Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [particle-は]

助詞「は」. Indicates the topic of a sentence or shows contrast in the universe of discourse.

6
votes
1answer
170 views

Using particles with a time as a topic

If I wanted to say "I ate something this morning" or "Did you eat something this morning", would I use a particle with "this morning"? Example: けさ、なにかたべましたか? vs けさはなにかたべましたか?
2
votes
2answers
177 views

Why is this 少し followed by は?

The 少し and は I'm referring to is from the lyrics of a song called Don't you see!: Don't you see! 願っても祈っても 奇跡 思い出 少しは気にかけて I don't quite understand why the 少し is followed by は because 少し is not a ...
3
votes
1answer
226 views

会話では助詞を省略することができるかできないか、くわしく説明してもらいたいです。

会話では助詞を省略することができるかできないか、くわしく説明してもらいたいです。
2
votes
1answer
97 views

The particle は (wa)

I'm studying Japanese with みんなの日本語. In one page there are this two examples: にちようびは なにを しましたか. どようび なにを しましたか. Why one of them have the particle は and the other hasn't? It's a mistake or something? ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Using お or わ (wa or o)

ごみわべつのふくろにいれます(Gomi wa betsu no fukuro ni iremasu) べつのふくろにごみおいれます (Betsu no fukuro ni gomi o iremasu) ごみおべつのふくろにいれます(Gomi o betsu no fukuro ni iremasu) Which if not all, is appropriate?
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Would both of these sentences be correct?

Would both of these sentences be correct? Do they both have the same meaning? たくやの後ろに彰が座っています。Akira is sitting behind Takuya. 彰はたくやの後ろに座っています。Akira is sitting behind Takuya.
4
votes
2answers
159 views

Adjectives and particles が に

Adjectives describe a noun which is marked by が. 僕は料理が得意。 Could it be rewritten as 僕には料理が得意。 Or is it wrong? Regarding adjectives, a sentence like this would be correct: 僕にはペンが必要です。...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

De wa or dewa, noob question

What does dewa mean here? ブラウンさん、日本語では、トイレはお手洗いと同じ意味ですよ I haven't really studied it yet and thought it was kind of a negative used like janai, but here it means- Brown-san, in Japanese, toilet ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What does …なくはない mean?

Initial searching in Japanese-Japanese dictionaries seem to suggest that it's along the lines of "has a bit of ..., so saying otherwise would be wrong", "more so than not", and is a synonym to ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Can は be used to mean “at least” [duplicate]

As Noguchi walks away from the girls he overhears them whispering something. The narrator says: すると五メートルは離れていたはずなのに、野口さんがピクっと立ち止まった。 And then, even though they expected him to be five metres away,...
4
votes
3answers
183 views

Does this sentence make sense? [closed]

Does this sentence make sense? 山本さんは水曜日の食事が体に悪いと思います。 It's supposed to mean: I think Yamamoto's Wednesday meal was unhealthy (lit. bad for the body) I'm particularly unsure about my use of the ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

When to use が and when to use は [duplicate]

I am a little confused when speaking Japanese when I should use が and when I should use は. For example, 学校はたのしかったです。or 学校がたのしかったです。What is the rule of when to use が and when to use は in a context?
7
votes
3answers
205 views

What does the 「たあ」 do in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. はったりにせよ おれたちをこいつらよばわりするたあ りっぱな度胸だぜ。 Is it a particle for emphasizing the sentence or making the verb よばわりする as imperative or something else?
3
votes
1answer
818 views

Meaning of verb followed by ちゃ

A mother is scolding her daughter. The uncle (Tomozou) speaks first: 「おかあさん、お歳暮の広告見ちゃダメ?」 友蔵が頼んでもおかあさんは首を縦に振らなかった。 「ダメですっ。」 "Mother, is looking at year-end adverts not allowed?" Even ...
6
votes
2answers
153 views

Am I correctly using は and が here.

A friend mentioned that he's sometimes not understood well in English. I thought his English was perfectly OK. I responded, それはそうだかもしりませんが私があなたの言うことは通じます Am I using these particles correctly? ...
6
votes
1answer
146 views

What is the nuance of わかりゃあせん vs regular わかりません?

I heard the following phrase spoken in Osaka: そう泣いてばかりではわかりゃあせん Is it regional? Does it have any nuance to it? Is it a more regular pattern or just an intonation of this particular phrase? (...
1
vote
2answers
500 views

は and を or の and わ

Okay, so I learned a little while ago that 私は日本語を悪いです is what you should say. But someone who is Japanese told me that 私の日本語わ悪いです is correct. So now I'm a little confused. Are both correct?...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

私には無理です or 私は無理です

Why does the expression "impossible for me" in Japanese have 私には instead of just 私は?
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Can “AはBに影響されない” and “AはBに影響しない” ever have the same meaning?

In a conversation, I wanted to say: A does not affect B. We'd been discussing A and B for awhile, and I said: (1) AはBを影響{えいきょう}しない。 I was stopped and told to say: (2) AはBに影響されない。 then ...
6
votes
1answer
205 views

Multiple は particles in a sentence

I came across the following sentence in a website: 人々は月はチーズの球だと考えました This sentence seems to have two topic particles: 人々 is the topic of the main sentence because "people thought something" (人々は......
3
votes
1answer
260 views

'私は学生です' & '夜に部屋では電気をつけない' : 'は' 'では'

I'm so confused about the sentence structure'...では...' we say '私は学生です' 'は' here can mean 'be' but Japanese people would say '夜に部屋では電気をつけない' and 'その店では洋書が売られている' So the first sentence mean '(I) don't ...
3
votes
2answers
189 views

Should you use は or が when you have a compound subject?

What do you put in as the subject marker if there is more than one subject? For example Adam と Sarah ___ すしがすきです.
2
votes
2answers
623 views

じゃ意味がない / じゃNounがない

I am quite familiar with Noun じゃない and Na-adj じゃない - in both cases, they negate the noun or na-adjective, and じゃ is a colloquial form of では; ない is the plain form of ありません. I also know that じゃ conveys ...
5
votes
1answer
862 views

が in subordinate clauses

Since you can't use は in subordinate clauses, it looks to me like が is forced to take on both roles, so how would we distinguish them? For example, if we have the sentence 僕が好きな動物 how do we ...
2
votes
1answer
243 views

Is this は contrastive?

ヒューマンと同程度の体格を誇るキラーアントを除けば、パープル・モスとニードルラビットは小型種のモンスターなので、やろうと思えば確かにそこまで手間はかからない。 I'm unsure how to interpret that は in that part of the sentence. I'm assuming it's a contrastive は but I'm not sure ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

double ては in a sentence

「……そも、この学園にはその軋みがないものね。術式めいてはいるだけでは何も起きる訳がない、か」 In this school there are no such conflicts. And I really have no idea bout the second part. Can someone explain it to me? Added fantranslation of ...
7
votes
1answer
379 views

には with plain form of verb

I'm trying to figure out what this sentence below means, but I'm having trouble with the には after the dictionary form of いる. もう1匹居るには居るんじゃが…。 I've read Dictionary form of verb followed by に, but ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Why is the が particle being used with these adjectives

I'm learning the use of なる with adjectives/nouns in my textbook. I was given two examples and in both the particle が was used. ex.1 にほんごのべんきょうがすきになりました。 I have grown fond of studying Japanese. ...
5
votes
1answer
160 views

「私の緊張のあまり」 vs.「私は緊張のあまり」in this sentence?

sentence #1: 自分{じぶん}の番{ばん}が近{ちか}づいてきたとき、私{わたし}は緊張{きんちょう}のあまり頭{あたま}の中{なか}が真{ま}っ白{しろ}になってしまった。 sentence #2: 自分の番が近づいてきたとき、緊張のあまり、私は頭の中が真っ白になってしまった。 sentence #3: 自分の番が近づいてきたとき、...
4
votes
1answer
263 views

Na-adjectives before は

Do na-adjectives need a な before a は? もっと きれいなは どうですか。 もっと きれいは どうですか。 Which is correct? Personally I think な is needed as the sentence is a shorter form of もっと きれいな ハンドバッグは どうですか。(replace ...
6
votes
1answer
87 views

Grammar behind adverbs + は

This is the sentence in question: 寂しくはあったけれど... My impression is that it means "There was loneliness but" or "He/She/It was lonely but". However I don't understand the grammar behind it. It looks to ...
5
votes
1answer
761 views

What is the difference between 時に and 時は

昨日雨が降っていた時に、私は家にいました。 昨日雨が降っていた時は、私は家にいました。 How do these two sentences differ in meaning? Thank you.
5
votes
1answer
371 views

Does “私は山田さんが描きました。” make sense in Japanese?

Is this sentence put together correctly? I'm trying to say "I drew (name on person)" formally. Drew as in "drew a picture of". In this case I will be using Yamada-san as an example. 私は山田さんが描きました。 ...
7
votes
1answer
630 views

Does は mean 'at least' in this sentence?

I can't catch the grammar of the following sentence 今なら嫉妬で100人は殺{ヤ}れますよ。 In the previous text there was no reference to 100人. What is the function of は here? Is it a contrastive marker used ...
4
votes
1answer
269 views

understanding the meaning of わけはない

From the Progressive Japanese-English dictionary: 彼を操縦するなどわけはない I can easily twist [wind] him around [((英)) round] my little finger. Can you please tell me what わけはない means in this sentence? ...
3
votes
1answer
244 views

Causative を and は, are they interchangable?

For example in this sentence 「―――いえ。 誰にも遠野くんは傷つけさせません。 それだけは信じてください」 ……というか、そんな事より旅費とかパスポートとかを心配してしまう自分の小市民ぶりが情けない。 or this one 「……兄さん。秋葉にとって、兄さんは本当に一番大切な人だった。 だって、どんなに焦がれていても、...
4
votes
0answers
199 views

Questions about 「とは」and 「思わなんだ」 [duplicate]

Here is the sentence relating to the questions. こんなうすぎたねえ車の中で また おあいできるとは思わなんだぜ。 1) Why is the 「は」included with the particle 「と」? I think only 「と」would be enough to be used with the verb 「思う」. Or ...
5
votes
1answer
198 views

えらかない - strange conjugation of えらい

I understand that えらい is an adjective which means distinguished/famous etc. Then I came across this conversation 「おいらよりマシかぁ、なぁんだ、じゃあえらいなぁ。」 「別にえらかァないよ...」 "Preferable to me!? What! Well, ...
8
votes
2answers
346 views

Combinatorical relative clauses

I have 3 sentences, each with relative clause as follows. By considering the English translation, is my understanding correct? A: 私が好きな女性はたばこを吸わない。 A': The woman who likes me does not smoke. ...
4
votes
2answers
385 views

Grammar behind a train transfer announcement

An example of a regular announcement on a train: 次は本町 本町 中央線 御堂筋線 は お乗り換えです My main concern here is the second は (in bold). It does not seem to be a topic marker, it does not seem to be a binding ...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

Grammatical construction「placeはsubplace、story」 as an introduction

In old stories I often find the following structure: general place は specific place 、 story unfolds for example: ① 江戸は芝、増上寺門前町で (例: ◯◯人が歩いた) ② 東海道は宮宿、ただいま名古屋市の熱田神宮辺で (例: ◯◯浪人の二人が出会った) I took ...
-1
votes
1answer
175 views

Difference between は and が [duplicate]

What is the difference between は and が ? when and how do we use these?
7
votes
2answers
418 views

When do you mark きょう or other similar relative time expressions with は

I've been trying to make proper sentences using the word きょう when I realized that I'm not really actually sure when I'm suppose to mark it with は. I know relative time expressions tend to stand alone ...
-9
votes
1answer
491 views

What is the difference between は and を?

They seem to be used in the same way.
6
votes
1answer
152 views

What does the は in this sentence do?

力任せに壁面に罅{ひび}を刻んでは一つ、また一つと体のパーツを外気に晒{さら}していく。 What does は do here? Is it contrasting? Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
725 views

Specifying location: Do you use ga/wa and does the word order matter?

Here are some Japanese sentences: A) Uses ga. Subject comes first Who is (existing) over there? / Dare-ga asoko-ni imasu ka? だれが あそこに います か。 B) Uses ga. Location comes first There is a ...
2
votes
1answer
427 views

Topic particle after “expression of time”

I am reading chapter 4 from the JLPT N5 book, where I found the following sentence: 昨日勉強しましたか。 After 昨日, why wasn't there a topic particle? Is "昨日は勉強しましたか。" an incorrect sentence?
1
vote
2answers
443 views

Why としては instead of として

Please consider the following sentence: 呼びかけの言葉としては、貴方、が好きですが... As a form of address, I like 貴方 (then goes on to explain that he means when written in kanji, not hiragana) According to DBJG ...
4
votes
1answer
215 views

Can を be used when asking for how many of an object?

First Japanese Stack Exchange question :D I'm reading a Japanese book and one of the chapter got me thinking. The book wrote it like this: How many pencils are there ? えんぴつはなんぼんですか。 Can we not not ...
2
votes
2answers
153 views

Can you transform “[wanter]-wa [wanted thing]-ga hoshii” to “[wanter]-ni [wanted thing]-ga hoshii”? Or anything else?

So a normal way to say "Bob wants a burger" might be: bobu-wa hanbaaga-ga hoshii bob-TOPIC burger-NOMINATIVE is_wanted as for Bob, a burger is wanted [I'm only vaguely familiar with ...