Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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1answer
140 views

difference between しきりに or しきりと?

While looking up the meaning of 頻繁{ひんぱん}, I happened to notice that one of the definitions quoted by デジタル大辞泉 states: しきりに行われること However, there's also an entry for しきりと (same しきり as the first, I ...
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Can a noun with adverbial particle に be used to express “going somewhere with a purpose”?

I am familiar with the formula: 連用形+に+動の動詞 (行く、来る、帰る、戻る、出かける、出る) which means "moving somewhere with a purpose", where "moving" is a template for going, coming, returning, etc. E.g. 林さんは何をしに来たのですか。...
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768 views

Difference between 時に、時は、時には

I am having a hard time figuring these out, it turns out that I get corrected by native speakers a lot, when I use one of them, they will correct me saying that another particle should be used ...
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90 views

Why is に used in the sentence 大ピンチに勝機が見えた?

Why is there a に particle here? I dont see it fitting any of the roles I know for it (indirect object, indicating a source or agent, frequency, a specific point in time, purpose, direction of action, ...
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3answers
119 views

What particle do I use for the one who received the favour in -てくれる?

In sentences with ~てくれる the one that do us a favour goes with は・が particle. Which particle do I have to use for the one who receives the favour? Can I use both に and を or only に? I've seen both. Is it ...
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63 views

Use of に in a list of names? [duplicate]

In this funny scene from the anime Kiniro Mosaic (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uIauXFVABIQ), the character Karen is listing peoples' names to get familiar with them and says, "陽子、忍に、えっと…" What is ...
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200 views

Why can に be put after a verb's plain form?

I just noticed this line in the System Preferences app on OS X: It says 変更するにはカギをクリックします。 Click the lock to make changes Here, に is put after a verb's plain form. I have never seen this kind ...
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131 views

Usage of の and に in 弟のもっといいお手本になりなさい!

So, there's this sentence: 弟のもっといいお手本になりなさい! And the translation given is: Set a better example for your brother! But I simply cannot understand why it is composed like that. Specifically: ...
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654 views

中心にする vs. 中心とする

I am currently studying Japanese and one of the recent grammar points I ran into is the construct「〜を中心[に・と]する」. I was wondering whether the choice of particle has any particular connotation, or ...
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578 views

Does 関係 use particle に or と?

「さっきから七夕に関係ねェもンばっかり吊りさがってやがるなぁ」 These days they only hang things which are unrelated to Tanabata. These days, on Tanabata, they only hang unrelated things. I would have expected the particle と to ...
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128 views

Difference between に and まで? [closed]

What's the difference between the particles に、and まで? And what does it mean when combined to make までに? I've been quite confused as to what these two mean. And I was hoping someone could compare the ...
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1answer
202 views

Should I use で or に?

I'm not sure if should use で or に in this sentence 最近新しい医学の論文をアメリカの雑誌 で/に 読みました。 I would go with に, do you agree?
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で or に: how does the meaning of a sentence change?

Supposing I wanted to say "I see the fireworks at the summer festival". Would this be: 夏{なつ}祭{まつ}りで花{はな}火{び}を見{み}ます。 or 夏祭りに花火を見ます。 If both are correct, how does the meaning differ between ...
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74 views

Does this sentence 「彼女が美しくなりましたね。」 need 「に」?

Does this sentence: 「彼女が美しく [...] なりましたね。」 need 「に」 in the marked spot? And why? Can it be used both ways? I tried searching for the 「に」 usage but it seems to be the most elusive particle as it'...
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75 views

Meaning of に in プラスチック**に**は体に悪い物質が付きやすいため

プラスチックには体に悪い物質が付きやすいため、魚などがプラスチックを食べると、その魚を食べる動物や人にも悪い影響が出る心配があります。 As for plastic, because bad materials easily stick in the body, there is a worry that if fish eat plastic it will also have a bad ...
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77 views

Why is に used here and are there any possible replacements for it here?

彼は生徒に人気がある I have done a quick search and I have found in cases where 人気のある and 人気がある are used that に marks who something is popular with most of the time. Why is に used here and could we use some ...
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1answer
185 views

How do we use に気をつける vs を気をつける?

に気をつける is a much more popular expression, from what I see, compared to を気をつける. But the latter is still not that rare. Is there any significant difference between these two and something to be wary of ...
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Difference between では and には when the final verb is still ある?

So I was under the impression that で/に mostly depends on the final verb of the phrase, and that いる/ある requires に because it doesn't signify an action happening at a location. Tobira's 10th chapter ...
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56 views

Where would に be in this sentence?

In the sentence "Mr. Yamada goes to work at eight thirty." where would the に be placed? Would it be a) やまださんははちじはんしごとにいきます。 b) やまださんははちじはんにしごといきます。 Why?
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meaning of にもin その話は前にも聞いたよ。

その話は前にも聞いたよ。is translated as "I heard that story before". I assume that the subject is implicit, その話 "that story" is the topic, 前 is "before" and 聞いた is the past of hear. What about にも? Why is 前 ...
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110 views

why this sentence has this grammatical structure? 話し手も相手も共通に知っている場合

The phrase "話し手も相手も共通に知っている場合" was translated in this board as "When both the speaker and listener know the subject" I dont understand 2 things about this sentence. What's the use of ni in this ...
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1answer
212 views

Is is correct to say ~亡くなりなりました? [closed]

Did I hear it wrong? And should it be 彼女は亡くなり に なりました? I am watching Japanese movies to improve my listening. In a movie a character said: 彼女は亡くなりなりました Mentioned that I know ...
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1answer
156 views

Meaning of に in アルバイトの人などに売る数

From here: コンビニを経営している人は、売らなければならない数を会社から言われて、アルバイトの人などに売る数を言う店もあると話しています。 Convenince store managers say that they are told how much they must sell by the company, and (there are even stores that ...
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147 views

Why is it said 「サークルで使う」 and not 「サークルに使う」

As far as I know, 「サークルで使う」 means "To spend (money) on a circle club". However I don't figure out why the particle で is used instead of に, since I have seen so many examples of "to spend on sth" and I ...
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95 views

How to parse 「Nを相手に、」 [duplicate]

I've gotten to the level where I can start going through some basic Japanese material and largely understand all of it, but there are some times where I'm confused by particle usage, and I'm not sure ...
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Particle question with 「以内」:「に」 or 「で」

I have seen the next sentences and each one use a different particle 数年以内に: Within a few years 5秒以内で:Within five seconds Why does one of them use the particle に and the other one で? Could we ...
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1answer
95 views

Meaning of “verb phrase-ところが、person-にはある”

無茶苦茶ではあるが、そう言いたくなってしまうところが、丸尾君にはある。 It is indeed absurd but/and Maruo has reached the point where he wants to say so. I can't understand the structure of this sentence. Nor am I sure I've ...
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1answer
92 views

why it's needed a second に in the sentence 東京に行くには何で行きますか?

From the answer in another question of this board, 東京に行くには何で行きますか translates as "About you going to Tokyo, how are you going?" . Why is the second "ni" needed in this sentence?
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What is the difference between にしては and としては? [duplicate]

I know they are both used for comparisons, i.e. "as X...", "for a X....", but I don't understand the difference between them.
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Is に optional in this sentence?

In this sentence: わたしは、ほぼほぼ計画通りに過ごすことができた一年でした。 Does the に particle make "計画通り" an adverb?
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Difference between くらい and くらいに

...., これ以上ないくらいに大きく目を見開いて、...  she opened her eyes as wide as possible ... I don't understand what に is doing here. I've seen plenty of examples where くらい acts adverbially without needing に. So why ...
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Are there rules for omitting にin phrases?

暗い森、さまよう "Kurai mori, samayou"    translates to "in the dark forest you wander". Is the comma here replacing the function of ni? can you always replace it this way or is it specific to this sentence?
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Another は and に question for 「わたしゃキモチ悪くて見れないんだよ」

「わたしゃキモチ悪くて見れないんだよ」 It's disgusting and I can't look. Sometimes は still confuses me. I assume I should parse this as わたしゃ(キモチ悪くて見れないんだよ) with an implied subject for 気持ち悪い i.e. 'it'. I started ...
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Differentiate 'niwa“ and ”ni" when indicating a position

I am here again! I am just starting learning this amazing language and thanks for everyone's help. So I heard that to say "I speak fast in English" I say: Egoniwa hayakuhanashimasu. What does the ...
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1answer
260 views

に as the subject marker?

I an anime I was watching the other day, I heard the bellow phrase. I don't remember whose name it was or which anime it was, so I'll just replace it with a generic name: アリスに分かってる. The speaker ...
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2answers
208 views

Difference between the particles で and に? [duplicate]

I have noticed that both the particlesで and に tend to mean the same thing (in / on). What ous the exact difference between these two, how do I know when to usr I've or the other, and what are some ...
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1answer
296 views

「のは」 vs. 「には」 — as in 「嬉しいのは嬉しい」 「あるにはある」

Related: What is the meaning of 「読むには読んだ」? Related: には with plain form of verb dictionary.goo.ne.jp 「には」 3. (多く「…には…が」の形で、動詞や形容詞を繰り返して)一応その動作や状態は認めるが、それに関連して起こる動作や状態については関知したり容認したりしない意を表す。 「...
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Meaning of adjective + にする

When you say 部屋をきれいにします You mean "Clean the room" (make it so that the room becomes clean). On the other hand, when you say 静かにする You mean "Be quiet". If these meanings are right, would the ...
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314 views

What is the に particle in 他に doing

他にいいものがたくさんあるけど、やっぱりこれにする。 "There are a lot of other good things, but as I thought I'll go with this one" What is the に particle doing here? Is it turning 他 into an adjective? I understand ...
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1answer
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The meaning of the particle に in this sentence

医者に薬をもらいました。 I couldn't understand the meaning of に here. Would it be: "I received the medicine from the doctor."?
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1answer
95 views

Causative form and willingness of the cast

According to "A dictionary of basic Japanese grammar" pg. 389 (on the choice between に and を particles with causative form) When ni is used, the causee has taken an action intentionally. I have ...
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560 views

に まで differences in usage with person or things

From what I understand に marks the destination of a verb, like まで。 僕が彼に愛を感じる   僕が彼まで愛を感じる Some explanation I find for に are: 1)に plainly wears many different hats, but I like to think of に as a ...
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1answer
204 views

Expressing “live somewhere in summer and live somewhere in winter”: Particle usage

So recently I've been following the advice of writing up a journal entry in Japanese every day, and I had a question about particle usage for a set of sentences I did. 祖父と祖母はメーンに住んでいます。でも、...
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1answer
65 views

Why de is used in second sentence? [duplicate]

I am currently studying Minna no nihongo. I came across these two sentences Why was de used in gakkodewa , instead of gakkoniwa in second sentence?
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1answer
135 views

A little help with the passive form

さて本日より貴様らに新たな命令が下されるわけだが "Now then, today I’m going to give you new orders" I don’t get why the 貴様 is being targeted by the action. Shouldn’t they be doing the action instead? For example, ...
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154 views

What does the word 「になあ」mean?

Here is a sentence said by a little boy. ジョー兄いも気の毒になあ 見ろよ 目にはいるものといえばつめたい石のかべと鉄ごうしばかりじゃねえか I would like to know if it is a colloquial form or alternated form from a certain word or it just has ...
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1answer
235 views

Is 私は, 明日街に歩く correct?

I understand this may be a silly question, but I'm currently trying to teach myself Japanese and don't have access to many resources. Am I right in thinking - 私は, 明日街に歩く - means 'I will walk to town ...
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3answers
361 views

Misplaced(?) に in たった4週間の間に毎日3Lの水を飲み続けた女性の変化がヤバすぎ!

Related: Particles after time expressions like "三週間" ( I suppose she got prettier and/or younger-looking. ) 【衝撃】 たった4週間の間に毎日3Lの水を飲み続けた女性の変化がヤバすぎ! 皆さん、普段の生活の中で意識して”水”を飲 ... ......
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760 views

volitional + nimo 作ろう+にも?

What does the 「にも」 after the volitional form 「作る」 do here? 死んだら食べ物は必要ないし、死んでるんだから、物は当然産まれない。作ろうにも材料も何もないし。 がっかりさせて悪いけど、天国にはね、何にもないのよ。 I would assume it means something close to "in order to" but I'...
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1answer
107 views

Using に in place of が

ボクラなんて、印象に残らないだろうね、 People like us probably don't make an impression. I belive 残る is intransitive so I suppose the literal translation is more like "For people like us an impression is probably not ...