Questions tagged [particle-か]

助詞「か」. Used with phrases to indicate questions, or with nouns to indicate a list of alternatives.

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What is the meaning of か in phrases such as ~ばかりか and ~のみか?

I'm studying N2 grammar and I was surprised by the meaning of ばかりか and のみか when I first came across them. E.g: あの人は、学校の成績がいいばかりかスポーツもできる。 I can see these か forms are the same as ばかりでなく and のみならず (...
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Usage of か after 出向く

すっきりしたし司令部へ出向くか From what I understand, this phrase is composed of: すっきり - Refreshing した - Did し - So/and 司令部 - headquarters 出向く - go to/proceed to か - ? So the translation would be something along ...
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What does ~の為か mean in this sentence?

ちょうど昼過ぎの為か、よく空いていた車内。 According to Jisho.org, 為 means "sake; purpose", "consequence; result", "regarding, concerning", but I can't say what meaning is in this sentence, ...
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Using か in casual speech

There are definitely many questions about the usage (or lack thereof) of か in casual speech. Although it is relatively common in anime, it sounds harsh, maybe rude in everyday casual speech. Alright, ...
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What is the meaning of 唱えるか

I saw that 唱えるか while watching Little Witch Academia. The dialog is: さっきのを唱えて! (She is talking about 呪文) 唱えるか!!! Is that an abbreviation of 唱えるものか? The context is that one of the characters put the ...
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Difference between the patterns 何 + COUNTER + か and 何 + COUNTER + も

私は今年何度か海外に行きました。 [SOURCE] I have been abroad several times this year. 北海道へ何度も行った I have been to Hokkaido many times. 本を何冊も読む。[SOURCE] I read several books. 本を何冊か買いました。 I bought some books. ...
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やっぱり <Noun> か - why is it ok to have both?

Example: やっぱり初心者か I'm confused how a sentence can have both: やっぱり, which IIUC suggests that in the end, the speaker found that the things are just as expected か which indicates that the speaker isn't ...
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What does か do in a rhetorical question?

From 『スーツ』 A: ど…どうしたの?(Seeing B is unhappy: "What's going on with you?") B: どうしたのかって?人が死んだ。("You know what's wrong! Someone died!") What I usually hear is that the part before a ...
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「ちょっといいだか」と言う表現は茨城弁?

ビーデルさん、ちょっといいだか?(source) 少将、ちょっといいだか?(source) と、ずっと横で聞いていたシャンロウが手を挙あげて、「ちょっといいだか?」と発言を求めた。(source) 「ちょっといいだか?」「なんです?」ウドリガが出ていこうとした職員を呼び止める。(source) This seems to contradict what we know about だか: ...
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Meaning of か in ーだかわからない

I found this sentence: その晩、夢を見た。いつの事だかわからない。けれども覚えのある光景があった What is the meaning of that か in 「事だかわからない」? Is it there to add a "uncertainty" nuance? or is it something else?
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Verb complement clause type and clause structure?

How can you tell the type of verb complement clause without the accompanying particle? と marks statement clauses or direct quotations and か marks question clauses according to my copy of Practice ...
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difference between のか/か in question clause

i want to settle this once and for all since i cant find any legitimate source about this grammar pattern and i see very different answers online. some say they are interchangable, some say the nuance ...
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When can か振り and 振り be used?

I know V辞書系 + 振り means "pretending to do V", as in 僕を気付かなかった振りをして、僕をただ通り過ぎた。 However, I've recently come to know the expression [知]{し}ったか[振]{ぶ}り, but why is that か there? It seems to have ...
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Is か modifying all three clauses in this sentences?

The following is an excerpt from NHK Easy news article: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10012922471000/k10012922471000.html フランスでは、このウイルスがうつる力の強さや、病気が重くなる可能性、どのくらいウイルスが広がっているかを調べています。 I just ...
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Role of か in this sentence

I found this sentence in an article about japanese swords 日本刀と他の刀との違いは、どれだけ波紋と鉄が美しいかにこだわっているかです The translation is The difference between japanese swords and other swords is how much the ripples ...
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Usage of か before を [duplicate]

During my immersion I bumped into this sentence その動作・作用が、どんな場所・場面において行われるかを表わす。 In 場面において行われるかを表わす。what is the role of か specifically?
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What is the difference between ないんですか and んじゃないですか?

Do they both mean "is it not/isn't it"? e.g. Do この車は新しくないんですか and この車は新しいんじゃないですか both mean ”Isn’t this car new?”?
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かも。 か。。。も? n5 lvl learner

G'day guys, i'm back trying to learn a bit of japanese again. haha, i've lost count how many times it is now 😁 変な質問があります。。。 多分 Is there ever a time you can say it like, where there is a slight pause? ...
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is this そうなんだか a valid sentence?

If そうなんですか (sounandesuka) is formal, how come it's not often that I hear of そうなんだか (sounandaka) as casual version or maybe that I just don't hear enough? thanks.
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Seemingly non-interrogative use of sentence-ending か

I keep on coming across the particle か at the end of sentences without it having a clear or necessary interrogative nuance. An example. The 1st Angel in Neon Genesis Evangelion is regenerating itself ...
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using か with a verb

When attaching か to a verb, for example: 食べるか, it can mean "as if it can be eaten". Or 知るか to mean "as if I know". From what I know about か, it really only a question mark, so how does it get ...
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How to express alternative options where the options use different verbs

I was about to answer this question when I realised I had a problem. If I want to say "Please do A or B" where the actions involve different verbs then, hopefully: 本を買うのに店に行くかインターネットを使うかどちらかしてください。...
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How to express “X (and parenthetically Y)”?

When writing in English, quite often I'll want to express a connection between two noun phrases as “X (or Y)” or “X (and Y)”, where the punctuation adds a notion of “Y is a little beside the point, ...
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Confusion between 誰でも and 誰か

I was practicing and tried to write the following sentence in Japanese: Anyone playing games on PS4 or Switch? 誰でもPS4でゲームをやっていますか。スイッチでゲームをやっていますか。 A few minutes later my sentence was corrected to ...
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「知るか」 and variant phrases

I didn't find any questions about this, except for this one, but it's not really the same thing. I've seen the phrase 「知るか」 a few times in anime and manga before and I've always interpreted it as "as ...
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3 votes
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What is the correct question 何だろう or 何だろうか

How to ask a question with だろう in the correct way? Should I add か in the end? Like 何だろうか? I saw a lot of examples and almost always guys omit か in the end. And just say 何だろう;いつだろう。。。
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What does のか mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

In this sentence: ドアの音に驚いたのか、軽く上体がかしいだ a door opens, and there is a character, whose upper body is slightly bent forward, startled by the door's sound. I think の just nominalize ドアの音に驚いた, but I'm ...
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Is ためか the same as ために?

I think this sentence: あまり日がささまいためか、どれもひょろひょろとした貧弱な木だ means something like "Since they get too much sunlight, they are shabby trees", but while I know ために I can't find anything about ためか in my ...
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What is the meaning? -- 誰かいないのか

I need your help. "誰かいないのか" As far as I understand it, this translates to something like, "I want to know, if there somebody, who is available now" The questions are: Is the translation ok? Could ...
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〜か知らない or 〜か不安だ

I came across the following sentence in an exercise: インターネットで注文したセーターは、実際に着てみるまでサイズが_____が、ちょうどよかった。 Although only B and D make sense to me, here are the four propositions: A. 合わなかった B. ...
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Is this ことだ ことか? [duplicate]

ツッコミどころはいろいろあるのだが、その筆頭が挑戦する立場のBrock Lesnarに対してチャンピオンの2人(Seth RollinsとKofi Kingston)が「俺のベルトを選べ」と言ってることか。 If I translate this paragraph assuming か doesn't make the statement into a question, it would ...
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Understanding the use of か

僕は山崎先生が昨日何を言ったか忘れてしまった I don't understand what is that か doing in this sentence I mean, It should be an を but there's already one but anyways I don't think this is related to the problem
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What is the purpose of the か in this sentence?

「僕達はあなたがどれほど頑張っているか心配です」 I know that 「か」in the middle of a sentence can be used for embedded questions or as "or," but I don't see any of that here.
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Comparing nouns

Good day, I would like some clarification with regards to comparing nouns. In some references like Minna no Nihongo, the sentence formula would be something like A と B と + どちら のほうが/が + Adjectiveですか。 ...
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What does the ~たものか mean in どうやって彼らを誤魔化したものか?

I stumbled upon this sentence: どうやって彼らを誤魔化したものか──と思案するように、ヒューイは愛想笑いを浮かべた。 and I was told that I should understand it as どうやって彼らを誤魔化せばいいだろうか──と思案するように、ヒューイは愛想笑いを浮かべた。 However I can't find in any ...
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What does からか mean?

I'm translating the following sentence from a book (exact sentence is directly after dialogue in the picture). 興奮からか銀髪の外国人の口調は、いつになく流暢だった。 I have absolutely zero clue what "からか" means in general ...
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What is the function of か between these two verbs? [duplicate]

文章を読んで、何について書いているか考えてください. I think it means, read the sentence(s), and think about something to write. I don't understand why か is between 書いている instead of て-form.
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1 answer
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Question about the particular use of 'か'

今日かあした来てください。 (Please, come today or tomorrow) 行くか行かないか、わかりません。(Go or not, I don't know) I guess in these two cases 'か' means 'or', but why is there no 'か' after 'あした'. In example 2 there is a 'か' ...
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Is it かも? Or some particles? I'm lost with this sentence!

In 時をかける少女, the mother ask her daughter to bring something to her aunt, and then add this: いつになったら結婚するのかも聞いといてね Which I understand as : "Ask her also when is she gonna marry someone!" (When-...
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What's the difference between そうですね, そうですか, そうです

How are the following different: そうです (thats right) そうですか (i see; is that so) そうですね (thats right) also what's the difference between いいです and いいですね? reference or sentence in context much ...
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か as a suffix to mean "a few": Why is 何__かがVERB not allowed

Here is yet another puzzling sentence for me from a dictionary I am using: 何ページ か 欠けている。 A few pages are missing. (研究社) My understanding is that while 何ページ ambiguously means "what/which/how many ...
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What's the meaning of the particle のか in this context?

I think the sentence can be understood on its own, but I'm giving some context anyway. Editor and author talk about a character. Editor: 彼女は作中で優しい子だと言われています。実際そうだと思うんですけど、彼女の優しさって描くのむずかしいと思うんですよ。 ...
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1 answer
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を after particle (であるかを)

This is probably an easy question, but I can't find a clear satisfying answer to it after looking it up so I figured I'd ask here. 自分がどんな人であるかを知ってもらいたい 1) Why can を act on a particle? I understand ...
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1 answer
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Seeking translation help with か between two verbs and と

よだかは口を大きくひらいて、はねをまっすぐに張って、まるで矢のようにそらをよこぎりました。からだがつちにつくかつかないうちに、よだかはひらりとまたそらへはねあがりました。 I'm having trouble parsing that 2nd sentence especially the usage of the bolded か , うちに and と. Right now, I'm ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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The use of か [ka]

So I've been wondering around, thinking about if it would be wrong to use the character か after the shortened phrase 元気。That is 元気 as in [ お元気ですか?]. Would it still mean the same if you did it like ...
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Can 何か be a question word?

The following sentences are from the JP children's book よだかの星:「ね、まあ、あのくちのおおきいことさ。きっと、かえるの親類か何かなんだよ。」The 2nd sentence feels like an implied question e.g. "Surely, [he] is kin of a frog or something." (...
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8 votes
1 answer
389 views

In informal speech is か used or omitted?

I've heard different things - on the one hand saying things like 高いか, きれいか, or 飲むか is too aggressive, but in my grammar book it says that か is used with informal forms. Furthermore I'm told that ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Word choose between か and のか

I have a question about the following sentence: お母さんが、八百屋で長いこと、何を買うか決まらず迷っています。 Is it possible to replace "か" with "のか" without misunderstanding in this sentence? Namely, お母さんが、八百屋で長いこと、...
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1 answer
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Can particles と and か be used together? If so what is the implication?

When connecting nouns, と means "and" and か means "or." Can I use them together? Ex. ツナか牛肉とチーズでサンドイッチを作る。 I think this would mean "I make a sandwich with tuna or beef and cheese." If this is the ...
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2 votes
2 answers
358 views

"correct" formation of questions

A comment in some vb.net code is as follows: 現在の時刻が設定時間と一致しているか確認する Meaning, (the following bit of code) checks if the current time matches the configured one. According to what I learnt from ...
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