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Questions tagged [particles]

助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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Understanding 最後に咥えて人の煙で吸った気になりたいから

He got diagnosed with lung cancer and he is not allowed to smoke anymore. He meets up with his smoking buddy for the last time. I am not sure what he meant by 最後に咥えて人の煙で吸った気になりたいから. He will put a ...
John Davies's user avatar
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Using particle に with 今回/次回/前回

Is the particle NI required with these words? 姉は次回に連れてきます。 姉は次回連れてきます。 Are they both correct?
Varvara Yarovenko's user avatar
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117 views

What does か mean in this sentence?

「そのうちに僕は飛び立つが早いか、岩の上の河童へ躍りかかりました。同時に又河童も逃げ出しました」 So my question is about the meaning of this か in 「飛び立つが早いか」 I've always thought か means something like "I think", as expressing uncertainty ...
Tv2's user avatar
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1 answer
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に or を?Grammar help

In the sentence トムはそのときこうえんをあるいていた how come you use を instead of に for こうえん? Is it because grammarly the park can not do something to someone? I read something about intransitive and transitive verbs ...
Matt's user avatar
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Meaning of 電話も出ない

A guy calls someone and there was no response and he said「僕の電話も出ない」. I am confused about the meaning of も. Based on Google search, phrases 電話を出る and 電話が出る are nonsense but 電話に出る makes sense. So it ...
weeab00's user avatar
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2 answers
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What does 向く mean here?

Trapped in debt, a salaryman says 僕はハードモードが向いてるんだ I am not sure what 向いてる might mean. I might be overthinking but I initially thought it meant "to be suitable" but the usage of が is ...
weeab00's user avatar
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why is で being used in 買ってくるか で

The following is my transcription from a podcast for learners of Japanese. The speaker is listing a few 家庭料理 dishes. コロッケはね、どこのうちでも作るか, それかスーパーとかで買ってくるかで、よく食べる料理の一つだと思います。 Why is the で in bold being ...
Davide Bordoni's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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What does で済ませる mean in this sentence⁇

I found this sentence in a book. いつも夕食は簡単な料理やスーパーのおそうざいで済ませている And this is the translation: My dinner is always something simple or some side dish I bought at the supermarket. I get that they probably ...
Nyhiko's user avatar
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How do we know which particle to use for がっかりする?

I'm confused over when to use which particle for the word, がっかりする, as well as other verbs that may use a range of different particles in different contexts. Is there a specific rule to knowing when to ...
Ruo Su's user avatar
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242 views

Confused by 付いてくる and the particle usage

私についてきなさい。 彼は悪天候をついて来た。 I first thought it could be an intransitive verb but seeing that you can use を as well confuses me about the usage and what 付いてくる really means. I originally understood it as ''...
HoodIntercooledSubaru's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
848 views

What does はね mean

私の夢はね誰かに抱きしめてもらう事だったんだ I knows this sentence translates into "My dream was for someone to hug me". What I'm confused about is the はね part. As far as I understand, は is the topic marking ...
DietSouda's user avatar
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What does と do to this sentence?

I am sorry in advance, as this is likely a duplicate, but after digging through the particle definitions and other similar questions, I can't identify what と particle is doing here: 急に、なんの前触れもなく“奪われる”...
Jacques Martin's user avatar
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Differences and meanings of のを, のに, のは, のが, のこと

I have been studying for the N3 lately, and I'm very confused about these 5 points. It seems that they are all used to nominalize, but I'm confused about when and in what situations you would use ...
Amelie Rennie's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
116 views

Usage of 〜するように

I'm having a hard time figuring out the meaning of ように in ジャブー様の一件でもわかるように ガノンは我々の行く手に 先手をうちはじめた I know that when following a verb in dictionary form, ように can have several meanings, like "in ...
Blake's user avatar
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が instead of を: 内定**が**もらえるようになりました [duplicate]

Why is the particle が and not を here? 金融系の会社を受けたところ、内定がもらえるようになりました。
userhello90831's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
118 views

Parallel marker (か) "ka" – Repetition & particle elision

When the か particle serves as a parallel/disjunctive marker (A or B = AかBか), is there a strict requirement that it must follow each noun? Or when joining more than two items, should they be replaced ...
1110101001's user avatar
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(place)に(noun)を(verb)に行きます construction

is there much of a difference between these two sentences: 山にハイキングに行きます 山にハイキングをしに行きます Also, can 'ni' be replaced with 'de' in sentences such as 町(に・で)映画を見に行きます
Lozzinjer's user avatar
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とも means and usage in this context

傘もなくて、二人ともずぶ濡れ状態だ Does it relate to the first も Also is it common to add an adjective before 状態 do describe appearances
Wesley's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Can you use は twice in a sentence? [duplicate]

Can you say 'アンナさんの性格は明るくなくて、少しつめたいので、新しい友達ができるのは難しいです。’ or does it sound a little awkward? Can you use は twice here in a sentence? What I'm trying to say here is that because Anna does not have a ...
Ruo Su's user avatar
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Three different particles for same object

I am a bit confused by the sentences in the below image, especially the third one where が follows お酒. Surely お酒 is still either the topic or the object in that sentence, so why is the subject marker が ...
MotherBrain's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
183 views

Explaining different flavors of じゃない

For a long time, I have trouble telling apart whether sentences ending with じゃない are affirmative or negative, especially when it is combined with particles の and か. From the top of my head, here are ...
John Davies's user avatar
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What is the difference between のう and な/なあ/ね/ねえ?

I have been reading a comic book limited series titled 『妖艶くのいち~濡れた花弁』 (English: "Voluptuous Female Ninja: Wet Petals"). It seems to take place in the Japanese Warring States Period (1467-...
Micheal Gignac's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
188 views

Rate/ratio: What are the differences between 「一年一万円」,「一年に一万円」,「一年で一万円」?

When describing a rate or ratio, what are the differences between no particle, に, and で? Also related: In a JLPT N5 sample test booklet, I came across the sentence below. Why is で used in the second ...
Hikonyan's user avatar
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How to tell when を means with?

I've seen the "with" use of を in the phrases (song lyrics) 未体験の怒りをごちゃまぜに (Mistranslation? "I'll mess you up with an anger you've never experienced before"), and the expression ...
Star Peep's user avatar
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What is the function of the particle ~の in this sentence? [duplicate]

I came across this sentence while I was studying: 人間は話すことのできる唯一の動物だ。 I understand the meaning of the whole sentence, but I don't know why both 〜こと and 〜の are present. From my understanding, both have ...
bbyshzm's user avatar
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250 views

What does "好きなだけ" mean here?

Is な used to connect 好き and だけ. Does it mean that she only likes reading books? わたしは本を読むのが好きなだけの極々虚弱な女の子だ。
shawntarou's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
219 views

The construct of いつの間にか

In Japanese, we can add か to question words to make it mean "some-xxx." Example: 何 what 何か something 誰 who 誰か somebody 何人 how many people 何人か some amount of people (何人かの友達きた some friends ...
dvx2718's user avatar
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2 answers
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Noun as prefix/adjective without any particle after it?

I couldn't shake off this question for a while now. I've seen some example sentences from WordNet for 標準 such as: 標準手続き。 非標準テキスト。 標準室温でワインを出す。 All these sentences effectively present 標準 as an ...
agrastiOs's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
217 views

使役形の助詞は「に」か「を」か

教科書から学んだ動詞の使役形は、命令者は使役動詞の主語で「が」で表し、実際の動作者は助詞「に」で表す。例えば、僕が友達へ「ご飯を食べて」と言うと、僕が友達にご飯を食べさせる。「を」で表す部分は動作の実際の対象でありそうです。 なのに、気付いたのは、「に」の代わりに「を」で実際の動作者を表す場合もあります。例えば、back numberさんの歌詞の一句:「冬がそっと雪を降らせて」。ここ、「...
dvx2718's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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What does the に represents in 楽しみにしていました

To breakdown this line which is: 楽しみに + する+ ている- looking forward to it. I'm aware that N+にする could mean 決定,変化 But this doesn't fit the translation of looking forward to it. or does it mean 目的 which ...
KK118's user avatar
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Can you imply your location without using personal pronoun?

I want to say something like "I'm enjoying your music from Sendai", which can be read ambiguously even in English. The meaning I want to get across is I am in Sendai and enjoying the ...
gator's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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What does 「に」 mean at the end of the 「侘しさに」?

The full sentence is 「寄る辺ない侘しさに」. I did some research and found out that「に」is used with na-adjectives to basically turn them into adverbs, but「侘しい」is an i-adjective, so it doesn't make much sense.
Renat's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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Can you use が instead of は in sentences like this? 一番好きな食べ物がりんごです

I am currently trying to understand the difference between は and が in Japanese. As far as I have learnt, が and は can both be used after subjects, but は can shed a spotlight on the topic of the ...
Ruo Su's user avatar
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1 answer
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The difference between 学校に勉強します and 学校で勉強します

I'm trying to understand the difference between に and で as particles in the following example: 学校に勉強します。 学校で勉強します。 What are the nuances between these two expressions? Any help or explanation is very ...
Ruo Su's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Confused about っていうのが and っていうのも

So far, my understanding is that these two expressions are a contracted form of というのは, whose common application is to explain the meaning of something. In a JLPT listening video, I heard this: M: ...
statsnoobj101's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
183 views

How to make the “〜でも” form of normal verbs and i-adjectives?

There's something that irks me. The particle “〜でも” can be inserted after many parts of speech such as: 駅にでも行った? In this sense it occupies much the same grammatical place as “〜は” or “〜も" in that ...
Zorf's user avatar
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2 answers
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Can this be a valid sentence?

私はたくさんのパンを食べますとたくさんの水を飲むます Yes, we can omit the 私は but the rest just sounds weird to me. This is what it should mean: I eat a lot of bread and drink a lot of water. Thank you!
quix's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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How to use the addition particle も on a whole sentence?

A: 先週の試験で一人だけ悪い成績だったのは、Cさんだそうだ。On last week's exam, (I heard) only one person had bad results: Mr.C. B: そうか。Cさんといえば、彼女と別れたらしい。Really. Talking about Mr.C, (I heard he) broke up with (his) girlfriend. B:...
82474070449770901951's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
444 views

What is the で part in ではありません?

Ok, this might be more complicated or less complicated than I'm making it out to be but I'm assuming this question will be made up of two unrelated components but I can't figure it out so I'm shooting ...
Ethir's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is the function of では in this context?

I was trying to translate this text and I didn't understand the use of the では particle. I thought it might be something like “with this body without feet, hands and wings I am the serpent of the world”...
menta sugar's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
112 views

Can adjectives follow the に particle?

https://guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/verbparticles lead me to believe that the に particle should be used with a verb. However I have been reading some sentences that have noun + に + adjective. ...
Dio's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
178 views

How can I tell how much って is quoting?

When you use って, how do you differentiate who is part of the quote from who made the quote? For example: 彼女はかわいいって/She said かわいい or 彼女はかわいいって/someone said she's cute
menta sugar's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
127 views

What does き stand for in 招き猫?

As question suggests: what does き stands for in 招き猫? Is it some sort of particle, that "connects" 招(invitation) and 猫(cat) or something else?
dmyTRUEk's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
308 views

Why use に instead of を in 彼に会います/連絡します

Please explain to me why に is used instead of を in these sentences 彼に会います 彼に連絡します Is that because 会います is a transitive verb? Please give me more detail.
Lemon Tolemonade's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
72 views

Verb て-form + もない meaning

Example sentence, which is a response to someone who is talking like they were already invited to a party: まだ誘ってもないのに。 I'm not able to wrap my head around the grammar used in what looks like a pretty ...
Cassius Bright's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
135 views

Can a sentence-ending particle like よ be used to express multiple nuances at once?

Example: 知らないよ in response to someone thinking you know, even though you don’t. Using wikitionary for particle lookup, I found these 2 uses of よ that could fit the context: indicating statement of ...
Cassius Bright's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
149 views

can で particle be used to say "and"

I saw some example sentences where the で particle was used to say "and", can't you just use "と" or "し"? Why was で used?
Koll's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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から vs. を in: あちらから出て or あちらを出て? 東から昇る or 東を昇る?

I've learned that when you want to express "to come out of something without obvious boundary" , it's better to replace を with から. For examples: あちらから出てきた人は誰ですか。 (を should not be used here, ...
Sheepeagle's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
72 views

Understanding たは: [closed]

I'm sure this has been covered, but searching for something as vague as たは has it's complications given た's usage as a verb ending. My question comes from the たは use in the following. あなたがたは世の光です。 (...
写真家's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
133 views

How does this ending particle じ work?

I've seen this particle used before multiple times but have chosen to ignore it each time. Though here's an example where I can find this particle being used. 冬来りなば春遠からじ - (from what I guess it might ...
blinchiki's user avatar

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