Questions tagged [particle-は]

助詞「は」. Indicates the topic of a sentence or shows contrast in the universe of discourse.

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28 views

Multiple subject?

When I say I’m now busy, it’s 今は忙しい But what I don’t understand is that 今 is being used as the topic. I’m this sentence, the real person that’s busy is me, so if I choose to not omit the person, but ...
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Why wasn't が used instead of には in [そんなこと、私にはとても出来ない。]?

Why wasn't が used instead of には in [そんなこと、私にはとても出来ない。]? Is it correct to use が? What is the meaning/sense and role of には in the sentence to choose it over the が particle? English: There's no way I ...
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Usage of は over に to mark seasonal changes

For context, I have the following text speaking about the leaves of a maple tree. これは花ではありません。 「かえで」 の葉です。 秋は赤いです。夏は緑です。 I understand that the phrase in bold would be translated as something like &...
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Emphasizing words in Japanese

Maybe I haven't heard enough spoken Japanese to know how fluent speakers do it, but I always get confused with how to translate the way I emphasize words in English into Japanese. The boy kicked the ...
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Can in this passive tense structure the topic be the same as the performer of the action?

I've been skimming through Minna no Nihongo and I found this structure: [N1は]...[N2に]...[N3を]...「Vpassive] And I understand the example sentence given with it: 私は弟にパソコンを壊されました。 They say that N1 is ...
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difference when using は and が with てくれる structure

So, I think that I'm not alone when it comes to being confused about when は and が are supposed to be used, but here I would like to ask about a specific example 浅野君は(私に)かわいい手袋を編んでくれた x 浅野君が(私に)...
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What is the use of the particle “は” in this sentence? [duplicate]

I'm currently translating the lyrics of "Realize" by Konomi Suzuki. And the one thing that made me confused was the use of the particle "は" in this sentence of the lyrics. ...
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Use of は in 「確認はされていない」

I think the quote 「確認はされていない」 translates to "It hasn't been confirmed yet". However, the use of は is leaving me a bit uncertain. As far as I know, 確認 can be used either a name or a する-verb,...
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What function does に serve in the following sentence?

I came across this sentence and I can't figure out what the purpose of に is. The full sentence in context is: 天照大神【あまてらすおおかみ】には須佐之男命【すさのおのみこと】という弟の神様がいたのですが、須佐之男【すさのお】はとても乱暴【らんぼう】で悪いことばかりするので、...
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Position of は relative to other particles

So I've had a feeling for a while regarding particle order, which I haven't managed to find much of anything to either confirm or deny in any of the learning resources I've tried, and I'm hoping ...
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Difference Between ほかに and ほかは

I came across these two examples and I don't see why one takes に and one takes は. 彼女のほかに知り合いはいません。 I have no acquaintances besides her. ビールのほかは何もいりません。 I don't need anything other than beer. I ...
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The meaning of は (wa) in 四月は君の嘘 (“Your Lie in April”)

I was trying to translate the title of the film called "Your Lie In April" into Japanese. I came to know that 四月は君の嘘 is the official name of "Your Lie in April". But I was not able to understand the ...
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When do i use は for きのう,きょう,あした? [duplicate]

Example from Minna No Nihongo: Lesson 4 : あした 6 時に起きます。 Lesson 9 : きょう は 早く 帰ります。 Why is は sometimes used with such a time words and sometimes not?
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How is というのは different from は?

だが、十香のいる水族館と目と鼻の先というのは、精神衛生上あまりよろしくなかった。 Context: the protagonist (士道) is dating 十香 and they went to 水族館 together. But in the process of watching fishes in 水族館, 士道 runs away, pretending to go to the ...
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I can't understand the use of と in 新しい政策はあまり良いとは思えません。

Hi I'm a beginner with japanese, also I'm not a native english speaker, and I'm struggling with things like this since long ago: I learned basic use of particles and currently I can understand several ...
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彼は兄弟がいます actually 彼には兄弟がいます with に omitted

I read this Is it correct to say 私は二人のお兄さんがいる? Yoichi Oishi: With the expression – “私は二人のおにいさんがいる,” your friend is right. “私は兄がいる” sounds somewhat awkward, and “私には兄がいる” sounds perfect. and it ...
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Difference in meaning between は and が in questions [duplicate]

For example 何か質問がありますか as opposed to 何か質問はありますか when asking "Do you have any questions?"
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Multiple は particles in sentences from IAIJ and NHK web easy

I came across this sentence in IAIJ (the context was an adult studying japanese on an elementary schoolbook, saying that there are a lot of simple readings but also more interesting ones providing ...
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What is the exact reason behind the usage of がin the following phrase?

Hopefully, just another quick one here. In the phrase 日本で東京スカイツリーが一番高い建物です。 what is the reason behind using が as opposed to は in the phrase 東京スカイツリーは日本で一番高い建物です。 Sorry if this is a silly ...
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Can I always use が to mark the subject when talking about phenomenon [closed]

I understand that が can be used to describe a phenomenon. 雨 が 降って います。 But in Japanese, there are always many exceptions. So, does this have any exceptions? Like I can use は or を? 雨 は 降って います。 ...
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Why use wa / は marker with kyou / 今日?

Based on some research it seems like: 今日は新しい着物を着ました。 Is more correct than 今日新しい着物を着ました。 (Without wa subject marker) Why is that? It doesn't seem like "today" is the subject of the sentence.
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Small あ after は?

I’m trying to read a book but I came across a sentence where there are small あs after はs and I’m not sure why. Do you know why that is and what it means? その時【とき】、子供【こども】たちの声【こえ】が聞こえました【きこえました】。 「...
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Two は acting as contrastive terms but not verb (apparently)

I'm trying to translate or at least understand the meaning of this sentence 人を知ってゆくのも同じように、あの人はうちのお父さんの銀行の人、この人はお母さんの親類の人という風に、やはり自分が中心になって考えられている。 it seems there are two men (あの人,この人) used in a ...
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Confusion about double は in correction

I'm attempting to practice my writing and tried writing this in Japanese Because its cold outside I went to eat Pho with a friend. Originally I wrote 寒い外なので僕は友達とフォーを食べに行きました。 I was then given ...
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Could you please tell the difference between particle は and に in case of description of a place of existence

I am just a beginner and am currently reading particles. I came across a thought of using に instead of は in a certain example and I couldn't find the difference in the usage and the context as well. ...
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Can someone help me understand Japanese particles?

This my first post, so hello everyone! wa vs ga: When I introduce myself to someone, is it always assumed that my name is already the topic even though nobody has mentioned it before? I've never ...
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120 views

What does あなたでは mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

I was studying the grammar for かもしれない and I found the following example: あなたでは間に合わないかもしれない。 The translation given for this sentence is... "You might not get there in time." And then I got ...
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ては in a series of て connected sentences [duplicate]

暑さにかこつけて、外を歩いては、すぐに喫茶店に入って休む。 財界には古美門先生を寵愛する経営者がいて、法外な顧問料をふんだくっては、今も何不自由なく遊んで暮らしている。 What is the function of は inserted in a series of て connected sentences(listed above)? I suppose it makes the flow ...
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158 views

Two は in a sentence

From my Japanese book: この映画館では、水曜日は1000円で映画を見ることができます。 I wonder about these two は. I think the first one (この映画館では) is a topic marker は and 水曜日は1000円で[…] is a contrastive は (implying on the other ...
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170 views

Meaning of いやしません [duplicate]

あんなにコチコチな座り方をする猫なんていやしませんぞ。 A cat that sits so rigidly ??? I can't figure out what this いやしません is. Since the negative form of いやす seems like a ridiculous proposition in the context I can only ...
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201 views

Contrastive は vs. が

This is an old and perhaps exhausted topic, but there's still something I don't get. I read these two questions and its best answers, but I don't understand why then あなたの目はきれいです implies that one's ...
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105 views

How do you say “I think X is Y”

I've been thinking of this for a while and I need a bit of a clarification. For example, if I want to say "I think he is a good person", would it be: a) 私は彼がいい人と思う   or b) 私は「彼はいい人」と思う Also, if it ...
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484 views

What is the にはな used for in the following sentence?

「僕にはな、ちゃんとした名前が……」 Is the above にはな made from the に+は particles with a ない (omitted い), or is it something else entirely? Context provided below if it will help in solving the above issue. ...
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127 views

は and が function

I just learned about が and は Rule. I just want to say "If I died" in Japanese. So I typed it. All I see is 私が死んだら Can I say "私は死んだら" (は is put to emphasize what comes after は. So I think in the ...
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Using が or は with 好き [duplicate]

値段が高いレストランはあまり好きじゃない This is a sentence from my texbook and I can't understand why there is は after レストラン? As I know, we always use が after something that we 好き. In this sentence we doesn't like ...
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131 views

は vs が in やすい-pattern

木が浮く。 [ki-ga uku] Literal translation: Wood floats. Meaning: wood is such a material, if to put it in water, it will stay on the top, it will not sink. Let's add ~やすい / ~にくい pattern (as ...
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Difference between NはNが多い and NounにNが多い

この川にマスが多い。This river is full of trout. 新潟は雪が多い。 There’s much snow in Niigata What’s the difference between に and は here ? I learned only Noun1はNoun2がAdjい/な structure
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159 views

Grammar of ~がどうかは問題ない

A textbook I am reading through provided the following explanation of ~を問わず: ~がどうかは問題なく、どれにも同じことが言える。 I understand the basic idea of what this means because I've read English explanations of を問わず ...
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Use of ni or wa for “ I always eat with my older brother on monday”

In my textbooks solution it says getsuyoubi ha itsumo ani to isshoni tabemasu I thought it would be getsuyoubi ni Thank you in advance
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Which Japanese Particle should go here, (ni) or (wa)?

わたしの いえ_ へやが みっつ あります。 Essentially what I'm trying to say here is, "There are three rooms in my house"... What should go after ie (house)?
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Why the second “は“ in this sentence?

Why is there a “は” after 以前 in the following sentence? I would have guessed it would read 以前 by itself or 以前に。 人々は人間しか言語を使えないと以前は考えていた。 People used to think that only humans could use language. ...
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Order of sentence's parts in building sad-mooded rhetorical question

太陽を最後に我々は見たのはいつだ? literally: The Sun last time we saw-state when are? meaning: When did we last time saw the Sun, f**k!? context: it is a sad rhetorical question about bad rainy weather. It is not a ...
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189 views

Rain in the city

東京は今雨が降っている。 literally: Tokyo now rain is falling. Question: why Tokyo is [wa]-ed but not [ni]-ed? Is it allowed to say the same idea in English manner like this? 東京に今雨は降っている。 東京では今雨は降っている。 ...
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474 views

Why is this sentence ungrammatical? 「お寺が公園のとなりです。」

I wrote this sentence (meaning "The temple is next to the park") in my Japanese course and my teacher said it's wrong, because I was supposed to use a は instead of a が. My understanding is that there ...
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130 views

とは particle in a sentence

The sentence: これまでの私とは違うんです translates to "I am not the same as before" according to the anki deck I am currently using. I can't see why it means this (maybe because I don't understand what the とは ...
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1answer
147 views

って as the equivalent of は

-あっ、トロが来た。 -トロって何ですか。 I have read that って is the equivalent of the topic marker は. (is これって何ですか just as natural as これは何ですか?) Are there situations when we can't use って instead of は?
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135 views

Can the を in ~を通して be replaced with は?

I asked an earlier question What does 通して聞く mean when they are used together? where I was confused by how a sentence used 通して but with a は instead of a を. Can someone help to shed some light on ...
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1answer
129 views

What does 通して聞く mean when they are used together?

long-time lurker, am hoping that I can get some help on something I came upon a tweet which has this particular sentence "みなさんのパフォーマンスは通して聞くことでより魅力的..." I am perplexed by how 通して聞く are used together....
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123 views

How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...
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137 views

Difference でない and ではない

What's the difference between でない and ではない. I've read some websites. Some websites say that if I use only でない (in some case) it will be awkward. I currently know that this is a combination between ...

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