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Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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How do i use ある/いる?

Up to now I've come to understand the meaning of these verbs. I understand when you are saying something exists somewhere you use the particle に to indicate where it exists, or someone having ...
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Usage of に after verbs

彼は川へ泳ぎに行った。 In this sentence, the 連用形 of 泳ぐ is placed in front of に, with the action verb 行く/行った, thus indicating the verb (to swim) for which the action (to go) is taken. My first question is if this ...
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Difference between 以外で and 以外に

文部科学省は、病気などの理由以外で、1年に30日以上学校を休んだ子どもが、2016年度に13万4398人いたと発表しました。 The Ministry of Education announced that there were 134398 children in the 2016 school year who had more than 30 days of absence for ...
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Confusing embedded question

Context: a girl and her parents are attacked, and her parents are killed before she is saved by someone. He apologizes (for being too late to save her parents) and then says this: ……せめて。...
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Is に forming an adverb in the following sentence? Or is it just a preposition?

Context: a person is describing the punches of a boxer. 顔面ノーガードにスウェーから変則的な角度とリズムで放たれる拳。 Is に making an adverb of 顔面ノーガード? Or does it indicates that the boxer is throwing a punch to an opponent ...
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Why is “な” in “円滑な活動を助ける” not “に”?

why is "円滑" an Adjective not an Adverb in this sentence?
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Did I use NI/DE/WO correctly in these examples?

Previous question got deleted because I apparently worded it wrong so here's another attempt. Just started with verbs and particles that come with them and it took me a while to get the structure, ...
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行っています versus 行きました

The 1993 4級 test had this vocabulary question: ちちは いま、しんぶんを ____ いって います。 1 ぬぎに  2 よびに  3 ききに  4 かいに Am I right to say that the answer is 4, かいに, with the sentence as My dad went to buy a ...
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A particle for place of action for V-2+に行く

What particle should be used for a place of action (or a place to go?) in case of using V-2+に行く construction? E.g. 食堂 _ 食べに行きます。 At one hand, 食堂 is a place of action (eating) and で-particle should ...
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Difference between に and が [duplicate]

What's the difference between their に and が in these sentences? 「私にできることがあれば何でも言ってください」 and 「私ができることがあれば何でも言ってください」?
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Understanding the pattern “〜から、〜に耳打ちしてもらう”

I am trying to interpret the sentence: ――ラファから、長に、そう耳打ちしてもらう You can see this in context here, but I'll describe a little of the situation in this post. The line is said by a character named Ian to ...
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Would I be right in reading 「私には…」as 「to me it's …」?

Would I be correct in reading things like 私には or 個人的には as being "to me"? Like in the following: 私には寿司が美味しいって!To me sushi is tasty! Or 彼には女性が誰よりきれいです。To him she is better than anyone. Would I ...
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Why is で used instead of に alongside ある?

I am wondering as to why で was used after 間 instead of に as I would expect because it is talking about popularity being present. What is the general definition for this usage of で? そのホテルは安くて清潔なので、...
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What is the difference between 前と and 前に? [closed]

I've seen both used to mean "X ago", e.g. "六日前と" and "3ヶ月前に".
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Clarifications regarding the AをBに。。。 construction

I've read Meaning and transitivity of ゴミ袋を手に立ち上がる before, but i'm looking to confirm some things where AをBに(して)is not the case. 彼女の視線を一身に浴びて、私は身が縮む思いだった。 basking my body under her gaze, I feel ...
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Particle usage of に in 南北に長い?

I was reading page 5 of my 上級へのとびら textbook, and in line 12, the following sentence caught my eye: 日本は南北に長いので…… I cannot figure out why the に is used instead of が (南北が長い). Is に the 連用形 of なる here?
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Usage of に in this sentence

そんなメアを飛鳥がカメラに何度も収めている。 Asuka gathered(?) many (photographs) of Mare via his camera ?? Aside from the odd use of 収める, why did they use に over で in this sentence? Thank you
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What does this に do in this sentence? And this わ in the following?

A: 結婚したいけど、僕にはお金がないから... B: お金なんか要らないわ。あなたといっしょにいるだけでいいの。 They are printed in bold. I dont really have problems understanding the sentence. But I wouldn't know what nuances are brought in by the ...
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why に can mean “and”?

I think I've only seen this usage in anime and manga so not sure how common it is in real life. Sometimes に seems to be used as "and", usually (always?) with people, e.g. something like: 田中に黒田じゃないか! ...
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meaning of ことに? [duplicate]

お土産を気に入ってくれたことに安堵すると、 What is the meaning of ことに ? This is something I see from time to time, but I don't understand its pattern. Aren't ことは or ことを working here ?
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協力する particle usage

私と協力してください。 私に協力してください。 Please cooperate with me. Is there any difference in meaning/usage/nuance when choosing と or に to go with the verb 協力する? If I had to guess maybe I'd say that 私と協力してください ...
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On the use of ゆえ - Difference between ゆえに and ゆえの

I'm confused about the use of ゆえ in case it is followed by の instead of に. In the second case I know that ゆえ indicates a consequence, a sort of "Some state/condition ゆえに some consequence". However, ...
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what's the difference between particle を and に when used for location

i’ve been learning about particles lately as im still new to the language i can't tell the difference between these two particles when used for locations for example: 街を歩く does this mean walk through ...
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difference between しきりに or しきりと?

While looking up the meaning of 頻繁{ひんぱん}, I happened to notice that one of the definitions quoted by デジタル大辞泉 states: しきりに行われること However, there's also an entry for しきりと (same しきり as the first, I ...
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Can a noun with adverbial particle に be used to express “going somewhere with a purpose”?

I am familiar with the formula: 連用形+に+動の動詞 (行く、来る、帰る、戻る、出かける、出る) which means "moving somewhere with a purpose", where "moving" is a template for going, coming, returning, etc. E.g. 林さんは何をしに来たのですか。...
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Difference between 時に、時は、時には

I am having a hard time figuring these out, it turns out that I get corrected by native speakers a lot, when I use one of them, they will correct me saying that another particle should be used ...
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Why is に used in the sentence 大ピンチに勝機が見えた?

Why is there a に particle here? I dont see it fitting any of the roles I know for it (indirect object, indicating a source or agent, frequency, a specific point in time, purpose, direction of action, ...
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What particle do I use for the one who received the favour in -てくれる?

In sentences with ~てくれる the one that do us a favour goes with は・が particle. Which particle do I have to use for the one who receives the favour? Can I use both に and を or only に? I've seen both. Is it ...
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Use of に in a list of names? [duplicate]

In this funny scene from the anime Kiniro Mosaic (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uIauXFVABIQ), the character Karen is listing peoples' names to get familiar with them and says, "陽子、忍に、えっと…" What is ...
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Why can に be put after a verb's plain form?

I just noticed this line in the System Preferences app on OS X: It says 変更するにはカギをクリックします。 Click the lock to make changes Here, に is put after a verb's plain form. I have never seen this kind ...
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Usage of の and に in 弟のもっといいお手本になりなさい!

So, there's this sentence: 弟のもっといいお手本になりなさい! And the translation given is: Set a better example for your brother! But I simply cannot understand why it is composed like that. Specifically: ...
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中心にする vs. 中心とする

I am currently studying Japanese and one of the recent grammar points I ran into is the construct「〜を中心[に・と]する」. I was wondering whether the choice of particle has any particular connotation, or ...
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Does 関係 use particle に or と?

「さっきから七夕に関係ねェもンばっかり吊りさがってやがるなぁ」 These days they only hang things which are unrelated to Tanabata. These days, on Tanabata, they only hang unrelated things. I would have expected the particle と to ...
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Difference between に and まで? [closed]

What's the difference between the particles に、and まで? And what does it mean when combined to make までに? I've been quite confused as to what these two mean. And I was hoping someone could compare the ...
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Should I use で or に?

I'm not sure if should use で or に in this sentence 最近新しい医学の論文をアメリカの雑誌 で/に 読みました。 I would go with に, do you agree?
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で or に: how does the meaning of a sentence change?

Supposing I wanted to say "I see the fireworks at the summer festival". Would this be: 夏{なつ}祭{まつ}りで花{はな}火{び}を見{み}ます。 or 夏祭りに花火を見ます。 If both are correct, how does the meaning differ between ...
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Does this sentence 「彼女が美しくなりましたね。」 need 「に」?

Does this sentence: 「彼女が美しく [...] なりましたね。」 need 「に」 in the marked spot? And why? Can it be used both ways? I tried searching for the 「に」 usage but it seems to be the most elusive particle as it'...
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Meaning of に in プラスチック**に**は体に悪い物質が付きやすいため

プラスチックには体に悪い物質が付きやすいため、魚などがプラスチックを食べると、その魚を食べる動物や人にも悪い影響が出る心配があります。 As for plastic, because bad materials easily stick in the body, there is a worry that if fish eat plastic it will also have a bad ...
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Why is に used here and are there any possible replacements for it here?

彼は生徒に人気がある I have done a quick search and I have found in cases where 人気のある and 人気がある are used that に marks who something is popular with most of the time. Why is に used here and could we use some ...
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How do we use に気をつける vs を気をつける?

に気をつける is a much more popular expression, from what I see, compared to を気をつける. But the latter is still not that rare. Is there any significant difference between these two and something to be wary of ...
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Difference between では and には when the final verb is still ある?

So I was under the impression that で/に mostly depends on the final verb of the phrase, and that いる/ある requires に because it doesn't signify an action happening at a location. Tobira's 10th chapter ...
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Where would に be in this sentence?

In the sentence "Mr. Yamada goes to work at eight thirty." where would the に be placed? Would it be a) やまださんははちじはんしごとにいきます。 b) やまださんははちじはんにしごといきます。 Why?
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meaning of にもin その話は前にも聞いたよ。

その話は前にも聞いたよ。is translated as "I heard that story before". I assume that the subject is implicit, その話 "that story" is the topic, 前 is "before" and 聞いた is the past of hear. What about にも? Why is 前 ...
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why this sentence has this grammatical structure? 話し手も相手も共通に知っている場合

The phrase "話し手も相手も共通に知っている場合" was translated in this board as "When both the speaker and listener know the subject" I dont understand 2 things about this sentence. What's the use of ni in this ...
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Is is correct to say ~亡くなりなりました? [closed]

Did I hear it wrong? And should it be 彼女は亡くなり に なりました? I am watching Japanese movies to improve my listening. In a movie a character said: 彼女は亡くなりなりました Mentioned that I know ...
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Meaning of に in アルバイトの人などに売る数

From here: コンビニを経営している人は、売らなければならない数を会社から言われて、アルバイトの人などに売る数を言う店もあると話しています。 Convenince store managers say that they are told how much they must sell by the company, and (there are even stores that ...
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Why is it said 「サークルで使う」 and not 「サークルに使う」

As far as I know, 「サークルで使う」 means "To spend (money) on a circle club". However I don't figure out why the particle で is used instead of に, since I have seen so many examples of "to spend on sth" and I ...
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How to parse 「Nを相手に、」 [duplicate]

I've gotten to the level where I can start going through some basic Japanese material and largely understand all of it, but there are some times where I'm confused by particle usage, and I'm not sure ...
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Particle question with 「以内」:「に」 or 「で」

I have seen the next sentences and each one use a different particle 数年以内に: Within a few years 5秒以内で:Within five seconds Why does one of them use the particle に and the other one で? Could we ...
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Meaning of “verb phrase-ところが、person-にはある”

無茶苦茶ではあるが、そう言いたくなってしまうところが、丸尾君にはある。 It is indeed absurd but/and Maruo has reached the point where he wants to say so. I can't understand the structure of this sentence. Nor am I sure I've ...