Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Why is Ni here?

君は学生にすぎない In Bunpro, this is translated to "You are nothing more than a student." Can anyone explain why there must be a に after 学生?
3
votes
1answer
429 views

What is the difference between と話す and に話す

Just as the title says, I'd like to know the difference between 先生に話す and 先生と話す, since they are both correct (if I'm wrong please correct me)
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Usage of に in sentence 歴史に詳しくない日本人でも卑弥呼という名前を知らない日本人はいない [duplicate]

I am working through a book about sample texts from Japanese literature and came around the following sentence: 歴史に詳しくない日本人でも卑弥呼という名前を知らない日本人はいない。 What is this particular use of に? My current ...
2
votes
2answers
283 views

Usage of particles with 出てくる

初めて[山奥]{やまおく}から町に出てきた村の人たちは見るものすべてに[驚]{おどろ}いた。 In this instance, does 山奥から町に出てきた mean "left the mountains and came to the city" (町)? Also, I would normally interpret 出てくる as "leave and ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Recipient of Verb Particles [duplicate]

Can someone explain the difference between the following sentences: Watashi wa Sensei to Hanasu Watashi wa Sensei ni Hanasu The natural one for indicating a conversation involving two people is the ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Parsing or meaning of 我らに戦えと

This is in a Manga where B is asked by A: A: お前たち恵み多き地に住みたくないか? B: それは… 我らに戦えと? かつてはそういった土地を手に入れるため戦{いくさ}に明け暮れましたが[...] While I get the meaning of the rest, I don't know how to deal with 我らに戦えと, ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

volitional + nimo 作ろう+にも?

What does the 「にも」 after the volitional form 「作る」 do here? 死んだら食べ物は必要ないし、死んでるんだから、物は当然産まれない。作ろうにも材料も何もないし。 がっかりさせて悪いけど、天国にはね、何にもないのよ。(『この素晴らしい世界に祝福を』シリーズ、第一巻) I would assume it means something close ...
5
votes
1answer
104 views

Ambiguity in XにYがある

彼女に一万円の借金があります。 I have a debt to her of 10,000 yen. (given translation) This (slightly awkward) English translation means that I owe the women 10,000 yen. Is this sentence ambiguous? Without further ...
0
votes
0answers
266 views

Use of the particle を/に indicating target of an action - animate vs inanimate?

Currently learning Japanese from Rosetta stone, and so far, whenever a verb is acting on something, I've always seen the particle を used - eg: 彼{かれ}は本{ほん}を読{よ}んでいます。 Now the program has thrown に ...
3
votes
2answers
231 views

causative without に

I'm reading this story and am trying to understand the use of the causative in this sentence: あの人{ひと}のマントをどちらが早{はや}く脱{ぬ}がせることができると思{おも}う? According to textbooks and this answer, the "causee&...
2
votes
1answer
443 views

に ambiguity in こういった[A]の対応には少なからず救われている部分があった

あまりにも子供じみた言動に呆れる。 だが、こういった[A]の対応には少なからず救われている部分があった. 深く踏みこまずに居場所を与えてくれるこの距離感に、周囲の人間も惹かれて集まってくるのだろう。 I'm tripped up on the second sentence. Is the 部分 part of the childish behavior, or the person ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

分かりやすく簡潔に書くのは難しいですよね

From what I looked up and understood, it means "Writing in a clear and concise manner is difficult, isn't it?" 分かりやすく簡潔に書くのは難しいですよね But I thought to connect i-adjectives くて was needed, and ...
2
votes
3answers
410 views

Misplaced(?) に in たった4週間の間に毎日3Lの水を飲み続けた女性の変化がヤバすぎ!

Related: Particles after time expressions like "三週間" 【衝撃】 たった4週間の間に毎日3Lの水を飲み続けた女性の変化がヤバすぎ!皆さん、普段の生活の中で意識して”水”を飲... Can you explain what's wrong with the に in 「...
4
votes
1answer
320 views

Should I use で or に in 「最近新しい医学の論文をアメリカの雑誌 で/に 読みました」?

I'm not sure if should use で or に in this sentence 最近新しい医学の論文をアメリカの雑誌 で/に 読みました。 I would go with に, do you agree?
0
votes
1answer
104 views

What does 角が立つ mean? [closed]

智に働けば角が立つ I found this when I was reading kusamakura and I didn't understand it.
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Usage of に in ~にわかる [duplicate]

Often I see に used with verbs like わかる or できる, such as 私{わたし}の気持ち{きもち}があなたに分かる{わかる}ものか What is the function of に here? How would that differ from using が for example? I've tried searching it up and ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Particle for どこ+住む [duplicate]

I have a question regarding the choice of particle in the following sentence in Genki I (p. 177): お姉さんはどこに住んでいますか。 Why is に a better choice of particle here instead of で? Has it got to do with the ...
0
votes
2answers
61 views

てもらう and how it's used with particle に

I was watching this video about てもらう and てくれる, and I don't really understand why てくれる always uses が, and てもらう always uses に to mark the person who does something for the speaker, especially about に ...
3
votes
2answers
624 views

What's the use of に in「古見さんに友達が増えた」?

This question on Reddit piqued my interest, and as of now doesn't have an adequate answer. The sentence in question is: 古見さんに友達が増えた. Komi-san made a new friend. I know に is a very versatile case ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

What does "チョコボといっしょにあてのない方旅をしてる” mean?

Let me specify. I'm playing a Japanese copy of "Final Fantasy V" and I come across sentences I don't know the full meaning of sometimes. I know it means something along the lines of: "...
3
votes
2answers
158 views

Particle に in passive sentences? あいつから、例の本が彼女に渡された

From what I understand the particle に marks the doer in passive voice sentences, but I found this one in a book: あいつから、例の本が彼女に渡された。 The に particle here as a "marking the doer" doesn't make ...
1
vote
1answer
215 views

Can you add a "cause" to an intransitive verb with に

I was wondering if when you have the transitive statement 誰が窓を[開]{あ}けた? You can make an intransitive version like 窓は誰に[開]{あ}いた? I can't find any sources that tell if you can add the "actual&...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

Does に function like は in お前に俺の気持ちがわかるもんか? [duplicate]

I saw this sentence in this topic, but I just have a different question. お前に俺の気持ちがわかるもんか。 Does に here function like は? Because I think the sentence can also be written like this お前は俺の気持ちがわかるもんか。
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Why was the に particle used in くすぐったさに思わず本を取り落としてしまいそうになった? [duplicate]

くすぐったさに思わず本を取り落としてしまいそうになった。 As far as I am concerned に cannot turn a normal noun into an adverb unless it is an adjectival noun, so I guess this is the target particle に. In here I see they have ...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

Particle に confusion in song lyrics 「ケーキに クッキー だいすき」 [duplicate]

I was looking the lyrics of an opening song for Candy Candy (1976), and I couldn't understand that phrase: ケーキに クッキー だいすき Other translations translate it something like "I love cakes and ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Usage of に、とき, ときに

Are these sentences correct? クリスマスにパソコンを買った。 クリスマスのときパソコンを買った。 クリスマスのときにパソコンを買った。 What is the difference when using に、とき, ときに?
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to parse "にある" in this case?

体は睡眠状態にある。 On this site, it's explained that "you can think of this sentence as meaning the body is existing in the 睡眠 (sleep) state." and thus the sentence means "The body is in a ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

What purpose does に serve in set phrases that go after verbs?

~するに決まっている ~するに留まった ~するにして・にしろ・にしては,etc other than this usage you don't see に after verbs. The entire に___ is explained as grammar point as a whole.
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Why does 始末に負えない mean "difficult/impossible to handle"?

Each of 始末 and 負う has several meanings. What meanings do they have in 始末に負えない? And what usage of に is being applied here?
1
vote
1answer
183 views

にする and indirect speech

I came across this sentence during my immersion: YOUさんに婿にしたいランキングぶっちぎりのビリという I don't get the meaning of にしたい in this case. Moreover, shouldn't it be YOUさんは since she's the agent of the quotation?
5
votes
1answer
169 views

Optional omission of the particle に

My textbook has the sentence: " 私は日曜日[に]国へ帰ります。" This means that に is optional, however, why is it optional, and how would you decide when to write/not write に. Thanks!
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Can the indirect object + に be put after を? [duplicate]

Can the following sentence お客さんにサンプルを送っても良いですか。 be re-written as このサンプルをお客さんに送っても良いですか。 that is, putting the indirect object + に after を, so in the end you have <direct object> を <...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Are で and に particles interchangeable when using them with 乗ります and 降ります verbs?

I'm reading a book that translates these two sentences as following: スミスさんは東京駅で電車に乗ります。-> Mr. Smith will get on the train at Tokyo Station. スミスさんは新宿駅で電車を降ります。-> Mr. Smith will get off the train ...
3
votes
2answers
484 views

Are へ and に interchangeable in these cases?

I'm just starting to learn Japanese. I do not quite understand one of the uses of the captioned particles. I've learned that に refers to the location of the destination, and へ refers to the direction ...
4
votes
3answers
428 views

the に行きます construction and particles

I know the (place)へ(noun)を(verb)に行きます construction, but I also know that in some instances the particle に can indicate the place where we're going. Is it possible to use に instead of へ in this ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Difference between に and へ particles

I am a beginner, and I do not really understand the difference between に and へ particles. My teacher told that they can be used interchangeably when it comes to indicating "direction" and &...
0
votes
2answers
218 views

how is に used in this sentence?

I just need clarification of how it was used in this particular sentence 相対的になされるべきで 一部ではなく全体のバランスが対象に I'm just confused why there is a に at the end I did check the video if the voice actor said ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Can 〜に modify a noun? [duplicate]

Here is an example sentence from a grammar book. 東京で若者の街と言ったら、そりゃあ渋谷に原宿だろう。 Does 渋谷に modify 原宿? Can one use 「AにB」in this way to mean “B which is in A”? Or is 渋谷に原宿 simply an abbreviation of 渋谷にある原宿?
2
votes
1answer
202 views

How will you break down this part of a sentence? "弊社現在vtuberなどで使用されるアバターの制作"

初めて。dm失礼いたします。こちら株式会社companyname営業部門となります。弊社現在vtuberなどで使用されるアバターの制作並びに、コミュニティー事業をしている者なのですがまだ活動をされていない方あるいはすでにvtuber活動をされている方も含めてvtuberにご興味がある方を探しておりまして、ご自身、...
2
votes
1answer
253 views

What is AはBにCに?

I've seen this construction a few times but couldn't find it in my textbooks, so I'd like to know how it's called and, if possible, how it works. Since it was pretty much unclear, here I add some ...
3
votes
2answers
178 views

Difference between を and に for position (前を)?

~が前を歩いていました I read this answer but I feel like this case is different because 前 is not a place but a relative position. I'm used to seeing に used for position, for example when giving directions &...
3
votes
1answer
205 views

What's the difference between particle を and に when used for location

I've been learning about particles lately. As I'm still new to the language, I can't tell the difference between these two particles when used for locations for example: 街を歩く Does this mean walk ...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

How does かわいそうに work? [duplicate]

かわいそうに思いました Is this an exception or an expression. This basically means「かわいそうだと思いました」right? Normally with に it would be an adverb, but in this situation it's what he thinks. Can someone explain how ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

(そして彼女は窓際の壁を背に床に座り込む) - What does 壁を背に床に座り込む mean? [duplicate]

そして彼女は窓際の壁を背に床に座り込む。 - And then she sat against the wall to the side of the window. Judging the meaning, I think I managed to grasp what it means but I'm confused about how this sentence works. I ...
-1
votes
1answer
147 views

General meaning of に

I know in Japanese each particle has a general meaning: を marks a direct object, が a subject, etc. Even で, with its multiple meanings, was explained to me like a sort of boundary-marker: in 私はペンで書きました,...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

How does the に particle work here? (にでき) [duplicate]

愛にできること. I am so confused for the usage of the particle に here. This would translate to "things love can do", right? But I've always thought に marks the noun before it, and the action would ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

What is the use of で here?

In the sentence “レジャーが目的で行く“ what does the で express here? Does に work here? I was trying to compare it to the 〜しに行く, like 勉強しに行く.I understand that 目的 is a noun so there is no ます form. What if I want ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

NHK News Easy article: Constant tense changes, and そこに as a conjunction

In this NHK News Easy story, the second paragraph describes an online video showing a river suddenly flooding. 初めは、水は静かに流れています。そこに、急に水がたくさん流れてきます。川はすぐに茶色の水でいっぱいになりました。流れる水の力もとても強くなりました。 The tense is ...
4
votes
2answers
244 views

に versus を with 会いました verb

I casually used を in the sentence クマを会いました。I was corrected with クマに会いました。Checking references and sample sentences I found no を examples. I think there is something fundamental about を and に that I do ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Indirect Objects in Passive Sentences (Is に Ambiguous)

For verbs that typically use に in the dative sense (indirect object) like 送る (for example 手紙を先生に送った), is there any ambiguity in the function of に when the verb is used in the passive? For example, ...

1
2 3 4 5
11