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Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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Why do you use に with 欲しい?

I recently encountered the sentence 「あなたに嬉しくなって欲しい」, which means “I want you to be happy.” Why is に used to mark “you”? If you rephrase the sentence as 「あなたが嬉しくなることが欲しい」, the meaning still comes ...
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Differences between いる and まつ

I understand what the verb まつ (wait) means fairly clearly but my book has no example of いる in a sentence and its definition seems to be similar except it uses が and に as particles for some reason? ...
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I don’t understand the use of the particle に in the following sentence

私にまかせてください。I only know に as a destination particle.
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Why isn't 笑う usually used with に particle?

From what I understand, there are two types of intransitive verbs (might be wrong) The intransitive verb can act with a direct object or direction with the particle に 私は学校に行きます。 私は友達に会います。 ...
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The double use of で in a sentence

It has been awhile since I studied/ used my Japanese, so I bought a dictionary. While looking around in it I found the word つむ{tsumu} - to pick , to pluck. The example sentence used for the word is:...
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水面*が*月を映していた: Is に interchangeable?

澄んだ水面 が 月を映していた。 Under the 映す entry in a dictionary (ルミナス、研究社), I found the sample sentence in question among others. However, I couldn't understand why only in this particular sentence is が used in ...
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彼女には心配事がない。why there is に?

彼女には心配事がない。 What is this ni in this phrase?
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function of に after 私

sentence : あなただけの私には...今の私はなりたくない I think it's something like "I don't want to be... only yours now", but the に there, would mean something like "for me" , "in" , "to me", etc but I can't see any ...
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Two に with 行かれて

Context: Person A, has just left to look for persons B, and it would be bad if she met them. Person C comments on this saying: まずいな。 今彼女にBたちの所に行かれては……! There are two things that kinda confuse ...
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Possible ambiguity in function of に

日本人にも人気のリゾート地として知られるフィリピンのボラカイ島で... On the Phillipine island of Borakai, which is known as a resort popular even with Japanese people, ... I can't decide if this にも goes with 人気, so that it's "a ...
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What does this に imply?

せっかくの休みに、あなほり なんかやらされて。。。 In a ドラえもん comic, someone said this and took a break from digging a hole in the ground. I understand the sentence generally (probably), but not enough grammatically, and ...
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に particle. Why is this sentences

I have a bit of a struggle with the に particle. Could somebody explain to me why it is used here? 結婚のお祝いに、部長に時計をいただきました。 (first に) このかばんは物が入れやすくて、旅行や仕事に便利です。 車の修理に1週間かかります。 ...
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Other particles with も

Said at the start of the summer holidays: 「お役に立てて光栄です。丸尾スエオ二学期もがんばりますから、みなさんどうかよろしくいたします」 It's an honour to be helpful. Maruo Sueo will do his best in the second term too so thanks for your ...
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ここに書いた or ここで書いた?

Which particle do I use to say that something is written somewhere? I googled both versions and they have a similar number of hits. Can I use both? Is there a difference between the two?
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What is the meaning of 収められる in this sentence?

From: 公爵家の令嬢として生まれたクリスティーナは、ある日屋敷に引き取られ養子になった妹と対面することで前世の知識を得る。その知識により、この世界が妹のミシュリーをヒロインとした物語に収められることになることを知った。 The dictionary doesn't really help, as I don't understand how any of the meanings ...
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Can someone please explain the に particle in this sentence: 'そして急ぐ君の目に焼き付いてはなれない'?

I have 2 question really: What is the に particle's job in this sentence?, And when I put this sentence on Jisho.org it identifies 焼き付いてはなれない as 2 verbs, is it true?.
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The difference between に and で when focusing on location vs. action

Consider these sentences (scenario 1): (私は)公園に花を植える。(I) plant flowers IN the park. (focus on the park) vs (私は)公園で花を植える。(I) PLANT flowers in the park. (focus on planting) First of all, I would ...
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How to use 満足する

A statement by North Korea: 話し合いの結果、韓国と意見が合って満足できた。 The result of the discussions was that we agree with the views of South Korea and are satisfied. I understand 満足する to mean 'to be satisfied', ...
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General Differences between へ and に

So this is a total re-write of my question. Outside of uses that include travel, walking, riding, driving, going or returning or any other form of travelling and moving; What cases would it be ...
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When should you use a に when talking about the time?

Over time, I've realised that certain words you use when referring to time, such as ’今日’, ’明日’ and ’毎朝’ have no need for you to attach the に particle. However, when saying '六時’, you must attach a に. ...
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Meaning of AにBを+adverb+する

Regarding WTO announcement on the Korean import ban of fish from Fukushima etc: WTOは23日、「輸入の禁止は差別で、韓国は必要以上に貿易の決まりを厳しくしている」と言いました。 On the 23rd the WTO said that the import ban is discriminatory ...
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Difference between に近い and から近い

草津町のスキー場では、噴火した所から近いゲレンデ以外では滑ることができます。 In the Kusatsu ski resort you can ski on slopes other than those near the place of the eruption. Why is から used instead of に with 近い? I think I normally see に....
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どの言葉がなくなったのですか Which words are missing?

次の文は雑誌の広告写真についていたキャプションです。 「やさしいかわ ひとに ちきゅうに」 日本エコレザーの広告です。写真では、三人の子供が地球を持っています。やさしい革とは、アレルギーの原因となる金属とか有害物質のない皮革です。 それを考えると、どういう意味がありますか。 「やさしいかわ。人に作られた。地球のために」 「やさしいかわ。人のために。地球のために」 など。 ...
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Understanding に correctly in these two sentences

戯れに触れれば融け行き、悪戯に払えば散りゆく。 かといって、お為ごかしに見過ごせばいずれは消えていく。 For context we're talking about snow here. From what I know, に when used with a verb stem indicates a purpose. So 「戯れに触れれば融け行き、」 would translate ...
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Difference between バスに and バスでスマホを忘れてしまいました

What is the difference between バスでスマホを忘れてしまいました and バスにスマホを忘れてしまいました? I vaguely remember there being a nuance difference between these two sentences but I forgot what it was... Please help me
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Question about exact meaning of causative sentence

I'm trying to read this manga (風光る) for practice and I came across this short sentence 今、沖田や藤堂に立合わせています。 (see image below) In the English fan translation it is translated incorrectly to Now ...
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When is the particle “に” redundant in the phrase “ために”

Compare the following two sentences, "ため" is used to express 原因 in both sentences: 寒さのために死んだ。 日本は島国のため、陸上には国境がない。 I wonder if I can choose to add the particle "に" as I want, but one of my ...
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Can we turn nouns into adverb by adding に? [duplicate]

"しかし、期待を胸に中学校に赴任すると、理想と現実は大きくかけ離れていました。" "加藤さんは大切な手紙を手に再び「パナマ」へ向かいます。" "彼女は手紙を手に、階下へ降りてきた。" Is に turning these nouns into adverbs ?
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と (to) vs に (ni) in a phrase like “I am speaking with/to”

I've heard the following two sentences and I'd like to understand the differences between the two, if any, and when it is appropriate to use one vs the other: おいしゃさんとはなしています おいしゃさんにはなしています It ...
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How should I interpret this に?

お前の姿に瓜二つだからこそ、むしろ許せない…! Is it something that goes along with だからこそ and therefore means "because"? I know that this is one of the meanings of に but I'm not sure if this is the one used in this case ...
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Why is it 休暇で and not 休暇に?

I'm wondering why we use で with 休暇 and why it can't be に like in 夏休みに. Update: In the sentence,「私たちは休暇でここに来ました。海辺のホテルに泊まっていました。」, I wondered why they used で instead of に.
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What is the meaning of にも?

What does にも mean in this sentence? ムン大統領は、北朝鮮の選手たちにもオリンピックに出てほしいと考えています。 (full text here) I've found a topic where にも is discussed but it's not the same context and the explanations doesn't ...
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I don't understand why my は was changed to a に when a native corrected my sentence

My sentence: 彼はこれを出来るなら僕は矢っ張り出来る Correction: 彼にそれが出来るなら、僕にもできる I can understand the rest of the changes, but why はー>に ? All they said was that it sounded more natural but they weren't sure why. ...
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ていかなきゃならん事 and にゃ

I have the following sentence: A: まあ、さっさと忘れろ。お前にゃこれから先、覚えていかなきゃならん事が山ほどできるんだし。 Context: A and B were involved in a sparing session, and after winning B exclaims they will cherish this memory ...
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The use of で and に with 座る

I came across this example in Genki I .....まどの近くに座っています And I was wondering about the use of に here and if we can replace it with で to make ......まどの近くで座っています Is it correct? Please explain ...
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In this particular sentence is 間 and 間に interchangeable?

I'm studying for the N3 from Kanzen textbook and I came across this question 私は夏休みの( )、アメリカの友達の家にいた。 there are three choices: 間、間に、中で the answer they consider it as the right one is 間. what ...
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Problem understanding この素晴しい世界に祝福を!

I am studding particles, and I want to translate the anime's name: "この素晴しい世界に祝福を!" (kono subarashii sekai ni shukufuku o!). What does に mean in this sentence? I have seen many people ...
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Inferred particles - should I infer は or に in this sentence?

I was translating this song (https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/pages/31606.html) and there was a line that didn't make sense without an inferred particle, but I'm not sure which particle to infer. (...
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私に言われても versus 私が言われても

I am aware that "言われる" means "to be told". My impression would be that "私に言われても" means "Even if I told you..." while "私が言われても" means "Even if I am told...". But this site answer seems to suggest that ...
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Indicating time in Japanese: に、は、or no particle?

This is my first question on Japanese Stackexchange. よろしくお願いします! The following example sentence made me wonder about the placement of particles after time expresssions: 先生は週末は何をしますか。 I came up with ...
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What does これには mean in this sentence? [closed]

「私って元来遊び人なのかもと妙に納得しつつ、もう一つ新たに開設された「脳内フェチイメージ」にチャレンジしたら、これには腰を抜かさんばかりの驚きでありました。」's「これには」
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How do i use ある/いる?

Up to now I've come to understand the meaning of these verbs. I understand when you are saying something exists somewhere you use the particle に to indicate where it exists, or someone having ...
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Usage of に after verbs

彼は川へ泳ぎに行った。 In this sentence, the 連用形 of 泳ぐ is placed in front of に, with the action verb 行く/行った, thus indicating the verb (to swim) for which the action (to go) is taken. My first question is if this ...
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Difference between 以外で and 以外に

文部科学省は、病気などの理由以外で、1年に30日以上学校を休んだ子どもが、2016年度に13万4398人いたと発表しました。 The Ministry of Education announced that there were 134398 children in the 2016 school year who had more than 30 days of absence for ...
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Confusing embedded question

Context: a girl and her parents are attacked, and her parents are killed before she is saved by someone. He apologizes (for being too late to save her parents) and then says this: ……せめて。...
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Is に forming an adverb in the following sentence? Or is it just a preposition?

Context: a person is describing the punches of a boxer. 顔面ノーガードにスウェーから変則的な角度とリズムで放たれる拳。 Is に making an adverb of 顔面ノーガード? Or does it indicates that the boxer is throwing a punch to an opponent ...
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Why is “な” in “円滑な活動を助ける” not “に”?

why is "円滑" an Adjective not an Adverb in this sentence?
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Did I use NI/DE/WO correctly in these examples?

Previous question got deleted because I apparently worded it wrong so here's another attempt. Just started with verbs and particles that come with them and it took me a while to get the structure, ...
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行っています versus 行きました

The 1993 4級 test had this vocabulary question: ちちは いま、しんぶんを ____ いって います。 1 ぬぎに  2 よびに  3 ききに  4 かいに Am I right to say that the answer is 4, かいに, with the sentence as My dad went to buy a ...
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A particle for place of action for V-2+に行く

What particle should be used for a place of action (or a place to go?) in case of using V-2+に行く construction? E.g. 食堂 _ 食べに行きます。 At one hand, 食堂 is a place of action (eating) and で-particle should ...