Questions tagged [particle-は]

助詞「は」. Indicates the topic of a sentence or shows contrast in the universe of discourse.

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1answer
165 views

私は or この手紙は that means I wrote this letter

‎What is the difference between 私はあなたの鉛筆でこの手紙を書きました。 and この手紙はあなたの鉛筆で書きました。 Do the two sentences have the same meaning? I'm trying to say: I wrote this letter with your pen.
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"I ate a lemon" and "a lemon I ate"

Consider this: watashi wa remon wo tabeta This is translated as I ate a lemon. How about this? remon wo watashi wa tabeta This can be translated 2 ways: 1) A lemon I ate However, it also ...
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Undertstanding 88歳の草間彌生さんは水玉の絵などが有名な芸術家で

88歳の草間彌生さんは水玉の絵などが有名な芸術家で、世界でも人気があります。 88 year old 草間彌生さん ??? and is popular even in (the rest of) the world. I'm having problems parsing the first clause. 草間彌生さんは有名な芸術家で 草間彌生 is a famous ...
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Using も or は/が in し sentences

When doing a bit of research into ~し sentences I've found that sometimes は/が is used and sometimes も is used, which is a bit confusing. For example, お金もないし、時間もないし、困ったな. お金はないし、時間はないし、困ったな. ...
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[Noun 1]は[Noun 2]が[Adjective] or [Noun 1]の[Noun 2]は[Adjective]

Consider the phrase: The Winters of Quebec are cold. I understand that the correct form is ケベックは冬が寒いです。 Since a possessive form is involved here (the Winters of Quebec), why is ケベックの冬は寒いです。 not ...
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Where is the topic in a Japanese sentence?

I'm currently learning Japanese, and I realise that the language has something known as a topic, something which is unheard of in English. According to Wikipedia, It is written with the hiragana は,...
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The は particle following a noun's わ?

I was looking for improvements on my vocabulary and then I saw the word telephone which accordinly to Genki series is でんわ, but let's suppose that I want to say This telephone is white, is gramatically ...
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Is it the easy way to remember to use が?

I come to my realization that I should use the particle が to introduce a new thing that a listener does not know about (and intend to know about). For example: トニー:このオープニングはいいですね。 ルーシー:...
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Is 〜でなかった valid?

I have from the entry for 実際 of ウィズダム英和・和英辞書 the following sentence: 彼は医者だと言ったが実際はそうでなかった。 He said he was a doctor, but in fact he was not. From what I understand, the 「〜でなかった」 here is ...
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は is used for Objective 格助詞

In the following sentence, why 'は’, not 'を’、is used as 格助詞?? 私は借りたお金はすぐ返します。
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Why is "konnichi wa" written with は and not わ? [duplicate]

Why is "konnichi wa" in hiragana with は and not わ?
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107 views

Confusion: は/が with 思う

So I've been exploring the semi-new Japanese Duolingo course and came across this: 彼は今日学校に来ると思います。 I interpretted it as He thinks he (himself) will come to school today. But Duo had it as I think he ...
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implicated differences between は and が [duplicate]

I understand a lot of Japanese is not spoken and implicated through context, but don't really understand the culture behind it. What are the implicated differences between は and が in the following ...
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What is the difference between these sentences used が and は

I'm trying to translate an English sentence into Japanese , but i got some problems and confuse which should i use between が or は . So please tell me which is the correct one . ジョンさんは休日にいつも東京にいる。 ...
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562 views

Usage of「が」and 「は」in ~くれる [duplicate]

everyone. May I know why does different particle is used in the following examples? 小林さんは私にチョコをくれた。 友達が私にチョコをくれた。 姉が娘におもちゃをくれた。 Thanks.
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Why wa in Karaoke wa suki desu ka?

I recently came across an example in a text book カラオケは好きですか。 and was not sure why wa was used here instead of ga?
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Wanai vs Arimasen

I want to say "I am not your dad" in Japanese. Google Translate say that it would be 私はあなたのお父さんではない (Watashi wa anata no otōsande wanai) But why is it Watashi wa anata no otōsande arimasen
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Why is "ashita kaerimasu" not "ashita wa kaerimasu"? is the particle wa being omitted or is it not necessary?

The sentence Ashita wa ame ga furu deshou uses a "wa" after ashita. But the sentence Ashita kaerimasu doesn't. Why is that? Is it being omitted or would it be wrong to say ashita wa ...
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The difference between は and を? [duplicate]

Hello everyone as the title states I am having difficulty understanding when to use the correct particle. As an example 肉は食べません (I do not eat meat) and やさいを食べます (I eat vegetables) Is it ...
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Structure behind 気になってはいても

気になってはいても、誰もそのことには触れていない。 I guess its something along the lines of (we) were concerned but no one touched on the subject. How does 気になってはいても work and how does it differ from 気になっても? thanks
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Can you use は to mark the object with negative verbs? [duplicate]

I've been studying Japanese for about two years, and recently started working though Japanese Duolingo. I'm confused by their particle usage for verbs: 魚を食べます versus 魚は食べません I.e using を for ...
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Is "は" really a "topic marker"?

I hope this doesn't count as one of the は/が difference duplicates (that isn't what I'm asking), but I'm slightly confused about how to think of the は particle. I've heard it called the "topic marker", ...
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こども "が" ねて いますから

こどもが ねて いますから、しずかに して ください。  こどもは ねて いますから、しずかに して ください。 I know that the 2nd one is incorrect. But why? To my understanding, が is used to emphasize the subject we can hear or see, while は is rather ...
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can が be used like this?

this is a small conversation -どこで食べる -イタリアレストランではどう my grammer book says that using どう usually opens up a new topic for example about the location but if i didn't use どう and instead was stating the ...
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The meaning and nuance behind the phrase "話は通してある"

話は通してある This is a phrase I've come across a few times recently in manga. For example: 「ユキにも話は通してある」 I'm not familiar with it so I'm not quite sure of it's correct meaning and usage, looking ...
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Where does the particle は come from?

In A Dictionary to Basic Japanese Grammar, it says under the conditional ば that this is the origin of the topic particle は but I haven't been able to find where this claim comes from. Does anyone know ...
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Difference between 時に、時は、時には

I am having a hard time figuring these out, it turns out that I get corrected by native speakers a lot, when I use one of them, they will correct me saying that another particle should be used ...
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Can particle は use cases be summarized by a single inclusive term "disambiguation"?

Particle は is often called topic, emphasis, contrast, etc. particle. Can particle は use cases be summarized by a single term disambiguation? If one could think of は as disambiguation particle should ...
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When to use は instead of other particles

I have seen that は acts as a sort of negation (or contrast) particle, although I'm not sure how it works, for example: 1) わたし は ともだち が いません 2) わたし の ともだち が いません Is 1) the only correct sentence? Why? ...
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Can someone explain the contrastive は to me?

Can someone explain to me how the contrastive は works? As I still don't get it. How exactly does it work? Is it derived from it's topical cousin? How does it modify the topic of discourse? For ...
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756 views

How is ではなく formed?

この女の人はペンチではなく、ハンマーを使っています。 I believe the sentence means The woman is using a hammer, not a pliers. But I couldn't understand ではなく, how is this structure formed?
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More complex sentences - When to use は? When to use が?

I know the basics about the difference in the usage between は and が. Nevertheless, when it comes to more complex sentences, I encounter difficulties that I want to explain on base of some examples. ...
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When sentences have several clauses with several subjects/topics, do they use more than one "ga" or "wa"?

I was explained in english stack exchange that the phrase "I always believed I was the only one who could make you happy." has several clauses, each one has a subject. [I always believed [(that) (2)...
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dai 3 ka renshuu A 5 ( minna no nihongo 1 )

i have a doubt. In the lesson 3 practice A 5: [x] wa [ y ] desu x= something y= place That mean the X is in the place Y. Like in " The CAR ( x ) is in the GARAGE ( y ) " BUT the exemples are ...
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What does ては mean in this sentence?

寝太郎{ねたろう}はのんきに空{そら}をながめては暮{く}らしておりました。 My translation: Netarou was living by heedlessly looking the sky. What does ては mean in this sentence?
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How to say "There is (A) in (B)(Location)."

How do you say that there is a thing (e.g.: Restaurant ) in a certain place (e.g.: My town)? Is there a formula for this? If someone were to ask me if there was a restaurant in my city they would say ...
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why this sentence has this grammatical structure? 話し手も相手も共通に知っている場合

The phrase "話し手も相手も共通に知っている場合" was translated in this board as "When both the speaker and listener know the subject" I dont understand 2 things about this sentence. What's the use of ni in this ...
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は、が、を、に and information structure of Japanese Question

I read 日本語の助詞(情報構造) and from what I understand it says: What comes before は is old information and after it it's new information. (This makes sense to me). What comes before が is new information (...
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In this dialogue, why is は used in the question, but が in the answer?

田中さんは今日来ますか。 はい、来ますよ。あ、田中さんが 来ました。   Does Tanaka san come today? Yes, he does. Oh, Tanaka san came. I don't understand the use of が in the second sentence.
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Difference between 彼はかなり英語が上手です and 彼の英語はかなり上手です

Now I have been self studying Japanese for 1 and a half year now. Today I came across this sentence: 彼はかなり英語が上手です。 He is pretty good at English. I have always been taught that I should construct ...
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why it's needed a second に in the sentence 東京に行くには何で行きますか?

From the answer in another question of this board, 東京に行くには何で行きますか translates as "About you going to Tokyo, how are you going?" . Why is the second "ni" needed in this sentence?
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"半日のツアーはありますか。" question

When I am learning Japanese I encounter this sentence. I think that the particle が should be always used, but は was used instead. Could it be a typo? Or something I have not learned yet? In other ...
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Difference between しておる and してはおる

Source sentence: 日本語能力を含め社会人として、まだまだ至らぬ身であると重々承知してはおりますが、是非、本件について連絡を頂きたく存じます。 For saying I humbly do something, I understand it's normal to say しておる instead of している. I read on this post that using ...
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Understanding とは in this sentence

Maruko's cousin is charging her money for dealing with her dead pets. When Maruko complains about an aditional charge he says: 「あたりまえだ。さっきのは生きてるか死んでるか確認するためにもらったお金だろ。死がいの穴埋めとは別だぞ。」 Of course. I ...
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Another は and に question for 「わたしゃキモチ悪くて見れないんだよ」

「わたしゃキモチ悪くて見れないんだよ」 It's disgusting and I can't look. Sometimes は still confuses me. I assume I should parse this as わたしゃ(キモチ悪くて見れないんだよ) with an implied subject for 気持ち悪い i.e. 'it'. I started ...
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1answer
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Why does は refer to a particular rather than general in some cases?

The sentence I am asking about is the following [魚]{さかな}が[好]{す}きじゃない[人]{ひと}は、[肉]{にく}が[好]{す}きだ 」 Person who does not like fish like meat Source: Tae Kim's Guide to Learning Japanese My understanding, ...
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は in front of verb without it being nominalized [duplicate]

Can は follow a verb that has not been nominalized or is this just the character's peculiar way of speaking for example: 美しきものは空の上、楽しげなるは海の底。 私に能うるは世を羨みながら蒲団の壁蝨養うことのみ。
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154 views

「今はいない」as a response to 「彼女いるの?」

I get asked this question a lot, and most of the time, I would reply 今はいない. However, recently I thought that I might be unintentionally lying. Can anyone tell me which of the following does it usually ...
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754 views

"Te-form" versus "masu-stem + して" (消しているうちに versus 消ししているうちに)

Is there any difference between 消して and 消しして in the following sentences? For example, A: 手紙を書いては消し、書いては消ししているうちに、朝になってしまった。 B: 手紙を書いては消し、書いては消しているうちに、朝になってしまった。
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Differentiate 'niwa" and "ni" when indicating a position

I am here again! I am just starting learning this amazing language and thanks for everyone's help. So I heard that to say "I speak fast in English" I say: Egoniwa hayakuhanashimasu. What does the ...

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