Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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Function of に in お話を聞くに? [duplicate]

「……それで。扉の外でお話を聞くに、何だか琴里さんがトチ狂っていやがったようなので一撃お見舞いしてやったわけですが……オーケイでした?」 Hi. The speaker heard 琴里 talking in an insane way so the speaker snapped 琴里 out of it with a single stroke. Hi. What is the ...
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The function of the に in 俺たちに足りない部分を埋めて

「ああ。俺たちは確かに、歌でおまえには敵わなかった。......でも、メイドカフェや、他の出展物を用意してくれた生徒たちが、俺たちに足りない部分を埋めてくれたんだよ」 Hi. Could you explain the function of the に here? I previously thought it was because of てくれた until I’ve come across ...
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Function of 私に when someone else wants someone to do something

私の妻はこの古いよい帽子を私にすててほしいと思っている。 I understand this sentence, but when I dissect it, I realize I'm not sure why に is being used. Does anyone care to explain?
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Can places be used without に?

When studying the famous song 君がくれたもの, I came across the following line: ああ、花火が夜空綺麗に咲いて...... While trying to understand this line grammatically, I realize although it means “fireworks bloomed ...
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Understanding 「たった三十分のあいだに、高木の変わり様といったらなかった。」

たった三十分のあいだに、高木の変わり様といったらなかった。 I'm not at all clear on the translation or nuance here. Source is a NLPT N1 grammar question. Confusion #1: The use of に in 「たった三十分のあいだに」. If the translation is "in ...
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What is the function of the に in 仕上げに?

「......てめえ、覚えてろよ」 「女の子はそんな言葉遣いしちゃ駄目よ。そうそう、仕上げにこれをつけてちょうだい」 「あ?」 士道は眉をひそめながら、琴里から絆創膏のようなものを受け取った。 「それをのどに貼り付けてみて」 Context: the first speaker is the brother (士道) and the second speaker the sister (琴里). ...
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Function of the に (光に透けて)?

長い髪をゆったりと一つに纏めた少女である。光に透けて紫紺に輝く、色素の薄い髪。 Hi. What is the function of the に in bold? See through the light? Thank you.
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[subject][に instead of が] before transitive verb

先生に教えていただいてはじめて、プログラミングの面白さが分かりました。 =I didn’t realize how interesting programming was until my teacher taught me. 教える is a transitive verb. So why is に used over が? I didn't find my issue in Q: ...
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Meaning of 後に in 研究員たちが後に続くと、博士は笑みを浮かべた。

I'd like to confirm if the 後に in 研究員たちが後に続くと、博士は笑みを浮かべた。 is referring to sometime later. In other words, if the sentence can be translated as When the researchers followed later on, the Professor ...
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Why を and not に in 今日は先輩に2回**を**注意されました。?

今日は先輩に2回を注意されました。 [today][by senpai][2 times were adviced/warned]??? does this make any sense? Shouldn't it be rather: 今日は先輩に2回に注意されました。 [today][by senpai][2 times (I/He/She..etc) were adviced/warned]?...
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Why wasn't が used instead of には in [そんなこと、私にはとても出来ない。]?

Why wasn't が used instead of には in [そんなこと、私にはとても出来ない。]? Is it correct to use が? What is the meaning/sense and role of には in the sentence to choose it over the が particle? English: There's no way I ...
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Someone could explain me what is the meaning of に in this sentence?

皆さん、こんにちは 次のテキストはわからない文があるんですよね。 この文がわからない理由は"に"ですから。 この場合、にの意味が本当に知りませんよ! だから、助けてください 『サイト内の例文の再配布は不可です。 個人での学習にお使いください』
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Usage of は over に to mark seasonal changes

For context, I have the following text speaking about the leaves of a maple tree. これは花ではありません。 「かえで」 の葉です。 秋は赤いです。夏は緑です。 I understand that the phrase in bold would be translated as something like &...
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Word types + に/を + する

There have been a few times where I have come across にする and をする and I am asking about different situations of when it is used and its meaning. The first example is Adjective (specifically な) + にする: ...
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Why do these two sentences take different particles (に and で) despite being broadly similar?

日本人の会話には下の例のように、「~けど」や「~から」や「し」などで文を終わらせる話し方が多く見られます。 日本語の会話では、文の倒置もよく見られます。 These two sentences (which are not in sequence) come from a text from the Tobira Gateway to Advanced Japanese textbook. ...
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Can in this passive tense structure the topic be the same as the performer of the action?

I've been skimming through Minna no Nihongo and I found this structure: [N1は]...[N2に]...[N3を]...「Vpassive] And I understand the example sentence given with it: 私は弟にパソコンを壊されました。 They say that N1 is ...
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俺にでも + なれる meaning

https://colorcodedlyrics.com/2018/01/winner-really-really-japanese-ver << From this song There's a sentence: 君のためなら 俺にでもなれる Billionaire The translation is "If it’s for you, even I could ...
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Optional omission of the particle に

My textbook has the sentence: " 私は日曜日[に]国へ帰ります。" This means that に is optional, however, why is it optional, and how would you decide when to write/not write に. Thanks!
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Intuitive way to justify this usage of「に」

An earlier question on JP.SE asked about the usage of the particle「に」for what seemed to be attribution or possession, but I wasn't sure if those were 'official' uses of「に」and I decided to do some ...
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What function does に serve in the following sentence?

I came across this sentence and I can't figure out what the purpose of に is. The full sentence in context is: 天照大神【あまてらすおおかみ】には須佐之男命【すさのおのみこと】という弟の神様がいたのですが、須佐之男【すさのお】はとても乱暴【らんぼう】で悪いことばかりするので、...
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てからに in 大学を出てからにしたら meaning

父 : どうしたんだ? 母 : ゆき(Name of a person) が大学をやめて劇団の仕事やるって言ってるのよ。 父 : 劇団の仕事 ? ああ、ずいぶん熱心にやっているからな。 母 : 大学を出てからにしたらといったんだけど… What is the usage of に in 出てからに  Is it に indicating time ? (When Yuki's finished ...
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Shouldn't this の particle be a に particle?

I understand the gist of what the final sentence is, but I don't understand why の was used instead of に. Is it because the 間 represents a sense of "when" (just as 'いつ' in いつ行きますか does), ...
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Difference Between ほかに and ほかは

I came across these two examples and I don't see why one takes に and one takes は. 彼女のほかに知り合いはいません。 I have no acquaintances besides her. ビールのほかは何もいりません。 I don't need anything other than beer. I ...
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Confusion between ~に似てる ~と似てる

From https://www.imabi.net/theparticleto.htm, と may mark a subject being compared. As for 似る, ~に似る and ~と似る are possible but slightly different. と in this case marks one side of a mutual relation(...
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What is the difference between 写真を撮る and 写真に撮る?

As I understood so far, 撮る is a transitive verb, so "to take a photograph" is 写真を撮る in Japanese. However, I've just come across a sentence in my textbook that uses the expression 写真に撮る, and I'm not ...
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に usage and meaning in 旅行代金の請求書の控えを2枚目に送った

旅行代金の請求書の控えを2枚目に送った This に here, what does it mean. Here's the context (The question doesn't appear in picture below) There's a context saying 枚数: 本状を含めて2枚 ,so I think the bill has 2 pages. I ...
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Disambiguating に and を

その時を待っている - I will be waiting for that time その時に待っている - "I will be waiting for that time" or "I will be waiting at that time" The first sentence only can ever have that single translation. The ...
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Why can we not use に to mark absolute time with i-adjectives?

EDIT: Still looking for a complete answer. Please read the edit below. This is something I've been wondering for some time now. And this is also not related to relative temporal nouns, I understand ...
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'I will GO to (verb)' vs. 'I will (verb)'

In sentences like 2時ごろ子どもを迎えに行きます。I will go to meet/greet my child around 2 O'clock. Is the sentence structure of verb(Stem form)に行く/来る/帰る, ever strictly necessary? Or following the example, ...
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I can't understand the use of と in 新しい政策はあまり良いとは思えません。

I'm a beginner with Japanese, also I'm not a native english speaker, and I'm struggling with things like this since long ago: I learned basic use of particles and currently I can understand several ...
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に with action verbs

日本に留学すれば、日本料理が食べられるようになります。 Why is に used in this particular sentence? I'd use で because I think する is an action verb, not a state verb.
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I really can't understand the use of に + と USED TOGETHER in this clause

I'm reading a book, and I found this: 二十歳のお祝いにと店長がプレゼントしてくれたカメラ Now, why are に and と used together? I can understand the function of に (meaning "at", I suppose, if お祝い means "celebration"), but ...
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に particle used with ある

できることが僕にある This sounds like "the things I can do is in me", which doesn't makes sense. Translation tells me it actually means "I can do something". Why is に used rather than が? What rule does this に ...
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に particle used with noun

ユキは空気を読まない傾向にあるからな Why is に used above rather then が? I'd thought that when に is used with a noun (in this case 傾向), it indicates something is in the noun (in this case, something is in 傾向), which ...
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What does the に in 数値を見るに mean? [duplicate]

『なるほど。数値を見るに、一時的に顕在化した力は経路を通して再封印されたみたいだけどーー早めに機嫌を直しておいた方がよさそうね』 Hi. What does the に mean here? I would expect 見ると. Thank you.
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に in passive sentence

乱暴にされているのに.... Got the sentence above from a book. From what I understand, に marks the doer in a passive sentence. In other words, the sentence above would translate to "done by violence", which ...
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The meaning of ”あれは魔術師に与えられた祝福”

I translated the sentence "あれは魔術師に与えられた祝福” to something along the line of "That is something that was given a blessing by a sorcerer" but in the translation that I compared it to, the translator ...
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why is ni in "kinou watashimo wakaranakatta kara, sensei ni kikimashita" the particle?

The book didn't cover a lot about ni but I know that it is used to tell what time it is or where you are going. but nothing like this. the best explanation I found was that it could also be used as an ...
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に and で usage help for these two sentences

Sentence 1: テーブルに料理を並べました。 Sentence 2: 公園に花が咲いています。 To my understanding, I thought that で should be the right particle for both sentences instead of に. My rationale is that both sentences show ...
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Does this に particle affect the whole phrase?

I am confused about this sentence I found. しかし彼が悪いヤツにはどうしても思えないのだ。 My take would be that に is used for an adverbial construction similar to "疑問に思う". So would "悪いヤツに思う" mean having a "bad-guy" ...
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The usage of particle「に」:彼女に孫が一人いる。

I've seen sentences like 彼女に孫が一人いる。 彼に本当の友達がいない。 In a reference book (see the picture below, No.17), it says that the particle 「に」 is to introduce the "owner" of something or someone. But ...
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From a Japanese PoV, what's the explanation of 「に」 particle corresponding to both western concepts of "to" and "in"

自由に歩いて。 人の中に心臓がある。 学校に行きます。 If I'm correct: Walk freely. (Walk in freedom) Inside a person there's a heart. I go to school. So, I'd want to understand why 「に」 covers both "to" and "...
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を-, と- and に-particle usage with 合わせる

Recently, I found out that 合わせる can go with many particles. Jisho gives here (https://jisho.org/search/%E5%90%88%E3%82%8F%E3%81%9B%E3%82%8B) some examples on this: あなたの計画{けいかく} を 私{わたし} に 合わせなさい。...
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120 views

の and に difference in position maker

We all know that に indicates the position of the object (i.e. where it is). I just came across a sentence where の was used to indicate position with respect to objects. ねこはテーブルの上。In here the cat is ...
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Whether まで should be used or に to determine place of destination?

Pre-Text: Both まで and に can be used to determine the place of movement/destination. Hi, I was studying, these two Particles, I came across a situation regarding whether to use まで or に which I couldn'...
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Could you please tell the difference between particle は and に in case of description of a place of existence

I am just a beginner and am currently reading particles. I came across a thought of using に instead of は in a certain example and I couldn't find the difference in the usage and the context as well. ...
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How is に used in the following sentence?

I have the following sentence from my hero academia anime. つくづく あの入試は 合理性に欠くよ。 The english subtitles for the show have this as the translation "That entrance exam was definitely not rational enough....
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565 views

What is the meaning of かけてきた

I am confused by this part にかけてきた. Can someone explain to me? この曲を給食のときにかけてきた放送委員
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530 views

Is it possible to put two adverbs one after another?

In the following sentence: 本当に正直に話していいかな? I know that 本当に is an adverb which means "really" but what about 正直に? I though that it was an adverb because of the に but I don't know if one can put two ...
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When can を be replaced with に?

In these two sentences, I would've thought に would be used in place, but instead を is used? When is it appropriate to use either? A: 反対側【はんたいがわ】50メートルあたりを探【さが】して! Search around 50 metres on the ...

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