What I'm confused about is the omitted verbs. I saw a translation from a translator (from Wiki) going something like: "Turn your thoughts into sound, and your sound ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
65 views

Difference between【怠けものブラシ】and【怠惰なブラシ】?

【怠けものブラシ】was the title of a brush i downloaded (for a drawing app). 【怠惰なブラシ】is what i was told is the "correct" way of putting the same phrase. the first phrase is from a native speaker. is ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
107 views

The purpose of には in the sentence 'こんないっぱい黒歴史持ってるには若すぎる'

https://twitter.com/sally_amaki/status/1505553739096408066 In this tweet, the English sentence I’m way too young to have this much past to cringe about. got translated to こんないっぱい黒歴史持ってるには若すぎる。 If ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
99 views

Meaning of に起こす

I'm reading a manga in which often 起こす is used with に, in situations like this: 次は工場用に こいつをパターンに起こす The characters just finished making a test piece for a shirt, and the speaker is saying to the ...
user avatar
  • 2,759
1 vote
1 answer
88 views

What does くらいちゃんと mean here?

「なによそれー!幼馴染にくらいちゃんと悩みは相談しなさい!」 What does くらい modify? ちゃんと has the opposite meaning. Also, I can replace は with を here, can't I?
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
69 views

Can the と particle be used to express a person's thoughts other than your own?

I know that the と particle can be used to express your own thoughts, such as in: 難しい質問だと思う。- I think that it's a difficult question. But on this phrase, it's actually a question to a different ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
57 views

と usage in 俺と同じ [duplicate]

What is the meaning of と in the following phrase? 俺と同じことをするんだ - Do the same thing I do.
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
89 views

What is the meaning of 顔で聞いてる?

I was getting some new vocabulary using My First Story's song called アンダーグラウンド and then I couldn't understand the meaning of the verse 全部 同じ顔で聞いてるけど, how can you listen with your face? Is there ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
109 views

Understanding 賃金の伸びに物価の変動を反映した実質賃金

賃金の伸びに物価の変動を反映した実質賃金 Does this mean "the real wages which reflect the fluctuation of price amid the wages increase"? 厚生労働省は8日午前、1月の毎月勤労統計調査(速報)を発表した。賃金の伸びに物価の変動を反映した実質賃金は前年同月比0・4%増と、...
user avatar
  • 3,595
2 votes
0 answers
93 views

"no" in "Chōsa Heidan" - Shingeki no Kyojin [duplicate]

In Attack on Titan, Survey Corps Japanese name is (Chōsa Heidan) (調査兵団) Chōsa (調査) means "Survey" and Heidan (兵団) means "Army Corps' My question is why are Heidan written directly after ...
user avatar
  • 21
4 votes
1 answer
95 views

A は A、 B は B Please help in parsing this sentence 「油ものは油もの、茶飲み茶碗は茶飲み茶碗と」

This is from Hayashi Fumiko's writing titled 生活 describing the author's daily life in 1935. 夕御飯が済んで、小さい女中と二人で、油ものは油もの、茶飲み茶碗は茶飲み茶碗と、あれこれと近所の活動写真の話などをしながらかたづけものをして、剪花(きりばな)に水を替えてやっていると、...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
88 views

When to use は、に or no particle?

I mostly understood the particles in Japanese, but there is still one thing I couldn't get over with. And that is the following problem: I do not exactly know, when to use は、に or no particle. It's ...
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
133 views

Can the は particle be a topic and contrast marker at same time?

I know the は particle can function as a topic marker or contrast marker. But can it be topic and contrast marker at the same time? Here are a few examples: A) ビールは飲{の}まない。 B) 肉{にく}は食{た}べないけど魚{さかな}は食{...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
87 views

を/に・通る particle help

In the sentence, 毎日、この道を通ります。 why is を used? Wouldn't it be に? Also, 試験に通る I thought the verb was intransitive, so I thought it would be が maybe. "the test was passed" ? Any helpful ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
146 views

What is the correct way to say "Why did the guy with pink camera eat my food?"

ピンクのカメラの人はなぜ自分の飯を食ってしまったのか ピンクのカメラが人はなぜ自分の飯を食ってしまったのか Which particle should be used before 人, の or が ? Please explain the answer
user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
1 answer
81 views

Katta in nagamete itakatta

So, I was trying to make a translation, and I found nagamete itakatta. I thought it was referring to the te form and the past tense of iru combined, then there was katta, which I also thought was past ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
126 views

Word order withと違う

In this sentence その点では私は君と意見が違う (My opinion differs from yours on that point) As I understand, the first は (その点では) is optional because it puts emphasis on the phrase before it. The next thing is a ...
user avatar
  • 31
0 votes
1 answer
173 views

Usage of たら with questions

I'm very confused about the たら conjunctive particle with questions. It seems that the general structure is XらY, where X is some kind of condition in the past tense and Y is something that happens ...
user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
109 views

Uses of double が, or が + は, in the same sentence, in Japanese

This sentence: もう少しディスプレイが大きいのはありませんか。 is supposed to mean: Do you have one with a slightly larger display? However, I don't understand why もう少し doesn't go attached to 大きい, since the former is ...
user avatar
  • 159
1 vote
0 answers
39 views

ので with requests [duplicate]

I was consulting my grammar book (A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar), when I came upon the following passage (page 323): Now this is all well and good. But it's a bit conflicting with an ...
user avatar
  • 604
1 vote
0 answers
39 views

も after dictionary form of a verb [duplicate]

From Komi-san, volume 1, page 61. I understand the second sentence to be "after that, he asked several people, but got the same kind of response, and now he's like this" But what on earth is ...
user avatar
  • 604
0 votes
1 answer
75 views

A couple translations I'm not exactly why or think I'm correct on why it is

面白い事件が起こりました。- This translates to "An interesting incident occurred" instead of "I caused an interesting incident" is because of the indicative form of 起こ which indicates an event ...
user avatar
  • 123
1 vote
0 answers
114 views

What's going on with the particles in this causative sentence?

余計にテンションが上がる健一に俺は思うわず顔を引き攣らせる。 Why is the one making someone else to do the action (健一) marked with に, marker for the doer of the verb?. If 引き攣る is transitive then maybe it's correct but it's ...
user avatar
  • 301
0 votes
0 answers
148 views

Why are もらう、習う、教わる、借りる and 聞くthe only transitive verbs that behave like they are in passive conjugation? Is there a name for this category of verb?

もらう、習う、教わる、借りる and 聞く (in its "to hear from" meaning) and their honorifics I'm pretty sure are the only verbs where に and から are somewhat interchangeable in their active form, in that に ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
134 views

What is this な? 「変態」ってな

(ナオト) お前のパンツ買うの忘れた。 (真由)  それぐらい ちゃんと持ってきてます。 変態。 (ナオト) お前 「変態」ってな…。(source) (桐乃) あんたが沙織とこそこそ仲よくなったりしたから、ややこしいことになったんじゃない (京介) っていうか、興味津々じゃねえか! (桐乃) うるさい!あんたこそ、何よ、あやせ見て デレーっとして。人の親友をあんな目で見んな!変態! (京介) ...
user avatar
  • 9,167
1 vote
1 answer
77 views

て in place of は [duplicate]

ロンドンてどんな町かなと思っていたんです。 Why is て, not は, used in the sentence? This looks like a place for the topic marker…
user avatar
  • 2,163
4 votes
1 answer
70 views

た particle usage in のど乾いた

I was watching an anime and the character said something along the lines of "のど乾{かわ}いたね~". This would mean something like "I'm thirsty" (looking at the previous dialogues, this was ...
user avatar
  • 99

1
2 3 4 5
28