Questions tagged [particle-は]

助詞「は」. Indicates the topic of a sentence or shows contrast in the universe of discourse.

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2
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1answer
71 views

What is the exact reason behind the usage of がin the following phrase?

Hopefully, just another quick one here. In the phrase 日本で東京スカイツリーが一番高い建物です。 what is the reason behind using が as opposed to は in the phrase 東京スカイツリーは日本で一番高い建物です。 Sorry if this is a silly ...
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58 views

Can I always use が to mark the subject when talking about phenomenon [closed]

I understand that が can be used to describe a phenomenon. 雨 が 降って います。 But in Japanese, there are always many exceptions. So, does this have any exceptions? Like I can use は or を? 雨 は 降って います。 ...
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1answer
91 views

Why use wa / は marker with kyou / 今日?

Based on some research it seems like: 今日は新しい着物を着ました。 Is more correct than 今日新しい着物を着ました。 (Without wa subject marker) Why is that? It doesn't seem like "today" is the subject of the sentence.
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261 views

Small あ after は?

I’m trying to read a book but I came across a sentence where there are small あs after はs and I’m not sure why. Do you know why that is and what it means? その時【とき】、子供【こども】たちの声【こえ】が聞こえました【きこえました】。 「...
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60 views

Two は acting as contrastive terms but not verb (apparently)

I'm trying to translate or at least understand the meaning of this sentence 人を知ってゆくのも同じように、あの人はうちのお父さんの銀行の人、この人はお母さんの親類の人という風に、やはり自分が中心になって考えられている。 it seems there are two men (あの人,この人) used in a ...
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129 views

Confusion about double は in correction

I'm attempting to practice my writing and tried writing this in Japanese Because its cold outside I went to eat Pho with a friend. Originally I wrote 寒い外なので僕は友達とフォーを食べに行きました。 I was then given ...
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2answers
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Could you please tell the difference between particle は and に in case of description of a place of existence

I am just a beginner and am currently reading particles. I came across a thought of using に instead of は in a certain example and I couldn't find the difference in the usage and the context as well. ...
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4answers
363 views

Can someone help me understand Japanese particles?

This my first post, so hello everyone! wa vs ga: When I introduce myself to someone, is it always assumed that my name is already the topic even though nobody has mentioned it before? I've never ...
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1answer
116 views

What does あなたでは mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

I was studying the grammar for かもしれない and I found the following example: あなたでは間に合わないかもしれない。 The translation given for this sentence is... "You might not get there in time." And then I got ...
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ては in a series of て connected sentences [duplicate]

暑さにかこつけて、外を歩いては、すぐに喫茶店に入って休む。 財界には古美門先生を寵愛する経営者がいて、法外な顧問料をふんだくっては、今も何不自由なく遊んで暮らしている。 What is the function of は inserted in a series of て connected sentences(listed above)? I suppose it makes the flow ...
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3answers
147 views

Two は in a sentence

From my Japanese book: この映画館では、水曜日は1000円で映画を見ることができます。 I wonder about these two は. I think the first one (この映画館では) is a topic marker は and 水曜日は1000円で[…] is a contrastive は (implying on the other ...
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1answer
126 views

Meaning of いやしません [duplicate]

あんなにコチコチな座り方をする猫なんていやしませんぞ。 A cat that sits so rigidly ??? I can't figure out what this いやしません is. Since the negative form of いやす seems like a ridiculous proposition in the context I can only ...
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175 views

Contrastive は vs. が

This is an old and perhaps exhausted topic, but there's still something I don't get. I read these two questions and its best answers, but I don't understand why then あなたの目はきれいです implies ...
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1answer
91 views

How do you say “I think X is Y”

I've been thinking of this for a while and I need a bit of a clarification. For example, if I want to say "I think he is a good person", would it be: a) 私は彼がいい人と思う   or b) 私は「彼はいい人」と思う Also, if it ...
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1answer
467 views

What is the にはな used for in the following sentence?

「僕にはな、ちゃんとした名前が……」 Is the above にはな made from the に+は particles with a ない (omitted い), or is it something else entirely? Context provided below if it will help in solving the above issue. ...
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1answer
121 views

は and が function

I just learned about が and は Rule. I just want to say "If I died" in Japanese. So I typed it. All I see is 私が死んだら Can I say "私は死んだら" (は is put to emphasize what comes after は. So I think in the ...
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0answers
101 views

Using が or は with 好き [duplicate]

値段が高いレストランはあまり好きじゃない This is a sentence from my texbook and I can't understand why there is は after レストラン? As I know, we always use が after something that we 好き. In this sentence we doesn't like ...
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126 views

は vs が in やすい-pattern

木が浮く。 [ki-ga uku] Literal translation: Wood floats. Meaning: wood is such a material, if to put it in water, it will stay on the top, it will not sink. Let's add ~やすい / ~にくい pattern (as ...
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1answer
173 views

Difference between NはNが多い and NounにNが多い

この川にマスが多い。This river is full of trout. 新潟は雪が多い。 There’s much snow in Niigata What’s the difference between に and は here ? I learned only Noun1はNoun2がAdjい/な structure
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1answer
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Grammar of ~がどうかは問題ない

A textbook I am reading through provided the following explanation of ~を問わず: ~がどうかは問題なく、どれにも同じことが言える。 I understand the basic idea of what this means because I've read English explanations of を問わず ...
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Use of ni or wa for “ I always eat with my older brother on monday”

In my textbooks solution it says getsuyoubi ha itsumo ani to isshoni tabemasu I thought it would be getsuyoubi ni Thank you in advance
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Which Japanese Particle should go here, (ni) or (wa)?

わたしの いえ_ へやが みっつ あります。 Essentially what I'm trying to say here is, "There are three rooms in my house"... What should go after ie (house)?
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Why the second “は“ in this sentence?

Why is there a “は” after 以前 in the following sentence? I would have guessed it would read 以前 by itself or 以前に。 人々は人間しか言語を使えないと以前は考えていた。 People used to think that only humans could use language. ...
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1answer
92 views

Order of sentence's parts in building sad-mooded rhetorical question

太陽を最後に我々は見たのはいつだ? literally: The Sun last time we saw-state when are? meaning: When did we last time saw the Sun, f**k!? context: it is a sad rhetorical question about bad rainy weather. It is not a ...
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179 views

Rain in the city

東京は今雨が降っている。 literally: Tokyo now rain is falling. Question: why Tokyo is [wa]-ed but not [ni]-ed? Is it allowed to say the same idea in English manner like this? 東京に今雨は降っている。 東京では今雨は降っている。 ...
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1answer
461 views

Why is this sentence ungrammatical? 「お寺が公園のとなりです。」

I wrote this sentence (meaning "The temple is next to the park") in my Japanese course and my teacher said it's wrong, because I was supposed to use a は instead of a が. My understanding is that there ...
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1answer
93 views

とは particle in a sentence

The sentence: これまでの私とは違うんです translates to "I am not the same as before" according to the anki deck I am currently using. I can't see why it means this (maybe because I don't understand what the とは ...
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1answer
129 views

って as the equivalent of は

-あっ、トロが来た。 -トロって何ですか。 I have read that って is the equivalent of the topic marker は. (is これって何ですか just as natural as これは何ですか?) Are there situations when we can't use って instead of は?
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1answer
131 views

Can the を in ~を通して be replaced with は?

I asked an earlier question What does 通して聞く mean when they are used together? where I was confused by how a sentence used 通して but with a は instead of a を. Can someone help to shed some light on ...
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1answer
121 views

What does 通して聞く mean when they are used together?

long-time lurker, am hoping that I can get some help on something I came upon a tweet which has this particular sentence "みなさんのパフォーマンスは通して聞くことでより魅力的..." I am perplexed by how 通して聞く are used together....
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0answers
119 views

How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...
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Difference でない and ではない

What's the difference between でない and ではない. I've read some websites. Some websites say that if I use only でない (in some case) it will be awkward. I currently know that this is a combination between ...
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1answer
68 views

Doubt about this situation with the particle は

On genki 1, on the page 107 there are the following phrases: あしたは日本語のクラスがありません。 あした東京でお祭りがあります。 Why the は particle is used on the first one and not in the second?
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2answers
365 views

What is this そらしてはなりたい

https://www.uta-net.com/song/248289/ From this song, I can't translate " 僕らは目をそらしてはなりたい" and I don't know what's "そらしてはなりたい"
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771 views

The difference between 時 and 時は

I know that it's correct to use は after 時, and it's also correct to omit it. For example: 子供の 時、よく海で泳ぎました。 子供の 時は、よく海で泳ぎました。 How does the meaning of the sentence change when the particle is ...
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The particle は before 押す [duplicate]

スイッチは押しましたか。 Can を be used in place of は here? (Have you pressed the switch? / Did you press the switch?) 押す is a transitive verb, so the use of は is confusing. Thank you for your help!
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1answer
107 views

How to specify a day and a shop/office/etc. when asking for business hours? [closed]

I'm very sorry this is a very basic Question, I just started learning japanese as my third language (german being my native one and english my second) and Right now I learned a basic way of asking for ...
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1answer
174 views

Omission of the particle は

山本さん、会社を辞めるそうですよ。 In the sentence above there is no は after 山本さん. Can we say 山本さんは会社を辞めるそうですよ? If we can, does the omission of は mean lack of formality? I have come across another sentence similar ...
3
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1answer
87 views

と particle in the subject of a sentence

To translate : My friend and I are going to the park. , the following sentence can be used : 私{わたし}は友達{ともだち}と公園{こうえん}に行{い}きます。 Literally : I am going to the park with my friend. と is used ...
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1answer
204 views

ではない in Relative Clauses

I have read in several sources that it is grammatically incorrect to use は (topic particle) in relative clauses. However, I am almost certain that I have seen constructions like the following: ...
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1answer
73 views

は vs.では in こんなうるさいところでは勉強ができません

こんなうるさいところでは勉強ができません。 How is the meaning of the sentence above different from the meaning of the one below? こんなうるさいところで勉強ができません。
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1answer
178 views

私には versus 私は - difference in nuance?

Can anyone help explaining the nuance in difference between: 私はまったく分かりません。 私にはまったく分かりません。 With expressions such as ヨーロッパには行く (versus は) I can see what affect including the に particle within the ...
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2answers
215 views

Changing を to は in negative statements

I've got confused and have a few questions: In some situations speaker is obligated to change the particle e.g. answering yes/no questions. Question: あなたはくじにひこうきにのりますか。(A) Answer: いいえ、わたしはくじ ...
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1answer
114 views

The use of が, は and を in 私は総てを愛している

Is the を interchangeable with が in this case? And if I say 私が総てを愛している does it mean 'I'm everything that I love'?
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2answers
1k views

What could a phrase like アルコールはダメなんだ possibly mean?

The phrase アルコールはダメなんだ is from a manga I read, in which a guy responds to his friend when being asked if he wants a beer. He appears not to be into alcohol, even goes so far to say that "I don't like ...
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2answers
115 views

Is there any rule to indicate when “circumstantials” of time can be the topic (marked with は) of the sentence?

In Spanish there is something called circumstantials which indicate time, place, means, cause, etc where an action is done. For example, in English a circumstancial of time could be translated as "in ...
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0answers
93 views

Why is there sometimes a は used in conjugated, negative, formal i-adjectives? [duplicate]

A few times now, I have seen a negative i-adjective with a は in between the く and the ありません. I have seen it usually present when it is a response to a question. Like the example below. いいえ、車は赤くはありません。...
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1answer
115 views

Question about the phrase 心配いりません

I came across the phrase 心配いりません and from what I understand it means "Dont worry". It is formed by using the する-verb 心配 (worry) and いる (to be needed). What I don't understand is why there is no ...
2
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1answer
191 views

誰はしました。Who did it?

I'm aware that する is the Japanese verb "To do". In order to conjugate this verb using the Ta form for past tense we of course just replace する with し and add our polite form ます with the た to make しました, ...
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1answer
99 views

A question about the usage of ては and ても

Why can't use も or は in the following sentence: 易しい質問に答えられなくて(は・も)、とても恥ずかしかった。 In the case of ても, I was told it probably has to do with 逆条件.

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