Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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53 views

ところ+particle(助詞) precision

Hy, I am currently working on with 新完成マスター N3 for my grammar part and I get stuck on a small section of the lesson related to ところ(~p.17)。 So far, I understand that, according to this lesson, ところ can ...
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55 views

Two questions: Repeated particle + renyoukei

https://www.spookizthemovie.jp/ I've been going through some early info on the upcoming Spookiz movie and I'm curious what's with the double particle in this line about the human principal: ...
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99 views

What is the difference between ending a question with んだ?and の?

I thought の when used in questions is for when you’re asking for an explanation or to have a curious tone, but んだ is also for explanation and I’ve seen both used to end questions so what are the ...
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48 views

Particle Use When Using Form V-ている/ある at a Location: で or に?

So imagine I get asked this question, perhaps when calling someone: 図書館...何をしている。 Perhaps I am reading a book, so: [僕は]としょかん...本を読んでいる。 Here is the problem. For "...", I am conflicted on whether to ...
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82 views

Why was し used instead of から?

通訳の仕事は視野が広がるし、自分自身も成長できるよね In this message why is し used instead of から?I thought し was mainly for when there’s multiple reasons for things. Is there another use or reason for it or is it kinda like や,...
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98 views

Given the context, what is the correct way to parse this sentence segment 次に訊くべき言葉が出てこない。?

この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され、それを着込みながら僕は彼女に質問した。 「君は……」 [名前なら、ないわ] こちらから訊くより先に、低く呟くような声が返ってきた。 「呼びにくければアインと呼んで。 いつもそう呼ばれてたから」 質問の出鼻をくじかれ、次に訊くべき言葉が出てこない。 My western brain doesn't ...
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96 views

Use of ni or wa for “ I always eat with my older brother on monday”

In my textbooks solution it says getsuyoubi ha itsumo ani to isshoni tabemasu I thought it would be getsuyoubi ni Thank you in advance
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44 views

Is 「っしょ」possibly a colloquial sentence ending particle?

In this chapter of Chainsawman I saw this 「いいっしょ」 and am confused by what it means. Are there any other particles like this? I don't see this on any lists online. Thanks!
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74 views

Which Japanese Particle should go here, (ni) or (wa)?

わたしの いえ_ へやが みっつ あります。 Essentially what I'm trying to say here is, "There are three rooms in my house"... What should go after ie (house)?
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90 views

The location crisis を + が + で + に

I realize that an explanation of when to use に or で must be everywhere on this site but i have a rather peculiar question on this topic. For me alot of things in japanese atart out as "memorize this"...
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23 views

When do you use the particles “ga” or “wo” for certain adjectives? [duplicate]

I understand the differences between using "ga" and "wo" for action verbs and static verbs, but what about for adjectives? For example, typically you would say Xが怖い, but I see several cases where it's ...
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89 views

Could anyone tell me about how to use か at the end of the news article I see it a lot and get confused about it all the time

I get confused about it all the time Please explain how to use and how to translate it Thank you for your explanation
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67 views

Meaning of 荷重が乗りきる

Context: a boxer has just landed a great uppercut with an upward movement. His father describes the punch in this way: 荷重が乗りきってからの急激な〝縦〟一閃 I think here 乗りきる means "to overcome", so my rough ...
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Particle を with てある

Which particle, が(は)or を、 is correct to use with てある? According to my textbook, が(は)should be used. For example, ヒーターがつけてあります。 But a native Japanese speaker has told me that he'd use を instead of ...
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110 views

What is the meaning? — 誰かいないのか

I need your help. "誰かいないのか" As far as I understand it, this translates to something like, "I want to know, if there somebody, who is available now" The questions are: Is the translation ok? Could ...
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Explanation of でもあります? [duplicate]

I saw this in my Genki I book and I don’t quite understand how to use でもあります. Also, how would I say this informally? パットはアメリカ人でもある?
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115 views

Are there any consistent rules as to how to distinguish words in Japanese?

I got involved with tokenization (mecab, kuromoji) and got confused as to what a "word" is in the Japanese language. Scenario 1: "たべません" analyzed by a tokenizer, outputs the following tokens: たべ ...
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129 views

What's the correct translation for 'Japanese Student': 'Nihonjin gakusee' or 'Nihonjin no gakusee'?

I have seen both uses in different contexts, but I'm having trouble figuring out in which case to use the 'no' particle!
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決めることに賛成です Ni particle

私としては、多数決で決めることに賛成です。 in this sentence why did we use に particle before 賛成です. is 賛成 here working as a noun or adjective ?
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967 views

What's the meaning of こそ in this sentence?

While doing some exercises I found one where I am supposed to insert the correct answer in this dialogue, but I don't understand why it goes こそ。 マイクさん:「ジャンさん、歌うまいね」 ジャンさん:「そんなことないよ。マイクさん…………...
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What does なんと mean here? [duplicate]

I'm reading this introduction to mahjong, and found this use of なんと I cannot match to anything in Daijisen. 1回目のツモがまったく関係ない西で、そこでローワンをアンカンしたら、なんとリンシャンからイーソウをツモ。 As I understand it, the line means ...
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293 views

What is the correct parsing of お高くとまる?

I had always thought that the phrase お高くとまる consisted of the adverbial お高く combined with the verb とまる. I never actually paid much attention to the literal meaning since it is obviously a figurative ...
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49 views

Listing nouns (using “and”)

I'm practicing particles as well as general grammar and I'm wondering if this is an accurate translation of the English statement: "I like sunshine, candy, and apples." 私は日光やキャンディやりんごが好きです。 I have ...
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79 views

に or で in the sentence pattern “ニュース(に/で)、…という報道があった”

I made the following sentence: テレビ東京は、政治に関するニュースに、(中略)という報道があった However, a Japanese friend of mine advised that I should replace the particle に with で. I googled and found a similar sentence, and ...
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56 views

より vs から to mean “from”

Suppose person A writes a letter to someone. I think the standard way for A to sign it off would be 「Aより」. Would it still be correct if I replaced より with から? Is there any difference in formality ...
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79 views

Using 場合 with adjectives

I was learning the uses of 場合は from japanesetest4you.com (in the sense "in the event of"), and couldn't help but notice that, although it behaves like a noun, its uses with adjectives were not listed. ...
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Can 「に」, 「は」 and 「を」 be used as 終助詞 (particles at the end of the sentence)?

I would like to understand more about the practical use of the shūjoshi. な、かしら、かな、の、ぜ、わ、こと were some I found. But I already saw に、は、を being used in the same way. Are they also shūjoshi?
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How is the passive form used with を?

I encountered this sentence in my textbook: いつか、日本人政治家の中にも世界で尊敬され、名前を知られるような人物が現れるようになるには、まず日本国民一人一人の意識を変えるべきなのだろう。 In all cases of passive form that I learned so far, I only ever seen it used ...
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の and が before 丘 [duplicate]

光が丘 and 梅が丘 are places in Tokyo, and 平和の丘 is a place in Okinawa. Why is the particle が used in the first two names? Why isn't の used like in 平和の丘?
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163 views

Rain in the city

東京は今雨が降っている。 literally: Tokyo now rain is falling. Question: why Tokyo is [wa]-ed but not [ni]-ed? Is it allowed to say the same idea in English manner like this? 東京に今雨は降っている。 東京では今雨は降っている。 ...
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Professional Titles for Engineer

I am setting up a Japanese language profile in LinkedIn. I am a Nuclear Engineer, but am unsure exactly how that profession is worded in japanese. The two options that seem most appropriate are: ...
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317 views

Meaning of もてり and use of が

白き布 もて盤上を 磨きたり 人は心に 鏡をもてり。 Is もてり 持てる? If so, in that case why does a potential verb have the が particle?
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Do へ帰る and に帰る carry the same meaning? [duplicate]

I'm having trouble distinguishing the difference between に and へ with directional verbs and came about two usages where the translation was the same.
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54 views

place+にて background

I was listening to the Final Fantasy X soundtrack the other day, specifically the famous track To Zanarkand which has the Japanese title of ザナルカンドにて and I realized I don't have a clue what function ...
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447 views

How to parse 「場合でも」

I was standing at a urinal recently as tried to read the note on the top surface. It was as follows:  人がいない場合でも水が流れることがあります Based (mostly) on the words and context I would expect this to mean ...
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「捨ててしまう」Why are there two て’s used here?

The full sentence was : 「捨ててしまうのはもったいないと思って」 I think to throw away (something) is a waste But why are there two て’s? Why is it not 捨てしまう?
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149 views

Why is に marking time and not で?

As i have learned, the に particle is marking the target of the verb. And it make sense for most cases i have seen except for time. How exactly can time be the target of any verb? wouldn't it make more ...
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61 views

先に used with nouns

I quite often come across sentences that post-fixes 先に to a place. For example: xxx駅先に各駅に止まります or 待ち合わせ先に直帰 I know that 先 can either mean before or after, and after reading Takumi Sueda's answer to ...
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Use of が in プラス50円でキャラメルラテかカフェラテがお選び頂けますが。

I've found this sentence in a lesson about ordering food: プラス50円でキャラメルラテかカフェラテがお選び頂けますが。 A Starbucks employee says this to a customer. The meaning should be "If you pay 50 extra yen, you can get ...
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117 views

って as the equivalent of は

-あっ、トロが来た。 -トロって何ですか。 I have read that って is the equivalent of the topic marker は. (is これって何ですか just as natural as これは何ですか?) Are there situations when we can't use って instead of は?
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さえなっている even becoming [closed]

I am having difficulty figuring out the meaning of this sentence. This is from a Pokémon commercial which is 30 seconds long. I am posting the full transcript and a translation I received just for ...
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195 views

What does というように mean?

I've been seeing this structure a lot lately, and I feel like it takes on different meanings depending on how it's used. Basically I understand it as: Quotative と + いう(to say, define etc.) + ように (...
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108 views

How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...
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144 views

How does が mark the subject in this sentence?

I'm trying to understand the way が is used in the following sentence: すると、難しい講義を聞いた後では平均123ミリグラムも上がった血糖値が、面白い話を聞いて笑った後では、平均77ミリグラムしか上がらなかったという結果が出たそうです。 In this case I believe it is a "subject " ...
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89 views

What is the difference between と話す and に話す

Just as the title says, I'd like to know the difference between 先生に話す and 先生と話す, since they are both correct (if I'm wrong please correct me)
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116 views

The difference between Verbても and Verbてでも

The difference between Verbても and Verbてでも was discussed in a thread here but I felt it wasn't fully clarified there. This difference is rarely mentioned in textbooks, as far as I can tell. So I ...
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111 views

Is it possible to use the 〜たい form with the particle が instead of を? [duplicate]

For example, 寿司【すし】を食【た】べたい。 寿司【すし】が食【た】べたい。 If it is possible, then what is the difference in meaning or nuance? Thank you.
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64 views

What is the purpose of the か in this sentence?

「僕達はあなたがどれほど頑張っているか心配です」 I know that 「か」in the middle of a sentence can be used for embedded questions or as "or," but I don't see any of that here.
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155 views

で in the copula である

I have always wondered where the で in ~である (and ~でございます) comes from. In the answer to the question 「です」, what is it really? Is my analysis correct?, Eiríkr Útlendi states that the で in ~である is the ...
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124 views

How is Volitional + と used in these sentences?

In these sentences, I don't understand this particular use of volitional + と. It seems that it's interchangeable with ように or ために in these cases. But I've never seen Volitional + と used like this. ...