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Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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0 votes
1 answer
414 views

Can you add a "cause" to an intransitive verb with に

I was wondering if when you have the transitive statement 誰が窓を[開]{あ}けた? You can make an intransitive version like 窓は誰に[開]{あ}いた? I can't find any sources that tell if you can add the "actual&...
4 votes
1 answer
140 views

Understanding 食べるに楽しい

味よりも先に香り、温度、食感……。たった一口で何とも面白い。そして当然のように味はこの上ない。 いいモナカだった。 食べるに楽しい、何よりおいしい。 リコリス・リコイル Ordinary days How should I understand the usage of the bold に? Is it like 思うに, 察するに, etc.?
1 vote
1 answer
371 views

自分になりたい。 自分でありたい。 What's the difference?

I know both sentences more or less mean "I want to be myself", but I'm not sure of the subtle differences. When would you use でありたい over になりたい ? Source: Tsurune season 2 trailer. Both are ...
1 vote
1 answer
124 views

What does に indicate in "運転手に重大な過失は認められなかった"?

The following excerpt is from a reading comprehension exercise (page 214 of TRY! 日本語能力試験 N2 文法から伸ばす日本語). 交差点で車同士が衝突する事故が起きた。事故原因の調査では、運転手に重大な過失は認められなかった。 Is it correct to recognize 認められなかった as the (...
0 votes
1 answer
81 views

What is the correct way to use ”には” as a particle? Also how credible is Duolingo?

How credible is Duolingo? I've heard many bad things about its grammar in Asian languages so I just wanted to see if they got this specific thing right. One of the Questions it asked was how to ...
1 vote
1 answer
126 views

Using に to make a comparison

I came across the following sentence in an old Japanese text a while ago and am wondering about the use of に here: 工場の規模極めて小さく且使用機械不完全なる為め、製品の品質本邦產品に劣り。 Now I am pretty sure that the に here is used ...
1 vote
2 answers
142 views

"With" / "together" meaning of the に particle

While studying the basic functions of particles, I came across the following sentence: パンにコーヒーか紅茶を飲みます (I have coffee or tea with / together with bread) I don't know if this is the correct translation ...
1 vote
1 answer
84 views

Use of particle に

What is the reason why に is used in this sentence instead of が or を? 外国語を使って仕事をしていらっしゃる方々にお集まりいただきました。 Does this いただく here stand for honorific of する or of もらう?
4 votes
1 answer
170 views

近くに見える vs 近くで見える

Can someone tell me the difference please?
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1 answer
55 views

Does the highlighted に in the following passage correspond to a dative subject marker?

I am having a hard time trying to parse the following passage, in particular the に particle highlighted in bold: 天皇が行っている主な活動には、政府が決めたことを天皇の名前で発表して儀式を行うこと(大臣の認証任命式など)や、災害 に あって苦しんでいる人々に会いに行って励ましたり、...
0 votes
1 answer
191 views

に usage in 「定めに抗う...」

I am having trouble understanding the usage of に in this particular context. I've attached a picture of the sentence「定めに抗い、変革を望む者…」. Here's another sentence where I think に is acting in the same way ...
0 votes
1 answer
290 views

帰り道で見た and 帰り道に見た?

I seem to have seen/heard both. 帰り道で見た東京タワーが上空を照らしていた (source) 帰り道で見た景色 (source) 帰り道に見たかもしれない夕日の絵を描きました (source) 帰り道に見た夕日 (source)
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2 answers
247 views

Difference between the particles で and に? [duplicate]

I have noticed that both the particlesで and に tend to mean the same thing (in / on). What ous the exact difference between these two, how do I know when to usr I've or the other, and what are some ...
3 votes
1 answer
100 views

Why で in アパートでペットを飼ってる but に in 心の中に怪物を飼ってる?

で in アパートでペットを飼ってる seems to be common usage, but why に in 心の中に怪物を飼ってる? I haven't found any examples of 心の中・奥で○○飼う, but here are examples of に: 心の中に怪物を飼ってる餅 (source) すげぇやつはみんな心の中に怪物を飼ってる (ブルーロック) 葛西「...
0 votes
1 answer
51 views

omission of に when its used with もらう

デンジ君は早川君の部隊に入ってもらう デンジ君には早川君の部隊に入ってもらう Any difference?
1 vote
1 answer
111 views

How do で and に differ here?

I have seen both "someoneで(は)わからない" as well as "someoneに(は)わからない" How are the nuances changed? How do they differ? Another example would be "私にわかることは....、私でわかることは...." ...
1 vote
1 answer
196 views

Help parse and understand the sentence?

メルセデス・ベンツ日本は、一部改良した「メルセデス AMG GT 4ドアクーペ」の日本導入を発表。予約受注を開始した。改良モデルでは、従来のマルチチャンバーを備えたAMGライドコントロール+のエアサスペンションに、新たにダンパーの外側に2つの圧力制御バルブを上級モデルの「GT 53」に標準装備。「GT 43」にはオプションで用意された。 How should I parse the bold ...
0 votes
1 answer
129 views

海にでも散歩してほしいね Does に work here?

A: 何故台風はいつも休日に来る? B: 台風も休みだから散歩なんじゃない? A: (1) 台風も生きてるのか... なら海にでも散歩してほしいね A native speaking friend made a joke but their use of に doesn't sound quite right to me. Shouldn't it be 場所で散歩? (2) ...
4 votes
1 answer
105 views

Verbs that "should" be used with に without に

当たり前だと思っていた明日が来ること"も"飽きていた Does the meaning change without に? I would personally say 当たり前だと思っていた明日が来ること"にも"飽きていた, with に since I see 飽きる being used with に almost all the time. Am ...
9 votes
3 answers
3k views

に vs. を in "to pass a test"

Every time I'm feeling confident about the correct usage of に, を, and で, I get thrown for a loop. Could someone please explain to me the use of に in this sentence: I will study a lot and pass the ...
8 votes
1 answer
216 views

When do you use に to indicate a cause or reason for something?

I was reading a children's book and came across the following sentence: あまりの寒さに目を覚ました。 I can tell that it means "Because of the extreme cold, he woke up," but I was kind of surprised to ...
10 votes
1 answer
1k views

Meaning of に in 早くに

These constructions both have Google hits: もっと早くに言う and もっと早く言う. They seem to mean more or less the same thing. But what exactly does this に mean and when can we use に after an adverb? I don't think ...
1 vote
1 answer
100 views

When can 形容動詞 go with で?

A Japanese grammar book will tell you that to make a 形容動詞(な adjective) into an adverb, you add に after it. For example: 静かに歩いてください そういうのって確かに非常に辛いな However, recently, I’ve started to notice ...
1 vote
1 answer
272 views

Interpreting 開ける when talking about 暇なとき

Earlier today I read the following excerpt from a message: 結局今日はゲームやらなかったよ! また、暇なときに開けよう The part I'm most unclear on is how to translate 開けよう. First off, let me mention that I'm currently ...
1 vote
1 answer
175 views

にさせる usage in a sentence

I was reading the Japanese version of No Longer Human by Osamu Dazai, and this sentence came up. 嫌な気持ちにさせるのだ I would like to know why に particle was used before the word させる.
1 vote
1 answer
77 views

what is the meaning of みにまかせる?

I've came across this sentence many times in anime songs and I don't know what is the meaning of it and the kanji of it. does the み in there stand for 見? also, what is the difference between that and ...
1 vote
1 answer
73 views

Understanding で over に in Noun + 的 + で

In the song lyrics to "A Piece of Blue Glass Moon": https://miraikyun.com/reona-seimeisen-lyrics-tsukihime-a-piece-of-blue-glass-moon-theme-song/ Nouns + 的で are used a lot. I would of ...
6 votes
2 answers
378 views

に to indicate the role you want something to play?

In Chapter 11 of the Genki textbook, it's stated that に can be used to indicate the role you want something to play. The example sentence given was: お土産に絵葉書を買いました。 However, I am a bit confused as I ...
1 vote
0 answers
119 views

〜ような or 〜ように before V-stem + 方 [closed]

I encountered the following multiple-choice question in a JLPT N3 grammar practice test: 仕事と生活の(   )働き方がしたい。 1 バランスをとるらしく     2 バランスをとるらしい 3 バランスがとれるような    4 バランスがとれるように I chose 「3 バランスがとれるような」, but ...
4 votes
3 answers
1k views

When should you use a に when talking about the time?

Over time, I've realised that certain words you use when referring to time, such as ’今日’, ’明日’ and ’毎朝’ have no need for you to attach the に particle. However, when saying '六時’, you must attach a に. ...
3 votes
1 answer
175 views

Why do these two sentences take different particles (に and で) despite being broadly similar?

日本人の会話には下の例のように、「~けど」や「~から」や「し」などで文を終わらせる話し方が多く見られます。 日本語の会話では、文の倒置もよく見られます。 These two sentences (which are not in sequence) come from a text from the Tobira Gateway to Advanced Japanese textbook. ...
2 votes
1 answer
136 views

Is the particle に and its multiple functions just the general and reduced version of more specific に phrases like にとって, に対して?

Sorry if it seems like a silly question but since I'm studying Japanese through immersion I have no idea if this is common knowledge or not. The particle に when used alone can have many different ...
0 votes
1 answer
168 views

what does に do in いつの間にこんな自立した子に…

I don't understand why に is used in this sentence I saw this sentence in the second episode of the anime k-on いつの間にこんな自立した子に...うれしいような悲しいような the English subs said that it meant She's all ...
2 votes
1 answer
136 views

Understanding に in 砲撃に

稼働を止めたブレードを力任せに敵機に叩きつけ、半ばで折れ飛ぶのも気にせず次の敵機に向かう。至近距離で炸裂した近接信管の砲撃に砲弾片がコクピットに飛びこみ、サブスクリーンの一枚を叩き割るのに視線も揺らさぬ。ただ目の前の敵機だけに意識の全てを向けている、鋭利に凍りついた紅い瞳。 86 ─ エイティシックス ─ Ep.2 ─ ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント ─〈上〉 安里アサト Does the ...
2 votes
1 answer
77 views

教師に歩未ちゃんへの注意を促す程度ですね。 Could you explain which words here are connected by に particle?

About context. It is a sentence from an anime series (charlotte). One of the characters proposes their actions regarding other character (Ayumi, 歩未ちゃん). Here we have 歩未ちゃんへの注意 (attention to Ayumi). ...
2 votes
1 answer
105 views

Is the に in 以上に mandatory in the following context?

I came across the following sentence in a text about 俳句 (emphasis, translation and words in square brackets mine): 携帯電話で俳句を送り合って遊ぶ若者もいますし、外国人が日本人以上にすばらしい俳句を表現することもあります。 There are youngsters who play ...
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

Indicating time in Japanese: に、は、or no particle?

This is my first question on Japanese Stackexchange. よろしくお願いします! The following example sentence made me wonder about the placement of particles after time expresssions: 先生は週末は何をしますか。 I came up with ...
0 votes
1 answer
49 views

見るように meaning in this song

The first two lines of Error by GARNiDELiA are 壊れてしまったモノを見るように おかしなことだと誰もが言う I'm fairly confident it means, "Looking at (you) like something broken- everyone says it's strange." This would ...
0 votes
1 answer
40 views

Whats the diffrence with に and を in this sentence?

I am having trouble understanding the use of に in this following sentence, and also if putting を instead of に would change the meaning of the sentence. 何に興味がありますか。
2 votes
0 answers
66 views

Particle に used to express reason/cause [duplicate]

彼の落ち着いた態度に私の恐怖心は消えた。 My fear disappeared thanks to his relaxed disposition. (given translation by duolingo) The usage of に is confusing me in this sentence. I would be happy with 態度のために or 態度のおかげで, ...
2 votes
1 answer
112 views

What's the difference between the particle は and the combined particles では and には?

I know that は can be translated as 'speaking of...' or 'as for...', but what's the difference between saying ここは 'speaking of here/as for here' to ここには? In the same frame of reference from the ...
1 vote
1 answer
111 views

Meaning of verb に verb てる

In an anime I heard this exchage: A: 私は商業作家ですもの‌。仕事に対して全力で臨むのはいつの場合でも同じ‌ B: 次回作の小説遅れに遅れてるんです Given that A is a novel author and is late in delivering her last work, I think B's phrase means ...
0 votes
0 answers
59 views

Why is に used here? [duplicate]

Just wondering why the second に is being used here 現行犯逮捕以外に僕に何ができる? My rough translation is: What can I do other than catching them in the act? I understand the reasoning for the first に but the ...
2 votes
1 answer
78 views

Understanding 一月分に余裕をもたせた

最終チェックシークエンス完了。起動承認。瞬いて灯ったスクリーンに、見送りの整備クルー達が映る。半年を過ごしたぼろい隊舎と、半年世話になった整備クルー達。見えないと知りつつ頭を下げた。 一月分に余裕をもたせた物資と人数分の生活用品を満載した機動脚付き追加コンテナ五機を連結され、百足のようになったファイドが偵察隊の後ろに控える。 86─エイティシックス─ 安里アサト How should I ...
1 vote
2 answers
181 views

when is に used to mark the subject?

I was reading a grammar book, and I stumbled across the following sentence 君になんかわからない At first sight, I thought it means "I don't know you." But the translation given beneath the sentence ...
2 votes
1 answer
156 views

誰も + potential verb form

I'm pretty sure "誰にも読めない本" is correct. However, I have also heard something in the same vein as "誰も読めない本", without the に. Is this also correct? If so, does も replace が here?
9 votes
2 answers
1k views

中心にする vs. 中心とする

I am currently studying Japanese and one of the recent grammar points I ran into is the construct「〜を中心[に・と]する」. I was wondering whether the choice of particle has any particular connotation, or ...
1 vote
1 answer
114 views

にで and でに confusion

So I saw these particles in a definition and a song. First, as ひとりでに, which got translated as by itself (this got approved by the way) and then "単独にでなく", which I'm guessing means not being ...
2 votes
1 answer
57 views

Understanding 警戒と注意<に>

士道は真剣な表情でうなずきかえした。それはそうだ。士道は六喰に幾度となく殺されかけているのである。警戒と注意に、し過ぎということはないだろう。 I understand the last sentence means he can’t be too careful. But how should I make sense of this bold に? If it was を, then it’...
1 vote
1 answer
106 views

The grammar of 運命にある

彼らはみんな死ぬ運命にある。 They are all destined to die. Also a similar sentence from this post: 2人は戦う宿命にある The meanings are clear but I can't quite understand how the grammar is working here. How should I ...

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