Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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Particle usage: 払う vs 買う

The following Japanese example sentences were taken from either Google Books or Jisho. The best examples I could find. I also included some translations and explanations of my own. Please point out ...
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も after dictionary form of a verb [duplicate]

From Komi-san, volume 1, page 61. I understand the second sentence to be "after that, he asked several people, but got the same kind of response, and now he's like this" But what on earth is ...
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Looking for a certain symbol [closed]

This is for a court date... Please do not downvote this, I am in desperate need of help and have been searching the internet for days to no avail. If you have any heart at all and can't answer it, ...
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A couple translations I'm not exactly why or think I'm correct on why it is

面白い事件が起こりました。- This translates to "An interesting incident occurred" instead of "I caused an interesting incident" is because of the indicative form of 起こ which indicates an event ...
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What's going on with the particles in this causative sentence?

余計にテンションが上がる健一に俺は思うわず顔を引き攣らせる。 Why is the one making someone else to do the action (健一) marked with に, marker for the doer of the verb?. If 引き攣る is transitive then maybe it's correct but it's ...
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Why are もらう、習う、教わる、借りる and 聞くthe only transitive verbs that behave like they are in passive conjugation? Is there a name for this category of verb?

もらう、習う、教わる、借りる and 聞く (in its "to hear from" meaning) and their honorifics I'm pretty sure are the only verbs where に and から are somewhat interchangeable in their active form, in that に ...
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What is this な? 「変態」ってな

(ナオト) お前のパンツ買うの忘れた。 (真由)  それぐらい ちゃんと持ってきてます。 変態。 (ナオト) お前 「変態」ってな…。(source) (桐乃) あんたが沙織とこそこそ仲よくなったりしたから、ややこしいことになったんじゃない (京介) っていうか、興味津々じゃねえか! (桐乃) うるさい!あんたこそ、何よ、あやせ見て デレーっとして。人の親友をあんな目で見んな!変態! (京介) ...
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て in place of は [duplicate]

ロンドンてどんな町かなと思っていたんです。 Why is て, not は, used in the sentence? This looks like a place for the topic marker…
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た particle usage in のど乾いた

I was watching an anime and the character said something along the lines of "のど乾{かわ}いたね~". This would mean something like "I'm thirsty" (looking at the previous dialogues, this was ...
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Natural Particle Order

A site (Suki Desu) claims one way to think about the natural order of particles is wa > ni > de > wo (though the full article is more in-depth). Is this correct, or a good general rule to ...
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Particle Emphasis

Can the wa particle replace de, ni, wo, or he? Take the following sentence: Watashi ga Sakura ni Booru wo Koen de Nageru Can I do this instead: Booru wa Watashi ga Sakura ni Koen de Nageru Sakura ...
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When do I have to use "place + de" instead of "place + de wa" at the begining of a sentence?

At the beginning of sentences, I usually see words referencing to a placing being followed by "de wa". For example, 日本では見れないという I thought that when you started sentences with a place you ...
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Can someone explain this sentence プロ向けなんですけどね [duplicate]

Using deepl the sentence プロ向けなんですけどね translates to It's for professionals. I'm confused after analyzing the sentence bit by bit as it seems to have a nuance that I cannot grasp. It seems like プロ向けなんです ...
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ながら for a sequence of actions? アカウントを変えながら使っています

アカウントを変えながら使っています。 A native Japanese speaking friend said this in a text, talking about their social media account. I couldn't figure out what the line meant because ながら's "while" usage ...
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Why is there no を in 二人とも自分の話ばかりして?

I'm reading this story and am trying to understand the structure of this sentence: 二人{ふたり}とも自{じ}分{ぶん}の話{はなし}ばかりして、人{ひと}の話{はなし}を聞{き}きません。 In the second part, 話 is used with the direct object particle ...
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Understanding もな

「お前それさえ言っときゃ済むと思ってんな!? 謝れっつってんじゃねえよ改善しろっつってんだよ。いつか死ぬぞあんな無茶な戦い方しやがって! 代えの部品が底ついたってのに、次の補充まで修理できねぇぞ!」 「二号機が」 「ああ有るなぁどっかの戦隊長が毎っ回毎っ回機体ぶっ壊すせいで置いてある予備が二機もな! 他のプロセッサーの三倍も整備の手間かけさせやがって、てめぇ何様だ王子様か!?」 From 86─...
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What is the meaning of も in this sentence?

So this is the sentence in question: 義理チョコをもらっても嬉しくないでしょう? What I don't understand is the exact purpose of the last も in もらっても. I have 2 different interpretations: It's there to emphasize 嬉しくない. It'...
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78 views

What does 上げた方が mean here?

Someone pretends to drop a cake on the ground that was intended for friend, then reveals the real cake was elsewhere. 気分を落としてから上げた方が喜びが倍増するってきいたから I feel its saying something akin to I'd heard that ...
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What's the use of に in「古見さんに友達が増えた」?

This question on Reddit piqued my interest, and as of now doesn't have an adequate answer. The sentence in question is: 古見さんに友達が増えた. Komi-san made a new friend. I know に is a very versatile case ...
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「ちょっといいだか」と言う表現は茨城弁?

ビーデルさん、ちょっといいだか?(source) 少将、ちょっといいだか?(source) と、ずっと横で聞いていたシャンロウが手を挙あげて、「ちょっといいだか?」と発言を求めた。(source) 「ちょっといいだか?」「なんです?」ウドリガが出ていこうとした職員を呼び止める。(source) This seems to contradict what we know about だか: ...
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verb+方 particle rules when preceded by more than one noun

When using verb+方, does the rule of converting a に or を particle to の only apply to noun closest to verb+方 or does it apply farther? For example, if I want to say I want to know how to turn a ...
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Usage of では in this sentence

I have read some topics about usage of では on the internet, like で for places, means, tools and は to mark the subject, argument,... However, I can't apply those to explain meaning of では in this ...
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Do native/fluent speakers filter out (and "reconstruct") some particles they hear?

When I started learning Japanese, one of the many things that I struggled with was registering the one-syllable particles that I heard when practicing listening. This was especially difficult for long ...
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と vs や when emphasizing specific elements within a larger list

Let's say there are various fruits on a table and someone asks me which ones I'd like to eat. I want to answer with something along the lines of : "I especially want to eat the apples and bananas ...
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What does へ mean at the end of this sentence?

Just wondering what へ means in this context. 日本郵政「かんぽの宿」すべて売却へ Seems like it might be implying that the "Kanpo no Yado" are going to sell off all its assets but I'm a little confused as to ...
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How do I differentiate で as the て form of nouns and で the particle?

I have difficulty differentiating between the 2 of them. This is a sentence I recently come across: 俺は見学でいいですか?It looks simple but I'm not sure which で is being used here. My guess is that it's the te ...
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Are で and に particles interchangeable when using them with 乗ります and 降ります verbs?

I'm reading a book that translates these two sentences as following: スミスさんは東京駅で電車に乗ります。-> Mr. Smith will get on the train at Tokyo Station. スミスさんは新宿駅で電車を降ります。-> Mr. Smith will get off the train ...
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201 views

Why is を used instead of が in the following sentence ending in 名詞+だ?

I came across this sentence in my textbook: 日本人はなぜ欧米人を野蛮人だと思ったのでしょうか。 I would expect が or perhaps a contrastive は instead of を, but I can't understand why を is used given that in the clause ...
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Can に乗る contain a place/direction and is it the same as [vehicle]で 行く?

In the Busuu course I'm taking I learned the word 乗る and that it means something like "take" or "ride". For that purpose I used the structure [vehicle]で 行く up until now. I ...
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204 views

How will you break down this part of a sentence? "弊社現在vtuberなどで使用されるアバターの制作"

初めて。dm失礼いたします。こちら株式会社companyname営業部門となります。弊社現在vtuberなどで使用されるアバターの制作並びに、コミュニティー事業をしている者なのですがまだ活動をされていない方あるいはすでにvtuber活動をされている方も含めてvtuberにご興味がある方を探しておりまして、ご自身、...
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Do/can vs would/could in Japanese and the usage of ん and が? [closed]

Contextually, in Japanese, is there a difference between "do" and "would"? Similarly with "can" and "could"? On a side note, what's the purpose/rule for ん and ...
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よろしく as particle/adverb meaning ように?

Recently I came across an unfamiliar usage of よろしくnamely よろしくas an particle? adverb? Probably it means something like ~ように。I was told it gives the sentence an "ironic" nuance but I am not ...
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After the question particle か can I put the particle に?

I was writing and wanted to put something that would be translated as "pay attention/be careful with the one you are provided with." I was going to write 「どっちが与えられるかに気をつけろ」but I felt that it ...
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(そして彼女は窓際の壁を背に床に座り込む) - What does 壁を背に床に座り込む mean? [duplicate]

そして彼女は窓際の壁を背に床に座り込む。 - And then she sat against the wall to the side of the window. Judging the meaning, I think I managed to grasp what it means but I'm confused about how this sentence works. I ...
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~ごろ or ~ぐらい for non-clock points in time?

This is probably a ridiculously simple question, but somehow I've been unable to pin down the answer myself. To say "about / approximately" for non-clock points in time, do you use ごろ or ...
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Usage of なら in this sentence

I came across this sentence recently: 日本語ならちょっと喋れるよ The translation given was 'I speak a little Japanese.' I am struggling to understand how なら functions as a particle here, since from what I have ...
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Meaning of ど in 碧羅の天へ誘えど?

It's been years, and I still don't know what the ど in this song title means. It doesn't seem like it's 度{ど}, and I've tried looking up ど as a suffix many times before but the most I've come up with is ...
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102 views

meaning of で言っても? [closed]

Found this sentence: 人生経験で言っても、十数年引きこもっていた俺よりも、彼の方が上なんだろう。 Is it a grammatical structure or am I missing something?
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What is the use of で here?

In the sentence “レジャーが目的で行く“ what does the で express here? Does に work here? I was trying to compare it to the 〜しに行く, like 勉強しに行く.I understand that 目的 is a noun so there is no ます form. What if I want ...
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Vmasuながらじゃなくて - Why is じゃなくて used with ながら?

泣きながらじゃなくて、こんな風に言ってごらん "Say it like this, don't say it while crying" I seem to understand how it works I think. I think I got confused since the Vmasuながら verb is the secondary action in ...
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127 views

What does 私が心の底から面白いと笑って読める小説 mean?

私が心の底から面白いと笑って読める小説をたくさん手に入れることだった。 Does the と quote the 面白い?
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137 views

What does で mean here in this sentence?

みんな同じ地域で小学校から育ってきたところに学年で僕1人だけ渋谷から引っ越して入学したんだよね。 The で here confuses me, here is what I think the translation is and I'm not sure if mine is even correct. When everyone from the same region grew up ...
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What does the し do in this sentence? "あそこのたべものはうまいしねだんもやすいです。" [duplicate]

What does the し do in this sentence? "あそこのたべものはうまいしねだんもやすいです。"
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417 views

Grammar of -がために

I've seen a few sentences with this, "(~る)がために" construction, however whenever I look it up I just get grammar points about "(ないーform)んがために". Is "(~る)がために" just a more ...
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98 views

What does で mean here in "危険を承知で声がした方へ向かう 。"

I'm reading くまクマ熊ベアー and I came upon this sentence  危険かと思ったが初めての人の声だ。危険を承知で声がした方へ向かう。 Would it be acceptable to say "危険を承知して声がした方へ向かう。" What does the で here mean?
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126 views

に in comparison

In a book I'm reading I found this sentence: 歩くと音が出る幼児向け玩具{おもちゃ}に僕みたいなのがあったような気がする I understand it, "I feel there was a children toy which made sounds when you walked, like me"; the ...
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81 views

How should I complete the sentence? [duplicate]

I have the following sentence: 会社は( )ですか。...パワー電気です。 I guess you it should be translated as "What is this company? It's the Power Company"? A classmate suggested: 会社は どこ ですか。...パワー電気です But ...
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61 views

Meaning of か in ーだかわからない

I found this sentence: その晩、夢を見た。いつの事だかわからない。けれども覚えのある光景があった What is the meaning of that か in 「事だかわからない」? Is it there to add a "uncertainty" nuance? or is it something else?
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132 views

Can someone break down this sentence for me?

「人は話せるようになるとすぐ いろいろなことを尋ねます」I would like this sentence to be broken into Subject, Object, Verb... I can only distinguish a few of the particles, and I understand (because of dictionary) that「話せる」means ...
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73 views

what does では do in それが人の本質だからでは

what is the difference between それが人の本質だからでは and それが人の本質だから saw this in an episode of attack on titan

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