Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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6
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2answers
840 views

Understanding why に particle means "because" in this sentence

I am struggling to understand the syntax of this sentence that I found in a grammar book. あまりの言葉にあきれてものが言えませんでした。 I could not say anything because of the outrageously unkind words. I read it as ...
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1answer
250 views

How do I tell if the に particle is indicating a target or a source?

I'm pretty confused about the に particle and I hope to receive some clarification. 1.彼は私に本をくれました。 2.私は母にしかられた。 In the first sentence, the に particle is used to indicate the target, which is 私....
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2answers
159 views

I have some problem with passive form of verbs, and actually with に particle in it

So, I have this: 父に犬を追いかけられています。 Is it correct? And what does that に particle mean?
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するに not followed by motion verb [duplicate]

All the questions I've seen are either using verb-には in place of verb-ために or verb-に followed by a motion verb. This seems to be neither. Maruko's friend has just pulled a sweet out of his pocket. The ...
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2answers
198 views

に満ちた and particles に が

溢れ出す魔力は、もはや抑えが利かない。 一の回路に満ちた十の魔力は、その逃げ場を求めて基盤を壊し― に満ちた=full of. 感情に満ちた顔=A face full of emotions. In the sentence at the beginning this construction does not make much sense: Ten units of Magic ...
3
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1answer
141 views

Using に as subject marker in non-passive/causative sentence

In this question I was given 「(私は)あの人に怒っている。」 as a way to say "that person makes me angry". I'm a little confused because it looks to me very much like a passive construction, "I, that person ...
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0answers
123 views

The role of the particle に in ばかものに考えているに思えた。 [closed]

I came across the following sentence: ばかものに考えているに思えた。 Which was translated as: Seemed to believe in stupid things. Now, the first に states IN WHAT someone seemed to believe. We can put this ...
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3answers
2k views

私には無理です or 私は無理です

Why does the expression "impossible for me" in Japanese have 私には instead of just 私は?
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1answer
102 views

Can "AはBに影響されない" and "AはBに影響しない" ever have the same meaning?

In a conversation, I wanted to say: A does not affect B. We'd been discussing A and B for awhile, and I said: (1) AはBを影響{えいきょう}しない。 I was stopped and told to say: (2) AはBに影響されない。 then ...
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2answers
178 views

見る + に particle: why is る not dropped?

I found this sentence in Tofugu's workbook. 続きを見るにはこちらから。 My question is: Why is the る not dropped so it becomes 見に, as in this sentence: 映画を見に行きます。
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1answer
361 views

Use of に in ぼくにも出来る

So I was watching the Pokemon Super Bowl Commercial, and around :40 seconds in I hear the phrase ぼくにも出来る Now I know it basically means "I can also do that", but what is the function of the に ...
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1answer
418 views

Other uses of the particle に in お兄ちゃんには見つからない

I'm reading a story and two siblings are playing 'hide and seek'. The younger one, after finding a hiding place, says: ここならお兄ちゃんには絶対に見つからないよ ここなら means 'if here' that is, from the context, 'if I ...
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1answer
153 views

Why is the particle に used between カツ and たべられない and what does 入った可能性 mean?

I know that 食べられない can be a passive or a potential verb, but in this case I think it is used like a potential verb, so I don't know why that に is there. About 入った可能性, I think it is a relative clause ...
6
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1answer
461 views

What's the difference between に and を in these phrases?

I found these two phrases: 彼らは熊を[触]{さわ}る。 彼らは熊に触る。 I don't see the difference between them, since both mean "touching a bear."
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3answers
339 views

Why my book uses に in this sentence?

私に聞こえるように大きい声で話してください Couldn't it have simply been something like: 私が聞けるように大きい声で話してください ?
6
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1answer
600 views

には with plain form of verb

I'm trying to figure out what this sentence below means, but I'm having trouble with the には after the dictionary form of いる. もう1匹居るには居るんじゃが…。 I've read Dictionary form of verb followed by に, but ...
6
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1answer
104 views

What is the function of particle に in this sentence? みんなお寺に名前を登録しなければなりませんでした。

What is the function of the particle に in this sentence? みんなお寺に名前を登録しなければなりませんでした。 That means that everyone had to register their names in temples? But why isn't there で particle then (place of ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between 時に and 時は

昨日雨が降っていた時に、私は家にいました。 昨日雨が降っていた時は、私は家にいました。 How do these two sentences differ in meaning? Thank you.
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1answer
886 views

Trouble interpreting に思う in その武具に思うことはいっぱいあるみたい

類は友を呼ぶじゃないけどね、やっぱり実際使って直接肌で感じる冒険者の方が、その武具に思うことはいっぱいあるみたい。 I'm having trouble interpreting this part of the sentence. What does に思う do here? Does その武具に思うこと mean something like: "Thoughts about ...
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1answer
623 views

Difference between ままに and ままで?

What would be the difference between 扉はやはり音もなく、押されるままに動いた。 and 扉はやはり音もなく、押されるままで動いた。 When do you use ままで instead of ままに?
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2answers
260 views

に as an indirect complement

From this question Why is に used in 若者が元気に溢れている? I did few hours ago another one, a bigger one arose. マフィアは隠れ蓑に合法的な事業を展開している I know に can be used as an indirect complement but I would have used ...
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1answer
253 views

Why is に used in 若者が元気に溢れている?

Why is に used in a sentence like this? 若者が元気に溢れている I thought it was: 若者に元気が溢れている I know に is used as an indirect object marker. Could someone tell me the difference between direct and indirect ...
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1answer
419 views

What does the に do in 表情から察するに?

その表情から察するに魔剣を所持している人は少ないみたいだ。 I'm having trouble figuring out what に does here. Does it have the same meaning as と?
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1answer
123 views

に and verbs that take it with もらう

With verbs that don't take に, the matter is simple: わたしは彼に食べてもらった means 'He ate it for me', with a favour being explicit. But how would handles things with verbs that do take に? Would you say ...
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1answer
123 views

The use of へ and に in regards to time

If I were heading toward Tokyo but not neccessarily to Tokyo I would use へ. If I were going to Tokyo I would use に. That much I understand. My question is whether this can be extended to time. For ...
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1answer
840 views

Meaning of にまで?

A long time ago, I came across this example sentence in Jisho: 彼{かれ}の仕事{しごと}は井戸掘{いどほ}りからゴミの処理{しょり}にまで及ぶ{およぶ}。 His tasks range from digging wells to getting rid of garbage. Why does this sentence ...
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3answers
365 views

Particle に when related to state and how to recognize a verb as a state

While looking at the examples of ている form and usage in my textbook I came across this sentence かぞくは とうきょうに すんでいますMy family lives in Tokyo. I know from what I've been reading on the internet that ...
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3answers
198 views

Almost similar looking sentences with and without に particle

I am having confusion with the follow two sentences. Currently I am preparing JLPT N5 so please answer accordingly (I can't understand very advanced explanations). 私は日曜日国へ帰ります 私は誕生日に国へ帰ります So there ...
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2answers
250 views

Who is receiving the benefit in this sentence?

The narrator is complaining about men on the train making noise and says: 車掌さんが彼等に注意をしてくれるのを待ちました。 I'm uncertain of the interpretation of に together with くれる here. I can see two possibilities: a) ...
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1answer
2k views

かきます(to write) when used with the particle に

From what my test book says in the vocab section the verb かきます usually takes the particles を for things and に for people. I'm pretty sure that you would use を like this. ともだちに てがみを かきました - I wrote ...
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1answer
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Dictionary form of verb followed by に

I've recently begun noticing that occasionally I'll see a dictionary form of the verb followed by the particle に, for example: 1.)まだ学校へ行くには早い時間です。 It's still too early to go to school. I've been ...
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1answer
245 views

Why are these particles used here?

The following sentence is from a blog called Nippon Talk: お湯{ゆ}を使{つか}える洗濯機{せんたくき}のパワーに感動{かんどう}した夫{おっと}は、沖縄{おきなわ}旅行{りょこう}から帰{かえ}るとすぐにその洗濯機{せんたくき}についての情報{じょうほう}を調{しら}べ始{はじ}めた。 I'm trying to pick ...
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Does indirect passive allow for the を in "四方を海に囲まれる"

My textbook has this example: 四方を海に囲まれる。 Is it the indirect passive that allows for the を direct object marker to be used in that passive voice example? This sentence matches my understanding of ...
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1answer
128 views

番目に~ versus 番目の~

While reading this question I could not explain myself why に is used rather の after ~番{ばん}目{め} in the following sentences. 「それは、二{に}番目に高{たか}い建{たて}物{もの}です。」 「四{よん}番目に速{はや}い人{ひと}は、田{た}中{なか}さんです。」...
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1answer
361 views

The grammar of "虎から食べられた" and "虎に食べられた"?

MORE INFO In an effort to make my question as short as possible, I abbreviated too much. This is the complete sentence that originated my question: 少年時代から20年間もずっと過ごしてきて、他人から軽んじられるのに慣れていなかった。 ...
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Use of the particle を/に indicating target of an action - animate vs inanimate?

Currently learning Japanese from Rosetta stone, and so far, whenever a verb is acting on something, I've always seen the particle を used - eg: 彼{かれ}は本{ほん}を読{よ}んでいます。 Now the program has thrown に ...
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1answer
160 views

には in this context

デイブ: カナダも暖冬です。海が全部凍りません。だから、アザラシが逃げます。 恵子: まあ、かわいそうですね。シロクマは。でも、アザラシにはよかったかも! Here is like a conversation between two people about polar bears in Canada. What I am confused about is the use of には in ...
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2answers
494 views

Are へ and に interchangeable in these cases?

I'm just starting to learn Japanese. I do not quite understand one of the uses of the captioned particles. I've learned that に refers to the location of the destination, and へ refers to the direction ...
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2answers
200 views

Can you transform "[wanter]-wa [wanted thing]-ga hoshii" to "[wanter]-ni [wanted thing]-ga hoshii"? Or anything else?

So a normal way to say "Bob wants a burger" might be: bobu-wa hanbaaga-ga hoshii bob-TOPIC burger-NOMINATIVE is_wanted as for Bob, a burger is wanted [I'm only vaguely familiar with ...
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4answers
756 views

When is it natural to use で and に and when not to use them

In my previous question I wanted to know how to say If we continue at this rate I will be fluent by Christmas. Both answers were really helpful and I now know how to say it but there is still ...
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3answers
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Use of に in 「私には本物の若殿様がわかります」

English What function is に serving in this sentence (the speaker has been asked to pick out the real lord from a group of people): 私には本物の若殿様がわかります I know who the real young lord is It seems to me ...
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2answers
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Can you make an adverb from a noun by adding に?

I think I understand the pattern  ...を adverb する e.g. 彼は彼女を幸せにする He makes her happy 部屋をきれいにしました I made my room tidy I think I'm right in saying that the に in these sentences serves to turn the な-...
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1answer
687 views

Does 'this friday' take に

I'm happy that the following is correct: 金曜日にケーキを食べる. I will eat cake on Friday. But what about this: 今週の金曜日にケーキを食べる I will eat cake (on) this Friday In English putting "on" in the ...
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3answers
479 views

The meaning of に in [切り出すに切り出せず]

I don't understand the meaning of に in this sentence: 切り出すに切り出せず、今日まできてしまいました Is 切り出すに切り出せず fashioned after some particular grammar? I can't really think of an interpretation that sounds natural.
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1answer
214 views

Understanding particle-ni when there is no verb

I'm trying to understand the lyrics of the song 細氷【さいひょう】. Here's the part of the lyrics I don't understand: さって行くあなたの背中に 「さよなら」 I see it as: "your leaving figure (back)" + "ni" + "...
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2answers
716 views

~の帰り - what does this mean?

会社の帰りに本屋に寄るのが楽しみです Does this means on the way back to company or start from company, and back to some where else ? And also why use に after 帰り, what does that mean?
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1answer
422 views

「一週間後に解約する」 but 「一週間後での解約」, why not the same particle?

Some rough Google search shows: 一週間後に解約する (✓) 一週間後で解約する (☓) but: 一週間後にの解約 (☓) 一週間後での解約 (✓) If that's right, why is that discrepancy? Questions below seem related: What's the ...
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1answer
240 views

Translation of 友達【ともだち】に 嘘【うそ】がばれてしまった

I have some trouble to translate this sentence: 友達【ともだち】に 嘘【うそ】がばれてしまった is that: "I have discovered that my friend is lying" or "My friend found out I was lying"? この文の翻訳に迷っています: 友達【ともだち】に 嘘【うそ】...
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1answer
524 views

朝ご飯は vs. 朝ご飯に - difference between these two sentences?

I wanted to ask my language partner what he ate for breakfast. However, I was unsure whether what I said was correct despite him telling me that it's good - I would just like some verification. I ...
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3answers
5k views

Why is the に particle used in this sentence?

ともだちにあいます。 To meet friend My understanding of the に particle is that it is used to indicate the indirect object, for time, and for location only when the verb is a "to exist" verb like います ...