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助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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What is the function of を in this sentence? [duplicate]

彼は高齢を理由に社長を辞めたよ。 I found this example sentence in some core flashcards, and the translation says He gave up the company presidency due to age. Which makes sense to me, but I don't understand the ...
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1answer
155 views

Which is the verb belonging to the particle を?

recently I stumbled upon a sentence in Yukio Mishima's 憂国{ゆうこく} - "Patriotism". It is BTW part Japanese/English parallel text stories, so I basically know what it intends to say but I simply can't ...
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1answer
91 views

What does “とは” mean in these sentences? [duplicate]

I can't understand why "とは" is being used in the following sentences: 1)...質問があります。その質問とは、「なぜ、皆マスクをしているの?」... 2) 花粉症とは、植物の花粉によって起こるアレルギーです。
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100 views

What's the difference between particle へ and を?

Whats the difference between these particles and these two sentences? 国へ帰ります 国を帰ります Don't they both mean "I return to the country"? or A. おかあさんはみせへいく。 B. おかあさんはみせをいく。 Are those both correct ways ...
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44 views

Use of の in colored objects [duplicate]

It seems to me that some colors need の when describing an item, yet others don't. For example: 黄色のくつ (Yellow shoes; has の) 赤いくつ (Red shoes; no の) オレンジ色のくつ (Orange shoes; has の) 青いくつ (Blue shoes; no ...
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1answer
106 views

Why な instead of の is used in the anime title “はるかなレシーブ”?

There is an anime named "はるかなレシーブ" this season. While the official English name is just using the Romaji (i.e. Harukana Receive) instead of translating the meaning, from the Chinese official ...
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82 views

が particles and their usages

A follow-up to Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip? I'm currently aware of the following が particles / usages: 1) Subject marker (exhaustive listing). I think it can appear at the end if ...
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2answers
180 views

Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip?

Audio Clip Is something being omitted here? Is it just a figure of speech?
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0answers
68 views

How many of Japanese text can be written using only kanji?

With many frequent words normally written in kana having their rare kanji (looking at ‘ya, 一寸待{ちょっとま}って!), one starts to wonder of an exercise: is it even possible to rewrite any complete text using ...
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1answer
61 views

"と使います”, Why と is used instead of を?

I am preparing for my exam and have a question about the purpose of using と in a sentence. Does anyone know why と is used but not を before the verb 使います in the sentence below? Thanks so much! ...
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80 views

Why is there a 'な' before ’ので’ in this sentence? [duplicate]

このバックパックはよさそうなので、買うつもりです。 'Because this backpack looks good, I intend to buy it.' Following ~sou there is a 'na' placed before the 'node'. Why is this the case? Is it because of the ~sou implemented ...
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3answers
165 views

「が」 meaning “or”

I found this sentence in a game manual: 16回に1度、グリーンがブルーのかわりに出現。 Unfortunately I don’t understand why there is 「が」 used between the two color names. The sentence clearly means that this red candy ...
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1answer
61 views

What is the exact meaning of “Xのは”? [duplicate]

I just came across this sentence: 日本語を上手に話すのは難しい。 While I do understand the meaning overall, I am confused as for why it's 話すのは instead of 話すは. If anybody could explain what のは means, that'd be ...
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Which is preferred, 気が遠くなるほど or 気の遠くなるほど? [duplicate]

Considering the expression 気が遠くなるほど to describe something of a large scale or hard to conceive, is the variant 気の遠くなるほど also correct and is there any difference in meaning or nuance? Is there any sort ...
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1answer
65 views

I do not understand why と is incorrect when trying to say “both” [duplicate]

Before I begin, this post is unrelated, despite the similar title. Here was the question: My father and mother both are English teachers. 父と母は英語の先生です。 父も母も英語の先生です。 父も母も英語先生です。 ...
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この下の文章の「は」はどういう意味ですか。 [duplicate]

「そりゃあ、人間だって勉強しなけりゃ、字を読んだり書いたりできるようにはならない。」
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1answer
77 views

Why is だ being used at the end of the following sentence?

This is the full sentence: おかしいけど、中国人を理解するのは難しい。私は日本人を理解する方が簡単だ。 I think I was expecting something like です or よ. I'm really confused about this だ.
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2answers
994 views

Missing particle after など in article about new technologies to monitor employees

I'm reading this article about new technologies that are getting introduced to monitor employees. I am unsure about the following sentence. I do not understand why there isn't a particle or something ...
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1answer
48 views

The usage of 比べて — without saying the thing being compared to?

I want to express: 'He is good at basketball. In comparison, she is less skilled.' My sentence is: 彼はバスケットボールで上手です。彼女は、比べて、下手です。 Is this correct? Please correct me for any errors I've made ...
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1answer
109 views

Confused on use of ため in article about Honda's robot Ashimo [duplicate]

I'm reading this article about Ashimo the robot made by Honda and I don't understand the use of ため in this sentence. I have usually seen ため followed by the particle の or に, but in this case no ...
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1answer
78 views

What's the meaning of こと in this sentence?

聞いたことない! I'm still confused about the meaning of こと. But I think it means "this," "that," "about," and maybe "it." So, this sentence could be translated as: "I've never heard of this/that/it!" But ...
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1answer
81 views

What particle to use in this sentence? [closed]

I want to say “I like spending lunchtimes with Sarah.” (Sarah is a fill-in name) I am absolutely clueless, because I’ve only done Japanese for a semester at school (but I plan on choosing it as a ...
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1answer
203 views

What does よ bring in 「〜ないでよね」?

I sometimes hear or read sentences such as: 行かないでよね! 聞かないでよね! I get 「行かないでね!」and 「行かないでよ!」 but I wonder what nuance is added when both of them are used like in these examples. I have the feeling ...
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1answer
132 views

How to say 'It differs depending on the person'

Would the following sentence be correct? 人によってちがいます。 Or would it make more sense to use '人々'? As in; 人々によってちがいます。
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1answer
70 views

How to say 'Exercise is also very important' (Hontō ni)

In context, I'm attempting to say 'For the sake of a long life, eating well is important but exercise is also very important'. So far I have: 長生きのために よく食べることが大切ですが、運動も本当に大切です。 Is the usage of ...
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1answer
87 views

Is it usual for men to use な instead of ね?

I was surprised when in this video: https://youtu.be/m9rf63DsN-s?t=2m44s I heard ごめんな instead of ごめんね. Is this because men ten to use な instead of ね? So maybe men would say, for example, 怖いな ...
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3answers
114 views

What's the role of the に particle in this sentence?

I'm having trouble to understand why the ni particle is being used here. ギルダが「情報源」? 本当にギルダ…? That's a part of Yakusoku no Neverland manga, when Emma (one of the main characters) is doubting if Gilda ...
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1answer
84 views

What's the use of ね in the following two sentences?

私はそろそろ寝るね。 I understand ね as is it? or isn't it (I think it has other uses)? But in the example above: I will go to bed early. I can't see any possible use for ね. Maybe it could act as "okay?" ...
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I don't understand the role of the に particle in this sentence?

The definition of 募集【ぼしゅう】 given in an article by NHK News Web Easy is 人や作品などを、大勢の人に呼びかけて集めること. I don't know what is the role of the に particle in that sentence, is it marking the subject of the ...
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2answers
105 views

Why do you use に with 欲しい?

I recently encountered the sentence 「あなたに嬉しくなって欲しい」, which means “I want you to be happy.” Why is に used to mark “you”? If you rephrase the sentence as 「あなたが嬉しくなることが欲しい」, the meaning still comes ...
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1answer
106 views

何とも Usage and Meaning

象は 大きい。 象は おりに入れた。 象は えさをやった。 象は 鼻が長い。 などの文では、「象は」はいずれも題目を示している。4の「象は」は「象が」に言い換えられるもので、事実上は文の主語を兼ねる。しかし、5以下は「象が」には言い換えられない。5は「象を」のことであり、6は「象に」のことである。さらに、7の「象は」は何とも言い換えられないものである(「...
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1answer
82 views

Turning down an invitation: grammar question

Turning down an invitation For some reason I got it into my head that すみませんがちょっと was a way to turn down an invitation. But for example say you were asked to do X at time Y, and you want to do X but ...
2
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2answers
364 views

How do I ask about the specifics of a general activity (like watching TV, reading) with correct grammar?

For example, テレビをみませ is "I will watch TV". I would like to say なにをテレビをみますか but I'm not sure the double を makes any sense, for example in なにをみますか the person may answer テレビ but I want to know what is on ...
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2answers
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Who is the subject of すきです?

I am a beginner in Japanese language and I started studying particles は and が and I wanted a confirmation to make sure I understand things properly. When it comes to saying "I like you", it should be ...
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2answers
81 views

Differences between いる and まつ

I understand what the verb まつ (wait) means fairly clearly but my book has no example of いる in a sentence and its definition seems to be similar except it uses が and に as particles for some reason? ...
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1answer
56 views

とやら in direct addressing

I encountered this sentence. 「○○とやら、渡してはならんぞ。」 The meaning is quite obvious: “○○, you mustn’t give it to them!” The mystery to me is the とやら there. The meaning of “somebody called ○○” doesn’t fit ...
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1answer
41 views

How to indicate where you are taking something out of?

If I wanted to say that I am taking meat out of the fridge, would I say 冷蔵庫に肉を出す, or should I use a different particle other than に after 冷蔵庫?
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1answer
51 views

How do you use “ああして” and “もんね”

context are from here, it's a comic sample 相棒をああして亡くしたショックで退職したもんね…かわいそうに I would like to ask The meaning of ああして Can we tell the subject/the one who killed 相棒 from "相棒をああして亡くした"? The meaning of ...
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1answer
66 views

Why there is a “を” in この素晴らしい世界に祝福を and not a “が”? [duplicate]

この素晴らしい世界に祝福を! is translated to English as "A blessing to this wonderful world!" . Why is there a "を" and not a "が" in this sentence? In Spanish (and I assume also in English) "a blessing" would be ...
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1answer
72 views

The role of か in [VERB+か+のNOUN]

The following is from one of the definitions of a word in goo辞書: どちらに傾くかの度合い I do not understand why か is used here instead of こと. Usually, I would expect to see の (or こと) nominalize a verb. ...
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1answer
187 views

Why isn't 笑う usually used with に particle?

From what I understand, there are two types of intransitive verbs (might be wrong) The intransitive verb can act with a direct object or direction with the particle に 私は学校に行きます。 私は友達に会います。 ...
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1answer
52 views

Meaning and usage of “だっておる/だっており”

日本での並び方は、先に来た人から順番に一列に並び、空いたカウンターに、列の一番前の人が向かいます。見た目にも秩序だっており、列が一列しかないので、割り込みも容易ではありません。このような並び方を、フォーク並びといいます。 This だっており confuses me a lot, because I cannot figure out its meaning and usage after ...
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1answer
81 views

「砂を噛むように味__ない。」: Which particle(s) to use best, and how do the meanings differ?

The sentence I encountered was originally: 「砂を噛むように味のない。」 Which I would translate as follows: (Something) lacks taste so much that it is just like chewing on sand. *Don't try this at home. I ...
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1answer
170 views

か as a suffix to mean “a few”: Why is 何__かがVERB not allowed

Here is yet another puzzling sentence for me from a dictionary I am using: 何ページ か 欠けている。 A few pages are missing. (研究社) My understanding is that while 何ページ ambiguously means "what/which/how many ...
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1answer
334 views

What is an emphatic particle?

The explanation I have found says that it is a particle on the end of the sentence. However, in the book I am reading (An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese) it is stated that も is an ...
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1answer
51 views

水面*が*月を映していた: Is に interchangeable?

澄んだ水面 が 月を映していた。 Under the 映す entry in a dictionary (ルミナス、研究社), I found the sample sentence in question among others. However, I couldn't understand why only in this particular sentence is が used in ...
4
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2answers
120 views

What would happen if I use は or が in 今日何を食べたいですか?

今日何を食べたいですか What do you want to eat today? In other words, what would happen if I say: 今日何は食べたいですか ? 今日何が食べたいですか ? (I want to know the rough meaning of the sentence even if the sentence is ...
4
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4answers
130 views

あ、バス、(a. 行かないと b. 行っちゃった)。How come answer a is not right?

I am currently preparing for the N3 with the 日本語総まとめ books and one question confuses me: あ、バス、(a. 行かないと b. 行っちゃった)。 Supposedly, a. is wrong while b. is correct. But doesn't a. sound more ...
2
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1answer
119 views

Sentence structure of いつだって不安な朝は迎え難い 今日くらい大丈夫だって言って

What is the sentence structure of this sentence, which is from the lyrics of this song? I'm lost. How to understand くらい? いつだって不安な朝は迎え難い 今日くらい大丈夫だって言って Does the sentence mean: Mornings of anxiety ...
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2answers
88 views

Is それ何語 the informal version of それは何語ですか?

I heard (maybe I misheard) someone say それ何語? It seems to be the informal version of それは何語ですか? However, I was a bit surprised to see は ommited. Is それ何語 a very informal version of それは何語ですか? Is the ...