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Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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Understanding the pattern “〜から、〜に耳打ちしてもらう”

I am trying to interpret the sentence: ――ラファから、長に、そう耳打ちしてもらう You can see this in context here, but I'll describe a little of the situation in this post. The line is said by a character named Ian to ...
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Would I be right in reading 「私には…」as 「to me it's …」?

Would I be correct in reading things like 私には or 個人的には as being "to me"? Like in the following: 私には寿司が美味しいって!To me sushi is tasty! Or 彼には女性が誰よりきれいです。To him she is better than anyone. Would I ...
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Why is で used instead of に alongside ある?

I am wondering as to why で was used after 間 instead of に as I would expect because it is talking about popularity being present. What is the general definition for this usage of で? そのホテルは安くて清潔なので、...
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What is the difference between 前と and 前に? [closed]

I've seen both used to mean "X ago", e.g. "六日前と" and "3ヶ月前に".
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Clarifications regarding the AをBに。。。 construction

I've read Meaning and transitivity of ゴミ袋を手に立ち上がる before, but i'm looking to confirm some things where AをBに(して)is not the case. 彼女の視線を一身に浴びて、私は身が縮む思いだった。 basking my body under her gaze, I feel ...
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Particle usage of に in 南北に長い?

I was reading page 5 of my 上級へのとびら textbook, and in line 12, the following sentence caught my eye: 日本は南北に長いので…… I cannot figure out why the に is used instead of が (南北が長い). Is に the 連用形 of なる here?
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Usage of に in this sentence

そんなメアを飛鳥がカメラに何度も収めている。 Asuka gathered(?) many (photographs) of Mare via his camera ?? Aside from the odd use of 収める, why did they use に over で in this sentence? Thank you
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What does this に do in this sentence? And this わ in the following?

A: 結婚したいけど、僕にはお金がないから... B: お金なんか要らないわ。あなたといっしょにいるだけでいいの。 They are printed in bold. I dont really have problems understanding the sentence. But I wouldn't know what nuances are brought in by the ...
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why に can mean “and”?

I think I've only seen this usage in anime and manga so not sure how common it is in real life. Sometimes に seems to be used as "and", usually (always?) with people, e.g. something like: 田中に黒田じゃないか! ...
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meaning of ことに? [duplicate]

お土産を気に入ってくれたことに安堵すると、 What is the meaning of ことに ? This is something I see from time to time, but I don't understand its pattern. Aren't ことは or ことを working here ?
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協力する particle usage

私と協力してください。 私に協力してください。 Please cooperate with me. Is there any difference in meaning/usage/nuance when choosing と or に to go with the verb 協力する? If I had to guess maybe I'd say that 私と協力してください ...
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On the use of ゆえ - Difference between ゆえに and ゆえの

I'm confused about the use of ゆえ in case it is followed by の instead of に. In the second case I know that ゆえ indicates a consequence, a sort of "Some state/condition ゆえに some consequence". However, ...
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what's the difference between particle を and に when used for location

i’ve been learning about particles lately as im still new to the language i can't tell the difference between these two particles when used for locations for example: 街を歩く does this mean walk through ...
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difference between しきりに or しきりと?

While looking up the meaning of 頻繁{ひんぱん}, I happened to notice that one of the definitions quoted by デジタル大辞泉 states: しきりに行われること However, there's also an entry for しきりと (same しきり as the first, I ...
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Can a noun with adverbial particle に be used to express “going somewhere with a purpose”?

I am familiar with the formula: 連用形+に+動の動詞 (行く、来る、帰る、戻る、出かける、出る) which means "moving somewhere with a purpose", where "moving" is a template for going, coming, returning, etc. E.g. 林さんは何をしに来たのですか。...
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Difference between 時に、時は、時には

I am having a hard time figuring these out, it turns out that I get corrected by native speakers a lot, when I use one of them, they will correct me saying that another particle should be used ...
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Why is に used in the sentence 大ピンチに勝機が見えた?

Why is there a に particle here? I dont see it fitting any of the roles I know for it (indirect object, indicating a source or agent, frequency, a specific point in time, purpose, direction of action, ...
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What particle do I use for the one who received the favour in -てくれる?

In sentences with ~てくれる the one that do us a favour goes with は・が particle. Which particle do I have to use for the one who receives the favour? Can I use both に and を or only に? I've seen both. Is it ...
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Use of に in a list of names? [duplicate]

In this funny scene from the anime Kiniro Mosaic (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uIauXFVABIQ), the character Karen is listing peoples' names to get familiar with them and says, "陽子、忍に、えっと…" What is ...
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Why can に be put after a verb's plain form?

I just noticed this line in the System Preferences app on OS X: It says 変更するにはカギをクリックします。 Click the lock to make changes Here, に is put after a verb's plain form. I have never seen this kind ...
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Usage of の and に in 弟のもっといいお手本になりなさい!

So, there's this sentence: 弟のもっといいお手本になりなさい! And the translation given is: Set a better example for your brother! But I simply cannot understand why it is composed like that. Specifically: ...
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中心にする vs. 中心とする

I am currently studying Japanese and one of the recent grammar points I ran into is the construct「〜を中心[に・と]する」. I was wondering whether the choice of particle has any particular connotation, or ...
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Does 関係 use particle に or と?

「さっきから七夕に関係ねェもンばっかり吊りさがってやがるなぁ」 These days they only hang things which are unrelated to Tanabata. These days, on Tanabata, they only hang unrelated things. I would have expected the particle と to ...
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Difference between に and まで? [closed]

What's the difference between the particles に、and まで? And what does it mean when combined to make までに? I've been quite confused as to what these two mean. And I was hoping someone could compare the ...
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Should I use で or に?

I'm not sure if should use で or に in this sentence 最近新しい医学の論文をアメリカの雑誌 で/に 読みました。 I would go with に, do you agree?
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で or に: how does the meaning of a sentence change?

Supposing I wanted to say "I see the fireworks at the summer festival". Would this be: 夏{なつ}祭{まつ}りで花{はな}火{び}を見{み}ます。 or 夏祭りに花火を見ます。 If both are correct, how does the meaning differ between ...
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Does this sentence 「彼女が美しくなりましたね。」 need 「に」?

Does this sentence: 「彼女が美しく [...] なりましたね。」 need 「に」 in the marked spot? And why? Can it be used both ways? I tried searching for the 「に」 usage but it seems to be the most elusive particle as it'...
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Meaning of に in プラスチック**に**は体に悪い物質が付きやすいため

プラスチックには体に悪い物質が付きやすいため、魚などがプラスチックを食べると、その魚を食べる動物や人にも悪い影響が出る心配があります。 As for plastic, because bad materials easily stick in the body, there is a worry that if fish eat plastic it will also have a bad ...
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Why is に used here and are there any possible replacements for it here?

彼は生徒に人気がある I have done a quick search and I have found in cases where 人気のある and 人気がある are used that に marks who something is popular with most of the time. Why is に used here and could we use some ...
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How do we use に気をつける vs を気をつける?

に気をつける is a much more popular expression, from what I see, compared to を気をつける. But the latter is still not that rare. Is there any significant difference between these two and something to be wary of ...
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Difference between では and には when the final verb is still ある?

So I was under the impression that で/に mostly depends on the final verb of the phrase, and that いる/ある requires に because it doesn't signify an action happening at a location. Tobira's 10th chapter ...
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Where would に be in this sentence?

In the sentence "Mr. Yamada goes to work at eight thirty." where would the に be placed? Would it be a) やまださんははちじはんしごとにいきます。 b) やまださんははちじはんにしごといきます。 Why?
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meaning of にもin その話は前にも聞いたよ。

その話は前にも聞いたよ。is translated as "I heard that story before". I assume that the subject is implicit, その話 "that story" is the topic, 前 is "before" and 聞いた is the past of hear. What about にも? Why is 前 ...
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why this sentence has this grammatical structure? 話し手も相手も共通に知っている場合

The phrase "話し手も相手も共通に知っている場合" was translated in this board as "When both the speaker and listener know the subject" I dont understand 2 things about this sentence. What's the use of ni in this ...
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Is is correct to say ~亡くなりなりました? [closed]

Did I hear it wrong? And should it be 彼女は亡くなり に なりました? I am watching Japanese movies to improve my listening. In a movie a character said: 彼女は亡くなりなりました Mentioned that I know ...
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Meaning of に in アルバイトの人などに売る数

From here: コンビニを経営している人は、売らなければならない数を会社から言われて、アルバイトの人などに売る数を言う店もあると話しています。 Convenince store managers say that they are told how much they must sell by the company, and (there are even stores that ...
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Why is it said 「サークルで使う」 and not 「サークルに使う」

As far as I know, 「サークルで使う」 means "To spend (money) on a circle club". However I don't figure out why the particle で is used instead of に, since I have seen so many examples of "to spend on sth" and I ...
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How to parse 「Nを相手に、」 [duplicate]

I've gotten to the level where I can start going through some basic Japanese material and largely understand all of it, but there are some times where I'm confused by particle usage, and I'm not sure ...
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Particle question with 「以内」:「に」 or 「で」

I have seen the next sentences and each one use a different particle 数年以内に: Within a few years 5秒以内で:Within five seconds Why does one of them use the particle に and the other one で? Could we ...
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Meaning of “verb phrase-ところが、person-にはある”

無茶苦茶ではあるが、そう言いたくなってしまうところが、丸尾君にはある。 It is indeed absurd but/and Maruo has reached the point where he wants to say so. I can't understand the structure of this sentence. Nor am I sure I've ...
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why it's needed a second に in the sentence 東京に行くには何で行きますか?

From the answer in another question of this board, 東京に行くには何で行きますか translates as "About you going to Tokyo, how are you going?" . Why is the second "ni" needed in this sentence?
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What is the difference between にしては and としては? [duplicate]

I know they are both used for comparisons, i.e. "as X...", "for a X....", but I don't understand the difference between them.
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Is に optional in this sentence?

In this sentence: わたしは、ほぼほぼ計画通りに過ごすことができた一年でした。 Does the に particle make "計画通り" an adverb?
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Difference between くらい and くらいに

...., これ以上ないくらいに大きく目を見開いて、...  she opened her eyes as wide as possible ... I don't understand what に is doing here. I've seen plenty of examples where くらい acts adverbially without needing に. So why ...
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Are there rules for omitting にin phrases?

暗い森、さまよう "Kurai mori, samayou"    translates to "in the dark forest you wander". Is the comma here replacing the function of ni? can you always replace it this way or is it specific to this sentence?
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Another は and に question for 「わたしゃキモチ悪くて見れないんだよ」

「わたしゃキモチ悪くて見れないんだよ」 It's disgusting and I can't look. Sometimes は still confuses me. I assume I should parse this as わたしゃ(キモチ悪くて見れないんだよ) with an implied subject for 気持ち悪い i.e. 'it'. I started ...
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Differentiate 'niwa“ and ”ni" when indicating a position

I am here again! I am just starting learning this amazing language and thanks for everyone's help. So I heard that to say "I speak fast in English" I say: Egoniwa hayakuhanashimasu. What does the ...
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に as the subject marker?

I an anime I was watching the other day, I heard the bellow phrase. I don't remember whose name it was or which anime it was, so I'll just replace it with a generic name: アリスに分かってる. The speaker ...
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Difference between the particles で and に? [duplicate]

I have noticed that both the particlesで and に tend to mean the same thing (in / on). What ous the exact difference between these two, how do I know when to usr I've or the other, and what are some ...
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「のは」 vs. 「には」 — as in 「嬉しいのは嬉しい」 「あるにはある」

Related: What is the meaning of 「読むには読んだ」? Related: には with plain form of verb dictionary.goo.ne.jp 「には」 3. (多く「…には…が」の形で、動詞や形容詞を繰り返して)一応その動作や状態は認めるが、それに関連して起こる動作や状態については関知したり容認したりしない意を表す。 「...