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Questions tagged [particle-は]

助詞「は」. Indicates the topic of a sentence or shows contrast in the universe of discourse.

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2answers
150 views

は after adverbs

I don' understand what it means/adds on these sentences, since there's an adverb before them and the particle can be omitted and it still makes sense 今は...しない 目の前でこんなに弱られたら誰だって少しは優しくなりますよ
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Why does 悪く(は)ない give a condescending feeling?

I thought it just meant "It's not bad" but I read some comments from Japanese people who said that it can sound too condescending or like the speaker feels superior to the listener. Why is that? In ...
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1answer
159 views

How can I tell if a は is the particle は and therefore should be pronounced わ?

On page 82 and 83 of Japanese for Busy People II (third edition), there's the following sentence (written mainly in kana with only a small amount of kanji) ミルズ:ええ。じつはちょっとねつがあるんです。さっき薬を買ってきて飲んだんですが…。(...
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1answer
246 views

に->には / で->では etc

My question is kinda simple (I hope). When somebody asks you, for example: 学生りょうにTVがありますか。 Can you answer: 台所にはありますが、部屋にはありません。 Or do you use: 台所にありますが、部屋にはありません。 Can you also explain ...
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1answer
934 views

About は particle and the 'contrast' it implies

I started learning Japanese about 2 months ago and today, while talking with a friend of mine who has been studying Japanese for about two years, he gave me this example scenario about は particle and ...
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2answers
106 views

Confused when determining the correct subject with 思います [duplicate]

I met the following sentence : あなたのお母さんは私が好きじゃないと思います I think your mother doesn't like me. As far I can tell, あなたのお母さん is the subject or topic marker of the sentence. But at the end of the ...
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1answer
167 views

Are there some cases where は and が are interchangable?

I understand that は and が can be very different in meaning & emotion, and some structures require one of them. However, are there some cases where I can use either of them but the sentence remains ...
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1answer
83 views

Deconstructing this format: AことはBことがあります

I was doing an N5 test, and this construction came up: 山田さんは大変いいひとですよ。(Context) 何も悪いことは聞いたことがありません。(Construction in question) While I understand the meaning alright (Nothing bad about 田中さん was ...
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1answer
120 views

Would someone mind checking my translation of -だか and a contrastive は?

If anyone is willing, I'd like to check my reading of the following sentence: ところが夜だかは、ほんとうは鷹の兄弟でも親類でもありませんでした。 "However, for a number of nights, there is a lie that [he] is a family member or even ...
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3answers
377 views

Does 私は地震が怖い make sense?

私は地震が怖い。 For me that's like saying 私は彼がきれいです. It doesn't make sense putting 私 here.
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1answer
304 views

Is writing the “wa particle” as は a modern convention?

Recently, I was given a copy of Complete Course of Japanese Conversation-Grammar by Oreste and Enko Elisa Vaccari. As it dates back to 1967, I was expecting at least a few things to be a bit old-...
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2answers
126 views

What is the inheritance order of も and は topics?

Can a topic that is identified via the も particle be included in a は topic that comes AFTER it? e.g. Two sequential sentences from a book I'm reading: 1st Sentence: ほかの鳥は、もう、よだかの顔を見ただけでも、...
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1answer
158 views

4x“は” as Contrast Marker

Is the following sentence O.K.? そのようなブラシ付モーターが、 高い回転数領域では、確かに、優れた出力性能は発揮しますが、 惜しい事に、定常作動に於いては、結局、十分な静的性能は発揮しないという結果となります。 I am using for times "は" as contrast marker to indicate two contrasts. ...
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1answer
326 views

Proper Use of “は” and “が” Noun

I am really despairing. Recently, I was forwarded a link by my Japanese colleague. It is about the proper use of "は" and "が". https://www.alc.co.jp/jpn/article/faq/03/19.html What is stated here, ...
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2answers
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Why is this は positioned like that here?

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0202.html?utm_int=news_contents_news-closeup_002 The sentence in question: 山田さんによると、八王子は何度か大規模な火災に見舞われ、戦時中は大規模な空襲も受けたことから、...
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1answer
158 views

I don't understand why my は was changed to a に when a native corrected my sentence

My sentence: 彼はこれを出来るなら僕は矢っ張り出来る Correction: 彼にそれが出来るなら、僕にもできる I can understand the rest of the changes, but why はー>に ? All they said was that it sounded more natural but they weren't sure why. ...
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2answers
117 views

For phrases modifying nouns, is the subject considered part of the modifier or separate?

Oftentimes I see phrases such as this in songs and such: 僕は迷い込んだ夢の中 I always interpreted these as the first part all modifying the noun, i.e. "Inside the dream I was lost in," here. However, when I ...
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1answer
427 views

tamago o yoku tabemasu

tamago o yoku tabemasu. kudamono wa amari tabemasen. Why for the first sentence with tamago, the particle "o" is used where as for the second sentence with kudamono, particle "wa" is used?
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1answer
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Difference between ”が”はじまる and ”は”はじまる [duplicate]

I asked my teacher why is "が”はじまる instead of ”は”はじまる. She said "が” is always put before はじまる. But she said there are circumstances that ”は” is put before はじまる too. She said there are rules meanwhile ...
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1answer
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Particle は seems like it should be を in this sentence

So I'm translating this song (https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/pages/31606.html) and the particle usage in a line confused me: チョコレート中毒さ それはもう大変な (this is just for context) Chocolate poisoning, it's ...
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1answer
77 views

Inferred particles - should I infer は or に in this sentence?

I was translating this song (https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/pages/31606.html) and there was a line that didn't make sense without an inferred particle, but I'm not sure which particle to infer. (...
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1answer
97 views

Particle usage of は and が in this sentence

I had some particle trouble translating these lines: 四月の魚は風が吹いて 長い髪が揺れている The first two lines seem to go together in one sentence, but then there would be too many particles. I have it as "The ...
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2answers
123 views

What is the purpose of では in this context [duplicate]

Person A: どんな ときに しゅくだいを する ことが できませんか? Person B: きょうしつで とか かいしゃでは できません。 I understand what 「で」is doing (indicating the place) but what about 'wa' in this case? thanks in advance
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2answers
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Is it OK to promote an object as the topic and change all relevant verbs to passive forms?

Once I have thrown an opponent to the ground and if I push his elbow outward, he will automatically lie face down to counter his pain. 相手は投げられてから、外側に肘を押されると、痛くならないように自動にうつ伏す。 Is it OK to promote ...
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1answer
874 views

「は」vs 「が」 in subordinate clauses

I'm confused about「は」vs「が」 in subordinate clauses. I do appreciate there are inumerable questions on this subject, but to go through all of them hoping to find the exact answer I want would take ...
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1answer
405 views

Indicating time in Japanese: に、は、or no particle?

This is my first question on Japanese Stackexchange. よろしくお願いします! The following example sentence made me wonder about the placement of particles after time expresssions: 先生は週末は何をしますか。 I came up with ...
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1answer
164 views

What does これには mean in this sentence? [closed]

「私って元来遊び人なのかもと妙に納得しつつ、もう一つ新たに開設された「脳内フェチイメージ」にチャレンジしたら、これには腰を抜かさんばかりの驚きでありました。」's「これには」
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1answer
1k views

when to use 〜の中で、中には

I think I answered this question for myself while writing it, but maybe someone can confirm: When to use 「の中で」 versus 「の中には」or something similar to mean "among X"? For example, I pulled this ...
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3answers
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は significance in ゲームは上手いですね

I'm confused by the reaction to は in this exchange A:「ゲームは上手いですね!」 B:「ゲーム「は」.....」 source context: http://neetsha.jp/inside/up/1/2/12840/24.jpg
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4answers
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次の「普通」What does it mean?

A : この電車は東京へ行きますか。 B : いいえ、行きません。次の「普通」ですよ。 I'm not sure what B meant by 'the next local train'. It sounds like he's saying that 'this train is the next local train' which meaning I could not ...
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3answers
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Uncertainties about this sentence: 「一番長い方は15年、短い方でも6年はいらっしゃるそうです。」

The bold part is the sentence in question, the rest is for context: 今日は、日本で長くお暮しの4人の外国の奥様においでいただきました。一番長い方は15年、短い方でも6年はいらっしゃるそうです。 その間のご苦労や嬉しかったことなどを伺いたいと思います。 The full text can be viewed here. ...
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1answer
158 views

私は or この手紙は that means I wrote this letter

‎What is the difference between 私はあなたの鉛筆でこの手紙を書きました。 and この手紙はあなたの鉛筆で書きました。 Do the two sentences have the same meaning? I'm trying to say: I wrote this letter with your pen.
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295 views

“I ate a lemon” and “a lemon I ate”

Consider this: watashi wa remon wo tabeta This is translated as I ate a lemon. How about this? remon wo watashi wa tabeta This can be translated 2 ways: 1) A lemon I ate However, it also ...
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2answers
397 views

Undertstanding 88歳の草間彌生さんは水玉の絵などが有名な芸術家で

88歳の草間彌生さんは水玉の絵などが有名な芸術家で、世界でも人気があります。 88 year old 草間彌生さん ??? and is popular even in (the rest of) the world. I'm having problems parsing the first clause. 草間彌生さんは有名な芸術家で 草間彌生 is a famous ...
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1answer
137 views

Using も or は/が in し sentences

When doing a bit of research into ~し sentences I've found that sometimes は/が is used and sometimes も is used, which is a bit confusing. For example, お金もないし、時間もないし、困ったな. お金はないし、時間はないし、困ったな. ...
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1answer
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[Noun 1]は[Noun 2]が[Adjective] or [Noun 1]の[Noun 2]は[Adjective]

Consider the phrase: The Winters of Quebec are cold. I understand that the correct form is ケベックは冬が寒いです。 Since a possessive form is involved here (the Winters of Quebec), why is ケベックの冬は寒いです。 not ...
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1answer
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Where is the topic in a Japanese sentence?

I'm currently learning Japanese, and I realise that the language has something known as a topic, something which is unheard of in English. According to Wikipedia, It is written with the hiragana は,...
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1answer
86 views

The は particle following a noun's わ?

I was looking for improvements on my vocabulary and then I saw the word telephone which accordinly to Genki series is でんわ, but let's suppose that I want to say This telephone is white, is gramatically ...
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1answer
155 views

Is it the easy way to remember to use が?

I come to my realization that I should use the particle が to introduce a new thing that a listener does not know about (and intend to know about). For example: トニー:このオープニングはいいですね。 ルーシー:...
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2answers
461 views

Is 〜でなかった valid?

I have from the entry for 実際 of ウィズダム英和・和英辞書 the following sentence: 彼は医者だと言ったが実際はそうでなかった。 He said he was a doctor, but in fact he was not. From what I understand, the 「〜でなかった」 here is ...
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は is used for Objective 格助詞

In the following sentence, why 'は’, not 'を’、is used as 格助詞?? 私は借りたお金はすぐ返します。
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2answers
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Why is “konnichi wa” written with は and not わ? [duplicate]

Why is "konnichi wa" in hiragana with は and not わ?
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1answer
101 views

Confusion: は/が with 思う

So I've been exploring the semi-new Japanese Duolingo course and came across this: 彼は今日学校に来ると思います。 I interpretted it as He thinks he (himself) will come to school today. But Duo had it as I think he ...
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0answers
113 views

implicated differences between は and が [duplicate]

I understand a lot of Japanese is not spoken and implicated through context, but don't really understand the culture behind it. What are the implicated differences between は and が in the following ...
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2answers
248 views

What is the difference between these sentences used が and は

I'm trying to translate an English sentence into Japanese , but i got some problems and confuse which should i use between が or は . So please tell me which is the correct one . ジョンさんは休日にいつも東京にいる。 ...
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1answer
373 views

Usage of「が」and 「は」in ~くれる [duplicate]

everyone. May I know why does different particle is used in the following examples? 小林さんは私にチョコをくれた。 友達が私にチョコをくれた。 姉が娘におもちゃをくれた。 Thanks.
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2answers
762 views

Why wa in Karaoke wa suki desu ka?

I recently came across an example in a text book カラオケは好きですか。 and was not sure why wa was used here instead of ga?
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2answers
2k views

Wanai vs Arimasen

I want to say "I am not your dad" in Japanese. Google Translate say that it would be 私はあなたのお父さんではない (Watashi wa anata no otōsande wanai) But why is it Watashi wa anata no otōsande arimasen
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2answers
570 views

Why is “ashita kaerimasu” not “ashita wa kaerimasu”? is the particle wa being omitted or is it not necessary?

The sentence Ashita wa ame ga furu deshou uses a "wa" after ashita. But the sentence Ashita kaerimasu doesn't. Why is that? Is it being omitted or would it be wrong to say ashita wa ...
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2answers
2k views

The difference between は and を? [duplicate]

Hello everyone as the title states I am having difficulty understanding when to use the correct particle. As an example 肉は食べません (I do not eat meat) and やさいを食べます (I eat vegetables) Is it ...