Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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が and に interchangeability and difference in meaning

Consider these sentences: だれ{が・に}これが出来るか だれ{が・に}日本語が分からないか When both が and に are acceptable, what is their difference in meaning and practical usage?
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What is the difference between "に" and "には"?

The title should be pretty self-explanatory. What meanings does each convey? And in what kinds of circumstances would one be used instead of the other? For example, what are the differences between ...
voithos's user avatar
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61 votes
8 answers
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Particles: に vs. で

I have progressed pretty far in Japanese, but when I construct Japanese sentences, I still get these two particles mixed up. For example, when talking about being inside something, I don't know when ...
language hacker's user avatar
58 votes
7 answers
21k views

What is the difference between 〜となる and 〜になる?

Is it a nuance difference? Is it formality? EDIT For example: 請求書のお支払いは現金のみとなりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 請求書のお支払いは現金のみになりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 I just made that example up, but for some reason, my gut tells me it's ...
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Particle に to enumerate things / to list items?

I encountered several sentences where に was used—from my deduction of the context—to enumerate things. For example a character about to go somewhere, checks his bag if he has everything he needs : 2:「...
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9 votes
3 answers
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Use of に in 「私には本物の若殿様がわかります」

English What function is に serving in this sentence (the speaker has been asked to pick out the real lord from a group of people): 私には本物の若殿様がわかります I know who the real young lord is It seems to me ...
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10 votes
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What does the に do in 表情から察するに?

その表情から察するに魔剣を所持している人は少ないみたいだ。 I'm having trouble figuring out what に does here. Does it have the same meaning as と?
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Causative Form - Difference between 子供に本を読ませる and 子供を本を読ませる

What is the difference between these two examples? 子供に本を読ませる 子供を本を読ませる Please give me some other example to illustrate the difference.
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<adv> versus <adv>+と versus <adv>+に

I often see adverbs used in one of three ways: 1) Adverb appears in isolation in a sentence: あまり 好きじゃないんですが。 2) Adverb is followed by に 別々に お願いします。 1970年代後半、多くの罪もない日本の一般市民が 次々に 失踪した。 3) ...
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に vs. を in "to pass a test"

Every time I'm feeling confident about the correct usage of に, を, and で, I get thrown for a loop. Could someone please explain to me the use of に in this sentence: I will study a lot and pass the ...
イ リ ニ's user avatar
66 votes
8 answers
28k views

When going somewhere, is there any difference between e (へ) and ni (に)?

Can you use へ and に interchangeably, as in: 北海道へ行く and 北海道に行く ? Are there any subtle differences in the use of these two?
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Why say "〜、皆には出来る。" instead of " 〜、皆は出来る。" in this context?

The sentence in a translation: 将来を見据えながら点と点を結ぶということなど、皆にはできません。 While looking at the future, one cannot see how to connect the dots. My assumption is that the following is the "base" sentence. ...
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13 votes
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に and で revisited

Consider the statement A: ホテル(に/で)泊まる. For both cases would translate to "I stay at a hotel" in English. However they are answers to different questions. Consider the questions 1.どこに泊まる and 2.(ホテルで)...
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31 votes
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What's the difference between に and で when speaking of time of an action?

What's the difference between に and で when speaking of the time of an action? I know に is very specific about time, but I'm not sure when, or how to use で. Can で only be used in certain instances? ...
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How to use へ (-e), に (-ni), まで (made) and の方 (no-hō) with destination and direction?

It is common to ask the difference between just "へ" (-e) and "に" (-ni) but it seems to get even more complicated when you also mix in "まで" (made) and even "の方" (no-hō). When Japanese people ask me ...
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7 votes
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Other uses of the particle に in お兄ちゃんには見つからない

I'm reading a story and two siblings are playing 'hide and seek'. The younger one, after finding a hiding place, says: ここならお兄ちゃんには絶対に見つからないよ ここなら means 'if here' that is, from the context, 'if I ...
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に to indicate the role you want something to play?

In Chapter 11 of the Genki textbook, it's stated that に can be used to indicate the role you want something to play. The example sentence given was: お土産に絵葉書を買いました。 However, I am a bit confused as I ...
Energyer's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
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には with plain form of verb

I'm trying to figure out what this sentence below means, but I'm having trouble with the には after the dictionary form of いる. もう1匹居るには居るんじゃが…。 I've read Dictionary form of verb followed by に, but ...
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When does a suru-noun require し in front of a purposive-に?

According to Chocolate's comment to a question, some suru-nouns can be followed by the purposive に directly, but others require (the stem of) する in between.  面会しに行く  面会に行く  料理しに行く × 料理に行く ...
dainichi's user avatar
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11 votes
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How does one use the "[V ます stem] に [Vタ]" pattern (as in 待ちに待った)?

Every now and then I hear 待ちに待った, as in: 待ちに待ったライブ a long-awaited concert I started wondering if this pattern can apply to other verbs, and it certainly seems to, if Google is any indication. I ...
Derek Schaab's user avatar
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14 votes
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Why is it that some temporal nouns cannot be marked with に? And why do they become more acceptable with には?

Consider the following: に here is used in its function of denoting the time where an event occurs (に1): ◯ 一時に1 ◯ 一時半に1 ◯ 月曜日に1 ◯ 正月に1 * 昨日に1 ?/◯ 昨日には * 今日に1 ?/◯ 今日には * 明日に1 ?/◯ 明日には * 去年に1 ?/◯ 去年には *...
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Dictionary form of verb followed by に

I've recently begun noticing that occasionally I'll see a dictionary form of the verb followed by the particle に, for example: 1.)まだ学校へ行くには早い時間です。 It's still too early to go to school. I've been ...
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8 votes
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The usage of particle「に」:彼女に孫が一人いる。

I've seen sentences like 彼女に孫が一人いる。 彼に本当の友達がいない。 In a reference book (see the picture below, No.17), it says that the particle 「に」 is to introduce the "owner" of something or someone. But ...
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The use of で and に with 座る

I came across this example in Genki I .....まどの近くに座っています And I was wondering about the use of に here and if we can replace it with で to make ......まどの近くで座っています Is it correct? Please explain ...
ラザン's user avatar
23 votes
2 answers
976 views

Can't に always replace へ?

Me and the particle へ don't get along. It's not that we don't like each other, it's that we don't get each other. I'm in a pretty committed relationship with に. I mean, I think I understand what へ ...
Questioner's user avatar
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6 votes
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Does indirect passive allow for the を in "四方を海に囲まれる"

My textbook has this example: 四方を海に囲まれる。 Is it the indirect passive that allows for the を direct object marker to be used in that passive voice example? This sentence matches my understanding of ...
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2 answers
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I really can't understand the use of に + と USED TOGETHER in this clause

I'm reading a book, and I found this: 二十歳のお祝いにと店長がプレゼントしてくれたカメラ Now, why are に and と used together? I can understand the function of に (meaning "at", I suppose, if お祝い means "celebration"), but ...
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1 answer
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Function of に and meaning of ものだ in this sentence

The context is : some people are acting stupidly, and someone else watching them says this : 困ったものです。こういう連中には... My first thought was to translate the sentence in the following way : That ...
Alox's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
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The meaning of ”あれは魔術師に与えられた祝福”

I translated the sentence "あれは魔術師に与えられた祝福” to something along the line of "That is something that was given a blessing by a sorcerer" but in the translation that I compared it to, the translator ...
Minh Nguyen's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
1k views

Using に with adjectives

I want to know if there is a rule or way of thinking that makes it easier to understand which adjectives can be used in the following pattern. 体にいいです。 健康にわるいです。 酒によわいです。 電車に詳しいです。 その場にふさわしかった。 I ...
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12 votes
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~にしては vs. ~としては

I know one implies the thing I'm comparing actually is the thing I'm comparing it to, and the other doesn't. Can someone suggest an easy example or trick for remembering which is which?
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1 answer
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When do you use に to indicate a cause or reason for something?

I was reading a children's book and came across the following sentence: あまりの寒さに目を覚ました。 I can tell that it means "Because of the extreme cold, he woke up," but I was kind of surprised to ...
Octinary's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
7k views

na-adjective + に particle?

Why is a に particle following a na-adjective in the following sentence? I know that the particle has several uses, e.g. direction and location of existence, but I don't know the reason why it is being ...
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What are the rules of using に and で with regard to 住む and 勤める?

I am going over the cases when に and で are used with location. According to the "Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar", に is used when something exists in a specific location (page 299) and で is used ...
buskila's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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Particle に in passive sentences? あいつから、例の本が彼女に渡された

From what I understand the particle に marks the doer in passive voice sentences, but I found this one in a book: あいつから、例の本が彼女に渡された。 The に particle here as a "marking the doer" doesn't make ...
Alejandro Núñez Valdés's user avatar
23 votes
4 answers
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に vs で again: 前に vs 後で

Following the current trend of pitting the particles に and で against each other, here is another question that does the same but from another type of usage and perspective. When we want to say "do X ...
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16 votes
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Why is 一緒に correct and 一緒で incorrect?

This is a mistake I habitually make, even though I know what the right form is. Earlier tonight, I wanted to tell my friend "Let's go together!", so I sent a mail saying: 一緒{いっしょ}で行{い}こう! My ...
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15 votes
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Difference between 間 and 間に

I have some problems with understanding what is the difference between these two. According to 初級日本語, 間 refers to certain time frame whereas 間に refers to certain time frame within that time frame. Is ...
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に vs で: 映画に見る vs 映画で見る

Branching off from the comments to this question: Do I say えいがにみました or えいがをみました ?: Preamble: The comment says 映画に見た is valid for "I saw it in a movie". I went to search for example sentences and ...
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9 votes
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In this location context how are に, で and にて different?

I still have trouble with how に and で differ when dealing with locations, and I just stumbled across にて. Are these all interchangeable? How are they different? オンラインマーケットにて販売開始しました。 ...
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Why isn't 笑う usually used with に particle?

From what I understand, there are two types of intransitive verbs (might be wrong) The intransitive verb can act with a direct object or direction with the particle に 私は学校に行きます。 私は友達に会います。 ...
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Difference between に and が for intransitive verbs

What is the difference between 試験に受かる and 試験が受かる? It seems that the first one means "to pass an exam" while the second one is more like "passing exams" (really not sure about it). In which cases ...
buskila's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Usage of に after verbs

彼は川へ泳ぎに行った。 In this sentence, the 連用形 of 泳ぐ is placed in front of に, with the action verb 行く/行った, thus indicating the verb (to swim) for which the action (to go) is taken. My first question is if this ...
lightweaver's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
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Correct usage of [verb stem] + に + [another verb]

I'm a little unclear on the use a verb stem, followed by に and another verb. Take these two examples: 特別なビザをもらって行った 特別なビザをもらいに行った I think the first means "I went with a special visa", but ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Using the particle と or the particle に with あう

I've always thought that the only particle which is correct to use with 会う is に: 明日あなたに会います。 But I've come across the sentence: きのう田中さんと会いました。 Is it correct? If it is, when shall we use と with ...
Enguroo's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
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Are へ and に interchangeable in these cases?

I'm just starting to learn Japanese. I do not quite understand one of the uses of the captioned particles. I've learned that に refers to the location of the destination, and へ refers to the direction ...
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3 votes
1 answer
233 views

why に can mean "and"?

I think I've only seen this usage in anime and manga so not sure how common it is in real life. Sometimes に seems to be used as "and", usually (always?) with people, e.g. something like: 田中に黒田じゃないか! ...
Igor Skochinsky's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
1k views

Usage of particles で and に with ~的

A sentence from JapanesePod 101: 北米とヨーロッパでは通常スカートは女性がはくものと思われているが、世界的には多くの男性がスカートをはく。 In North America and Europe a skirt is thought of as something a woman wears, but in many countries men wear ...
Viridian's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
546 views

understanding the grammar of "XをYに"

兄さんをエサにホムンクルスを引っ張り出します Is there an implied verb after に, or not? Is this sentence more along the lines of the situation when you have two verbs connected with the ~て form, or is it more along the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What is the function of the に in 仕上げに?

「......てめえ、覚えてろよ」 「女の子はそんな言葉遣いしちゃ駄目よ。そうそう、仕上げにこれをつけてちょうだい」 「あ?」 士道は眉をひそめながら、琴里から絆創膏のようなものを受け取った。 「それをのどに貼り付けてみて」 Context: the first speaker is the brother (士道) and the second speaker the sister (琴里). ...
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