Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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how can you use が on ある in 没までは まだあるが
出発するつもりか?

I saw this sentence in an episode of attack on titan a person is surprised that his captors seem to be having a frantic conversation about moving him and leaving from where they are located earlier ...
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のに's connection to の and に?

のに is defined as a conjunctive particle which means something like "even though" or "although"; however, I'm wondering if there's any connection this particle has to its apparent ...
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When can 形容動詞 go with で?

A Japanese grammar book will tell you that to make a 形容動詞(な adjective) into an adverb, you add に after it. For example: 静かに歩いてください そういうのって確かに非常に辛いな However, recently, I’ve started to notice ...
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What's the わ in まだ早いわ

My question is about the phrase used in this panel from 宝石の国 Chapter 1: I believe (though I'm not sure of it, as the まだ sits in the previous panel) the full line may be "まだ早いわバカモノ!". The ...
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Understanding noun+で見える

気がつけば、目の前にそれはいた。   シンはぞっと戦慄を覚える。   同じ顔だった。   遠縁だという青年の顔を、シンは知らないから自分の顔で見えたのかもしれないし、本当にそれほど似ていたのかもしれない。フレデリカが何度も重ねてしまうほどに。 86─エイティシックス─Ep.3 ─ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント─〈下〉 安里アサト Could you please explain the ...
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Understanding トムは高校生のころ拒食症になった。

The sentence トムは高校生のころ拒食症になった。 apparently translates to Tom became anorexic when he was a high school student. My confusion is how the phrases 高校生のころ and 拒食症 grammatically fit into the ...
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How is も being used in "トムのうるさいいびきで一睡もできなかった。"?

The sentence トムのうるさいいびきで一睡もできなかった。 apparently translates to Tom's loud snoring kept me awake all night. Question: What is the role that the も particle is playing in this sentence (via "一睡も&...
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what is the meaning of みにまかせる?

I've came across this sentence many times in anime songs and I don't know what is the meaning of it and the kanji of it. does the み in there stand for 見? also, what is the difference between that and ...
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Why is それ marked with a で particle in "それでいいですよ"?

それでいいですよ。 I assume this translates to something like "That is good". But why is それ marked by a で particle here instead of, say, a が or a は particle? It seems that それ is acting as the ...
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Why isn't お前 marked with a particle in "お前やるじゃん"?

The sentence お前やるじゃん。 can be translated as You're good at this. or perhaps more literally (if I'm not mistaken) as You doing completely, aren't you? Question: Why isn't お前 marked with any sort ...
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How acceptable is 英語を上手になりたい?

英語が上手になりたい is the correct way to say it, and I have always considered 英語を上手になりたい incorrect. I occasionally see/hear the を version from native speakers, but it didn't bother me that much, thinking that ...
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Is this the correct way to say "child of the octopus"?

I'm still very new to Japanese, but I've learned that octopus is たこ and child is 子. In addition to this, I'm aware that the の particle is used to show possession; for example: わたし の なまえ ... Here, it'...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Color compound words

Is there a logic behind using color noun + noun rather than using color i-adjective + noun? For example, 黒ドレス and 黒タイツ seem to be more used than 黒いドレス and 黒いタイツ. Regardless, the i-adjective way seems ...
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I don't understand the use of the って contraction on this sentence

While looking through some example sentences, I found one where I couldn't completely understand the use of the って particle (Here is the full context if needed): いいことを教えてあげよう。...
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Which particle to use for potentials

So i notice は、が、を are used in this case. For example: 英語が話せます 英語を話せます 英語は話せます *I know my example might be wrong but im a beginner and absolutely clueless on this subject * So how do we decide which ...
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why の goes with other particles except に?

I have seen の joining with で, と, へ and others to form a relative clause, but never with に, why is that? Logically, shouldn't it be possible as well? For example 彼女への手紙, how do you say it but with に? ...
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って used at the end of the sentence, without implicating hearsay nor quoting

I very often see って at the end of a sentence in anime/visual novels, but sometimes, it doesn't convey the idea of hearsay nor is it quoting someone. I just came by this dialogue in death note, the ...
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How does this sentence work structurally? 14は10といくつ?

I was playing some math games intended for children, in Japanese, and the subject was 引き算. The isolated question came up "14は10といくつ?" In the context of 引き算 it makes sense that the answer ...
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だ without と as だと

A: やっぱり分かりませんでした B: やっぱり分かりませんだ? B is obviously quoting A and I would expect だと here but と is not used in this utterance. I wonder if this is dialectal.
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でしょう used without any implification of uncertainty, or seeking confirmation. What does it mean in these cases?

So I noticed over time, that でしょう is used a lot in general speech, even when you can’t really translate it to conjecture/probability, nor is it seeking confirmation, since the speaker is stating facts....
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は・が in 犬が死んだ and 犬は死んだ

犬が死んだ 犬は死んだ は is typically used to mark something already in context as the topic. Would that be equivalent to "The dog died" since "The" typically marks something know? が is a ...
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Does と mean "with" or "for", here?

あたしと学校とりかえっこしてみない? I already know it means "Why don't you try swapping school with me?", "Why don't you, and I, try swapping school?", but I wonder if it can also mean "Why ...
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I'm confused about when to use で vs を in this sentence

I want to ask whether or not it is okay to use a pen. Should I use ボールペンでつかってもいいですか。 or ボールペンをつかってもいいですか。
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What is the difference between が(suru-verb)できる and を(suru-verb)できる?

For example, what's the difference between the following sentences? ゲームで勝つことで、ポイントを獲得できる。 ゲームで勝つことで、ポイントが獲得できる。 Intuitively, I felt like the first sentence sounded better and example sentences seem ...
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Why is it 4分で売り切りだった and not 4分に売り切りだった?

Why is it 4分で売り切りだった and not 4分に売り切りだった? Could someone help explain why で is used and not に?
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Usage of か after 出向く

すっきりしたし司令部へ出向くか From what I understand, this phrase is composed of: すっきり - Refreshing した - Did し - So/and 司令部 - headquarters 出向く - go to/proceed to か - ? So the translation would be something along ...
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What is the funciton of the particle ぞ, and does it have any other uses?

I've only heard it - with its apparent use in this case - in phrases about knowledge specific to someone or something, as in: かみのみぞしるあめのみぞしる。 I would normally - with my low-level understanding of ...
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Role of は when following phrases ending in particles

I have read several linguistic accounts of the particle は that claim it has two fundamental uses: To indicate the theme/topic of the discourse (assuming that the speaker can take for granted that the ...
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How is そこを used in this sentence?

I'm having a difficult time understanding why そこを is used in the following sentence. I don't think that を is marking a direct object, but it also doesn't seem to fit the usual 経過 or 起点 interpretations....
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Why 広がる前 isn't 広がった前 in this sentence

In this NHK Easy article there's the sentence: しかし1年{ねん}に3000万{まん}人{にん}以上{いじょう}が来{き}ていたウイルスが広{ひろ}がる前{まえ}のときのようには、すぐに戻{もど}りません。 If I remove the part I'm having trouble with: しかし1年{ねん}に3000万{まん}人{にん}...
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What does 前かmean?

痛恨のミス。本来なら家を出る前かホームルーム前に回しておくのだが、今朝は眠過ぎてそこまで頭が回っていなかったのだ。 It's from a light novel 時々ボソッとロシア語でデレる隣のアーリャさん1 The first question is: what does 前+か mean here? The second one is: 家を出る前かホームルーム前に回しておく ...
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When does は imply contrast when describing something

I’ve learnt that は can have contrastive meaning and can offend people when used wrongly. E.g. Aさん: Bさんは目はきれいです This would imply Bさん’s eyes are pretty but the rest of his features are not or something ...
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のなら: emphasis or hearsay?

What is the additional nuance in meaning when の is inserted before なら? For example: トムが行く(の)なら、私も行きます。 In the Tobira Gateway to Advanced Japanese (p. 69) it says の occurs before なら when the ...
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3 answers
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Why do you leave out the の in some cases?

An example of this is that I have seen both 来週テスト and 来週のテスト. Both of them mean "next week's test". My issue is that I have no clue when to use which or what makes them different from each ...
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4 votes
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Why do you put 名詞 plus の before ようだ, but you put 名詞 plus な before わけだ?

I looked up the dictionary, and found "よう" and "わけ" are both grammatical nouns (形式体言). But why is the 接続 different? Moreover, I found many sentence patterns have their own rules. ...
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1 answer
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Regarding the use of が instead of は

いけのなかにさかな_たくさんいまですか。 So my question is, would the particle affect the emphasis we want to put on either asking if there ARE Fish inside the Pond, or if we are asking how MANY Fish are there in the ...
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でも良ければ, なんか良ければ, なんかで良ければ

Related to this question that I asked a while ago 柴門を雇うなんてチーム, 柴門なんてを雇うチーム, 柴門を雇うチームなんて 私なんかで良ければ、何でも相談に乗りますので This seems to be the most common way to say it. But how do these alternatives sound? ...
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Does おり serve a necessary grammatical function in this sentence, or is it simply redundant?

2年【にねん】に1度【ど】、目視【もくし】による検査【けんさ】を行【おこな】っており、強度【きょうど】に問題【もんだい】はないという (The bridge) is visually inspected every two years, and is said to have no strength problems. https://www.yomiuri.co.jp/hobby/travel/...
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2 votes
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でも and other particles: conjunction, exclusion, and word order

I am not sure this has been asked here before. What I'm curious about is what particles get replaced by でも in its hedging usage ("or something") and what can occur alongside it and in what ...
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1 vote
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About the difference in these sentences with のを and のが

I've been struggling to find the difference between those two structures, is one of them wrong or they are both right and have a difference in meaning/emphasis 俺が走るのが見た 俺が走るのを見た
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Does the が particle always mark the focus when marking the subject?

I recently read lots of articles/posts from the が particle usages and there is something which isn't clear for me. So the basic usage of the が is to mark the subject of the sentence. But in addition が ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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The nomenclature of cases regarding dative and nominative

私にそれがよく分かりません In this sentence, 私 is said to be a dative subject and それ to be a nominative object. If they are named after their case markers, I wonder why we cannot simply regard に and が as a ...
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“は…は” usage: What’s the function of the first は?

午後は授業はありません。 I saw this sentence in my book, and from my understanding the second は marks the topic of the sentence, and in some cases “は…は” highlights the contrast between two topics, but in this ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why use の instead of が?

I know that の can be used instead of が when modifying a noun like in these examples: 日本語のわかる人 私のできる日本語 But in these cases: 健康のためにあるいはリクリエーションのためにというスポーツのある一方で、スポーツが仕事というプロスポーツも存在している。 ...
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Using か in casual speech

There are definitely many questions about the usage (or lack thereof) of か in casual speech. Although it is relatively common in anime, it sounds harsh, maybe rude in everyday casual speech. Alright, ...
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Grammar meaning of でも in 何泊でもどうぞ

……まあ。本当は素晴らしい剣なのですね。そんなものをお預かりできるのでしたら、何泊でもどうぞ I know that でも can mean something like "Even", so 何泊でもどうぞ in this context probably means something like "Even if (でも) you stay as many ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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にで and でに confusion

So I saw these particles in a definition and a song. First, as ひとりでに, which got translated as by itself (this got approved by the way) and then "単独にでなく", which I'm guessing means not being ...
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1 answer
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Grammar: understanding ~での, particle usage for なった, function of ため [closed]

Link: https://www.kanaloco.jp/news/government/article-905621.html プール管理の担当教員が水泳の授業での新型コロナウイルス感染を防ぐために、プールの水を常にあふれさせて水質をきれいにする必要があると勘違いしたことが原因。 Why is there a の after 水泳の授業で? 同月2日の検針時に学校全体の水道料金が、...
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自殺に見せ掛ける - Particle に

Context: https://streamable.com/sk6rst Sentence: 単なる自殺か? 自殺に見せ掛けた 他殺か? Question: What is the function of the particle に in 自殺に見せ掛けた ?
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日本語は話せますか, 日本語が話せますか and 日本語を話せますか what's the difference?

日本語は話せますか 日本語が話せますか 日本語を話せますか What's the difference? Some people said it means the same thing, but when I googled it several people were saying several different things and I'm lost. I read that ...
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