Questions tagged [particle-は]

助詞「は」. Indicates the topic of a sentence or shows contrast in the universe of discourse.

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Understanding あるとは珍しい [duplicate]

「おおっ、こんなぜいたくな物がうちにあるとは珍しいね」 Oh, finding such luxurious presents at our place is unusual. I'm a bit confused by the と in this sentence. I can only imagine that it is a conditional と. I guess "if ...
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「が」(ga) vs 「は」(wa) when it comes to specifically “this” object / referring to self

Learning particles and looking at wa vs ga. From what I have seen wa is the topic/general and ga is for the subject/specific. I was watching this video which had the following example: I like Van ...
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What is the difference between Japanese は and を as a particle?

so for topic markers I usually use は but what about を? I assume its used for verbs? if its not then correct me.
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Meaning of してならぬ

I found this instance of してならぬ in the following passage: 養父を殺した騎士! 報仇の念が胸に猛った。 血の脈動と共に衝動が全身を駆け、目的を唯一事に定めて走り出そうとする。 そうしてならぬ理由が、何処にあろう。 そんなものは何処にも―― I'm well aware of the usage of してならない to mean "...
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ABSOLUTE necessity of particle に in “topic marker” には

"This store has all sorts of bags": この店は鞄が色々あります should be a good translation and a natural sentence, which is different from "There are all sorts of bags in this store": ...
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Wa and wo differences

Hi? What's the difference in terms of usage of wa and wo in some sentences like this one "are wo kudasai" and "are wa nandesuka?". But I'm sure it's not because of wether it is a ...
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What does it mean when 連体形 is directly followed by は? [duplicate]

Here are two lines of the lyrics in a specific song: [出]{で}[逢]{あ}いしは [運命]{さだめ}か and [纏]{まと}いしは [緋]{ひ}[色]{いろ}の[棘]{とげ}の[鎧]{よろい} I'm 99% sure that the し here is the 連体形 of き; it follows the 連用形 of [出]...
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“wa” vs. “ga” in the question “do you have…?” (child speak!)

If a child were to casually ask their teacher, "do you have [some object]," which would they say? 先生、「何か」はあるの? (Sensei, [nanika] ha aru no?) 先生、「何か」があるの? (Sensei, [nanika] ga aru no?) I ...
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Double negation sentence in manga

だけど... 冷えるんだったら スカートじゃない ほう が いい ん じゃないのか? I just don't understand this sentence. I'm not keen on if ん is の(?) in both cases and I assume ほう(方)simply indicates an action and there's a double ...
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は after words like 何か or 誰か

So I know you can't use は after an interrogative word like 何 or 誰. However, if you add a か after them, they're no longer interrogative words, right? So I should be able to say something like: ...
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は versus が in this sentence

In the Genki 1 textbook, the question prompt 本を読んでいる人は誰ですか? appears alongside an illustration with a bunch of people doing different activities. The textbook user is then supposed to pick out a ...
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Can が be replaced by something else in this structure?

So reviewing basic grammar I've come across a structure where you use は and が to show contrast in the following way: (私は)土曜日は暇ですが、日曜日は忙しいです。 This sentence sounds right to me, but it would sound ...
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how to know when to say “ha” or “wa” with は

it is going to be the end of week 3 in learning japanese and i've noticed how sometimes in sentences the hiragana は can sound like "wa" as well, why is this so? And also when do i know when ...
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question about meaning of と言われては in this tweet

そんなに特殊なあれこれはしていないと思うのだけど……。「誰かがこのサイトを偽装しようとしています」と言われては、背景を調べずにokを押すわけにもいかない。こんなことをしている場合ではないのに。 Im don’t understand the meaning to this part : と言われては This might be an answered question but I ...
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Conflicting rules for when to use は vs が

So I'm new to learning Japanese, and as with most beginners I am trying to understand the difference between は and が. I came across this video on the difference that I found particularly helpful, but ...
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は vs が in neutral sentences

I have a couple of situations I was hoping someone could help me understand if が or は is more appropriate in the following situations. Scenario A: Describing what a person is doing. You are by ...
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please help me break down this confusing sentence involving the usage of は and の particle and also ことにする

実のある話はしないことにしています。 I'm not going to tell you anything substantive. I found this in a bio of an author. after finding the meaning with the help of an auto-translator I had a several questions, I ...
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What is the difference between XはYが and XにYがあります?

For example, what is the difference between these sentences?: 日本は神社が多い。 日本に多い神社があります。 Don't they both mean "There are many shrines in Japan"?
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Multiple subject?

When I say I’m now busy, it’s 今は忙しい But what I don’t understand is that 今 is being used as the topic. I’m this sentence, the real person that’s busy is me, so if I choose to not omit the person, but ...
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Why wasn't が used instead of には in [そんなこと、私にはとても出来ない。]?

Why wasn't が used instead of には in [そんなこと、私にはとても出来ない。]? Is it correct to use が? What is the meaning/sense and role of には in the sentence to choose it over the が particle? English: There's no way I ...
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Usage of は over に to mark seasonal changes

For context, I have the following text speaking about the leaves of a maple tree. これは花ではありません。 「かえで」 の葉です。 秋は赤いです。夏は緑です。 I understand that the phrase in bold would be translated as something like &...
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Emphasizing words in Japanese

Maybe I haven't heard enough spoken Japanese to know how fluent speakers do it, but I always get confused with how to translate the way I emphasize words in English into Japanese. The boy kicked the ...
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Can in this passive tense structure the topic be the same as the performer of the action?

I've been skimming through Minna no Nihongo and I found this structure: [N1は]...[N2に]...[N3を]...「Vpassive] And I understand the example sentence given with it: 私は弟にパソコンを壊されました。 They say that N1 is ...
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difference when using は and が with てくれる structure

So, I think that I'm not alone when it comes to being confused about when は and が are supposed to be used, but here I would like to ask about a specific example 浅野君は(私に)かわいい手袋を編んでくれた x 浅野君が(私に)...
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What is the use of the particle “は” in this sentence? [duplicate]

I'm currently translating the lyrics of "Realize" by Konomi Suzuki. And the one thing that made me confused was the use of the particle "は" in this sentence of the lyrics. ...
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Use of は in 「確認はされていない」

I think the quote 「確認はされていない」 translates to "It hasn't been confirmed yet". However, the use of は is leaving me a bit uncertain. As far as I know, 確認 can be used either a name or a する-verb,...
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What function does に serve in the following sentence?

I came across this sentence and I can't figure out what the purpose of に is. The full sentence in context is: 天照大神【あまてらすおおかみ】には須佐之男命【すさのおのみこと】という弟の神様がいたのですが、須佐之男【すさのお】はとても乱暴【らんぼう】で悪いことばかりするので、...
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106 views

Position of は relative to other particles

So I've had a feeling for a while regarding particle order, which I haven't managed to find much of anything to either confirm or deny in any of the learning resources I've tried, and I'm hoping ...
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Difference Between ほかに and ほかは

I came across these two examples and I don't see why one takes に and one takes は. 彼女のほかに知り合いはいません。 I have no acquaintances besides her. ビールのほかは何もいりません。 I don't need anything other than beer. I ...
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The meaning of は (wa) in 四月は君の嘘 (“Your Lie in April”)

I was trying to translate the title of the film called "Your Lie In April" into Japanese. I came to know that 四月は君の嘘 is the official name of "Your Lie in April". But I was not able to understand the ...
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When do i use は for きのう,きょう,あした? [duplicate]

Example from Minna No Nihongo: Lesson 4 : あした 6 時に起きます。 Lesson 9 : きょう は 早く 帰ります。 Why is は sometimes used with such a time words and sometimes not?
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How is というのは different from は?

だが、十香のいる水族館と目と鼻の先というのは、精神衛生上あまりよろしくなかった。 Context: the protagonist (士道) is dating 十香 and they went to 水族館 together. But in the process of watching fishes in 水族館, 士道 runs away, pretending to go to the ...
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I can't understand the use of と in 新しい政策はあまり良いとは思えません。

Hi I'm a beginner with japanese, also I'm not a native english speaker, and I'm struggling with things like this since long ago: I learned basic use of particles and currently I can understand several ...
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彼は兄弟がいます actually 彼には兄弟がいます with に omitted

I read this Is it correct to say 私は二人のお兄さんがいる? Yoichi Oishi: With the expression – “私は二人のおにいさんがいる,” your friend is right. “私は兄がいる” sounds somewhat awkward, and “私には兄がいる” sounds perfect. and it ...
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Difference in meaning between は and が in questions [duplicate]

For example 何か質問がありますか as opposed to 何か質問はありますか when asking "Do you have any questions?"
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Multiple は particles in sentences from IAIJ and NHK web easy

I came across this sentence in IAIJ (the context was an adult studying japanese on an elementary schoolbook, saying that there are a lot of simple readings but also more interesting ones providing ...
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What is the exact reason behind the usage of がin the following phrase?

Hopefully, just another quick one here. In the phrase 日本で東京スカイツリーが一番高い建物です。 what is the reason behind using が as opposed to は in the phrase 東京スカイツリーは日本で一番高い建物です。 Sorry if this is a silly ...
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Can I always use が to mark the subject when talking about phenomenon [closed]

I understand that が can be used to describe a phenomenon. 雨 が 降って います。 But in Japanese, there are always many exceptions. So, does this have any exceptions? Like I can use は or を? 雨 は 降って います。 ...
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Why use wa / は marker with kyou / 今日?

Based on some research it seems like: 今日は新しい着物を着ました。 Is more correct than 今日新しい着物を着ました。 (Without wa subject marker) Why is that? It doesn't seem like "today" is the subject of the sentence.
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277 views

Small あ after は?

I’m trying to read a book but I came across a sentence where there are small あs after はs and I’m not sure why. Do you know why that is and what it means? その時【とき】、子供【こども】たちの声【こえ】が聞こえました【きこえました】。 「...
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67 views

Two は acting as contrastive terms but not verb (apparently)

I'm trying to translate or at least understand the meaning of this sentence 人を知ってゆくのも同じように、あの人はうちのお父さんの銀行の人、この人はお母さんの親類の人という風に、やはり自分が中心になって考えられている。 it seems there are two men (あの人,この人) used in a ...
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Confusion about double は in correction

I'm attempting to practice my writing and tried writing this in Japanese Because its cold outside I went to eat Pho with a friend. Originally I wrote 寒い外なので僕は友達とフォーを食べに行きました。 I was then given ...
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Could you please tell the difference between particle は and に in case of description of a place of existence

I am just a beginner and am currently reading particles. I came across a thought of using に instead of は in a certain example and I couldn't find the difference in the usage and the context as well. ...
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444 views

Can someone help me understand Japanese particles?

This my first post, so hello everyone! wa vs ga: When I introduce myself to someone, is it always assumed that my name is already the topic even though nobody has mentioned it before? I've never ...
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125 views

What does あなたでは mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

I was studying the grammar for かもしれない and I found the following example: あなたでは間に合わないかもしれない。 The translation given for this sentence is... "You might not get there in time." And then I got ...
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167 views

Two は in a sentence

From my Japanese book: この映画館では、水曜日は1000円で映画を見ることができます。 I wonder about these two は. I think the first one (この映画館では) is a topic marker は and 水曜日は1000円で[…] is a contrastive は (implying on the other ...
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217 views

Meaning of いやしません [duplicate]

あんなにコチコチな座り方をする猫なんていやしませんぞ。 A cat that sits so rigidly ??? I can't figure out what this いやしません is. Since the negative form of いやす seems like a ridiculous proposition in the context I can only ...
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233 views

Contrastive は vs. が

This is an old and perhaps exhausted topic, but there's still something I don't get. I read these two questions and its best answers, but I don't understand why then あなたの目はきれいです implies that one's ...
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121 views

How do you say “I think X is Y”

I've been thinking of this for a while and I need a bit of a clarification. For example, if I want to say "I think he is a good person", would it be: a) 私は彼がいい人と思う   or b) 私は「彼はいい人」と思う Also, if it ...
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488 views

What is the にはな used for in the following sentence?

「僕にはな、ちゃんとした名前が……」 Is the above にはな made from the に+は particles with a ない (omitted い), or is it something else entirely? Context provided below if it will help in solving the above issue. ...

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