Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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When can 形容動詞 go with で?

A Japanese grammar book will tell you that to make a 形容動詞(な adjective) into an adverb, you add に after it. For example: 静かに歩いてください そういうのって確かに非常に辛いな However, recently, I’ve started to notice ...
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にさせる usage in a sentence

I was reading the Japanese version of No Longer Human by Osamu Dazai, and this sentence came up. 嫌な気持ちにさせるのだ I would like to know why に particle was used before the word させる.
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に particle: 私は来年国へ家族に会いに帰ります。 [duplicate]

私は来年国へ家族に会いに帰ります。 Why there's a 家族に会い, why not 家族と会い?
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what is the meaning of みにまかせる?

I've came across this sentence many times in anime songs and I don't know what is the meaning of it and the kanji of it. does the み in there stand for 見? also, what is the difference between that and ...
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Understanding で over に in Noun + 的 + で

In the song lyrics to "A Piece of Blue Glass Moon": https://miraikyun.com/reona-seimeisen-lyrics-tsukihime-a-piece-of-blue-glass-moon-theme-song/ Nouns + 的で are used a lot. I would of ...
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〜ような or 〜ように before V-stem + 方 [closed]

I encountered the following multiple-choice question in a JLPT N3 grammar practice test: 仕事と生活の(   )働き方がしたい。 1 バランスをとるらしく     2 バランスをとるらしい 3 バランスがとれるような    4 バランスがとれるように I chose 「3 バランスがとれるような」, but ...
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Is the particle に and its multiple functions just the general and reduced version of more specific に phrases like にとって, に対して?

Sorry if it seems like a silly question but since I'm studying Japanese through immersion I have no idea if this is common knowledge or not. The particle に when used alone can have many different ...
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Understanding に in 砲撃に

稼働を止めたブレードを力任せに敵機に叩きつけ、半ばで折れ飛ぶのも気にせず次の敵機に向かう。至近距離で炸裂した近接信管の砲撃に砲弾片がコクピットに飛びこみ、サブスクリーンの一枚を叩き割るのに視線も揺らさぬ。ただ目の前の敵機だけに意識の全てを向けている、鋭利に凍りついた紅い瞳。 86 ─ エイティシックス ─ Ep.2 ─ ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント ─〈上〉 安里アサト Does the ...
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教師に歩未ちゃんへの注意を促す程度ですね。 Could you explain which words here are connected by に particle?

About context. It is a sentence from an anime series (charlotte). One of the characters proposes their actions regarding other character (Ayumi, 歩未ちゃん). Here we have 歩未ちゃんへの注意 (attention to Ayumi). ...
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Is the に in 以上に mandatory in the following context?

I came across the following sentence in a text about 俳句 (emphasis, translation and words in square brackets mine): 携帯電話で俳句を送り合って遊ぶ若者もいますし、外国人が日本人以上にすばらしい俳句を表現することもあります。 There are youngsters who play ...
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見るように meaning in this song

The first two lines of Error by GARNiDELiA are 壊れてしまったモノを見るように おかしなことだと誰もが言う I'm fairly confident it means, "Looking at (you) like something broken- everyone says it's strange." This would ...
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Whats the diffrence with に and を in this sentence?

I am having trouble understanding the use of に in this following sentence, and also if putting を instead of に would change the meaning of the sentence. 何に興味がありますか。
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Particle に used to express reason/cause [duplicate]

彼の落ち着いた態度に私の恐怖心は消えた。 My fear disappeared thanks to his relaxed disposition. (given translation by duolingo) The usage of に is confusing me in this sentence. I would be happy with 態度のために or 態度のおかげで, ...
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Meaning of verb に verb てる

In an anime I heard this exchage: A: 私は商業作家ですもの‌。仕事に対して全力で臨むのはいつの場合でも同じ‌ B: 次回作の小説遅れに遅れてるんです Given that A is a novel author and is late in delivering her last work, I think B's phrase means ...
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Why is に used here? [duplicate]

Just wondering why the second に is being used here 現行犯逮捕以外に僕に何ができる? My rough translation is: What can I do other than catching them in the act? I understand the reasoning for the first に but the ...
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Understanding 一月分に余裕をもたせた

最終チェックシークエンス完了。起動承認。瞬いて灯ったスクリーンに、見送りの整備クルー達が映る。半年を過ごしたぼろい隊舎と、半年世話になった整備クルー達。見えないと知りつつ頭を下げた。 一月分に余裕をもたせた物資と人数分の生活用品を満載した機動脚付き追加コンテナ五機を連結され、百足のようになったファイドが偵察隊の後ろに控える。 86─エイティシックス─ 安里アサト How should I ...
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when is に used to mark the subject?

I was reading a grammar book, and I stumbled across the following sentence 君になんかわからない At first sight, I thought it means "I don't know you." But the translation given beneath the sentence ...
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にで and でに confusion

So I saw these particles in a definition and a song. First, as ひとりでに, which got translated as by itself (this got approved by the way) and then "単独にでなく", which I'm guessing means not being ...
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Understanding 警戒と注意<に>

士道は真剣な表情でうなずきかえした。それはそうだ。士道は六喰に幾度となく殺されかけているのである。警戒と注意に、し過ぎということはないだろう。 I understand the last sentence means he can’t be too careful. But how should I make sense of this bold に? If it was を, then it’...
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自殺に見せ掛ける - Particle に

Context: https://streamable.com/sk6rst Sentence: 単なる自殺か? 自殺に見せ掛けた 他殺か? Question: What is the function of the particle に in 自殺に見せ掛けた ?
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The grammar of 運命にある

彼らはみんな死ぬ運命にある。 They are all destined to die. Also a similar sentence from this post: 2人は戦う宿命にある The meanings are clear but I can't quite understand how the grammar is working here. How should I ...
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What’s the difference between “AにもBがあります“ and “AにBもあります”?

It seems to me that both mean the same thing, but which one is more frequently used?
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Do both と and に mean "become" here?

鋳鉄と暗灰色の石材を多用した街並みを、雪はすでに半ば以上その純白で染め、おぼろな影と霞ませている。音も無く激しく、無数に舞い落ちて降り積もり、街も瓦礫も、夜の闇さえ己の色に侵食する白魔の静かな暴虐の、魂さえ漂白するようなうつくしさ。 86─エイティシックス─ 安里アサト Could you please explain the bold と and に? Do both of them ...
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Why does 土曜日に予定があります sound off?

From this answer, While totally acceptable in everyday conversation, the following polite versions still don’t quite sound natural to me as standalone sentences. 土曜日に予定があります。 土曜日に予定がありません。 That (...
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Why 朝に instead of just 朝? 「月曜日の朝にその本を読みました」

It's often said that relative time expressions don't take the time marker に, but why can I find sentences like these: 月曜日の朝にその本を読みました。 ジンジャーさんとスコットさんは、朝にシャワーを浴びてから、仕事に行く。 私たちは明日の朝にその家を出ます。 じゃ、...
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Why not 東京で?「東京にいつ激しい地震があるか誰にもわからない」

I've come across this sentence in Jisho.org. In many English grammar books, it's said that で is used instead に when ある marks the location of an event, as in こんばんジムの家でパーティーがあります. Why is it に used here ...
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Parsing 土曜日に予定がない

土曜日に予定がない I don't think this に marks time because 予定がない is not something that happens. My closest guess is that it denotes 評価.
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Parsing 朝ごはんにりんごを食べます

According to A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar, under the には entry, には can take a noun if it's a noun of action (third paragraph). には is に + は after all, so I assume that the same rule ...
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Is 6月 the subject in 6月は涼しい?

This webpage, under Specific Time, says that 6月 in 6月は涼しい is the subject of the sentence and thus does not take に, but that's like saying 日曜日は忙しい and ignoring the implied 私が. In the former case, that ...
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Difference between に変わりない and と変わりない

Is there a difference between に変わりない and と変わりない, because I think I see/hear both? 外観は普通のタコと変わりない。 今日もいつもと変わりない一日でした。 すべては以前と変りなかった あなたが彼の跡取り息子の母親であることには変わりないんだから 世界中人情に変わりは無い しかしありがたいに変わりは無い ...
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Use of「など」and ~にまで

I've been watching some kind a medieval fantasy anime and I stumbled upon the following sentence : Context : A character explain how his clan rose to power. ついには、年貢{ねんぐ}取{と}り立{た}てに検査{けんさ}制度{せいど}を導入{...
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Meaning of に起こす

I'm reading a manga in which often 起こす is used with に, in situations like this: 次は工場用に こいつをパターンに起こす The characters just finished making a test piece for a shirt, and the speaker is saying to the ...
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に and を being used for two different words but with the same verb (する)

I'm having some trouble understanding the meaning of phrases that uses two verb particles in two different words but with the same verb. Such as: 怠惰はあなたを不幸にする - Your laziness will make you unhappy. ...
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に after 的-adjective

Is there a specific rule on how and when to use に after a 的 adjective to make it function adverbially? For example, 具体的 seems to always be followed by に before verbs, i.e. 具体的に話してほしい "Please ...
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(私は)あなたに関係ない - Is this correct? If it, is に a contraction of something else?

is the に in ~に関係(が)ない a contraction? Because if the omitted (私は) modifies ある I don't think it makes sense if the に used is the に where something exists, but I thought that it could make sense if it ...
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When to use は、に or no particle?

I mostly understood the particles in Japanese, but there is still one thing I couldn't get over with. And that is the following problem: I do not exactly know, when to use は、に or no particle. It's ...
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What's the difference between the particle は and the combined particles では and には?

I know that は can be translated as 'speaking of...' or 'as for...', but what's the difference between saying ここは 'speaking of here/as for here' to ここには? In the same frame of reference from the ...
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2 votes
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Particle に (point in time) without a verb

Could the particle に (point in time) be in a sentence that doesn't end on a verb? For example: 火曜日に日本語の勉強です。 If incorrect, could anyone explain why? Could it be that time-indicator に always needs a ...
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Problems with understanding xをyに完成する

In the definition for 小説 I found (in bold): 文学の一形式。散文体の文学で,一八世紀以後,近代市民社会の生活・道徳・思想を背景に完成した lit. Form of literature. Is prose literature and, from (and after) 18th century, modern civilizations xxx I’...
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What does 君に茜 mean?

I was watching a music video 思想犯. In the last stanza: 烏の歌に茜 この孤独よ今 詩{うた} に変われ さよなら君に茜 僕は今 夜を待つ また明日 口が滑る I roughly know the meaning of all the words here, but I don't understand what 君に茜 is doing in ...
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Difference between 心の中に浮かぶ vs 心に浮かぶ

I read the definition of 面影: 実際に目の前にあるように心の中に浮かぶ姿・かたち "Shape(s)" that comes up in your mind as if it was in front of you/real Based on the kanjis 面影 I'm assuming it's something to do with ...
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中に vs 中 - When to use に. テスト中に私の携帯が鳴ってしまった

テスト中に私の携帯が鳴ってしまった。 Means: My phone accidentally rang during the test. Can someone explain why the particle に is required after the 中? Why does: テスト中私の携帯が鳴ってしまった。 Not work here?
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Why is にスカウトしたい used here rather than は/がスカウトしたい?

ちなみ「それより食事内容は大丈夫?」 逢桜「はい。今はまだ制限もないので大丈夫です」 ちなみ「なら良かったわ。後は味が合うかどうかだけど……」 逢桜「ちなみさんの料理、美味しいです。正直、桜和亭にスカウトしたいぐらいですから」 ちなみ「あらあらお上手ね。ふふ、凪間書店が閉店したら雇ってもらおうかしら」 逢桜’s parents are running a restaurant called ...
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Help parse and understand the sentence?

メルセデス・ベンツ日本は、一部改良した「メルセデス AMG GT 4ドアクーペ」の日本導入を発表。予約受注を開始した。改良モデルでは、従来のマルチチャンバーを備えたAMGライドコントロール+のエアサスペンションに、新たにダンパーの外側に2つの圧力制御バルブを上級モデルの「GT 53」に標準装備。「GT 43」にはオプションで用意された。 How should I parse the bold ...
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3 votes
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〜で〜て欲しい rather than 〜に〜て欲しい: a mistake?

逢桜「いえ、わたしの後悔を先輩で晴らして欲しいですから」 I understand from the story that 逢桜 doesn’t want her 先輩 to make the same mistake as 逢桜 did, so she says "I want senpai to clear my regrets". But why is で used ...
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How is 前に and 前で being used with 止まる and 止める respectively?

Example sentences with answers below: A) ビルの前に車が二十台くらい止まっている。 B) あの角を右へ曲がって、銀行の前で止めてください From Jisho, I looked up the following examples: C) 新しい自動車が銀行の前で止まった。 D) 事故の後、彼女は人前に出るのを止めた。 E) ...
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Usage of に in the following sentence

There are two sentences using に following 人情 that are confusing to me (both from Wanikani). 人情の温かさに 生かされています。(I survive on the warmth of humanity) and コウイチ様は 人情味に あふれている すばらしいお方 ですが、ビエト様は ひとかけらの人情 ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why is Ni here?

君は学生にすぎない In Bunpro, this is translated to "You are nothing more than a student." Can anyone explain why there must be a に after 学生?
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Usage of に in sentence 歴史に詳しくない日本人でも卑弥呼という名前を知らない日本人はいない [duplicate]

I am working through a book about sample texts from Japanese literature and came around the following sentence: 歴史に詳しくない日本人でも卑弥呼という名前を知らない日本人はいない。 What is this particular use of に? My current ...
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Recipient of Verb Particles [duplicate]

Can someone explain the difference between the following sentences: Watashi wa Sensei to Hanasu Watashi wa Sensei ni Hanasu The natural one for indicating a conversation involving two people is the ...
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