Questions tagged [particle-は]

助詞「は」. Indicates the topic of a sentence or shows contrast in the universe of discourse.

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1answer
182 views

The meaning and nuance behind the phrase “話は通してある”

話は通してある This is a phrase I've come across a few times recently in manga. For example: 「ユキにも話は通してある」 I'm not familiar with it so I'm not quite sure of it's correct meaning and usage, looking ...
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101 views

Where does the particle は come from?

In A Dictionary to Basic Japanese Grammar, it says under the conditional ば that this is the origin of the topic particle は but I haven't been able to find where this claim comes from. Does anyone know ...
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806 views

Difference between 時に、時は、時には

I am having a hard time figuring these out, it turns out that I get corrected by native speakers a lot, when I use one of them, they will correct me saying that another particle should be used ...
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317 views

Can particle は use cases be summarized by a single inclusive term “disambiguation”?

Particle は is often called topic, emphasis, contrast, etc. particle. Can particle は use cases be summarized by a single term disambiguation? If one could think of は as disambiguation particle should ...
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3answers
164 views

When to use は instead of other particles

I have seen that は acts as a sort of negation (or contrast) particle, although I'm not sure how it works, for example: 1) わたし は ともだち が いません 2) わたし の ともだち が いません Is 1) the only correct sentence? Why? ...
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Can someone explain the contrastive は to me?

Can someone explain to me how the contrastive は works? As I still don't get it. How exactly does it work? Is it derived from it's topical cousin? How does it modify the topic of discourse? For ...
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1answer
264 views

How is ではなく formed?

この女の人はペンチではなく、ハンマーを使っています。 I believe the sentence means "The woman is using a hammer, not a pliers". But I couldn't understand ではなく, how is this structure formed?
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More complex sentences - When to use は? When to use が?

I know the basics about the difference in the usage between は and が. Nevertheless, when it comes to more complex sentences, I encounter difficulties that I want to explain on base of some examples. ...
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442 views

When sentences have several clauses with several subjects/topics, do they use more than one “ga” or “wa”?

I was explained in english stack exchange that the phrase "I always believed I was the only one who could make you happy." has several clauses, each one has a subject. [I always believed [(that) (2)...
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862 views

dai 3 ka renshuu A 5 ( minna no nihongo 1 )

i have a doubt. In the lesson 3 practice A 5: [x] wa [ y ] desu x= something y= place That mean the X is in the place Y. Like in " The CAR ( x ) is in the GARAGE ( y ) " BUT the exemples are ...
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1answer
296 views

What does ては mean in this sentence?

寝太郎はのんきに空をながめては暮らしておりました。 My translation: Netarou was living by heedlessly looking the sky. What does ては mean in this sentence?
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How to say “There is (A) in (B)(Location).”

How do you say that there is a thing (e.g.: Restaurant ) in a certain place (e.g.: My town)? Is there a formula for this? If someone were to ask me if there was a restaurant in my city they would say ...
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111 views

why this sentence has this grammatical structure? 話し手も相手も共通に知っている場合

The phrase "話し手も相手も共通に知っている場合" was translated in this board as "When both the speaker and listener know the subject" I dont understand 2 things about this sentence. What's the use of ni in this ...
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は、が、を、に and information structure of Japanese Question

I read 日本語の助詞(情報構造) and from what I understand it says: What comes before は is old information and after it it's new information. (This makes sense to me). What comes before が is new information (...
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Can someone explain me the use of は and が in this sentence?

田中さんは今日来ますか。 はい、来ますよ。あ、田中さんが 来ました。   Does Tanaka san come today? Yes, he does. Oh, Tanaka san came. I don't understand the use of が in the second sentence. Can someone ...
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1answer
136 views

Difference between 彼はかなり英語が上手です and 彼の英語はかなり上手です

Now I have been self studying Japanese for 1 and a half year now. Today I came across this sentence: 彼はかなり英語が上手です。 He is pretty good at English. I have always been taught that I should construct ...
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1answer
92 views

why it's needed a second に in the sentence 東京に行くには何で行きますか?

From the answer in another question of this board, 東京に行くには何で行きますか translates as "About you going to Tokyo, how are you going?" . Why is the second "ni" needed in this sentence?
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“半日のツアーはありますか。” question

When I am learning Japanese I encounter this sentence. I think that the particle が should be always used, but は was used instead. Could it be a typo? Or something I have not learned yet? In other ...
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2answers
527 views

Difference between しておる and してはおる

Source sentence: 日本語能力を含め社会人として、まだまだ至らぬ身であると重々承知してはおりますが、是非、本件について連絡を頂きたく存じます。 For saying I humbly do something, I understand it's normal to say しておる instead of している. I read on this post that ...
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Understanding とは in this sentence

Maruko's cousin is charging her money for dealing with her dead pets. When Maruko complains about an aditional charge he says: 「あたりまえだ。さっきのは生きてるか死んでるか確認するためにもらったお金だろ。死がいの穴埋めとは別だぞ。」 Of course. I ...
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Another は and に question for 「わたしゃキモチ悪くて見れないんだよ」

「わたしゃキモチ悪くて見れないんだよ」 It's disgusting and I can't look. Sometimes は still confuses me. I assume I should parse this as わたしゃ(キモチ悪くて見れないんだよ) with an implied subject for 気持ち悪い i.e. 'it'. I started ...
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Why does は refer to a particular rather than general in some cases?

The sentence I am asking about is the following [魚]{さかな}が[好]{す}きじゃない[人]{ひと}は、[肉]{にく}が[好]{す}きだ 」 Person who does not like fish like meat Source: Tae Kim's Guide to Learning Japanese My ...
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は in front of verb without it being nominalized [duplicate]

Can は follow a verb that has not been nominalized or is this just the character's peculiar way of speaking for example: 美しきものは空の上、楽しげなるは海の底。 私に能うるは世を羨みながら蒲団の壁蝨養うことのみ。
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1answer
148 views

「今はいない」as a response to 「彼女いるの?」

I get asked this question a lot, and most of the time, I would reply 今はいない. However, recently I thought that I might be unintentionally lying. Can anyone tell me which of the following does it usually ...
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“Te-form” versus “masu-stem + して” (消しているうちに versus 消ししているうちに)

Is there any difference between 消して and 消しして in the following sentences? For example, A: 手紙を書いては消し、書いては消ししているうちに、朝になってしまった。 B: 手紙を書いては消し、書いては消しているうちに、朝になってしまった。
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Differentiate 'niwa“ and ”ni" when indicating a position

I am here again! I am just starting learning this amazing language and thanks for everyone's help. So I heard that to say "I speak fast in English" I say: Egoniwa hayakuhanashimasu. What does the ...
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について as a topic marker

I don't know if this question is appropriate for this site or not, but I am going to ask this question hoping for clarification. When I hear について It feels like the declaration or introduction of ...
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283 views

What's the topic of 「彼の本は赤いです。」?

彼の本は赤いです。 His book is red. What is the topic? Is it him or the color red, since 赤い is after the は?
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Topic particles

ボブ:アリスは学生? Bob: Is Alice (you) student? アリス:うん、でもトムは学生じゃない。 Alice: Yeah, but Tom is not student. In this example the topic is about students. Why do you have to say student a second time ...
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Meaning of も and は in this sentence

I think it is safe to assume the speaker is also not the most organised person in this sentence: 「あなた、もう少し計画的に行動した方がいいよ。わたしも他人のことは言えないけどさ」 You should behave a little more systematically. I ? can'...
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Doubts about some sentences - は usage in combination with other particles

I'm studying for JLPT4 and i'm trying to understand the questions on the test sample of the official page. My doubts(bold words are the correct answer, i've checked it in the answers document): 誕生日に ...
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1answer
452 views

Differences between は and が [duplicate]

I am reading this article, however, I am not sure if I've already grasped that article correctly or not, so I really need someone to confirm whether my understanding is correct or not. First question ...
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この薬によっては副作用が出ることがあります。 Clarification on によっては

I was reading Kanzen Master Bunpou 2kyuu and I got to this sentence: この薬によっては副作用が出ることがあります。 I read the explanation and it's: ある~の場合には<(~によっては)が使われる> I looked up How does は apply itself to ...
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1answer
159 views

私はあおい車はすきだ (は as contrast particle) vs 私はあおい車がすきだ

I am learning about は particle that is used as contrast particle. suppose I want to express "I like blue car but I don't like any other colors". can I say it this way 私はあおい車はすきだ ? and what's the ...
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1answer
154 views

は and も particle opposition

は (pronounced as わ) being used in example sentences. This particle acts as a disambiguator when a sentence would otherwise be confusing in terms of who or what it was about, or what it was in relation ...
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Can the topic は be ordered after other words or phrases? [duplicate]

Consider the English sentence "I ate an apple in the train.". This can be translated to わたしは でんしゃで りんごを たべました。 It is possible to re-order the location and objects in this sentence. For instance, ...
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151 views

Direct Object as Topic

Can someone please give a simple example of a direct object acting as the topic of a sentence?
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297 views

「のは」 vs. 「には」 — as in 「嬉しいのは嬉しい」 「あるにはある」

Related: What is the meaning of 「読むには読んだ」? Related: には with plain form of verb dictionary.goo.ne.jp 「には」 3. (多く「…には…が」の形で、動詞や形容詞を繰り返して)一応その動作や状態は認めるが、それに関連して起こる動作や状態については関知したり容認したりしない意を表す。 「...
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と言えば and は as a topic marker.

For some reason I cannot seem to internalize は no matter what I do. I received a great explanation 4-5 days ago on this site but I don't know why I can't internalize it no matter what. While reading ...
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Replacing は with って

So I was talking to this girl, and she used the って in a rather odd way (at least one that I'm not acquainted with), I gave it some research and found out that って can replace は giving some kind of ...
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Does the も particle in this sentence have the role as は?

ハグリッドの声がくぐもっていた。 「淋しいといけないから、テディベアの縫いぐるみも入れてやった。」 Does the も particle in this sentence have the role as は, subject particle ? Then why is 入れて here still in active form ?
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Did I correctly express what I ate for dinner?

I wanted to say "Tonight I ate pizza and french fries." My attempt was 「今夜私はピザとフラドポテトを食べた。」 I'm unsure of a few things (I'm early in my learning of Japanese). I'm unsure if I correctly used the ...
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558 views

は topic particle. What does it mean?

I read different books and anyone has a different explanation. Some of them say: It does not have a gramamar role and native speakers only know that something about that is going to be said after ...
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369 views

The song 「雪が降る」 by アダモ goes --> ♪♪ 雪は降る あなたは来ない … ♪♪

ADAMO, [Tombe la neige] The song 「雪が降る」 by アダモ goes --> ♪♪ 雪は降る あなたは来ない ... ♪♪ Is there a good explanation for the difference between the title and how the song begins? -- 雪が vs. 雪は ... ...
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525 views

Use は or が with ある when the phrase doesn't explicit the place

I'm studying japanese from not that long and a doubt came to my mind studying ある and いる verbs, so sorry in advance if the question isn't clear. If we take those two phrases as example: A. ...
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591 views

Why does 「電話は切れた」 sound more adversarial than 「電話が切れた」?

I noticed that while 「…、電話が切れた」 sounds just like a neutral phrase ("... and the call got cut off."), 「…、電話は切れた」 sounds more like you were negatively affected / that the person on the other side ...
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138 views

〇〇さん「は・が」いらっしゃいますか?

I found this sentence on https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E3%81%84%E3%82%89%E3%81%A3%E3%81%97%E3%82%83%E3%82%8B and it struck me as odd. 山田【やまだ】さんがいらっしゃいますでしょうか。 Listening to my co-workers (...
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169 views

Can I replace X with an adjective in 「XはYです」?

I have been learning Japanese for a month now, using various online sources and the Genki I textbook. In the textbook, lesson 1 introduces the 「XはYです」sentence structure and although I'm way past this ...
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109 views

の or は, which particle would be a better choice in this sentence?

才能がないことはないけど、私(の or は)才能があまりすごくない。 "It's not that I don't have talent, but my talents aren't very cool." Which particle would be more acceptable? I ask this because in Japanese there are phrases ...
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372 views

Why say “〜、皆には出来る。” instead of “ 〜、皆は出来る。” in this context?

The sentence in a translation: 将来を見据えながら点と点を結ぶということなど、皆にはできません。 While looking at the future, one cannot see how to connect the dots. My assumption is that the following is the "base" sentence. ...