Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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79 views

How to tell the function of と at a glance?

国{くに}が今年{ことし}の3[月]{がつ}に調{しら}べると、「[特定]{とくてい}[技能]{ぎのう}」で[働]{はたら}いている人{ひと}は3987[人]{にん}で、考{かんが}えていたよりずっと少{すく}ないことがわかりました。 I’m having difficulty figuring out how と is used here. From past experience it ...
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86 views

Usage of が in this paragraph

Once again I have been stumped over the usage of particles in a passage from my textbook. 先生: 最近、アメリカでも魚や豆腐を食べている人が増えてきたらしいです。 学生: はい。 先生: アメリカでも、ヘルシーな食べ物[が]{L}人気[が]{L}出てきたということです。 The ...
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0answers
20 views

が in ゆえに or んがため; が > の shift? [duplicate]

I am well aware that が and の are interchangeable in cases like this where there is a "subordinate clause" (forgive my imprecise language). However, as I was working through my N1 grammar reviews, I ...
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1answer
117 views

What is the difference between 写真を撮る and 写真に撮る?

As I understood so far, 撮る is a transitive verb, so "to take a photograph" is 写真を撮る in Japanese. However, I've just come across a sentence in my textbook that uses the expression 写真に撮る, and I'm not ...
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1answer
60 views

ことが as an infinitive?

若い時にいい友達『を』作ることはとても大事だ。 “It is very important to make friends when one is young.” “To make” is not a noun, it's an infinitive. It should be “making friends” no? I understand that it turns the verb ...
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1answer
83 views

これで決定 vs これに決めた

Having figured out what to do, the protagonist says「これで決定」. Later, having picked one option out of several, she says 「これに決めた」. What's the difference in the meaning between these, and why are the ...
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32 views

Which is correct: の or を + 勉強に [duplicate]

I recently see this sentence: 日本へ美術の勉強に行きます Previous lesson, I learnt that to express "to learn something", we use the pattern: N (The subject to learn) + を + 勉強する But the first sentence uses ...
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45 views

What's the よ in 武器よさらば? [duplicate]

I just learnt that Hemingway's "Farewell to Arms" in translated in Japanese as 武器よさらば. Is that よ the sentence-end particle for emphasis? Or does it has any other meaning?
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1answer
57 views

What does あったりと mean?

僕の住まう差大角豆(ささげ)町の町並みは都会とは程遠く、木々が街道を飾り、町の至る所に雑木林があったりと、とても長閑(のどか)な町だ。 Is the あったりと connected to the last part of the sentence through the 〜たりする grammar? If so, what does "と" mean in "あったりと"? I know ...
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553 views

Seemingly non-interrogative use of sentence-ending か

I keep on coming across the particle か at the end of sentences without it having a clear or necessary interrogative nuance. An example. The 1st Angel in Neon Genesis Evangelion is regenerating itself ...
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2answers
93 views

Difference between using が and の in these sentences [duplicate]

I have two examples here where the particle の is used where I would've used が so I was hoping someone could explain if there's a difference in these instances, or if either is acceptable. 主人のいない侍 ...
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115 views

Particles じぇ and じょ

I am currently reading the manga 「咲」and the character 片{かた}岡{おか}優{ゆう}希{き} regularly ends her sentences with じょ and じぇ. I will give a few examples (each line isn't related to the next) ...
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44 views

Newspaper sentence translation and interpretation [closed]

I would like to know if my translation of the sentence below is accurate in meaning. If not, could you point out the problematic area? Simply pointing out where I went wrong would be great. No need to ...
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1answer
126 views

How to omit and change female end particles?

I'm a little confused. If, for example, a man is singing a song written by a woman, and it has ending particles such a "の" "なの" etc. What are the male equivalent of these, or which ones are to be ...
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49 views

What exactly is the function of と in this sentence? [duplicate]

彼の車は私と同じです。 Does it have something to do with comparing nouns? If so, why would と follow 私?
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1answer
45 views

The use of や and sentence meaning

まつさんはラーメンやのうしろの公園に行きます。 In the previous sentence, what is the purpose of the や after ラーメン? I'm also unsure if the sentence is saying that "Matsu went to the park behind the ramen shop." or "Matsu ...
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40 views

ほか usage clarification [duplicate]

I was reading this article at NHK, and in it there is a sentence that reads: 感染者の中には、今月2日ではなく別の日にこのナイトクラブを訪れた人がいたほか、ソウル以外の地方から訪れた人もいたということです。 Which I think I understand the main point of to mean: ...
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Is my translation accurate? 自分の思ってる事『を』人『に』伝えられないだけじゃないんですか…?

自分{じぶん}の思{おも}ってる事{こと}『を』人{ひと}『に』伝えられないだけじゃないんですか…? So in this sentence ↑ : 自分{じぶん}の思{おも}ってる is attributive to 事{こと} to create: "A thing I've been thinking about myself" Since there's no word order ...
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1answer
82 views

Classification, compounding, and order of particles

I read here that 日本語の勉強は常用漢字を全部覚えてからが本番だ。is a valid sentence but 日本語の勉強は常用漢字を全部覚えてからのが本番だ。is not. This reminded me of a question I once had. I do understand that particles are classified into ...
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1answer
75 views

How do you say 〜て form in Japanese?

I’ve tried to google this but I end up with explanations about how to use the ーて form. I want to know how to call it in Japanese, you know, like a noun is 名詞, now do you call the ーて form in ...
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1answer
64 views

“も” versus “でも”

I just came across this sentence in my textbook: 選挙権は国民の権利でもあれば、同時に義務でもある。 I notice that the sentence use "でも" instead of simply "も." What's the difference between "でも" and "も" in this context? ...
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1answer
50 views

Specifying what's different between two things, 違い

I wanted to write a sentence that means: Okinawa and Hokkaido are different, their climate and the time cherry blossoms bloom differ. I was wondering if this would be the appropriate way to write ...
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1answer
103 views

Interpretation of この人の家族『は』一体どんな気持ち『で』100万円出したんだ…?

I would like to know if my analysis and interpretation is accurate or not. この人の家族『は』一体どんな気持ち『で』100万円出したんだ...? Source Interpretation この this → 人(person)の(possessive marker)家族(family)『は』(topic ...
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1answer
70 views

Particulars of 『に』 and 『で』 in this context [duplicate]

I'm learning from Genki 1 right now, and working my way through the workbook. The sentence I'm confused about is this: 『私は図書館の前でロバートさんを待ちました。』 I'm already aware of the usage pattern of 『に』 with 『...
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1answer
77 views

に with action verbs

日本に留学すれば、日本料理が食べられるようになります。 Why is に used in this particular sentence? I'd use で because I think する is an action verb, not a state verb.
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107 views

I don't understand 私なのを

I have this sentence 隣の席が私なのを、感謝しなさい What does 私なの mean in this case? Why is there a を with a comma right after?
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53 views

Isn't the を particle only used with verbs? [duplicate]

I've been learning Japanese since I was 16 years old (now 20 years old) and I was always under the impression that the を particle was only used with verbs. But it's not apparently? So, I watched a ...
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1answer
77 views

Three grammatical questions about Japanese Manga

The following is an exercise I do daily to better understand grammar. I’ll claim A and the title. Title: 第3話75歳の値段 第 is a prefix to form ordinal numbers. In this case, it precedes 3, so third. 話 ...
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51 views

Difference in meaning between は and が in questions [duplicate]

For example 何か質問がありますか as opposed to 何か質問はありますか when asking "Do you have any questions?"
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1answer
96 views

Confused over which is more grammatically correct here: ~たことをごめんなさい or ~たことはごめんなさい

この世に生まれたことを本当にごめんなさい! この世に生まれたことは本当にごめんなさい!
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Using an adverb with a noun in Japanese

この先生…早くはないけどすごく仕事がていねいだな… In the sentence above, this is my understanding so far: Vocabulary この先生【せんせい】 that teacher… 早くない【はやくない】 fast, negative present form けど conj. however すごく adv. immensely ...
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3answers
152 views

How does this phrase mean “it is better if”?

A Busuu example dialogue suggests that this phrase ギターが弾けると良いのですが means "It's better if you can play the guitar". I understand that ギターが弾けると means "if you can play the guitar". Is this the ...
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1answer
65 views

Can i use で instead of に in this context

In the phrase "ATMはビルの1階にあります" Can i say ATMはビルの1階であります? Someone told me it doesn't sound natural. But i didn't understand why
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Is there any difference between 一緒に and と一緒に? [closed]

Is there any difference between 一緒に and と一緒に?
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2answers
5k views

Can Japanese be written without any kana (kanji only)?

I always assumed that Japanese uses a minimum amount of hiragana until I opened this Life and Death Dictionary (Game of Go) and everything is in kanji. Are there kanji for the particles (は が で に も etc....
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1answer
99 views

Sentence structure. 学生は、工場で何を作っているときに、見学をしますか。

I'm currently doing some N4 sample papers to prepare myself for the exams and I came across this questions; 教室で先生が学生に話しています。学生は、工場で何を作っているときに、見学をしますか。 It's the second sentence which gets me. I ...
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2answers
120 views

Is ので the same as のだ?

I find it suspicious they look similar and both function to give explanations. Is it just coincidence or is ので kind of like the て form/mid-sentence form of のだ?
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79 views

Help me translate this (particle で, etc.)

Here is the question: how to translate the following sentence to Japanese. Inform that the hospital is located between the supermarket and the hotel over there: 病院にあそこでスーパーとホテルの間があります。 I want ...
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1answer
78 views

What particles can be used with 気にしない?

I would like to say "I don't mind that," or "That doesn't bother me," but I'm not sure what particles to use for 気にしない when I would like to specify both a subject and an object. These are the ...
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0answers
104 views

Is using the particle は twice here natural?

I've come across the sentence 父は休みの日はずっとテレビを見ている。(My father spends his days off watching television all the time.) where it doubles in using the は particle. From another post, it seems that this ...
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1answer
110 views

Meaning of 何もなし

I came across this sentence while playing Persona 5 Scramble. ひっさびさに会えるってのに、何もナシじゃつまんねーだろ I can't seem to wrap my head around the 何もなし. Specifically how the 何も fits with the なし and the adjective ...
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2answers
82 views

why is ni in “kinou watashimo wakaranakatta kara, sensei ni kikimashita” the particle?

The book didn't cover a lot about ni but I know that it is used to tell what time it is or where you are going. but nothing like this. the best explanation I found was that it could also be used as an ...
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56 views

I can't recognize which conditional form to use? [duplicate]

so as you know there are varieties of conditions forms in Japanese...(と, …ば, …たら, なら) and 大変ですね? so my problem is, I may be able to recognize them in a test but while speaking, I have no idea which to ...
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2answers
148 views

Can You Explain the Particle Usages For These Sentences Involving 雨の中_?

I'll preface this with my understanding of particles that I think are relevant in this context. 「を」 - point of departure, or movement through a location. 「に」 - specific point in time, or direction ...
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2answers
149 views

What's a natural way to say “If I can do it so can you!”?

I would translate it as わたしが出来るとあなたも出来るよ! Could someone help explain what a more natural translation would be, or even better if there's a saying or a common idiom to express the same idea? P.s. ...
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2answers
276 views

Nuanced meaning of ため

I didn’t quite understand how ため is used when it indicates something different from finality, Here for example what is the exact nuance? ダムができたため、村は湖のそこにしずんだ。 Obviously it can’t be that the ...
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84 views

From a Japanese PoV, what's the explanation of 「に」 particle corresponding to both western concepts of “to” and “in”

自由に歩いて。 人の中に心臓がある。 学校に行きます。 If I'm correct: Walk freely. (Walk in freedom) Inside a person there's a heart. I go to school. So, I'd want to understand why 「に」 covers both "to" and "in". ...
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1answer
63 views

Can I always use が to mark the subject when talking about phenomenon [closed]

I understand that が can be used to describe a phenomenon. 雨 が 降って います。 But in Japanese, there are always many exceptions. So, does this have any exceptions? Like I can use は or を? 雨 は 降って います。 ...
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1answer
101 views

Why use wa / は marker with kyou / 今日?

Based on some research it seems like: 今日は新しい着物を着ました。 Is more correct than 今日新しい着物を着ました。 (Without wa subject marker) Why is that? It doesn't seem like "today" is the subject of the sentence.
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147 views

Difference between using a に particle with a noun

What's the difference in these 2 sentences? 禁止します 禁止にします

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