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Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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1answer
117 views

How do I differenciate で as the て form of nouns and で the particle?

I have difficulty differentiating between the 2 of them. This is a sentence I recently come across: 俺は見学でいいですか?It looks simple but I'm not sure which で is being used here. My guess is that it's the te ...
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45 views

Are で and に particles interchangeable when using them with 乗ります and 降ります verbs?

I'm reading a book that translates these two sentences as following: スミスさんは東京駅で電車に乗ります。-> Mr. Smith will get on the train at Tokyo Station. スミスさんは新宿駅で電車を降ります。-> Mr. Smith will get off the train ...
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2answers
177 views

Why is を used instead of が in the following sentence ending in 名詞+だ?

I came across this sentence in my textbook: 日本人はなぜ欧米人を野蛮人だと思ったのでしょうか。 I would expect が or perhaps a contrastive は instead of を, but I can't understand why を is used given that in the clause ...
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1answer
76 views

Can に乗る contain a place/direction and is it the same as [vehicle]で 行く?

In the Busuu course I'm taking I learned the word 乗る and that it means something like "take" or "ride". For that purpose I used the structure [vehicle]で 行く up until now. I ...
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197 views

How will you break down this part of a sentence? "弊社現在vtuberなどで使用されるアバターの制作"

初めて。dm失礼いたします。こちら株式会社companyname営業部門となります。弊社現在vtuberなどで使用されるアバターの制作並びに、コミュニティー事業をしている者なのですがまだ活動をされていない方あるいはすでにvtuber活動をされている方も含めてvtuberにご興味がある方を探しておりまして、ご自身、...
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185 views

Do/can vs would/could in Japanese and the usage of ん and が? [closed]

Contextually, in Japanese, is there a difference between "do" and "would"? Similarly with "can" and "could"? On a side note, what's the purpose/rule for ん and ...
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1answer
89 views

よろしく as particle/adverb meaning ように?

Recently I came across an unfamiliar usage of よろしくnamely よろしくas an particle? adverb? Probably it means something like ~ように。I was told it gives the sentence an "ironic" nuance but I am not ...
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1answer
138 views

After the question particle か can I put the particle に?

I was writing and wanted to put something that would be translated as "pay attention/be careful with the one you are provided with." I was going to write 「どっちが与えられるかに気をつけろ」but I felt that it ...
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0answers
40 views

(そして彼女は窓際の壁を背に床に座り込む) - What does 壁を背に床に座り込む mean? [duplicate]

そして彼女は窓際の壁を背に床に座り込む。 - And then she sat against the wall to the side of the window. Judging the meaning, I think I managed to grasp what it means but I'm confused about how this sentence works. I ...
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2answers
113 views

~ごろ or ~ぐらい for non-clock points in time?

This is probably a ridiculously simple question, but somehow I've been unable to pin down the answer myself. To say "about / approximately" for non-clock points in time, do you use ごろ or ...
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1answer
87 views

Usage of なら in this sentence

I came across this sentence recently: 日本語ならちょっと喋れるよ The translation given was 'I speak a little Japanese.' I am struggling to understand how なら functions as a particle here, since from what I have ...
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1answer
452 views

Meaning of ど in 碧羅の天へ誘えど?

It's been years, and I still don't know what the ど in this song title means. It doesn't seem like it's 度{ど}, and I've tried looking up ど as a suffix many times before but the most I've come up with is ...
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97 views

meaning of で言っても? [closed]

Found this sentence: 人生経験で言っても、十数年引きこもっていた俺よりも、彼の方が上なんだろう。 Is it a grammatical structure or am I missing something?
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76 views

What is the use of で here?

In the sentence “レジャーが目的で行く“ what does the で express here? Does に work here? I was trying to compare it to the 〜しに行く, like 勉強しに行く.I understand that 目的 is a noun so there is no ます form. What if I want ...
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72 views

Vmasuながらじゃなくて - Why is じゃなくて used with ながら?

泣きながらじゃなくて、こんな風に言ってごらん "Say it like this, don't say it while crying" I seem to understand how it works I think. I think I got confused since the Vmasuながら verb is the secondary action in ...
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1answer
116 views

What does 私が心の底から面白いと笑って読める小説 mean?

私が心の底から面白いと笑って読める小説をたくさん手に入れることだった。 Does the と quote the 面白い?
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128 views

What does で mean here in this sentence?

みんな同じ地域で小学校から育ってきたところに学年で僕1人だけ渋谷から引っ越して入学したんだよね。 The で here confuses me, here is what I think the translation is and I'm not sure if mine is even correct. When everyone from the same region grew up ...
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33 views

What does the し do in this sentence? "あそこのたべものはうまいしねだんもやすいです。" [duplicate]

What does the し do in this sentence? "あそこのたべものはうまいしねだんもやすいです。"
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377 views

Grammar of -がために

I've seen a few sentences with this, "(~る)がために" construction, however whenever I look it up I just get grammar points about "(ないーform)んがために". Is "(~る)がために" just a more ...
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1answer
92 views

What does で mean here in "危険を承知で声がした方へ向かう 。"

I'm reading くまクマ熊ベアー and I came upon this sentence  危険かと思ったが初めての人の声だ。危険を承知で声がした方へ向かう。 Would it be acceptable to say "危険を承知して声がした方へ向かう。" What does the で here mean?
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123 views

に in comparison

In a book I'm reading I found this sentence: 歩くと音が出る幼児向け玩具{おもちゃ}に僕みたいなのがあったような気がする I understand it, "I feel there was a children toy which made sounds when you walked, like me"; the ...
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80 views

How should I complete the sentence? [duplicate]

I have the following sentence: 会社は( )ですか。...パワー電気です。 I guess you it should be translated as "What is this company? It's the Power Company"? A classmate suggested: 会社は どこ ですか。...パワー電気です But ...
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1answer
53 views

Meaning of か in ーだかわからない

I found this sentence: その晩、夢を見た。いつの事だかわからない。けれども覚えのある光景があった What is the meaning of that か in 「事だかわからない」? Is it there to add a "uncertainty" nuance? or is it something else?
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130 views

Can someone break down this sentence for me?

「人は話せるようになるとすぐ いろいろなことを尋ねます」I would like this sentence to be broken into Subject, Object, Verb... I can only distinguish a few of the particles, and I understand (because of dictionary) that「話せる」means ...
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71 views

what does では do in それが人の本質だからでは

what is the difference between それが人の本質だからでは and それが人の本質だから saw this in an episode of attack on titan
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1answer
99 views

Can ぐらい/くらい be combined with particles?

Can you say ぐらいも? (the emphatic も) like 5200円くらいも払ったのに ~ Or even を? or is it omitted? 山の大きさぐらいを食べ過ぎておなかが痛い
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3answers
169 views

〜を。。。だ inside a と言う clause

In the ASK Graded Reader ゴン狐, the following sentence appears: 魚売りは、おれを泥棒だと言って、。。。 I have seen that using を。。。と言う is like saying 'to call somebody something.' My issue is that there is a だ at the end ...
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1answer
86 views

Trouble with use of まで and 頼む

I think I understand the general idea but I have trouble with the construction of this sentence. The situation is that he injured himself earlier and now he's tired. I guess he's saying something like ...
2
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1answer
79 views

Is ある in this sentence used to refer to animate objects (children)?

I was doing some searches and so know that it is not as simple as just ある = nonliving and いる = living, but the sentence still makes me confused because of "みんな的には…" and "良いとかある?" ...
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1answer
78 views

What nuance does the が particle add in the following sentence? At what time would each sentence be more appropriate?

両親は結婚した時、どこにも行きませんでした。 VS 両親が結婚した時、どこにも行きませんでした。
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137 views

Purpose of だった when verb is already past tense?

I'm trying to understand this sentence: 言ったのは少女のひとりだった。, which is translated as "It was one of the girls who said it.". I've understood the first 2 parts: 言ったの = noun-ified (past tense of ...
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2answers
175 views

Question regarding 「と」in dialect (probably 九州弁)

Taken from the fifth’s episode of Zombieland Saga 「あの… 何しとるとですか?」 The show takes place in 佐賀県 and sometimes the characters throw in some bits of dialect (mostly 九州弁 and what I assume is 博多弁) I am ...
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147 views

The verb [手伝]{てつだ}う, does it use the particle に?

For example, if I want to say "I helped my uncle yesterday", how would I say it? 昨日私のおじさんにてつだいました。 Or, I would just use the particle を. 昨日私のおじさんをてつだいました。
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1answer
106 views

Rules to leave spaces between words when using kanji and kana

I'm trying to understand when I should leave blanks (spaces) between Japanese words when using either kana or kanji. My understanding is that blanks should be left when otherwise the text is confusing....
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1answer
80 views

Verb complement clause type and clause structure?

How can you tell the type of verb complement clause without the accompanying particle? と marks statement clauses or direct quotations and か marks question clauses according to my copy of Practice ...
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1answer
307 views

Is my translation of "Me and my girlfriend live in tokyo" correct?

So I am very new to Japanese (1 week of study) so please bear with me and forgive me for my mistakes. I will use romanji as i do not know the entire hiragana yet My translation: Watashi to watashi no ...
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1answer
83 views

Is it necessary to use the の particle (along with が) when saying "I like (something)"?

I have read this sentence: 私は絵を見るのが好きです。 and I don't understand why is the の required. As far as I understand, が is used to indicate the subject of the sentence, in this case a picture (what is liked)....
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78 views

Confusion over usage of に

I am not 100% sure what role に is playing in this sentence. 「そんなこと、記憶にありません」 I understand the sentences meaning (something along the lines of "I do not remember that") but I think I'm ...
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1answer
145 views

why is は used rather than を here?

i had listened to true love restraint and there's this line here 今誰を見てるの? 僕以外は見ないで why is it は and not を「僕以外を見ないで」 even when を was explicitly used in the first line with the same idea? what's the ...
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2answers
148 views

に particle or のうえを to show writing on something

I was doing some composition practice and struck upon writing the sentence, "I wrote on the blackboard in Japanese class." This seemed straight forward enough:日本語のじゅぎょうで黒板...and that's when ...
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1answer
196 views

Meaning of とてこう?

I've been reading some Touhou doujinshi in Japanese and checking English version for translation just in case, and I had a hard time trying to decompose this sentence: I have to give some context [I ...
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2answers
102 views

Why「で/に」cannot be omitted ? (どこかで / どこかに)

The particle「へ/を」, can be omitted after「どこか or なにか」. But, with「で/に」we can't. Why? どこかに電話がありますか。/ どこか(へ)逃避行したい。 Thank you.
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195 views

Using particles excessively?

I've been using Duolingo for the better half of my Japanese learning experience but recently I purchase the McGraw's Complete Japanese Grammar for more comprehensive learning. I'm on chapter 7, which ...
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1answer
105 views

Understanding this sentence: と笑ってたがな

I was playing Fire Emblem 5 and at the beginning of Chapter 2 there is a dialogue between two evil characters: one seems to be a priest called August and the other is a henchman called Bucks. The ...
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1answer
111 views

How to use counter question word + か

In Tae Kim's grammar guide, it tell you that question word can be appended with か、も、でも to mean different things(誰か someone, 誰も everyone, 誰でも anyone). Can the same be carried over to counters? For ...
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1answer
133 views

Do particles go after or between question words?

Recently, I have realized something interesting: The following sentences are from Japanese lyrics of different songs, so they must be grammatically correct: 誰よりも輝く君を見て 誰にも話せない 誰の心にも、大切な場所がある ...
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2answers
238 views

What particle to use after ほか

I don't understand how to use the right particle after ほか. Are these examples correct? If yes, what are the differences or nuances between these examples? What else did you eat? : ほかに何を食べましたか。 ...
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0answers
55 views

ため used to give reason? [duplicate]

So I came across this sentence: 政府が情報を厳しくチェックしているため、事件のことをみんなの前で話すことができません。 I'm familiar with ために and のため, but it's the first time I see ため used like this. From my understanding, in this sentence it'...
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1answer
140 views

why is there no いう after と

I found this sentence while sentence mining oregairu I understand it, but I don't know why there is no いう after the と can someone please explain this なんちゃってドッキリでした ~ と出ていけば それでOKだ
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108 views

公園で母に… vs 公園で母を…

Let me preface by saying that I am new to learning Japanese (about one month). I came across this sentence and I’m confused about the particle に. 公園で母に会いました。 Why is に used here? If I use が or を, are ...

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