Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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10 views

「力で」 and 「力をもって」

Taken from the first episode of Steins;GATE 「宇宙に始まりはあるが終わりはない。 —無限 星にもまた始まりはあるが、自らの力をもって滅び逝く。 —有限」 What I am wondering about is whether the part in bold could be rephrased as: 「自らの力で滅び逝く」 If that is ...
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49 views

Double を of the form [noun] を [noun] を [verb-stem] つつ

I have the following from here: 本記事{ほんきじ}では、最新{さいしん}の築地{つきじ}情報{じょうほう}を写真{しゃしん}を交{か}えつつ、築地{つきじ}でオススメの寿司{すし}レストラン、軽食{けいしょく}や朝{あさ}ごはんが食{た}べられる店{てん}、また訪日{ほうにち}客{きゃく}向{む}けツアーやアクセス情報{じょうほう}などをご紹介{しょうかい}します。...
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Multiple subject?

When I say I’m now busy, it’s 今は忙しい But what I don’t understand is that 今 is being used as the topic. I’m this sentence, the real person that’s busy is me, so if I choose to not omit the person, but ...
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1answer
200 views

Parsing a sentence with の and に missing(?)

I saw this tweet earlier today. I find it difficult to understand the underlined portion. This is the first time I saw 目指すよう without に or な following it. The same goes with 近く. It looks like an adverb,...
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58 views

help with breaking down this sentence: 私が今まで見た中で最も面白いもの

私が今まで見た中で最も面白いもの I (think?) understand the meaning of the sentence but I have a hard time understanding the grammar. My two questions are: What is the role of the で In mid sentence? I’ve been told ...
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Does '頑張って' affect '仕事' using 'を' in 留学を決心した上は、**仕事を頑張って**留学の代金を貯金すべきだ。?

留学を決心した上は、仕事を頑張って留学の代金を貯金すべきだ。 頑張って is Intransitive verb so why would it be related to 仕事? I thought it had to be 仕事に not 仕事を. If the verb of 仕事を is not 頑張って , then where is its verb in the sentence (...
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みんなの日本語って教科書**が**だれでも知っているね。it should be を not が right?

みんなの日本語って教科書がだれでも知っているね。it should be を not が right? 知っている is transitive verb. same phenomenon in トムさん、さっき山田さんって人が探してたよ。
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178 views

How to say “with Person A and Person B”?

Recently I saw this sentence: マリアさんもホセさん、テレサちゃんときてください I understand this as Maria, please also come, along with Jose and Teresa If my translation is correct, is the comma a standard way of ...
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40 views

I ask for an explanation about the なの in [祖母は耳が遠い、つまり、耳が少し不自由**なの**だ。] [duplicate]

Is なの considered as a whole (grammatical expression)? Or is it な ,to make 不自由 an adj, and の seperately? If 2) is the case, what does の mean here?
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54 views

Why wasn't が used instead of には in [そんなこと、私にはとても出来ない。]?

Why wasn't が used instead of には in [そんなこと、私にはとても出来ない。]? Is it correct to use が? What is the meaning/sense and role of には in the sentence to choose it over the が particle? English: There's no way I ...
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106 views

Why is the particle omitted in this relative clause?

I am doing this exercise from wasabi-jpn.com. The exercise includes this sentence: The sweater (I) bought last week was expensive. Apparently, the correct answer is 先週買ったセーターは高かったです。 I realize that ...
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68 views

Nominalization with 「ん」and its use for humans

Taken from 「イエスタデイをうたって3」: Three guys of an indie band are having a talk about the current situation of their band and the place where they usually have their performances. While discussing their ...
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153 views

Emphasizing words in Japanese

Maybe I haven't heard enough spoken Japanese to know how fluent speakers do it, but I always get confused with how to translate the way I emphasize words in English into Japanese. The boy kicked the ...
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107 views

Inserting も inside a suru verb

I know that しょくじします means "to have a meal". I have trouble understanding the bolded sentence in the following text: たたみのへやでしごとをします。しょくじもします。 Does it mean that the person also has meals in ...
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99 views

Why can some particles not precede the の particle?

I encountered this line in the article on the の particle on imabi.net: の can also follow other case particles--never が nor に. It can also be after some adverbs. When this happens, it is best to treat ...
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49 views

Can in this passive tense structure the topic be the same as the performer of the action?

I've been skimming through Minna no Nihongo and I found this structure: [N1は]...[N2に]...[N3を]...「Vpassive] And I understand the example sentence given with it: 私は弟にパソコンを壊されました。 They say that N1 is ...
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60 views

What does the combination of や and もmean?

I don't understand the following sentence: やさい や くだもの も おおい です。 I know that や is used for incomplete enumeration and も means "also". But how to interpret such a combination of these two ...
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92 views

difference when using は and が with てくれる structure

So, I think that I'm not alone when it comes to being confused about when は and が are supposed to be used, but here I would like to ask about a specific example 浅野君は(私に)かわいい手袋を編んでくれた x 浅野君が(私に)...
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103 views

Meaning of からはよ in this sentence

A character is trying to cross a checkpoint, but an official is asking for a pass. The character answers: 知らん! 急いでるからはよ通せ。 Using this this StackExchange question I came up with this translation: &...
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Intuitive way to justify this usage of「に」

An earlier question on JP.SE asked about the usage of the particle「に」for what seemed to be attribution or possession, but I wasn't sure if those were 'official' uses of「に」and I decided to do some ...
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115 views

What is the use of the first の in this sentence?

"色の薄いものと濃いものを両方使うときれいに見えます。" I thought this was the case where の substitutes が but this is not a relative clause. I'd just like to know about this particular use of の.
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66 views

Do I only need particles if the subject is clear?

I've come across several sentences that have a lone subject or object and then the verb without a particle to be heard of. One example is テーブルですか so my question is, do I only need to use a particle ...
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86 views

Would I use で if I want to say “drawing in an art program”

I feel like this is wrong, but I’m not entirely sure, if I wanted to say “my first time drawing in Paint Tool Sai” would this sentence be correct? ペイントツールSAIで初めて描画
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88 views

Is this ~もので a grammar pattern?

I came across this JLPT N1 sentence: 人生はなにが幸いするかわからないもので、たぶん、あれはあれでよかったんじゃないかと思う。 My literal translation: Life is a thing in which we don't know what will prove fortunate, but I think this is probably ...
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53 views

~から ~まで for sizes and other non-time related subjects

I was writing a text about sumi-e pencils and I came up with this sentence: 筆のタイプには、ほうきの大きさからえんぴつの大きさまでがあります。 Trying to convey "As for pencil types, there are pencils from the size of a broom to ...
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120 views

What is the difference between ところに/へ and ところで?

This website explains that: 「~ところへ/に」は、ある段階における状況を変化させるような出来事が起こることを表すと説明した方がいい。 to indicate event that will change the situation in certain stage (this is my own translation (it might be incorrect)) ...
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387 views

Role of な in といってな

In a sentence from the 犬夜叉 comic book, an old lady from ancient times is speaking about her family. The context is that the speaker mentioned her sister 桔梗 in the previous panel, but the listener didn’...
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145 views

と言ってました and は confusion

I am confused by a very specific sentence in the lesson I'm currently on and haven't found any examples online or anywhere in my textbook. I'm trying to figure out how to correctly say "Robert said ...
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110 views

The meaning of は (wa) in 四月は君の嘘 (“Your Lie in April”)

I was trying to translate the title of the film called "Your Lie In April" into Japanese. I came to know that 四月は君の嘘 is the official name of "Your Lie in April". But I was not able to understand the ...
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101 views

Can を be use instead of が?

I've heard that を is sometimes used instead of が nowadays. Although it is strictly incorrect it is becoming more common. Is this true ? For example: お茶を好きです 車を欲しいです
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80 views

が合わせて versus の合わせて

①この事故による死傷者は、女性3人、男性4人の合わせて7人ということになる。 ②この事故による死傷者は、女性3人、男性4人が合わせて7人ということになる。 A Japanese friend of mine told me that ② is not wrong but ① is better than ②. Could any expert tell me why の is better ...
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85 views

What does には do in this sentence, and which part is responsible for the “for me” nuance?

話し方がちょっと速すぎて私には分かりません。 For some reason it feels strange to me to go right from すぎて to 私.
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44 views

Help with translation of song line - confusing use of particles, unsure how to deal with a pun

So I was trying to translate this song (full lyrics here) but there's this one line that I can't make sense out of. その餌で凍えて誂えて この折に巣食い尽くす この唄を 捧げます。 With that bait, freeze and make to order. ...
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94 views

How to tell the function of と at a glance?

国{くに}が今年{ことし}の3[月]{がつ}に調{しら}べると、「[特定]{とくてい}[技能]{ぎのう}」で[働]{はたら}いている人{ひと}は3987[人]{にん}で、考{かんが}えていたよりずっと少{すく}ないことがわかりました。 I’m having difficulty figuring out how と is used here. From past experience it ...
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155 views

Usage of が in this paragraph

Once again I have been stumped over the usage of particles in a passage from my textbook. 先生: 最近、アメリカでも魚や豆腐を食べている人が増えてきたらしいです。 学生: はい。 先生: アメリカでも、ヘルシーな食べ物[が]{L}人気[が]{L}出てきたということです。 The paragraph ...
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が in ゆえに or んがため; が > の shift? [duplicate]

I am well aware that が and の are interchangeable in cases like this where there is a "subordinate clause" (forgive my imprecise language). However, as I was working through my N1 grammar reviews, I ...
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147 views

What is the difference between 写真を撮る and 写真に撮る?

As I understood so far, 撮る is a transitive verb, so "to take a photograph" is 写真を撮る in Japanese. However, I've just come across a sentence in my textbook that uses the expression 写真に撮る, and I'm not ...
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71 views

ことが as an infinitive?

若い時にいい友達『を』作ることはとても大事だ。 “It is very important to make friends when one is young.” “To make” is not a noun, it's an infinitive. It should be “making friends” no? I understand that it turns the verb ...
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1answer
90 views

これで決定 vs これに決めた

Having figured out what to do, the protagonist says「これで決定」. Later, having picked one option out of several, she says 「これに決めた」. What's the difference in the meaning between these, and why are the ...
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38 views

Which is correct: の or を + 勉強に [duplicate]

I recently see this sentence: 日本へ美術の勉強に行きます Previous lesson, I learnt that to express "to learn something", we use the pattern: N (The subject to learn) + を + 勉強する But the first sentence uses ...
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45 views

What's the よ in 武器よさらば? [duplicate]

I just learnt that Hemingway's "Farewell to Arms" in translated in Japanese as 武器よさらば. Is that よ the sentence-end particle for emphasis? Or does it has any other meaning?
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64 views

What does あったりと mean?

僕の住まう差大角豆(ささげ)町の町並みは都会とは程遠く、木々が街道を飾り、町の至る所に雑木林があったりと、とても長閑(のどか)な町だ。 Is the あったりと connected to the last part of the sentence through the 〜たりする grammar? If so, what does "と" mean in "あったりと"? I know ...
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569 views

Seemingly non-interrogative use of sentence-ending か

I keep on coming across the particle か at the end of sentences without it having a clear or necessary interrogative nuance. An example. The 1st Angel in Neon Genesis Evangelion is regenerating itself ...
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2answers
103 views

Difference between using が and の in these sentences [duplicate]

I have two examples here where the particle の is used where I would've used が so I was hoping someone could explain if there's a difference in these instances, or if either is acceptable. 主人のいない侍 ...
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2answers
125 views

Particles じぇ and じょ

I am currently reading the manga 「咲」and the character 片{かた}岡{おか}優{ゆう}希{き} regularly ends her sentences with じょ and じぇ. I will give a few examples (each line isn't related to the next) 学食でタコス買ってきたじぇー ...
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45 views

Newspaper sentence translation and interpretation [closed]

I would like to know if my translation of the sentence below is accurate in meaning. If not, could you point out the problematic area? Simply pointing out where I went wrong would be great. No need to ...
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1answer
128 views

How to omit and change female end particles?

I'm a little confused. If, for example, a man is singing a song written by a woman, and it has ending particles such a "の" "なの" etc. What are the male equivalent of these, or which ones are to be ...
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53 views

What exactly is the function of と in this sentence? [duplicate]

彼の車は私と同じです。 Does it have something to do with comparing nouns? If so, why would と follow 私?
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1answer
45 views

The use of や and sentence meaning

まつさんはラーメンやのうしろの公園に行きます。 In the previous sentence, what is the purpose of the や after ラーメン? I'm also unsure if the sentence is saying that "Matsu went to the park behind the ramen shop." or "Matsu ...
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40 views

ほか usage clarification [duplicate]

I was reading this article at NHK, and in it there is a sentence that reads: 感染者の中には、今月2日ではなく別の日にこのナイトクラブを訪れた人がいたほか、ソウル以外の地方から訪れた人もいたということです。 Which I think I understand the main point of to mean: ...

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