Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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1answer
289 views

Can we turn nouns into adverb by adding に? [duplicate]

"しかし、期待を胸に中学校に赴任すると、理想と現実は大きくかけ離れていました。" "加藤さんは大切な手紙を手に再び「パナマ」へ向かいます。" "彼女は手紙を手に、階下へ降りてきた。" Is に turning these nouns into adverbs ?
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と (to) vs に (ni) in a phrase like “I am speaking with/to”

I've heard the following two sentences and I'd like to understand the differences between the two, if any, and when it is appropriate to use one vs the other: おいしゃさんとはなしています おいしゃさんにはなしています It is my ...
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How should I interpret this に?

お前の姿に瓜二つだからこそ、むしろ許せない…! Is it something that goes along with だからこそ and therefore means "because"? I know that this is one of the meanings of に but I'm not sure if this is the one used in this case ...
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Why is it 休暇で and not 休暇に?

I'm wondering why we use で with 休暇 and why it can't be に like in 夏休みに. Update: In the sentence,「私たちは休暇でここに来ました。海辺のホテルに泊まっていました。」, I wondered why they used で instead of に.
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What is the meaning of にも?

What does にも mean in this sentence? ムン大統領は、北朝鮮の選手たちにもオリンピックに出てほしいと考えています。 (full text here) I've found a topic where にも is discussed but it's not the same context and the explanations doesn't ...
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I don't understand why my は was changed to a に when a native corrected my sentence

My sentence: 彼はこれを出来るなら僕は矢っ張り出来る Correction: 彼にそれが出来るなら、僕にもできる I can understand the rest of the changes, but why はー>に ? All they said was that it sounded more natural but they weren't sure why. ...
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ていかなきゃならん事 and にゃ

I have the following sentence: A: まあ、さっさと忘れろ。お前にゃこれから先、覚えていかなきゃならん事が山ほどできるんだし。 Context: A and B were involved in a sparing session, and after winning B exclaims they will cherish this memory forever....
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The use of で and に with 座る

I came across this example in Genki I .....まどの近くに座っています And I was wondering about the use of に here and if we can replace it with で to make ......まどの近くで座っています Is it correct? Please explain ...
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In this particular sentence is 間 and 間に interchangeable?

I'm studying for the N3 from Kanzen textbook and I came across this question 私は夏休みの( )、アメリカの友達の家にいた。 there are three choices: 間、間に、中で the answer they consider it as the right one is 間. what ...
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Problem understanding この素晴しい世界に祝福を!

I am studding particles, and I want to translate the anime's name: "この素晴しい世界に祝福を!" (kono subarashii sekai ni shukufuku o!). What does に mean in this sentence? I have seen many people ...
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Inferred particles - should I infer は or に in this sentence?

I was translating this song (https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/pages/31606.html) and there was a line that didn't make sense without an inferred particle, but I'm not sure which particle to infer. (...
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私に言われても versus 私が言われても

I am aware that "言われる" means "to be told". My impression would be that "私に言われても" means "Even if I told you..." while "私が言われても" means "Even if I am told...". But this site answer seems to suggest that ...
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Indicating time in Japanese: に、は、or no particle?

This is my first question on Japanese Stackexchange. よろしくお願いします! The following example sentence made me wonder about the placement of particles after time expresssions: 先生は週末は何をしますか。 I came up with ...
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225 views

What does これには mean in this sentence? [closed]

「私って元来遊び人なのかもと妙に納得しつつ、もう一つ新たに開設された「脳内フェチイメージ」にチャレンジしたら、これには腰を抜かさんばかりの驚きでありました。」's「これには」
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How do i use ある/いる?

Up to now I've come to understand the meaning of these verbs. I understand when you are saying something exists somewhere you use the particle に to indicate where it exists, or someone having ...
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Usage of に after verbs

彼は川へ泳ぎに行った。 In this sentence, the 連用形 of 泳ぐ is placed in front of に, with the action verb 行く/行った, thus indicating the verb (to swim) for which the action (to go) is taken. My first question is if this ...
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Difference between 以外で and 以外に

文部科学省は、病気などの理由以外で、1年に30日以上学校を休んだ子どもが、2016年度に13万4398人いたと発表しました。 The Ministry of Education announced that there were 134398 children in the 2016 school year who had more than 30 days of absence for ...
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Confusing embedded question

Context: a girl and her parents are attacked, and her parents are killed before she is saved by someone. He apologizes (for being too late to save her parents) and then says this: ……せめて。...
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Is に forming an adverb in the following sentence? Or is it just a preposition?

Context: a person is describing the punches of a boxer. 顔面ノーガードにスウェーから変則的な角度とリズムで放たれる拳。 Is に making an adverb of 顔面ノーガード? Or does it indicates that the boxer is throwing a punch to an opponent ...
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Why is “な” in “円滑な活動を助ける” not “に”?

why is "円滑" an Adjective not an Adverb in this sentence?
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行っています versus 行きました

The 1993 4級 test had this vocabulary question: ちちは いま、しんぶんを ____ いって います。 1 ぬぎに  2 よびに  3 ききに  4 かいに Am I right to say that the answer is 4, かいに, with the sentence as My dad went to buy a newspaper (...
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A particle for place of action for V-2+に行く

What particle should be used for a place of action (or a place to go?) in case of using V-2+に行く construction? E.g. 食堂 _ 食べに行きます。 At one hand, 食堂 is a place of action (eating) and で-particle should ...
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Difference between に and が [duplicate]

What's the difference between their に and が in these sentences? 「私にできることがあれば何でも言ってください」 and 「私ができることがあれば何でも言ってください」?
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Understanding the pattern “〜から、〜に耳打ちしてもらう”

I am trying to interpret the sentence: ――ラファから、長に、そう耳打ちしてもらう You can see this in context here, but I'll describe a little of the situation in this post. The line is said by a character named Ian to ...
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Would I be right in reading 「私には…」as 「to me it's …」?

Would I be correct in reading things like 私には or 個人的には as being "to me"? Like in the following: 私には寿司が美味しいって!To me sushi is tasty! Or 彼には女性が誰よりきれいです。To him she is better than anyone. Would I ...
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Why is で used instead of に alongside ある?

I am wondering as to why で was used after 間 instead of に as I would expect because it is talking about popularity being present. What is the general definition for this usage of で? そのホテルは安くて清潔なので、...
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What is the difference between 前と and 前に? [closed]

I've seen both used to mean "X ago", e.g. "六日前と" and "3ヶ月前に".
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Clarifications regarding the AをBに。。。 construction

I've read Meaning and transitivity of ゴミ袋を手に立ち上がる before, but i'm looking to confirm some things where AをBに(して)is not the case. 彼女の視線を一身に浴びて、私は身が縮む思いだった。 basking my body under her gaze, I feel my ...
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Particle usage of に in 南北に長い?

I was reading page 5 of my 上級へのとびら textbook, and in line 12, the following sentence caught my eye: 日本は南北に長いので…… I cannot figure out why the に is used instead of が (南北が長い). Is に the 連用形 of なる here?
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Usage of に in this sentence

そんなメアを飛鳥がカメラに何度も収めている。 Asuka gathered(?) many (photographs) of Mare via his camera ?? Aside from the odd use of 収める, why did they use に over で in this sentence? Thank you
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What does this に do in this sentence? And this わ in the following?

A: 結婚したいけど、僕にはお金がないから... B: お金なんか要らないわ。あなたといっしょにいるだけでいいの。 They are printed in bold. I dont really have problems understanding the sentence. But I wouldn't know what nuances are brought in by the ...
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why に can mean “and”?

I think I've only seen this usage in anime and manga so not sure how common it is in real life. Sometimes に seems to be used as "and", usually (always?) with people, e.g. something like: 田中に黒田じゃないか! ...
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meaning of ことに? [duplicate]

お土産を気に入ってくれたことに安堵すると、 What is the meaning of ことに ? This is something I see from time to time, but I don't understand its pattern. Aren't ことは or ことを working here ?
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協力する particle usage

私と協力してください。 私に協力してください。 Please cooperate with me. Is there any difference in meaning/usage/nuance when choosing と or に to go with the verb 協力する? If I had to guess maybe I'd say that 私と協力してください ...
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On the use of ゆえ - Difference between ゆえに and ゆえの

I'm confused about the use of ゆえ in case it is followed by の instead of に. In the second case I know that ゆえ indicates a consequence, a sort of "Some state/condition ゆえに some consequence". However, ...
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what's the difference between particle を and に when used for location

i’ve been learning about particles lately as im still new to the language i can't tell the difference between these two particles when used for locations for example: 街を歩く does this mean walk through ...
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difference between しきりに or しきりと?

While looking up the meaning of 頻繁{ひんぱん}, I happened to notice that one of the definitions quoted by デジタル大辞泉 states: しきりに行われること However, there's also an entry for しきりと (same しきり as the first, I ...
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Can a noun with adverbial particle に be used to express “going somewhere with a purpose”?

I am familiar with the formula: 連用形+に+動の動詞 (行く、来る、帰る、戻る、出かける、出る) which means "moving somewhere with a purpose", where "moving" is a template for going, coming, returning, etc. E.g. ...
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Difference between 時に、時は、時には

I am having a hard time figuring these out, it turns out that I get corrected by native speakers a lot, when I use one of them, they will correct me saying that another particle should be used ...
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Why is に used in the sentence 大ピンチに勝機が見えた?

Why is there a に particle here? I dont see it fitting any of the roles I know for it (indirect object, indicating a source or agent, frequency, a specific point in time, purpose, direction of action, ...
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What particle do I use for the one who received the favour in -てくれる?

In sentences with ~てくれる the one that do us a favour goes with は・が particle. Which particle do I have to use for the one who receives the favour? Can I use both に and を or only に? I've seen both. Is it ...
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Use of に in a list of names? [duplicate]

In this funny scene from the anime Kiniro Mosaic (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uIauXFVABIQ), the character Karen is listing peoples' names to get familiar with them and says, "陽子、忍に、えっと…" What is ...
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Why can に be put after a verb's plain form?

I just noticed this line in the System Preferences app on OS X: It says 変更するにはカギをクリックします。 Click the lock to make changes Here, に is put after a verb's plain form. I have never seen this kind of ...
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Usage of の and に in 弟のもっといいお手本になりなさい!

So, there's this sentence: 弟のもっといいお手本になりなさい! And the translation given is: Set a better example for your brother! But I simply cannot understand why it is composed like that. Specifically: ...
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874 views

中心にする vs. 中心とする

I am currently studying Japanese and one of the recent grammar points I ran into is the construct「〜を中心[に・と]する」. I was wondering whether the choice of particle has any particular connotation, or ...
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Does 関係 use particle に or と?

「さっきから七夕に関係ねェもンばっかり吊りさがってやがるなぁ」 These days they only hang things which are unrelated to Tanabata. These days, on Tanabata, they only hang unrelated things. I would have expected the particle と to ...
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158 views

Difference between に and まで? [closed]

What's the difference between the particles に、and まで? And what does it mean when combined to make までに? I've been quite confused as to what these two mean. And I was hoping someone could compare the ...
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259 views

Should I use で or に?

I'm not sure if should use で or に in this sentence 最近新しい医学の論文をアメリカの雑誌 で/に 読みました。 I would go with に, do you agree?
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198 views

で or に: how does the meaning of a sentence change?

Supposing I wanted to say "I see the fireworks at the summer festival". Would this be: 夏{なつ}祭{まつ}りで花{はな}火{び}を見{み}ます。 or 夏祭りに花火を見ます。 If both are correct, how does the meaning differ between ...
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76 views

Does this sentence 「彼女が美しくなりましたね。」 need 「に」?

Does this sentence: 「彼女が美しく [...] なりましたね。」 need 「に」 in the marked spot? And why? Can it be used both ways? I tried searching for the 「に」 usage but it seems to be the most elusive particle as it'...

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