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Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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why it's needed a second に in the sentence 東京に行くには何で行きますか?

From the answer in another question of this board, 東京に行くには何で行きますか translates as "About you going to Tokyo, how are you going?" . Why is the second "ni" needed in this sentence?
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What is the difference between にしては and としては? [duplicate]

I know they are both used for comparisons, i.e. "as X...", "for a X....", but I don't understand the difference between them.
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Is に optional in this sentence?

In this sentence: わたしは、ほぼほぼ計画通りに過ごすことができた一年でした。 Does the に particle make "計画通り" an adverb?
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Difference between くらい and くらいに

...., これ以上ないくらいに大きく目を見開いて、...  she opened her eyes as wide as possible ... I don't understand what に is doing here. I've seen plenty of examples where くらい acts adverbially without needing に. So why ...
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Are there rules for omitting にin phrases?

暗い森、さまよう "Kurai mori, samayou"    translates to "in the dark forest you wander". Is the comma here replacing the function of ni? can you always replace it this way or is it specific to this sentence?
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Another は and に question for 「わたしゃキモチ悪くて見れないんだよ」

「わたしゃキモチ悪くて見れないんだよ」 It's disgusting and I can't look. Sometimes は still confuses me. I assume I should parse this as わたしゃ(キモチ悪くて見れないんだよ) with an implied subject for 気持ち悪い i.e. 'it'. I started ...
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Differentiate 'niwa“ and ”ni" when indicating a position

I am here again! I am just starting learning this amazing language and thanks for everyone's help. So I heard that to say "I speak fast in English" I say: Egoniwa hayakuhanashimasu. What does the ...
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に as the subject marker?

I an anime I was watching the other day, I heard the bellow phrase. I don't remember whose name it was or which anime it was, so I'll just replace it with a generic name: アリスに分かってる. The speaker ...
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Difference between the particles で and に? [duplicate]

I have noticed that both the particlesで and に tend to mean the same thing (in / on). What ous the exact difference between these two, how do I know when to usr I've or the other, and what are some ...
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「のは」 vs. 「には」 — as in 「嬉しいのは嬉しい」 「あるにはある」

Related: What is the meaning of 「読むには読んだ」? Related: には with plain form of verb dictionary.goo.ne.jp 「には」 3. (多く「…には…が」の形で、動詞や形容詞を繰り返して)一応その動作や状態は認めるが、それに関連して起こる動作や状態については関知したり容認したりしない意を表す。 「...
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Meaning of adjective + にする

When you say 部屋をきれいにします You mean "Clean the room" (make it so that the room becomes clean). On the other hand, when you say 静かにする You mean "Be quiet". If these meanings are right, would the ...
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What is the に particle in 他に doing

他にいいものがたくさんあるけど、やっぱりこれにする。 "There are a lot of other good things, but as I thought I'll go with this one" What is the に particle doing here? Is it turning 他 into an adjective? I understand ...
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The meaning of the particle に in this sentence

医者に薬をもらいました。 I couldn't understand the meaning of に here. Would it be: "I received the medicine from the doctor."?
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Causative form and willingness of the cast

According to "A dictionary of basic Japanese grammar" pg. 389 (on the choice between に and を particles with causative form) When ni is used, the causee has taken an action intentionally. I have ...
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に まで differences in usage with person or things

From what I understand に marks the destination of a verb, like まで。 僕が彼に愛を感じる   僕が彼まで愛を感じる Some explanation I find for に are: 1)に plainly wears many different hats, but I like to think of に as a ...
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Expressing “live somewhere in summer and live somewhere in winter”: Particle usage

So recently I've been following the advice of writing up a journal entry in Japanese every day, and I had a question about particle usage for a set of sentences I did. 祖父と祖母はメーンに住んでいます。でも、...
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Why de is used in second sentence? [duplicate]

I am currently studying Minna no nihongo. I came across these two sentences Why was de used in gakkodewa , instead of gakkoniwa in second sentence?
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A little help with the passive form

さて本日より貴様らに新たな命令が下されるわけだが "Now then, today I’m going to give you new orders" I don’t get why the 貴様 is being targeted by the action. Shouldn’t they be doing the action instead? For example, ...
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What does the word 「になあ」mean?

Here is a sentence said by a little boy. ジョー兄いも気の毒になあ 見ろよ 目にはいるものといえばつめたい石のかべと鉄ごうしばかりじゃねえか I would like to know if it is a colloquial form or alternated form from a certain word or it just has ...
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Is 私は, 明日街に歩く correct?

I understand this may be a silly question, but I'm currently trying to teach myself Japanese and don't have access to many resources. Am I right in thinking - 私は, 明日街に歩く - means 'I will walk to town ...
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Misplaced(?) に in たった4週間の間に毎日3Lの水を飲み続けた女性の変化がヤバすぎ!

Related: Particles after time expressions like "三週間" ( I suppose she got prettier and/or younger-looking. ) 【衝撃】 たった4週間の間に毎日3Lの水を飲み続けた女性の変化がヤバすぎ! 皆さん、普段の生活の中で意識して”水”を飲 ... ......
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volitional + nimo 作ろう+にも?

What does the 「にも」 after the volitional form 「作る」 do here? 死んだら食べ物は必要ないし、死んでるんだから、物は当然産まれない。作ろうにも材料も何もないし。 がっかりさせて悪いけど、天国にはね、何にもないのよ。 I would assume it means something close to "in order to" but I'...
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Using に in place of が

ボクラなんて、印象に残らないだろうね、 People like us probably don't make an impression. I belive 残る is intransitive so I suppose the literal translation is more like "For people like us an impression is probably not ...
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Meaning of に in this sentence

色白の肌に優しそうな目がほほ笑んでいる。 Her light complexion ?? kind looking eyes were smiling. Is this に simply 'in'? i.e. "Her kind looking eyes were smiling in her pale skin." That sounds a bit weird. My other ...
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にあった instead of であった

反応速度論の目的は反応速度を解析することで、反応機構や化学反応の物理学的本質を解明することにあった。 The above sentence is from the Wikipedia article 反応速度論. I don't understand the use of the particle に at the end. In scientific writing, I expected ...
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Grammar of nounの多さに

品揃えの多さについつい買いこんでしまい、... I ended up unintentionally buying ??? complete set... I'm struggling to understand the part in bold. I know that 多い is 'many', and that you can convert adjectives to nouns ...
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use of に or で for 寄ってください as a location particle

As far as I can understand about location に indicates a location where something exists (as in ここに いる), but some verbs use it like つとめる and で the location on which an action takes place ( as in ...
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Why say “〜、皆には出来る。” instead of “ 〜、皆は出来る。” in this context?

The sentence in a translation: 将来を見据えながら点と点を結ぶということなど、皆にはできません。 While looking at the future, one cannot see how to connect the dots. My assumption is that the following is the "base" sentence. ...
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How to say “I have been ~ for X months”

Nihongo ha kyuu kagetsu ni benkyou shiteiru = I've been studying japanese for 9 months. If it's wrong, why? Should it be "kyuu kagetsu go ni?"
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Meaning of phrase 手に実際穿った

I'm struggling to understand 手に実際穿った part in the following passage. What meaning does it have? 拡大鏡{かくだいきょう}で見て初めて見えてくる文字。うっすらと浮かび上がり、所々{ところどころ}かすれて読めない。その文字の形状{けいじょう}からして手に実際穿った{じっさいほじった}ような感じである。...
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に越したことはない Wondering about the に

I am having troubles figuring out what the use of the に in に越したことはない is. I searched for almost an hour on internet but didn't find anything that could possibly answer my question. Because we put it ...
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家を出ます ? Why not に?

Why is this を and not に to indicate moving in a direction? 今日は天気がいいから家を出ます Unless this example is wrong? But it is from JapanesePod101
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Why did the author use に in the following sentence?

Why did the author use に in the following sentence? 理解しかねて首をかしげる会場の様子に、司会役が「もう少し具体的に」と重ねてたずねた。 たずねる needs に but for animate objects such as human beings. In the above sentence, に is used after 様子 ...
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What's the use to append a に after みたい?

The みたい and に I'm referring to here are from a song called Don't you see! The first two lines of the lyrics are: 友達に手紙を書くときみたいに スラスラ言葉が出てくればいいのに If I understand it correctly, the に is used to link ...
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会話では助詞を省略することができるかできないか、くわしく説明してもらいたいです。

会話では助詞を省略することができるかできないか、くわしく説明してもらいたいです。
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に恥じる (Clarification on に)

遠坂がマスターとして行動しているのなら、俺もあいつに恥じない成果を出さないと。 If Tohsaka is acting as a master, i have to get results which will not make her feel ashamed. 人に恥じることはなにもない。 People do not feel ashamed for anything. ...
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Adjectives and particles が に

Adjectives describe a noun which is marked by が. 僕は料理が得意。 Could it be rewritten as 僕には料理が得意。 Or is it wrong? Regarding adjectives, a sentence like this would be correct: 僕にはペンが必要です。...
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na-adjective + に particle?

Why is a に particle following a na-adjective in the following sentence? I know that the particle has several uses, e.g. direction and location of existence, but I don't know the reason why it is being ...
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Causative Form - Difference between 子供に本を読ませる and 子供を本を読ませる

What is the difference between these two examples? 子供に本を読ませる 子供を本を読ませる Please give me some other example to illustrate the difference.
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Understanding why に particle means “because” in this sentence

I am struggling to understand the syntax of this sentence that I found in a grammar book. あまりの言葉にあきれてものが言えませんでした。 I could not say anything because of the outrageously unkind words. I read it as ...
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How do I tell if the に particle is indicating a target or a source?

I'm pretty confused about the に particle and I hope to receive some clarification. 1.彼は私に本をくれました。 2.私は母にしかられた。 In the first sentence, the に particle is used to indicate the target, which is 私....
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I have some problem with passive form of verbs, and actually with に particle in it

So, I have this: 父に犬を追いかけられています。 Is it correct? And what does that に particle mean?
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するに not followed by motion verb [duplicate]

All the questions I've seen are either using verb-には in place of verb-ために or verb-に followed by a motion verb. This seems to be neither. Maruko's friend has just pulled a sweet out of his pocket. The ...
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に満ちた and particles に が

溢れ出す魔力は、もはや抑えが利かない。 一の回路に満ちた十の魔力は、その逃げ場を求めて基盤を壊し― に満ちた=full of. 感情に満ちた顔=A face full of emotions. In the sentence at the beginning this construction does not make much sense: Ten units of Magic ...
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Using に as subject marker in non-passive/causative sentence

In this question I was given 「(私は)あの人に怒っている。」 as a way to say "that person makes me angry". I'm a little confused because it looks to me very much like a passive construction, "I, that person ...
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The role of the particle に in ばかものに考えているに思えた。 [closed]

I came across the following sentence: ばかものに考えているに思えた。 Which was translated as: Seemed to believe in stupid things. Now, the first に states IN WHAT someone seemed to believe. We can put this ...
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私には無理です or 私は無理です

Why does the expression "impossible for me" in Japanese have 私には instead of just 私は?
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Can “AはBに影響されない” and “AはBに影響しない” ever have the same meaning?

In a conversation, I wanted to say: A does not affect B. We'd been discussing A and B for awhile, and I said: (1) AはBを影響{えいきょう}しない。 I was stopped and told to say: (2) AはBに影響されない。 then ...
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見る + に particle: why is る not dropped?

I found this sentence in Tofugu's workbook. 続きを見るにはこちらから。 My question is: Why is the る not dropped so it becomes 見に, as in this sentence: 映画を見に行きます。
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Use of に in ぼくにも出来る

So I was watching the Pokemon Super Bowl Commercial, and around :40 seconds in I hear the phrase ぼくにも出来る Now I know it basically means "I can also do that", but what is the function of the に ...