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Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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Usage of で after みんな

これしかないから みんなでどうにかやってきたんだろう In the sentence above, why after みんな, instead of particle は or particle が, particle で is used?
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Particle “に” in sentences with “です” and “あります”

I do not quite understand why some sentences do not need particle に. For example: いすはテーブルの上です Instead, is it gramatically correct to say: いすはテーブルの上にです Like in this sentence: いすはテーブルの上にあります ...
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1answer
63 views

「に」used to signify addition? [duplicate]

There are several instances where I noticed people use に to mean something along the lines of "and". Here's an example: https://youtu.be/3cjyUg-XjjU?t=24 I think the narrator says, "修理人が使う道具は、牛の皮、...
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Sentence-ending で in a formal context

I am aware that there is another question that talks about sentence-ending で. But the example in that question is in an informal setting. I have an example of a sentence-ending で in a newspaper ...
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日本語教室 versus 日本語の教室 [duplicate]

I know that it's correct to say 日本語教室, and it's also correct to say 日本語の教室. I am confused by 日本語教室. From my understanding, the particle の connects 2 nouns. For example, さくら大学の学生 (there is no particle ...
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Grammatic relationships inside a sentence - parsing

once again I need again your help: I have this sentence and also its translation (same auther/text as here) : まだどこにも兆{きざ}していない死苦{しく}が、感覚{かんかく}を灼{や}けた鉄{てつ}のように真赤{まっか}に鍛{きた}えてくれるのを感{かん}じた。 I think I ...
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Using the particle と instead of the particle で [duplicate]

Can I say 家族と instead of 家族で in the sentence below? 今年の夏、私は家族で山の中にあるホテルに泊まりました。 If I can, how does the meaning of the sentence change if I use the different particle? Another example: 兄弟で遊びます。 ...
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How to use 方 correctly

Please read the passage: 四山市のごみの捨て方をお知らせします。4つのごみ箱があります。そして、捨てる日が違います。また、捨てる所も決まっています。注意してください。 Why should we say 捨てる日 and 捨てる所, but 捨て方?(方 is a noun too, just like 日 and 所) + Why don't they use ...
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Why is it necessary to add く in the following なる sentence?

This is the full sentence: お酒を飲みすぎると、気持ち悪くなる。 なる here means "to reach a certain state." The rest is easy to translate. The only thing that confuses me is く. What does it mean here and why is it ...
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Why is 英語教師 possible but 英語先生 not possible?

Why is it ok to say both 英語教師 and 英語の教師 but not 英語先生, just 英語の先生?
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123 views

Difference in sentences (と and に)

I'm having a little trouble understanding the difference in these two contexts. What would be the difference between these two sentences. 友達に晩ご飯を食べました 友達と晩ご飯をたべました My understanding is that ...
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The Word ま By Itself

What does ま mean in this sentence? いつのまに[降]{ふ}り[止]{や}んだ Bonus question: What is the function of の in this sentence?
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Can you use で to refer to abstract locations? [duplicate]

This is probably a pretty basic question, but I'm having trouble finding an answer both here and with Google: Can you use 「で」to refer to abstract locations, like "in the video" or "on twitter"? ...
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Usage of the Particle で alone and with は

I understand what the particle で does as far as describing how or where an action took place. But I notice that I run into で many other times where it seems to have a different function. Could ...
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1answer
107 views

ぬ in place of の

The lyrics of the song go like this: 教科書に書いてある事だけじゃわからない 大切な物がきっとここにあるはずさ それが島人ぬ宝 Why is ぬ used where の is expected? It this something Okinawan?
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What is the nuance of か and ね together, e.g. ありませんかね?

A friend approached me asking what some text meant in this game he was playing which said: スリーサイズを当てるって課題、ありませんかね☆ I feel like I understand the gist of what this means but I've been unable to ...
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What is the particle には doing in this sentence?

What does the bolded には mean in the following sentence? 貫くような衝撃が顎から脳天を突き抜け、次第に目の前が真っ白になってゆく感覚に襲われる中、耳には銀髪の外国人の興奮した声が入ってきていた。
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How to say “even” for the last item in an enumeration?

The context I want to say is as follows. People who always complain about their jobs, working partners, and even the company while still taking the salary look like ones who spit into their own ...
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1answer
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Particles equivalent to english 'about'

I am trying to learn how to say 'to talk/write/read about smth' in Japanese, since corrections natives make to my sentences seems not to be very consistent. For example, let us consider a phrase 'I ...
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Ending sentences with “、と。”

I've seen sentences ending with "、と。" many times in some particular texts. Here are some examples: Example 1 (source: 嫌われる勇気 by 岸見一郎) 青年 先生は「すべての悩みは対人関係の悩みである」とおっしゃる。裏を返せば、われわれの幸福もまた、...
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といったら vs. とは - subtle differences?

Question from my JLPT N1 text book: 佐藤さんのセンスの良さ______...。本当に感心します。(fill in the blank) I have a choice of というと、とは、and といったら。 といったら is correct but I can't fathom how とは is not an option as the text says ...
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'mo' and 'demo' pronounciation research

I am looking for a native speaker who could answer the following question: Is there any difference in pronunciation of the morpheme 'mo' in the following words (are there any differences in tone): ...
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What does どうなちきつたんだよオ mean?

I am trying to learn a lot by reading, but I am having a lot of trouble with this phrase/sentence: どうなちきつたんだよオ Now, this is from a manga (Akira, specifically) so I'm guessing it's some kind of ...
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2answers
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Particles and noun-modifiers

This morning I read a sentence translated as follows: 私は 部屋{へや} に かざる物{もの} を あげました。 I offered her things to decorate her room. It made me think about the following different English sentence, ...
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555 views

Using two を particles in one sentence

When you left-click an image on the internet using chrome you are presented with, amongst others, this option: 名前を付けて画像を保存... which I imagine is, in its full form 名前を付けて画像を保存する. In this ...
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Using the を particle correctly

Im reading up again on how particles should be used properly in Japanese. Writing this sentence: 「私の車を壊れてです。」I am trying to say, "my car is broken." Now, using the guide in the link given here it ...
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What does かは mean?

I wrote a sentence that I was trying to mean "But, I don't know if it's correct", and the Japanese person corrected it so this is the result: でも、これが正しい翻訳かはわからない My best guess is that the particle ...
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What's the difference between particles と and も?

From what I understand, they both can mean "and" and "also" or something, but I don't entirely get the difference. Please try to explain in as simple of terms as possible!
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Use of も in 一緒に写真を撮ってもいいですか?

I understand the sentence "Can I take a picture with you?" in Japanese overall, but I am a bit confused as for why one can use the particle も in the sentence? What does it do? Thanks for the help! C
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Prolonged sounds in place of an を

I have noticed them in speech in several expressions: ざまあみろ 手エ、出して 気イ抜くなよ They are clearly an informal (if i have got it right) variant of を. But how common is this phenomenon? What ...
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using wa or ga. about particles [duplicate]

I started to learn Japanese grammar yesterday,so I am kinda of new to this. My question is this: in an example in my textbook it says : すしは食べた。 Sushi wa tabeta. I ate sushi. (Literally: As for ...
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What does 弟は友だちの大きいくるまで学校に行きます properly translate to?

I was asked to translate the following sentence: 弟は友だちの大きいくるまで学校に行きます。 I first split it up (in my head) so it looks easier to read, whilst recognising the particles. 弟は 友だちの 大きい くるまで ...
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Contradictory Usage of だろう・でしょう [duplicate]

I continue seeing sentences that (based on my knowledge) seem to contain conflicting usages of だろう・でしょう. 「妻はルイヴィトンのバッグを欲しがっているんだけど、そんなもん、買えるわけないでしょう! 」 To my understanding わけがない is an expression ...
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Direct objects of motion verbs and help with the difference between を and に

まちをぶらぶらあるく。 English translation: Walk aimlessly through town. I understand that aimlessly walk takes the object town and that’s why we use を, but wouldn’t it make more sense to use に as the town is ...
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動詞の前の「と」の使い方と意味

どうしてこの下の文章で「と」を使われましたか。 一、二年とうけもたれた先生。 この「と」の使い方と意味を説明していただけませんか。 よろしくお願いします。
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What is the function of を in this sentence? [duplicate]

彼は高齢を理由に社長を辞めたよ。 I found this example sentence in some core flashcards, and the translation says He gave up the company presidency due to age. Which makes sense to me, but I don't understand the ...
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Which is the verb belonging to the particle を?

recently I stumbled upon a sentence in Yukio Mishima's 憂国{ゆうこく} - "Patriotism". It is BTW part Japanese/English parallel text stories, so I basically know what it intends to say but I simply can't ...
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What does “とは” mean in these sentences? [duplicate]

I can't understand why "とは" is being used in the following sentences: 1)...質問があります。その質問とは、「なぜ、皆マスクをしているの?」... 2) 花粉症とは、植物の花粉によって起こるアレルギーです。
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What's the difference between particle へ and を?

Whats the difference between these particles and these two sentences? 国へ帰ります 国を帰ります Don't they both mean "I return to the country"? or A. おかあさんはみせへいく。 B. おかあさんはみせをいく。 Are those both correct ways ...
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Use of の in colored objects [duplicate]

It seems to me that some colors need の when describing an item, yet others don't. For example: 黄色のくつ (Yellow shoes; has の) 赤いくつ (Red shoes; no の) オレンジ色のくつ (Orange shoes; has の) 青いくつ (Blue shoes; no ...
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Why な instead of の is used in the anime title “はるかなレシーブ”?

There is an anime named "はるかなレシーブ" this season. While the official English name is just using the Romaji (i.e. Harukana Receive) instead of translating the meaning, from the Chinese official ...
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が particles and their usages

A follow-up to Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip? I'm currently aware of the following が particles / usages: 1) Subject marker (exhaustive listing). I think it can appear at the end if ...
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Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip?

Audio Clip Is something being omitted here? Is it just a figure of speech?
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How many of Japanese text can be written using only kanji?

With many frequent words normally written in kana having their rare kanji (looking at ‘ya, 一寸待{ちょっとま}って!), one starts to wonder of an exercise: is it even possible to rewrite any complete text using ...
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"と使います”, Why と is used instead of を?

I am preparing for my exam and have a question about the purpose of using と in a sentence. Does anyone know why と is used but not を before the verb 使います in the sentence below? Thanks so much! ...
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Why is there a 'な' before ’ので’ in this sentence? [duplicate]

このバックパックはよさそうなので、買うつもりです。 'Because this backpack looks good, I intend to buy it.' Following ~sou there is a 'na' placed before the 'node'. Why is this the case? Is it because of the ~sou implemented ...
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208 views

「が」 meaning “or”

I found this sentence in a game manual: 16回に1度、グリーンがブルーのかわりに出現。 Unfortunately I don’t understand why there is 「が」 used between the two color names. The sentence clearly means that this red candy ...
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1answer
90 views

What is the exact meaning of “Xのは”? [duplicate]

I just came across this sentence: 日本語を上手に話すのは難しい。 While I do understand the meaning overall, I am confused as for why it's 話すのは instead of 話すは. If anybody could explain what のは means, that'd be ...
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Which is preferred, 気が遠くなるほど or 気の遠くなるほど? [duplicate]

Considering the expression 気が遠くなるほど to describe something of a large scale or hard to conceive, is the variant 気の遠くなるほど also correct and is there any difference in meaning or nuance? Is there any sort ...
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1answer
83 views

I do not understand why と is incorrect when trying to say “both” [duplicate]

Before I begin, this post is unrelated, despite the similar title. Here was the question: My father and mother both are English teachers. 父と母は英語の先生です。 父も母も英語の先生です。 父も母も英語先生です。 ...