Questions tagged [particle-は]

助詞「は」. Indicates the topic of a sentence or shows contrast in the universe of discourse.

11
votes
1answer
363 views

Why is this sentence ungrammatical? 「お寺が公園のとなりです。」

I wrote this sentence (meaning "The temple is next to the park") in my Japanese course and my teacher said it's wrong, because I was supposed to use a は instead of a が. My understanding is that there ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

とは particle in a sentence

The sentence: これまでの私とは違うんです translates to "I am not the same as before" according to the anki deck I am currently using. I can't see why it means this (maybe because I don't understand what the とは ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

って as the equivalent of は

-あっ、トロが来た。 -トロって何ですか。 I have read that って is the equivalent of the topic marker は. (is これって何ですか just as natural as これは何ですか?) Are there situations when we can't use って instead of は?
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Can the を in ~を通して be replaced with は?

I asked an earlier question What does 通して聞く mean when they are used together? where I was confused by how a sentence used 通して but with a は instead of a を. Can someone help to shed some light on ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

What does 通して聞く mean when they are used together?

long-time lurker, am hoping that I can get some help on something I came upon a tweet which has this particular sentence "みなさんのパフォーマンスは通して聞くことでより魅力的..." I am perplexed by how 通して聞く are used together....
1
vote
0answers
94 views

How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Difference でない and ではない

What's the difference between でない and ではない. I've read some websites. Some websites say that if I use only でない (in some case) it will be awkward. I currently know that this is a combination between ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Doubt about this situation with the particle は

On genki 1, on the page 107 there are the following phrases: あしたは日本語のクラスがありません。 あした東京でお祭りがあります。 Why the は particle is used on the first one and not in the second?
2
votes
2answers
355 views

What is this そらしてはなりたい

https://www.uta-net.com/song/248289/ From this song, I can't translate " 僕らは目をそらしてはなりたい" and I don't know what's "そらしてはなりたい"
7
votes
1answer
741 views

The difference between 時 and 時は

I know that it's correct to use は after 時, and it's also correct to omit it. For example: 子供の 時、よく海で泳ぎました。 子供の 時は、よく海で泳ぎました。 How does the meaning of the sentence change when the particle is ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

The particle は before 押す [duplicate]

スイッチは押しましたか。 Can を be used in place of は here? (Have you pressed the switch? / Did you press the switch?) 押す is a transitive verb, so the use of は is confusing. Thank you for your help!
2
votes
1answer
105 views

How to specify a day and a shop/office/etc. when asking for business hours? [closed]

I'm very sorry this is a very basic Question, I just started learning japanese as my third language (german being my native one and english my second) and Right now I learned a basic way of asking for ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

Omission of the particle は

山本さん、会社を辞めるそうですよ。 In the sentence above there is no は after 山本さん. Can we say 山本さんは会社を辞めるそうですよ? If we can, does the omission of は mean lack of formality? I have come across another sentence similar ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

と particle in the subject of a sentence

To translate : My friend and I are going to the park. , the following sentence can be used : 私{わたし}は友達{ともだち}と公園{こうえん}に行{い}きます。 Literally : I am going to the park with my friend. と is used ...
4
votes
1answer
182 views

ではない in Relative Clauses

I have read in several sources that it is grammatically incorrect to use は (topic particle) in relative clauses. However, I am almost certain that I have seen constructions like the following: ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

は vs.では in こんなうるさいところでは勉強ができません

こんなうるさいところでは勉強ができません。 How is the meaning of the sentence above different from the meaning of the one below? こんなうるさいところで勉強ができません。
3
votes
1answer
108 views

私には versus 私は - difference in nuance?

Can anyone help explaining the nuance in difference between: 私はまったく分かりません。 私にはまったく分かりません。 With expressions such as ヨーロッパには行く (versus は) I can see what affect including the に particle within the ...
5
votes
2answers
141 views

Changing を to は in negative statements

I've got confused and have a few questions: In some situations speaker is obligated to change the particle e.g. answering yes/no questions. Question: あなたはくじにひこうきにのりますか。(A) Answer: いいえ、わたしはくじ ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

The use of が, は and を in 私は総てを愛している

Is the を interchangeable with が in this case? And if I say 私が総てを愛している does it mean 'I'm everything that I love'?
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What could a phrase like アルコールはダメなんだ possibly mean?

The phrase アルコールはダメなんだ is from a manga I read, in which a guy responds to his friend when being asked if he wants a beer. He appears not to be into alcohol, even goes so far to say that "I don't like ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

Is there any rule to indicate when “circumstantials” of time can be the topic (marked with は) of the sentence?

In Spanish there is something called circumstantials which indicate time, place, means, cause, etc where an action is done. For example, in English a circumstancial of time could be translated as "in ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Why is there sometimes a は used in conjugated, negative, formal i-adjectives? [duplicate]

A few times now, I have seen a negative i-adjective with a は in between the く and the ありません. I have seen it usually present when it is a response to a question. Like the example below. いいえ、車は赤くはありません。...
6
votes
1answer
101 views

Question about the phrase 心配いりません

I came across the phrase 心配いりません and from what I understand it means "Dont worry". It is formed by using the する-verb 心配 (worry) and いる (to be needed). What I don't understand is why there is no ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

誰はしました。Who did it?

I'm aware that する is the Japanese verb "To do". In order to conjugate this verb using the Ta form for past tense we of course just replace する with し and add our polite form ます with the た to make しました, ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

A question about the usage of ては and ても

Why can't use も or は in the following sentence: 易しい質問に答えられなくて(は・も)、とても恥ずかしかった。 In the case of ても, I was told it probably has to do with 逆条件.
2
votes
3answers
161 views

Can は imply more than just topic?

On https://www.wasabi-jpn.com/japanese-grammar/ha-vs-ga-five-points-you-need-to-know/ there is this sentence: オレンジは好き It’s explained as “this indicates that you like oranges, but don’t like other ...
4
votes
3answers
175 views

Sentence topic without grammatical function

From here: このスポーツは、海の上を走る水上オートバイから足に付けたボードにホースで水を送って、ボードから出る水の強い力で空中を飛びます。 In this sport you fly through the air using the force of water ejected from a board attached to the feet. Water is sent ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Confusion about omitted “object” with 有する

I just read this clause (as a definition of 独特): そのものだけが有していること。 I first understood it in a way, that "[Something] has only this thing.", instead "Only this thing has [something]". Now I'm kind of ...
4
votes
2answers
175 views

は with 好き exception?

I'm studying japanese, and found this phrase: 漢字を書くのが嫌いだけど読むのは好きです。 I was thought that the particle that is always with 好き is が but in this case is は, is there an explanation for this???
8
votes
2answers
155 views

What is the purpose of はある in this sentence?

顔の大きさの半分はあるであろう大きなマスク。(source) I've been told that this sentence is describing the size of the mask being half the size of the face, Can't we simply say 「顔の大きさの半分であろう大きなマスク」 instead?
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Confusion on は being used [duplicate]

So the sentence is " そういう相手は力で叩き潰して教えるに限る" which translates to "people like you need to be crushed by force." I'm confused on why it isn't written as"そういう相手を"。If は is used could it also be translated ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Trouble with 出ては消え in this sentence [duplicate]

I think I understand the meaning thanks to the context, but I don't understand why the first verb is in te form and the second in masu stem after a は particle(i.e.,I don't understand the structure ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Should emphasis follow the copula or move to the topic marker?

I recently tried machine translated the following: This is amazing. This is amazing. And was surprised when the result was: これは素晴らしいです。これは素晴らしいです。 I kind of expected the second example to come ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

What do ほかには and ほかのは mean?

What do ほかには and ほかのは mean? How are they different from one another? And why is に used in ほかに? Is there an explanation for it or is it just naturally said? Thanks!
5
votes
2answers
332 views

What is the difference between “を” and “は”? Can I say both “お茶を飲みます。” and “お茶は飲みます。”?

I'm aware that I can say "お茶を飲みます。" (with the particle "を") to convey the meaning "I drink tea." in the sense of indicating that an action is taking place. However, I'd like to know if I can also say ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Why do we need “は” in “とは思う”

I do not know the grammatical meaning of "は" and when to add a "は" in between the quotative particle and the verb, namely "とは思う". Here is the example sentence without "は", ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

「は」と「を」の違いは何ですか。

私の日本語の本によると、「を」の代わりに「は」を使う事が出来ます。でも、いつ使えますか。ニュアンスは何が変わりますか。 例えば: 肉を食べますか → 肉は食べますか。 子供たちはカレーを作っている。→ カレーは子供たちが作っている。
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Function of particles の and は in this sentence

A girls tells this to her friend: このまま帰ってまた何日も会えなくなるのは嫌です What are these particles doing here? は is being used to emphasize, to be the topic marker or the contrastive marker? My guess is that is ...
1
vote
2answers
141 views

は after adverbs

I don' understand what it means/adds on these sentences, since there's an adverb before them and the particle can be omitted and it still makes sense 今は...しない 目の前でこんなに弱られたら誰だって少しは優しくなりますよ
12
votes
5answers
4k views

Why does 悪く(は)ない give a condescending feeling?

I thought it just meant "It's not bad" but I read some comments from Japanese people who said that it can sound too condescending or like the speaker feels superior to the listener. Why is that? In ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

How can I tell if a は is the particle は and therefore should be pronounced わ?

On page 82 and 83 of Japanese for Busy People II (third edition), there's the following sentence (written mainly in kana with only a small amount of kanji) ミルズ:ええ。じつはちょっとねつがあるんです。さっき薬を買ってきて飲んだんですが…。(...
4
votes
1answer
222 views

に->には / で->では etc

My question is kinda simple (I hope). When somebody asks you, for example: 学生りょうにTVがありますか。 Can you answer: 台所にはありますが、部屋にはありません。 Or do you use: 台所にありますが、部屋にはありません。 Can you also explain ...
8
votes
1answer
792 views

About は particle and the 'contrast' it implies

I started learning Japanese about 2 months ago and today, while talking with a friend of mine who has been studying Japanese for about two years, he gave me this example scenario about は particle and ...
2
votes
2answers
103 views

Confused when determining the correct subject with 思います [duplicate]

I met the following sentence : あなたのお母さんは私が好きじゃないと思います I think your mother doesn't like me. As far I can tell, あなたのお母さん is the subject or topic marker of the sentence. But at the end of the ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Are there some cases where は and が are interchangable?

I understand that は and が can be very different in meaning & emotion, and some structures require one of them. However, are there some cases where I can use either of them but the sentence remains ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Deconstructing this format: AことはBことがあります

I was doing an N5 test, and this construction came up: 山田さんは大変いいひとですよ。(Context) 何も悪いことは聞いたことがありません。(Construction in question) While I understand the meaning alright (Nothing bad about 田中さん was ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Would someone mind checking my translation of -だか and a contrastive は?

If anyone is willing, I'd like to check my reading of the following sentence: ところが夜だかは、ほんとうは鷹の兄弟でも親類でもありませんでした。 "However, for a number of nights, there is a lie that [he] is a family member or even ...
4
votes
3answers
332 views

Does 私は地震が怖い make sense?

私は地震が怖い。 For me that's like saying 私は彼がきれいです. It doesn't make sense putting 私 here.
5
votes
1answer
295 views

Is writing the “wa particle” as は a modern convention?

Recently, I was given a copy of Complete Course of Japanese Conversation-Grammar by Oreste and Enko Elisa Vaccari. As it dates back to 1967, I was expecting at least a few things to be a bit old-...
0
votes
2answers
125 views

What is the inheritance order of も and は topics?

Can a topic that is identified via the も particle be included in a は topic that comes AFTER it? e.g. Two sequential sentences from a book I'm reading: 1st Sentence: ほかの鳥は、もう、よだかの顔を見ただけでも、...