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Questions tagged [particle-は]

助詞「は」. Indicates the topic of a sentence or shows contrast in the universe of discourse.

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26 views

Two は for building context of a sentence

人間は火星では生存できない。 Humans can't live on Mars. Question: what meaning (or nuance) do we produce by removing the second は? 人間は火星で生存できない。
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How do you say “I think X is Y”

I've been thinking of this for a while and I need a bit of a clarification. For example, if I want to say "I think he is a good person", would it be: a) 私は彼がいい人と思う   or b) 私は「彼はいい人」と思う Also, if it ...
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What is the にはな used for in the following sentence?

「僕にはな、ちゃんとした名前が……」 Is the above にはな made from the に+は particles with a ない (omitted い), or is it something else entirely? Context provided below if it will help in solving the above issue. ...
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は and が function

I just learned about が and は Rule. I just want to say "If I died" in Japanese. So I typed it. All I see is 私が死んだら Can I say "私は死んだら" (は is put to emphasize what comes after は. So I think in the ...
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Using が or は with 好き [duplicate]

値段が高いレストランはあまり好きじゃない This is a sentence from my texbook and I can't understand why there is は after レストラン? As I know, we always use が after something that we 好き. In this sentence we doesn't like ...
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は vs が in やすい-pattern

木が浮く。 [ki-ga uku] Literal translation: Wood floats. Meaning: wood is such a material, if to put it in water, it will stay on the top, it will not sink. Let's add ~やすい / ~にくい pattern (as ...
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Difference between NはNが多い and NounにNが多い

この川にマスが多い。This river is full of trout. 新潟は雪が多い。 There’s much snow in Niigata What’s the difference between に and は here ? I learned only Noun1はNoun2がAdjい/な structure
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117 views

Grammar of ~がどうかは問題ない

A textbook I am reading through provided the following explanation of ~を問わず: ~がどうかは問題なく、どれにも同じことが言える。 I understand the basic idea of what this means because I've read English explanations of を問わず ...
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Use of ni or wa for “ I always eat with my older brother on monday”

In my textbooks solution it says getsuyoubi ha itsumo ani to isshoni tabemasu I thought it would be getsuyoubi ni Thank you in advance
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Which Japanese Particle should go here, (ni) or (wa)?

わたしの いえ_ へやが みっつ あります。 Essentially what I'm trying to say here is, "There are three rooms in my house"... What should go after ie (house)?
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Why the second “は“ in this sentence?

Why is there a “は” after 以前 in the following sentence? I would have guessed it would read 以前 by itself or 以前に。 人々は人間しか言語を使えないと以前は考えていた。 People used to think that only humans could use language. ...
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Order of sentence's parts in building sad-mooded rhetorical question

太陽を最後に我々は見たのはいつだ? literally: The Sun last time we saw-state when are? meaning: When did we last time saw the Sun, f**k!? context: it is a sad rhetorical question about bad rainy weather. It is not a ...
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Rain in the city

東京は今雨が降っている。 literally: Tokyo now rain is falling. Question: why Tokyo is [wa]-ed but not [ni]-ed? Is it allowed to say the same idea in English manner like this? 東京に今雨は降っている。 東京では今雨は降っている。 ...
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Why is this sentence ungrammatical? 「お寺が公園のとなりです。」

I wrote this sentence (meaning "The temple is next to the park") in my Japanese course and my teacher said it's wrong, because I was supposed to use a は instead of a が. My understanding is that there ...
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とは particle in a sentence

The sentence: これまでの私とは違うんです translates to "I am not the same as before" according to the anki deck I am currently using. I can't see why it means this (maybe because I don't understand what the とは ...
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って as the equivalent of は

-あっ、トロが来た。 -トロって何ですか。 I have read that って is the equivalent of the topic marker は. (is これって何ですか just as natural as これは何ですか?) Are there situations when we can't use って instead of は?
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Can the を in ~を通して be replaced with は?

I asked an earlier question What does 通して聞く mean when they are used together? where I was confused by how a sentence used 通して but with a は instead of a を. Can someone help to shed some light on ...
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What does 通して聞く mean when they are used together?

long-time lurker, am hoping that I can get some help on something I came upon a tweet which has this particular sentence "みなさんのパフォーマンスは通して聞くことでより魅力的..." I am perplexed by how 通して聞く are used together....
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How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...
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Difference でない and ではない

What's the difference between でない and ではない. I've read some websites. Some websites say that if I use only でない (in some case) it will be awkward. I currently know that this is a combination between ...
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Doubt about this situation with the particle は

On genki 1, on the page 107 there are the following phrases: あしたは日本語のクラスがありません。 あした東京でお祭りがあります。 Why the は particle is used on the first one and not in the second?
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What is this そらしてはなりたい

https://www.uta-net.com/song/248289/ From this song, I can't translate " 僕らは目をそらしてはなりたい" and I don't know what's "そらしてはなりたい"
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The difference between 時 and 時は

I know that it's correct to use は after 時, and it's also correct to omit it. For example: 子供の 時、よく海で泳ぎました。 子供の 時は、よく海で泳ぎました。 How does the meaning of the sentence change when the particle is ...
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The particle は before 押す [duplicate]

スイッチは押しましたか。 Can を be used in place of は here? (Have you pressed the switch? / Did you press the switch?) 押す is a transitive verb, so the use of は is confusing. Thank you for your help!
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How to specify a day and a shop/office/etc. when asking for business hours? [closed]

I'm very sorry this is a very basic Question, I just started learning japanese as my third language (german being my native one and english my second) and Right now I learned a basic way of asking for ...
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Omission of the particle は

山本さん、会社を辞めるそうですよ。 In the sentence above there is no は after 山本さん. Can we say 山本さんは会社を辞めるそうですよ? If we can, does the omission of は mean lack of formality? I have come across another sentence similar ...
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と particle in the subject of a sentence

To translate : My friend and I are going to the park. , the following sentence can be used : 私{わたし}は友達{ともだち}と公園{こうえん}に行{い}きます。 Literally : I am going to the park with my friend. と is used ...
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ではない in Relative Clauses

I have read in several sources that it is grammatically incorrect to use は (topic particle) in relative clauses. However, I am almost certain that I have seen constructions like the following: ...
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は vs.では in こんなうるさいところでは勉強ができません

こんなうるさいところでは勉強ができません。 How is the meaning of the sentence above different from the meaning of the one below? こんなうるさいところで勉強ができません。
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私には versus 私は - difference in nuance?

Can anyone help explaining the nuance in difference between: 私はまったく分かりません。 私にはまったく分かりません。 With expressions such as ヨーロッパには行く (versus は) I can see what affect including the に particle within the ...
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Changing を to は in negative statements

I've got confused and have a few questions: In some situations speaker is obligated to change the particle e.g. answering yes/no questions. Question: あなたはくじにひこうきにのりますか。(A) Answer: いいえ、わたしはくじ ...
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The use of が, は and を in 私は総てを愛している

Is the を interchangeable with が in this case? And if I say 私が総てを愛している does it mean 'I'm everything that I love'?
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What could a phrase like アルコールはダメなんだ possibly mean?

The phrase アルコールはダメなんだ is from a manga I read, in which a guy responds to his friend when being asked if he wants a beer. He appears not to be into alcohol, even goes so far to say that "I don't like ...
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Is there any rule to indicate when “circumstantials” of time can be the topic (marked with は) of the sentence?

In Spanish there is something called circumstantials which indicate time, place, means, cause, etc where an action is done. For example, in English a circumstancial of time could be translated as "in ...
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Why is there sometimes a は used in conjugated, negative, formal i-adjectives? [duplicate]

A few times now, I have seen a negative i-adjective with a は in between the く and the ありません. I have seen it usually present when it is a response to a question. Like the example below. いいえ、車は赤くはありません。...
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Question about the phrase 心配いりません

I came across the phrase 心配いりません and from what I understand it means "Dont worry". It is formed by using the する-verb 心配 (worry) and いる (to be needed). What I don't understand is why there is no ...
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誰はしました。Who did it?

I'm aware that する is the Japanese verb "To do". In order to conjugate this verb using the Ta form for past tense we of course just replace する with し and add our polite form ます with the た to make しました, ...
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A question about the usage of ては and ても

Why can't use も or は in the following sentence: 易しい質問に答えられなくて(は・も)、とても恥ずかしかった。 In the case of ても, I was told it probably has to do with 逆条件.
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Can は imply more than just topic?

On https://www.wasabi-jpn.com/japanese-grammar/ha-vs-ga-five-points-you-need-to-know/ there is this sentence: オレンジは好き It’s explained as “this indicates that you like oranges, but don’t like other ...
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Sentence topic without grammatical function

From here: このスポーツは、海の上を走る水上オートバイから足に付けたボードにホースで水を送って、ボードから出る水の強い力で空中を飛びます。 In this sport you fly through the air using the force of water ejected from a board attached to the feet. Water is sent ...
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Confusion about omitted “object” with 有する

I just read this clause (as a definition of 独特): そのものだけが有していること。 I first understood it in a way, that "[Something] has only this thing.", instead "Only this thing has [something]". Now I'm kind of ...
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は with 好き exception?

I'm studying japanese, and found this phrase: 漢字を書くのが嫌いだけど読むのは好きです。 I was thought that the particle that is always with 好き is が but in this case is は, is there an explanation for this???
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What is the purpose of はある in this sentence?

顔の大きさの半分はあるであろう大きなマスク。(source) I've been told that this sentence is describing the size of the mask being half the size of the face, Can't we simply say 「顔の大きさの半分であろう大きなマスク」 instead?
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Confusion on は being used [duplicate]

So the sentence is " そういう相手は力で叩き潰して教えるに限る" which translates to "people like you need to be crushed by force." I'm confused on why it isn't written as"そういう相手を"。If は is used could it also be translated ...
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Trouble with 出ては消え in this sentence [duplicate]

I think I understand the meaning thanks to the context, but I don't understand why the first verb is in te form and the second in masu stem after a は particle(i.e.,I don't understand the structure ...
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Should emphasis follow the copula or move to the topic marker?

I recently tried machine translated the following: This is amazing. This is amazing. And was surprised when the result was: これは素晴らしいです。これは素晴らしいです。 I kind of expected the second example to come ...
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What do ほかには and ほかのは mean?

What do ほかには and ほかのは mean? How are they different from one another? And why is に used in ほかに? Is there an explanation for it or is it just naturally said? Thanks!
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What is the difference between “を” and “は”? Can I say both “お茶を飲みます。” and “お茶は飲みます。”?

I'm aware that I can say "お茶を飲みます。" (with the particle "を") to convey the meaning "I drink tea." in the sense of indicating that an action is taking place. However, I'd like to know if I can also say ...
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Why do we need “は” in “とは思う”

I do not know the grammatical meaning of "は" and when to add a "は" in between the quotative particle and the verb, namely "とは思う". Here is the example sentence without "は", ...
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「は」と「を」の違いは何ですか。

私の日本語の本によると、「を」の代わりに「は」を使う事が出来ます。でも、いつ使えますか。ニュアンスは何が変わりますか。 例えば: 肉を食べますか → 肉は食べますか。 子供たちはカレーを作っている。→ カレーは子供たちが作っている。