Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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74
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4answers
45k views

What is the difference between “に” and “には”?

The title should be pretty self-explanatory. What meanings does each convey? And in what kinds of circumstances would one be used instead of the other? For example, what are the differences between ...
60
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8answers
19k views

When going somewhere, is there any difference between e (へ) and ni (に)?

Can you use へ and に interchangeably, as in: 北海道へ行く and 北海道に行く ? Are there any subtle differences in the use of these two?
59
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8answers
18k views

Particles: に vs. で

I have progressed pretty far in Japanese, but when I construct Japanese sentences, I still get these two particles mixed up. For example, when talking about being inside something, I don't know when ...
51
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6answers
12k views

What is the difference between 〜となる and 〜になる?

Is it a nuance difference? Is it formality? EDIT For example: 請求書のお支払いは現金のみとなりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 請求書のお支払いは現金のみになりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 I just made that example up, but for some reason, my gut tells ...
27
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3answers
3k views

What's the difference between に and で when speaking of time of an action?

What's the difference between に and で when speaking of the time of an action? I know に is very specific about time, but I'm not sure when, or how to use で. Can で only be used in certain instances? ...
26
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2answers
2k views

今までに vs. 今まで - what is the difference in meaning?

I recently used a following sentence in my homework: 今日までに 私は 二百まいしゃしんを とりました。 Now, in my homework I actually used 今日まで, without に, and I got it corrected. What's the difference between 今日まで and ...
25
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3answers
22k views

What's the difference between には and では

My book has these two sentences and I don't quite understand why they are using には in the first example and では on the second one. It seems to me that only では would be correct in this situation. 1)...
20
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2answers
3k views

<adv> versus <adv>+と versus <adv>+に

I often see adverbs used in one of three ways: 1) Adverb appears in isolation in a sentence: あまり 好きじゃないんですが。 2) Adverb is followed by に 別々に お願いします。 1970年代後半、多くの罪もない日本の一般市民が 次々に 失踪した。 3) ...
19
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4answers
3k views

に vs で again: 前に vs 後で

Following the current trend of pitting the particles に and で against each other, here is another question that does the same but from another type of usage and perspective. When we want to say "do X ...
19
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2answers
608 views

When does a suru-noun require し in front of a purposive-に?

According to Chocolate's comment to a question, some suru-nouns can be followed by the purposive に directly, but others require (the stem of) する in between.  面会しに行く  面会に行く  料理しに行く × 料理に行く ...
18
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2answers
13k views

How to use へ (-e), に (-ni), まで (made) and の方 (no-hō) with destination and direction?

It is common to ask the difference between just "へ" (-e) and "に" (-ni) but it seems to get even more complicated when you also mix in "まで" (made) and even "の方" (no-hō). When Japanese people ask me ...
17
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2answers
569 views

Can't に always replace へ?

Me and the particle へ don't get along. It's not that we don't like each other, it's that we don't get each other. I'm in a pretty committed relationship with に. I mean, I think I understand what へ ...
17
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1answer
1k views

Particle に to enumerate things?

I encountered several sentences where に was used—from my deduction of the context—to enumerate things. For example a character about to go somewhere, checks his bag if he has everything he needs : 2:「...
16
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2answers
2k views

が and に interchangeability and difference in meaning

Consider these sentences: だれ{が・に}これが出来るか だれ{が・に}日本語が分からないか When both が and に are acceptable, what is their difference in meaning and practical usage?
16
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1answer
8k views

When to use 他【ほか】の or 他【ほか】に

I always thought only 他の existed, but my teacher uses 他に a lot. Are there differences between when each can be used? Here are two examples of each from my online dictionary: だれかほかの人に聞いてごらん (Ask ...
15
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4answers
427 views

揺れる with に or で

I rarely have any problems with the に and で particles, but I have been a bit confused since seeing the word 揺れる in a few different sentences. As far as I know it is ok to say either: 旗が風に揺れている or ...
15
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1answer
12k views

Is there a difference between ほんとう (hontō) and ほんとうに (hontō-ni) when used alone as interjection or question?

As the equivalent of Enlgish "Oh really?" / "Yes really." as lone utterances I seem to hear both "本当" (hontō) and "本当に" (hontō-ni) in Japanese - is there a difference? It seems that hontō is a noun ...
14
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3answers
2k views

Why is 一緒に correct and 一緒で incorrect?

This is a mistake I habitually make, even though I know what the right form is. Earlier tonight, I wanted to tell my friend "Let's go together!", so I sent a mail saying: 一緒{いっしょ}で行{い}こう! My ...
13
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3answers
668 views

Using で instead of に with いる

The example sentence in Why is も used instead of が in the sentence 「日本ではクモを見ると良いことがあると言う人もいますよ」, 日本ではクモを見ると良いことがあると言う人もいますよ got me thinking "Why is it using で, not に?". I.e., why not 日本には、...
12
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2answers
7k views

Difference between 間 and 間に

I have some problems with understanding what is the difference between these two. According to 初級日本語, 間 refers to certain time frame whereas 間に refers to certain time frame within that time frame. Is ...
12
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2answers
383 views

How does one use the “[V ます stem] に [Vタ]” pattern (as in 待ちに待った)?

Every now and then I hear 待ちに待った, as in: 待ちに待ったライブ a long-awaited concert I started wondering if this pattern can apply to other verbs, and it certainly seems to, if Google is any indication. I ...
12
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1answer
2k views

Is 感じる {かんじる} transitive or intransitive? Which particle to use?

Please consider 一段 {いちだん} verb 感じる {かんじる}. Sometimes I see particle に applied and sometimes particole を. In the Jisho.org vocabulary it is not specified if this verb is 他動詞 {たどうし} (transitive) or 自動詞 {...
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3answers
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に and で revisited

Consider the statement A: ホテル(に/で)泊まる. For both cases would translate to "I stay at a hotel" in English. However they are answers to different questions. Consider the questions 1.どこに泊まる and 2.(ホテルで)...
12
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1answer
1k views

Why is it that some temporal nouns cannot be marked with に? And why do they become more acceptable with には?

Consider the following: に here is used in its function of denoting the time where an event occurs (に1): ◯ 一時に1 ◯ 一時半に1 ◯ 月曜日に1 ◯ 正月に1 * 昨日に1 ?/◯ 昨日には * 今日に1 ?/◯ 今日には * 明日に1 ?/◯ 明日には * 去年に1 ?/◯ 去年には *...
12
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1answer
442 views

Difference between ままに and ままで?

What would be the difference between 扉はやはり音もなく、押されるままに動いた。 and 扉はやはり音もなく、押されるままで動いた。 When do you use ままで instead of ままに?
11
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2answers
2k views

へ or に particle for 曲がる?

i was wondering what may be the difference in nuance between 右へ曲がる and 右に曲がる ? Example: Take a right turn and you'll see the library. 1) 右へ曲がると、図書館がある。 2) 右に曲がると、図書館がある。 As for [noun-location] ...
11
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2answers
395 views

Using に with adjectives

I want to know if there is a rule or way of thinking that makes it easier to understand which adjectives can be used in the following pattern. 体にいいです。 健康にわるいです。 酒によわいです。 電車に詳しいです。 その場にふさわしかった。 I ...
10
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2answers
863 views

に vs で: 映画に見る vs 映画で見る

Branching off from the comments to this question: Do I say えいがにみました or えいがをみました ?: Preamble: The comment says 映画に見た is valid for "I saw it in a movie". I went to search for example sentences and ...
10
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2answers
245 views

Combining に/で particles with 等【など】(or other “etc.” stand-ins)

I was recently trying to make an open-ended enumeration of places in a construction that would require the use of a に particle. E.g.: AやBに行こう or even: A[and the like]に行こう Preferably using a ...
10
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2answers
494 views

“外で遊びに行く” vs “外へ遊びに行く”

I saw the following 2 options in an exam question: 私は__に行く a. 外で遊び b. 外へ遊び The answer is '外へ遊びに行く' Does 'で' also work here? What's the difference here?
10
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4answers
731 views

When is it natural to use で and に and when not to use them

In my previous question I wanted to know how to say If we continue at this rate I will be fluent by Christmas. Both answers were really helpful and I now know how to say it but there is still ...
9
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1answer
333 views

Other uses of the particle に in お兄ちゃんには見つからない

I'm reading a story and two siblings are playing 'hide and seek'. The younger one, after finding a hiding place, says: ここならお兄ちゃんには絶対に見つからないよ ここなら means 'if here' that is, from the context, 'if I ...
9
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2answers
312 views

Why まで and not に?

So I'm reading Chapter 12 (of Minna no Nihongo I) and ran across this sentence: 空港までバスと電車とどちらが速いですか。 It's translated as: Which is the faster way to get to the airport, by bus or by train? Why ...
9
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2answers
1k views

~にしては vs. ~としては

I know one implies the thing I'm comparing actually is the thing I'm comparing it to, and the other doesn't. Can someone suggest an easy example or trick for remembering which is which?
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2answers
3k views

その中( に / で / から ) What is the correct choice of particles?

Excerpt from a JLPT practice question: Background information: the writer was looking for rental apartments. 次に行ったところは小さい会社ですが、そこの人は大変優しい人でした。 それにいいアパートもたくさんありました。 私はその中[Blank]好きな家を借りました。 今、...
9
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1answer
760 views

volitional + nimo 作ろう+にも?

What does the 「にも」 after the volitional form 「作る」 do here? 死んだら食べ物は必要ないし、死んでるんだから、物は当然産まれない。作ろうにも材料も何もないし。 がっかりさせて悪いけど、天国にはね、何にもないのよ。 I would assume it means something close to "in order to" but I'...
9
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3answers
1k views

Use of に in 「私には本物の若殿様がわかります」

What function is に serving in this sentence (the speaker has been asked to pick out the real lord from a group of people): 私には本物の若殿様がわかります I know who the real young lord is It seems to me ...
9
votes
1answer
208 views

What does the に do in 表情から察するに?

その表情から察するに魔剣を所持している人は少ないみたいだ。 I'm having trouble figuring out what に does here. Does it have the same meaning as と?
9
votes
1answer
318 views

Why isn't 笑う usually used with に particle?

From what I understand, there are two types of intransitive verbs (might be wrong) The intransitive verb can act with a direct object or direction with the particle に 私は学校に行きます。 私は友達に会います。 ...
9
votes
2answers
298 views

Use of に and を with 触れる

The verb 触れる challenges my concept of what を does; to mark a direct object. Consider these uses of 触れる: (人)の頬に指を触れる (Touch a finger to someone's cheek) (人)の頬に手を触れる (Touch someone's cheek with ...
9
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2answers
230 views

Who is receiving the benefit in this sentence?

The narrator is complaining about men on the train making noise and says: 車掌さんが彼等に注意をしてくれるのを待ちました。 I'm uncertain of the interpretation of に together with くれる here. I can see two possibilities: a) ...
9
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1answer
593 views

Meaning of にまで?

A long time ago, I came across this example sentence in Jisho: 彼{かれ}の仕事{しごと}は井戸掘{いどほ}りからゴミの処理{しょり}にまで及ぶ{およぶ}。 His tasks range from digging wells to getting rid of garbage. Why does this sentence ...
9
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1answer
952 views

Dictionary form of verb followed by に

I've recently begun noticing that occasionally I'll see a dictionary form of the verb followed by the particle に, for example: 1.)まだ学校へ行くには早い時間です。 It's still too early to go to school. I've been ...
8
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3answers
208 views

Another は and に question for 「わたしゃキモチ悪くて見れないんだよ」

「わたしゃキモチ悪くて見れないんだよ」 It's disgusting and I can't look. Sometimes は still confuses me. I assume I should parse this as わたしゃ(キモチ悪くて見れないんだよ) with an implied subject for 気持ち悪い i.e. 'it'. I started ...
8
votes
3answers
859 views

Meaning of に in 本当に

In the sentence これは[本当]{ほんと}に[高]{たか}いです, meaning "This is really expensive", I'm having trouble understanding the meaning of に, which usually has some connotation of "to", "on", or "at". This is a ...
8
votes
1answer
596 views

私に言われても versus 私が言われても

I am aware that "言われる" means "to be told". My impression would be that "私に言われても" means "Even if I told you..." while "私が言われても" means "Even if I am told...". But this site answer seems to suggest that ...
8
votes
3answers
910 views

Difference between では and には when the final verb is still ある?

So I was under the impression that で/に mostly depends on the final verb of the phrase, and that いる/ある requires に because it doesn't signify an action happening at a location. Tobira's 10th chapter ...
7
votes
2answers
401 views

This instance of のに is opposite from my expectations

I have this sentence in one of my JLPT practise books: 電子{でんし}レンジは冷{さ}めた料理{りょうり}を温{あたた}めるのに重宝{ちょうほう}だ。 I thought のに meant something like "in spite of". So, to me, this sentence seems to be saying ...
7
votes
2answers
360 views

Why say “〜、皆には出来る。” instead of “ 〜、皆は出来る。” in this context?

The sentence in a translation: 将来を見据えながら点と点を結ぶということなど、皆にはできません。 While looking at the future, one cannot see how to connect the dots. My assumption is that the following is the "base" sentence. ...
7
votes
3answers
519 views

に vs で with state of being (but no verb)

All the に vs で comparisons I can find discuss using them with verbs. However I recently wanted to say something like "I am alone at home", and phrased it without a verb: 家で一人です But that got me ...