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Questions tagged [particle-は]

助詞「は」. Indicates the topic of a sentence or shows contrast in the universe of discourse.

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4x“は” as Contrast Marker

Is the following sentence O.K.? そのようなブラシ付モーターが、 高い回転数領域では、確かに、優れた出力性能は発揮しますが、 惜しい事に、定常作動に於いては、結局、十分な静的性能は発揮しないという結果となります。 I am using for times "は" as contrast marker to indicate two contrasts. ...
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Proper Use of “は” and “が” Noun

I am really despairing. Recently, I was forwarded a link by my Japanese colleague. It is about the proper use of "は" and "が". https://www.alc.co.jp/jpn/article/faq/03/19.html What is stated here, ...
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Why is this は positioned like that here?

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0202.html?utm_int=news_contents_news-closeup_002 The sentence in question: 山田さんによると、八王子は何度か大規模な火災に見舞われ、戦時中は大規模な空襲も受けたことから、...
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I don't understand why my は was changed to a に when a native corrected my sentence

My sentence: 彼はこれを出来るなら僕は矢っ張り出来る Correction: 彼にそれが出来るなら、僕にもできる I can understand the rest of the changes, but why はー>に ? All they said was that it sounded more natural but they weren't sure why. ...
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For phrases modifying nouns, is the subject considered part of the modifier or separate?

Oftentimes I see phrases such as this in songs and such: 僕は迷い込んだ夢の中 I always interpreted these as the first part all modifying the noun, i.e. "Inside the dream I was lost in," here. However, when I ...
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tamago o yoku tabemasu

tamago o yoku tabemasu. kudamono wa amari tabemasen. Why for the first sentence with tamago, the particle "o" is used where as for the second sentence with kudamono, particle "wa" is used?
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Difference between ”が”はじまる and ”は”はじまる [duplicate]

I asked my teacher why is "が”はじまる instead of ”は”はじまる. She said "が” is always put before はじまる. But she said there are circumstances that ”は” is put before はじまる too. She said there are rules meanwhile ...
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Particle は seems like it should be を in this sentence

So I'm translating this song (https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/pages/31606.html) and the particle usage in a line confused me: チョコレート中毒さ それはもう大変な (this is just for context) Chocolate poisoning, it's ...
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Inferred particles - should I infer は or に in this sentence?

I was translating this song (https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/pages/31606.html) and there was a line that didn't make sense without an inferred particle, but I'm not sure which particle to infer. (...
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Particle usage of は and が in this sentence

I had some particle trouble translating these lines: 四月の魚は風が吹いて 長い髪が揺れている The first two lines seem to go together in one sentence, but then there would be too many particles. I have it as "The ...
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What is the purpose of では in this context [duplicate]

Person A: どんな ときに しゅくだいを する ことが できませんか? Person B: きょうしつで とか かいしゃでは できません。 I understand what 「で」is doing (indicating the place) but what about 'wa' in this case? thanks in advance
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Is it OK to promote an object as the topic and change all relevant verbs to passive forms?

Once I have thrown an opponent to the ground and if I push his elbow outward, he will automatically lie face down to counter his pain. 相手は投げられてから、外側に肘を押されると、痛くならないように自動にうつ伏す。 Is it OK to promote ...
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「は」vs 「が」 in subordinate clauses

I'm confused about「は」vs「が」 in subordinate clauses. I do appreciate there are inumerable questions on this subject, but to go through all of them hoping to find the exact answer I want would take ...
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Indicating time in Japanese: に、は、or no particle?

This is my first question on Japanese Stackexchange. よろしくお願いします! The following example sentence made me wonder about the placement of particles after time expresssions: 先生は週末は何をしますか。 I came up with ...
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What does これには mean in this sentence? [closed]

「私って元来遊び人なのかもと妙に納得しつつ、もう一つ新たに開設された「脳内フェチイメージ」にチャレンジしたら、これには腰を抜かさんばかりの驚きでありました。」's「これには」
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when to use 〜の中で、中には

I think I answered this question for myself while writing it, but maybe someone can confirm: When to use 「の中で」 versus 「の中には」or something similar to mean "among X"? For example, I pulled this ...
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は significance in ゲームは上手いですね

I'm confused by the reaction to は in this exchange A:「ゲームは上手いですね!」 B:「ゲーム「は」.....」 source context: http://neetsha.jp/inside/up/1/2/12840/24.jpg
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次の「普通」What does it mean?

A : この電車は東京へ行きますか。 B : いいえ、行きません。次の「普通」ですよ。 I'm not sure what B meant by 'the next local train'. It sounds like he's saying that 'this train is the next local train' which meaning I could not ...
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Uncertainties about this sentence: 「一番長い方は15年、短い方でも6年はいらっしゃるそうです。」

The bold part is the sentence in question, the rest is for context: 今日は、日本で長くお暮しの4人の外国の奥様においでいただきました。一番長い方は15年、短い方でも6年はいらっしゃるそうです。 その間のご苦労や嬉しかったことなどを伺いたいと思います。 The full text can be viewed here. ...
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私は or この手紙は that means I wrote this letter

‎What is the difference between 私はあなたの鉛筆でこの手紙を書きました。 and この手紙はあなたの鉛筆で書きました。 Do the two sentences have the same meaning? I'm trying to say: I wrote this letter with your pen.
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“I ate a lemon” and “a lemon I ate”

Consider this: watashi wa remon wo tabeta This is translated as I ate a lemon. How about this? remon wo watashi wa tabeta This can be translated 2 ways: 1) A lemon I ate However, it also ...
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Undertstanding 88歳の草間彌生さんは水玉の絵などが有名な芸術家で

88歳の草間彌生さんは水玉の絵などが有名な芸術家で、世界でも人気があります。 88 year old 草間彌生さん ??? and is popular even in (the rest of) the world. I'm having problems parsing the first clause. 草間彌生さんは有名な芸術家で 草間彌生 is a famous ...
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Using も or は/が in し sentences

When doing a bit of research into ~し sentences I've found that sometimes は/が is used and sometimes も is used, which is a bit confusing. For example, お金もないし、時間もないし、困ったな. お金はないし、時間はないし、困ったな. ...
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[Noun 1]は[Noun 2]が[Adjective] or [Noun 1]の[Noun 2]は[Adjective]

Consider the phrase: The Winters of Quebec are cold. I understand that the correct form is ケベックは冬が寒いです。 Since a possessive form is involved here (the Winters of Quebec), why is ケベックの冬は寒いです。 not ...
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Where is the topic in a Japanese sentence?

I'm currently learning Japanese, and I realise that the language has something known as a topic, something which is unheard of in English. According to Wikipedia, It is written with the hiragana は,...
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The は particle following a noun's わ?

I was looking for improvements on my vocabulary and then I saw the word telephone which accordinly to Genki series is でんわ, but let's suppose that I want to say This telephone is white, is gramatically ...
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Is it the easy way to remember to use が?

I come to my realization that I should use the particle が to introduce a new thing that a listener does not know about (and intend to know about). For example: トニー:このオープニングはいいですね。 ルーシー:...
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Is 〜でなかった valid?

I have from the entry for 実際 of ウィズダム英和・和英辞書 the following sentence: 彼は医者だと言ったが実際はそうでなかった。 He said he was a doctor, but in fact he was not. From what I understand, the 「〜でなかった」 here is ...
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は is used for Objective 格助詞

In the following sentence, why 'は’, not 'を’、is used as 格助詞?? 私は借りたお金はすぐ返します。
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Why is “konnichi wa” written with は and not わ? [duplicate]

Why is "konnichi wa" in hiragana with は and not わ?
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Confusion: は/が with 思う

So I've been exploring the semi-new Japanese Duolingo course and came across this: 彼は今日学校に来ると思います。 I interpretted it as He thinks he (himself) will come to school today. But Duo had it as I think he ...
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implicated differences between は and が [duplicate]

I understand a lot of Japanese is not spoken and implicated through context, but don't really understand the culture behind it. What are the implicated differences between は and が in the following ...
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What is the difference between these sentences used が and は

I'm trying to translate an English sentence into Japanese , but i got some problems and confuse which should i use between が or は . So please tell me which is the correct one . ジョンさんは休日にいつも東京にいる。 ...
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Usage of「が」and 「は」in ~くれる [duplicate]

everyone. May I know why does different particle is used in the following examples? 小林さんは私にチョコをくれた。 友達が私にチョコをくれた。 姉が娘におもちゃをくれた。 Thanks.
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Why wa in Karaoke wa suki desu ka?

I recently came across an example in a text book カラオケは好きですか。 and was not sure why wa was used here instead of ga?
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Wanai vs Arimasen

I want to say "I am not your dad" in Japanese. Google Translate say that it would be 私はあなたのお父さんではない (Watashi wa anata no otōsande wanai) But why is it Watashi wa anata no otōsande arimasen
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Why is “ashita kaerimasu” not “ashita wa kaerimasu”? is the particle wa being omitted or is it not necessary?

The sentence Ashita wa ame ga furu deshou uses a "wa" after ashita. But the sentence Ashita kaerimasu doesn't. Why is that? Is it being omitted or would it be wrong to say ashita wa ...
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The difference between は and を? [duplicate]

Hello everyone as the title states I am having difficulty understanding when to use the correct particle. As an example 肉は食べません (I do not eat meat) and やさいを食べます (I eat vegetables) Is it ...
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Structure behind 気になってはいても

気になってはいても、誰もそのことには触れていない。 I guess its something along the lines of (we) were concerned but no one touched on the subject. How does 気になってはいても work and how does it differ from 気になっても? thanks
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Can you use は to mark the object with negative verbs? [duplicate]

I've been studying Japanese for about two years, and recently started working though Japanese Duolingo. I'm confused by their particle usage for verbs: 魚を食べます versus 魚は食べません I.e using を for ...
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Is “は” really a “topic marker”?

I hope this doesn't count as one of the は/が difference duplicates (that isn't what I'm asking), but I'm slightly confused about how to think of the は particle. I've heard it called the "topic marker", ...
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こども “が” ねて いますから

こどもが ねて いますから、しずかに して ください。  こどもは ねて いますから、しずかに して ください。 I know that the 2nd one is incorrect. But why? To my understanding, が is used to emphasize the subject we can hear or see, while は is ...
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can が be used like this?

this is a small conversation -どこで食べる -イタリアレストランではどう my grammer book says that using どう usually opens up a new topic for example about the location but if i didn't use どう and instead was stating the ...
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The meaning and nuance behind the phrase “話は通してある”

話は通してある This is a phrase I've come across a few times recently in manga. For example: 「ユキにも話は通してある」 I'm not familiar with it so I'm not quite sure of it's correct meaning and usage, looking ...
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Where does the particle は come from?

In A Dictionary to Basic Japanese Grammar, it says under the conditional ば that this is the origin of the topic particle は but I haven't been able to find where this claim comes from. Does anyone know ...
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Difference between 時に、時は、時には

I am having a hard time figuring these out, it turns out that I get corrected by native speakers a lot, when I use one of them, they will correct me saying that another particle should be used ...
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Can particle は use cases be summarized by a single inclusive term “disambiguation”?

Particle は is often called topic, emphasis, contrast, etc. particle. Can particle は use cases be summarized by a single term disambiguation? If one could think of は as disambiguation particle should ...
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When to use は instead of other particles

I have seen that は acts as a sort of negation (or contrast) particle, although I'm not sure how it works, for example: 1) わたし は ともだち が いません 2) わたし の ともだち が いません Is 1) the only correct sentence? Why? ...
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Can someone explain the contrastive は to me?

Can someone explain to me how the contrastive は works? As I still don't get it. How exactly does it work? Is it derived from it's topical cousin? How does it modify the topic of discourse? For ...
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How is ではなく formed?

この女の人はペンチではなく、ハンマーを使っています。 I believe the sentence means "The woman is using a hammer, not a pliers". But I couldn't understand ではなく, how is this structure formed?