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Questions tagged [particle-は]

助詞「は」. Indicates the topic of a sentence or shows contrast in the universe of discourse.

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のは and は after nouns [duplicate]

I read about the grammar of のは in the text and wanted to clarify something here. This can be used to express 2 different meanings: The reason for [A] is [B]. Doing [A] is [B]. With the first meaning, ...
Dmitrii Hude's user avatar
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Analysis of a sentence with a double -は

I have a problem with the following sentence from Saito's Japanese Folktales for Language Learners: Legends and Fables in Japanese and English. I'm interested in breaking down the sentence ...
suizokukan's user avatar
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Question about には and は

I know this question had already been answered on this site, but I need someone to help me understand it in a specific context. This is a sentence from my Shin Kanzen Master N3 textbook: 林先生の授業(____)、...
Amelie Rennie's user avatar
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Can this case of “〜は” be replaced by “〜を”?

I saw a rather interesting sentence: ミンメイ様は客は兄様しか取っていなかったらしい In particular, the use of “客は兄様しか” interests me as the “〜は” does not seem to be contrastive and “客は” comes before “兄様しか”, seemingly ...
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Difference between ウナギは魚だ and ウナギが魚だ

What's the difference between these two sentences? I know that the particle は is used to topicalize things. Maybe when は is used, the sentence will have different meanings, not just "Eels are ...
Rodion Iskhakov's user avatar
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"I hate him" = 彼が嫌い or 彼は嫌い? Ambiguity regarding the target of the sentence

I apologize if this is a dumb question. I think I'm having a total brainfart here, but this is something I've been wondering since some time ago now. If I wanna say, "I hate him!", which one ...
rosmontis06 's user avatar
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Introducing an explicit subject into a sentence with a topic already existing

Consider for instance the following sentence: わかった、忠告ありがとう。でも、ミコトがどんな子かは自分で見定める。 The obvious context is that someone has been warned about ill behavior of his new friend by others but wants to make ...
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Why is there a 'は' in these sentences, forming double particles?

家では勉強できません。図書館でも勉強できません。 東京には、たくさん人がいます。 Can I drop the は in these two sentences?
Michael's user avatar
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Why is ‘は’ instead of 'が' or 'を' used here?

I saw a sentence: これは、オンラインで聞けますか。 Why is ‘は’ instead of 'が' or 'を' used here? I think the full sentence should be like the following.  あなたはこれが/を、オンラインで聞けますか。
Michael's user avatar
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Are questions ending in は polite or plain?

On my grammar textbook, there is a part about the possibility to ask a question with just the topic and は, for example: お仕事は? That can mean "what is your job?" or "how is work?". ...
MarcoT13's user avatar
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The use of causative + には in this sentence

Upon asking the group if they had a bad experience in the village, they deny and she says this. I understand the first sentence is akin "Starting with the royal family, the village is quite ...
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Any difference between とは思う and と思う?

When expressing a thought, can とは思う and と思う be used interchangeably, or is there a more specific reason to choose one over the other?
Cassius Bright's user avatar
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How does the nounはnounでも works?

揚げ物は揚げ物でも天ぷらっていってね Upon the other character pointing out this is 揚げ物 the character explains this. What kind of nuance does the repeated noun give
Bluegate's user avatar
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Nonsense sentences with だ

I recently encountered these sentences which must be nonsense because AはBだ means 'A is B'. 私は105号室だ 「ノルウェーの森」は村上春樹だ 東京は初めてだ
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Understanding ~たのでは "Conditionals"

I recently came across a sentence containing ~たのでは I found quite hard to parse, and I wanted to focus more on just its ~たのでは aspect to make a more focused question. So consider: 「彼が来なかったのでは、何も始まらない。」 ...
George's user avatar
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Clarification about particle は

I had to translate these 2 questions: "Is this Chinese (language)?" "Is this sake?" And I translated in this way: それは中国語ですか。 それは酒ですか。 But the book solutions were それ中国語ですか。 ...
MarcoT13's user avatar
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What is the use ようとは + passive?

おそまつな警備だな これで俺を捕まえようとは舐められたもんだ My vague understanding of the sentence is akin to "Ill prepared defenses. If they are attempting to catch me with that, they are looking down on me." However ...
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Trouble understanding context switching / setting in a Famitsu article

I started reading this Famitsu article about a new headset that is releasing soon. But I'm having trouble understanding how context or subject swapping / setting works in general. I probably have a ...
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Is this sentence correct「小説は読みます」?

Is this sentence correct? 小説は読みます I've learned that は is a topic marker not an object marker. In this case it's acting as an object marker to 小説 since 読む is transitive a verb. Now according to the ...
Rommel Bagasina's user avatar
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Would it be gramatically correct to say 学校は行きます as opposed to 学校に行きます

My understanding is that 学校は行きます would mean: As for school, I will go there. While 学校に行きます is: I will go to school. But is this the first sentence ever used? Or even grammatically correct?
Hunter's user avatar
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I'm having trouble understanding the usage of 特に...もっとですね, and 15回以上は

From Sakura Tips podcast episode 615. パッキング, there is a transcript to the podcast. I'm having difficulty understanding due to my confusion regarding word/phrase ordering. Original transcript: ...
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Could I use わたしのうちには ペットが いません 。instead of わたしのうえ に ペット は いません。

I've learned the expressions: (Location) の (position) には ありません/いません。 and (location) に (noun) は ありません/いません。 and I'm kinda wondering whether I could use には with location nouns too? Or does it only ...
KradasA4's user avatar
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Double/Triple 'wa' particles in a sentence

I'm having trouble parsing the following example sentence from an online Japanese-English dictionary: 女性はレスリングは好まないが男性はふつうに好きだ。 Can someone explain to me how to make sense of the sentence? I'm ...
Dominic D's user avatar
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Appearance of が after a て form

In the game Persona 3, a teacher says this while talking about a poet they like as opposed to one being mentioned in the textbook: …葛西もいいけど、先生、 最近は窪田空穂にハマってるのよね。 歌人としてが有名だけど、 随筆もとってもいいのよ。 I don't ...
teeferz's user avatar
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what does かは convey?

Here's the context: それについて、見てくれる人がどう思うかは、私は、コントロールできないから手放そうと思いました。
alwaysLearning's user avatar
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Why are there multiple topic markers (は) in this sentence?

To be clear, my level of Japanese is about as elementary as it gets, so it's possible that this question is simply beyond my understanding. Still worth an ask, though! I was looking at the Wiktionary ...
Kyle O'Brien's user avatar
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A proposed tool about the use of は and が and about the use of "the" and "a" in English

UPDATE: Based on the discussion below, I now see that my proposal is not valid. But still, I want to make a clarification about the following proposal, anyway. Just please keep in mind that I'm ...
HippoMan's user avatar
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Does the contrastive は always rise in pitch?

At 3:03 the speaker says この人は I could be wrong, but it sounds like she's saying this as "koNOHITOWA" rather than "koNOHITOwa". According to my bilingual dictionary, Heiban is not ...
George's user avatar
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What is the exact meaning of はな in the sentence: 「世の中的にはな。」

In order to understand the meaning of this sentence: "まぁうん 一応 世の中的にはな。" I put the complete conversation below: Son: 「大人」って何?「大人」ってどういうこと? Father: 大人? Son: うん 親父 大人だろ? Father: まぁうん 一応 ...
farhad gharleghi's user avatar
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What is the function of じゃ at the end of this sentence

I know the meaning of the whole sentence but what is the function and meaning of じゃ at the end of the sentence: お巡りさんには関係ありません じゃ I checked on the internet and maybe じゃ means "I guess".
farhad gharleghi's user avatar
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Difference between ことが and ことは

What is the difference in the meanings of the following sentences when 事がある is replaced with 事はある? 週末はたいてい家で休んでいるがたまに公園に行く事がある。 週末はたいてい家で休んでいるがたまに公園に行く事はある。 I could find the grammar form ことがある in ...
timemanx's user avatar
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は vs が when the subject is modified by a relative clause

Please note that the question is not whether the subject in a relative clause should be followed by は or が. (In that case I am aware that the thematic は cannot be used.) I was reading section II.2, Wa ...
LAMC's user avatar
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What is the difference when I swap が and は in this sentence

I want to know if my first translation of a sentence is wrong and more importantly why. I'm using Duolingo as one of a couple tools for learning Japanese. Today I got the sentence "The coffee ...
ノアー's user avatar
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で・と・が・は - Nuance

ボブと戦ってる Fighting with Bob (Against Bob/Bob is fighting someone, and that same someone is fighting Bob) ボブが戦ってる Bob is fighting ボブたちが戦ってる Bob and them are fighting (not necessarily together nor ...
Catdog's user avatar
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Is くらい required in 「牛乳ぐらいは買ってください」?

A tutorial on the は-particle provides the following sentence: 牛乳ぐらいは買ってください。 At least buy milk, please. The author then notes: Grammar Note: The particle kurai/gurai くらい・ぐらい is frequently used with ...
George's user avatar
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What is the correct way to use ”には” as a particle? Also how credible is Duolingo?

How credible is Duolingo? I've heard many bad things about its grammar in Asian languages so I just wanted to see if they got this specific thing right. One of the Questions it asked was how to ...
Charlie Davis's user avatar
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紅茶がコーヒーより美味しいと思う

A native speaker corrected a learner's sentence from やっぱり紅茶はコーヒーより美味しいと思う to やっぱり紅茶がコーヒーより美味しいと思う I think 紅茶はコーヒーより美味しい sounds perfectly natural. Using は with 思う also seems to be commonplace which ...
Eddie Kal's user avatar
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What does とは do in this sentence 「ちなみに俺はどちらも見ようとは思わない」 [duplicate]

From Quintessential Quintuplets (Season 2, ep.3, 9:30) Character A was describing movies that they saw to someone when Character B said this about those movies. ちなみに俺はどちらも見ようとは思わない If I were to try ...
SIREN's user avatar
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Usage of は and が in 文明が進むと、社会は複雑さを増す

文明が進むと、社会は複雑さを増す。 In this sentence, 1 - What are the reasons for using が and は particles in their respective places? 2 - Could we replace any of these two particles with the other one? If yes, how ...
kooru_hi's user avatar
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122 views

Difference between 後にも and 後には?

In an IMABI article on 後, the author explains the difference between ~後には and ~後にも: It's also possible to see ~後には and ~後にも. The meanings of the individual particles do not behave any differently. ...
George's user avatar
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Which は is this?

A過去の通知はありません There are no past notifications B参加予定のイベントはありません There are no planned events. C(あなたは)メッセージがありません You have no messages. In A and B, it can either be the main topic or the contrastive は as ...
美しい孤独's user avatar
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Difference between ~ことは and ~ことが

What is the difference between: 練習することが大切です。 練習することは大切です。
Divey Dhingra's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
534 views

What's the difference between である and ではある?

隊服の上から触れた彼の身体からは、かすかではあるものの温もりを感じられる。 I've already read the answers to these questions: Meaning of ~つもりではいる in that sentence What is a good way to translate ではある? ではあるんだろうが meaning However, I still ...
Haragurodanshi's user avatar
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は・が in 犬が死んだ and 犬は死んだ

犬が死んだ 犬は死んだ は is typically used to mark something already in context as the topic. Would that be equivalent to "The dog died" since "The" typically marks something know? が is a ...
Catdog's user avatar
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Role of は when following phrases ending in particles

I have read several linguistic accounts of the particle は that claim it has two fundamental uses: To indicate the theme/topic of the discourse (assuming that the speaker can take for granted that the ...
G-Cam's user avatar
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Subordinate clauses that are not for comparison - should we use が or は?

In a subordinate clause, が is often used. However, some sentences with けど or のに are used with は because they are for comparison. But it seems to me that some sentences with けど or のに are not for ...
vincentlin's user avatar
1 vote
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Regarding the use of が instead of は in 「いけのなかにさかな{が・は}たくさんいますか。」

いけのなかにさかな_たくさんいますか。 So my question is, would the particle affect the emphasis we want to put on either asking if there ARE Fish inside the pond, or if we are asking how MANY Fish there are in the ...
Demian Jimenez's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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Implications of using either が/は in 足跡が/は消えない

I came across this line in a song and was wondering why が was used over は: 足跡が消えない I would interpret the usage of が to mean that out of everything, the 足跡 left behind is specifically the thing that ...
medea's user avatar
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Is there a way to tell which sentences or structures particle wa can replace particle wo for emphasis in?

I've been told that in the sentence, kare wa tsugou ga warui koto wa kakusu wo can be used instead of wa in the last particle like, kare wa tsugou ga warui koto wo kakusu but that wa is used ...
Pablo's user avatar
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What’s the usage of “では” in this sentence?

歴史の授業は大きい教室でやります。歴史の先生は日本人で、授業ではあまり英語を使いません。 Is it composed of “で+は“ while は just highlights the noun before it? But if that’s the case then does 授業 here refer to a period of time?
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